Locomotive Magazine and Railway Carriage and Wagon Review
Volume 25 (1919)

key to all volumes

Number 317 (15 January 1919)

4-8-2 type locomotives for the South African Rys. 1. illustration
Built at the Montreal Works of the American Locomotive Company to design of D.A. Hendrie, Chief Mechanical Engineer.

Great Northern Ry. 1
New 521 Class 0-6-0 goods engines: Nos. 601, 602 and 603. 0-8-0 mineral engine No. 429 had been rebuilt with larger boiler like No. 420. Stirling 0-6-0 goods engines, Nos. 342 and 1100, rebuilt with larger boilers.
New water troughs at Langley Junction.

Messrs. Wm. Beardmore & Co. Ltd. of Dalmuir. 1
To manufacture locomotives at their Naval Construction yard

Cambrian Rys. 1.
Herbert E. Jones, locomotive superintendent since 1899 retired at end of 1918. G.C. McDonald, Chief Engineer, also to act as Locomotive Superintendent

Engines for the Corean Railways (4ft. 8½in. gauge). 2-3. 2 illustrations
Locomotives for Korean Government Railways to orders of Mitsui & Co., Japan: American Locomotive Co. 4-4-0 (outside cylinder) and Baldwin Locomotive Works 4-6-4T

Shunting locomotives, Caledonian Ry. 3. diagram (side elevation)
Outside-cylinder (17 x 22in) with 4ft coupl;ed wheels to design of W. Pickersgill, built St. Rollox Works. Capable of traversing sharp curves

A giganic smash "to order". 2. illustration
Retreating German troops blew up bridges and ran locomotives and rolling stock into gaps: photograph shows Makini River bridge in East Africa

P.C. Dewhurst. The Jamaica Government Railway. and its locomotives. 4-7. 5 illustrations, map, diagram

T.H. Sanders. Laminated railway springs. 7-9. 4 diagrams

The standardization of locomotives and rolling stock. 9-11

G.F. Tyas. Early locomotives of the Alsace-Lorraine State Railways. 12-13. 2 illustrations

Automatic couplers and continuous brakes for good trains in New South Wales. 13-14. diagram

Old locomotives of the Poti-Tiflis Railway, Russia. 14-15. 2 illustrations

Rebuilding an Indian Prince's private train. 16-17. 2 illustrations, 2 diagrams
Maharaja Scindia of Gwalior's train rebuilt by Great Indian Peninsula Railway workshops.

Number 319 (15 March 1919)

Four-cylinder express locomotive, Dutch Central Railway. 33-4. illustration
J.H. Gehlen, chief mechanical engineer: 4-6-0 with Schmidt superheater. Tender had eight wheels: two on rigid axles and others on bogie. Painted dark brown.

Rebuilt 2-6-0 goods locomotive, New South Wales Government Rys. 34. illustration
No. 407 illustrated. E.E.Lucy at Eveleigh Works fitted with Belpaire boiler with increased surface

Tank engines on American railways. 34
Tender locomotives tended to be used for shunting due to the tightness of the couplers.

Great Central Ry. 34
2-8-0 No. 353 fitted with a mechanical stoker. No. 416 Lord Faringdon was stationed at Neasden shed.

L. & N. W. Ry. goods engine in service in France. 35

Notes on british locomotives on active service. 35-6. 5 illustrations
During WW1 about 700 locomotives belonging to the railways of the United Kingdom were sent overseas to the various areas of operation for the use of the Railway Operating, Department. Readers on active service sent us at times notes of various locomotives that had come under their notice, but, for obvious reasons, the information could not be published. Now that the various restrictions had been withdrawn, we are able to publish photographs, taken in France, of some of the engines and also an interesting snapshot of two Belgian locomotives at Willesden, en route for heavy repairs at Crewe Works. Practically all the locomotives sent overseas were of the goods or mixed traffic classes. We have the numbers of 111 L. & N.W.R. engines in France, eighty-five being of the 0-6-0 type and twenty-six 0-8-0. The G.W.R. sent about sixty 0-6-0 tender engines, to France, as well as several to Salonica, and the latter were provided with large cabs and sunshades. Twelve of the new 2-6-0 mixed traffic engines were despatched as they were finished off at Swindon (Nos. 5320 up) and were reported to have done excellent work. Sixteen G.C.R. 0-8-0 and seventeen 0-6-0 were sent out in 1916, and these were followed by two hundred and ninety-five of the 2-8-0 superheaters, built to Mr. Robinson's designs by the North British Locomotive Co., Robert Stephenson & Co., Naysmith, Wilson & Co., and Kitson & Co. The North Eastern supplied over forty engines mostly of the 0-8-0 type, and we understand two were sunk in a torpedoed ship. The G.N.R. sent overseas about a dozen 0-6-0 goods engines and lent a few 0-8-0 mineral engines to the N.E. Ry. The S.E. & C.R. were the first to send engines to France, these being five 0-6-0 Kirtley side tanks, which were used for shunting at Boulogne from the early days of the war. Forty-three goods engines were taken from the G.E.R. stock, and about seventy or eighty from the Midland. Of the L. and Y. 0-6-0 goods engines about thirty went to France, but we learn that several 0-8-0 compounds were at Salonica. Several 0-6-2 radial tanks were furnished by the L.B. & S.C. Ry. for France. Thirty L. & S.W.R. goods engines (built by Neilson) were sent to Egypt and Palestine, and four of these went down in the Arabic. A few also were sent to Mesopotamia. Several trains of North London carriages were in service at Salonica. Amongst the first engines taken over by the R.O.D. were fifteen of the fine 4-6-4 tanks built by Beyer, Peacock & Co. for the Dutch State Rys. A few Glasgow-built 4-6-0 tender engines intended for the Transcontinental Ry. of Australia were diverted for service in France also. Of the Scotch railways the North British and the Caledonian seem to have been the only lines to have supplied engines, several 0-6-0 of both lines being reported. The Caledonian sent forty, and it is worth noting their numbers have been filled up in the C.R. list. The N.B.R. sent at least a dozen 0-6-0. The Baldwin Co. built seventy 2-8-0 tender engines,

The Highland Railway and its locomotives. 37-8. 2 illustrations

Number 322 (14 June 1919)

New goods engines, Cambrian Railways. 83; 85. illustration, diagram (side elevation)
Built by Beyer Peacock: ordered in 1915 but delivery delayed by WW1. Fitted with Ross Pop safety valves as shown in diagram, but illustrated with No. 31 of 1908 series, fitted with Ramsbottom type safety valves. Ordered by Herbert E. Jones, late Locomotive, Carriage & Wagon Superintendent

2-8-0 mixed traffic locomotive, Great Western Railway. 84-5. illustration, diagram (side elevation)
Churchward 47XX class: No. 4700 illustrated

The Channel train ferries.  91-3. 4 illustrations
Ships and berthing facilities at Richborough: latter designed by F.O. Stamford

Wagons for the Mesopotamian Railways. 100. 2 illustrations
Built at Khargpur shops of the Bengal Nagpur Railway

Number 323 (15 July 1919)

Three-cylinder "Uniflow" locomotive, North Eastern Ry.  101-3. illuustration,  2 diagrams (side elevations)

Locomotive for burning puverized fuel, Great Central Ry. 103-4. 2 illustrations

Further notes on locomotives for war service. 105-7. 4 illustrations
Four Baldwin Locomotive Works designs ordered under the supervision of Rendel, Palmer & Tritton, Consulting Engineers to the War Office: 2-8-0, 4-6-0, 2-6-2ST and 0-6-0T: leading dimensions tabulated. Also lists other locomotives supplied to the Railway Operating Division with their operating numbers, locomotives supplied by the British main line companies for service in France (e.g. CR 0-6-0 and NER 0-8-0), the suppliers of narrow gauge locomotives for service near the Front and lcomotives in Belgium.

N.E. Ry 0-8-0 goods engine at St. Etienne Shops of the R.O.D. illustration
R.O.D. 939 (photograph only)

P.C. Dewhurst. The Jamaica Government Ry. and its locomotives. 108-10. 5 illustrations

The work of the British Engineering Standards Association as applied to locomotives and rolling stock. 110-12. 4 diagrams
Steel plates, angles and rivets for locomotives; Copper plates for locomotive fireboxes; Copper rods for locomotive stays, rivets, etc.; Copper tubes for locomotive boilers; Brass tubes for locomotive boilers; Seamless copper tubes for locomotive fuel pipes, etc; Copper-drawn weldless steel tubes for locomotive boilers; Charcoal iron lapwelded boiler tubes.

[Metre gauge locomotive at Shaiba Repair Shops, Mesopotamia]. 112.
Photograph of small tank engine captured from German Army at Baghdad.

T.H. Sanders. Laminated railway springs. Section II: Sub-section II. 113-17. 3 diagrams, table

Labour-saving locomotives, New South Wales Govt. Rys. 117

"The Cologne Express", British Army Service. 117-18.

Train lighting notes. 119, illustration

New coal wagons, Bengal Nagpur Ry. 118. illustration
Four wheel 21 ton for locomotive coal

Number 324 (15 August 1919)

Consolidation locomotives: Madras & Southern Mahratta Ry. 121. illustration
Standard 2-8-0 built by Kitson & Co. Ltd.

2-6-0 mixed traffic locomotive, Chemin de Fer du Nord. 122-3. diagram (side elevation)

Four-coupled passenger engines, Ulster Ry. 124-5. 2 illustrations
Four 2-4-0 with 6ft diameter coupled wheels built by Beyer Peacock in 1863 WN 367-70; original RN 126-9 named Ulster, Munster Leinster and Connaught. Rebuilt by Great Northern Railway (Ireland); first not scapped until 1903.

W. Paterson and H.C. Webster. Locomotive coal. 125-9. 6 diagrams

Number 325 (15 September 1919)

New superheater "Clan" class passenger locomotive, Highland Ry. 139. illustration
C. Cumming, locomotive, carriage and wagon superintendent of the Highland Ry., supplied accompanying photograph and particulars of one of the new class of 4-6-0 passenger engines intended principally for working heavy trains between Inverness and Perth. Four of these engines had been delivered by R. and W. Hawthorn, Leslie & Co., Ltd., Newcastle-on-Tyne, and were performing excellent work with heavy train loads on the gradients over the Grampians. The engines had cylinders 21 in. diameter, with a stroke of 26 in. The coupled wheels were 6 ft. in diameter and the total wheel base of engine and tender 50 ft. Length of engine and tender over buffers 59 ft. 3 in. As noted in our last issue these engines bear names and numbers as follows: 49 Clan Campbell, (illustrated) 51 Clan Fraser, 52 Clan Munro (all stationed at Perth) and 53 Clan Stewart (at Inverness). The boiler was fitted with a Robinson superheater, working on the circulating damperless system, while the horizontal outside cylinders had pistons provided with tail rods, are supplied with Robinson piston valves of the inside admission pattern, actuated by Walschaert valve gear. Wakefield's mechanical lubricator supplied oil to the valves, pistons, etc., as well as to all wheel bearings except the bogie wheels. The Belpaire firebox is surmounted with Ross patent " pop " safety valves, the working pressure of the boiler being 170 lb. per sq. in. The heating surface of the tubes was 919 ft2. and of the superheater smoke tubes 409 ft2. while the fire-box provides an additional 139 ft2. making the total surface exposed to heat 1,467 ft2

London & North Western Ry. 139
Further 4-6-0 passenger engines of Prince of Wales class were in hand at Crewe½Nos. 444, 497, 501, 522, 601, 783, 924, 1125, 1290 and 1307. Of the thirty 2-8-0 mineral engines, which the L. & N.W. Ry. had taken over from the Ministry of Munitions, nine were in service bearing L. & N. W. numbers, as follows: 56, 67, 635, 686, 812, 969, 1325, 1341 and 1620. Nos. 1902 Black Prince and 1939 Temeraire, four-cylinder compounds of the Jubilee class were being converted into two-cylinder simples of the Renown class. No. 1285, four-cylinder compound mineral engine, had been converted to simple and superheated. Engines recently withdrawn from service were Nos. 3179, 3197 and 3275 (Special DX goods) ; 686 (2-4-2 tank) and 3088 (Coal engine). No. 973, 18-in. tank, has been fitted with slide valves.

Shunting loco. with spark arresting chimney, G.W. Ry. 140.
Several of the 0-6-0 shunting tank engines of the Great Western Ry. were fitted during the WW1 period with very effective conical spark arresting chimneys, for use at the National Shell Factory at Hayes, the Ordnance and Air Force Depot at Didcot and other points where munitions were dealt with. By the courtesy of G.J. Churchward, chief mechanical engineer, we are able to reproduce a photograph of one of the engines so equipped. The engine is one of a numerous class built at Swindon, in December, 1877, with cylinders 17 in. by 24 in., and 4 ft. 6 in. coupled wheels. Originally they had saddle tanks, but had been rebuilt in recent years and supplied with the standard wing or pannier tanks of 800 gallons capacity. The special chimney shown is easily detached when desired, and is designed to churn and break up the sparks so that they are completely extinguished by the time they escape to the atmosphere. Illustrated 0-6-0PT No. 1282

North British Ry. 140
The twenty-five goods engines (18 in. by 26 in.) which were sent to France had returned to Cowlairs Works and were undergoing light repairs before recommencing work on the N. B. Ry. All these engines, which were built by Holmes, were rebuilt between 1912 and 1915 with large boilers and the new square cabs. At the suggestion of Whitelaw, the chairman, they were being named after something or somebody connected with the Great War. The new names are painted on the driving splashers. Those noted so far were—No. 176 French, 608 Foch, 650 Haig, 648 Byng, 661 Old Bill, 662 Birdwood, 682 Joffre, others were Plumer, Rheims, and St. Quentin. All locomotives on the N. B. Ry. were being classified by letters. The classification plate was put on the cab or bunker sides directly above the ordinary number plate.

Furness Ry. 140
Five tank engines of the 4-6-4 type had been ordered from Kitson & Co., Ltd., Leeds. These engines were claimed to be 33% more powerful than any other class in service on the system. The cylinders would be 19½ in. diameter and 26 in. stroke, placed between the frames, and fitted with piston valves on top, driven by ordinary link motion. The coupled wheels will be 5 ft. 8 in. diameter, 6 ft. 7½ in. centres, with an axle weight of about 18¼ tons. The boiler 5 ft. in diameter, and fitted with Belpaire firebox, having a total heating surface of about 2,000 sq. ft. and a grate area of 26 sq. ft. The working pressure 170 psi. Tractive force at 85 per cent. of the working pressure 21,000 lbf. Estimated total weight 95 tons, and the capacity of the tanks 2,200 gallons of water ; the bunker will carry four tons of coal. An engine of this type and weight has been rendered possible by the strengthening of the various viaducts and bridges which has taken place during the past ten years. At the carriage shops of the Furness Ry. at Barrow a number of third-class bogie carriages were in hand. These vehicles to have nine compartments, the length over mouldings being 57 ft. and the extreme width 9 ft. Pressed steel bogies of Leeds Forge manufacture with 9 ft. wheelbase to be used, having their centre pivots spaced 39 ft. apart. Electric lighting throughout is by Vickers' system. The underframe is of steel and the body built up of teak and oak. Steel disc wheels will be used. Steam heat and vacuum brake and alarm signals in each compartment are to be fitted. The coaches painted the new style of blue, with gilt lettering.

Cambrian Rys. 140
Considerable improvements made in summer service. The through bi-weekly train from Birmingham ran from Moat Lane to Dovey Junction and did not stop at Machynlleth. On the return journey it ran from Machynlleth to Welshpool, this being the only stop between Machynlleth and Wolverhampton. Also one train daily and another on Saturdays does not stop at Oswestry, but runs through from Welshpool to Whitchurch.

Kerr, Stuart & Co., Ltd. , etc. 140
Contract for eight 0-4-4 tank locomotives from the Metropolitan Ry. Eleven 4-6-0 type locomotives for the Ceylon Government Rys. to be built by Robert Stephenson & Co., Ltd. Hawthorn, Leslie & Co., Ltd., were to build six 2-8-0 tender engines for the Gold Coast Govt. Rys., and Nasmyth, Wilson & Co. two 4-8-0 type for the Uganda Ry. Orders had been placed with the North British Locomotive Co., Ltd., for sixteen 4-6-2 type locomotives for the Federated Malay States Rys., as well as ten engines for the Sudan Govt. Rys. All these engines are to be fitted with the Robinson superheater.

Messrs. Vivian & Sons Works locomotives, Swansea. 141-3. 5 illustrations

James Watt. 143-4.

Storage battery locomotive, Park Works, Manchester. 144-5

Enlarging the loading gauge of our railways. 145-6.  diagram

T.H. Sanders. Laminated railway springs, Section II. Mathematical design of the spring. Sub-Section C. The design, 146-7. 3  diagrams

The London & South Western Ry. locomotive history. 153.

P.C. Dewhurst. The Jamaica Government Ry. and its locomotives. 153-5. 4 illustrations

Transfers on rolling stock. 156-7. 8  diagrams

E.L. Ahrons. Locomotives of the Egyptian State Railways. 157-60. 6 illustrations

North Wales Granite Co. 160. illustration
Former Metropolitan Railway No. 34 4-4-0T built by Beyer Peacock in 1879, sold to Bradford Corporation in 1906 for service on the Nidd Valley Light Railway when named Milner, but was too heavy and sold in January 1914 to the North Wales Granite Co. where it was named Conway.

The late Mr. Andrew Carnegie. 160

Number 327 (15 November 1919)

Contractors' locomotives for the Yorkshire Iron & Coal Co. 174. illustration
Peckett & Sons Ltd 0-4-0ST wwith pop safety valves for collieries at Ardsley

4-6-0 mixed traffic engines, Great Central Railway. 175-6. illustration
Shared most of its components with the Robinson 2-8-0: the exception being the 5ft 8in coupled wheels

4-6-0 type express locomotive, London & South Western Ry. 176-7. illustration
No class name given for this two-cylinder engine with 6ft 7in coupled wheels: later known as the N15 class, but full technical details including 22 x 26 in cylinders and 30ft2 grate area.

E.E. Joynt. The modern locomotives of the Great Southern & Western Railway. 177-9. 3 diagrams (side elevations)
4-8-0T, 4-4-0 No. 331 and light 0-6-0T built in 1899 for Fermoy & Mitchelstown branch

The Acme crank-shaft scrapping machine. 179. illustration

The Wisbech and Upwell Tramway. 180-1. 2 illustrations

Locomotive tyre boring. 181-4. 3 illustrations, 4 diagrams

Air-spray painting for carriages and wagons. 184-6. illustration, 2 diagrams

Number 328 (15 December 1919)

Trial of the first locomotive built at Scotswood Works, Sir W.G. Armtrong, Whitworth & Co. Ltd. 205. illustration
Delivery of Raven 2-cylinder 0-8- (No. 2253 illustrated) on 12 November 1919; guest conveyed by special train from Newcastle Central to Scotswood Works where Raven drove the locomotive away breaking red, white and blue ribbons. 50 on order. R.B. McColl was manager of the new locomotive manufacturing department.

Mr. J.H. Smellie, D.S.O., O.B.E. 205
Appointed to officiate as locomomotive superintendent of the North Western State Ry of India

Three-cylinder eight-coupled mineral locomotive, North Eastern Ry. 206; 207. illustration, diagram (side elevation)
Raven T3 class 0-8-0

Mr Ingham Sutcliffe. 207
Appointed Assistant Chieg Mechanical Enginner Royal Siamese State Railways

Six-coupled side tank engiune: North British Ry. 207. diagram (side & front elevations)
Compact 0-6-0T: treated as a new design

Consolidation for the French State Rys. 208-9. illustration
2-8-0 supplied by Vulcan Foundry.

Snowplough, South Hetton Colliery. 209-10. illustration
Hackworth 0-6-0 used at Seaham Harbour

Electric battery locomotive for an Irish shipyard. 210. 2 illustrations
Tramcar type equipment supplied by British Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Co. Photograph shows locomotive hauling a Dublin & South Eastern Railway wagon.

P.C. Dewhurst. The Jamaica Government Railway and its locomotives. 211-13. 5 illustrations
Baldwin 2-8-2 WN 36163-4/1913 RN 35-6 (No. 35 illustrated); Kitson 0-6-0T WN 4937/1913 RN 3 for Rio Minho Valley branch. Baldwin 2-8-2 WN 41059-61; 41298. RN 37-40. Locomotive stock renumbered. Baldwin 4-8-2 WN 43559-60 RN 40-1. Locomotive livery black with white lines. Kingston works employed 500.

Great Eastern Ry. 213
Twenty 1500 class 4-6-0 being suupllied by Beardmore to have Nos. 1541-60. Also five superheated goods Nos. 1250-4.

E.L. Ahrons. The Swindon Locomotive Works of the Great Western Railway. 214-25. 10 illustrations, 12 diagrams, plan

Modern machine tools made by Sir W.G. Armstrong, Whitworth & Co. Ltd. 226-7. 3 diagrams
Diagrams of driving chuck for locomotive wheel lathe, and of the wheel lathe; also mentions large vertical drilling machine for locomotive boiler shells and cylinder boring machines

North British Ry. 227
W.P. Reid to retire at end of 1919 and to be succeeded by Walter Chalmers, chief draughtsman at Cowlairs. John P. Grassick to be locomotive running superintendent.

Belfast and County Down Ry. 227
R.G. Miller, locomotive, carriage and wagon superintendent. had retired after forty years service and been succeeded by J.L. Crosthwaite.

An improved grinding wheel. 227
Manufactured  by Bridgeport Safety Emery Wheel Co. in USA 

Pneumatic tools. 228-9. illustration, diagram
Pneumatic hammers and drills: latter included Little David. Manufactured by Ingersoll-Rand Co.

T.H. Sanders. Laminated railway springs. Section II: Mathematical design of spring. Sub-Section C. The design. 229-31. 2 diagrams