Artists (mainly but not exclusively of posters)
see also architects
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Documents about

Cole, Beverley. Hints for holidays. Railway World, 1991, November, 32-5. 8 illustrations (mainly colour)

Cole, Beverley and Guild of Railway Artists' Along artistic lines: two centuries of railway art. Penryn: Atlantic Press, 2003. 127pp. landscape format

Cole, Beverley and Durack, Richard. Railway posters, 1923-1947 from the Collection of the National Railway Museum, York. London: Laurence King, 1992. 160pp.

D.C.H. Watts. Railway poster advertising, circa 1900-39. Part One: Debate over poster display and design. J. Rly Canal Hist. Soc., 2001, 33 , 531-53

Wilson, Roger Burdett
Go Great Western: a history of G.W.R. publicity, Newton Abbot:. David & Charles Ltd., 198pp. Extensively illustrated.
Reviewed by John Norris in J. Rly Canal Hist. Soc., 1971, 17, 40


Angrave, Bruce
Born in Leicester in 1914; died 1983. Studied at Chiswick Art School, Ealing School of Art and Central College of Art, Book illustrator and poster artist. For poster of Cromer see Emblin Backtrack, 2014, 28, 356. See also Cole and Durack...

Aumonier, Aubrey Eric Stacey
Born at Northwood in 1899 and died in 1946-Locomotive Magazine and Railway Carriage and Wagon Review Volume 23 (1917)74. Huguenot descent:: family specialised in ecclesiastical and other carving in wood and stone. Trained at Central School of Arts  and Crafts. Sculptures on 55 Broadway (former London Transport Headquarters, BBC building  and the Archer figure at East Finchley Underground station, also work associated with Norwich City Hall. Retired to New Zealand in 1968. Lawrence with portrait. Statue colour photgraph in Taylor ppage 205

Baker, Charles Henry Collins
Born in Ilminster on 24 January 1880. He was educated in Berkhamsted and the Royal Academy Schools. A landscape painter at the beginning of his career, he exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1907. Poster of Snowdonia in about 1933 for LMS (illustration in Cole and Durack). Died in Finchley on 3 July 1959

Baker, G.
Designed posters for GWR: rather colourless Southern Ireland depicted in Cole and Durack

Ball, Frank
Grange over Sands showing two females in bathing costumes in boat without oars at some distance from beach (should someone call RNLI) LMS poster of 1935 depicted in Cole and Durack

Barribal, William Henry
Born in 1874; died 1952. Painter, artist and former lithographer. Noted for his exquisite fashion work using his wife as a model for Vogue. Posters for LNER including glamorous Bridlington (illustration in Cole and Durack)

Barney, Gerald [Gerry]
Designed British Rail logo which graces every station and most railway tickets. It was created in 1964 by a 21 year old typeface designer

Bartlett, Robert
Scotland by the "Night Scotsman" LNER 1932 depicted in Cole and Durack (track gauge very wide)

Battley, Henry Harford
Of Canterbury. The historical articles on the locomotives of the L. B. & S. C. and G. E. Railways published in Locomotive Mag. Living at Bow in the 1860s he had many opportunities of observing the Eastern Counties, North London and Blackwall engines, and these he put on record by making small coloured drawings showing the differences in individual engines with great fidelity. Battley was a man of versatile tastes. Organs, their history, church music and mediaeval architecture were subjects in which he took a deep interest, and he was well skilled in music, frequently doing organist's duty in the churches of the city and surrounding villages. His death occurred on 24 December 1916 at the age of seventy. Locomotive Mag., 1917, 23, 46

Batty, Dora Margaret
Born in Colchester on 12 January 1891, the youngest of three daughters of Rev. Thomas Batty and Elizabeth Cooke Hopwood Batty. Her father, a Congregational minister, was pastor for 40 years at Stockwell Congregational Chapel in Colchester. She attended the Chelmsford School of Science and Art, where she won prizes. Batty designed posters for the Underground Group and for London Transport between 1921 and 1938, producing over 50 different designs in a variety of different styles; and Historic Bath for the Great Western in 1935 (and probably other designs). From 1932, she taught in the School of Textiles at the Central School of Arts and Crafts. In 1950, she was appointed the Head of School, a post she held until she retired in 1958. Batty also designed textiles for Helios and ceramics for the Poole Pottery and for Carter & Co, as well as advertisements for Mac Fisheries and K Shoes. She also worked as a book illustrator. She lived in London for many years, but died in Essex on 10 July 1966. Mainly Wikipedia plus Cole and Durack

Baynes, Thomas Mann
Born 1794; died 1876. Lithographer: opening of Canterbury & Whitstable Railway in 1830. See page 6 Michael Darby Early railway prints.

Beck, Henry Charles
Born in Leyton on 4 June 1902; died in Southampton (when normally resident in Fordingbridge) on 18 September 1974. Educated at Grove House School in Highgate. Sent to Italy to train a monumental sculptor. Married Nora Millington, a lady of independent means. Produced classic London Transport Underground map. ODNB obituary by Elizabeth Baigent. Memorial blue plaque at place of birthM see Humm J. Rly Canal Hist. Soc., 2015, 38, 252.

Bee, John Francis
Born in Wolverhampton in 1895. Painted carriage panels and posters for LNER and Norvic (posters). See Cole

Biais, Henri
French poster artist who worked jointly for Southern Railway and Chemin de Fer du Nord depicted in Cole and Durack

Birch, Samuel John "Lamorna"   
Born 7 June 1869 in Egremont, Wallasey.  RA, RWS who worked in oils and watercolours. At the suggestion of fellow artist Stanhope Forbes, Birch adopted the soubriquet "Lamorna" to distinguish himself from Lionel Birch, an artist who was also working in the area at that time. Buxton LMS posteer of 1924 depicted in Cole and Durack  Died: 7 January 1955.

Black, Montague Birrell
Born Stockwell, London on 29 March 1884. Educated Stockwell College. Did military and naval artwork. Poster artist and illustrator. Was artist war correspondent for Toronto Star 1939-45. Lived West Derby, Liverpool and Harrow, Middlesex. Was a White Star Line artist and was renowned for his map posters for the railways over many years. Produced posters for LNWR, M&GN, LNER, LMS, SR and BR Highly dramatic Spend Your Holidays in the Lake Distrct (oddly clad moutaineers on sharp rock pinnacle and Explore Lincolnshire (one of six classic map posters for the LNER). Both depicted in Cole and Durack

Blake, Frederick Donald
Born Greenock in 1908, but moved to London; died in 1997. Educated at Camberwell School of Art. During WW2 worked for Ministry of Information. See Cole

Bourne, John Cooke
Born in London on 1 September 1814. Apprenticed to John Pye, a London-based landscape engraver. Noted for portraying the London & Birmingham Railway under construction published as Drawings of the London & Birmingham Railway (Ottley 6465) and a similar collection of coloured lithographs: History and description of the Great Western Railway  (Ottley 5930). Died in February 1896, but his son did not die until 1962. From Jack Simmons entry in Oxford Companion: see also John van Laun John Cooke Bourne... Journal Rly Canal Hist. Soc., 2014 (219) 2 (first part of series). See also Beverley Cole's concise article in Backtrack, 2016, 30, 500-1 in which she shows the significance of his accurate depiction of the construction of the London & Birmingham Railway and the enormous scale of the civil engineering works. See also Michael Darby Early railway prints.. A David & Charles monochrome reprint received a somewhat cool review by ABM in Railway World, 1970, 31, 560.

Bradshaw. Lawrence Henderson
Born: 1 April 1899, Chester; died: 11 March 1978. Educated Liverpool College of Art as sculptor, printmaker, and artist. Bradshaw was a life-long socialist and joined the Communist Party of Great Britain in the 1930s, remaining a member for the rest of his life. Wikipedia King's Cross for Scotland; a c1930 poster for the LNER shows the Scott Monument rather like a rocket with two actors in front (a decade early for the Festival) Cole and Durack.

Brangwyn, Sir Frank William
Born in Bruges on 12 May 1867 – 11 June 1956) was a Welsh artist, painter, watercolourist, printmaker, illustrator, and designer. Brangwyn was an artistic jack-of-all-trades. As well as paintings and drawings, he produced designs for stained glass, furniture, ceramics, table glassware, buildings and interiors, was a lithographer and woodcutter and was a book illustrator. It has been estimated that during his lifetime Brangwyn produced over 12,000 works. His mural commissions would cover over 2,000 m2 of canvas, he painted over 1,000 oils, over 660 mixed media works (watercolours, gouache), over 500 etchings, about 400 wood-engravings and woodcuts, 280 lithographs, 40 architectural and interior designs, 230 designs for items of furniture and 20 stained glass panels and windows. Brangwyn received some artistic training, probably from his father, and later from Arthur Heygate Mackmurdo and in the workshops of William Morris, but he was largely an autodidact without a formal artistic education. When, at the age of seventeen, one of his paintings was accepted at the Royal Academy Summer Exhibition, he was strengthened in his conviction to become an artist. Initially, he painted traditional subjects about the sea and life on the seas. His 1890 canvas, Funeral At Sea won a medal of the third class at the 1891 Paris Salon. The murals for which Brangwyn was famous, and during his lifetime he was very famous indeed, were brightly coloured and crowded with details of plants and animals, although they became flatter and less flamboyant later in his life. He produced several bridge posters for the LNER including that at Knareborough (depicted in Cole and Durack) and the High Leve l Bridge in Newcastle, the Royal Border Bridge and the Forth Bridge.

Brealey, William Ramsden
Born in Sheffield in 1889; died 1949. Studied at the Sheffield School of Art, then at Royal College of Art. Portrait painter in oil. Sunny South Sam depicts a railway guard with his green flag and sun tanned face looking welcoming for Southern Railway (1939 version in Cole and Durack)

Brenet, Albert
Born in Harfleur on 25 June 1903; died in Paris on  4 July 2005. Educated at Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1921. Great love of ships. See Cole

Brien, G. Stanislaus
From Poland Silloth on the Solway 1932 (lady golfer playing out of a bunker at Silloth LNER poster depicted in Cole and Durack). Other poster work for London Trasport and Shell.

Broadhead, W. Smithson
Born at Barrow in Furness, Broadhead moved to Firvale in the suburbs of Sheffield when still a very young boy; he was first educated at the Central School, Sheffield and then at Sheffield School of Art. From here he was awarded grants to study at the RCA in London. As a child he learned to ride and his life-long love of horses began. In 1911 he went to Canada to work as an illustrator for a firm of lithographers. A year later he moved to New York where he worked for a magazine called Judge, and for this publication he was sent to work in Europe. At the outbreak of World War I he was in Germany; with difficulty he returned to England where he joined up with in Edward's Horse. He spent three years fighting in France before being invalided home, and resigned the regiment in 1920. For the next fourteen years Broadhead worked in London, and his love of horses and connections in the horse world led to commissions to paint many equestrian portraits, one of the most famous of these being Brown Jack. During this time he regularly exhibited at the RA. In 1934 he returned to the USA where he worked regularly for Harper's Bazaar, Cosmopolian Magazine and Good Housekeeping. In 1937 he had a one man exhibition at the Howard Young Galleries in New York. During this period he continued to paint equestrian portraits and soon began to establish a reputation. In 1938 Broadhead returned to England where he joined the Home Guard. In 1947 he once more returned to America this time settling in California, where had another one man show in Los Angeles. In time he became one of the most highly regarded equestrian painters in America. He did, however, receive criticism from some for his bright colouring. He was particularly interested in depicting different light effects and tended to use very bright colours for the horses' coats. Apart from this he was a good draughtsman who had a feeling for texture and painted fine landscapes. Depicted by poster of couple relaxing above South Beach in Scarborough in in Cole and Durack

Brown, F. Gregory
1887-1948. Many posters for London Transport. Very much in the same spirit Londoner's Kent is depicted in Cole and Durack Sheila Taylor shows an LUT trolleybus poster.

Brown, George Massiot
Born in Ayrshire, and in about 1928, when aged 38, he moved to London where he designed  the iconic Sandeman sherry man and in 1937 he designed a poster for  the Southern Railway to promote the Night Ferry which looks more like a steam worked Channel Tunnel.

Brown, Sir John Alfred Arnesby
Born on 29 March 1866 in Nottingham; died 16 November 1955 at Haddiscoe, Norfolk.  "one of the leading British landscape artists of the 20th century" and best known for his impressionistic depictions of pastoral landscapes, often featuring cattle. Arnesby Brown first studied at the Nottingham School of Art in the late 1890s. He has been called "the artist Nottingham forgot", with little remaining reference to him in Nottingham. He later studied at the Bushey School of Art in London for four years from 1889. After exhibiting at the Royal Academy for the first time in 1890, he became an elected Associate there in 1903. In 1886 he married Mia Edwards (1870–1931), a painter who studied at Bushey under Sir Hubert von Herkomer. They lived in Norfolk and St Ives, Cornwall. Arnesby Brown was knighted in 1938. He died in 1955, having not painted since 1942 due to blindness. He is buried in the cemetery of the Parish Church of St Mary in Haddiscoe. Represented by poster of Nottingham Castle for LMS in. Cole and Durack

Brown, Pieter Irwin
Born in Rotterdam in 1903 and studied art at the local art school. From the age of 18 Pieter studied at the Royal Academy in Amsterdam. Cole and Durack chose  a poster  celebrating the centenary of the Liverpool & Manchester Railway which depicts a red Pacific climbing a 45° slope!. He also produced one for the GWR to promote their air aervices,

Bruce, Angrave
Born in Leicester; died 1983. Studied at Chiswick School of Art, Ealing School of Art and Central School of Art. Freelance magazine and book illustrator. Posters for all main line companies, London Transport and British Railways see Cole and Durack .

Bruhl, Louis Burleigh
Born in Bhagdad, on 20 July 1861; died in 1942. He was educated in Vienna and England, and studied medicine at the London Hospital and was an English landscape artist. Burleigh Bruhl was President of the Dudley Gallery Art Society. He was also president of the Watercolour Society. In 1915 he published Essex water-colours which contained a selection of his Essex scenes. His work included publicity posters for the Great Western Railway: Cole and Durack chose two: one of Falmouth and the other of the Cornish Riviera; the latter having an Oriental hint its colours.

Buckle, Claude
Born 10 October 1905 in London; died 9 August 1973. He attended Grammar school in Wolverhampton and on leaving in 1922 joined J.S. Fry & Sons Chocolates in Bristol as an assistant architect. During his time with Fry’s he was involved in the building of the new factory at Keynsham Somerdale and was supported by Fry’s to study Architecture at Bristol University. In 1926, aged 21, Buckle moved to London where he joined Wallis, Gilbert and Partners responsible for building the Ford factories at Dagenham. Buckle painted in his spare time. In 1930, after submitting four drawings, became one of the youngest amateur members of the British Savages Art Group based in Bristol. He contributed to the yearly exhibition until 1934. He travelled in France, Spain and North Africa using Tramp Steamers recording scenes that later formed many of the ideas for his watercolour paintings. At the age of 26 he left full-time employment to concentrate his efforts as a professional freelance commercial artist. He undertook commissions including hotel brochures and book illustrations.
In 1932 he obtained his first railway poster commission at the Southern Railway HQ at Waterloo station from a Mr. Beaumont and later other commissions through the publicity offices of the Southern Region under the P.R.O Don Falkner. This was Buckle's big break and during the pre-war years and after the war until 1963 Buckle produced some estimated 85 posters and 25 carriage prints for the railways making him one of the most prolific and recognized railway poster artists. He was a close friend of Terence Cuneo whom he met frequently on travels around England recording scenes for the railway posters that were a common site on railway station platforms and booking halls. Both artists have surviving artwork in the National Railway Museum. However, when the work started to dry up in 1963, following the Beeching Axe, Buckle relied more and more on the private market place to earn a living. On the advice of Cuneo, he moved away almost entirely from oil painting to concentrate his efforts on watercolours.
During WW2 he worked as an architect with the bomb disposal and rescue unit based at Old Kent Road. Like many others, he witnessed terrible scenes of death and destruction in bombed London. Buckle spent the last years of the war in Northern Ireland producing architectural plan and supervising the construction of aerodromes for American bombers. In 1946 he married Barbara and found appreciative support and happiness. Two years later, he moved from the outskirts of London to a small hamlet, Vernham Dean in North Hampshire, where his twin children Terence and Barbara were born. He resumed both commercial painting and engineering architectural perspectives as well as fine art oil and watercolour paintings. The main construction contractors to the Atomic Energy Authority commissioned Buckle to paint a series of Oils and watercolours depicting the construction phase and the finished plants of the first emerging atomic power stations. In 1958, the British engineering stand at the Brussels World Fair exhibited his painting in oils depicting the construction of the first commercial atomic power station at Hinkley Point showing Goliath, the largest crane in the world at that time, used to construct the station. The picture measuring 18 feet by 24 feet, took four months to paint.
From 1958 onwards, Buckle concentrated on watercolour particularly water scenes. The Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours, the Federation of British Artists, the Marine Society and the London Boat Show exhibited the pictures in their galleries from 1958 onwards. In 1962, Buckle accepted an invitation to become a member of the Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours (RI) and in 1964 accepted membership of the Royal Society for Marine Artists (RSMA). Buckle also sold many paintings through private galleries and was in demand by private collectors and admirers. He also allowed printing companies to reproduce certain pictures. The full-scale lithographic reproductions were distributed to High Street retailers for example Fenwick. He also held sales of his work in Marlborough, Wiltshire, and London and in his studio at Vernham Dean. He produced an estimated 300 watercolour paintings. Buckle particularly enjoyed holidays in France and Spain, enjoying the relaxed atmosphere of recording French and Spanish scenes that he later completed in the Studio at Vernham Dean. He visited France and Spain nearly every year from 1952 until 1973 which gave him the main source of inspiration for his watercolour paintings. He spent much time during the later years of his life on the Île de Ré at Rivedoux. The pictures depicting the scenes of this area are some of his best watercolours. In his appreciation to Claude Buckle, Terence Cuneo paid tribute to Buckle's style of painting. He pointed out that the living world gives enough inspiration on its own to produce a very high quality picture suitable for the living room. Buckle has achieved a top position in British watercolour art and continues to give to this day great delight and pleasure to the many owners of the paintings and inspiration to artists attempting to paint in a traditional manner.
Cole and Durack reproduce three of his cathedral posters: Gloucester, Hereford and Worcester and two seaside ones: Weston super-Mare and Plymouth.

Burton, Jackson
Cole and Durack reproduce one of Rhyl with child and its mother playing on the beach

Bury, Thomas Talbot
Born 1811; died 1877: Notable for coloured images of Liverpol & Manchester Railway. Ottley 6420 who cited following C.F. Dendy Marshall Transactions Newcomen Society, 2, 12. Liverpool Road arrivals platform and boiler house to replenish locomotives. Backtrack, 2019, 33, 281. See also  page 12 Michael Darby Early railway prints for The tunnel on the Liverpool & Manchester Railway and page 14 for Rainhill skew bridge.

Calvert, Charles
Born at Glossop Hall on 23 Septembwe 1785; died Bowness-on-Windermere on 26 February 1852. Landscape painter. Quoted in a Wordsworth poem. Founder of Manchester Royal Institution, late Manchester City Art Gallery. See page 10 Michael Darby Early railway prints.

Campbell, Leonard Taylor (1874-1969)
Produced posters for LMS; notably interior of first class restaurant car with Isle of Arran in background and customers exuding wealth and damaging their health by smoking. Poster reproduced in Beverley Cole. Backtrack, 2015, 29, 582.

Carmichael, J.W.
Views on the Newcastle & Carlisle Railway from drawings by J.W. Carmichael; text by John Blackmore New edition Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Frank Graham 56pp.
Reviewed by HS in Railway Wld, 1969, 30, 415. 24 facsimile reproductions of drawings by John Carmichael (1800-68), first published in 1836-38 as the various sections of the NCR were completed, with contemporary descriptions, reveal much to the railway historian apart from their beauty. which makes this book a desirable possession. Available as an e-bookk. James John Wilson Carmichael, (1800-1868 achieved fame as a marine painter, whose works can be seen in amongst other places, the National Maritime Museum, and Trinity House, Newcastle. He went to sea as a boy, spending two years on a ship trading to Spain and Portugal, being apprenticed as a carpenter in a shipyard on coming ashore. He began painting and drawing in his spare time, setting up in business as an artist and portraitist in Newcastle after completing his apprenticeship. His drawings of scenes on the then unfinished, Newcastle and Carlisle Railway (it finally opened in 1846) were published in 1836. They show scenes from sections of the railway completed so far, trains in the landscape, and engineering features. Carmichael left to work in London in 1848, and in 1854, was commissioned by the Illustrated London News to accompany th fleet to the Baltic and record scenes from the war against Russia. On returning to England he produced one of his more notable works in oil, The Bombardment of Sveaborg.

Carr, Leslie
Commercial artist: painter; illustrator; posters. Very tidy work. Work appeared in the Motor Magazine and in posterr for the LNER, Southern Railway, LCC Tramways and British Railways

Cassandre (Adolphe Mouron)
Born in Ukraine of French parents on 24 January 1901; committed suicide 17 June 1968) was a French painter, commercial poster artist, and typeface designer He was born Adolphe Jean-Marie Mouron in Kharkiv, Ukraine to French parents. As a young man, he moved to Paris, where he studied at the École des Beaux-Arts and at the Académie Julian. The popularity of posters as advertising afforded him an opportunity to work for a Parisian printing house. Inspired by cubism as well as surrealism, he earned a reputation with works such as Bûcheron (Woodcutter), a poster created for a cabinetmaker that won first prize at the 1925 Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes. Cassandre became successful enough that with the help of partners he was able to set up his own advertising agency called Alliance Graphique, serving a wide variety of clients during the 1930s. He is perhaps best known for his posters advertising travel, for clients such as the Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits. He was a pioneer on airbrush arts. His creations for the Dubonnet wine company were among the first posters designed in a manner that allowed them to be seen by occupants in moving vehicles. His posters are memorable for their innovative graphic solutions and their frequent denotations to such painters as Max Ernst and Pablo Picasso. In addition, he taught graphic design at the École des Arts Décoratifs and then at the École d'Art Graphique. With typography an important part of poster design, the company created several new typeface styles. Cassandre developed Bifur in 1929, the sans serif Acier Noir in 1935, and in 1937 an all-purpose font called Peignot. In 1936, his works were exhibited at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City which led to commissions from Harper's Bazaar to do cover designs. With the onset of WW2, Cassandre served in the French army until the fall of France. His business long gone, he survived by creating stage sets and costumes for the theatre, something he had dabbled in during the 1930s. After the war, he continued this line of work while also returning to easel painting. He worked with several famous French fashion houses, designing playing cards and scarfs for Hermès and the well-known Yves Saint Laurent logo. In his later years, Cassandre suffered from bouts of depression prior to his suicide in Paris in 1968. Wikipedia. ,Cole and Durack reproduce a joint Southern Railway and Nord Chemin de Feur poster for Cross  Channel travel.

Cattermole, Lance
Born in Ireland on 19 July 1898; died in 1992. His father was an artist painter. He was educated at the Central School of Arts & Crafts then at the Slade School of Art from 1922 -3. He lived at High Salvington in Sussex for  which he a  great affection. He did w ork for the Scottish Region including a preserved carriage panel of Glen Tarrant near Aboyne. His work is displayed in the National Army Museum and at the NRM. See Cole

Clark, Christopher
,Cole and Durack reproduce a poster for  the LMS of Changing the  Guard at St. James's Palace: one of a series of similar  activities as well as the State Opening of Parliament, Highland Games and Stirling Castle.

Clay, Jonathan
Locomotive portraits. Barnsley: Pen & Sword Transport, 2015.
150 paintings without scenic backgrounds (except for ground and in case of electrics conductor wire) predominantly of locomotives, but also a few trains: Virgin Pendolino, Brighton Belle and a Blue Pullman, for instance. There is neither a contents listing nor an index, but there is a lengthy introduction on how he came to love locomotives and a brief section on how he paints them. The pictures are captioned and do indicate on whether the subjects were actually seen or whether they are based on photographs, etc. There is an imposing portrait of the Stanier turbine locomotive, but little real detail on how it was constructed or sounded. The lettering on some of the portraits is imperfect: see Terrier Stepney on page 108 and Blickling Hall on page 63. The pictures are more effective if viewed when being flicked through looking for them and less so when studied in close up. The real problem is boiler highlights: these are too prominent. This fault is absent from Digby's more precise approach, but was evident in Hugh Le Fleming's masterpiece. The BR 2-6-4T is the painter's favourite

Locomotive or train colour page
Ffestiniog Railway Double Fairlie Merddin Emrys N red 20
British Railways Standard Class 7 Pacific No. 70000 Britannia green 21
Ex-Tasmanian Government Railways (Dundas Tramway) Beyer-Garratt K1 black 22
Great Western Railway King Class 4-6-0 No. 6011 King James green 23
Sandstone Heritage Railway ex-Beira Railway Lawley 4-4-0 No. 7 green? 24
Ex-Southern Railway Bulleid Battle of Britain Class 4-6-2 No. 34072 257 Squadron green 25
Ex-LMSR Steam Turbine Locomotive No. 46202 black 26
Talyllyn Railway Kerr, Stuart 0-4-2ST No. 4 Edward Thomas green 27
Ex-LNER Class A4 4-6-2 No. 60009 Union of South Africa green 28
Sutton Miniature Railway 4-4-2 No. 2 Sutton Flyer M blue 29
British Railways Deltic (Class 55) Diesel Electric No. 9019 green 30
Southern Pacific Railroad Class AC12 Cab-Forward Mallet Compound No. 4216 black 31
CF Baie de Sommes Fives-Lille 4-6-0T No. E332 green 32
Caledonian Railway 4-2-2 Single Locomotive No. 123 blue 33
Cyprus Government Railway Kitson 4-8-4T No. 43 grey? 34
Union Pacific Railroad Challenger Mallet 4-6-6-4 No. 3885 black 35
Beer Heights Light Railway Mr. P. M red 36
British Railways Class EM2 Electric Locomotive No. 27000 Electra black 37
Welshpool and Llanfair Light Railway Beyer-Peacock 0-6-0T Countess (GWR No. 823) N green 38
British Railways Standard Class 4MT 2-6-4T No. 80002 black 39
Wantage Tramway George England 0-4-0WT No. 5 (Jane/Shannon) green 40
Sandy River and Rangeley Lakes Railroad 2-6-2 No. 24 MR black 41
Ex-Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway Class 7F 2-8-0 No. 53809 black 42
Listowel & Ballybunion Railway Hunslet 0-3-0 Locomotive No. 2 green? 43
Ravenglass and Eskdale Railway 0-8-2 River Irt M green 44
Freightliner GMD Class 66 Diesel Locomotive No. 66951 green? 45
Vale of Rheidol 2-6-2T Locomotive No. 9 Prince of Wales N red 46
SNCB (Belgian Railways) Class 12 4-4-2 Locomotve No. 12.004 green 47
Stapleford Miniature Railway Saint Class 4-6-0 No. 2941 Hampton Court M green 48
Cambrian Railway [sic] Sharp, Stewart 4-4-0 No. 21 black 49
Welsh Highland Railway NG/G16 Garratt Locomotive No. 143 N green 50
Ex-LNER Class B17 4-8-0 No. 61662 Manchester United green 51
Southwold Railway Sharp, Stewart 2-4-0T No. 2 Halesworth N grey? 52
British Railways Class 8P 4-6-2 No. 71000 Duke of Gloucester green? 53
Sittingbourne and Kemsley Light Railway Bagnall 0-6-2T Alpha N green 54
Welsh Highland Heritage Railway Bagnall 0-6-2T Gelert N 55
Southern Railway Pullman Electric Multple Unit Brighton Belle 56
London Transport 1938 Tube Stock red 57
Shropshire and Moontgomeryshire Railway Dodman 0-4-2WT Gazelle 58
Andrew Barclay 0-6-0T Gertrude N red 59
PKP (Polish Railways) 0149 Class 2-6-2 No. 0149-12 black 60
CFD Billard Railcar No. 313 N red 61
Ex-North British Railway Class D30 4-4-0 No. 62420 Dominie Sampson black 62
Bure Valley Railway Winson Engineering ZB 2-6-2 No. 6 Blickling Hall M red 63
Blue Pullman  Diesel Multple Unit blue 64
Darjeeling Himalayan Railway Class C 4-6-2 No. 37 N green? 65
Ex-Southern Region REbuilt Merchant Navy Class 4-6-2 vNo. 35028 Clan Line green 66
Leighton Buzzard Light Railway, former Pen-yr-Orsedd Quarry, De Winton 0-4-0T Chaloner N black 67
North Staffordshire Railway 0-6-4T No. 119 red 68
Festiniog and Blaenau Railway Manning Wardle 0-4-2ST Nipper N brown 69
Midland and South Western Junction Railway 2-6-0 No. 16 Galloping Alice red 70
Southern Pacific Railroad Class A 4-4-2 No. 3001 black 71
Metropolitan Railway Beyer,  Peacock A Class 4-4-0T No. 23 red 72
CAI Venezuela (Cuba) Baldwin 2-6-0 No. 1657 grey 73
Former Bowaters Manning Wardle 0-6-2T Chevallier N grey 74
British Railways Fell Diesel-Mechanical Locomotive No.10100 black 75
Romney, Hythe and Dymchurch Railway Pacific Locomotive No. 7 Typhoon M green 76
South Africann Railways Class 26 4-8-4 Red Devil L.D. Porta red 77
British Railways Class 86 Bo-Bo Electric Locomotive No. E3137 Les Ross blue 78
West Lancashire Light Railway Orenstein and Koppel 0-4-0T No. 22  Montalban N black 79
15" gauge Bassett-Lowke Class 30 4-4-2 No. 3 Count Louis M green 80
Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Hughes 'Dreadnought' 4-6-0 No. 1511 black 81
Lynton and Barnstaple Railway Manning Wardle 2-6-2T No. E188 Lew N green 82
LNER A1 Peppercorn Class 4-6-2 No. 60163 Tornado blue 83
Gilpin Tramway 0-4-4-0 Shay Locomotive Russell N black 84
Chinese National Railways Class Q1 2-10-4 No. 427 B black 85
67, 'Tin Turtles' N grey 86
LMS Streamlined Coronation Class 4-6-2 No. 6229 Duchess of Hamilton red 87
Isle of Man Railway Beyer, Peacock 2-4-0T No. 1 Sutherland N red 88
Taff Vale Railway 0-6-2T No. 85 black 89
Kerr's  Miniature Railway Bullock 0-6-0 No. 3007 Firefly M blue 90
SNFC Class 2325 4-6-4 No. 232 5 001 black 91
Fairbourne Railway ex-Darjeeling Himalayan Railway B Class 0-4-0 Sherpa MR blue? 92
Ex-LMS Co-Co Diesel-Electric Locomotive No. 10000 green? 93
Leek and Manifold Valley Light Railway Light Railway Kitson 2-6-4T J.B. Earle N red 94
Sierra Leone Government Railway 4-8-2-2-8-4 Garratt No. 73 N green 95
Ex-LSWR Class O2 0-4-4T No. 24 Calbourne black 96
LMS Princess Royal Class 4-6-2 No. 46206 Princess Marie Louise blue 97
Ex-LNWR Class G2 Super D 0-8-0 No. 49395 black 98
Minas de Aller L. Corpet 0-6-0T No. 2 N green 99
Highland Railway Jones Goods Class 4-6-0 No. 103 yellow 100
Ffestiniog Railway George England 0-4-0ST+T No. 1 Princess N red 101
Ex-LMS Royal Scot Class 4-6-0 No. 46115 Scots Guardsman green 102
County Donegal Railway Walker Railcar No. 12 N red 103
LNER Class P2 2-8-2 No. 2001 Cock o' the North green 104
West Lancashire Light Railway Kerr, Stuart 0-6-0T Joffre N grey 105
BR Standard Class 6 4-6-2 No. 72000 Clan Buchanan green 106
Harz Narrow Gauge Railway Mallet 0-4-4-0T No. 99 5906 N black 107
London Brighton and South Coast Railway Terrier 0-6-0T No. 55 Stepney yellow 108
Welsh Highland Railway Baldwin 4-6-0T No. 590 N grey 109
Union Pacific Railroad Big Boy 4-8-8-4 No. 4023 black 110
Welsh Highland Railway Hunslet 2-6-2T Russell N red 111
Duke of Sutherland's Sharp, Stewart 0-4-4T Dunrobin green 112
South African Railways Class 25NC 4-8-4 No. 3405 City of Newcastle black 113
Ex-LSWR Class T9 4-4-0 No. 30120 black 114
Tramway de la Barthe Blanc-Misseron 0-6-0 Tram Locomotive No. 60 N green 115
Great Western Railway 4-6-2 No. 111 The Great Bear green? 116
Bassett-Lowke 4-4-4T Petrol Locomotive Blakolvsley M green 117
British Railways Wickham Class 109 Diesel Multiple Unit green 118
Corris Railway Kerr, Stuart 0-4-2ST No. 7 N red 119
North Brabant Railway Beyer, Peacock 4-6-0 No. 32 green? 120
DFB 2-6-0 Rack Tank Locomootive No. 9 N blue 121
BR Western Class C-C Diesel Hydraulic Locomotive No. D1015 Western Champion red 122
Harrogate Gasworks Peckett 0-6-0ST green 123
Manchester Ship Canal Co. Hudswell, Clarke Diesel Locomotive No. 4002 Arundel Castle green 124
Great Central Railway Director 4-4-0 No. 505 Ypres green 125
LMS Jubilee Class 5XP 4-6-0 No. 5690 Leander red 126
Talyllyn Railway Barclay 0-4-2T No. 7 Tom Rolt N black 127
British Railways Clayton Type 1 (Class 17) Diesel Locomotive green? 128
LMS 2-6-6-2 Beyer-Garratt Locomotive No. 4977 black 129
Evesham Vale Light Raiilway Severn-Lamb 0-6-2T Locomotive Dougal M green 130
London Transport Ex-GWR Pannier Tank No. L92 red 131
Pechot-Bourdon 0-4-4-0T Articulated Locomotive N grey 132
Living Museum of the North at Beamish, Ex-Seaham Harbour Lewin 0-4-0ST No. 18 green 133
Stotfold Barn Railway Jailbarang Brebes Sugar Mill Mallet 0-4-4-0T No, 9 N black 134
Virgin Trains Pendolino Electric Multiple Unit red 135
Ex-Midland Railway Class 4F 0-6-0 No. 44422 black 136
Ex-South African Railways Class NG15 2-8-2 grey 137
British Railways  Standard Class 3MT 2-6-2T No. 82001 black 138
British War Department Hunslet 4-6-0T No. 303 N black 139
British Railways Class 50 Co-Co Diesel Locomotive No. D400 blue 140
Ex-GER Class Y9 Tram Locomotive brown 141
Ffestiniog Railway, Hunslet 2-4-0ST/T Linda N green 142
Ex-War Department  Austerity 2-8-0 No. 90733 black 143
LNER Class V2 2-6-2 No. 60800 Green Arrow green 144
Denver and Rio Grande Railroad Class K28 2-8-2 No. 478 N black 145
Furness Railway Sharp Stewart 0-4-0 No. 20 brown 146
Joseph Appleby & Sons Peckett 0-4-0ST Appleby black 147
Welshpool and Llanfair Light Railway Bagnall 0-4-4-0T Monarch N green 148
LNWR Rebuilt Claughton 4-6-0 No. 5908 red 149
GWR Grange Class 4-6-0 No. 6880 Betton Grange R green 150
Fairbourne Railway Guest 2-4-2 Katie M green 151
BR Cl;ass 37 Diesel Electric Locomotive No. 37 408 Loch Rannoch blue 152
Hunslet Austerity 0-6-0ST (BR Class J94) No. 68030 Josiah Wedgwood black 153
Ex-LSWR Beattie Well Tank 2-4-0WT No. 30585 black 154
LNER Class B1 4-6-0 No, 1306 Mayflower green 155
Ffestiniog Railway, Baldwin 2-4-0D Moelwyn N green 156
LMS Caprotti Black Five 4-6-0 No. 44687 black 157
BR Warship Diesel Hydraulic Locomotive No. 832 Onslaught red 158
BR Standard 9F 2-10-0 No. 92220 Evening Star green 159
Welshpool and Llanfair Light Railway Kerr Stuart 0-6-2T Joan red 160
GNR 4-4-2 Class C1 Atlantic No. 990 Henry Oakley green 161
Hudswell Clarke G Class 0-6-0WT No. 107 N black 162
GWR 1361 Class 0-6-0ST No. 1363 green 163
LMS Jinty Class 3F 0-6-0T No. 47279 black 164
Indian Railways (NWR) Kalka-Shimla Railway Kitson-Meyer Locomotive No. 180 N black 165
Matropolitan Railway E Class 0-4-4T No. 1 red 166
Ffestiniog Railway Alco 2-6-2T Moutaineer N black 167
LMS Patriot Class 4-6-0 No. 45548 Lytham St, Annes green 168
North Wales Narrow Gauge Railway Hunslet Single Fairlie 0-6-4T Gowrie red 169

Coffin, Ernest
Cole and Durack reproduce two GWR posters one of Oxford (Trinity College) and one of London: the latter is a semi-map with Paddington at the top and Westminster (Abbey and Palace of Westminster) at bottom, the influence of Cubism may be detectable). He also produced posters for  the  LMS (not reproduced by Cole and Durack

Cooper, Austin
Born in Souris, Manitoba, Canada, on 5 March 1890, the son of an Irish farmer. Cooper studied at the Cardiff School of Art, and then the Allan-Frazer College of Art in Arbroath. He returned to Canada in 1922 and began his career as a commercial artist in Montreal, but returned to London in 1922 and worked as a poster artist for the LNER, Indian State Railways and London Transport. Cole and Durack reproduce Cruden Bay 1931 (golf) and Perfection and Discretion (both depicting waiter in act of serving on train). Cooper died in 1964.

Cuneo, Terence

Cusden, Leonard
Born in 1898; died 1979. Cole and Durack reproduced Clevedon of 1939  for the GWR for which he was paid £86. He also painted posters for  tthe LNER and British Railways

Danvers, Verney Lionel Danby
Born in Lisbon on 14 June 1895 where his father was working as an electrical engineer. Returned to Lndon in 1902. Studied at Hornsey College  of Art from 1911. Wrote Training in Commercial Art published by Pítmans in 1928. Died in Hampstead on 1 December 1973. Cole and Durack reproduce Try a Fly (aimed at catching anglers to go north to Scoland) for LNER  in 1925; another showed grouse — targeting gunmen going north to the Highlands and duck aimed at travellers to Norfolk; Folkestone for the Southern Railway in 1947 and two Southern Electric posters of 1933 Have a Good Morning and Have a Good Night

Digby, Nigel J.L.
The liveries of the Pre-grouping railways. Volume one. Wales and the West of England. Lydney: Lightmoor Pres, 2017. 96pp.
This is a precise work of art which has one serious blemish: most of the images extend over two pages: thus one cannot examine them flat. The problem of boiler highlights is tackled with sensitivity: a landscape format might have been better. An electronic image version might also be worthy of consideration. The images are superb and extend from the Mersey Railway down to Cornwall  and include the different reds used by the Barry Railway and the Brecon & Merthyr Railway as well as Swindon green gloriously celebrated by No. 4007 Rising Star on pages 44 and 45. In the majority of the railways decribed the paintings extend beyond locomotives to passenger and freight rolling stock and include details of the lining applied to locomotives, further guidance on colours including to BS 3252, BS 381 and Pantone numbers. There are also half-tone illustrations, some Moore colour images and carefully crafted text. It is hoped to add a complete listing.

Barry Railway
K class outside cylinder 0-6-2 black & white photograph 15
C class 2-4-2T colour painting + lining (red) 16-17
Six-wheel 3rd class carriage colour painting (red/brown) 18-19
Four plank open wagon colour painting (brown) 20
Van body colour painting (lettering) 20
Brecon & Merthyr Railway
Outside-frame 0-6-0ST No. 3 black & white photograph 21
2-4-0T No. 25 colour painting + lining (red/brown) 22-3
Outside-frame 0-6-0ST No. 31 during WW1 black & white photograph 24
Ex-LSWR 4-4-2T: B&MR No. 44 black & white photograph 24
2-4-0T No. 11 black & white photograph 25
0-6-2T No. 43 black & white photograph 25
Four-wheel 1st 2nd class composite coach colour painting + lining (brown) 26-7
Five plank open wagon colour painting (grey) 28
Cambrian Railways
0-4-2ST No. 36 Plasfynnon & coach & van c1900 black & white photograph 29
4-4-0 express locomotive colour painting + lalternate lettering 30-1
4-4-0 express locomotive Lambert & Butler cigarette card colour illustration 30
Six-wheel 3rd class carriage pre-1909 livery colour painting + lining (green & cream) 32-3
Two plank open wagon colour painting (grey) 34
Van body colour painting (grey) 34

The liveries of the Pre-grouping railways. Volume two. The East of England  and Scotland. Lydney: Lightmoor Pres, 2018. 96pp.  pagination continues from previous volume
Colne Valley & Halsted Railay;Great Central Railway; Great Eastern Railway; Great Northern Railway; Great North of Scotland Railway; Hull & Barnsley Railway; Lancashire, Derbyshire & East Coast Railway; Manchester, Sheffield & Lincolnshire Railway; Midland & Great Northern Joint Railway; Mid-Suffolk Light Railway; North British Railway; North Eastern Railway.

Earl, George (1824-1908).
Coming South, Perth Station. 1895.
Reproduced in Christine Heap's. 'Coming South, Perth Sation' pp. 126-7 in Neil Cossons Making of the modern world. pp. 170-1. There is a companion painting: Going North, King's Cross Station. Also in Simon Jenkins Hundred best railway stations

Ellis: London Midland & Scottish pp. 45-7
The LMS had been striving for some time to create an image of itself, which should command public respect; to make in fact a new Premier Line which was not the London & North Western warmed-up, a new Best Way which was not the Midland hashed. The sort of resistance it had to meet has just been described; in the 'twenties only the Great Western had any sort of social status among British railway companies, and that was because it preserved a much older image with no visible change, as if it Were a Saxon Godwin, or a Norman Gresley among a lot of jumped-up nobodies whose peerages had been created by the House of Hanover.
One of the LMS company's earlier and most successful efforts, an admirable thing indeed, had been the commissioning of eminent artists to paint posters illustrating both its territory and its actrvrnes. In the past, railway pictorial posters had been generally eye-catching, and sometimes picturesque in a vernacular way, though many were of singular vulgarity. With some affection — it was just the sort of thing to appeal to the eye of a child — one recalls the London & North Western Railway's Put Your Works Here! It showed a huge single-block factory about to descend like an Unidentified Flying Object upon an oblong meadow beside the line, to which the company had already laid on a siding with the inevitable Webb coal engine awaiting custom. As to passenger business, what nobody then called sex-appeal was widely used and was exemplified by an incredibly overdressed, overhatted, overcorseted young female person against a panoramic background, such as Coniston Water. Goodness only knew how she had got up the the mountain with all those things on!
Much better was the Caledonian's famous Golfing Girl at Gleneagles, whom the LMS took up with pleasure. She had been variously driving-off, or using her No. 7 in a bunker, since well before the '14 war, and her neat tweeds changed with the years and the vagaries of fashion. Plenty of children were depicted at the seaside; some of them were horrible little fat-cheeked brats, but others were really charming. But for years, the London & North Western had commissioned work from a very eminent painter, Norman Wilkinson, who specialised in marine subjects. In his struggling youth, when professional models came dear, his nice sister obliged him, and a poster of the ship-to-train transfer at Holyhead showed Miss Wilkinson sailing up the platform like a clipper before the South East Trades. In 1923, Norman Wilkinson persuaded the new company to produce pictorial posters on a new and at the same time patrician scale. He wrote at the time: "There is an idea very generally entertained that a poster is a particular form of art, and must be handled on certain conventional lines. This to me is a fallacy. A poster — I am speaking now of pictorial posters — is something that will attract and arrest the attention of the public. It therefore follows that if the bulk of the posters now displayed are on certain lines, one is likely to achieve greater success with something that is not essentially on those lines." Just before Christmas, 1923, the London Midland & Scottish company announced the commissioning of Royal Academicians for the production of its new posters. There was to be no lettering on the pictures (a horrid custom of the past!) and very little on the borders. Had Stephen Potter reached maturity in those days, he might have remarked that the LMS had achieved a masterly piece of one-up mans hip on the lofty old Great Western and some others. (The London & North Eastern, however, was quick off the mark. Brangwyn produced for it a glorious Rqyal Border Bridge.) To the LMS the several distinguished painters variously responded, Sir D.Y. Cameron (an alarming man in some ways) painted simply The Scottish Highlands, rather in the manner of his famous Shadows of Glencoe; a very fine picture of mountains in those rich after-storm colours which lovers of Western Scotland have known for so long with such delight. Then Sir William Orpen, eminent painter of eminent personages' portraits, contributed a picture of enginemen in the cab, on a night express, but, one feels with less success. One would not dare to criticise Orpen's figures of the driver and fireman, and his drawin:g of the engine cab (indubitably London & North Western) was technically correct, but one suspected that he was not really at home with a locomotive. The glare of the open firedoor suggested that someone had dropped a fuzee into a box of fireworks, and the slobby stuff in front of the panel-plate suggested anything but the flying vapours of a locomotive at full speed in the night. Norman Wilkinson, of course, painted an Irish Sea packet under a sky of vast mounting cumulus. Stanhope Forbes painted Platelayers, a very agreeable picture of men lifting a rail into chairs and marred only by the pose of the lookout man who had turned to look round instead of having both eyes on the Up Fast and his warning horn at the ready.
There were various others; some good and one or two ineffably bad. Specially finished and mounted colour lithographs went to decorate the Great Hall at Euston, and by many who paused to look at them were thought to be the originals.
In 1926 came a rather different sort of poster, devoted in a matey sort of way to the working of the railways itself. Arthur Watts drew The Driver, The Signalman , The Porter and The Guard , and E.V. Knox (Evoe of Punch) furnished verses underneath.
The company's Advertising and Publicity Department owed much to the London & North Western company, which had been one of the very first to realise the popular appeal not only of the places and scenes the railway served but of the railway itself. One believes that Sir Frank Ree had had something to do with this. G. H. Loftus AlIen became LMS Advertising and Publicity Officer in 1927, having joined the London & North Western service in 1913. In 1915 he had gone to France as an RTO, subsequently becoming Deputy Assistant Director of Railway Transport. Back in company's service, he had held office as Runner in various districts, being Superintendent of the Line's Runner, Birmingham, during the year 1922-23. He had six months in the United States under an LMS scheme. In the 1930S, one of his young men was Derek Barrie, journalist- turned-railwayman, who years after was to command the North Eastern and Eastern Regions of British Railways.

Emett, Rowland
Born on 22 October 1904; died 13 November 1990. Punch cartoonist who created Far Twittering and Oyster Creek Railway with locomotive Nellie implemented in Battersea Park during Festival of Britain during 1951. See Rly Wld, 1991, 52, 218; and beautifully writtten ODNB biography by John Jensen; and Ottley entries 4472 et seq.

Fenton, William
Atttended Selby School of Art, Leeds College of Art and Royal College of Art, interrupted by war service in the RAF. Fenton spent two years in India where his painting was influenced by Moghul and Rajput painting. The poster London Gardens for London Transport was his first major commission. This led to work for Barclays Bank, British Aluminium, Shell, ICI, British Nylon Spinners, Rolls Royce, British Railways and others. His particular interest was railways and he produced illustrations for a number of books including Nineteenth century locomotive engravings and Locomotives in retirement. Fenton also designed some special commemorative books for presentation to the Queen and company histories with special bindings.

Flint, Sir William Russell
Born in Edinburgh on 4 April 1880, son of a graphic designer. Educate d at Daniel Ste  wart's Colle ge  fo r Boys and the R oyal Instiution for Art in Edinburgh and then served an a;pprent iceship with Banks & Co., lithog raphers, He travelled to London in 1900 for a post as a medical illust rato r. Worthy of ODNB biography by Claire I. R. O'Mahony. Cole and Durack. Poster of Chester for GWR

Forbes, Stanhope Alexander
Born Dublin on 18 November 1857, the younger son of William Forbes, manager of the Midland Great Western Railway in Ireland, and his French wife, Juliette de Guise. His uncle James Staats Forbes, an important art collector, particularly of the French Barbizon and Dutch Hague schools, his cousin William Alexander Forbes, and his elder brother, Sir William Forbes, all followed careers as railway managers, but Stanhope Forbes showed a talent for drawing which was encouraged by his art master at Dulwich College, John Sparkes. In 1884 he visited Cornwall and was attracted by the little village of Newlyn. Forbes died at his home, Higher Faughan, Newlyn, on 2 March 1947. ODNB entry by Kenneth McConkey. Through the marshes exhibited Royal Acedemy see Locomotive Mag., 1925, 33, 237. Railway posters see Cole and Durack

Games, Abram
Born on 29 July 1914 in Whitechapel to poor Jewish parents; died in London on 27 August 1996.  He left  Hackney Downs School at the age of 16 and, in 1930, went to Saint Martin's School of Art in London. Disillusioned by the teaching at Saint Martin's and worried about the expense of studying there, Games left after two terms, but he was determined to establish himself as a poster artist so while working as a "studio boy" for the commercial design firm Askew-Young in London between 1932 and 1936, he attended night classes in life drawing. An article on him in the influential journal Art and Industry in 1937 led to several high-profile commissions for Games, from the General Post Office, London Transport, Royal Dutch Shell and others. During WW2 he was approached by the Public Relations Department of the War Office who were looking for a graphic designer to produce a recruitment poster for the Royal Armoured Corps. From 1942 Games's service as the Official War Artist for posters resulted in 100 or so posters. In 1946, Games resumed his freelance practice and worked for clients including Royal Dutch Shell, the Financial Times, Guinness, British Airways, and London Transport. He designed stamps for Britain, Ireland, Israel, Jersey and Portugal. There were book jackets for Penguin Books and logos for the 1951 Festival of Britain (winning the 1948 competition) and for the 1965 Queen's Award to Industry. Among his pioneering contributions was, in 1954, the first moving on-screen symbol of BBC Television. He also produced murals. Between 1946 and 1953, Games was a visiting lecturer in graphic design at London's Royal College of Art and in 1958, was awarded the OBE for services to graphic design. In 1959, he was appointed a Royal Designer for Industry. He designed the tile motif of a swan on the Victoria line platforms at Stockwell tube station in the late 1960s. (Wikipedia)

Gawthorn, Henry George
Born in Northampton in 1879; died 1941. Studied at the Heatherley School and Regent Street Polytechnic. Worked in an architect's office before becoming a poster artist. Much work for the LNER, For poster of Saltburn by the Sea see Emblin Backtrack, 2014, 28, 356. Place of birth and correct spelling see Cole and Durack. Poster of Alexandra Dock, Hull (LNER) see Backtrack, 2015, 29, 674.

Grineau, Bryan de
Born on 11 May 1883 as Charles William Grineau; died May 1957 (Times obituary 27 May). Specialised in motoring especially motor sport. Railway posters see Cole and Durack poster of LMS streamlined Pacific

Heiron, George F.
Photographer and artist. Born in Bristol in 1929. See also Rly Wld, 1967, 28, 292. Book: The magesty of steam. reviewed by B.K. Cooper in Railway Wld., 1974, 35, 38,

Henry, Paul
Born on 11 April 1876 in born Belfast, son of the Rev Robert Mitchell Henry, a Baptist minister; died 24 August 1958 at his home in Bray, County Wicklow. Henry was educated at Methodist College Belfast from 1882 where he first began drawing regularly. At the age of fifteen he moved to the Royal Belfast Academical Institution. He studied art at the Belfast School of Art before going to Paris in 1898 to study at the Académie Julian and at Whistler's Académie Carmen. He returned to Ireland in 1910. From then until 1919 he lived on Achill Island, where he learned to capture the peculiar interplay of light and landscape specific to the West of Ireland. In 1919 he moved to Dublin and in 1920 was one of the founders of the Society of Dublin Painters, originally a group of ten artists. Henry designed several railway posters, some of which, notably Connemara Landscape, achieved considerable sales.He separated from his wife in 1929. In the 1920s and 1930s Henry was Ireland's best known artist, one who had a considerable influence on the popular image of the west of Ireland. Henry's use of colour was affected by his red-green color blindness. He lost his sight during 1945 and did not regain his vision before his death. (Wikipedia), Cole and Durack record that Connemara  poster for the LMS in 1926 acieved sales of 1500 copies.

Higgins, Reginald Edward
Born on 31 March 1877 in Paddington, London, died on 11 February 1933. He studied at the St. John's Wood Art School. His work was part of the painting event in the art competition at the 1928 Summer Olympics. Several posters for LNER Knaresborough, Harrogate, Filey, Scarborough, St. Andrews, two different To the Continennt via Harwich and liithograph of  Bridlington (with people dressed as pierrots above the beach) (Wikipedia and other online information including V&A). Cole and Durack display Belgium Harwich — Zeebrugge (sophisticated street café scene).

Hill, David Octavius
See page 8 of  Michael Darby Early railway prints. for lithograph of opening of Garnkirk and Glasgow Railway.

Hohlwien, Ludwig
Born on 27 July 1874 in Wiesbaden; died on 15 September 1949 in Berchtesgaden. He trained and practiced as an architect in Munich until 1911, when he moved to Berlin and switched to poster design. Poster artist, a pioneer of the Sachplakat style. There were two schools of "Gebrauchsgrafik" in Germany at the time, North and South. Hohlwein's high tonal contrasts and a network of interlocking shapes made his work instantly recognizable. He travelled to the United States in the 1920s to conduct commercial work. A large portion of his work dates to 1912-1925. His style usually consists of sharply defined forms, bright colors, a good portion of humour and textured patterns. By 1925, he had already designed 3000 different advertisements. During WW2 he was a member of the Nazi party and worked closely with Joseph Goebbels and The Ministry of Propaganda and Enlightenment. Cole and Durack show Europe and Central Europe. a poster for the LNER in 1929; being a bulding in Munich with people and a car in front.

Howard, Norman D.
Born in 1899; died in 1955. Painter and illustrator. Studied at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, 1918–20, then at Westminster School of Art for four years under Walter Bayes (31 May 1869 – 21 January 1956, painter and illustrator and founder member of Camden Town Group ). The Admiralty bought his work in 1945, and eight years later he did decorations for the P&O liner Arcadia. Lived in Richmond, Surrey, where in 1951 he was president of the Art Group. Source: Artists in Britain Since 1945 by David Buckman Cole and Durack show Scotland: Straight as the Crow Flies for LMS in about 1924 (Best Way series No. 21) [clearly LNWR 4-6-0, but whether Prince of Wales or Claughton in very stylised depiction of locomotive]

Hubbard, [Eric] Hesketh
Born in 1892; died in 1957. Studied art at Heatherleys, Croydon School of Art and Chelsea Polytechnic. He paiinted, designed furniture, etched and directed the Forerst Press. He was a member of the Cheltenham Group, the Society of Graver Printers. the Colour Woodcut Society and the New Forest Group of Painters. Landscape and architectural painter, etcher, writer and lecturer on art. See the West Country from the Train Southern Railway 1947 [train for Padstow crossing Bridge over Little Petherick Creek]. All Cole and Durack

Artist of Southern Railway Winter Sunshine poster of 1932 (man  taking off coat, dog & deck chair on beach). Cole and Durack.

Kauffer, Edward McKnight  
Born: 14 December 1890, Great Falls, Montana, United States Died: 22 October 1954, New York. Kauffer was an American artist and graphic designer who lived for much of his life in the United Kingdom. He worked mainly in poster art, but was also active as a painter, book illustrator and theatre designer. (Wikipedia) Cole and work for Great Western in 1933 two very striking posters: Great Western to Devon's Moors and Go Great Western to Cornwall 

Keely, Patrick Cokayne (Pat)
Born: 1901. Self taught British graphic artist known for his Second World War posters for the Ministry of Information along with stylised commercial posters for publishers, the GPO and GWR, Southern Railway, British Aluminium Co., London Transport and Dutch railways. He lived in Leatherhead. Cole and Durack. show poster for then new Southampton Central Station destroyed in WW2. Wikipedia (rather meagre entry).

Kinneir, Ricard [Jock]
Born in Hampshire on 11 February 1917; died 23 August 1994. Educated and taught at Chelsea College of Arts. Typographer noted for road signage, but also designed an alphabet for British Rail

Knight, Dame Laura
Born: 4 August 1877 in Long Eaton, Derbyshire. Died 7 July 1970 in Langford Place, London Education: Nottingham School of Art. Worked in oils, watercolours, etching, engraving and drypoint. Knight was a painter in the figurative, realist tradition, who embraced English Impressionism. In her long career, Knight was among the most successful and popular painters in Britain. Janet Dunbar ODNB biógraphy (not used). Cole and Durack display The Yorkshire Coast poster for LNER in 1929 (four ladies leaping with two balls: two in dresses, two in swimming costumes).Wikipedia for precise dates

Langhammer, Walter
Born in Graz, Austria in 1905. Studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna. Married Käthe Urbach, a Jew. Moved to Bombay in 1930s wheere established an open-house studio which led to t he Indi an Progressive Art Movement. Ill health forced move to London in 1957 where his stature was not recognised. Died in 1977. Mention by Cole

Leadley, William Edward
Born 1902, died 1973. Painter of coal mines in landscape, porttraits of young females and in Cole and Durack poster for GWR in 1927 Marlborough for Downs & Forest.

Lee, Kerry
Born in East London, probably Waltamstow on 4 December 1902 into a family which came from Suffolk; died 1988. Spent part of his childhood in Switzerland. Posters of pictorial maps including one of Edinburgh. Mention by Cole

Le Fleming, Hugh Murton

Lingstrom, Freda Violet
Born in Chelsea on 23 July 1893; died at Chartwell on 15 April 1989. Daughter of copper engraver of Swedish ancestry. Educated at Central School of Arts & Crafts. Latterly worked for BBC childrens programmes and included creation of Andy Pandy. For poster of Skye see Emblin Backtrack, 2014, 28, 356. Otherwise Wikipedia 2016-04-25. See also cover for Clyde, Trossachs, Western Highlands reproduced in Backtrack, 2016, 30, 272.

McDowell, William
Born in 1888; died in 1950. He started his career in the drawing office of the Vickers Shipyard in Barrow-in-Furness, and after WW1 became a fulltime commercial artist, commissioned by large companies such as Cunard to create paintings and illustrations to publicize their shipping lines. McDowell’s work is held in a number of public maritime art collections including the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich, and he was an associate member of the Institute of Naval Architects. His book The Shape of Ships first published in 1950, chronicled the earliest ships through to the then present day and included a large number of McDowell’s illustrations. Player's Please [tobacco company's combimation of promoting their cancer sticks with aircraft carrier in 1946]. Other more magnificent ones include a painting of the Queen Mary and a poster for the Savill Line on the Internet in 2022. Cole and Durack reproduce  Cross the Atlantic by White Star c1925 for the Southern Railway [also includes a Lord Nelson class locomotive with its train and the world's largest liner],

MacKennal, Sir Bertram
Born in Fitzroy, a suburb of Melbourne in Austrakia on 12 June 1863; died Welcombe  Halll, Torquay of an abdominal aneurysm on 10 October 1931. Only one poster; that called Speed which the LMS commissioned in 1924 and is reproduced in Cole and Durack where the caption includes a long extract from a comment by Norman Wilkinson. Probably his most famous work are his sculpted images of King George V which was reproduced on coins and postage stamps. He was the first Australian artist to receive a knighthood.

McKie, Helen Madeleine
Born 11 October 1889; died 28 February 1957. Artist and illustrator. After leaving Lambeth School of Art, McKie became a member of staff to Bystander magazine from 1915 to 1929. She was also a contributing artist to The Graphic, Sphere, Autocar, and Queen publications. She illustrated books, created mural designs, and painted the artwork for posters. Her most famous works are the pair posters Waterloo Station – War and Waterloo Station – Peace which were published by Southern Railway in 1948 to celebrate the centenary of Waterloo station. During WW1 many of her drawings focused on the war effort. After the war, she sketched scenes taking place at London nightclubs. The Waterloo classics are reproduced in Cole and Durack

Maryon, Herbert
Born in London on 9 March 1874; died Edinburgh on 14 July 1965. Designer of Memorial tablet to George Stephenson at Wylam: a casting from a model by Herbert Maryon, Master of Sculpture at the King Edward VII School of Art, Armstrong College, Newcastle-on-Tyne, which was then part of Durham University. It was unveiled on Saturday, 8 June 1929, at 2-30 p.m., by the Lord Mayor of Newcastle (Councillor A. W. Lambert). Locomotive Mag., 1029, 35, 235

Mason, Frank Henry Algernon
Born in Seaton Carew on 1 October 1875. Educated at HMS Conway Naval School in Birkenhead. Trained as a marine engineer at Parsons. Settled in Scarborough in 1894 and studied at Scarborough School of Art. During WW1 was an official shipping war artist. Very bold poster artist. Died 24 February 1965. Wikipedia 2014-06. and Cole and Durack.

Maxwell, Donald
Born in London in 1877 and died at East Farleigh in 1936 where he is buried in the churchyard, he studied at the Slade Art School. He worked as a naval correspondent pondent for The Graphic for twenty years and was an official artist to the Admiralty during the First World War. For a time he lived on a yacht. He accompanied the Prince of Wales on his tour of India and illustrated the Prince of Wales's Eastern Book. He illustrated many travel guides and books by Kipling, Hardy and Belloc and designed posters and for the LMS and Southern Railways and carriage panel prints for the latter. Cole and Durack.

Mayes, Reginald
Born in Yarmouth, Norfolk in 1901; died 1992. Worked in the design studio of the Eastern Daily Press in Norwich, then moved to London to design water marks. Eventually became the chief staff artist on the LMS (KPJ: the lack of a full history for that company is a disgrace). During WW2 he designed posters to discourage travel. Notable of w ork at that period is In War and Peace We Serve. A gift card which features a post-WW2 A4 and the Queen of Scots is also well-known. Mainly Internet, but also see Cole

Mayo, Charles Henry James
British artist born in 1907. Posters of Cornish Riviera Express and Speed to the West illustrated in Cole and Durack. He worked for GWR Publicity Department,

Meadway, Clifford and Wendy
Illustrators who worked with Nock to illustrate several minor books which contain very little information. The illustrations border on those found in books for small children 

Michael, Arthur Cadwgan
Born in Swansea on 23 June 1881; died 29 June 1965. Produced posters for LNER (sometimes in association with other companies); notably golfing poster of St. Andrews. Poster reproduced in Beverley Cole. Backtrack, 2015, 29, 582 in black & white, but widely available in colour on Internet. Whitley Bay poster w ith November Issue of Steam World in 1991..

Moore, F.

Mouron, Adolphe

Newbould, Frank
Born in Bradford on 24 September 1887; died 1951. Educated at Bradford College of Art and Camberwell School of Art, he worked mostly in London from the interwar period specialising in travel posters. In 1942 the War Office appointed Newbould as an assistant to Games. Newbould created the notion of a landscape school of English poster design. Cole and Durack display some of the National Railway Museum's riches which include a poster of .Francis Drake  towering above beach]; and others South Devon [red cliffs] and the Wye Valley [gentle scene] all for Southern Railway in 1947, but first jointly with GWR;  Electrical Plant  on the LNE R  [mechanical coaling plant with eelectrical jigger] of 21942 and East Coast Frolics [six posters showing surreal activities] in LNER 1933. For poster Belgium via Harwich see Emblin Backtrack, 2014, 28, 356. There is a large amount of material online including a short Wikipedia item.

Nichol, Andrew
See page 18 of  Michael Darby Early railway prints. for aquatint of of Dublin and Kingstown Railway.

Nicoll, Gordon
Born in 1888; died in 1959. studied at Southampton Art School and at Hornsey under Frank Hillyard Swinstead. He was a member of the London Sketch Club. A landscape painter in watercolour and oil, he designed posters for the London North & Eastern Railway (LNER), including a series featuring railway hotels. See Backtrack, 1996, 10, 144 which adds an "h" in the caption to illustration of dining room of Great Eastern Hotel in Liverpool Street.

Nicholls, George
Born in 1885; died in 1937.Cole and Durack. display a single poster for the LMS from about 1924. The Highlands in Winter

Oakley, Alfred

Paolozzi, Eduardo Luigi
Born on 7 March 1924 in Leith of Italian parents, died in London on 22 April 2005. Interned during WW2 in Saughton Gaol (his father and grandfather lost their lives when being transported to Canada as vessel was sunk by German submarine). The recurring subject of Paolozzi's art was the relationship between man and machine, and the role of artificial intelligence in the post-industrial age. From his teenage experience in Scotland, of cigarette cards and the cinema, Paolozzi believed that popular culture (the dynamism of which is present in his best work) was innately superior to much fine art, a belief he still upheld in the salons of Hampstead when he was a Royal Academician. ODNB biography by Robin Spencer. Reason for inclusion: Tottenham Couurt Road station (personal experience) and see Paul Moss

Patrick, James McKintosh
Born in Dundee on 4 February 1907; died oon 7 April 1998. Son of Andrew Patrick, an  architect. He was educated at the Glasgow School of Art between 1924 and 1928 and followed this by a period in Paris. He joined the staff of the Dundee School of Art. He was  etcher, but also worked in watercolour and oils. His key contribution was to depicting landscapes especially that of Angus.  He received the OBE. Mostly Wikipedia which has a full entry, but does not mention any work for railways, but this is stated by Beverley Cole

Pisarro, Camille
French Impressionist who stayed in London and painted trains in West London: see letter from Clive Croome in Rly Arch. No. 46

Potts, Richard [Dick]
Member Guild Railway Artists. Former enngine driver. Retired 1993. Joined as cleaner at Tyseley in 1950. See Rly Wld., 1989, 50, 233. Frequent letter writer to Great Western Railway J. on matters relating to Tyseley (from the correct tram route to the Lickey Hills to the performence of the 94XX class)

Pryse, Gerald
Gerald Spencer Pryse was a British artist and lithographer. Wikipedia Born: 1882, Ashton, Idaho, United States Died: 1956, Stourton Books: To-day unemplo
Born at Ashton, Pryse studied in London and Paris, and first won a prize at the Venice International Exhibition in 1907. In the same year, he joined the Fabian Society, and helped to found The Neolith, a periodical of literature and the fine arts; the journal was printed in lithography. He was a regular exhibitor at the Senefelder Club,[1] and contributed works to Punch, the Strand Magazine, and The Graphic. First World War During the Great War, Pryse produced a considerable body of lithographic work, some of it in colour under the title Autumn Campaign (1914). This was based in his time in France and Belgium at the beginning of the war when he drove around in a Mercedes carrying lithographic stones in the back. He served as a dispatch rider for the Belgian government and was present at the Siege of Antwerp. The artist wrote a memoir of this time entitled Four Days: an account of a journey in France made between 28 and 31 August 1914, published by John Lane in 1932. Pryse also saw some of the Battle of the Marne and the Aisne but was back in Belgium to record the fall of Ostend and the subsequent retirement along the River Yser. Pryse also worked with the Indian Army in France and several of his lithographs depict scenes of Indian troops. Later, he served as a captain in the Queen Victoria's Rifles, King's Royal Rifle Corps, and was mentioned in dispatches.[2] His main action was in the Third Battle of Ypres where he won the Military Cross, the 1914 Star, the Order of the Crown of Belgium, the Croix de Guerre. By the end of 1916, Pryse had made an application to become a war artist, and towards the end of the war, was granted permission to sketch at the front and he was able to record the conditions of trench warfare in numerous water-colour drawings, but many of these were lost in the German offensive of 1918.[3] The remaining drawings were exhibited later in London and were described as having "a freshness and authenticity that were not always apparent in the works of the official war artists."[4] Unfortunately, many of these were destroyed by enemy action during the Second World War. He left the regiment at the end of the war but rejoined it in 1921 when the battalion was stationed at Wormwood Scrubs for three months during a coal strike.[5] During the war, he also designed a number of posters including several published by Frank Pick for the Underground Electric Railways Company of London in London, as well as for the Labour Party, The British Red Cross, and for the Empire Marketing Board. One of his most famous posters, entitled The Only Road for an Englishman, shows a regiment of British soldiers marching through a ruined town.[6] Pryse was one of the illustrators selected by Percy Bradshaw for inclusion in his The Art of the Illustrator (1917–1918).[note 1] Post-War He worked in Hammersmith from 1914 to 1925, but in 1925 travelled to Morocco and observed some of the fighting there against the French.[9] He returned to the country and lived there for some years after 1950. Pryse was commissioned in 1924 to create a series of lithographs for the British Empire Exhibition illustrating the extent and variety of life within the British Empire. His work was part of the art competitions at the 1928 Summer Olympics and the 1932 Summer Olympics.[10] In 1932 he married Muriel Anstace Theodora, daughter of the Rev. Laurence Farrall, and they had three daughters, one of whom, Tessa Spencer Pryse, later a landscape artist, became an art student against her father's wishes. He died at Cranford House, Stourton, Worcestershire on 28 November 1956 aged 74. Lithographs in The Autumn Campaign The Fall of Ostend: La Gare Maritime The Fall of Ostend: the digue during the embarkation of the Naval Division for Antwerp The Third Cavalry in Ghent, 12 December 1914 Antwerp Grand Place, September 1914 Fugitives in Soissons The Retreat of the Seventh Division and Third Cavalry on Ypres Indians and Motor Buses near Poperinghe British cavalry bivouac during the battle on the Aisne The Stretcher party in Champagne Notes The portfolio contained: a brief biography of Pryse, an illustration of Pryse at work in his studio and an explanation of his method of working accompanied by a plate showing an illustration typical of his work and five other plates showing its production stages.[7] Pryse's sepia-wash illustration shows two standing, almost-naked, young women. [8]<<Wiki

Purvis, Thomas Charles
Born in Bristol on 12 June 1888, the son of the sailor and marine artist, T.G. Purvis (1861-1933). After leaving school he attended Camberwell College of Art in London for 3½ years, during this time he studied under both Sickert and Degas. After leaving art college Purvis began working for the advertising agency Mather and Crowther however little of his work from this time has survived/has been identified. Purvis left Mather and Crowther after 6 years and began working freelance for Avenue Press, whose facilities he used in his spare time in order to master the art of lithographic printing, which defined much of his poster work. Purvis was widely known as one of the most important English poster artists of his day, recognisable for his simplified, symbolic, two-dimensional and colourful style of printing. He is probably best known for his work with Austin Reed and the LNER, for whom he produced over 100 posters from 1923-1945. During his time collaborating with the LNER and Austin Reed Purvis created posters and magazine/newspaper advertisements for other company’s including: Aquascutum, Blackpool Pleasure Beach, Bovril, The British Industries Fair (B.I.F.), Colgate, The Daily Herald and Shell. Throughout the 1920s and 1930s he contributed to various publications through freelance work with Odhams Press, illustrating stories and front covers for titles including: 20 Story Magazine, The London Magazine, Modern Man, PAN, Passing Show Magazine, and Punch. The style Purvis employed for this work is often significantly more naturalistic than that seen in his poster work. During the Second World War Purvis was also an official poster artist for the Ministry of Supply. During his career Purvis lobbied for the professionalisation of commercial art. He publicised his views concerning what he perceived as a lack of practical training for commercial artists through articles and lectures. In 1930 Purvis joined the Society of Industrial Artists and in 1936 he became one of the first designers to be made a Royal Designer for Industry by the Royal Society of Arts. After the Second World War Purvis withdrew from commercial art however he continued to work with Blackpool Pleasure Beach until his death on 27 August 1959, alongside undertaking commissioned portrait work. In his later years (c.1950s) Purvis converted to Catholicism and focussed on religious paintings [NRM]. The Coronation (showing the train crossing the Royal Border Bridge with "headlamps shining" is basis for cover of Cole and Durack.

Riley, Harry Arthur
Born London 1895. Died 1966. Studied at Bolt Court under Walter Bayes and at St. Martin's School of Art. Elected RI in 1939. Commercial artist, illustrator and cartoonist. See Cole

Rudd, Edwin Thomas

Secretan, Murray
Born 1888; died 1945. Worked for LMS Advertising Department and later for the Trade Advertising Section. Some railway posters. See Cole and Durack. and postcards Locomotive Mag., 1931, 37, 16 .

Shaw, Isaac
Views of the most interesting scenery on the line of the Liverpool & Manchester Rly. Liverpool, 1831. 12pp.
Ottley 6419
See also Michael Darby Early railway prints page 16. for engraving of Chat Moss


Spencer, E.H.
His History of York painting for a time was displayed in the Public Libray as it had been presented to the Lord Mayor: a large presence on Google, but completely lacking substance. Mention by Cole who considers it important.

Squirrel, Leonard Russell
Born in Ipswich on 30 October 1893; died 10 July 1979. Studied at the Ipswich School of Art. Work included railway posters. Mention by Cole.

Stabler, Harold
Born in Levens, Cumbria on 10 June 1872. Died 10 Spril 1945. Noted for his tile designs used on London Transport stations at St John's Wood, Swiss Cottage and at Bethnal Green. Married to Phoebe McCleish, a sculptor,. whom he met at the Liverpool School of Art. Ovendon (with thumnail portrait). Lawrence (Underground architecture) shows ventilation grills at Manor House, Turnpikr Lane and Wood Green

Steel, Kenneth
Born in Sheffield on 9 July 1906; died 1970. Educated at Sheffield College of Art. Noted for  his  etchings. Notable posters of Durham. Producer of posters and railway carriage panels. For poster of Ullswater see Emblin Backtrack, 2014, 28, 356. See also Cole.

Stingemore, F.H.
Mainly associated with cartography of London Underground network prior to Beck.

Swain, John
Born 1829; died Broadstairs in 1898. of John Swain and Son, engraving and reprographics company, Farringdon Street, London. Draughtsman for The Engineer. Began working life as a wood engraver and worked for a considerable period on Punch, with his elder brother. He was thus thrown into the society of many eminent men - Leech, Tenniel, and others who made names for themselves in literature and art. Leech was celebrated for the dainty feet and hands he gave to his English girls, and John Swain, for a considerable period, was specially employed in (cutting) hands and feet, because Leech said that he interpreted his drawings better than anyone else. While yet a young man be entered into partnership with H. Rimbault, one of a family of celebrated engravers. More in Grace's Guide

Tait, Arthur Fitzwilliam
See also Michael Darby Early railway prints page 54. Views on the Manchester & Leeds Railway, drawn from nature and on stone with a descriptive history by Edwin Butterworth, London: 1845. 34pp. 19 plates. Ottley 6195. Reprinted by Frank Graham, 1972. Jeffrey Wells. Aspects of the Manchester & Leeds Railway. Backtrack, 2021, 35, 636.

Taylor, Fred
Born in London in 1875; died in 1963. Stiudied at Goldsmiths' College and worked for Waring and Gillow. In 1930 commissioned to design four ceiling paintings for Lloyd's Underwriting Room.and Reed's Lacquer Room. During WW2 he worked on naval camouflage. He exhibited at the Royal Academy and worked for the Empire Marketing Board, the LNER, London Transport and several shipping companies. Publication: Yorkshire: a sketch book. LNER publication reviewed Locomotive Mag., 1924, 30, 230.

Tenniel, John
Born on 28 February 1820 in London; died 25 February 1914 iin London. Achieved great fame as illuiustrator of Lewis Carroll "Alice" books, but also known for his work in Punch. Penetrating assessment of his caricacture of railway board members and their attitude towards passener safety by Simmons in Express train. The vital statistics reflect the ODNB entry by L. Perry Curtis jun which makes no mention of Jack Simmons' observations nor Tenniel's dislike of the railway industry, but does record some of his unpleasant attitudes towards Jews, the Irish and Africans

Twining, Ernest W.

Van Anrooy, Anton
Painter and illustrator; born in 1870 in Zaltbommel, Netherlands; educated at Delft University and studied art at the Hague School of Art; moved to London in 1896 and became a British citizen; specialised in portraits, interiors and landscapes; designed posters for GWR and LNER, the most notable being: Olympic Games - travel via Harwich, 1928 illustrated in Cole and Durack. Died 1949.

Vaughan, Herbert Edmond
Graphic artist and poster designer born in Hampstead, London in 1896, the son of a jobber on the stock exchange.  Posters for Southern Railway: South for Winter Sunshine in 1929 (Lord Nelson class locomotive at head of express) and So Swiftly Home 1932  (Southern Electric including colour light signals). Died in 1996. See Cole and Durack

Ward, Laurie  
Draughtsman who recorded his observations in Journal of the Stephenson Locomotive Society. See Fell and Hennessey Backtrack, 2009, 23, 646. Was he the Ward who produced Modern locomotives published by Rylee of Birmingham? Also plates in Trains Annual 1953

Watts, Arthur George
Born in Rochester on 28 April 1883; died in a plane crash in the Alps on 20 July 1935 near Mesocco, Switzerland. Educated at Dulwich College and studied art at the Slade Art School and in Antwerp, Paris. Moscow and Madrid. Illustrator for Punch and posters for LMS including humorous map of Lake District. See Internet and Cole and Durack.

Way, Robert Barnard
Born in 1890. Ten titles listed in Ottley (mainly books for children). Website shows that cigarette cards and postcards produced by him. The World's railways and how they work

Weale, J.
Author of Description of the Patent locomotive steam engine. See also Michael Darby Early railway prints page 6

Weber, Audrey
1898 1981Illustrator:  whose birth and death dates are not exacgt posters for Southern Railway: series shown in See Cole and Durack

Welch, Victor
Andrew Dow's Memories of a railway childhood page 39 "The other presence of railways at the school was the occasional visit of my father, with films and a projectionist, to talk about railways. This was a typical public relations function, not only to foster general interest in railways, but also to encourage thoughts of joining the railway as a career. The projectionist on these occasions was almost certainly Vie Welch, who my father discovered buried in the depths of Euston House when he joined the London Midland Region in 1949. One year, my birthday party at home was a railway film show for friends, and Vie Welch probably did the honours then. But my father had discovered that he was a keen artist, and after getting him to produce some diagrammatic maps for use throughout the London Midland, he asked him to produce paintings for use in pictorial posters. The first was Trains of Our Times, which showed steam, diesel and electric trains at Bushey, and the second was Britain's First All-Electric Main Line, showing electrically-hauled trains on the Woodhead route. These launched him on a career as a commercial illustrator, and he left the railway, but thereafter he was always pleased to execute commissions for his old chief, who had set him on this path.
Nock's Scottish railways includes some of his best work.

Whatley, F.
Poster artist for LNWR, then LMS (waterfalls at Ingleton depicted in Cole and Durack) and more exotic locations for Southern Railway and perhaps East Coast  for LNER. Biographical details lacking

White, Ethelbert Basil
Born in Isleworth  in 1891 and died in 1972. Studied at St. John's Wood Art School. He painted in watercolour, illustrated books and engraved in wood. Naive style poster for Souther Railway. See Cole and Durack

Widgery, Frederick John
Born: in Exeter in May 1861, died 27 January 1942 in Newton Abbot. Son of a self-taught artist, but he was taught at the Exeter School of Art and in Antwerp and at Bushey. . Painted landscapes in watercolour and oils. At least one very bland poster for GWR. See Cole and Durack

Wilkinson, Norman
Born in Cambridge on 24 November 1878; died 31 May 1971. Educated at Berkhamsted School in Hertfordshire and at St. Paul's Cathedral Choir School in London. His early artistic training occurred in the vicinity of Portsmouth and Cornwall, and at Southsea School of Art, where he was later a teacher as well. He also studied with seascape painter Louis Grier, marine artist who created dazzle camouflage during WW1. For poster of Birthplace of Robert Burns (a poor poster) see Emblin Backtrack, 2014, 28, 356. Otherwise Wikipedia 2014-05-30. See also Cole and Durack. Covers for two LMS brochures published in 1928 reproduced in Backtrack, 2016, 30, 272. : one shows Turnberry golf course with Ailsa Craig and the other a very striking Arbroath Abbey. Mural at LMS School of Transport, Derby see Locomotive Mag., 1938, 44, 237. Comment on Sir Bertam MacKennal poster Speed.

Wolstenholme, Arthur Nigel
Articles by Geoff Courtney in Heritage Railway (March-April 2011 and August 2011) reveal more about A N Wolstenholme the artist whose pictures adorned many Ian Allan publications and BR posters from the 1940s onwards. Arthur Nigel Wolstenholme was born in January 1920 and died in June 2002 at the age of 82 in Watford where it is believed he had lived for at least 40 years and possibly for his entire life. He worked as a freelance technical and commercial artist and covered subjects beyond transport. Also Art Editor of Loco Profile series edited by Brian Reed. Images on FLIKR. A question of line. Trains Annual, 1948, 18-22: proposals for softening the outline of the Thompson and de-streamlined LMS Pacifics. Probably responsible for images on dust jacket for Master builders of steam (KPJ's favourite non-photographic images of locomotives).

Wood, Leslie Ashwell
Born in Stockport on 26 February 1920; ( states 1913) died 1994 when living in Poynton, Cheshire. He studied at the Manchester College of Art and Design and gained a travelling scholarship. Prevented from travelling abroad because of WW2, he instead went to London. In 1943, Wood showed some of his work to Faber and Faber, and was soon commissioned to take over illustration of Diana Ross' Little Red Engine books, and went on to illustrate many other children's books including the covers of the first fourteen Hugh Walters Chris Godrey of UNEXA series. Famed for Eagle comic cut-away drawings; also much in evidence in The World's railways and how they work.

Zimkeisen, Anna Katrina
Born in Kilcreggan, Dunbartonshire, on 28 August 1901, the second daughter of Victor Zinkeisen, a research chemist whose family, settled in Scotland for over a century, was of German origin, and Claire Bolton-Charles. The family moved to Harrow, Middlesex, in 1909. Zinkeisen began her art studies at a technical school, and in 1917 she entered the Royal Academy Schools where Orpen enncourage her t o study sculpture and subsequently she was commissioned to design ccircular plaqyues for Wedgwood. born in Kilcreggan, Dunbartonshire, on 28 August 1901, the second daughter of Victor Zinkeisen, a research chemist whose family, settled in Scotland for over a century, was of German origin, and Claire Bolton-Charles. Their youngest child was a son, Jack, and the family moved to Harrow, Middlesex, in 1909. Zinkeisen began her art studies young at a technical school, and in 1917 she entered the Royal Academy Schools. Best known as a designer of theatrical stage coistume. In 1938 she produced a poster The White Cliffs of Dover for the Southern Railway and another of Southampton Docks: these are framed and create a stagey atmosphere. See Cole and Durack and Alan Windsor ODNB entry

Zimkeisen, Doris Clare.
Born in 1898 and died in 1991. Designed poster for LNER showing transfer of relics of St. Cuthbert to Durham Cathedral. A very full Internet page shows  that the sisters were bright young things of the art world during the 1920s and 30s, and rubbed shoulders with theatrical stars like Noel Coward, John Gielgud, and Laurence Olivier. The family moved to Middlesex in 1909 where the sisters received home tutoring. The girls were constantly in hot water with their governess for sketching and doodling during lessons. Years later both sisters attended Harrow School of Art where they showed promise. Their unique style and precocious talent, led to both girls were awarded scholarships to the Royal Academy of Schools in Piccadilly. In 1935, Doris and Anna were both commissioned by John Brown and Company Shipbuilders of Clydebank, to paint murals in the Verandah Grill, restaurant, and nightclub on board the ocean liner, RMS Queen Mary. In the early spring of 1945, Doris worked as an official war artist. She was commissioned by the War Artists Advisory Committee which was part of the Ministry of Information, to travel to newly liberated Europe and record the activities of the north west Europe Commission of the Joint War Organization of the Red Cross and the Order of St John. Doris recorded the commission’s post-war relief activities as well as the rehabilitation and repatriation of prisoners of war. She travelled all over north west Europe by lorry and by air, and also recorded the activities that took place at the liberated Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. She had married Captain Grahame Johnstone and they had three children. After the death of her husband in 1946, Doris moved to Badlingham in Suffolk with her twin daughters and died at the age of 92 in 1991. Off Internet & Cole and Durack .