Christopher Valkoinen

Railways a history in drawings. Thames & Hudson National Railway Museum. 2021. 300 illustrations including diagrams
Foreword by Judith McNicol, Director of the National Railway Museum. The Museum has a huge collection of drawings which are stored in perfect conditions and available in a reasonable time if requested. As some are very large prior arrangements have to be made before access is granted.


Introduction Drawing office at Horwich Works in 1917 (photograph with staff at work) in 1917

7

Building an engine at Crewe Works. LMS poster Norman Wilkinson [5XP Patriot class under construction]

9

Detailed drawings of standard rivet heads. Caerphilly Works. July 1940

10

"Snake" chronology

12/13

Two Centuries of Locomotion: Party of schoolchilden and teachers underneath a sandwich frame 0-6-0PT craned up in Swindon Works

15

Stockton and Darlington Railway Horse Dandy [drawing of 1825] also replica in NRM Great Hall

16/17

Trevithick Tram Engine: John Llewellin drawing of 1803 and Thomas Rowlandson hand-coloured print of Catch-Me-Who-Can of 1808

18/19

William Brunton Walking engine: letter of 28 April 1813 with diagram of its legs (far too small to see)

20

Stockton and Darlington Railway Locomotion on plinth at Darlington North Road in 1860s (photograph)

20

Stockton and Darlington Railway Locomotion: Stephenson's heavily edited diagram

21

Liverpool and Manchester Railway locomotive Rocket Colour photograph of replica at NRM in 1982

22

Liverpool and Manchester Railway locomotive Rocket side & front elevation drawings of modified locomotive in July 1829

23

Liverpool and Manchester Railway a Planet type locomotive: lithograph by H. Austen with train

24

Liverpool and Manchester Railway a Planet type locomotive: side & front elevation drawings

25

Great Western Railway locomotive North Star photograph taken at Swindon in 1906 shortly before being scrapped

26

Great Western Railway locomotive North Star fragments of original drawing

27

London and North Western Railway DX class goods locoomotive photograph of two DX 0-6-0s at Stockport Edgeley engine shed

28

London and North Western Railway DX class goods locoomotive 1858 drawing

29

Great Northern Raillway Stirling Single class locomotive: No. 5 4-2-2 at York station

30

Great Northern Raillway Stirling Single class locomotive: Doncaster 8-ft single detailed working drawing: side elevation & plan

31

Duke of Sutherland's locomotive Dunrobin as housed on the Romney Hythe & Dymchurch Raillway in Kent (photograph)

32

Duke of Sutherland's locomotive Dunrobin detailed working drawing (elevation & plan) Sharp Stewart & Sons, Glasgow. Atlas Works

33

London Brighton and South Coast Railway A1 class 'Terrier' locomotive: photograph of No. 2678 hauls passenger train on Hayling Island in 1937

34

London Brighton and South Coast Railway A1 class 'Terrier' locomotive: Brighton Works detailed working drawing; elevation & plan

35

Great Western Railway City class and Abara class locomotives: photograph of City of Truro departing Shrewsbury in 1929

36

Great Western Railway City class and Abara class locomotives: frame plan elevation & plan

37

Vorath Never Stop Railway carriage: still from film of trial at Kursaal in Southend-on-Sea

38

Vorath Never Stop Railway carriage:: drawing elevations (side & end & plan)

39

London Midland and Scottish Railway 4P 4-4-0 Compound Locomotive: materials colour indicate which: drawing elevations (side & end & plan)

40/43

London and North Eastern Railway A1 Class Locomotive: No. 60103 Flying Scotsman on final journey under BR ownership (colour photograph)

44

London and North Eastern Railway A1 Class Locomotive: poster by A.R. Thompson Take me on the Flying Scotsman

45

London and North Eastern Railway A1 Class Locomotive: Doncaster Works sectional elevation drawings & plan (including side & front)

46X

Great Western Railway Castle class Locomotive: No. 4082 Windsor Castle with King George V & Chairman & General Manager & Collett on footplate with them

50

Great Western Railway Castle class Locomotive: Swindon frame plan No. 72265 Lot 224 232

50/51

Southern Railway Lord Nelson class locomotive: No. 859 Lord Hood emerges from tueenss at Dover on outward Golden Arrow

52

Southern Railway Lord Nelson class locomotive: general arrangement drawing signed Richard Maunsell (side & front elevations & cross sections) E 15232

53

Great Western Railway King class No. 6000 King George V with bell on express

54

Great Western Railway King class Locomotive: Swindon frame plan No. 82100 June 1927 Lot 243

55

London and North Eastern Railway W1 Class Locomotive No. 10000: general arrangement drawings (side elevation, cross sections & plan)

56/59

Nigel Gresley on platform at King's Cross with W1 on arrival with Flying Scotsman and its footplate crew on 8 January 1930 (photograph)

56

W1 being filmed on turntable at King's Cross

58

London, Midland and Scottish Railway Coronation class locomotive: general arrangement drawings (side elevation, cross sections & plan): Derby signed W.A. Stanier

60/63

No. 6261 Queen Elizabeth departing London Euston with Royal Train in 1938

62

London and North Eastern Railway A4 Class Locomotive: Doncaster general arrangement drawings (side elevation, cross sections & plan)

64/67

Mallard at Barkston Junction on 3 July 1938 prior to record breaking run (photograph)

64

Mallard at Peterborough on 3 July 1938 prior to record breaking run with Driver Joe Duddington, Fireman Tommy Gray & Inspector Sam Jenkins (photograph)

66

North Eastern Railway dynamometer car: general arrangement drawings (side elevation, cross sections & plan)

68/71

NER Bo Bo electric locomotive on test with dynamometer car: at Newport on 12 October 1921

68

Recording table inside dynamometer car: (colour photograph)

70

Southern Railway Merchant Navy class locomotive incomplete general arrangement drawing

72/73

No. 21C1 Channel Packet on trial at Swanley in March 1941

72

Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway 7F locomotive Derby Works general arrangement drawing

74/75

No. 80 shortly after completion in 1914 (photograph)

74

London, Midland and Scottish Railway 5MT 4-6-0 classs 'black five' locomotive: pipe & rod drawing. See also footnote 1

76/77

No. 45289 departs Liverpool Lime Street with an express through Edge Hill cutting

76

Great Western Railway 5700 class pannier tank locomotive: general arrangement drawing

78//79

No. L91 at Neasden depot in 1967. See also footnote 2

78

British Railways EM1 class locomotive: pipe arrangement drawing (elevation & plan)

80/81

No. E 26020 when new in 1951 with both pantographs raised (photograph)

80

London, Midland and Scottish Railway main line diesel locomotives

82

Proposed English Electric drawing for LNER of 21 February 1945 See also footnote 3@@

85

Nos. 10001 and 10000 on express train near Grayrigg in 1949 (photograph)

82

General arrangement drawing of Nos. 10001 and 10000 ((side elevation & plan) (the first successful diesel locomotives in the UK)

86/87

H.G. Ivatt with staff who built it outside Derby Works in front of No. 10000 (photograph)

84

English Electric proposals for LNER streamlined at front end diesel electric locomotives: side & front elevations & plans 6 April 1945 and 17 April 1945

85

British Railways Britannia class locomotive (side elevation & plan)

88/91

No. 70000 Britannia carrying the body of King George VI on the Royal Train leaving Paddington for Windsor on 11 February 1952 (photograph)

88

Draughtsman at Derby Works putting finishing touches on general arrangement drawing

90

General arrangement drawing (front, firebox and cab cross sectional)

91

British Railways English Electric Type 1 locomotive: No. D8010 on 6 November 1957 (photogtaph)

92/93

English Electric general arrangement drawing (side elevation & plan)

93

British Railways Western Region Type 4 locomotive: Swindon drawing of equipment layout in diesel hydraulic locomotive

94/95

No. D1041 Western Prince in Sonning Cutting in 1963

94

British Railways English Electric Type 'Deltic' locomotive English Electric dyeline copy of general arrangement drawing

96/97

Pair of Deltic locomotives (leading one No. 50013 The Black Watch) leaving York

96

British Railways AL3 Type locomotive: No. E3031 passes Stafford in 1963 (photograph)

98/99

General outline for British Railways AL3 side & end elevations & plans

99

British Rail Advanced Passenger Train — Experimental: British Rail Research Department general arrangement drawing

100/101

APT-E undergoes tilt testing mechanism (colour photograph)

100

Associated Electrical Industries Tracked Hovercraft

102/103

Tracked Hovercraft conceptual art (colour image)

102

AEI general arrangement drawing

103

London and North Eastern Railway P2 class locomotive

109/110

No. 2001 Cock o' the North on test on Vitry stationary testing plant in January 1935

109

The Railway Passenger

110/111

Carriages being constructed at LMS Wolverton Works c1928

111

Great Western Railway second class carriage: general arrangement diagram May 1839

112/113

Liverpool & Manchester Railway second and third class trains (colour prints)

112

Great Western Railway third class carriage: general arrangement diagram for passenger wagon of 1842

113/114

Vale of Neath Railway post 1844 Railway Regulation Act third class carriage with roof but without windows

113

Great Northern Railway third brake: general arrangement diagram (brake had a bird's nest look-out)

114/115

North London Railway train with bird's nest look-out for guard at Broad Street Station c1906

114

London & North Western Railway Royal Saloon: side elevation diagram of whole train

118/121

Queen Victoria's Royal Saloon on two six-wheel carriage frames (photograph)

118

Interior of Queen Victoria's Royal Saloon (colour photograph)

118

London Chatham and Dover Railway family carriage: Longhedge Works coloured general arrangement diagram

122/123

Dundee business man James Caird hired two (Pullman?) coaches and a locomotive for a Scottish family holiday (photograph)

122

Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway family carriage interior (photograph)

122

South Eastern and Chatham Railway tri-composite brake carriage: coloured general arrangement diagram signed Harry S. Wainwright

124/125

London and South Western Railway tri-composite brake carriage in National Collection (colour photograph)

124

Great Northern Railway first-class dining carriage: coloured general arrangement diagram of clerestory vehicle on six-wheel bogies

126/127

[Gresley articulated three car restaurant car for LNER Flying Scotsman with first-class, kitchen, and third-class cars] (photograph).

126

London Midland and Scottish Railway proposed sleeping compartment [extra bed in 1942] (drawing)

128/129

[Similar to above and implemented in 1962] (colour photograph)

128

Pullman cars on Midland Railway (photograph)

128

Great Northern Railway omnibus [horse drawn] coloured general arrangement drawing

130/131

LNWR omnibus outside Randall's Hotel, London (photograph)

131

Southern Railway suburban third-class motor coach general arrangement drawing No. 8417 to 8474

132/133

Suburban electric multiple unit at Guildford c1938 (photograph)

132

Blackpool Corporation open single-deck tramcar: English Electric general arrangement drawing

134/135

Midland Railway Blackpool poster: Pennines visible, but no trams (colour)

134

London and South Western Railway hearse carriage for the Necropolis Railway blueprint of general arrangement of vehicle of 1899

136/137

South Eastern & Chatham Railway platform hearse general arrangement drawing 2287

136

Entrance to Necropolis Station at Waterloo (photograph)

137

British Railways Cravens Ltd. diesel multiple unit: general arrangement drawing first- and second-class driving motor and second-class driving motor and trailer carriages for lightweight railcars

138/139

Interior of Cravens unit (photograph)

136

Freight on the railways: Sheffield Wicker goods yard in 1912: horses on road wagons

140/141

Shildon Works coal wagon: drawing of Stockton & Darlington Railway chaldron wagon in 1854

142/143

Stockton & Darlington Railway chaldron wagon in 1875 to mark Golden Jubilee (photograph)

142

Festiniog Railway slate wagon: LNWR Earlstown Works drawing of slate wagon for Festiniog Railway 1888

144/145

Festiniog gravity train of slate wagons descends line near Moelwyn Tunnel (photograph)

144

Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway fish van: Newton Heath Carriage Works drawing

146/147

Fish to be loaded into fish van at Fleetwood on 31 October 1910 (photograph)

146

London & North Western Railway cattle wagon: blueprint of LNWR cattle wagon with drover's compartment

148/149

Loading horse into a special horsebox in 1950s with a groom's compartment (photograph)

148

Great Western Railway Post Office van: November 1883 drawing Lot 238 No. 4121

150/151

Postal workers sorting mail in Great Western Railway Post Office van (photograph)

150

LNWR bogie vehicle with bags lowered and net extended (demonstration photograph)

150

W.H. Smith newspaper van: Wolverton Works drawing of newspaper vans built for Messrs W.H. Smith & Sons

152/153

W.H. Smith bookstall at Manchester Victoria in 1926 promoting Hutchinson's Marvels of the Universe as well as childrens railway picture books (photograph)

152

Newspapers being sorted at Paddington in preparation for 11.30 p.m. departure on 5 February 1910. Evening Standard headline concerned Sackville Case (Lord Sackville inheritance (photograph)

152

London and North Western Railway dog carriage: LNWR Wolverton drawing: six-wheel carriage: side & end elevations & plan

154/155.

Sketch of interior of LNWR dog carriage from an advert in Cruft's catalogue

154

British Railways exhibition stand at Cruft's Show in 1937 (photograph)

154

Southern Railway scenery van: bogie: side & end elevations & plan

156/157

Elephants from Chipperfield's Circus being loaded at Colchester en route to Rome to star in 1963 film Cleopatra (photograph)

156

Great Western Railway 120 ton trolley: drawing exceptional loads, Swindon

158/159

LNER electrical gennerator stator for power station departing Heaton Works of C.A. Parsons on trolley with two cantilevers & 56 wheels

158

Railway workers

160/161

Bishop's Stortford Station in 1870s: amputee with right arm & leg lost

161

Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Directors Saloon: Newton Heath drawing: side & end & interior elevations & plan

162/163

Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Directors Saloon: interior (photograph)

162

London Brighton and South Coast Railway I3 class oiling diagram: 4-4-2T side elevation

164 /165

Clear Road Ahead (Cuneo poster: colour): Taunton Castle with driver driving & fireman firing

164

Great Western Railway goods brake van (narrow, but equals standard) gauge. Swindon side & end elevations & plan

166/167

GWR passenger guard giving right away c1907 (photograph)

166

Goods guard giving right away at  night at  Bishopsgate in 1962  (colour photograph)

166

British Railways Sutton Bridge East Signal Box: coloured drawings: side & front elevations & plan (Cambridge Engineers Department September 1952)

168/169

Signalmen at work in St. Pancras Junction Signal Box in 1912 (photograph)

168

North Eastern Railway Leeming Bar station master's house: side & end elevations & plans for two storeys 14 March 1914

170/171

Staff at Clapham Junction station c1910 (photograph)

170

Leeming Bar station with house on left (photograph)

170

Great Western Railway permanent way trolley Swindon December 1873 (coloured diagram)

172/173

Permanent way workers on LMS renewing track in 1923 with train passing on adjacent track (photograph)

172

Footnotes
1. Type illustrated is a Stanier Black Five 4-6-0: drawing is of an Ivatt modified v ersion with Caprotti rotary cam valve gear and double chimney
2. Locomotive illustrated was one of very small number sold to London Transport's Engineering Department
3. Very interesting drawing, but why is it on an "LMS page?": it even has a Bugatti-style streamlining 21 February 1945

Building an engine at Crewe Works. LMS poster. Norman Wilkinson. 1930
Probably a 5XP 4-6-0 Patriot class

GWR Standard Rivert Heads. Caerphilly Works. July 1940

Chronology "snake"
Diagram listing railway developments in date order: 2 examples follow:
3 May 1835
Brussels to Mechelen—first capital city to be served by a main line railway
31 May 1838
First section of Great Western broad gauge opened

Swindon Erercting Shop [photograph] 1926
Party of school children with an 0-6-0PT (No, 1260?) above them on a crane and 2-cylinder 4-6-0 alongside

Stockton & Darlington Railway. Horse Dandy
Replica of Horse Dandy in Great Hall (colour photograph)
Drawing of Horse Dandy used by Stockton & Darlington Railway whe opened in 1825

Trevithick's Tram Engine
As exhibited in London: drawing by John Llewellin. Page 18
Hand coloured print of Catch-Me-Who-Can in Euston Square

Stockton & Darlington Railway. Locomotion
William Brunton walking engine: letter from him describing steam legs with diagram: too small to see
Locomotion on displsy at North Road station Darlington (photograph)
Stephenson much edited diagram of Locomotion

Liverpool & Manchester Railway locomotive Rocket. Page 22
Working replica at National Railway Museum in 1982 colour photograph
Liverpool & Manchester Railway locomotive Rocket in modified form July 1829 Robert Stephenson & Co. (drawing side & front elevations). Page 23.