Locomotive Magazine and Railway Carriage and Wagon Review
Volume 25 (1919)

key to all volumes

Number 317 (15 January 1919)

4-8-2 type locomotives for the South African Rys. 1. illustration
Built at the Montreal Works of the American Locomotive Company to design of D.A. Hendrie, Chief Mechanical Engineer.

Great Northern Ry. 1
New 521 Class 0-6-0 goods engines: Nos. 601, 602 and 603. 0-8-0 mineral engine No. 429 had been rebuilt with larger boiler like No. 420. Stirling 0-6-0 goods engines, Nos. 342 and 1100, rebuilt with larger boilers.
New water troughs at Langley Junction.

Messrs. Wm. Beardmore & Co. Ltd. of Dalmuir. 1
To manufacture locomotives at their Naval Construction yard

Cambrian Rys. 1.
Herbert E. Jones, locomotive superintendent since 1899 retired at end of 1918. G.C. McDonald, Chief Engineer, also to act as Locomotive Superintendent

Engines for the Corean Railways (4ft. 8½in. gauge). 2-3. 2 illustrations
Locomotives for Korean Government Railways to orders of Mitsui & Co., Japan: American Locomotive Co. 4-4-0 (outside cylinder) and Baldwin Locomotive Works 4-6-4T

Shunting locomotives, Caledonian Ry. 3. diagram (side elevation)
Outside-cylinder (17 x 22in) with 4ft coupl;ed wheels to design of W. Pickersgill, built St. Rollox Works. Capable of traversing sharp curves

A giganic smash "to order". 2. illustration
Retreating German troops blew up bridges and ran locomotives and rolling stock into gaps: photograph shows Makini River bridge in East Africa

P.C. Dewhurst. The Jamaica Government Railway. and its locomotives. 4-7. 5 illustrations, map, diagram

T.H. Sanders. Laminated railway springs. 7-9. 4 diagrams
Introduction

The standardization of locomotives and rolling stock. 9-11

G.F. Tyas. Early locomotives of the Alsace-Lorraine State Railways. 12-13. 2 illustrations

Automatic couplers and continuous brakes for good trains in New South Wales. 13-14. diagram

Old locomotives of the Poti-Tiflis Railway, Russia. 14-15. 2 illustrations

Rebuilding an Indian Prince's private train. 16-17. 2 illustrations, 2 diagrams
Maharaja Scindia of Gwalior's train rebuilt by Great Indian Peninsula Railway workshops.

Number 319 (15 March 1919)

Four-cylinder express locomotive, Dutch Central Railway. 33-4. illustration
J.H. Gehlen, chief mechanical engineer: 4-6-0 with Schmidt superheater. Tender had eight wheels: two on rigid axles and others on bogie. Painted dark brown.

Rebuilt 2-6-0 goods locomotive, New South Wales Government Rys. 34. illustration
No. 407 illustrated. E.E.Lucy at Eveleigh Works fitted with Belpaire boiler with increased surface

Tank engines on American railways. 34
Tender locomotives tended to be used for shunting due to the tightness of the couplers.

Great Central Ry. 34
2-8-0 No. 353 fitted with a mechanical stoker. No. 416 Lord Faringdon was stationed at Neasden shed.

L. & N. W. Ry. goods engine in service in France. 35

Notes on british locomotives on active service. 35-6. 5 illustrations
During WW1 about 700 locomotives belonging to the railways of the United Kingdom were sent overseas to the various areas of operation for the use of the Railway Operating, Department. Readers on active service sent us at times notes of various locomotives that had come under their notice, but, for obvious reasons, the information could not be published. Now that the various restrictions had been withdrawn, we are able to publish photographs, taken in France, of some of the engines and also an interesting snapshot of two Belgian locomotives at Willesden, en route for heavy repairs at Crewe Works. Practically all the locomotives sent overseas were of the goods or mixed traffic classes. We have the numbers of 111 L. & N.W.R. engines in France, eighty-five being of the 0-6-0 type and twenty-six 0-8-0. The G.W.R. sent about sixty 0-6-0 tender engines, to France, as well as several to Salonica, and the latter were provided with large cabs and sunshades. Twelve of the new 2-6-0 mixed traffic engines were despatched as they were finished off at Swindon (Nos. 5320 up) and were reported to have done excellent work. Sixteen G.C.R. 0-8-0 and seventeen 0-6-0 were sent out in 1916, and these were followed by two hundred and ninety-five of the 2-8-0 superheaters, built to Mr. Robinson's designs by the North British Locomotive Co., Robert Stephenson & Co., Naysmith, Wilson & Co., and Kitson & Co. The North Eastern supplied over forty engines mostly of the 0-8-0 type, and we understand two were sunk in a torpedoed ship. The G.N.R. sent overseas about a dozen 0-6-0 goods engines and lent a few 0-8-0 mineral engines to the N.E. Ry. The S.E. & C.R. were the first to send engines to France, these being five 0-6-0 Kirtley side tanks, which were used for shunting at Boulogne from the early days of the war. Forty-three goods engines were taken from the G.E.R. stock, and about seventy or eighty from the Midland. Of the L. and Y. 0-6-0 goods engines about thirty went to France, but we learn that several 0-8-0 compounds were at Salonica. Several 0-6-2 radial tanks were furnished by the L.B. & S.C. Ry. for France. Thirty L. & S.W.R. goods engines (built by Neilson) were sent to Egypt and Palestine, and four of these went down in the Arabic. A few also were sent to Mesopotamia. Several trains of North London carriages were in service at Salonica. Amongst the first engines taken over by the R.O.D. were fifteen of the fine 4-6-4 tanks built by Beyer, Peacock & Co. for the Dutch State Rys. A few Glasgow-built 4-6-0 tender engines intended for the Transcontinental Ry. of Australia were diverted for service in France also. Of the Scotch railways the North British and the Caledonian seem to have been the only lines to have supplied engines, several 0-6-0 of both lines being reported. The Caledonian sent forty, and it is worth noting their numbers have been filled up in the C.R. list. The N.B.R. sent at least a dozen 0-6-0. The Baldwin Co. built seventy 2-8-0 tender engines,

The Highland Railway and its locomotives. 37-8. 2 illustrations

Number 320 (15 April 1919)

Mogul locomotive, Italian State Railways. 47-8. illustration. 2 diagrams (side elevations including one sectional)
Originally intended for the Roumanian State Railways and being built by Officine Meccaniche of Milan was diverted to the Italian State Railways during WW1.

Armoured trains fpr the defence of the East Coast. 49-50. illustration
Reproduced in NBR Study Group Jounal Number 122 page 12 but the illustrations are different: latter fitted with a cowcatcher on gun truck and has a wire fence in foreground and lacks buildings behind

Washing out locomotive boilers. 53-4.

Number 321 (15 May 1919)

Belgian State Ry. locomotive repaired at Stratford. 63. illustration
Engine No. 3783 built at SA Thirian of La Croyère in 1908, a superheated 0-6-0, following McIntosh Caledonian Railway design, had been overhauled at Stratford with new cylinders and motion and Great Eastern chimney. Work done on behalf of Railway Operating Department: tender lettered ROD.

Weston, Clevedon & Portishead Ry. 63
Receipt of new Manning Wardle & Co. inside-cylinder 0-6-0T WN 1970/1919. K&ESR No. 2 Northiam had been in service on line. Former GWR 2-4-0T No. 4 named Hesperus.

Lord Jellicoe arrival in India. 64. illustration
Lord Jellicoe arrived at Bombay, the" Gateway of India," in H.M.S. New Zealand on  14 March and left the next day for Delhi. Our illustration shows the special train conveying the Admiral and his suite leaving the Victoria Terminus of the G.LP. Ry. on 15 March. The engine, No. 426, was one of the latest 4-6-0 superheaters, fitted with the Weir pump and feed water heater and Walschaert valve gear.

Locomotive fuel in Sweden. 64
Owing to the scarcity of coal m Sweden substitutes have had to be found, including wood and peat. A mixture of wood and peat briquettes has been experimented with on some lines. One disadvantage is the excess of sparks from the funnel and no form of spark arrester seems entirely satisfactory. It was found with coal and peat mixed in equal proportions that steaming depreciated and affected the drawbar pull to such an extent that the mixture could only be used on locomotives hauling trains with a speed not exceeding 30 miles per hour. A system, known as the" Ekelund," of using powdered peat was first introduced in 1890. Although the first trials were not satisfactory the Swedish Government took the matter up in 1916 and equipped a factory for producing 20,000 tons of dried peat per annum. This fuel is now being used on a number of locomotives. It is started in the firebox with a small quantity of coal, and after the coal has become fairly lighted the peat powder is fed through a nozzle by means of compressed air. The coal fire requires about 3 to 4 lb. of coal per 100 lb. of peat powder.

The Baldwin Locomotive Works, Record No. 92. 64
This beautifully printed and illustrated booklet, the latest issued by the above company, deals with the fifty-thousandth Locomotive built by the famous Philadelphia firm. This is a huge articulated Mallet Compound for the Southern Railway, and besides a ful! description of this machine, many interesting details of the Baldwin Company's history are given, with some striking statistics of their productive capacity since the building of the first Baldwin locomotive in 1832.

Midland Railway. 64
Robert W. Reid appointed Carriage and Wagon Superintendent, as from 1 May in succession to David Bain, C.B.E., retired, and J. F. Anderson became Deputy Chief Mechanical Engineer.

Obituary. 64
We regret to have to record the death of 'Mr. Geo. W. Reid, which took. place recently at his residence at Bearsden, Glasgow. Mr. Reid was formerly Works Manager at the Highland Ry. Shops, Lochgorm, Inverness, and subsequently became Locomotive Superintendent of the Natal Government Rys. On his retirement he acted as Inspector of Locomotive material for the South African Government Rys. Mr. Reid on several occasions assisted us in the preparation of our articles on the locomotives of the Highland Ry., especially in connection with the early engines.

South Eastern & Chatham Ry. 64
No. 179, 4-4-0 passenger engine, Class 3, rebuilt with a telescopic boiler, Maunsell superheater, piston valves and Wakefield mechanical lubricator worked from the left coupling rod.

London & North Western Ry. 64
No. 504 completed the series of new goods engines referred to in our last issue. Old No. 504 was a 5 ft. compound goods, now scrapped. Only three of this class remained: Nos. 1113, 1407 and 2059.

Great Eastern Ry. 64
An order for 20 express engines of the 1500 class (4-6-0) placed with William Beardmore and Co., Ltd.,of Dalmuir, Glasgow. This was the first order placed by the G.E.R. for locomotives with a private firm since 1884. Ten engines of the same type were under construction at Stratford, as well as five goods engines of the 1140 class, and five goods engines with 1500 class boilers, and two four-wheeled shunting engines similar to Nos. 226 and 228. Forty bogie composite carriages, brake and third-class corridor, had been ordered from the Midland Ry. Carriage and Wagon Co., Ltd., of Washwood Heath, Birmingham.

North Eastern Ry. 64
Fifty 0-8-0 goods engines (Class T2) ordered from Sir W.G. Armstrong, Whitworth and Co., Ltd., and ten 3-cylinder eight-coupled mineral engines (Class T3) under construction at the Darlington Works of the N.E.R.

Midland Great Western Ry. 64
Passenger rolling stock now painted lake colour of a similar shade to that employed by the North-Eastern Ry. instead of the umber brown so long in use. The locomotives being lined out with narrow red lines.

New 4-6-2 locomotive for the Eskdale Railway, 15 in. gauge. 65. 2 diagrams (side & front elevations)
Built by Hunt & Co. of Bournemouth to design of William V. Cauchi, locomotive superintendent. Locomotive named Sir Aubrey Brocklebank.

Great Western Ry. 65
No. 4700, the first of the new mixed traffic locomotives had been completed at Swindon; also latest 2-6-0 No. 5366.

The railways and locomotives of the County Donegal Joint Committeee. 66-8. 4 illustrations, map
Large involvement of State funding. Lines taken over by Midland Railway and Great Northern Railway (Ireland) on 1 May 1906: latter declined to participate in the line to Londonderry

P.C. Dewhurst. The Jamaica Government Ry. and its locomotives. 68-70. 5 illustrations, diagram (side elevation).
Kitson 0-6-0Ts WN 2631-4/1884 RN 4-7.  A further 0-6-0T was added in 1885: Kitson WN 2905 RN 8. This locomotive was rebuilt at Kingston in 1917. The centre driving wheels were made flangeless and the Westinghouse brake was fitted in 1901-2

North British Ry. 70
New superheated 0-6-0 from Atlas Works of North British Locomotive Co: 123, 139, 151, 157, 158, 161, 162, 167, 274, 295, 305, 314, 315, 456-9. Five locomotives of same class had been constructed at Cowlairs Works: Nos. 292, 297, 304, 454 and 455. Several Holmes 6ft 6in passenger 4-4-0s of 633 class had been rebuilt with new boilers and large side-window cabs including Nos. 36, 37 and 633 to 642. No. 695, a Holmes 5ft 7in West Highland 4-4-0 had been rebuilt with superheater andv piston valves and fitted with a large square cab. Nos. 242 Glen Mammie, 270 Glen Garry and 278 Glen Lyon were new into service.

W. Paterson and H.C. Webster. The arrangemment of stores at running sheds. 70-3. 3 diagrams
Card indexes, sliding doors, racks and pegs for piston rings.

T.H. Saunders. Laminated railway springs. Section II. Sub-section B. Testing, skin stress and "nip". 73-5. illustration, 3 diagrams

The work of the British Engineering Standards Association as applied to locomotives and rolling stock. 75-7. 3 tables

E.L. Ahrons. Great Western Railway broad gauge tank engines. 77-8. 2 illustrations
0-4-2ST No. 3541 and 0-4-4T No. 3560 illustrated: latte4r had Mansell wheels on bogie. All built as coveribles; allo fitted with bogie arrangemnt when converted to standard gauge.

Renewable locomotive firebox stays. 78. diagram
Bowen Cooke and "another" patent

Institution of Locomotive Engineers Leeds Centre. 78-9.

The Post-War Reconstruction Programme of Sir W.G. Armstrong Whitworth & Company Ltd. 79.
Aim to proce between 300 and 400 locomtives per annum. noted orders from Caledonian, North Eastern and Leopoldina Railways.

Wagons for carrying heavy Naval guns. 80-1. 3 illustrations
Built by Metropollitan Carriage, Wagon & Finance Co. Ltd. for Ministry of Munitions.

Midland Railway locomotive mutual improvement classes. 82. illustration
Photograph of Manningham group.

Number 322 (14 June 1919)

New goods engines, Cambrian Railways. 83; 85. illustration, diagram (side elevation)
Built by Beyer Peacock: ordered in 1915 but delivery delayed by WW1. Fitted with Ross Pop safety valves as shown in diagram, but illustrated with No. 31 of 1908 series, fitted with Ramsbottom type safety valves. Ordered by Herbert E. Jones, late Locomotive, Carriage & Wagon Superintendent

2-8-0 mixed traffic locomotive, Great Western Railway. 84-5. illustration, diagram (side elevation)
Churchward 47XX class: No. 4700 illustrated

The Channel train ferries.  91-3. 4 illustrations
Ships and berthing facilities at Richborough: latter designed by F.O. Stamford

Wagons for the Mesopotamian Railways. 100. 2 illustrations
Built at Khargpur shops of the Bengal Nagpur Railway

Number 323 (15 July 1919)

Three-cylinder "Uniflow" locomotive, North Eastern Ry.  101-3. illuustration,  2 diagrams (side elevations)

Locomotive for burning puverized fuel, Great Central Ry. 103-4. 2 illustrations

Further notes on locomotives for war service. 105-7. 4 illustrations
Four Baldwin Locomotive Works designs ordered under the supervision of Rendel, Palmer & Tritton, Consulting Engineers to the War Office: 2-8-0, 4-6-0, 2-6-2ST and 0-6-0T: leading dimensions tabulated. Also lists other locomotives supplied to the Railway Operating Division with their operating numbers, locomotives supplied by the British main line companies for service in France (e.g. CR 0-6-0 and NER 0-8-0), the suppliers of narrow gauge locomotives for service near the Front and lcomotives in Belgium.

N.E. Ry 0-8-0 goods engine at St. Etienne Shops of the R.O.D. illustration
R.O.D. 939 (photograph only)

P.C. Dewhurst. The Jamaica Government Ry. and its locomotives. 108-10. 5 illustrations

The work of the British Engineering Standards Association as applied to locomotives and rolling stock. 110-12. 4 diagrams
Steel plates, angles and rivets for locomotives; Copper plates for locomotive fireboxes; Copper rods for locomotive stays, rivets, etc.; Copper tubes for locomotive boilers; Brass tubes for locomotive boilers; Seamless copper tubes for locomotive fuel pipes, etc; Copper-drawn weldless steel tubes for locomotive boilers; Charcoal iron lapwelded boiler tubes.

[Metre gauge locomotive at Shaiba Repair Shops, Mesopotamia]. 112.
Photograph of small tank engine captured from German Army at Baghdad.

T.H. Sanders. Laminated railway springs. Section II: Sub-section II. 113-17. 3 diagrams, table

Labour-saving locomotives, New South Wales Govt. Rys. 117

"The Cologne Express", British Army Service. 117-18.

Train lighting notes. 119, illustration

New coal wagons, Bengal Nagpur Ry. 118. illustration
Four wheel 21 ton for locomotive coal

Number 324 (15 August 1919)

Consolidation locomotives: Madras & Southern Mahratta Ry. 121. illustration
Standard 2-8-0 built by Kitson & Co. Ltd.

2-6-0 mixed traffic locomotive, Chemin de Fer du Nord. 122-3. diagram (side elevation)

Four-coupled passenger engines, Ulster Ry. 124-5. 2 illustrations
Four 2-4-0 with 6ft diameter coupled wheels built by Beyer Peacock in 1863 WN 367-70; original RN 126-9 named Ulster, Munster Leinster and Connaught. Rebuilt by Great Northern Railway (Ireland); first not scapped until 1903.

W. Paterson and H.C. Webster. Locomotive coal. 125-9. 6 diagrams
Sings praises of the Barnsley seam which extended into Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire as well as Yorkshire; and of the enormous residual reserves in the Midlands Coalfield. Diagrams show correrct methods of stacking and tamping for storage and coaling stage design. Jimmys to sharpen the locomotive exhaust are mentioned in the text and illustrated

The work of the British Engineering Standards Association as related to locomotives and rolling stock. The standardization of locomotives for Indian railways. 129-32. 2 tables
Military requirements were paramount to enable troops to be moved quickly to keep the natives in their places. The 5ft 6in gauge had 4-4-0, 0-6-0, 2-6-4T, 4-4-2, 4-6-0 and 2-8-0 standard designs with dimensions tabulated. Similarly the metre gauge locomotives were 4-6-0 passengrt, 4-6-0 mixed traffic, 4-8-0 and 2-6-2T of dimensions tabulated.

P.C. Dewhurst. The Jamaican Government Ry. and its locomotives. 132-4. 3 illustrations
No. 17: 2-cylinder compound 4-6-0 built by Rhode Island Locomotive Works WN 2651/1891. No. 18 was a 2-4-4T built by Rhode Island Locomotive Works WN 2859/1893, but assembled at Montego Bay. No. 19 was Rogers two cylinder cross compound 4-6-0 WN 4875/1893,

T.H. Sanders. Laminated railway springs, Section II. Mathematical design of the spring. Sub-Section C. The design. 134-5.

Baldwin Locomotive Works. 135
Alba B. Johnson President of Baldwin Locomotive Works: retired and succeeded by Samuel M. Vauclain. Johnson had been associated with  Works since 1877.

The Simplex petrol shunting locomotive. 135-6. illustration
Manufactured by Motor Rail & Tram Co. of Bedford

Steel-covered goods wagon for the Central Argentine Ry. 136-7. illustration
Hurst Nelson constructed for 5ft 6in gauge to transport grain. Inspected by Livesey, Son & Henderson.

Electrical train signalling instruments for railway working. 137. diagram.
Circui9t diagram for quite a complex theopretical? location

Reviews. 138

A textbook of heat and heat engines. Volume 1. Jamieson and Ewart S. Andrews. Chatles Griffin & Co.
18th edition divided into 2 volumes. Lecture on locomotive engines extended to only sixteen pages. Very good folding plate of Great Southern & Western Railway four-cylinder 4-6-0. Critices inclusion of cross section of "long defunct" Webb threee cylinder compound and lack of descriptionsn of Stephenson and Walschaerts valve gear

Transport: the magic carpet of industry. J.P. Griffiths. London: George Philips & Son.
Intended for young people. Looks back to the major caravan routes as well as "modern" transport

Number 325 (15 September 1919)

New superheater "Clan" class passenger locomotive, Highland Ry. 139. illustration
C. Cumming, locomotive, carriage and wagon superintendent of the Highland Ry., supplied accompanying photograph and particulars of one of the new class of 4-6-0 passenger engines intended principally for working heavy trains between Inverness and Perth. Four of these engines had been delivered by R. and W. Hawthorn, Leslie & Co., Ltd., Newcastle-on-Tyne, and were performing excellent work with heavy train loads on the gradients over the Grampians. The engines had cylinders 21 in. diameter, with a stroke of 26 in. The coupled wheels were 6 ft. in diameter and the total wheel base of engine and tender 50 ft. Length of engine and tender over buffers 59 ft. 3 in. As noted in our last issue these engines bear names and numbers as follows: 49 Clan Campbell, (illustrated) 51 Clan Fraser, 52 Clan Munro (all stationed at Perth) and 53 Clan Stewart (at Inverness). The boiler was fitted with a Robinson superheater, working on the circulating damperless system, while the horizontal outside cylinders had pistons provided with tail rods, are supplied with Robinson piston valves of the inside admission pattern, actuated by Walschaert valve gear. Wakefield's mechanical lubricator supplied oil to the valves, pistons, etc., as well as to all wheel bearings except the bogie wheels. The Belpaire firebox is surmounted with Ross patent " pop " safety valves, the working pressure of the boiler being 170 lb. per sq. in. The heating surface of the tubes was 919 ft2. and of the superheater smoke tubes 409 ft2. while the fire-box provides an additional 139 ft2. making the total surface exposed to heat 1,467 ft2

London & North Western Ry. 139
Further 4-6-0 passenger engines of Prince of Wales class were in hand at Crewe½Nos. 444, 497, 501, 522, 601, 783, 924, 1125, 1290 and 1307. Of the thirty 2-8-0 mineral engines, which the L. & N.W. Ry. had taken over from the Ministry of Munitions, nine were in service bearing L. & N. W. numbers, as follows: 56, 67, 635, 686, 812, 969, 1325, 1341 and 1620. Nos. 1902 Black Prince and 1939 Temeraire, four-cylinder compounds of the Jubilee class were being converted into two-cylinder simples of the Renown class. No. 1285, four-cylinder compound mineral engine, had been converted to simple and superheated. Engines recently withdrawn from service were Nos. 3179, 3197 and 3275 (Special DX goods) ; 686 (2-4-2 tank) and 3088 (Coal engine). No. 973, 18-in. tank, has been fitted with slide valves.

Shunting loco. with spark arresting chimney, G.W. Ry. 140.
Several of the 0-6-0 shunting tank engines of the Great Western Ry. were fitted during the WW1 period with very effective conical spark arresting chimneys, for use at the National Shell Factory at Hayes, the Ordnance and Air Force Depot at Didcot and other points where munitions were dealt with. By the courtesy of G.J. Churchward, chief mechanical engineer, we are able to reproduce a photograph of one of the engines so equipped. The engine is one of a numerous class built at Swindon, in December, 1877, with cylinders 17 in. by 24 in., and 4 ft. 6 in. coupled wheels. Originally they had saddle tanks, but had been rebuilt in recent years and supplied with the standard wing or pannier tanks of 800 gallons capacity. The special chimney shown is easily detached when desired, and is designed to churn and break up the sparks so that they are completely extinguished by the time they escape to the atmosphere. Illustrated 0-6-0PT No. 1282

North British Ry. 140
The twenty-five goods engines (18 in. by 26 in.) which were sent to France had returned to Cowlairs Works and were undergoing light repairs before recommencing work on the N. B. Ry. All these engines, which were built by Holmes, were rebuilt between 1912 and 1915 with large boilers and the new square cabs. At the suggestion of Whitelaw, the chairman, they were being named after something or somebody connected with the Great War. The new names are painted on the driving splashers. Those noted so far were—No. 176 French, 608 Foch, 650 Haig, 648 Byng, 661 Old Bill, 662 Birdwood, 682 Joffre, others were Plumer, Rheims, and St. Quentin. All locomotives on the N. B. Ry. were being classified by letters. The classification plate was put on the cab or bunker sides directly above the ordinary number plate.

Furness Ry. 140
Five tank engines of the 4-6-4 type had been ordered from Kitson & Co., Ltd., Leeds. These engines were claimed to be 33% more powerful than any other class in service on the system. The cylinders would be 19½ in. diameter and 26 in. stroke, placed between the frames, and fitted with piston valves on top, driven by ordinary link motion. The coupled wheels will be 5 ft. 8 in. diameter, 6 ft. 7½ in. centres, with an axle weight of about 18¼ tons. The boiler 5 ft. in diameter, and fitted with Belpaire firebox, having a total heating surface of about 2,000 sq. ft. and a grate area of 26 sq. ft. The working pressure 170 psi. Tractive force at 85 per cent. of the working pressure 21,000 lbf. Estimated total weight 95 tons, and the capacity of the tanks 2,200 gallons of water ; the bunker will carry four tons of coal. An engine of this type and weight has been rendered possible by the strengthening of the various viaducts and bridges which has taken place during the past ten years. At the carriage shops of the Furness Ry. at Barrow a number of third-class bogie carriages were in hand. These vehicles to have nine compartments, the length over mouldings being 57 ft. and the extreme width 9 ft. Pressed steel bogies of Leeds Forge manufacture with 9 ft. wheelbase to be used, having their centre pivots spaced 39 ft. apart. Electric lighting throughout is by Vickers' system. The underframe is of steel and the body built up of teak and oak. Steel disc wheels will be used. Steam heat and vacuum brake and alarm signals in each compartment are to be fitted. The coaches painted the new style of blue, with gilt lettering.

Cambrian Rys. 140
Considerable improvements made in summer service. The through bi-weekly train from Birmingham ran from Moat Lane to Dovey Junction and did not stop at Machynlleth. On the return journey it ran from Machynlleth to Welshpool, this being the only stop between Machynlleth and Wolverhampton. Also one train daily and another on Saturdays does not stop at Oswestry, but runs through from Welshpool to Whitchurch.

Kerr, Stuart & Co., Ltd. , etc. 140
Contract for eight 0-4-4 tank locomotives from the Metropolitan Ry. Eleven 4-6-0 type locomotives for the Ceylon Government Rys. to be built by Robert Stephenson & Co., Ltd. Hawthorn, Leslie & Co., Ltd., were to build six 2-8-0 tender engines for the Gold Coast Govt. Rys., and Nasmyth, Wilson & Co. two 4-8-0 type for the Uganda Ry. Orders had been placed with the North British Locomotive Co., Ltd., for sixteen 4-6-2 type locomotives for the Federated Malay States Rys., as well as ten engines for the Sudan Govt. Rys. All these engines are to be fitted with the Robinson superheater.

Messrs. Vivian & Sons Works locomotives, Swansea. 141-3. 5 illustrations

James Watt. 143-4.

Storage battery locomotive, Park Works, Manchester. 144-5

Enlarging the loading gauge of our railways. 145-6.  diagram

T.H. Sanders. Laminated railway springs, Section II. Mathematical design of the spring. Sub-Section C. The design, 146-7. 3  diagrams

The London & South Western Ry. locomotive history. 153.

P.C. Dewhurst. The Jamaica Government Ry. and its locomotives. 153-5. 4 illustrations

Transfers on rolling stock. 156-7. 8  diagrams

E.L. Ahrons. Locomotives of the Egyptian State Railways. 157-60. 6 illustrations

North Wales Granite Co. 160. illustration
Former Metropolitan Railway No. 34 4-4-0T built by Beyer Peacock in 1879, sold to Bradford Corporation in 1906 for service on the Nidd Valley Light Railway when named Milner, but was too heavy and sold in January 1914 to the North Wales Granite Co. where it was named Conway.

The late Mr. Andrew Carnegie. 160

Number 326 (15 October 1919)

4-6-4 tank locomotive, Java State Railways. 163-4. illustration, diagram (side elevation)
Swiss Locomotive Company of Winterthur designed by J.C. Shafer, Chief Engineer to the Technical Department of the Colonial Ministry. Delivery delayed by WW1.

Class "W" rebuilt tank locomotive, North Eastern Ry. 164-5. diagram (side elevation)
Raven rebuild of Wilson Worsdell Whitby tanks (4-6-0T) with a radial axle and larger bunker to become 4-6-2T

American-built "Mikado" locomotive: Paris-Orleans Railway. 165. illustration
American Locomotive Company 2-8-2  with 50.2ft2 grate area

Six coupled goods engines, Great Northern Ry. (I). 165-6. 2 illustrations
Glover rebuilds of Beyer Peacock 0-6-0 locomotives and similar locomotives built at Dundalk Works between 1893 and 1896. Illustrated No. 83 Newry (not descibed in text) and No. 32 (gormerly Drogheda: as rebuilt)

Curiosities of locomotive boiler design. 167-9. illustration, 2 diagrams (side elevations plus 1 front semi-cross section))

P.C. Dewhurst. The Jamaica Government Ry. and its locomotives. 169-71. 5 illustrations

Demobilised War Office locomotives, Great Western Ry. 171. illustration
We understand there were 521 locomotives of the 2-8-0 type built for the War Office to the designs of J.G. Robinson. Several of these were in hand at the time of the Armistice. and as there was no further use for them Overseas, most of them have found their way on to the English lines. The Great Western have quite a number, also the London & North Western, while others have been put into service on the Caledonian, S.E. & C. and Great Central. Illustrateion of one of the Great Western engines (No. 3006), and it will be noted these have been allotted numbers in their list which were formerly borne by the famous single wheelers of Dean's design. These engines weigh 76 tons — 124 tons with the tender — so that they cannot be used indiscriminately over the whole system, as their axle loads exceed what is permissible, but they may be found on most parts of the main line. It is worth noting that these engines are fitted with the air brake, and are the only GWR locomotives not fitted with the vacuum brake, whereas on the London & North Western they are the first and only locomotives fitted with the air brake. A large number of these engines have lately been standing at the Tattenham Corner (Epsom Downs) station of the S.E. & C.R. sent home from France, via Richborough.

North Eastern Ry. 171.
When visiting the Stooperdale Boiler shop of the N.E. Ry. at Darlington recently we were interested to note the methods adopted for ensuring tight fitting firebox stays. Every stay is provided as required in semi-automatic lathes, which are arranged in close proximity to the work of boiler mounting. The stays are not made in large numbers, but everyone is produced and made for a particular fire-box, and used as soon as made. This is done to provide for variation through wear and slight differences in manipulation. It is claimed that this method prevents any risk of there heing other than exact fits.
Twenty new 0-6-0 side tank shunting engines have recently been completed at North Road Works, Darlington, numbered 2173 to 2192. They are similar to the earlier engines of this class, but have half a ton more coal capacity in the bunkers, are fitted with Ross Pop safety valves, and Gresham and Craven injectors.
Most of the goods and mixed traffic engines now have their numbers in large figures painted on the tenders or tanks, while tender engines have also a very small cast iron number plate fixed on the cab sides.

Baldwin Locomotive Works. 171
Secured an order for fifty locomotives for the Egyptian State Rys. and are also to supply the Government of Poland with 150 Consolidation type engines similar to those supplied for the American Military Rys. in France.

Siamese State Rys. 171.
During July through passenger and goods traffic was begun on the Siamese Southern line (metre gauge) and connection effected with the Federated Malay States Rys. system. Three trains are now leaving Bangkok weekly and the mails are carried by this service. . Passengers are now able to make a continuous trip by rail between the capital of Siam and the chief port of the Straits Settlements, avoiding a three to five days' sea trip.

Great Indian Peninsula Railway/. 171
T.R. Bonner, Locomotive Superintendent. of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway, retired at the end of September and was succeeded by J.R. McNeill.

2-8-8-0 simple "Mallet" locomotive, Pennsylvania Railroad. 172-5. 2 illustrations, diagram (side elevation)
112 ft2 grate area; four 30½ x 32 in. cylinders. James T. Wallis superintendent of motive power.

Pennsylvania Railroad. 175.
110 foot turntable at Juniata Works

W. Paterson and H.C. Webster. Educational and recreation facilities afforded to loco. men. 175-7. 2 plans, table

James Watt Centenary. 178.
Memorial service at Handworth Church with an address by Canon E.W. Barnes. Also assessment of engine remains still extant at Bordesley, Ocker Hill and Lawley Street

T.H. Sanders. Laminated railway springs. Section II: Mathematical design of the spring. Sub-section C. The design. 178-80.  4 diagrams

G. Goddard. Smokebox construction and design. 180-2. 8 diagrams.

Number 327 (15 November 1919)

Heavy freight locomotive, Alsace-Lorraine Rys. 183-4. illustration, diagram (side elevation)

G. Goddard. Smokebox construction and design. 197-200. 3 diagrams.

Number 328 (15 December 1919)

Trial of the first locomotive built at Scotswood Works, Sir W.G. Armtrong, Whitworth & Co. Ltd. 205. illustration
Delivery of Raven 2-cylinder 0-8- (No. 2253 illustrated) on 12 November 1919; guest conveyed by special train from Newcastle Central to Scotswood Works where Raven drove the locomotive away breaking red, white and blue ribbons. 50 on order. R.B. McColl was manager of the new locomotive manufacturing department.

Mr. J.H. Smellie, D.S.O., O.B.E. 205
Appointed to officiate as locomomotive superintendent of the North Western State Ry of India

Three-cylinder eight-coupled mineral locomotive, North Eastern Ry. 206; 207. illustration, diagram (side elevation)
Raven T3 class 0-8-0

Mr Ingham Sutcliffe. 207
Appointed Assistant Chieg Mechanical Enginner Royal Siamese State Railways

Six-coupled side tank engiune: North British Ry. 207. diagram (side & front elevations)
Compact 0-6-0T: treated as a new design

Consolidation for the French State Rys. 208-9. illustration
2-8-0 supplied by Vulcan Foundry.

Snowplough, South Hetton Colliery. 209-10. illustration
Hackworth 0-6-0 used at Seaham Harbour

Electric battery locomotive for an Irish shipyard. 210. 2 illustrations
Tramcar type equipment supplied by British Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Co. Photograph shows locomotive hauling a Dublin & South Eastern Railway wagon.

P.C. Dewhurst. The Jamaica Government Railway and its locomotives. 211-13. 5 illustrations
Baldwin 2-8-2 WN 36163-4/1913 RN 35-6 (No. 35 illustrated); Kitson 0-6-0T WN 4937/1913 RN 3 for Rio Minho Valley branch. Baldwin 2-8-2 WN 41059-61; 41298. RN 37-40. Locomotive stock renumbered. Baldwin 4-8-2 WN 43559-60 RN 40-1. Locomotive livery black with white lines. Kingston works employed 500.

Great Eastern Ry. 213
Twenty 1500 class 4-6-0 being suupllied by Beardmore to have Nos. 1541-60. Also five superheated goods Nos. 1250-4.

E.L. Ahrons. The Swindon Locomotive Works of the Great Western Railway. 214-25. 10 illustrations, 12 diagrams, plan

Modern machine tools made by Sir W.G. Armstrong, Whitworth & Co. Ltd. 226-7. 3 diagrams
Diagrams of driving chuck for locomotive wheel lathe, and of the wheel lathe; also mentions large vertical drilling machine for locomotive boiler shells and cylinder boring machines

North British Ry. 227
W.P. Reid to retire at end of 1919 and to be succeeded by Walter Chalmers, chief draughtsman at Cowlairs. John P. Grassick to be locomotive running superintendent.

Belfast and County Down Ry. 227
R.G. Miller, locomotive, carriage and wagon superintendent. had retired after forty years service and been succeeded by J.L. Crosthwaite.

An improved grinding wheel. 227
Manufactured  by Bridgeport Safety Emery Wheel Co. in USA 

Pneumatic tools. 228-9. illustration, diagram
Pneumatic hammers and drills: latter included Little David. Manufactured by Ingersoll-Rand Co.

T.H. Sanders. Laminated railway springs. Section II: Mathematical design of spring. Sub-Section C. The design. 229-31. 2 diagrams

London & North-Western Ry. 231-2
Seventy of the 2-8-0 engines built for the Ministry of Munitions were to be taken over by the L. & N.W.R  Of these, thirty had been received and numbered in the stock, and several more were at work still bearing the RO.D. designation. The following are particulars of the thirty engines:

R.O.D No. L. & N.W.R  No.

Makers.

Works.

1633

1620

R Stephenson & Co Darlington
1642

635

Darlington
1787

1747

N.B. Loco Co Atlas Works.
1788

2268

Atlas Works.
1789

2231

Atlas Works.
2021

686

Queen's Park Works.
2022

56

Queen's Park Works.
2023

812

Queen's Park Works.
2033

67

Hyde'Park Works
2034

1341

Hyde'Park Works
2035

1325

Hyde'Park Works
2036

1355

Hyde'Park Works
2037

1408

Hyde'Park Works
2038

1422

Hyde'Park Works
2039

1478

Hyde'Park Works
2040

12

Hyde'Park Works
2041

2035

Hyde'Park Works
2042

2083

Hyde'Park Works
2088

1535

Atlas Works.
2089

1542

Atlas Works.
2090

1549

Atlas Works.
2091

1557

Atlas Works.
2092

1694

Atlas Works.
2093

1726

Atlas Works.
2138

1741

Atlas Works.
2139

85

Atlas Works.
2140

98

Atlas Works.
2141

103

Atlas Works.
2142

201

Atlas Works.
2143

969

Atlas Works.

All the above engines were dated 1919, and were received direct from the builders.
Several more" Jubilee" class compounds had been converted into two-cylinder simples of the Renown class, including Nos. 1902, 1909 and 1939, while No. 1919 was being dealt with at that date.

Large magnetic chuck for face grinding machine. 232. illustration
Large Magnetic Chuck from USA..

Locomotive building at the Forth Banks Works, Newcastle. 232
Hawthorn, Leslie & Co., Ltd., hadt completed the eighth of the new class of 4-6-0 goods engines with Walschaerts valve gear, for the Highland Ry. They also had a repeat order in hand for a further four engines of the Clan class 4-6-0 passenger engines, built to the designs of C. Cumrning, the loco. supt. of the Highland Ry. Other engines in hand  were several heavy tank locomotives for the Taff Vale Ry. of the 0-6-2 type, also several tank. engines for the Crown Agents for the Colonies and six large three-cylinder engines for the Argentine North Eastern Ry. The Forth Banks Works were established by Robert Hawthorn, in 1817, within a stone's throw of the present establishment. The marine section was transferred to new works at St. Peters in 1882, and since then the Forth Banks works have been used for locomotive work only. During the war the firm built a large number of petrol and steam locomotives for the War Office, as well as the manufacture of a large number of anti-aircraft shells and other munitions. During the last ten years the works have been largely extended and they are now equipped with the latest machinery and plant for turning out a large output expeditiously. One large shop is devoted entirely to repair work, and this had been kept busy lately on locomotives for the Highland, Hull and Barnsley and other railways.

Twin-bogie composite tea car for Great Northern Ry. 233. illustration, diagram (side and end elevations and plan)
Gresley articulated vehicle with brake van and pantry in one unit and first and third class compartments in the other.

Hopper car, Pennsylvania Railroad. 234. diagram (side elevation and plan)
105 tons capacity

Floor plates for wagons. 234. diagram
Method for joggling adjacent plates where secured to the crib rail.

Spring hangers. 234. diagram
As manufactured on GER

Correspondence. 234

Air brake on Alsace Lorraine Railways. A.W. Rendell
Statement on dispute between Kunze Knorr brake as imposed on German railways from Berlin and Westinghouse Brake Company

International Railway Congress Association. 236
We are pleased to see that the International Railway Congress Association has been reconstituted under the fitle of International Railway Association. The Association is composed of administrations of State Railways and of railways of public interest which have applied for membership and have been admitted by the permanent Commission.
For qualification for membership it is necessary that the railway shall have a minimum extent of sixty-two miles, or thirty-one miles in case of rack railways or analogous Iines. Each railway joining the Association can appoint a number of delegates to a session, in proportion to the size of its system, but limited to a maximum of eight.
The governments of the countries to which the Association extends are invited by the Belgian Government, through the usual diplomatic channels to give their support. They themselves fix the amount of their annual contribution to the Association, and thus become patrons. Each government nominates, through diplomatic channels, a number of delegates in proportion to their subsidy when the sessions are about to be held. The Association is represented by a permanent Commission which it elects and which has its seat at Brussels. Its president is Mr. V. Tondelier,Presiding Director of the Executive Committee of the Belgian State Ry. and its Secretary, Mr. L. Weissenbruch, Chief Engineer and Managing Director of the same Railway. The sessions are now held at intervals of five years. At the closing meeting of the eighth session (Berne 1910) when the 25th anniversary of the foundation of the Association was celebrated, it was decided to hold the ninth Conference in Berlin in 1915. The outbreak of War resulted in the paralysis of activity on the part of the Association for nearly five years. After the return of the Belgian Government to Brussels the Association was placed under sequestration, as a portion of its assets belonged to the subjects of enemy nations. The sequestrator having ordered the dissolution and liquidation of the Society, the railway administrations, members of the Association belonging to thirty-five countries decided to transfer their property to an Association established upon exactly the same basis as before and entitled the International Railway Association. These countries are-Argentine Republic, Belgium and Colonies, Bolivia, Brazil, Chili, China, Costa Rica, Cuba, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, France, Algeria, Tunis and Colonies, Great Britain and Ireland, India, Protectorates and Colonies, Greece, Haiti, Italy, Japan, Luxemburg, Mexico, Netherlands and Colonies, Nicaragua, Norway, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal and Colonies, Roumania, San Salvador, Serbia, Siam, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United States of America and Uruguay. The executive Committee will recommence shortly the publication of its monthly Bulletin in the French and English languages, and steps are to be taken at an early date to settle the place and date of the ninth Conference.

Institution of Locomotive Engineers,. October Meeting. 236
A meeting of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers, presided over by B. K. Field, member of council, was held at Caxton Hall, Westminster, on the evening of the 29th October to discuss a paper by W. Roland {Rowland], member of the Manchester section entitled An Approximate Method of Estimating Superheat and Boiler Output and Evaporative Efficiency. The paper presented an exhaustive and valuable system of forrnulse with a view to the design of the superheater to produce a given working temperature, and its converse, the working temperature that any particular design of superheater may reasonably be expected to give together with the weight of steam at that temperature that the boiler in question will deliver per pound of fuel. The well-sustained discussion which took place dealt not only with the practical side of the question of superheating but also, in connection with the subject of the paper, light was thrown on the effect of the duty of the locomotive on the efficiency of the superheater, and it was suggested that the forrnulse put forward could be usefully extended to include this factor and thus make up a complete system which would be of the utmost assistance in desiguing operations. The following members took part in the discussion-Messrs. Sanderson, Collins, Dewhurst, Gairns and Head.
The chairman having to leave before the close of the evening, Walter Paterson, Loco. Dept., Low Moor, L. & Y. Ry., and secretary of the Leeds centre, took the chair.