Locomotive Magazine
Volume 4 (1899)

Key file

Number 37 (January 1899)

Railway notes. 1

To our readers. 1
Editorial self-congratulation, especially on coloured plates of locomotives: "the only correct pictures yet published".

L.B. & S.C.R. locos.  1
Five 0-6-2T completed at Brighton Works: Nos. 477 Poynings, 478 Newick, 479 Bevendean, 480 Fletching and 481 Itchingfield.

Royal specials. 1.
Visit of Grand Duke Serge with Grand Duchess to Windsor on 12 November 1898 special was worked through from Dover to Windsor LSWR station by LCDR locomotive No. 15 driven by Tollervey covering 99¼ miles in 122 minutes, leaving Dover at 15.08, passing Chatham at 15.55, reaching Ludgate Junction at 16.35 and Windsor at 17.10. The return journey was worked by LSWR No. 291 (Driver Moyce) leaving Windsor at 10.20 and arriving Dover at 12.35.

The Southern Railways. 1
Almost exact transcrrip: tOn 1 January 1899 the working ot the L. C. & D. R. and S. E. R. Companies will be put under one administration, but they will not, at any rate for the present, be amalgamated in spite ot contrary rumours so freely circulated. The locomotive chief will be Mr. H. S. Wainwright, who will control the locomotive departments of both companies. The old curve at Otford will be reopened to enable trains to run direct to Ashford, where they will all use the S.E. R. Co's station, the L.C. & D.R. station being closed. Local trains will run between Otford and Sevenoaks (Tub's Hill), at which place a new double line junction has been laid in enabling the L. C. & D. R. trains to run direct from Victoria to Hastings, etc. To begin with, a train will leave Victoria, week days and Sundays, at 10.30 a.m., reaching Hastings at 12.13 p.rn., and returning at l.55 p.m. Similarly a new service of trains will run between Charing Cross, Cannon Street, etc., and New Brompton, via Strood, and the 3.45 a.m. boat express from Dover will run to the S. E. R. Termini, via Faversham and Chatham.
The Caledonian Co.ts famous engine, No. 766, has just been overhauled at St. Rollox, for trial on the boat trains between London and Dover; but at the moment of going to press it is uncertain whether this interesting experiment can be carried out, it being feared that the road will not be strong enough for so heavy a locomotive
.

The locomotives of the Great Northern Railway. 2-3.
Confirmed MS index NRM. No. 223 shown in Fig. 22. Sturrock design built by R. & W. Hawthorn numbered 223-8

The "Lord of the Isles", Great Western Railway. 4
Confirmed MS index NRM: text notes that "still carefully preserved at its birthplace"

The locomotives of the Danish State Rys. 5-6.
Confirmed MS index NRM

The locomotive history of the London Brighton and South Coast Railway. 6-8.
Continued from Volume 2 or 3 p. 182. Drawings D2 class 0-4-2 of Nos. 208 Richmond and 210 Cornwall.

G.N.R. locomotives. 8.
Ten further 400 class 4-4-0 (four-coupled bogie) engines had been completed at Doncaster Works: Nos. 1341 to 1350. R. Stephenson & Co. were about to deliver some six-coupled saddle tanks.

G.C.R. locomotive. 8.
New four-coupled bogie [4-4-0] with Belpaire boiler ex-Gorton No. 859.

G.W.R. locomotives. 8
New Barrington class 4-4-0 No. 3306 Shelbourne. No. 3297 fitted with ordinary hand reversing gear.

Railway accidents. 8.
LNWR: 19 November 1898: Basford siding Crewe: No. 598 working empty stock collided with light engine causing death of driver and much damage to locomotive.
GER: 19 December 1898: Aldersbrook siding Ilford: truck derailed during shunting in path of up continental freight train hauled by No. 0490: engine damaged and much damage to wagons, but no personal injuries.

Four-coupled bogie express engines, Midland Railway. 9. illus.
Johnson 4-4-0: No. 63 illustrated: 7ft couplled wheels, 19½ x 26in cylinders activated by piston valves.

A novel exhaust pipe. 9
Invented in New South Wales: three concentric cones.

Listowel and Ballybunion Railway. 9-10. illus.
Opened on 1 March 1888: 10 miles long monorail system with three locomotives built by the Hunslet Engine Co. and rolling stock supplied by Falcon Works, Loughborough.

The locomotive of today. 11-12.
Continued from Volume 3 page 189. Water-pick up apparatus.

Ten-wheeled express engine, Baltimore & Ohio Railway. 13. illus.
4-6-0 built by Baldwin with two driving wheel sizes: 6ft 6in and 5ft 8in.

Gauge glass protectors. 13. 2 diagrs.
Supplied by Hulburd Engineering Co.

The carriage and wagon department. 14.

Swiss passenger cars. 14. 2 illus.

Correspondence 16.

Number 38 (February 1899)

Railway notes. 17.

G.N.R. locos. 17
Some of the locomotives constructed for the G.N.R. by private firms had been delivered. Three goods engines. Nos. 1101, 1102 and 1103, having domes, the new type of cab, safety valves, etc, had come from Dubs & Co. (WN 3695/6/7), and a six-coupled saddle tank of the 1201 class had been delivered from Stephenson & Co. and  numbered 1216; it had a polished brass dome casing, and, as well as the above mentioned goods engines. was stationed at Peterborough, No. 1018, another ten-wheeled tank [0-8-2T], was out and stationed at Bradford. The enlarged lettering was being generally adopted on G,N.R. engines as was a new type of destination board for suburban locomotives, a number of plates being carried in suitable brackets at either end of the engine in place ot the old four-sided revolving arrangement.

New L. & Y. locos. 17.
In our November issue we mentioned some radial tank engines having larger bunkers; these are entirely new engines, built at Horwich, twenty of them being at work with the following numbers- 5, 34, 48, 90, 98, 120, 183, 191, 192, 267, 297, 316, 332, 346, 351, 353, 356, 371, 379 and 380. These engines weighed 59 tons 3 cwt., the weight of those with the smaller bunkers being 55 tons 19 cwt. A new type of express locomotive was also being built at Horwich.

L. & N.W.R. goods engines. 17
All fifty engines of the eight-coupled type recently built at Crewe were at work, their numbers being 1801 to 1850, and some more 18-in. cylinder six-coupled type had appeared numbered 1715 to 1720 and 1722.

The L.C. & D. and S.E. Rys. 17.
On New Year's Day the first through train was run under the new arrangement from Victoria to Hastings. The train consisted of three bogie coaches and two brake vans and was drawn by engine No. 15, all L.C. & D.R. stock. It was well patronised and reached Hastings 2 minutes before time.

Change of name. 17.
Highland Ry. engine No. 73 Thurlow had been re-named Rosehaugh.

G.C.R. express locos. 17
Two more of the large four-coupled bogies [4-4-0] were at work; numbers 860 and 861.

G.E.R. locos. 17
The close of the year 1898 was marked by the turning out from the Stratford works of four passenger tank engines of a new class [0-4-4T], numbered 1100 to 1103. They had 4-ft. 11-in, four-coupled drivers, a trailing bogie, inside cylinders 17-in. by 24-in., and condensing apparatus.

S.E.R. express engines. 17
As stated in our November issue some large four-coupled bogie engines [4-4-0], similar to the No. 440 class, had been constructed at Ashford, and in addition to those mentioned there were others numbered 21 and 217.

Railway accidents. 17.
As the 19.15 G.E.R. train from Maldon was entering Witham on New Year's Day, drawn by engine No. 162, it collided with a cattle train, damaging the engine and injuring several passengers.
On the night of 12 January a L. & N.W.R. express goods to Holyhead was running between Conway and Penmaenmawr it ran into the sea at a point where the line had been washed away by the severity of the gale. The engine, No. 1418, a rebuilt DX goods, was on its side, although not seriously damaged, but the driver and fireman were killed.

Recent French locomotives. 18. illus.
Confirmed MS index NRM. includes illustration of Nord 4-4-0

Four-coupled bogie engine, G.W.R. 20. illus.
No. 3312 Bulldog with straight nameplate on firebox. Fitted with steam reversing gear.

The locomotives of the Danish State Rys. 21,
0-6-0 G class, 0-6-0T F class and 0-4-0T

The locomotives of the Great Northern Railway. 21-3
Fig 29: 0-8-0T supplied by Avonside Engine Co Nos. 472 (WN 633/1866) and 473 which were similar to ones supplied to Vale of Neath Railway. They were intended for working between King's Cross and Ludgate Hill and were fitted with condensing apparatus. Slaughter & Caillet check springs were fitted to both leading and trailing axles..

[Coaxing tender axleboxes on LBSCR]. 23
Oil cup attached to tender coal rail with a copper pipe leading down to box to provide extra lubricant.

Locomotives of the Bristol and Exeter Railway. 23-4.
Continued from Volume 3 page 179

Four-coupled bogie express engine, L. and Y. Railway. 25. illus.
Aspinall 4-4-0 No. 318 illustrated

The locomotive of the future. 26. diagram (side elevation)
An Atlantic proposed design with outside cylinders, 200 psi boiler pressure, but not clear whether wide firebox intended as grate area only 25ft2

G.E. Ry. signals,. 26
Westinghouse compressed air electro-pneumatic system at Bishopsgate

The Aviemore & Inverness Line. 27.

A narrow gauge mogul for Brazil. 27

The carriage and wagon department.  30

Number 39 (March)

Railway notes. 33

L. T. & S. R. locos. 33
Six new tank engines of the Westcliff type had been built for this railway by Dubs & Co., of Glasgow, their numbers and names being: 43 Great Ilford, 44 Prittlewell, 45 Burdett Road, 46 Southchurch, 47 Stratford, and 48 Little Ilford: WN 3666 to 3671. They were fitted with hinged doors on the sides of the cab, and the chimney was of an improved shape, which would be adopted as the standard for L.T. & S.R. engines. The guard irons had been strengthened, and terminated with small squares of sufficient width to ensure part of them being over the rail when running round curves.

H.R. express engines. 33.
Some more engines of the Ben-y-Gloe class had been delivered from Dubs & Co., numbered and named: 4 Ben More, 5 Ben Vrackie, 6 Ben Armin, and 7 Ben Attow. No. 131 Loch Shin had piston valves removed, and Richardson's balanced slide valves substituted.

Midland Ry. single wheelers. 33
The first three of ten more 7-ft  9-in. bogie single express engines [4-2-2] had been turned out from the Derby works. Their numbers were 120, 121 and 123.

Ten-wheeled express engine for the L. & Y.R. 33
As announced last month, a new type of express engine is about to appear on the L. & Y. R., and No. 700, the first of the class, has just been completed at Horwich. The leading bogie had four 3-ft wheels, the 4-coupled drivers were 7-ft. 3-in., and the trailing wheels 3-ft. 8-in. diameter. The boiler was enormous, having a mean diameter of 4-ft. 9½-in., and a length of 15-ft. It was pressed to 175 psi., and its centre line was 8-ft. 11-in. above the rails. The heating surface was: tubes 1,877 ft2, firebox 175 ft2:. total 2,052 ft2. The valve motion was Joy's and was provided with steam reversing gear.

G.C.R. locos. 33
The last of the new 4-coupled bogie express engines [4-4-0] built at Gorton was at work; it was No. 270. Beyer, Peacock & Co. had also constructed some of this class, Nos. 862 to 870 being at work. This firm likewise constructed in 1898 a set ot ten 4-coupled double-end passenger tanks for the G.C.R., numbered 776 to 785. They had large boilers with Belpaire fireboxes. Twenty-five more 6-coupled radial tanks would be built at Gorton.

G.N.R. locos. 33
Nos. 1217, 1218 and 1219 (six-coupled saddle tanks) had been delivered from R. Stephenson & Co. (WN 2922 to 2924); and Dubs & Co. delivered two more six-coupled tender engines, Nos. 1104 and 1105 (WN 3698 and 3699). Nos. 212 and 286 had been rebuilt with the standard boiler and cab, and ten-wheeled tank, No. 1020 [0-8-2T], had been completed at Doncaster. Some more of the latter class were to be built, fitted with condensing apparatus.

New engines for the southern lines. 33
The L. & S. W. R. had built at Nine Elms four 4-coupled bogie tanks [0-4-4T], Nos. 21 to 24 (242 class), whilst Dubs & Co. had delivered to the same railway four more of the· 290 class of 4-coupled bogie express engines [4-4-0] numbered 702 to 705 (WN 3746 to 3749). Another 5-ft. six-coupled radial tank engine [0-6-2T] had been built at Brighton for the L.B. & S.C.R No. 482 Newtimber, whilst the L.C. & D.R. had constructed at Longhedge another 6-ft. 6-in_ four-coupled bogie express engine, No. 6.

Locomotives of the Bristol and Exeter Railway. 34-5. 4 diagrams (side elevations)
Refers back to Fig. 11 and states that Fig 12 is a more accurate depiction of the broad gauge 0-6-0 as numbered in GWR stock (No. 2079). Standard gauge engines: six six-coupled (0-6-0) goods engines with 5ft wheels and 17 x 24in cylinders built Worcester Engine Co. RN 77-82 (WN 27-32). The GWR rebuilt them as saddle tanks and numbered them 1360-1365.

A Belgian goods locomotive. 36. illustration
0-8-0: built Société St. Leonard of Liege with outside cylinders and Walschaerts valve gear.

The locomotives of the Great Northern Railway. 36-7.  5 diagrams (side elevations)
Fig 30 shows No. 251: one of series of 2-4-0 supplied by Sharp, Stewart & Co. in 1866: WN 1667-1676 and RN 251-60..

Four-coupled bogie express engine, Belgian State Rys.. 41
4-4-0 (McIntosh Caledonian Railway type):

Compound express engine, B. & N.C.R.. 42. illustration
Two Malcolm 7ft 4-4-0 No. 50 Jubilee No. 55 Parkmount (illustrated): Belfast & Northern Counties Railway two-cylinder compound built by Beyer Peacock

Compound locomotive for the Chinese Eastern Railway. 42 illustration
Vauclain comound freight 2-8-0 designed for wood-burning, supplied by Baldwin Locomotive Works.

Carriage and Wagon Department. 46

The new Metropolitan trains. 46-7. illustration, plan
Four sets of bogie coaches supplied by Ashbury Railway Carriage Co to the design of T.S. Raney, carriage & wagon superintendent for services to Verney.

Number 40 (April 1899)

Railway notes. 49.

Automatic couplings. 49.
If it is depressing to read the last century opinions and misleading statements in that portion of the press which objects to the adoption of automatic couplings, it is positively lamentable to see the ridiculous assertions made by some of our leading technical journals. One states that trains cannot be tightly coupled with automatic appliances. What nonsense! Do the handsomest and fastest trains in the world run on slack couplings? Another suggests that heavier and more powerful locomotives will .have to be employed owing to the difficulty of starting close-coupled goods trains. (Quite a different opinion here). A third says the man would be an ass who infers there is but little difficulty in adopting the central automatic couplers to English rolling stock. We all know very well there is but little difficulty in the adoption, and we say, further, once the order is given to fit up, British enterprise and ingenuity will assert themselves and settle the question long before five years' expires. We would suggest that it would be better if these gentlemen who write on the subject would look the matter up first—get a little railroad experience, or ask the opinion of an intelligent railway man. What must our transatlantic friends think of the progress of railroad science in this country when they read such stuff as that referred to.

L. & N.W.R. locos. 49.
The two four-cylinder compounds Jubilee and Black Prince were last month [March 1899] re-numbered 1901 and 1902 respectively. The 18 additional engines of this class were then in hand, and the first had already been for a trial trip. It is understood that their numbers will be 1903 to 1920, and the boiler pressure will be 200 psi. Nos. 903, 954, 1649, 1651, 1695 and 1701, new standard 18-in. cylinder goods engines had been put to work, and ten more eight-coupled compounds were out also, Nos. 1851 to 1860. On Wednesday, 15 February 1899, the Cornwall came through from Liverpool to London with an American special and returned on the 16 February attached to the 10 a.m. Scotch Express; we believe this celebrated old engine had not been to London previously for over twenty years.

The new L. & Y. R. ten-wheeler. 49.
The number of this remarkable engine is 1400, and not as printed in error last month. Another of the type had been completed and would shortly be at work.

G.N.R. locomotives. 49.
Three more standard saddle tanks had been delivered by R. Stephenson & Co., their numbers being 1220 to 1222. Fifteen standard goods engines had been received from Dubs & Co., numbered 1101 to 1115, the first ten being stationed at Peterborough and the last five at Colwick. The 10-wheeled tank, [0-8-2T] No. 1020, had been located at Bradford, and another of the same class but fitted with condensing apparatus was out, numbered 1501. It would probably be sent to London shortly. No. 866 had been rebuilt with the new standard boiler and cab.

The Pollokshaws collision. 49.
On 11 February the G. & S.W.R. express train due in Glasgow at 19.20 ran into a Caledonian goods train near Pollokshaws. The engine of the express was No. 77, one of the standard four-coupled bogies originally fitted with an eight-wheeled tender.

New H.R. express engines. 49.
The eighth, and last, of the new Ben-y-Gloe class had been delivered from Dubs & Co. It was No. 8 Ben Clebrig. The Works numbers of the series were 3685 to 3692.

Recent French locomotives. 50-1

Trial of coal-burning engines on the S.E.R. 51-2.

Locomotive for Falmouth Dock. 52. illus.

The locomotives of the Great Northern Railway. 52-3

Locomotives of the North Devon Railway. 54-5

Four-coupled bogie express engine, Great Western Railway. 55. illus.
No. 3310 Waterford

The Great Central Railway: through vestibuled corridor-car trains  between London and Manvchester. 56. illus.
Two photographs: 4-4-0 No. 269 at Neasden engine shed and 4-4-0 No. 861 near Nottingham on opening day: services inaugaurated by President of the Board of Trade Ritchie.

Suburban tank locomotives, G.E. Ry. 57. illus.
Holden 0-4-4T (No. 1105 illustrated): fitted with condensing apparatus.

Our picture plate: the Bournemouth express, L. & S.W.R.. 57
Drummond 4-4-0 No. 297 at Swathling on 09.30 Waterloo to Bournemouth.

L.B. & S.C.R. 57.
Two further 0-6-2T (six-coupled radial) had entered service: Nos. 483 Hellingly and 484 Hackbridge. No. 75 Blackwall had been sold to the Isle of Wight Central Railway numbered 9 and painted red. It ran under its own steam to Portsmouth, thence by LSWR freight train to Southampton and then by floating carrier to Brading Harbour.

New G.C.R. locos. 57
Five further 4-4-0 (four-coupled bogie) express engines, Nos. 871-5 had been received from Beyer Peacock & Co. No. 894, an 0-6-2T (six-coupled radial tank) had emerged from Gorton Works, painted grey. All new locomotives were painted grey until they had run a month or two before being painted in the standard green.

Arrangement of the trailing wheels for express engine, Palatinate Ry. 58 diagram
See Volume 3 page 132

Passenger locomotive for the Atlantic Coast Line. 58. illustration
No. 257 illustrated: Baldwin 4-6-0 with 5ft 3in coupled wheels, 19 x 26in cylinders, 2327ft2 total haeting surface and 180 psi boiler pressure.

Automatic couplings. 59-60.
House of Commons was considering legislation to require railways to adopt automatic couplings for both passenger and freight rolling stock. Noted how East Coast companies and Great Central railways were introducing Gould coupler.

Carriage and Wagon Department. 62-

Vestibuled sleeping cars, L. & N.W. R. 63. illustration
Park design

Number 41 (May 1899)

Railway notes. 65

The dearth of locomotives. 65.
The English companies appear to be suffering at the present time from a great scarcity of locomotives, and following the example of the Midland, the G.N. Co, have given an order for goods engines to the Baldwin Co., of Philadelphia, whilst the Barry Ry. have ordered some 6-coupled side tanks from the Cooke Locomotive Works, of Paterson, N.]., and some others from Liege, in Belgium, Further, the Midland Co. have last month given over to the L.T. & S.R. the working of the through trains between St. Pancras and Southend, which they had run since the opening of the Tottenham and Forest Gate Ry. ; and the Great Central have felt the scarcity of engines to such an extent that they have yielded to the G.E. Co. the running of the through goods trains from their district, and since the 12th ult. the G.E.R. engines have worked through to Manchester [verbatim].

G.W.R. locomotives. 65
The last four of the of the 7-ft. 8-in. bogie singles are now out, numbered and named: 3077 Princess May, 3078 Shooting Star, 3079 Thunderbolt, and 3080 Windsor Castle. The latest engines of this class had the exhaust injector pipes on the side of the firebox out of sight, and delivery pipes on both sides of the barrel, the tyres are also left bright. No. 3080 is reversed by a lever. No. 3313 Cotswold and No. 3314 Chepstow Castle were out, and were of the Pendennis Castle class, but had spoked wheels for the bogies and tenders, exhaust injectors, and the nameplates on the side of the firebox. No. 1490 the first of a new class of tank engine having four wheels coupled and a leading bogie [4-4-0T] had also appeared. The boiler was of the same type as that of No. 36 but smaller. It had single slide bars, and Mansell wheels for the bogie. Volute springs in place of laminated had been fitted to the bogie of No. 3005. No. 3234 had been fitted with piston valves, which were placed on the vertical centre line of the cylinders, one above and one below the horizontal centre line.

G.N.R. locomotives. 65
The order for ten six-coupled tank engines had been completed by R. Stephenson & Co., and the engines were at work, their numbers being 1216 to 1225 (WN 2921 to 2930). More of the same class had been delivered by Sharp, Stewart & Co., of Glasgow, numbered 1226 to 1235 (WN 4771 to 4780). From the Doncaster works additional tank engines for the Metropolitan service had been turned out, Nos. 1502 to 1504, and another ot Stirling's 6-ft. 6-in, coupled engines, No. 752, had been rebuilt with new standard boiler, cab, etc.

G.C.R. engines. 65
Beyer, Peacock & Co. had delivered to the G.C.R. five more 7-ft. four-coupled bogies [4-4-0] numbered 876 to 880. Another of the new six-coupled radial tanks [0-6-2T] had been built at Gorton, No. 895. Three old 5-ft. 3-in. six-coupled double framed goods engines had been rebuilt by the Yorkshire Engine Co. with larger boilers and new cabs; their numbers were 354, 384 and 398. Several 7-ft. 9-in. single bogies [4-2-2] were to be built for the London extension.

A runaway engine. 65
On the 14 March 1899 engine No. 139 Lombardy was crossing the main line of the L.B. & S.C.R. at New Cross it collided, through some mistake, with a passenger train engine No. 224 Crowhurst, and the driver and fireman of No. 139, having reversed their engine, jumped off. The engine was not derailed, and ran away unattended down the main line until turned into a siding at South Croydon.

The locomotive history of the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway. 66-7

Railway lubricating oils. 67-8
Galena oils

The St, Gothard Ry., Switzerland. 68-9.

The locomotives of the Great Northern Railway. 70-1

Ten-wheeled express locomotive, Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway. 73-4. illus.
Aspinall 4-4-2 No. 1400:: full list of main dimensions

Four-couplcd bogie compound engine, Austrian State Railways. 77

The carriage and wagon department. 78

New wide trains, G.E.R.. 79. illus.
Four-wheeled coaches for workmens' traffic designed by Holden to be formed into 15 vehicle sets to accommodate 828 passengers fitted six per side: two vehicles were brake vans.

Number 42 (June 1899)

Railway notes. 81.

L.B. & S.C.R. locos. 81.
Two more of the large six-coupled radial tanks [0-6-2T] were ex-works: No. 485 Ashington, and No. 486 Godalming. No. 505 Kensington was in April re-numbered 605.

New Great Central Ry, engines. 81
With No. 881, delivered by  Beyer, Peacock & Co. had completed their order for twenty standard express engines. Two six-coupled radial tanks [0-6-2T], Nos. 896 and 897, had been turned out from Gorton.

New tank engines for the Caledonian Ry. 81.
No. 111 was recently turned out from St. Rollox Works, being of a new class, having 4-ft. 6-in. leading and driving wheels coupled, a trailing bogie, [0-4-4T] inside cylinders 17-in. by 24-in., and tank, etc., similar to the 97 class. The boiler was same as fitted to the 30-48 class rebuilds.

The demand for goods engines. 81
Demand continued unabated, nearly all companies were urgently in need of more, but the G.C.R. especially so, with some 50 trains daily being worked by engines of the Great Eastern, Great Northern, Lancashire and Yorkshire, and North Eastern Companies, and it was stated that the G.C.R. had to follow other companies' examples and give orders in America. The Port Talbot Co. also had placed an order for two locomotives with the Cooke Locomotive Works of Paterson, N.J. Meanwhile the G.E.R., which had put 30 goods engines in hand at Stratford, had been steadily turning out two per week, it was intended to complete twenty by the end of June.

M. & G.N. Joint locos. 81
Engines Nos. 72 and 73, completing the order for eight six-coupled tender engines had been delivered by Kitson and Co.

New Midland Ry. locos. 81
No. 131, completed the order for ten 7-ft. 0-in. single bogie express engines, turned out of the Derby Works. Some very powerful 6-ft. 9 -in. four-coupled express engines were to be put in hand "shortly".

The L. & N.W.R. Jubilees. 81
The new four cylinder express engines were slightly heavier than the original two, having stronger boilers to carry a working pressure of 200 psi. Four more had now been turned out from the Crewe works, numbered and named 1905 Black Diamond, 1906 Robin Hood, 1907 Black Watch, and 1908 Royal George.

Recent G.W.R. locos. 81
The following engines, similar to Nos. 3313 and 3314, had been built at Swindon: No. 3315 Comet, No. 3316 Guernsey, No. 3317 Jersey, and No. 3319 Katerfelto. Another four-coupled bogie tank, No. 3542 has been converted into a tender engine similar to No. 3553 as described in our issue for April last. Some saddle tanks were under construction which differed from the last in having volute springs.

G.N.R. engines. 81
Sharp, Stewart & Co. had delivered 20 six-coupled saddle tanks of the standard type numbered 1226 to 1245; the makers' numbers began at 4471, not as erroneously given last month. In addition to the standard goods tender engines already noted as having been built by Messrs. Dubs & Co., this firm had delivered Nos. 1116 to 1131 of this class. Ten of the 10-wheeled condensing tanks [0-8-2T] for the Metropolitan service had been completed at Doncaster and were numbered 1501 to 1510. Nos. 540 and 876 had been rebuilt with new standard boiler, cab, etc

The locomotive history of the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway. 82-3. 2 diagrams (side elevations)
Death of Stroudley (includes a full biography) and replacement as Locomotive Superintendent by Robert Billinton. The introduction of his 0-6-2T described as an E class special and his version of the E class 0-6-0T: both illustrated

Paris Exhibition, 1900. 83
Eiffel  Tower renovation

British Association of Draughtsmen. 83
F.W. Jennings (of Newcastle) read a paper The proportions of express locomotive boilers. Comparison of dimensions of British, American and Continental designs.

Express engine with water tube firebox, L. & S.W.R. 84. illustration.
Photograph of 4-4-0 No. 706. Refers to earlier illustartion of No. 290 in August 1898 Issue. No. 706 had a larger firebox fillted with cross water tubes and an extended coupled wheelbase with the coupled centres 10 feet apart. The locomotive was built at Nine Elms under Drummond's supervision.

Royal special. 84.
On 15 May 1899 the Prince of Wales was conveyed from London to Yarmouth in 2 hours 50 minutes non-stop behind GER No. 763. The distance was 121¾ miles.

L. & Y. Ry. express engines. 84.
Two more ten-wheelers [4-4-2], Numbers 1382 and 1383 constructed at Horwich.

The locomotives of the Great Northern Railway. 84-5.
Stirling 0-6-0ST with 17½ x 24in cylinders and 5ft 1in coupled wheels (Fig. 39):

date WN RN
1868

7

392

1868

10

124

1868

13

162

1869

37

396

1871

64

395

1871

65

398

1872

89

166

1872

96

167

Early S. & D. R locomotives. 86-7. 2 illustrations
Stockton & Darlington Railway No. 25 Derwent joined Locomotion No. 1 on Darlington station on 23 April 1899. Derwent was built by W. & A. Kitching at the Hopetown Foundry in 1837. It was a six-coupled locomitive. Another Kitching engine was at that time still at work on the North Eastern Railway: this was No. 71 Hackworth which had become No. 1071 on takeover and was later No. 1717: it had been built in March 1851 and was a four-coupled design.

St. Gothard Ry. 87-8; 90. 5 illustrations  including plate (verso 90 blank).
4-6-0 four-cylinder compound. Nos. 203-20 designed by E. Fry of Lucerne illustrated. Plate entitled Among the Alps. Illustrations include interiors of first and second class passenger coaches:

Mogul locomotives for the Midland Railway. 91.
Supplied Burnham, Williams & Co.: illustration and description of modifications to suit British conditions

[Retirement of William Buchanan]. 91.
Locomotive Superintendent of the New York Central & Hudson River Railroads retired after 52 years of railway service.

Locomotive running—III. 91-4. diagrams
Problems in the motion: inside cranks, coupling rods, slide valves, and cylinders

Suez Canal Railway. 94-5. illustration
Metre gauge railway which ran from Port Said to Ismailia with eight locomotives supplied from France.

Six-wheels coupled goods engines, Furness Ry. 95. illustration
W.F. Pettigrew 0-6-0 with 4ft 8in coupled wheels; 18 x 26 inch cylinders; 1134 ft2 total heating surface, 20.5 ft2 grate area, 150 psi boiler pressure and fitted with steam and vacuum brakes. Fitted with Macallan variable blastpipe and some with exhaust steam injecctors.

Automatic couplings. 95-6. diagram
United States Law to be implemented from 1 January 1900 whereby all railroad rolling stock required to be fitted with automatic couplings: Janney Coupler Co. forced to forego patent rights on what waas known as MCB standard.

Reviews. 96-7

The locomotive up to date. Chas McShane. Chicago: Griffin & Winters

London & North Western locomotives.  S. Cotterell, and G.H. Wilkinson. Birmingham, Holland Co.1899. 129pp.

The carriage and wagon department. 97

Vestibuled cars, G.C.R. 99. 2 illus.
47ft 6in clerestory vehicle with Pullman ends: kitchen dining car: kiitchen interior and exterior illustrated.

New S.E.R. suburban trains. 99
27ft long on timber underframes: eight carriages close-coupled with electric lighting.

Number 43 (July 1899)

Railway notes. 101.

New M.R. goods engines. 101.
Neilson, Reid & Co. had commenced delivery of the standard 6-coupled goods engines for the Midland Ry., the engine numbers beginning at 2461. R. Stephenson & Co. had also delivered No. 2361, beginning an order for standard 6-coupled side tanks. Since 26 May, ten Mogul engines had been received from the Baldwin Works, and were being put together at Derby, but at the time of writing none had been put into service.

G.N.R. locomotives. 101
Nos. 1101 to 1135 tender goods engines from Dubs & Co., and Nos. 1226 to 1250 6-coupled saddle tanks from Sharp, Stewart & Co., had been received, completing both contracts. Three standard goods engines, Nos. 343, 345 and 348, had been turned out from the works at Doncaster. The 8-ft. single No. 221 had been rebuilt, and the boiler was fitted with a circulating pipe leading from underneath the front ring of the barrel to the bottom of the firebox. It  was also fitted with balanced slide valves.

New L. & Y. 10-wheelers. 101
Ten of these huge engines had now been completed, their numbers running consecutively from 1392 to 1401. Nos. 1393, 1394, 1395 and 1400 were stationed at Newton Heath and No. 1392 at Southport; the others were not yet in regular service. These engines were having the tenders altered, the tanks being made the same width as the engine cab, and their capacity would be 2,290 gallons of water and 5½ tons of coal. No.1400's tender had already been so altered. Nos. 1392-1401: "ten-wheeler" normally associated with 4-6-0 rather than 4-4-2

New N.E.R. six-coupled express engines. 101
Two of these interesting engines had recently left the Gateshead shops. They had six coupled wheels of 6-ft. diameter and a leading bogie; their Nos. were 2001 and 2002. Worsdell 4-6-0

G.W.R. four-coupled bogie engines. 101
Four of Cotswold class completed at the Swindon works: Nos. 3318 Jupiter, 3320 Meteor, 3321 Mercury and 3322 Mersey.

Furness Ry. goods engines. 101
Six of Pettigrew's new goods engines illustrated in our last Issue were at work, numbered 7 to 12, and had been built by Nasmyth, Wilson & Co. Six more were to be built by Sharp, Stewart & Co.

L.B. & S.C. R. mixed traffic tanks. 101
The two last of these just turned out from the Brighton works differ from the previous ones in being painted the standard passenger engine colour. They were numbered and named 487 Fishergate and 488 Oakwood, the former being stationed. at Battersea and the latter at New Cross.

L. & N.W.R. "Jubilees". 101
The last three out were No. 1909 Crusader, No. 1910 Cavalier and No. 1911 Centurion. On the occasion of the visit of members of the Institution of Civil Engineers (including several locomotive superintendents) to Crewe on 8 June, the special train conveying them was drawn by No. 1903 Iron Duke (driver Cookson). It consisted of 14 vehicles, weighing empty 329 tons 5 cwt., and leaving Euston at 09;50 reached the Locomotive Offices at Crewe at 13.02, having covered the 159 miles without a stop at an average of just 50 m.p.h. The return journey was even better, Crewe works being left at 16.45 and Euston reached at 19.52 p.m., with. a 2 min. stop at Willesden Junction.

The locomotives of the Great Northern Railway. 103-4. illus.
Confirmed MS index NRM:

G.C.R. six-coupled radial tank. 104.
0-6-2T No. 898 completed at Gorton.

American engines for the Port Talbot Co. 104.
Order with Cooke Locomotive Works for eight-coupled engines similar to nes being supplied to Barry Railway.

New engines for the Barry Railway. 105.
0-6-2T: Confirmed MS index NRM:

Reviews. 107

New mineral train rolling stock for the Caledonian Railway. 108
Class 812: verified CRA records (July Issue)

Six-wheels coupled goods engine, L.T.  & S. R.. 109. illus.
No. 49 illustrated: 0-6-0 tender goods locomotive:

Locomotive running. IV. 112-13.

The carriage and wagon department.  114

Vestibuled cars, G.C.R. 114. 2 illus.
Interior and exterior views of Great Central Railway buffet car: features included automatic couplers and electric lighting.

Number 44 (August)

Railway notes. 118.

New M.R. locos. 118.
The first of the Baldwin Moguls, No. 2510 (WN 16631) came out on 21 June, and since then Nos. 2506, 2502 and 2505 (WN 16627, 16623 and 16626) had been put to work. They were employed on coal trains been Toton and London. Nos. 2461 to 2469, standard 6-coupled tender engines, had been delivered by Neilson, Reid & Co., whilst R. Stephenson & Co. had supplied eight 6-coupled side tank engines numbered 2361 to 2368.

G.W.R. 4-coupled bogie engines. 118.
Nos. 3323 Mendip, 3324 Quantock, and 3326 St. Austell, were latest out of the  Cotswold class. The Bulldog has had volute springs fitted to the trailing wheels, and ordinary screw reversing gear. To cover the latter the R. H. [right hand] side of the cab had been extended forward.

New G.E.R. goods engines. 118.
Fifteen six-coupled tender engines had been turned out from Stratford works, numbered 507 to 521. They were nearly similar to the 900 class, but had telescopic boilers with a pressure of 160 psi and cylinders cast in one. They were all fitted with steam brake.

G.N.R. locos. 118.
Of the new standard goods engines now being built at Doncaster the following have been already turned out, Nos. 343, 344, 345, 348, 349, 350 and 351. Another of the 6-ft. 6-in. four-coupled engines, No. 707, had been rebuilt with new standard boiler and cab.

The Winsford accident. 118.
On Saturday night 1 July 1899 the driver of L. & N.W.R engine No. 940 on a goods train in a siding at Winsford appeared to have mistaken the signal that was off for the North express goods for his own, with the result that he ran into the buffer stops and fouled the main line. Engine No. 901 Hero on the express goods collided with the derailed wagons, and to complete the destruction engine No. 1243, drawing an excursion train to Shrewsbury, ran into the wreckage, 30 wagons and one passenger coach being smashed to pieces, and several persons injured.

L. & N.W.R. Jubilees. 118.
Further to those already announced in these columns, the following had now made their appearance: No. 1912 Colossus, No. 1913 Canopus, and No. 1914 Invincible.

New S.E. and L.C. & D.R. engines. 118.
Nos. 132, 186 and 189 had been built at Ashford, and were the latest standard South Eastern type (No. 440 class). No. 4 had been turned out from Longhedge, and was the usual L.C. & D.R. four-coupled bogie type [4-4-0], but had number plates painted red, and was fitted with both vacuum and air pressure brakes. Some six-coupled goods engines, as well as four-coupled tank engines, had been ordered from contract firms for these railways.

L.B. & S.C.R. mixed traffic tanks. 118.
The two last out of this class were 489 Bohemia and 490 Boxgrove. Like their immediate predecessors, they were painted the standard. passenger engine colour.

G.C.R. 6-coupled radial tanks. 118.
The latest of these from the Gorton Works is No. 899. Nos. 894 and 895 had been painted the standard green and lined as usual.

The locomotives of the Great Northern Railway. 118-19
Confirmed MS index NRM.

Oil-burning locomotives in the East. 120-1. 3 illustrations
Selangor Government Railways 4-4-0T (with 3ft 3in coupled wheeels and 10 x 16in cylinders fitted with Holden system of oil firing under direction of C. Wilson, Locomotive Superintendent. 4-4-0T Lady Clementi illustrated.

Six-coupled radial saddle tank, Brecon & Merthyr Railway. 121
0-6-2ST: buiilt Vulcan Foundry WN 1405-6: 17 x 24in cylinders.

L. & Y. R. engine with G.N.R. tender. 122. illustration
Photograph of No. 318 fitted with GNR tender to enable this Aspinall 4-4-0, to work express trains between Leeds and Peterborough which lacked water troughs

An old American locomotive. 122. illustration
Photograph of replica of 4-2-0 which worked on Seaboard and Roanoke, later Seaboard Air-line which stood in the grounds of its workshops at Portsmouth, Virginia: picture supplied by W.T. Reed, chief of motive power.

Great Western Railway expresses. 124. jllustration

The race to Atlantic City. 124.

Four-coupled bogie tank, Caledonian Railway. 125. illustration
104 class for Cathcart Circle and Balerno branch. Photograph of 0-4-4T No. 111.

Compound  tank locomotive for the Chinese Eastern Railway. 126

Automatic couplings. E.E. Russell Tratman.127 
Letter

The carriage and wagon department. 130-

An Indian Rajah's railway cars. 130. illustration.

Suburban car, Belgian State Rys. 130. illustration.

Oil tank wagon, B.S.R. 130. illustration.

Reviews. 132

Le service actuel des trains rapides. Camille Barbey. Librairie Georg & Co.
Swiss writer's observations on the express locomotives used in Switzerland, France, Belgium and Great Britain during a tour made in 1897-8.

Correspondence. 132

Number 45 (September 1899)

Railway notes. 133.

New G.N.R. locomotives.133
Nine standard goods engines had been turned  from the shops at Doncaster, their numbers being 352, 353. 359, 360, 361, 362, 363, 364 and 367. Two more condensing side tanks of the 1501 class had also been completed, and are numbered 1511 and 1512.

New Midland locomotives. 133
The ten Mogul engines from the Baldwin Works, Nos. 2501 to 2510, had all been put in service, and a further instalment was expected. Of the standard six-coupled goods tender engines, Neilson, Reid & Co, had delivered Nos. 2461 to 2470, and Kitson & Co. Nos. 2391 to 2393, whilst Stephenson & Co. had delivered standard six-coupled side tanks Nos. 2361 to 2375.

G.W.R. express engines. 133.
The following engines of the Cotswold class had left Swindon works: Nos. 3325 St. Colurnb, 3327 Somerset, 3328 Severn, 3329 Thames, and 3330 Vulcan. Of these Nos. 3328, 3329 and 3330 were provided with Belpaire fireboxes.

Photographs of locomotives. 133
Principally of London and North-Western Ry. and American roads, had been loaned by A.M.H. Solomon from his collection to the Science and Art Department, and were on view in the Machinery and Inventions section ot the Victoria and Albert Museum, South Kensington.

M. & S. W. J. Ry, engines. 133.
Beyer, Peacock & Co. had supplied two six-coupled inside cylinder tender engines of the usual British type, except that the trailing axle was brought closer up to the driving axle, and the firebox carried over the former.

G.C.R. engines. 133
Another six-coupled. radial side tank: 0-6-2T, No. 900,  was out from Gorton, and painted grey.

L. & Y. R. ten wheeelers. 133
Two more 4-4-2 had been put to work: numbers 1402 and 1403.

Cambrian Rys. Tank engine. 133.
Nasmyth, Wilson & Co. had delivered another tank engine similar to those last mentioned, which is numbered 23

Fire at the Hyde Park Locomotive Works. 133
Neilson, Reid & Co. was the scene of an alarming conflagration on 2 August which resulted in the destruction of the template shop and its contents, but was fortunately stopped before attacking the paint shop adjoining. We understand it will not interfere with the output of locomotives from the Hyde Park Works.

New G.E.R. locomotives. 133
Five further six-coupled tender engines had been built at Stratford, similar to Nos. 507 to 521, except that they had cast steel wheels with balance weights cast solid. with the spokes, and were fitted with apparatus for working both Westinghouse air-pressure and automatic vacuum brakes. They were numbered 640 to 644. and painted in the standard passenger engine style.

Six-coupled bogie tank locomotive, Donegal Railway.  136. illus.
4-6-0T No. 4 Meenglas. Supplied Neilson Reid & Co. of Hyde Park Works, Glasgow. 3 ft gauge; 3ft 6in coupled wheels; 14 x 20in cylinders; 9.75 ft2; total heating surface 604 ft2

The locomotives of the Great Northern Railway. 139-40
Confirmed MS index NRM.

Six-coupled bogie exporess engine, N.E.R. 141. illustraion.
W. Worsdell S class 4-6-0: Nos. 2001 and 2002 (with short cab). Intended to obviate double-heaading on Scottish expresses. Further data on dimensions p. 160.

Our coloured supplement. 141
Showed Holden oil-fired 4-2-2 type used on Cromer expresses: F. Moore coloured folding plate.

Mogul engines for the Midland Railway. 142. 2 illustrations.
Built by Schenectady Locomotive Works: differences from Baldwin series: photographs inside cab view and side view

Locomotive running.  143-4.

Austrian mogul locomotive. 143-4. illustration

Number 46 (October)

Railway notes. 149.

N.E.R.express engines. 149
Two express engines of a new type had been built at Gateshead. They had inside cylinders, four-coupled drivers 6-ft. 10-in. diameter, and a leading bogie. The cab was the usual Worsdell pattern, the splashers being similar to No. 1619. The boiler is very large and high pitched. The engine numbers are 2011 and 2012.

G.C.R. tank engines. 149
Two more ot the new six-coupled radial tank engines have just appeared, their numbers are 901 and 902.

L.B. & S.C.R. locos. 149.
Another of the 5-ft. six-coupled radial tank engines had been built at Brighton, it was numbered and named 491 Hangleton. Nos. 508 and 510, of the D 3 class, had been renumbered 608 and 610 respectively.

New wind cutters on the P.L.M. 149
Company had built at Paris more four-coupled bogie express engines fitted with wind cutters, but more powertul than the previous ones. They were numbered C61 to C64, and have 6-ft. 7-in drivers and cylinders 13½-in. and 21½-in. by 24½-in.

American engines for the G.N.R. 149
Some of the Mogul engines built at the Baldwin works, Philadelphia, for the GNR had arrived and taken to Ardsley, to be put together; and were expected to be in service shortly.

New rolling stock, N.E.R. 149
The first twelve wheel sleeping car built for use on the East Coast route was put into service on the 6 September 1899. The car, built at York shops, was of the same dimensions as the standard 4-wheel bogie type, viz., 54-ft. long and 9-ft. wide. The berths were of the transverse type, and fitted up in the usual high-class manner so characteristic of East Coast stock, and had large windows on the corridor side. The last two Pullman sleeping cars of the East Coast joint stock had been condemned, and new English cars were to replace them.

G.W.R. locos. 149.
No. 3331 Weymouth completed the series of the Cotswold class built at Swindon. Like the preceding three engines, No. 3331 had a Belpaire firebox.

M. & S.W.J. Ry. locos. 149
Beyer, Peacock & Co., had delivered four more six-coupled tender goods engines to this railway, completing the order for six; these locomotives were numbered 19 to 24.

L. & N.W.R. four-cylinder compounds. 149..
Latest of these famous engines were No. 1915 Implacable, No. 1916 Irresistible, No. 1917 Inflexible, and No. 1918 Renown. Since 7 August No. 1911 Centurion had been running the 2 p.m. corridor train, which has for so long been taken by the well-known Jeanie Deans.

The Bethnal Green accident. 149
Early on Tuesday morning, 29 August 1899 the 17.10 goods train ex Peterborough, GER, drawn by engine No. 699, ran into a local goods train, with engine No. 263, at Bethnal Green Junction. Both engines were very badly damaged and a large number ot goods wagons destroyed, the traffic being blocked for about 12 hours.

The locomotives of the Great Northern Railway. 150-2. 7 diagrams
Figures 45-51: 0-4-4WT No. 244; 0-4-2WT No. 18; 0-4-2v No. 6; 2-4-0 No. 79; 2-2-2 No. 90; 0-6-0ST No. 139A and 0-4-2 No. 160A.

Six-coupled bogie compound, C. de F. de L'Ouest. 152.  illustration

179 Class, four-coupled bogie engine, Caledonian Railway. 153. illustration
Brittain Oban Bogie 4-4-0 built by Dubs & Co. in 1882

Oil-burning tank engine for the Burma Railways. 153-4. . illustration
Neilson, Reid & Co. 4-4-4T with 14 x 20in outside cylinders, Joy valve gear and Holden oil fuel system

Six-coupled side tank, Swedish State Rys. 154. illustration
Supplied by Richmond Locomotive Works. Outside-cylinder 0-6-0T

The Henley mishap. 154-5.. illustration
Henley-in-Arden GWR branch: 07.00 passengeer train from Birmingham hauled by No. 3556 hit buffer stops without causing serious injury

American-built locomotives for France. 155. .illustration
Typical Baldwin 4-40 design supplied to C. de F.  d' Etat

Four coupled express engine, G.C.R. 156. .illustration, diagram
Thomas Parker 2-4-0 of 1887. Performance of No. 79 on a Manchester Central to Aintree race day special on 6 November 1888. Gradient and speed profiles

An old Cornish viaduct.  plate facing page 157

Six-coupled engine, G.E.R. 157. illustration
Holden 0-6-0 Nos. 640-9 fitted with Westinghouse brake (No. 644 illustrated) In addition Nos. 640-4 fitted with automatic vacuum brake for working passenger trains. Painted standard engine blue.

Our picture plate. "An old Cornish viaduct". 157
College Wood on Falmouth branch: Brunel timber viaduct

Reviews. 157.

La machine locomotive. Ed. Sauvage. Paris. Librairie Polytechnique. 3rd edition

New express engines for the Pennsyhlvania R.R. 158. .illustration
4-4-2 which text refers to fitted with a "Belpaire firebox": in actualiity it is a camelback fitted with a Wootton firebox with a 69.23 ft2 grate area

Beira narrow gauge railway locomotives. 158-9. illustration
Beira to Umtali line built to 2ft gauge, but being converted to 3ft 6in gauge. A 2ft gauge 4-40 is illustrated: freight was worked by 4-6-0 type. Both types werer supplied by Falcon Engine and Carriage Works of Loughborough

Narrow gauge railway, Horwich. 159. illustration

The new North Eastern Railway express engines. 160.
4-6-0 illustrated on page 141. Cylinders 20 x 26in; 6ft 1¼in coupled wheels; 1768.86 ft2 total heating surface; 23ft2 grate area; 200 psi boiler pressure.

Locomotive running — VII. 160-1.
Broken coupling rods, broken springs, broken axles

The carriage and wagon department.  162-

New bogie saloon, Furness Railway. 162. illustration
To accomodate eighteen first class passengers accompanied by an attendant and guard. Fitted with revolving chairs.

New rolling stock for the G.N.R. 162-3.
62 feet long dining car, fitted with automatic couplers and Pullman gangways and suitable for either first or third class diners.

Goods brake, L. B. & S. C. R.  163. illustration
Very short (9ft 9in) wheelbase

New goods wagon, G. W. R. 163. diagram (side & end elevations)
Fitted with patented brake designed by L.R. Thomas

New S. E. & L. C. D. R. stock. 163
Tops and around windows LCDR colour; bodies SER livery.

Number 47 (November 1899)

Railway notes. 165

New G.N.R. locos. 165.
Four more 6-ft. 6-in. four-coupled bogie express engines of the 1321 class had been built at Doncaster, numbered 1336 to 1339. From same shops also had appeared three ten-wheeled condensing side tanks [0-8-2T], Nos. 1513 to 1515, and four standard six-coupled goods engines, Nos. 368, 371, 375 and 381, completing an order for 20. Ten of the Mogul engines trom the Baldwin Works had arrived at Ardsley, numbered 1181 to 1190: three had been put into service.

New Midland Ry. locos. 165..
The second ten Mogul engines built by the Baldwin Works, Nos. 2521 to 2530 were all at work, and the third ten were being put together at Derby. Of the standard six-coupled tender engines Kitson & Co. had delivered Nos. 2391 to 2403 (WN 3833 to 3845), whilst Neilson, Reid & Co. had delivered Nos. 2461 to 2473 (WN 5572 to 5584), and from R. Stephenson & Co. there had been received standard six-coupled side tank engines numbered 2361 to 2385 (WN 2931 to 2955). Six Moguls from the Schenectady Locomotive Works had been put in service, Nos. 2511, 2512, 2513, 2515, 2519 and 2520, the remaining four would follow shortly. Additional standard four-coupled bogie express engines with piston valves had been built at Derby numbered 67 to 69, 151, 152 and 165 to 167, whilst Beyer, Peacock and Co. had delivered No. 74, of the same type .

L.B. & S.C.R. six-coupled radial side tank. 165. 
Latest from the Brighton Works was No. 492 Jevington.

North London Ry. standard passenger tanks. 165.
Two more had been built at Bow Works numbered 89 and 90.

L. & N.W.R. engines. 165.
Two more of the four cylinder compound express engines had come out, No. 1919 Resolution, and No. 1920 Flying Fox, completing the order. So successful had these already famous engines proved that an additional order for ten had been given. Nos. 1901 and 1902 were stationed at Edge Hill and worked between Livepool and York. Ten more eight-coupled three cylinder compounds had also been finished and were numbered 1861 to 1870.

G.W.R. locos. 165.
Four new tanks for Metropolitan service had been built at Swindon, and were of the same type as the 3561 class with increased tank capacity; their numbers were 3591 to 3594. No. 3211, one of the 6-ft. four-coupled outside framed engines, had been rebuilt with a Belpaire firebox.

G.C.R. six-coupled radial tanks. 165.
Two more of this class had been built at Gorton, and were numbered 903 and 904. Nos. 896 to 898 had been painted the standard green and lined out as usual.

The L. & Y. ten-wheelers. 165.
The order for 20 ten-wheeled express engines had been completed at Horwich, and 15 were actually in service, Nos. 1393, 1394, 1395, 1396, 1398 and 1402 being stationed at Newton Heath; Nos. 1392, 1397, 1399 and 1401 at Soutbport; and Nos. 1403, 1404, 700 and 702 at Liverpool. The Nos. of the remaining five were 708, 711, 718, 735 and 737.

G.E.R. goods engines. 165.
Five more six-coupled tender goods engines of the 507 class had been turned out at Stratford works. They were fitted with steam brake and numbered 522 to 526.

The locomotives of the Great Northern Railway. 166-7
Confirmed MS index NRM.

7-ft coupled express engines, Caledonian Railway. 168.
Verified CRA records (November Issue)

The DX goods engines. L. & N. W. R. 169-70. illustration, table
Table lists names originally fitted to this Ramsbottam class 0-6-0

The steam locomotives of the Central London Railway. 173.
No. 2 illustrated. Fitted with Holden oil-burning system.

Our picture plate: a "Mogul" on the Midland. 173.

South African locomotives. 174-5. 4 illus.
Includes photographs of 0-6-4T and an Orange Free State Railways 4-6-0

Locomotive running — VIII. 176-7.
Failures in motion: fore gear rod, reversing shaft, valve spindle, quadrant link and slide valve.

The carriage and wagon department. 178-

Mail car on G.N.R. Ireland. 178. illustration.
Includes photograph of bogie 45 ft long mail coach with pick up apparatus and electric lighting built under Park in 1892.

Open II class car, Uetliberg Ry. 178. illustration
Very light four wheel vehile for operation on a steeply-graded  (1 in 14) line near Zurich

Vestibuled car, Austrian State Rys. 179. illustration

Great Western Ry. Co. 179
Improved form of communication linked to vacuum brake

An Imperial train. 179
Train for Czar and Czarina to travel from Kiel to Darmstadt

A change in rolling stock. 179
Lehigh Valley Railroad sold its 12,000 four wheel coal wagons of 6-ton capacity and replaced them with 1000 35-ton capacity and 1000 45-ton capacity.

Number 48 (December 1899)

Railway notes. 181

New Midland Ry. locos. 181.
A considerable addition has been made to the locomotive stock of the M. R. since our last issue. The ten Schenectady Moguls, Nos. 2511 to 2520 (WN 5037- 5046), had been put in service, whilst of the Baldwin Moguls four engines of the third series, Nos. 2531, 2532, 2537 and 2538 (WN 16960, 16961, 16984 and 16985) were at work. Additional standard goods engines had been received from Kitson & Co., Nos. 2404 to 2409 (WN 3846 to 3851), and from Neilson, Reid & Co., Nos. 2474 to 2480 (WN 5585 to 5591), and standard six-coupled tank engines from R. Stephenson & Co., Nos. 2386 to 2390 (WN 2956 to 2960), these completing the order. Two more four-coupled bogie express engines with piston valves, Nos. 168 and 169, had been built at Derby, whilst of the same class Sharp, Stewart & Co. had delivered Nos. 2421 to 2430 (WN 4539 to 4548).

G.N.R. engines. 181.
Ten Baldwin Moguls, Nos. 1181 to 1190, were at work, as were the ten-wheeled side tank engines [0-8-2T] for metropolitan service, Nos. 1511 to 1520. The order tor ten four-coupled bogie engines [4-4-0] of the 1321 class had been completed at Doncaster, their numbers being 1336 to 1340 and 1361 to 1365. These engines had cast iron chimneys, but of the same form as the wrought iron ones. Two more of the 7-ft. 6-in. singles, Nos. 871 and 233, and a 6-ft. 6-in. four-coupled No. 819 had been rebuilt with new standard boiler, cab, etc. The G.N.R. having now commenced a service of goods trains to Manchester via Colwick and the Midland Ry. route, the engines working on this service were being fitted with an extra lamp iron on the smokebox door. No. 990, which has been for some time past stationed at Doncaster, had been fitted with hoods for taking indicator diagrams, and had a speed indicator fixed to work trom the right leading bogie wheel.

New express locomotives for the M. & G.N. Jt. Ry. 181.
Some four-coupled bogie engines [4-4-0] of the standard Mid. Ry. type with piston valves had been delivered by Beyer, Peacock & Co., and were numbered 74 to 78 WN 4066 to 4070). No. 74 was erroneously given as a Mid. Ry. engine last month.

Metropolitan Ry, shunting engine. 181.
Peckett & Sons, of the Atlas Locomotive Works, Bristol, had completed for the Met. Ry. another of their well-known six-coupled saddle tank engines. It was numbered 102, and is exactly like No. 101 built two years ago.

L. & N. W. R. locos.. 181.
Ten new six-coupled radial tank engines [0-6-2T] of the 1560 class had been turned out from Crewe and numbered 29, 76,80, 115, 118, 167, 182, 189, 194 and 235, whilst the following standard 18-in. cylinder goods engines had also been put in service, Nos. 1232, 1234, 1235, 1238, 1239, 1244, 1246, 1270, 1275 and 2008. It is stated that a further order for ten four-cylinder compound express engines had been given. and that one of them will be sent to the Paris Exhibition.

The new N.E.R. four-coupled express engines. 181.
No. 2015 had been put to wurk, and, unlike Nos. 2011 to 2014, which ran at first in lead colour, was painted green and lined and lettered in the usual style.

The locomotives of the Great Northern Railway. 182-3
Continued from page 167. Stirling activity in 1874. Continued next Volume p. 2

The Weston-Super-Mare, Clevedon & Portishead Light Railway. 184-6.
Change of name from Tramway to Light Railway. Cattle grids at level crossings (illustrated); 2-2-2T Clevedon

Locomotives of the C. de F. P.L.M. 186-7.

Passenger locomotive, Imperial Chinese Railways. 187. illus.
4-4-0 supplied by Dubs & Co. of Glasgow.

Railway ferries on Lake Constance. 188-9. illus., map

The late Mr J. I'A Cudworth. 190. illus.
Includes brief biography of James I'Anson Cudworth born in Darlington in 1817, his career on the South Eastern Railway until his retirement in 1876 and photographs of Sharp 2-2-2 of 1851 and Dubs 2-4-0 named Joan of Arc.

Mogul engines for the G.N.R. 191. illus.
Messrs Burnham Williams & Co. of the Baldwin Locomotive Works, Philadelphia, had recently constructed for the Great Northern Railway some of their well known Mogul engines, ten of which, Nos. 1181 to 1190, were in service. They were practically identical with those delivered eearlier to the Midland Ry., but a comparison of the accompanying illustration with that given in our June number will show a few differences in detail. Most noticeable of these is the placing of the dome on the second instead of the third ring of the boiler barrel and the absence of the sandbox on the top. Instead of the latter a sandbox of the usual British type had been fitted under the running board just behind the slide bars, delivering sand in front of the first instead of the second pair of coupled wheels as on the Midland engine. The whistle is placed so as to be above the cab windows, whilst the chimney and lamp irons follow the standard G.N.R. practice. The tender differs from that ot the Midland Moguls in the railings round the coping. and the painting and lettering are in the usual G.N.R. style.

G.C.R. locomotives. 191
Two more 6-coupled radial tanks [0-6-2T] had been turned out and numbered 905 and 906. Some large single wheelers were under construction at Gorton Works.

Royal Special. 191
On the the Queen's visit to Bristol on 15 November 1899, the royal train was worked by engine No. 3292 Badminton, whilst No. 3050 Royal Sovereign acted as pilot in advance.

Our picture plate. One of the old brigade. 191 + plate with December Issue
[No. 3074 2-4-0]: an old survivor of a well-known type of locomotive on the L. & N. W. R., known as the Crewe goods, built from designs by Mr. Allan at Crewe works from 1843 to 1857. The drivers were 5-ft. diameter and the cylinders 15-in. by 20-in., whilst the weight in working order was approximately 20 tons. Some of these engines were rebuilt as tank engines, and were running like the one represented until quite a recent date. Our photograph shows the engine in practically its original condition with the exception of the standard L. & N. W. R. chimney and the weatherboard on the tender.

G.W.R. locomotives. 191
Four more tank engines of the 3561 class entered service, numbered 3595. 3596, 3597 and 3599. The old 7-ft. single, No. 1125, had been rebuilt with Belpaire firebox. A new express engine had also been turned out having wheels, framing and motion the same as the Bulldog, and boiler and cab like the Waterford, but the smokebox was of the American type, elongated and supported on a saddle. The chimney was cast iron and placed in the centre of the smokebox, the latter having a hopper to let out the ashes whilst running. It had a combination name and number plate on the side of the cab containing the coat of arms in lacquered brass, and an ordinary number plate on the smokebox, its number being 3352 and name Camel. Owing to the scarcity of goods engines several had been put to work after repairs painted lead colour.

Troops for the Transvaal. 192. illus.
Extra traffic for railways especially LSWR and GER as troops mobilised for War in South Africa were transported to Southampton or one of the London docks, including Royal Albert and Tilbury, for embarkation for South Africa. Photograph of LSWR train with reporting number hauled by 0-6-0 No. 87. Includes report of activity by LNWR  at Crewe on behalf of Cheshire Regiment..

The largest locomotive in the world. 192.
Brooks Locomotive Works construction of eight-coupled loomotive for Illinois Central Railroad with 23 x 30 inch coupled wheels (4ft 9in); 210 psi boiler pressure, Belpaire firebox with a grate area of 37.5 ft2 and a total heating surface of 3500 ft2

Locomotive running — IX. 193-5.
Lubrication: mineral oil,  tallow, mixtures of vegetable and mineral oils, blacklead, oil cups, trimmings

The South Eastern & Chatham Ry. 195
New company name and livery. LCDR locomotives renumbered by addition of 495.

The carriage and wagon department. 196-7

Sleeping car, International Car Co. 196. illus.

A new wagon coupling. 196.
Invention by T. Eaglesfield of the Midland Railway to nable link and hook couplings to be connected and disconnected without usin a shunting pole.

Passenger cars, Lynton and Barnstaple Ry, 197. 2 illus.
Bogie coaches supplied by the Bristol Carriage & Wagon Works description and two photographs.

Christmas Supplement:  The British Express bocomotlve during the Victorian Era.

1837. GOOCH'S SINGLE.-The opening of the Great Western Railway, on the 7-ft. gauge, was contemporaneous with the commencement of the Victorian Era and its first locomotive, the" North Star," certainly embodied the latest improvements to that date. It was built by Messrs. R. Stephenson & Co. 1838.

BURY'S SINGLE.-The illustration is of one of the celebrated four-wheelers, built for the London and Birmingham Railway, which were much in vogue for some years from this date onwards. The bar-framing and domed firebox were perhaps their most noteworthy characteristics.

1842. STEPHENSON'S LONG-BOILER ENGINE.- The example shown may be taken as typical of a large number of engines first built about this date by the Messrs. Stephenson. All the wheels were placed between the firebox and smoke box, and the rear pair were the drivers in the case of the express engines.

1846. SHARP'S SINGLE.-Possibly no design of engine has been built for so many different railways as this. For a number of years after that named, Messrs. Sharp Bros. were delivering these engines, popularly known as " Sharpies," to nearly every railway in the Kingdom.

1851. CRAMPTON'S SINGLE.- This engine, shown in the Great Exhibition in Hyde Park in this year, was constructed on one of the late Mr. T. R. Crampton's patents for the South Eastern Railway, the inside cylinders driving a dummy crank shaft which was coupled to the single driving wheels in the rear. A number of engines of this type were built, but never seem to have been very popular.

1853. PEARSON'S SINGLE T ANK.- These remarkable engines, designed by Mr. Pearson for running the express trains on the Bristol and Exeter Railway, not only had the largest driving wheels of any tank- engine ever built, but also the largest of any locomotive that did any practically useful work.

1862. MCCONNELL'S" BIG BLOOMER. -In the London Exhibition of 1862 one of the handsomest engines shown was Mr. McConnell's splendid exhibit commonly known by the above nickname. Mr. McConnell was one of the earliest advocates of high-pressure steam, and like most of his design the L. & N. W. R. engine under notice carried 150-lbs. pressure.

1864. OUTSIDE CYLINDER SINGLE.-The six-wheeled single which has outside cylinders, and outside bearings to the leading and trailing wheels, made its appearance about this period on a number of different railways, and a great number were built, but except a few of more modern design on the G.C.R. it is now almost extinct. The example shown is a Highland Railway Engine.  (S. Forbes)

1869. INSIDE CYLINDER SINGLE.- This engine, built for the G. W. R., it will be noticed is a reversion to the North Star type, but with modern boiler, cab, etc., and like its outside cylinder contemporary, was largely huilt at the time, but now finds very little favour, and exists only on two or three railways.

1879. No. 254 G.E.R.-During the seventies the single wheeler was being gradually discarded for heavy main line work, but two railways at least built some fine examples like our illustration, having outside cylinders and a leading bogie, which did some excellent work until overloaded by the increased weight of modern rolling stock.

1886. No. 123 C.R.- This famous engine was exhibited at Edinburgh in 1886, and is an inside cylinder variety of the preceding type. which, strange to say, first appeared in Ireland. It is practically typical of all modern singles, but the Caledonian engine will always be remembered for the part it took in the Race to Edinburgh of 1888.  (S. Forbes)

1899. No. 266 G.N.R.- The latest design of single engine is here shown, and forms a striking contrast with the small boiler engines which preceded it. Although so recently constructed this engine has already earned a name for the excellent work it has performed. (R. St. J.Willans)

THE WORLD'S FAMOUS RAILWAY TRAINS.

Now International railway travel has become such a common feature of everyday life, a few photographs of some of the better known trains of the World cannot fail to prove acceptable, and we have pleasure in reproducing a small miscellany of pictures taken by various friends at home and abroad. On our title page will be found a small illustration of the Vienna to Venice Express over the Austrian State Railways running between Leoben and Pontafel in the Carnic Alps. The train is drawn by one of the heavy compound engines with Polonceau type of boiler. Beneath this picture we give a view of one of the handsome Vestlbuled Restaurant Car Trains of the Great Eastern Railway with one of their well-known oil-burning locomotives attached.

Referring to the main pages of our book, we will describe the illustrations in the same order as they appear. The Union Line Express of the L. & S. W. Ry. is shown passing Swaythling with two engines ahead-the first an outside-cylindered four-coupled, and the second, one of the latest inside-cylindered express engines.

The Black Diamond Express of the Lehigh Valley Railway of America forms the subject of our second picture. This express is one of the palatial trains running between New York and Buffalo, covering the 448 miles of this route in 9¾ hours.

The Imperial Rallwaya of Japan next claim attention—one of their regular passenger trains being shown standing at a wayside station just outside Tokio,

The Paris-Reims Express of the Eastern of France Railway, taken whilst running at full speed near Fiorne. This train leaves Paris at 8.20 a.m. and arrives at Reims at 10.16 a.m; there is no stop, and the distance is 156 kilometres. The engine is of the four-coupled bogie type with Flaman boiler.

The Folkestone Boat Train of the South Eastern Ry., photographed near Chislehurst, with passengers for all parts of the Continent, and often the World forms the next picture, and following this we have the famous Sud-Express of the International Express Co., shown on its run over the Paris-Orleans system bound for Madrid and Lisbon, a through journey, performed twice a week, of 1,316 miles.

One of the most recent additions to English locomotive types is represented in the next photograph hauling the Blackpool Express of the Lancs. & Yorks. Ry. It is picking up water on the Lostock troughs.

The Baltimore & Ohio Ry. of the United States have a fine service of trains running between Washington, Philadelphia and New York known as the Royal Blue Line, from the distinctive colour of the cars employed. One of the expresses of this service figures in our picture running at full speed with an anthracite burning compound 4-coupled express engine. Following the Yankee we show one of the rival British trains picking up water near Bushey. It is the 10.15 a.m. from Euston bound north for Liverpool and Manchester and hauled by engines No. 1434 Eunomia and No. 87 Proserpine.

Next we give a view of one of the magnificent Canadian Pacific Trans-Contlnental Expresses running between Montreal and Vancouver, a distance of 2,906 miles, covered now in 99¾ hours. These trains are luxuriously equipped, and the passenger can enjoy his trip across the American Continent with all the comforts of a first-class hotel. A Special Sleeping Car Train of the New South Wales Government Rys. running between Sydney and Albury, a distance of 386 miles, is represented in the second picture on this page. This run occupies  11 hours 35 min.; unfortunately a break of gauge occurs at Albury, which necessitates transhipment for passengers travelling to Melbourne.

One of the new Buffet Car Expresses of the Great Central Ry., photographed passing Northwood on its journey from Manchester to London, next claims attention. The excellent arrangements of these trains, with their automatic couplers, vestibuled connections and modern fittings are no doubt by this time familiar to our readers. A competing train on the Midland Ry. running near Hendon follows the above, it is drawn by one of their fine single bogie express engines.

The Ostend-Vienna Express cif the International Car Co. is depicted near Ostend with one of the express engines of the Chemins de fer de l'Etat Belge in front. This train, composed of baggage cars, sleepers and a dining car, runs daily to Vienna and once weekly to Trieste.

On our last page will be found a small photograph showing the Bale to Paris Vestibuled Corridor Car Express of the Eastern Ry. crossing the frontier of Switzerland into Alsace-Lorraine. The house is the first in German territory. the frontier post being exactly opposite the engine. The second interesting little picture is of the Stockholm Express of the Swedish State Rys. passing Degerfors Station in Varmland. The curious spark catcher at the base of the engine chimney will be noticed. Finally, we have the through London, Paris, Bale, Milan and Rome Express shown on its run over the Gothard route near Lucerne with one of that railway's heavy six-coupled express engines in front.

Our Coloured Supplement shows the 10 a.m. "Flying Scotchman" of the East Coast route running near Hadley Wood on the Great Northern main line hauled by two engines—an inside-cylindered express leading and one of the famous 8-ft. singles following.

For permission to reproduce photograph: F.W. Blauvelt, C.M. Doncaster, Roy Sellon, F. Gendermann, R. St. J.Willans, and T.F. Budden,