BackTrack 1991 Volume 5

Home Vol. 4 Jan/Feb March/April May/June July/August Sept/Oct Nov/Dec Vol. 6

Part 1 (Jan/Feb)

Castle 4-6-0 No 5059 Earl St Aldwyn playing 'Hide and seek' with the sea at Teignmouth (in early 1950s). Peter N. Townend. front cover

The changing face of Hellifield. Andrew R. Wilson. 4-14.
Influence of railways upon a small community: slight influence of North Western Railway, much greater influence of Midland Railway with its junction with LYR, which created a much larger settlement. The creation of this greater settlement and its subsequent decline are described in detail with maps and many illustrations of the station and its township. Article ends "Today the railway heart of the village is dead... The railway today seems as welcome in Hellifield as Banquo's ghost at Macbeth's feast". Col. illus. cattle train headed by 8F 48500 approaching Dent station on 29 June 1964; water troughs at Ais Gill (Alan Tyson).

Some thoughts on the Gresley derived motion - part 2. Owen Russell. 15-20.
Part 1 was in 4-244. Argues that taper boiler was introduced on A1 to ease the problem of locating the derived motion; quotes several for assertion that right hand cylinders did an excessive amount of work as demonstrated by axlebox wear. The D49 was based more on NER principles and designed at Darlington, with the derived gear behind the cylinders. The B17 also had divided drive and the conjugated gear behind the cylinders. See letter by Sid Checkley (142) on difficulty in maintaining this version.

Express colour 1938 style. Sidney Perrier (phot). 21.
Colour photo-feature: GWR 6027 King Richard I at Weston Super Mere (see letter from Eric Youlden on page 190) and another from Alan Warren on page 142 which identifies train as 07.30 Paddington to Kingswaer via Bristol train.  LNER A4 4463 Sparrow Hawk (garter blue) on up express at New Barnet station with GNR somersault in off position on down fast and gas works in background: see letter by J.F. Aylard on page 142 which identifies train.

Isle of Man steam. John Edgington (phot). 22-3.
Colour photo-feature: Beyer Peacock 2-4-0T No. 3 Pender and 5 Mona at Douglas shed on 18 July 1956; 12 Hutchinson at Castletown in 1963; 8 Fenella at St John's on 5 July 1965 and at Peel in August 1967: all except last locomotives are painted red (green in last).

Shepherds Well station. R.C. Riley (phot). 24.
Colour photographic feature: C class 31381 on freight; BB 34066 Spitfire passing on boat train; East Kent Railway trespass notice (all 23 May 1959); O1 31258 and L1 31768 on stopping passenger service.

North of the border. 26-7.
Colour photo-feature: .CR 0-4-4T 55219 in fully-lined black at Glasgow St Enoch on 23 May 1959 (R.C. Riley (did photographer use a private jet to get this and above photographs on same day?): see also letter from Keith Miles (page 142) on smokebox door lugs of this locomotive which he calls 15219; 42743 on empty stock train at Mauchline in 1962 (Derek Cross); EMU 089 in Caledonian blue at Balloch in 1965 (John Edgington); A4 60007 Sir Nigel Gresley on down St Mungo departing Perth on 6 June 1965.

The last years of suburban steam on the Brighton line. R.W. Kirkby. 28-38.
Problems of operations at London Bridge, especially empty stock movement and stabling. Shortage of modern motive power partly ameliorated by use of SER R and R1 from 1926 and cascade of 4-4-2Ts from arrival of new King Arthur and River class locomotives for mainline work. Train services had to accommodate housing development and there was adverse press comment before the services were electrified. Describes the residual steam suburban services after electrification.

Last of a long line [rise and fall of WR 94xx 0-6-0PT's]. Philip Atkins. 39-40.
The GWR placed orders for 200 obsolete locomotives from a variety of private builders (originally placed with Robert Stephenson & Hawthorn, Bagnall, Yorkshire Engine Co, Hunslet Engine Co and Hudswell Clark; the last-named transferred its order to RS&H) immediately prior to nationalization (the other railways had accepted the need for diesel shunters, or more modern designs for light work).

Against the collar - the draught horse. Colin Hughes. 41-4.
Heavy horse work at Great Howard Street goods depot in Liverpool, both for the haulage of lorries and vans, and for shunting, up until 1948 and slightly later. Work tended to run in families, such as the Disley and Diggle families. Includes notes on the treatment of horses.

Colour files. 45.
Colour photo-feature: Haltwhistle station (S.C. Dent) see letter by Eric Youldon (page 190) which note that points are set for branch; WD 2-8-0 No 90407 at Edge Hill (J. Corkill).

Readers' Forum. 46.
BR headcodes. Richard G. Hall.
As used on ECML diesel locomotives.
Knotty No. 2. John Copeland.
See front cover Number 5 (Vol.4): Repainted in 1960 for Golden Jubilee of federation of six towns into Stoke-on-Trent.
Todmorden East Junction. David J. Williamson.
Changes to signalbox shown in Vol. 4 page 237
Malachite green. A.J. Reed.
Appreciative comment on Devon Belle photographs (Vol. 4 page 220); notes on colour of lining and insignia of MN class, also revarnishing of rolling stock.
Backtrack Vol. 4 No. 6 - cover photograph. David Palmer.
See item: Date of photograph probably 18 Sept 1937: had been Great Snipe and green until repaint.
Gresley derived motion. E.S. Youldon.
Points out error in feature on page 244 of vol. 4: Gresley did not use a single slidebar, but two closely spaced slidebars: much superior to clumsy Swindon and LMS arrangement. The crank arrangement on the Pacifics aimed to achieve even impulses.
Southern steam. John Borrowdale.
Eastleigh photographs (Carter) (Vol. 4 page 266): incorrect date, must have been 1962 or 1963.
Inverurie. W. Wholmes.
Actually Abergavenny (see picture Vo.4 page 285): very amusing letter which suggested drunken rugby supporters took station to Scotland.

View from Barry Rly's Walnut Tree viaduct of the Taff Vale fout-track mainline, with Taff's Well station. Ian L. Wright. rear cover
See letter by Steve Daly on page 190.

Number 2 (March/April 1991)

Victoria station in the early 1950s with a pair of Bulleid light pacifics. front cover.
WC 34102 Lapford and BB 34087 145 Squadron with train in carmine & cream livery in early 1950s.

Woodhead - the story of the tunnels - part 1. Alan Earnshaw. 53-8.
Mainly construction of the new tunnel rather than the two old tunnels. Col illus. of 26020 (green) on passenger train at Broadbottom station and 26037 (blue) on freight at Torside (B. Magilton).

Railway bridges versus railway engines. D.K. Horne. 59-64.
Delightful ramble via a diagram which showed replacement rates for cast iron and wrought iron bridges and replacement by steel ones in Northern division of LMS; notes on 1923 Bridge Stree Committee; calculations of hammer blow via Equivalent Uniformly Distributed Loads (EUDL); locomotive balancing, especially on former LNWR designs with Joy valve gear. Illus: Two views of Runcorn branch bridge no 6; Baswich Viaduct on the Trent Valley line Landing the first girder; Graph of types of bridge up to 1949; Baswich Viaduct on the Trent Valley line five views of reconstruction; Lancaster [Green Ayre] typical underbridge ready for rolling in; Lancaster [Green Ayre] typical underbridge designed to be as maintenance free as possible; Norton Branch bridge no 4; Probably London to Rugby bridge 259 near Kilsby; Early open web girder bridge; typical wrought iron plate girder, deck bridge.

Tragedy at Irk valley. Michael Blakemore. 65-8.
Accident on 15 August 1953 caused by driver of steam train failing to act on signal at danger compounded by irregular signalling. Electric train was not only derailed, but fell from viaduct. Ten fatalities. Map.

Vintage London Transport at Neasden. 69.
Colour photo-feature: London's Underground G stock (clerestory District line); ESL 118A converted vfrom Metropolitan compartment stock; ESL 115 converted from early Central Line stock painted dark maroon.

Southern steam freight. R.D. [Robin] White (phot). 70-1.
Colour photo-feature: Exeter St Davids: ballast train from Meldon Quarry hauled by N class 31839 piloted by 82019 and banked by Z class 30855 plus 30850 in May 1961; Poole-Bournemouth trip workings on Parkstone bank: S15 30502 working tender first and Q1 33008, also tender first.

William Stainer's big red engines. David Jenkinson. 72-3.
Colour photo feature: 6232 Duchess of Montrose about to depart Euston in 1938: as painted in LMS red with gold leaf insignia (Sidney Perrier); 46247 City of Liverpool at Carlisle with British Rail lining on Royal Scot (blue-backed headboard) (Gavin Wilson); 46246 City of Manchester at Euston on 13 April 1962 and 46256 Sir William A. Stanier FRS (Gavin Wilson): last pair in official LMR style (yellow edging to maroon).

One crowded hour at and around Cowley Bridge Jn. Exeter. Stanford Jacobs. 74-82.
Difficulties of handling long distance holiday traffic over a two track stretch of line with a junction joining North Devon and North Cornwall involving conflicting movements with Western Region traffic to/and from London; the Midlands; South Wales and the North West. Col. illus. by R.C. Riley: 1466 on auto-train; 9765 on freight; 34023 Blackmore Vale on up Southern Region passenger; 6995 Benthall Hall on class 2 passenger; 6874 Haughton Grange also on stopping train; 34029 Lundy on meat train in July 1958 or July 1961. B&w illus on p.82 incorrectly captioned: 7311 travelling from Exeter to Taunton - not reverse: see letter from RCR on page 190.

The Southampton dock tanks. Tom Middlemass. 83-90.
History: 3 tables which list locomotives used, illus.Vulcan Vulcan Foundry 'twin'; Southampton Central with a big  (three-funnel) liner in background in 1937 (F.C. Le Manquais); Bretwalda the Dock's Co second Vulcan engine; Clausentum one of a pair built by Hawthorn, Leslie and Co; bearing duplicate list no 111 Vulcan seen at Nine Elms works; Ritzbuttel No 110 a second hand German import; Southampton dock's second Hawthorn loco Ironside; Southampton no 109 (Alexander Shanks); B4 no 86 Havre transferred to the docks dept in 1896; B4 no 98 Cherbourg transferred to the docks dept in 1896 and was sold to Stewarts and Lloyds; Guernsey and Honfleur in their prime; Caen at Southampton dock in 1937; Dinan sold to Taylor Woodrow and seen at East Yelland; one time Normandy now Corrall Queen at Dibbles Wharf Southampton; No 30102 formerly Granville brought by Butlin's; one time Normandy then Corrall Queen and once more Normandy on the Swanage line; USA tank no 30064 at Southampton docks; B4 no 30089 with Drummond C14 3741 at Eastleigh; No 30102 formerly Granville brought by Butlin's joined Royal Scot at Skegness.

Readers' Forum. 91-2.
Backtrack - volume 3 and 4 retrospect. M. Seymour.
A very long letter which would not have escaped the Editorial scissors later: it covers many topics and demands sub-headings!
True blue
Illustration of 60007 (Volume 3 page 122) was not a true representation of garter blue; the MSWR in Ireland used blue; variations in CR and GER blue
Torbay colour spread
Large BR emblems were common on 51XX class: see (Volume 3 page 168).
Monstrous cavities
The illustrations of Box Tunnel (Volume 3 page 226 )are based on lithographs not engravings: Bourne worked directly onto stone for his lithographs; the Wapping Tunnel visit date was 31 July 1829; the locomotive incorrectly shown on the T.T. Bury aquatint had been removed.
The Non-stop
Grantshouse not Granthouse (Volume 3 page 221); A3 2580 - shot must have been taken in 1928 as also reproduced Rly Mag., 1928 (Oct), 274.
Colour file [St Pancras]
New signalbox and colour light signals just visible: see Volume 4 page 45.
The Gresley K3s.
See Volume 4 page 81: Extra lamp iron on GNR locomotives; should it be E1844 or 1844E? 61921 was not at Elsenham, but possibly at Colchester.
Berry Brow station carvings.
See Volume 4 page 64 cites Rly Mag., 1907, 20 (June); Rly Mag., 1951 (Oct): work of Thomas Stocks.
Carriage contrasts.
Pullman car Phoenix: frames had come from Rainbow II burnt out at Micheldever in 1936: see Volume 4 page 117.

Colour files. 93
Stainer class 8F  48384 on a freight train near Golcar climbing towards Standege tunnel. Includes rear view of bracketed signal adjacent to footpath: see also Volume 8 Number 5 rear cover for another view by same photographer (David R. Smith).

Readers' Forum, 92/4.
Silloth branch. Part 2. R. Montgomery.
See feature Vol. 4 page 230: A3 not heading for Silloth, but on slow train for Edinburgh.
Silloth branch. Part 1. B.S. Cooper.
Harbour (Vol. 4 page 173) did not contain a 3 masted schooner, but a square rigged ship, or possibly a barque.
The GWR 'Dukedogs'. Maurice Dart.
9023 and 9018 both visited Newton Abbot in 1950s
Wicker Goods Station. V.M. Thomas. 4-205
Terminus of Sheffield - Rotherham Railway; archaeological remains found "recently".
Goods station operation. David S. Foster McCann.
wagon loadings
Gresley derived motion. R. Syms.
(1) source of Gresley's antipathy to divided drive escaped writer; (2) problem of thermal expansion when derived motion was placed ahead of cylinders. Original 4-244..
Gresley derived motion. J.M. Van Riemsdijk.
Drive onto centre coupled axle was featured on Bavarian Pacifics: reduces hammer blow [am certain that Gresley stated this in one of his papers KPJ, but could not trace where]; divided drive is rougher: writer states that Gresley's preference for concentrated drive was well founded. Original 4-244..
Gresley derived motion. David Jackson.
Critical of unsupported dogmatic statements in original: refutes Gresley's alleged lack of knowledge of locomotive design. Original 4-244..
Signal survivors. A.R. Nicholls.
See colour illustration in Volume 4 page 261: Early three-position semaphore signals on London & Croydon Railway: first upper quadrant versions trialed on GWR in 1914, with fuller installation at Victoria Station (SECR).
Lancashire & Yorkshire posters. Walter Rothschild.
Comment by Rabbi on Jewish emigration from Eastern Europe via Hull or Goole across England with hope of eventual onward travel to America, but many lacked the resources and remained in Northern England (written in response to posters for immigrants: feature page 276 in Volume 4).
Five red herrings. Michael Sladen.
Refers to one strange fact in the Dorothy L Sayers novel (see 4-251), and missed by the commentator, namely the addition of a Pullman car to the Stranraer to Glasgow train at Ayr (which commentator cannot trace); also refers to another novel set on a train in South West Scotland (Sir John Magill's last journey, by Freeman Wills Crofts (1930)) - according to Ottley, Crofts frequently set his stories amidst railway activity.

The near timeless view of a Class 5 4-6-0 tackling Shap viewed at Greenholme. Alan Tyson. rear cover

Number 3 (May/June, 1991)

Ex LMS 'Jubilee' No 45569 Tasmania at Cricklewood shed on 24 June 1963. (Geoff Rixon). front cover

Former LNWR main line contrasts. 100.
Colour photo-feature.: 46245 City of London (red) on up Caledonian at King's Langley c1968; 10201 and 10202 on 9 June 1957 at Great Bridgeford (F.W. Shuttlewoorth)

The Newport Pagnell branch. Bill Simpson. 101-8.
Short branch line from Wolverton, used by staff at railway workshops. History. Map. Illus.: 27561 at Newport Pagnell on 10 April 1948 (H.C. Casserley).

Woodhead - the story of the tunnels - Part 2. Alan Earnshaw. 109-17.
Electrification; signalling; remains; and residual use of tunnels;  plans. Col. illus.: 26049 (green) on coal train at Crowden on 7 August 1969; 26043 (blue) on freight at Dinting on 6 September 1971 (B. Magilton).

Martock - a Somerset market town. R.C. Riley. 118-19.
Colour photo feature: 5563 arrives at busy platform with Saturday train for Taunton; signalbox and notice board (both in Southern Region green)

The Penrhyn quarries railway. John Edgington and Colin Tribbeck (phot.). 120-1.
Colour photographs taken in 1962: overall panorama of quarries; 0-4-0WT Glyden and Cegin (both ex Durham County Water Board (see letter page 299 by A. Earnshaw), and Andrew Barclay Nos. 1994 and 1991, respectively, of 1931); 0-4-0ST Nesta (Hunslet 704 of 1899) and 0-4-0T Ogwen (Avonside 2066 of 1933).

The splendid 'Schools'. 122-3.
Col. illus.: 30936 Cranleigh on up Man of Kent at Westenhanger in about 1957 (P. Ransome-Wallis); 30938 St Olaves (with Lemaitre exhaust) near Herne Bay (as previous); 30912 Downside (with bogie tender) near West London Junction box in May 1962 (Jim Oatway); 30935 Sevenoaks (as previous); 30934 St Lawrence (grubby with Lemaitre exhaust) at Paddock Wood in 1961 (Cliff Woodhead). First two mainly composed of carmine & cream rolling stock..

Early Scottish Diesels. 124.
Col. illus.: D5130 at Wick on 20 June 1961 Highland Omnibus buses in background; Wickham railbus at Crieff. (H.J. Mills)

Railways during the General Strike - Part 1. A.J. Mullay. 125-7.
Effect on LNER: violence against vounteers; especially severe in Scotland where few trains ran; fatal accidents due to lack of skill and control by volunteers; almost 100% from railwaymen for call to strike; LNER attracted 10,000 volunteers: Cramlington derailment was due to sabotage by miners who received severe prison sentences; further sabotage in Scotland. Part 2 described [in]activity at Carnforth (page 173). Led to considerable correspondence including strongly written letter by Neil Burgess on page 298 and refuted by author. The effects of the General Strike affected those involved extremely greatly: my father thought that the Unions had betrayed their members by going on strike and he broke with the Labour Party at that time.

Burwarton revisited. William H. Smith. 128-32.
Traffic, mainly that from Burwarton, on the Cleobury Mortimer & Ditton Priors Railway/line. Conveyance of road stone from Titterston Clee and Brown Clee Hills in Shropshire, some of which arrived by aerial ropeway. Admiralty traffic during Worl War II, and eventual ownership of line by Admiralty. Map, diagrams.

Railway gardens. Bernard Clark. 133-7.
Genuine historical survey, back to middle of nineteenth century. Earliest published report known to author was in Kirkcudbrightshire Advertiser of 1861 reference to gardens on Scottish Central Railway at Larbert, Bannockburn, Stirling and Bridge of Allen, and at Dumfries. Competitions probably began on the Bristol & Exeter Railway in 1864, and when the railway was absorbed by the GWR the scheme was extended to all the Company's stations. Includes competitions and involvement of local gentry in form of gifts of plants. Illus. (from 1900s): Tynemouth, Brislington, Lustleigh (1939), Ashley Hill, Bleadon & Uphill (showing S and T plates on signal box)..

Steam in Metroland - a postscript. W.S. Becket. 138-40.
Cost of locomotive changeover at Rickmansworth; nevertheless, this was a very swift operation; retention of steam led to irregular services; Chesham branch workings using C13 tank locomotives; corrected dates. Mainly during London Transport period. See letter Vol. 6 page 50 (notes Metropolitan Railway 4-4-4T on Chesham branch during WW2. See letter from Frank Goudie  on page 242 (Chesham branch - continued operation by LPTB, list of 4-4-0Ts, freight workings, etc)

Colour files. Sydney Perrier (phot). 141.
Sentinel shunter No 8400 at Lowestoft in 1938; PS Whippingham on 18 August 1937.

Readers' Forum. 142.
Vintage colour. J.F. Aylard.
See illustration page 21: A4 on up express at New Barnet: must have been train 677 up (10.15 ex Edinburgh) in July/August 1938.
Vintage colour. Alan Warren.
See illustration of page 21: 6027: 7.30 am Paddington to Kingswear via Bristol.
North of the Border. Keith Miles.
15219 fitted with snugs around smokebox - like a 2P 4-4-0
More on Gresley's valve gear. Sid Checkley.
Difficulty of maintaining B17 valve gear behind inside cylinder. K3 suffered from smokebox char entering mechanism:: see page 15 and 4-244..

The Royal Border bridge at Berwick with a BR Std class 2 No 78048 with the local from St. Boswells on 1 June 1962. Michael Mensing. rear cover.

Number 4 (July/August, 1991)

LNER Poster 'The Night Scotsman'. Robert Bartlett (artist). front cover

The Hayling Island railway. Michael Kennett. 148-55.
Hayling Island Railway incorporated 23 July 1860, but construction did not begin until 1863: opened to Langstone in 1865, and would have stayed there but for intervention of Francis Fuller who sought changes in route on Island and the whole was opended in 1867. See letter in Vol. 6 page 50.  and correction to date quoted on page 107 of Volume 6. Colour illus. A1X crossing Langstone Bridge with four coach train; also exterior of terminus (T.J. Edgington)

Beyond Aberdeen. Peter Hay. 156-62.
The Great North of Scotland section in 1953: motive power and services on lines which were to disappear after Beeching: Deeside; Buchan lines (Fraserburgh and Peterhead); Moray coast; Speyside, and author's favourite - the line to Banff. B1 class displacing B12 and GNoS 4-4-0s. Map. See letter by Keith Fenwick (page 242) and by R.G. Winder in Vol. 6 page 50 (Croxton+Garry traffic)..

Railway art - taking art out of the gallery. Beverley Cole. 163-7.
The illustrations almost say it all: b&w reproduction of Frith's famous picture of Paddington Station; colour reproductions of Salomon's railway carriage interiors (one relatively prim and proper, the other more animated); a railway carriage panel of Bishop's Stortford (in colour) and posters: Speed to the West (GWR) and East Coast by LNER (Tom Purves) (both in colour) (all from National Railway Museum collections).

Banbury shed in 1963. Dick Riley.168-9.
Colour photo feature: No. 6879 Overton Grange; No. 3855 with red breakdown vehicle (ex Churchward coach) in background; No. 5990 Dorford Hall and No. 3820 at coaling stage.

The Southern in Devonport and Plymouth. A.B. Jeffery. 170-2.
Colour feature: two panoramas: St Budeaux and St. Levan Road (Ford) viaduct; N 31875 with two coach train for Exeter at Devenport on 19 May 1964; Devonport Station (former terminus); Devonport freight depot showing branch to Stonehouse Pool; 34054 Lord Beaverbrook (unrebuilt) on Brighton train (as previous dated).

Railways during the General Strike - Part 2. Mark Reynolds. 173-7.
Part 1 was written by A.J. Mullay and appeared on page 125. Inactivity at Carnforth: few volunteers; considerable amount of short-time working and layoffs following strike. Little violence at Carnforth and unexpected sympathy by strikers for those vwho attempted to get back into railway service during strike.

Railways and holidays. Part 1 - The influence of railways on the development of holiday resorts. Jeffrey Wells.178-85.
The development of Blackpool following the opening of the Preston & Wyre Railway to develop Fleetwood in 1840 as promoted by Sir Peter Hesketh Fleetwood. This formed a part of the London to Scotland route via Ardrossan. In 1846 the line from Poulton to Blackpool [North/Talbot Square] was opened. Later the line to Central via Lytham and the direct line were opened and the latter and Central Station were shut following Beeching, Notes the vast former excursion traffic, including that to the Illuminations. See letter by S. Dixey in Vol. 6 page 50 which refutes dates quoted for first excursions. Part 2 on page 204. Letter by B.G. Verity (p. 242) on time required for travel to Scotland via Fleetwood and Ardrossan. Letter by J.H. Price (p. 242) which states that Blackpool Corporation wished to redevelop Central station site, although BR had wished to close North. Maps, plans, table.

The railway under the lake [Bala to Blaenau Ffestiniog branch]. Colin Ganley. 186-8.
Bala & Ffestiniog Railway, powers for which were obtained in 1873. The route near Arenig was extremely bleak and there were illuminated speed restriction boards to assist drivers. Trains to the artillery ranges were double headed by 43XX 2-6-0s and were severely restricted in speed. Most trains used 74XX or 58XX locomotives. 7442 and 5810 are illustrated on passenger trains and 7414 and 7442 on freight. The line closed because of the construction of Llyn Celyn reservoir by Liverpool Corporation. Letter by J. Burrell on page 243 on Bala Junction..

Colour files. 189.
Beverley station on 22 August 1968 (exterior with platforms) (John Bateman); Southern Region Q1 class 0-6-0 No. 33037 at Tonbridge depot (Cliff Woodhead)

Readers' Forum. 190.
Whistle stop Alderney. Bruce Henderson.
See 4 page 256. Aveling & Barford locomotive: NOT on Alderney: illustration appeared in Locomotive, 1914, 5th May and is somewhere on SER!
Taff's Well. Steve Daly.
Additional notes: location of Rhymney Railway engine shed; New Rockwood Colliery; Walnut Tree Junction - changes in nomenclature. See letter in Volume 6 page 50 from Ian L. Wright for further information : see rear cover for Number 1.
More on Gresley. Gerard M.F. Hill.
Drive onto leading axle rejected due to greater flange wear, questions why divided drive not adopted on 4-cylinder Atlantic.
Locking Road/Haltwhistle. Eric S. Youldon.
In case (page 25) of first Youldon emphasises unusualness of location for photographs, and in second states that route is set for branch, not mainline.
Tiverton Junction. R.C. Riley.
Exeter to Taunton train (not as stated) 7311
London Transport stock. Michael J. Smith.
ESL 118A (ex Metropolitan Railway) and ESL 115 (ex Central London Railway): sleet locomotives.
The splendid 'Schools'. M.J. Burnett.
LN bogie tenders fitted to Schools 30921 and 30912.
Locomotive technicalities. D.K. Horne.
Cut off

King class 4-6-0 6000 King George V (excellent portrayal of bell) picking up water at Aynho troughs. P. Ransome-Wallis. rear cover

Part 5 (Sept/Oct)

Britannia 4-6-2 Sir John Moore north of Potters Bar on the ECML on 13 June 1962. Cliff Woodhead. front cover.
See letter in Volume 6 page 50 from M.C. Prentice which gives list of Immingham-based Britannia Pacifics.

Northallerton. Chris Davies. 196-203.
History back to Great North of England days. Station was opened in 1841. Station was designed by Benjamin Green. The Leeds Northern Railway opened a separate station in 1848. Includes notes on the Hawes branch. See letters in Vol. 6 page 50 by A.F. Aylard on near collision involving Queen of Scots and A.D. Sugden on power box.

Railways and holidays. Part 2. The railways and the wakes. Jeffrey Wells. 204-9.
Part 1 on page 178. Oldham Wakes: history of excursion traffic: early traffic was to Blackpool. On 5 Sept 1901 2600 tickets were sold for an excursion to Torquay.

Locomotive manufacturing. Michael Rutherford. 210-16.
What the author claims to be "an extended look at the background and establishment of a new industry": i.e. back to Newcomen and Watt via Trevithick, Matthew Murray and Charles Beyer. B&w illus include Leeds built rack locomotive on Middleton Railway in 1814; general arrangement drawing of Murray/Blenkinsop locomotive; Trevithick's Catch-me-who-can; Hatcham Iron Works; exporting locomotives at Birkenhead onto sailing ships.

Whitehaven and the Howgill incline: a picture feature and notes. David Young and John Green. 217-19.
Colour photo feature: Haig Colliery: Andrew Barclay 0-4-0ST No.8; Hunslet 0-6-0ST Repulse; Peckett 0-4-0ST.

Euston arrivals. A. Drake and Cliff Woodhead (phots.). 220-1.
Colour phot feature: 42368 on empty stock (sleepers in background); 46228 (red); 46246 (red); 46221 (green): not based at Polmadie as stated but at Carlisle Upperby (letter from M. Tilly Volume 6 page 50).

The Urie influence on the Southern. 222-3.
Colour photo feature: H15 332 (dark green) at Winchester in 1938 with train of LSWR non-corridor stock;  LN 747 at Exeter Central in 1936 with LSWR corridor stock; H16 30516 on empty stock from Atlantic Coast Express on 20 June 1959 (R.C. Riley); N15 30765 on Basingstoke shed in 1961; S15 30828 at Basingstoke on freight (both Cliff Woodhead).

'Pommern' leaves Leeds Central. Cliff Woodhead. 224.
Colour photo feature: A1 No. 60133 (two views) on 29 July 1961.

Some notes on the Faringdon branch. Stanley C. Jenkins. 225-31.
Opened 1 June 1864 by Faringdon Railway Company from Uffington J with GWR. Originally broad gauge. Robert Tertius Campbell, a local squire was a leading figure. Contactor was a Mr Lewis of Carmarthen; Malachi Bartlett of Witney built the stations; Captain Rich inspected. Line taken over by GWR in 1886. See Corriegenda (6 page 50) and letter by J.F. Burrell. B&w illus. include 4651 on mixed train. Maps, timetables.

Sir Thomas Bouch CE, hero or villain. Alan Earnshaw. 232-40.
Biography: bridges on South Durham & Lancashire Union Railway, notably Belah Viaduct, and the Tay Bridge: lacks citations. See letter from J. Shrimpton on page 50 of Volume 6 concerning poem by McGonagle. B&w illus: bowstring girder bridge near Threlkeld with Cauliflower 0-6-0 20484; Langley Beck viaduct; Deepdale Viaduct; Belah Viaduct; Redhaugh Bridge, Newcaslte (road bridge); Tay Bridge.

Rolling stock focus . 241
Colour photo feature: Ex GWR diesel railcar No W20W near Suckley Station (Bromyard - Worcester line) on 9 September 1961 (carmine & cream) (Michael Mensing): ex LNWR /WCJS sleeping car No DM198932 at Wadebridge in Southern green on 15 July 1960 (R.C. Riley).

Readers' forum. 242-3.
Locomotive technicalities. Keith Mills.
Cut-off correspondence in response to letter by Horne.
Railways and holidays. J.G. Verity.
See page 178: Anglo-Scottish journeys via Fleetwood and Ardrossan took 26.5 hours, Notes on club trains; excursion fares; Lytham line.
Railways and the General Strike. J.V. Barrowdale.
See articles on pages 125 and 173. Certificates awarded by SR to workers who worked; requests article on diastrous ASLEF strike in 1955.
Beyond Aberdeen. Keith Fenwick.
See page 156: Overall roof at Fraserburgh; survival of wooden buildings on Coast line; shunting by gravity at Banff; bogie vehicles, or relative lack thereof
Headcodes. C.W. Medd.
as on cover of 5 (3)
Steam in Metroland/London Transport. Frank W. Goudie.
See feature page 138: Chesham branch: until 1941 Metropolitan Rly E class 0-4-4T with 3 or 4 Dreadnoughts; no engine release at Chalfont; LT converted Ashbury coaches for push-pull operation using C13 for power. Full construction list of 4-4-0T; sale of 4-4-0Ts to Cambrian Railways; G 0-6-4T and K 2-6-4T on freight duties; Metropolitan rolling stock converted to leet locomotives
Railway under the lake. J.F. Burrell.
See page 186: Bala Junction
Railways and holidays. J.H. Price.
See page 178: Closure of Blackpool Central was due to influence of Blackpool Corporation which wished to grab site: North had been selected for closure originally.

Book reviews. 243/6.
Britannia - birth of a locomotive. Philip Atkins. Irwell. RJE ***
"This is as far as I am aware the first time that a locomotive class history has been tackled in such a clinical manner"
Calling Carlisle control: tales of the footplate. Peter Brock. Author. RJE ****
"highly recommended"
Shildon – Newport in retrospect. K.C. Appleby. RCTS. AE ***
"its informative content is highly recommended" but reviewer criticises the quality of illustrations and maps.
An illustrated history of railway-owned hotels. Oliver Carter. Silver Link. MB ****
"some superb black and white pictures". "highly recommended"
Leader and Southern experimental steam. Kevin Robertson. Alan Sutton. RCR ***
Indicates some inconsitancies in text.
The Holyhead steamers of the LNWR (Premier Portfolio No. 8). A.W.H. Pearshall and H.H. Davies. LNWR Society. TJE *****
"well written and researched book": one author was Assistant Keeper at National Maritime Museum.
The station now standing. Bill Pertwee. Hodder & Stoughton. BC ***
informative well presented and well designed book

Colour files. 244-5.
LNWR lower quadrant signals at Thrimby Grange on 28 June 1968 (Alan Tyson); Trent station with 45565 on 24 May 1959 (Dick Riley) caption infers Trent was without public access - see letter 6 page 50 by R.H. Billings; Caledonian Railway 439 class 0-4-4T 55217 plus two LMS corridor coaches on Aberfeldy branch train (Alan Tyson); another 439 class 0-4-4T 55227 at Kyle of Lochalsh in June 1961 (H.J. Mills)

The highest main line station in England - Dent station on the Settle and Carlisle (panoramic view). Alan Tyson. rear cover.

Number 6 (November/December 1991)

Southall shed in 1961: 6165 and 4976 outside. A. Drake. front cover.

30 years ago on the Waverley route. M. Thompson. 252-3.
Colour photo feature: Shankend Viaduct (panorama) with B1 crossing on parcels train; A2/2 60519 on fully fitted freight at Shankend station; 60043 and 60035on stopping trains at Steele Road in June 1961.

The Alnwick and Cornhill branch [Coldstream branch]. J.F. Addyman and J.F. Mallon. 254-61.
History of railway, built by North Eastern Railway and opened in 1887 (first passenger train at Wooler on 5 September is illustrated); engineer was Thomas Elliot Harrison (1808-88): also Central Northumberland Railway promoted by Sir Charles Trevelyan (but not constructed); the influence of the NBR in Northumberland; map, gradient profile. Illus. col: 46479 on freight leaving Kelso (Michael Mensing): remainder b&w: Stations at Edlingham; Whillingham (with staff in 1914); Wooler, Akeld, Kirknewton (mostly shortly after being constructed (Architect was William Bell of NER); warehouse at Wooler; bridge over River Beamish near Powburn; effect of 1948 floods; Edlingham Viaduct; D20 at Whillingham; snowplough (with snow) in 1947; J39 64815 at Wooperton.

Great Western [ex Weston Clevedon & Portishead Railway] 'Terriers'. Peter Hooper. 262-7.
GWR Nos 5 and 6 were formerly WC&PR 2 and 4 and SR [B]643 and 2653 respectively. No. 5 lasted until 1954. The two were taken into GWR stock on 15 July 1940 by governmental edict. Illustrated as 643 Gipsyhill, 653 lettered LBSCR (but not Ashstead, and as SR and WC&PR by H.C. Casserley; including B653 at Littlehampton, on WCPR in 1926, 1929, 1938 (4) and in 1936 by F.B. Box and in the 1930s by Ian C. Allen. No. 5 worked engineer's yard at Taunton. See Volume 6 page 107 for alleged error to caption relating to illus. bottom page 264: departure from Portishead, not Clevedon.

Crewe station - 1837 - 1985. R.L. Vickers. 268-72.
History began with GJR location for a staging post, but rapidly became location for locomotive works and juction with Chester & Crewe in 1840, with Manchester & Birmingma in 1842 (but with separate station until 1846. Captain Winby was incharge of station from 1842. Further junctions with NSR in 1848 and with GWR via Crewe & Nantwich opened in 1858. Station gradually evolved. Major investment in 1896 to 1901 period: freight avoiding lines which required tunnels under mainline, subways for GPO mail; booking offices located on platforms for a long time which required issue of platform tickets to purchase tickets. Illustrations taken in 1866 and seeveral in 1881. See letter from Don Rowland on page 107 of Volume 6 concerning Tranship Sheds and arrangements for staff ticket bookings.

Last year of steam at Heaton Lodge. David R. Smith (phot). 273.
8F 48352 on freight on 28 April 1967 (panoramic view); atmospheric shot 20 December 1967.

'On shed' [ex] LMS. 274-5.
Colour photo feature: 46424 (clean) at Willesden mpd on 18 March 1961; 42970 at Oxford (WR) mpd on 26 August 1962; 48619 at Coalville on 3 May 1965 (panorama with Pegson factory in background) (all R.C. Riley); 47236 inside Holbeck shed in May 1964.

Standards on the Southern [Region]. 276-7.
Colour photo feature: Port Isaac Road (panorama) with 80039 on 25 July 1964 (T.B. Owen); 75077 at Basingstoke on stopping train in 1957 (P. Ransome-Wallis); 73170 passing Beaulieu Road on express on 24 July 1965 (Robert Leslie); 76005 on Parkstone bank with Weymouth to Bournemouth train in March 1967.

Scenes around Birmingham. Michael Mensing (phot) and John Edgington. 278-80.
Colour feature: 6866 on freight at Snow Hill in 1962; 7012 working tender-first on empty stock passing Moor Street; 4171 on fast train for Leamington passing Tyseley; 43XX at Acocks Green on stopping train; D148 (green) at New Street on 16 June 1962; 4F 44518 banking at St Andrew's J. in 1963; 46423 light engine at Stechford in 1961.

The 'Baltic' tanks. Tom Middlemass. 281-7.
Robert Whitelegg design for LTSR, but not delivered until after takeover by MR: ban imposed by Stratford on entry into Fenchurch Street: MR attempted to sell to SECR and GWR, where trials took place; L.B. Billinton's Charles C. Macrae: contemplated a 4-6-0; derailments of 4-6-4T led to modifications - well tank; baffles in side tank; lowering centre of gravity; Remembrance fitted with straight nameplates by Southern; rebuilt as N15X 4-6-0s. W.F. Pettigrew's 4-6-4Ts for Furness Rly built by Kitsons; Whitelegg's design for GSWR built by North British Locomotice Co: rolling at speed; considered a 4-6-6T. Whitelegg became GM of Beyer Peacock. Hughes 4-6-4T was a version of L&Y 4-6-0: most of order actually delivered as 4-6-0s. B&w illus.: 4-4-2T LMS 2200; LTSR 11 and 63; 4-6-4T MR 2101 and 2104; LMS 2195 (ex 2104); Furness Rly 115; LBSCR 326; 333; 327 and SR B333 (incorrectly captioned as E333; B331; 4-4-2 32329; LYR 2-4-2T 627; LMS 11101; 11114; 4-6-0 10456; ex GSWR 16403; 15405 at Ayr.

The outdoor machinery dept.. R.M. Tufnell. 288-90.
As experienced on the LMS: electric motors for capstans, belt conveyors, cranes (at Garston Docks), the associated sub-stations, pumps at water troughs and lifts at Tamworth for handling Mail.

Death on the line - the murderer's ticket. Robert Keyes. 291-2.
Writer's father possessed two tickets which he called the "murder tickets" (illustrated) which he had collected whilst working at Harecastle station on 6 October 1911 when a man was brought back to face trial for a murder committed on 2 October in Kidsgrove. The murderer was a German worker called Karl Kramer. The victims were Mrs Weir and her four-years old daughter. The original motive wass robbery: Kramer's superior (Lehr, also German) kept a cash box at his lodgings where Mrs Weir was his landlady. The Germans were erecting Carl Still coke ovens at Birchenwood Colliery. The accused, who was mentally unfit to stand trial, killed the victims when the robbery was interupted.

Death on the line - the Lintz Green murder. Terry Middleton. 293-5.
Murder of Joseph Wilson, station master at Lintz Green (Derwent Valley branch, Co Durham) on 7 October 1911. Samuel Atkinson, a relief porter was accused, but trial failed due to lack of evidence.

Death on the line - a railway mystery. John C. Hughes. 295-6.
On 17 September 1954 the fireman on the 10.10pm Liverpool Central to Manchester was killed whilst "dogging": that is leaning out of cab to view courting couples in neighbouring coaches. The fireman hit his head on rolling stock on adjacent line and driver attempted to cover, but couple cooperated with police. Real names of those involved are not given.

Rolling stock focus - Southern Region coaching stock. 297.
Colour photo feature:W4213S (green) - Bulleid semi-open third; SECR birdcage stock (dark blue) on Longmoor Military Railway in 1969.

Readers' forum. 298-9.
Gresley derived motion - the final words. Gerald Druce.
Gresley may have been concerned about stress on leading crank axles on curves.
Gresley derived motion - the final words. John Wright.
Convenient to fit cylinders within bogie wheel base: even torque from three cyclinders: questions Holcroft's contribution (Engineer, 1918): suggests examination of patents.
...and finally Owen Russell replies.
Admits to incorrect comments concerning angularity of cranks and uneven beats. Concentrated drive may not have been acceptable to Civil Engineer on B17 - hence the divided drive. Comment from KPJ: it would seem that someone needs to examine all of Gresley's papers and the comment by him on others' papers: his views on three-cylinder drives were stated several times. Also Norman McKillop greatly appreciated the ease of preparing Gresley Pacifics.
Railways during the General Strike. Neil Burgess.
Considered that Mullay's contribution (page 125, also 173) was excessively one-sided: Companies were at fault for encouraging volunteer effort, etc, but writer overstates his case and clearly failed to understand nature of contribution. [see immediately below].
Railways during the General Strike. A.J. Mullay.
Refutation of above: made clear that he was merely publishing archived material from the time.
Railways during the General Strike. Peter Howlett.
Father's diaries: father was fireman at Doncaster: demoted to cleaner following strike: table shows the vast loss of earnings which he suffered.
Railways during the General Strike. B.G. Smith.
Letter to his father thanking him for working during strike.
Northallerton. Chris Davies.
Corriegenda. Ownership of photographic copyright. 65021 was class J21 not as stated.
Railway under the lake [Bala-Blaenau Ffestiniog line]. Micheal F. Huber.
Remains visible, especially those on rock ledge.
Penrhyn Quarries. Alan Earnshaw.
Locomotives from Durham County Water Board (photographs page 120) had worked at Burnhope in Upper Weardale on reservoir: there was also a standard gauge link to the LNER Wearhead branch.

Colour files. 300-1.
Barnetby station (with snow). (S.C. Dent);  Skegness signal box on 11 August 1975 (John Bateman); Gresley A4s at King's Cross 2509 Silver Link deparing on Silver Jubilee in 1937 and 4466 Herring Gull at buffer stocks in 1939 (Sydney Perrier)

An LMS class 5 heading north towards Carr Bridge on the Highland Rly's short route to Inverness. Gavin Wilson. rear cover.
Train, including sleeping cars mainly in carmine and cream, but with one LMS maroon coach: actually heading south see Readers' Forum, Vol 6 page 107 letter by Peter Tatlow (in 1951 headed by 45467)

Updated 2006-08-21

Next volume (6)