Volume 6 (1992)

Home Vol. 5 Jan/Feb March/April May/June July/August Sept/Oct Nov/Dec Vol. 7

Number 1 (January/February)

Battle of Britain No 34052 Lord Dowding at Eastleigh mpd. Les Elsey. front cover.
Further information about date.  Confirmed as 6 August 1961 by photographer, himself.

Big Wheels [driving wheel diameters]. David Jenkinson. 4-13.
"the late Roland Bond actually stated to the author "that in his opinion there was no real purpose in changing a driving wheel size by less than six inches - and he was a former Midland man trained by a railway which was very fond of its quarter inch dimensions" . See letter by D.K. Horne on page 163 on hammer blow and interaction between locomotive and the track. Col. illus.: NER R (D20) 1207 LNER lined black livery at Pickering in 1938; T9 30712 at Exmouth Junction mpd on 5 July 1957 (R.C. Riley); 6018 at Swindon in early 1960s (B.J. Harding): more precise information ; 46236 (red) at Euston in 1961 (Cliff Woodhead); b&w: Pearson broad gauge 4-2-4T 54; Pollitt 4-2-2 971 at Neasden in 1902; Stirling 4-2-2 at York; D18 1869 at Scarborough in 1927; Aspinall 4-4-2 on Lostock troughs: see letter from Harry Jack page 107 stating that photographer was Dr T.F. Budden plus more information about locomotive illustrated; H2 32474 on 5 October 1952 (E.D. Bruton*); SR T14 444 at Nine Elms (*); 5343 at Oxford on freight on 20 September 1947 (*); 61774 at Fort William on 11 June 1951 (*) see Editorial correction page 107: locomotive built at Kitsons in 1921 not as stated; 45365 arriving Inverness on mail from Wick on 20 June 1951 (*)60532 at Dundee Tay Bridge in October 1964 (P. Ransome-Wallis); 35017 at Nine Elms on 16 July 1949 (*); 70014 at Basingstoke on 21 July 1951; 92204..

Chacewater and Newquay branch line. Andrew L. Robinson. 14-19.
Map and b&w illus. with extended captions: illus arranged in geographical order: Chacewater with class 22 in early 1960s; Mount Hawke halt; St Agnes station (both original single platform and 1937 island platform; Goonbell halt; Mithian halt; Perranporth Beach halt with 5562 (Peter Hay* taken between 14 and 16 August 1959); Perranporth station (*), also with 2-4-0T approaching; Goonhavern halt with 5562 (*); Shephers station with 5500 (*) and with steam railcar 24;  Mitchell & Newlyn with 5515 (*) and 5562 (*); Newquay station.

Women at work - a history of Britain's railwaywomen. Helen Ashby.. 20.
Only 4564 female workers on railways at beginning of 1914: worked mainly in laudries; refreshment rooms and on sack repair (GER); and as crossing keepers on GWR. During World War I there was a great increase, but initially mainly in clerical, as booking clerks and ticket collectors. Initially there was a lack of training and strong union opposition, but some were permitted to remain after 1919 - there were lady stationmasters on West Highland line in 1929. B&w illus. show range of activities: police officers on NER; ticket collectors on LSWR; engine cleaners on L&Y; coal stackers on MR; manufacturing shell cases on L&Y; and prior to war in 1911: laundering blinds on GER and telegraphists on L&Y.

Steam in the Yorkshire coalfields. B. Williamson. 25-7.
Colour feature: NCB locomotives (all 0-6-0ST): Hudswell Clark (HC 1871) 1954 at St John's Colliery, Normanton Parkhill in apple green on 3 July 1969; Hawthorn Leslie (HL 3534) of 1922 S115 (red) at Wheldale C. on 18 April 1971; Hunslet (HE 2414) originally for PLA in 1941: S112 (maroon) with underfeed stoker at Acton Hal C., Featherstone on 17 November 1969; Hunslet 3594 (1950) Rossington No. 1 (green) at Askern Main C. on 21 July 1970; HE 3833 at Glasshoughton C. (sky blue) on 17 June 1971; Airedale No. 2 (red, inoriginal condition) on 5 May 1971.

The life and times of the LMS 'Jubilees'. 28-9.
Colour feature: 5616 Malta (red) at St Albans in 1938; 45742 Connaught in Birmingham New Street on express in September 1956 (John Edgington); 45574 India running-in at Crewe on 3 August 1960 (Cliff Woodhead); 45581 without nameplate at Deganwy (light engine) (Joe Richardson): see letter from E. Buckley on page 107 concerning the route taken via Leeds to Llandudno summer extra to avoid Manchester.

Twenty years ago in East Anglia. G.R. Mortimer. 30-1.
Colour feature:: hybrid DMU set on Chappel viaduct Bury St. Edmund's (panorama with green D5665 heading Harwich to Peterborough train on 8 September 1971; English Electric Type 3 No 6742 passing Swavesey on freight on Cambridge St Ives line on 3 June 1970;  Mellis station out of use but with working signal box being passed by Brush type 4 1760 (green) on up express on 15 July 1972.

The LNER 'Coronation' Express: operational triumph and commercial flop. A.J. Mullay. 32-6.
Analysis of punctuality and passenger loadings. See later feature on Coronation versus Coronation Scot on page 76. See author's errata on page 106 and letter from J.F. Aylard on fastest journeys recorded. Col. illus.: Frank H. Mason poster showing train on cliffs north of Berwick with Lindisfarne and Farne Islands in background; Menu cover; b&w illus.: inaugural departure with 4491 (C.C.B. Herbert*); up arrival with 2509 on 16 June 1938 (F. Box) but see later correspondence on incorrectly catalogued item; beaver tail observation car (*); 4466 on Coronation and 10000 on 4pm to Leeds (*).

Cab signalling. R.D. Easden. 37-40.
Rather thin description of some systems: GWR Automatic Warning System, Hudd sytem, Raven system on NER, and British Railway's first system based on Hudd system. Further information on Raven system and a fuller account of BR AWS are given on page 162.

The Kilmarnock and Troon Railway: an early Scottish railway. Graham Kirkpatrick. 41-8.
Mainly a history, but also what remains, and efforts by local authority at conservation. Map. William Jessop was involved in planning the line which opened in 1812 following Acts in 1808. The local aristocracy was involved: Marquis of Titchfield; the Earl of Eglinton, and the Duke of Portland. An early locomotive (0-6-0) manufactured by Stephenson of the Killingworth-type, The Duke, was acquired. See also short feature on restoration of Greathead Viaduct in Volume 11 page 159..

Rolling stock focus: Western Region auto coaches. 49.
Colour feature: W242W at Chalford on 22 August 1964 coupled to 6412 (M.H. Yardley); 1432 with similar vehicle at Ellesmere about 1960 (H.J. Mills)

Readers' Forum. 50-1.
Steam in Metroland. F.C.H. Ryley.
See Vol. 5 page 138: In August 1939 and 1941 writer observed 4-4-4T with two Dreadnought coaches on Chesham branch. In August 1945 a 4-4-4T had failed and Chalfont and a K class 2-6-4T was in use.
The Hayling Island Railway. A.E. Johnson.
See Volume 5 page 148. Five holiday camps on Island. Terminus was ¾ mile from beach. Road traffic problems required a flagman at Havant level crossing until replaced by bridge. This letter contains an error in one of dates quoted: see further letter on page 107.
Railways and holidays. Part 1. S.J. Dixey.
See Vol. 5 page 178. First excursion not to Blackpool, but by Nottingham Mechanics Institute on MCR in 1840, followed by famous Thomas Cook excursion, also on MCR in 1841. See further letter from Elizabeth and Arthur Jordan (page 218), and their book Away for the day which claims that excursions started very early in railway history .
Faringdon. Stanley C. Jenkins.
See feature page 225 (Vol. 5): Corriegenda: gauge changed in 1878, not 1876. Dates of working timetables.
Faringdon. J.F. Burrell.
See feature page 225 (Vol. 5): Closure on 31 December 1951 prior to involvement of TUCC. Notes extremely poor connexions towards London.
Trent station. R.H. Billings.
See 5 page 244 (photograph): footpath access does exist; also restricted road access to railway houses.
Taff's Well. Ian L. Wright.
Not Rockwood Colliery (Steve Daly letter Volume 5 page 190), but Nantgawr Colliery and Coke Ovens served by Cardiff Railway until 1952, and then by a new connexion.
46221. M. Tilly.
Based at Upperby, not at Polmadie as stated: see Volume 5 page 220.
Thomas Bouch. J. Shrimpton.
William McGonagle: see feature in Volume 5 page 232.
Britannia Pacifics on the Great Northern main line. M.C. Prentice.
Response to caption for front cover of Volume 5 Part 5. List of those based at Immingham mpd.
Beyond Aberdeen. R.G. Winder.
See feature in Vol. 5 page 156: Croxton + Garry traffic on Waterloo branch, Aberdeen.
Information wanted. David Sibley.
Railway accident at Wimbledon involving Waterloo to Southampton train, driven by Alfred Downes, in collision with Waterloo-Wimbledon train on wrong track.
Northallerton. A.F. Aylard.
See Vol. 5 page 196: Potential collision between Queen of Scots and express from King's Cross which ran through signals at danger: Gerry Fienes stated latter was driven by Bill Sparshatt.
Northallerton. A.D. Sugden.
See Vol. 5 page 196: Power box (interior illustrated) opened 2 September 1939.

Colour files. 52-3.
Colour feature: Goudhurst station with H 31324 (Cliff Woodhead); cafeteria car S9211E at Eardley on 28 March 1963 (former LNER buffet car painted Southern Region green and marked condemed) (R.C. Riley): further information from Roger Merry-Price on page 107 noting that the conversions were from former LNER ambulance coaches, not buffet cars ; J1 2323 at Eastleigh in 1938 with Egyptian style lettering; J2 2326 in malachite green with sunshine yellow lettering in September 1947 (J.M. Jarvis).

Book reviews. 54.
The Newquay branch and its branches. John Vaughan. Oxford Publishing. DJ ****
"Mr Vaughan's scholarship is sound and his text is packed with facts....Recommended"
Rail centres. Edinburgh. A.J. Mullay. Ian Allan. PT ***
"valuable and interesting survey", but criticises production standards in relation to price
Steam in action: Castles. Laurence Waters. Ian Allan.
Days of steam. Neil Davenport. Patrick Stephens. CR ***
"one comes away from them [both books] that they do not actually tell us very much."
Scottish steam album. Brian Morrison. OPC/Haynes. AT ***
Reprint: reviewer critical of the 'samey' format.
Steam portfolios. 7. South Eastern steam. Rodney Lissenden. Ian Alan. TJE **
Colour album: "selection is somewhat haphazard" and reproduction and captions are criticized.

BR 2-6-0 No 78048 coming off the viaduct east of Roxburgh. [The same pair as on Vol 5 pg 144]. Michael Mensing. rear cover

Number 2 (March/April, 1992)

Ex-'Caley' 4-4-0 No 54495 at Helmsdale on freight circa 1958. F.W. Shuttleworth front cover

The story of Manchester Central station. Robert Emblin. 60-70.
A very thorough history, with 18 references, several diagrams and maps. Designed for the Cheshire Lines Committee (Midland, Great Northern, MSLR Joint) by Lewis H. Moorsom, Resident Engineer, and not by [Sir] John Fowler. Brickwork and masonry by Robert Neill & Sons, Manchester. Roof by Andrew Handyside & Co., Derby. Opened 1st July 1880. Frontage never completed: neither offices, nor hotel, nor even a link to the Midland Hotel. Closure on 3rd May 1969 and Cornbrook Junction reconfigured to take trains into Oxford Road or Piccadilly stations. Sold by British Railways Property Board in 1972 to Arkle Holdings and was nearly demolished (parts being used for temporary car parking) and eventually acquired by the Greater Manchester Council (GMC) to be converted into conference and exhibition centre: G-MEX. List of corriegenda from author on page 162. Letter from J. Sawyer on page 162 concerning Liverpool Central to Guide Bridge servia via Manchester Central and Fairfield Loop; also from J.H. Price on this service on page 218.  See letter from Brackett on page 275.

Annesley's 'Scots'. M.C. Thompson. 71-5.
The sleeper services from Euston to Manchester were diverted to the Great Central route to Marylebone during the WCML electrification and Annesley mpd received some very rundown Royal Scots to "assist" with this and other services: footplate experiences: Errata page 162. b&w illus by Bob Wilkinson: 45535 (partially derelict); 46165 at Nottinghma Victoria on Marylebone train; 46101 on shed; panaorama of mpd; 46112, 46136, 46163, 4611=22 and 45735.

Coronation' versus 'Coronation Scot'. A.J. Mullay. 76-81.
Critical of timing and nature of both services. Originally Aberdeen had been intended destination for Coronation, and Mullay considers that either this or Glasgow might have been better destinations. Timing of Coronation Scot was too near that of Mid-day Scot. Lack of special rolling stock and slow timing of Mid-day Scot are also criticised. See earlier feature on Coronation on page 32. See letter on page 162 by Davidson. Further correspondence from Don Rowland and from A.J. Mullay  on page 218, in response and to George Davidson.. Col. illus.: Bryan de Grineau poster for Coronation Scot and Tom Purvis poster showing Coronation crossing Royal Border Bridge with "headlights blazing" against a wonderful Apocalyptic sunset. B&w illus.: W1 10000 on 4pm to Leeds being overhauled by Coronation (C.C.B. Herbert); on Coronation Scot : 6220 at South Kenton on 14 July 1937 (C. Cawston); 6229 in Lune Gorge, summer 1939 (L. Overend); 6222 on Dillicar troughs in 1937 (M.W. Earley); A4 4488 in June 1937; 60019 at Aberdeen in 1966 and 6244.

Steamships of the 'Big Four'. Alan Tyson (phot.). 82-3.
Colour feature: ex-SR SS Falaise (Denny 1946) at Newhaven on 16 July 1971; ex-LNER PS Lincoln Castle (Inglis, 1940) at New Holland Pier on 15 August 1970; ex-GWR SS St Patrick (Cammell Laird, 1947) at Folkestone on 2 July 1971; ex CSP (LMS) Duchess of Hamilton (Harlamd & Wolff) at Inverary on 9 June 1970.

Pre-group 0-6-0s LNER style. 84-5.
Colour feature: J37 64624 at North Esk viaduct, Montrose, on freight in 1964, 64608 at Gordoun (Inverbervie branch), both wildly and incorrectly described as being in the "border region" see letter from John A. Smith page 162. (all Michael Mensing except next); J27 65834 at Gateshead in January 1965 (Joe Richardson); J11 64444 at Tibshelf on short coal train in 1959.

Green period DMUs. Michael Mensing (phot) and John Edgington (captions). 86-7.
Colour feature: class 101 (5 car) at Stetchford of Birmingham New Street to Rugby service 0n 8 September 1962; class 120 at Birmingham Snow Hill in empty stock state; class 126 at Acocks Green (in light green, all remained in dark - most with cat's whiskers); class 128 parcels car between Spring Road and Tyseley.

G.J. Churchward and his contemporaries. L.A. Summers. 88-92.
Mainly a personality, including man management study, rather than an engineering assessment. Although Summers does present a different case a considerable amount of potential material, especially comment by his peers (notably by Stanier and Gresley), is not included. B&w illus: two portraits; Stoke Gabriel cottage where GJC was born; interior of Newburn. Notes that Joe Armstrong committed suicide on 1 January 1888. Col. illus: 5378 on freight at West Bromwich in 1958 and 2873 on fitted freight at Acocks Green in 1959 (Michael Mensing); b&w illus.: 2913 on Fox's Wood troughs on Cardiff to Brighton train in 1930s. See letters on page 163 by D.K. Horne on Churchward's relationship with J.L. Wilkinson, and on hammer-blow and by David Holmes on harsh working conditions at Swindon.

A one time East Anglian artery: The Midland and Great Northern. H.P. White. 93-104.
Brief history with map of local railways which were acquired by the Midland (with an end-on junction at Bourne) and Great Northern (with a junction at Peterborough) with lines to Kings Lynn, across Norfolk to Fakenham, Melton Constable,  with lines to Cromer, Norwich and Yarmouth, and joint lines with GER which extended to Mundesley and Lowestoft. Traffic included agricultural (grain, sugar beet and livestock), fish, holidaymakers (the Poppyland image) and assisted in the development of resorts, like Sheringham, Cromer and Caister. Possessed its own locomotives and rolling stock until 1936. The main train service was the "Leicester". A journey, shortly before closure, from Peterborough to Yarmouth in September 1958 is described. Illustrations (b&w) mainly by author: Peterborough (1958 and 1988), Murrow, Sutton Bridge (also in 1988 by A.C. Mott), South Lynn, Hillington, East Rudham. Raynham Park, Melton Constable, Honing, Aylsham, North Walsham, Great Ormesby and Yarmouth Beach. Class 4 43160 features in some of these.

Rolling stock focus - BR standard Travelling Post Offices. 105.
Colour feature:W80303 (blue/grey livery sorting van) at Penzance in March 1969; W80408 (Post Office red version of BR 1956-65 livery stowage van) at Penzance; W 80454 (livery as previous: brake/stowage van) at Old Oak Common.

Readers' Forum. 104/6-7
Alnwick & Cornhill. Michael H.C. Baker.
Whittingham station remains and road sign to station (both with illus).
Alnwick & Cornhill. J.F. Burrell.
Prior to 1914 there were only four passenger trains and only one crossed  - at Whittingham. Writer billetted near line in 1943, and noted daily freights, the three stationmasters on the line, the J39, J21 and J26 used on freights and D16/1 and D20 used on parcels; some troops were conveyed during World War II.
Steam in the Yorkshire coalfields. Don Townsley.
Refers back to p.25: Hunslet 2414 for Stewarts & Lloyds ironstone quarries at Islip: first of intended order of 8, but remainder diverted by Ministry of Supply: 2413/17/18 to Stanton Ironworks Buckminster Quarries; 2415 to Parkgate Iron & Steel quarry at Charwelton, then to Oxfordshire Irnstone Co. Banbury; 2412/14/18 (must be wrong KPJ) to War Dept., Long Marston; 2412 and 2418 thence to Guest Keen and Nettlefolds, Cardiff; 2414 loaned to Port of London Authority and subsequently acquired in 1946; sloping bunker of 2414 held ½ ton less than Austerity; Hunslet 3594 was a standard 16 in locomotive; story that Airedale No. 2 was completed before war broke out lacks substance; 3883 - not 3833 - 3883 was subject to dynamometer trials at Swindon in 1963.
Women at work. Colin Hughes.
Refers back to p.20. Railway cartage work.
Colour images - Backtrack Vol. 6 No.1. John M. Rhodes.
6018 was taken on 28 April 1963 (had arrived on an SLS special); 34052 was taken on same day (football special).
The Coronation. A.J. Mullay.
Corriegenda to feature on page 32..
The Coronation. J.F. Aylard.
See feature on page 32: Fastest journeys, and the limitations to such timings.
Crewe Station. 1837-1965. Don Rowland.
Tranship Sheds. Staff ticket offices: see Volume 5 page 268.
Great Western 'Terriers'. John Binding.
See feature page 262 (Volume 5): illus bottom p264 error: train deparing Portishead not Clevedon. Notes on colours as perceived.
Carrbridge - Vol. 5 No. 6 (rear cover). Peter Tatlow
Which see: Train travelling south not north: 45467 in 1951
The life and times of the LMS Jubilees. E. Buckley
Writer explains reporting number scrawled on front of 45581 in colour feature pp28/9; used to avoid Manchester Victoria - via Stockport, Skelton Junction and Lymm.
Cafeteria car S9211E. Roger Merry-Price.
See illustration on page 52 of former LNER vehicle converted into cafeteria car: original vehicles were ambulance cars not buffet cars
The Hayling Island Railway. A.E. Johnson.
Error printed in earlier letter page 50: original feature page 148 (Volume 5).
Big wheels—L&YR 4-4-2. Harry Jack.
Information added to precis (feature page 4)
Erratum. Editor.
K2 61774 was built at Kitsons and not as stated (illus. page 10: feature page 4).

Colour files. 108-9
GWR 'Small' prarie tanks: No. 4547 at Penmere on Falmouth branch with B set and No 5519 at Chacewater on Newquay via Perranporth train formed of carmine and cream corridor stock on 20 May 1959 (Michael Mensing). GWR shunter's truck DW 94995 at Westbury, Handsworth and Smethwick station on 6 March 1972 (R.C. Riley)

Book reviews. 110.
Scenes from the past. 11. Railways in and around Nottingham. V. Forster and W. Taylor. Foxline. TJE ****
"excellent record of railways in the area"
Scenes from the past. 12. The Conwy Valley line. W.G. Rear. Foxline. DJ *****
"highly recommended"
The Great Central then and now. Mac Hawkins. David & Charles. DJ ****
"excellently produced book"
A pictorial record of Great Western architecture. Adrian Vaughan. Oxford Publishing. PT ***
"welcome reissue"
Welsh steam. Gwyn Briwnant-Jones. University of Wales Press. TJE ****
95 photographs from collection of National Library of Wales covering period c1860 to 1961. Notes one serious entry concerning caption to arch on Admiralty Pier, Holyhead.

Banking assistance (N class 2-6-0) on ex LSWR line between Barnstaple and Ilfracombe. Cliff Woodhead. rear cover.

 Number 3 (May-June, 1992 Volume 6)

Gresley V2 2-6-2 No. 60854 (green) at Finsbury Park. Geoff Rixon. front cover
See letter from Coster on page 278 concerning fitment of this V2 with copper-capped chimney, and highly informative letter from Geoff Hughes on page 330.

Corfe Castle [Swanage branch]. Cliff Woodhead and T.J Edgington. 116-17.
Colour photo-feature.: 30379 on push-pull on 16 June 1961 on Corfe Castle viaduct; 80015 with 2 corridor coaches in May 1966 and station with Pullman camping coaches in May 1966.

The Plymouth, Devonport and South Western Junction. Railway. S.C. Fryer. 118-26.
History with map of railway which enables LSWR to gain independent access to Plymouth: Parliamentary battles with GWR which charged LSWR high tolls. Involvement of local landowners, notably Lady Ashburton, Earl of Mount Edgcumbe, the Duke of Bedford and Lord St Levan who gave support. Involvement of East Cornwall Mineral Railway with its line from Calstock towards Callington. Following inspection by Major Marindin for Board of Trade opened 2nd June 1890. Notes serious accidents during construction including one in Devonport Park tunnel. Messrs Relf & Pethick were the contractors. Notes on the current state of this strategically significant mainline are included. This article produced extensive correspondence on page 274 : by Baker on construction costs, by Abbott on residual train service, by Tatlow on the construction of viaducts in mass concrete and by Edmunds on demolition of line.  and on page 278 from Coster concerning Tavy Viaduct. and from Keith Horne on page 218 commenting upon this viaduct. Illus. (b&w): Shillanmill viaduct; Bannawell viaduct; Lydford (early view); Brentor, Tavistock, Bere Alston, Bere Ferrers, Tamerton Foliot, St Budeaux, Ford, Devonport, River Tavy viaduct, Wallabrook viaduct (all of stations unless stated otherwise). Col. illus. 41316 at Callington and Calstock on 28 August 1961 (R.C. Riley).

The Ashover Light Railway. Tim Warner. 127-9.
Narrow gauge (2 ft) line opened on 6th April 1925. Owned by Clay Cross Company, at that time a family firm in which Sir William Jackson had played a major role. Firm involved in coal, iron castings and lime and railway connected quarries in Ashover with Clay Cross. Engineering consultant was H.F. Stephens. Family members, including Thomas Hughes Jackson who was over 90 drove trains on opening day. Carried passengers until 1936. Remains noted. See letter by Foden on page 274. concerning current state of former route and letter by Little on reason for closure. B&w illus.: Asover Butts sation in 1925 (R. Gratton); opening day; Woolley Moor level crossing in 1943; special train headed by Joan on 24 August 1947.

Manning Wardle of Leeds. Mark Smithers. 130-5.
Includes a table of the standard types built by this company which was formed in 1858 by Alexander Campbell and Charles Wardle, both of whom were ex-E.B. Wilson & Co, of Leeds. The Boyne Engine Works owed its name to the Viscount Boyne Estate on which the works were constructed. It is unfortunate that there are no references, not even to Rolt's Hunslet hundred. The first locomotive was a 3 ft gauge 0-4-0ST for Dunstan & Barlow Ltd of Chesterfield, for which there is no known photograph. The old I class was developed from a Wilson 0-4-0ST into an 0-6-0ST. Includes locomotives which have been preserved. Some locomotives were constructed for the mainline companies. One of the more interesting orders were 1564/5 (2-6-4T) supplied to the 1 ft 11½ in gauge Avontour-Port Elizabeth Railway in South Africa. Another was the Fell elevated railway (18 in gauge) locomotives (412/1872) 0-6-0. Many b&w illus.: L 0-6-0ST (1210) Sir Berkeley as at Cranford Ironstone, but originally to Logan & Hemmingway (contractors) in 1891; K 0-6-0ST (1416) of 1899 originally to J.D. Howell & Son as Emily of Austin Motor Co in 1955; H 0-4-0ST (1486) Garswood of 1900 for Haydock Colliery; 3 ft gauge 0-6-0ST 1675 of 1906 Kettering Furnaces No. 8; 0-4-0ST 1057 of 1888 for T.A. Walker, a contactor, then to Manchester Ship Canal, and as shown as Wantage Tramway No. 7; non-standard 0-6-2T (1704b of 1907) to TVR as 296; F 0-4-0ST (1057/1888) as Wantage Tramway No. 7; metre gauge 0-4-2ST 1757 of 1910 to Waltham Iron Ore Co.; O 0-6-0ST 1577 of 1902 for Acton Hall Colliery see letter from Mark Smithers (page 218) actually M class 2006/1921 at Wissington and letter from Jim Featherstone which confirms that was a Wissington locomotive, but had been ordered by Bombay Harbour Trust; 2 ft gauge 0-4-0ST 1371 of 1897 Colonel Wilson; Lynton & Barnstaple (as SR) 2-6-2T E760 Exe (1362 of 1897).

LMS poster publicity and the Royal Academy. Beverley Coles. 136-9.
The LMS sought publicity by sponsoring poster art from Royal Academicians, and recovered some of the cost by selling the posters, some of the most popular are noted, and there is a full list of the series. The illustrations (all colour except first) are: Norman Wilkinson at work on poster of Grangemouth Docks; Speed by Sir Bertram Mackenmal, Carlisle by Maurice Griffenhagen, British Industries: Cotton by Cayley Robinson, Northern Ireland: Dunluce Castle by Julius Olsson, The Night Mail by Sir William Orpen, The Permanent Way: Relaying by Stanhope Forbes (a very LNWR scene) (all from NRM). See letter frrom Coster concerning work by Stanhope Forbes and Jack Merriott [sic] Marriott?? (page 278).

Pre-war LNER Atlantics. Philip Colebourn. 140-1.
Early colour photographs: C2 3252 (lined black) Hitchin 1937; C1 3286 (green) Hitchin; C11 9875 (green) Edinburgh St Margarets, August 1939 (see latter p. 274 and another concerning preservation on page 278); C7 2164 (green) York, August 1937.

Western approaches to Paddington. Cliff Woodhead (phot). 142-3.
Colour feature: 4096 passing Southall on down express, early 1960s; 8750 crossing Wharncliffe viaduct, summer 1961; 6027 at Westbourne Park on Birmingham express on 31 st May 1962; 7017 at High Wycombe on up express in 1961.

The Red Hall [Bourne, Essendine Railway] J.C. Cutler. 144-6.
Country house which became a railway station. House owned by Gilbert Fisher in 1633; James Digby in early nineteenth century, Philip Pauncefort-Duncombe sold house to Essendine Railway Co in about 1857. Railway opened 16 May 1860. Present state of house. References. Several illus. (including colour).

The use of 'checks' and 'cheques' in steam days at Swindon works. Ken Gibbs. 147-50.
Payment methods for wages grades. See letter from Michael J. Smith on page 218 concerning working methods at Paddington in early 1950s.

A 'Blue pencil' storm in a BR teacup. Norman Seabrooke. 151.
Relief stationmaster and visit of auditor at station where money was borrowed from the till for tea-making. Author's initial interview with LMS recounted in 17 page 186. His career at Wellingborough is told in Vol. 8 page 187 et seq.

Woodlesford - North Eastern Region 1964 - life, traffic and incidents at a wayside main-line station. Alan L. Bailey. 152-60.
Author reported to Stationmaster Tom Swaby in May 1964, by which time most paasenger services were worked by DMUs (Leeds to Sheffield stopping trains and trains from Leeds to Knottingley. There was commuter traffic to Leeds and this caused a rush in ticket booking for the main train. Most of the freight was still worked by steam. The main freight handled was inwards coal to Stourton Grange power station and the writer was responsible for checking the quantities arriving. There had been traffic to Bentley's Yorkshire Brewery, but most of this had gone. There were several serious accidents to railway staff and a derailment of the St Pancras  to Glasgow sleeper on 28 September 1964. Some work was also performed at Altofts and at Methley. B&w illus. (by author): 1964 May: WD 90768 on freight' D52 on Leeds St Pancras express; 8F 48080 shunting; Highland Railway 103 light engine; June: class 3 2-6-0 77010 on freight; class 5 73164 on freight; 8F 48048 with brake vans and 8F on front; 5 45211 on Leeds-Sheffield slow train; 45072 on freight; August: 45428 on Leeds-Sheffield local; 8F 48641 on coal train: 28 September 1964: Ivatt class 4 on East & West Yorks Union line freight; derailment of St Pancras to Glasgow sleeper; D1748 on train of tank wagons on 8 March 1968; class 25 7561 leaving Stourton up yard on 14 July 1971. Author notes some errors in letter page 218 and proposal for Channel Tunnel freight terminal in that area: this is also covered in letter by R.B. Shaw.

Rolling stock focus - the LNER Coronation observation cars. 161.
Col. illus.: E1729E as in original state, but in maroon livery near Luib on Oban line in 1957 (F.W. Shuttleworth) and as modified to give better views on turntable at Fort William on 2nd July 1962 (Cliff Woodhead).

Readers' Forum. 162-3.
Cab signalling. A.V.N. Priest.
Illustration of Raven apparatus is to his mechanical system (patented in 1892), not to his later electrical system which is described on page 37. The mechanical system was successful in operation.
Cab signalling. R.D. Easden.
Justification for including Radio electronic token block (RETB) and clearer account of BR AWS than on page 37 et seq.
Annesley's Scots. Mike Thompson.
Corriegenda: see page 71.
Scottish 0-6-0 workings. John A. Smith.
Bervie is not in Scottish Border region: see photo-feature page 84.
Manchester Central. Robert Emblin.
Feature page 60 by writer: list of corriegenda.
Manchester Central. J. Sawyer.
See feature page 60: did not mention Liverpool Lime Street to Guide Bridge train which reversed in Central Station and followed Fairfield Loop (a residual service).
The LNER 'Coronation' express. George A. Davidson.
Arguments in favour of the commercial success of the Coronation train (see page 76) as supported by Bonavia's History of the LNER. Further correspondence from Don Rowland and from A.J. Mullay  on page 218, in response and to this.
Big wheels/G.J. Churchward. D.K. Horne.
See feature on page 4 et seq on big driving wheels: writer considers relationship between motive power and track and bridges (hammer blow, fatigue and advances in metallurgy). See also page 88 for observations on  relationship between J.L. Wilkinson and Churchward (note symmetry within letter!).
G.J. Churchward. David Holmes.
See feature on page 88: Harsh working conditions in Swindon Works: notes on Alfred Williams - a poet who was employed in the Works: Note letter from Ken Gibbs on page 218 that apprentices were normally paid off at end of apprenticeship.
'Battle of Britain' 4-6-2 at Eastleigh. L. Elsey.
Date of photograph of 34052 was 6 August 1961. Table of LNER sleeping cars/restaurant cars converted into cafeteria cars at Eastleigh Carriage Works.

Colour files - the Holbeck breakdown crane 1973. John Bateman. 164.
40 ton steam crane DE 351159; riding van, tool van and packing van converted from Gresley and Thompson vehicles. Further information from R.B. Shaw (page 218) which notes that photographs were taken at Neville Hill.

Book reviews. 166.
The Canterbury & Whitstable Railway. Brian Hart. Wild Swan. HPW. *****
"deals with the story of the line in loving detail", although regrets the absence of any mention of geology which dictated the precipitous character of the line.
Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway guidebook. Don Martin and A.A. MacLean. Strathkelvin District Council Libraries. TJE **** (content) * (presentation)
"well researched", but Bishopbriggs appears to be far removed from printing technology.
Lesser railways of the Yorkshire Dales. Harold D. Bowtell. Plateway. DJ ****
"exceedingly well-produced book" covering the railways constructed to serve dam-building projects. many of which were narrow gauge.
The tramways of Grimsby, Immingham and Cleethorpes. J.H. Price. LRTA. PT ****
"considerable amount of information has been packed into these pages". Perhaps unfairly reviewer requests an index.
Irish railways in pictures—No. 2 the Midland Great Western line. Irish Railway Record Society. TJE ****
"Exceedingly good value"

The Cheddar valley with Ivatt 2-6-2T No 41242 on local from Yatton to Witham. near Lodge Hill in 1963. Colin Tribbeck. rear cover.

Number 4 (July/August 1992)

'Castle' class 4-6-0 No 5034 Corfe Castle at Lapworth station. Michael Mensing. front cover.

Thirty years ago at Harringay. Patrick [Philip] Ransome-Wallis. 172-3.
Col. illus.: B1 61114 on down Grimsby express in 1960; A3 60039 on down fitted freight in 1960?; V2 (with outside steam pipes) on southbound freight in 1960; A4 Pacifics on Tees-Tyne Pullman in 1960 and 1962 (60001 on up and 60008 on down).  Very extensive notes by J.F. Aylard p. 330.

Banbury - all changes. Bill Simpson. 174-9.
History of Banbury station with accent on reconstruction, first considered in 1930s, but performed under British Railways and reopened in November 1958. Many illustrations of work in progress and completed buildings. Does not ignore the then (1992) current pattern of usage. See letter from Stephen G. Abbott (page 330) noting that the new station had a platform for the already withdrawn service to Chipping Norton. Col. illus (Michael Mensing): 5917 on train for Bournemouth; 6124 on two-coach Oxford local.

Marshalling yards. R.J. Essery. 180-4.
Flat; gravitation and hump, including mechanized hum as at Toton and Whitemoor (both illustrated when new).

The Main line that never was: the sorry tale of the Malton and Driffield Railway. Warwick R. Burton. 185-92.
Intended to be a mainline railway to Hull but ended up as a backwater: received Act on 26 June 1846 and was supported by Hudson. It was opened on 19 May 1853 following a critical inspection by Capt. Douglas Galton for the Board of Trade. The construction of the line is covered at some length including the behaviour of the navvies, mostly local, and difficulties experienced in the construction of Burdale Tunnel with landslides in the chalk approaches. The chalk was exploited in nearby quarries to provide traffic for the line. Traffic for 1912 is analyses, especially that at Wharram. There are pictures of the staff at Wharram and Wetwang. The arrival of HM King George VI and Queen Elizabeth at Sledmere Statiion on 6 July 1948 is illustrated. The closure of the line and its then (1992) current state are described.

Camden motive power. Dick Riley (phot.) and David Jenkinson (captions). 193-5.
Col. illus.: 47529 on 16 Feb 1958; Caprotti 5 44741 on 29 Sept 1958; 45660 on tuntable on 31 March 1962; 46148 in August 1955; 46200 (red) and 46220 (green) on 3 June 1962. Captions refer to "Oswestry": this should be Shrewsbury (see letter page 278).

Standard steam in Central Wales. Malcolm Thompson (phot.). 196-7.
Col.illus. (all passenger trains): 75029 at Llanuwchllyn on 6 Sept 1963; 82031 (green) at Machynllech on 24 May 1962; 73096 (green) at Builth Road on 24 May; 73036 (green) at Builth Road on 26 May, and 73025 at Craven Arms on 23 May (all 1962).

Southern steam at Allbrook Junction [Eastleigh]. Les Elsey. 198-200.
Col. illus.: 73155 and 34050 on football specials on 27 April 1963; 34089 on Royal Train consisting of Pullman cars on 5 August 1961; 92212 on trian of oil tank wagons from Fawley on 17 July 1962; 34028 on express on 6 April 1962.

Locomotive manufacturing - Part 2. Michael Rutherford. 201-6.
Skeletal history from Stephenson Planet-type with their crank axle failures, the improvements wrought through Naismyth's steam hammer; Stephensons' Patentee; greater control over external manufacture achieved by Daniel Gooch; William Buddicom and his Crewe-type; Edward Bury and the Clarence Foundry (and the lack of knowledge about James Kennedy); Stephensons' long boiler type; Fiarbairn; John Gray and his patent No. 7745 which anticipated "modern valve settings"; E.B. Wilson and Jenny Lind without much Joy. Illus. page 204 lower Neilson locomotive being exported to Ouest Railway in France at Folkestone, but see letter by O.R. Wilson on page 106 of \Volume 7 which states that location was Newhaven..

Railway interest in buses 1903-1939. Jeffrey Wells. 207-16.
Both the Lynton & Barnstaple and Great Western Railway started bus routes in 1903: the latter from Helston to The Lizard. Soon the GWR added routes from Newlyn to Marazion and fro Penzance to St Just. By 1914 there was an extensive network of GWR services, and further growth took place after WWI. Other railway bus operators, such as the NER and GNoSR, between 1900 and 1920 are listed. Bus competition grew and the LMS acquired Crosville and set up Hebble Motor Services (jointly with the LNER) in the late 1920s, but the railway companies acted jointly to acquire substantial financial interests in the major bus groupings: British Automobile Traction; Thomas Tilling and the Scottish Motor Traction groups. These took over the extensive GWR direct services, and other services operated directly by the railway companies. The Joint Omnibus Committees involving the LMS and local authorities (Todmorden and Huddersfield), and with the LNER (Sheffield and Halifax) are also examined. The demise of such involvements came in 1968. The unsuccessful operation of buses by the Mersey Railway (successfully challenged by Birkenhead Corporation) is also considered. Bibliography and maps. See letter (Vol. 7 page 107) from J.M. Cummings (author of books on subject, e.g. Ottley 10953) noting errors, mainly in numbers.

Rolling stock focus - Pre-grouping inspection saloons. Tim Shuttleworth. 217.
At Wolverton two former LNWR saloons awaiting scrapping: 45022 former Bangor District Engineer's and M45033M former North Lancashire Engineer's and former WCJS family saloon. At Wednesfield M45039M - Wolverhampton District Engineer's ex L&YR Officers' Saloon.

Readers' Forum. 218.
'Coronation' v 'Coronation Scot'. Don Rowland.
See feature on page 76: paucity of traffic north of Newcastle: a 4pm departure for Coronation Scot would have interfered with freight traffic.
'Coronation' v 'Coronation Scot'. A.J. Mullay.
Reeponse to letter by George Davidson (page 162) to feature by writer on page 76. Sticks to his guns concerning "commercial failure" of Coronation and suggested that Newcastle might have been a more suitable terminating point. [Nobody appears to have mentioned Whitelaw who must have been keen for a Scottish destination and highly appropriate in relation to the Empire Exhibition, and the Commonwealth theme for the locomotives KPJ]
Manchester Central. J.H. Price.
See feature on page 60: Harwich trains ran via Chorlton until terminated at Manchester Piccadilly: there was no crossover at approach to London Road suitable for passsenger traffic at that time.
Woodlesford. Alan L. Bailey.
Corriegenda and addenda: Channel Tunnel Freight Terminal: feature page 152.
Holbeck crane/Woodlesford. R.B. Shaw.
Crane was at Neville Hill depot when photographed on an open day see page 164. Freightliner Terminal: feature page 152..
Manning Wardle (Vol. 6 No. 3). Mark Smithers.
See feature on page 130: "O class 1577/1902" was M class 2006/1922 at British Sugar Corporation, Wissington in 1962. 448/1873 was not for Chatham Dockyard, but for School of Military Engineering, Chatham.
Manning Wardle (Vol. 6 No. 3). Jim Featherstone.
See feature on page 130: M class 2006/1921 was built for Bombay Harbour Trust but became Wissington Light Railway No. 17. Acton Hall should be Ackton Hall Colliery.
The Tavy Viaduct. Keith Horne.
Comments upon design (see page 118) and hypothesises upon certain ad hoc elements apparent in it.
Checks and cheques. Michael J. Smith.
Checking off early at Paddington station whilst employed as temporary staff member in early 1950s: see feature on page 147.
GWR apprenticeship. Ken Gibbs.
See letter by David Holmes on page 163: Points out that normal for apprentices not to be kept on after end of training.
Excursion trains. Elizabeth and Arthur Jordan.
See letter (page 50) from S.J. Dixey: Society of Friends organized excursion from Liverpool to Manchester on 16 September 1830, and ran reduced fare excursions to Sankey Viaduct in October 1830. The Canterbury & Whitstable ran an excursion on 19 March 1832, and the Bodmin & Wadebridge, Leeds & Selby, Newcastle & Carlisle all ran excursions prior to the MCR in 1840. See writers' Away for the day (Silver Link 1991)

Colour files - big four push-pull. 220-1.
H class 31177 pushing away from Goudhurst (P. Ransome-Wallis); C15 67474 [at Arrochar & Tarbert]: see letter page 275 concerning locomotive, train and the then current state of station; 41277 passing Stretton and Clay Mills on Burton to Tutbury train (Michael Mensing); 6434 near Baptist End Halt on Old Hill to Dudley single coach train (remainder two carriage) (Michael Mensing).

Book reviews. 222.
The great British railway: a living history. Tony Hall-Patch. David & Charles. DJE. *****
There have been many general books on the history of British railways and one might be forgiven for thinking that there was no room for more. But this fine volume would give the lie to such a statement. It is a magnificently produced work written by a genuine expert and gives further proof, were such needed, that D&C (under new ownership) is maintaining the traditions of its founders.
The book has been produced in conjunction with the National Tourist Boards of England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales and is essentially a 'starter' survey of our whole railway story, the vital stages of which are then linked to the many surviving artefacts which can still be seen in our various museums, galleries and private preservation sites. Production values are superb, using heavyweight satin finish paper and much fine colour interspersed with excellent black and white illustrations. No doubt the nature of the sponsorship may have had something to do with that; but it does mean that in purely value-for-money terms, the book is to be commended. But what makes it significantly different is that it is rather more than a mere tourist guide for those who would like to know where to find things; the name and reputation of its author ensures that.
Mr Hall-Patch was the Curator of Rail Transport at the Science Museum, sat on the adisory committee for the NRM, was largely instrumental in the manufacture and display of the reproduction broad gauge locomotive Iron Duke and played a pivotal role in the recovery to this country of the largest rigid-frame steam locomotive of British manufacture to be displayed in this country – the Chinese Government Railways 4-8-4 at the NRM. Unlike many authors of 'portmanteau' books, he uses his knowledge to give the contents real historical 'clout' and this is what distinguishes the book from the many outwardly similar compilations. For example, on page 24, there is one of the finest and simplest expositions of the celebrated Hackworth 'return flue' boiler which I have ever read – and this is not the only example I could quote; you don't usually find that sort of thing in the typical 'coffee table' book!
The book therefore succeeds on two counts. It will certainly give a valuable historical dimension to those who are encountering the subject for the first time; but it will also act as a valuable encapsulation of the whole story for those who come to the topic with a greater degree of prior know- ledge who might otherwise dismiss it as 'just another of the same'. It is not, and therein lies its strength. Highly recommended.

The Pilmoor Boroughbridge and Knaresborough Railway. Patrick Howat. Martin Bairstow. DJ ****
This attractive volume is the first we have received for review from one of the smaller specialist railway publishers in the North of England whose products are fast gaining a deservedly high reputation.
Unsurprisingly, they mostly concentrate on railways in the local area (mainly east of the Pennines and north of the Trent) and the title in question is no exception. But it is a model of how a monograph should be compiled and those authors considering similar treatment of the smaller (and often forgotten or overlooked) sections of our railway network could do far worse than analyse Mr Howat's approach, regardless of their region of study. Starting with an excellent map, the author first outlines the history of the line, follows it by a fine station by station survey (complete with further explanatory maps and the all- important track layouts) and rounds it all off with an excellent series of essays on such matters as Goods Delivery, Trains and Locomotives, Train Control and Signalling. He finishes with valuable sections on the effect of the Second World War and the final closure, together with useful appendices.
The work is well researched and, speaking as one who knows the area well, I was unable to find any obvious errors. Some of the pictures lack a little in quality but this is more than offset by their rarity and the author's clear unwillingness to use the sort of hackneyed views with only marginal relevance to the theme which far too many writers seem to think is all that is necessary. The only real deficiency is some form of detailed contents list or index.
Whether or not you buy it may well depend on your depth of interest in the area, but viewed purely objectively, both author and publisher are to be highly commended for their enterprise. We look forward to seeing more from this source.

The locomotives of Sir Nigel Gresley. O.S. Nock.  Patrick Stephens. JTVR ****
The first edition of this book, which your reviewer bought new in 1945, was published in conformity with the war economy standard, but somebody must have taken an unusually gener- ous view of it, because it was well-printed on good art paper and fully illustrated. It was O. S. Nock's first book, and an admirable opening to his long innings: well written (of course), a lucid and comprehensive narrative not overburdened with minor details or gratuitous expressions of opinion, in which technical description is leavened by accounts of performance. This new edition is of a slightly larger format, enabling most of the original illustrations to be printed slightly larger. Some of these came from Sir Nigel himself, when Nock was preparing the articles for the Railway Magazine on which the book was based. Others came from well- known photographers of the period: Reynolds, Wethersett, Tidey, Nunn and Weight are acknowledged. The new edition has many more illustrating the original ten chapters and Nock has added three new fully illustrated chapters on the history of the locomotives after Sir Nigel's death. It is significant, however, that the 42 illustrations to these three chapters are almost all of Pacifies, the exceptions being five of V2s and one of The Great Marquess.
The extra chapters inevitably deal with controversial matters. The author, in spite of every effort to be generous, cannot disguise his dismay at the sordid activities of Mr. Thompson, in spite of which the narrative remains entertaining. When it comes to the last years of the A3s, the real transformation wrought by the fitting of double Kylchap exhausts is barely given a mention, though this was in line with Gresley's own plans for the development of the LNER express locomotive. Instead, much is made of the optical lining up and closer tolerances in bearings of all sorts, derived from Swindon's practice. Your reviewer takes leave to doubt the importance of the optical lining up, in a machine with flexible frames and sprung axles, though its original application to the far more rigid bar-framed German locomotives was effective and - most importantly - time saving. The disappearance of the Gresley 'ring' was mainly due to the progressive wartime replacement of highly resonant high-duty alloy steel by milder steel with greater internal damping, and greater weight as well. Around the end of the war, you could ring the rods of two Pacifies and get entirely different sounds.
There are many basically later books dealing with Gresley and his achievements, and they are still being written. He was the most courageous, imaginative and original of British locomotive engineers since Robert Stephenson, but then he had thirty years of the top responsibility on a great main line railway, plus the added spur of a perpetual need to economise. This handsome reissue of O.S. Nock's book is not a piece of hagiography, but a substantial account, a serious piece of history, which does not only concern itself with highlights but shows the careful treatment of pre-Gresley designs, the tact and good housekeeping which used to be so much a part of the work of an engineer with high responsibility. The story is now well known and has been often told, but never better than it has been told here.

Edinburgh Waverley Station (panoramic view from west end with B1 61244 departing on non-corridor train, c 1958). rear cover.

Part 5 (September/October 1992)

'King Arthur' class (N15) No 30806 Sir Galleron leaving Ramsgate for Victoria. P. Ransome-Wallis. front cover.
See correspondence from C.J. Meredith on scene (train was winter version of Kentish Belle and photographer on page 330. Further correspondence which stresses that train is being shunted into carriage sidings (R.L. Ratcliffe on page 50 of Volume 7).

Plus ça change...227
Editorial by David Jenkinson refers to undisciplined chaos which resulted from separation of infrastructure from operations. From this it could be argued that Tory Party with its great sense of history was prepared for some passenger deaths as a result of its policies (see Paddington, Hatfield, Potters Bar and where next) and why no thinking person should ever vote Tory again. Correspondent, D.K. Horne (page 330) reinforces this view.

Eight-coupled freight [locomotives]. 228-9.
Col. illus.: 28xx 2818 on freight at Acocks Green on 16 June 1959 (Michael Mensing*); O4/3 63649 in 1950s (F.W. Shuttleworth); 8F 48275 at Patricroft in 1960s (Jim Carter); WD 90311 at Tibshelf (GC line) on 29 Sept 1959 (*)

The mechanics of steam. Charles Meacher. 230-5.
Mutual Improvement Classes, mainly at St Margarets depot: personal expeiences; care of bioler, examination for leaks - fusible plugs, firebox stays, and of a different type air enetering smokebox door; valve gear; vaccum brake, visits to North British Locomotive Co.

The Lynton and Barnstaple railway. Martin Smith. 236-43.
Narrow gauge (1ft 11½in): Act 27 June 1895: opened 11 May 1898: contractor James Nuttall. Many maps (including several large scale). Illustrations include locomotive depot at Barnstaple; stations at Bratton Fleming, Blackmoor Gate and Lynton and Chelfham viaduct. All locomotives are illustrated include Manning Wardle 2-6-2T, including 188 Lew purchased by SR, and Baldwin 2-4-2T No. 762 Lyn. Coaches were from Bristol Carriage & Wagon Co. Notes on acquisition by SR and eventual closure. Includes a number of proposed lines including the Barry Railway's proposed Minehead to Lynton Railway. No mention is made of Sir George Newnes (see Nock Branch lines.)

Locomotives 'off the peg'. Philip Atkins. 246-8.
In 1837 Robert Stephenson supplied 2-2-2s intended for New Orleans Railway to broader gauge GWR; in 1865 Beyer Peacock supplied 2-4-os intended for Royal Sardinian Railway to MSLR; in 1886 Sharp Stewart had order for Norwegian & Swedish Railway for outside cylinder 0-8-0s, on failure of this railway the some of the locomotives were supplied to the Barry Railway and others went to the Palatine and Baden State Railways in Germany, and through WW1 reparation some went to the Eastern Railway in France; in 1894 Dübs had hoped to supply the Uruguan Eastern Railway with 4-4-0Ts, but they ended up on the HR; in 1897 Sharp Stewart had intended to supply 0-6-0s to the Ottoman Railway in Turkey, but they went to the LTSR; in 1896 a Beyer Peacock 2-6-0 intended for the New South Wales Government Railway went to the M&SWJR. British "company" designs were also supplied overseas: CR Connor 2-2-2 supplied by Neilson to Egyptian State Railways which was also the destination for GER 2-4-0s supplied by Kitson: Bromley/Adams 2-6-0 supplied by Neilson to Belgian State Railways: Webb 2-2-2-2 supplied by Sharp Stewart to Austrian State Railway and to Western Railway in France: CR Dunalastair II supplied by Neilson to Belgian State Railways: HR Drummond Castle type supplied to French State Railways.

Classic EMUs. 249-51.
Colour feature: MSJ&A 1500v DC stock: at Knott Mill on (BR green livery and BR blue livery) on 29 August 1969 (Alan Tyson); 2-BIL in 8-car set on Waterloo-Alton service at Clapham Junction on 10 Sept 1961 (Dick Riley*); 4-COR (12 car set) on up fast at Esher in July 1966 (Geoff Rixon); 4-SUB at Bickley on 5 August 1957 (*); 4DD No. 4001 approaching Cannon Street on 12 June 1959 (*). See letters on page 330 from R.C. Riley and from K.R. Whitehead which correct and amplify the captions.

The Chesterfield area. Cliff Woodhead (phot.). 252-3.
Col. illus.: 8F 48026 on coal train on 7 August 1961 (crooked spire visible in background); 45659 on Sheffield - St Pancras express in August 1961 (A. Drake): 44849 at Tapton Junction on southbound extra express on 9 June 1962; 60882 on Chesterfield Loop in early 1960s. See letter from Margaret Girdwood on page 106 (Volume 7) concerning Tapton House where George Stephenson lived.

Industrial steam from Hudswell Clarke. John C.H. Leeson (phot.). 254-6.
Colour photo-feature: 0-4-0ST 1730 of 1945 as C.E.G.B. at Mexborough Power Station in navy-blue livery (former Yorkshire Electric Power Company); 0-6-0ST 1631 of 1929 at Byfield Ironstone Co., Crosby mines, north of Scunthorpe (green livery); 0-6-0T 1822 of 1949 (incorrectly given a saddle tank in captiion) NCB S100 at Peckfield Colliery; 0-6-0T 1600 of 1927  S.112  Elizabeth at Water Haigh Colliery (both latter in red); 0-6-0T 1742 of 1941 at Cadeby Colliery as No. 20 (light green); 0-6-0T 1858 built in 1953 at North Gawber Colliery, near Barnsley in faded green.

Shrewsbury - a unique signalling installation. Stanford Jacobs. 257-63.
Notes on a visit made in 1959 when the Middle box (a purely GWR signalbox, but with LNWR overtones was still in operation and to the adjacent Crewe Junction and Severn Bridge Junction boxes which were outwardly LNWR, but inwardly mainly GWR. The installations included several diamond crossings and the extensive use of train describers. Special bell codes were in use. Map. Author's Corriegendum and information from two writers who had actual experience of working in Shresbury: Leslie Phillips and B.C. Price in Volume 7 page 50.

The LNWR's Bootle branch. John C. Hughes. 264-9.
5 miles long branch line off Liverpool to Manchester mainline near Edge Hill around high ground to north of Liverpool to Alexandra Dock and Canada Dock in Bootle. George Thomson & Co. was the contractor. and the line opened on 1 June 1866. Juntion was made with L&YR at Bootle: this enabled a through servie to be run from Lime Street/London Euston to Southport and to Aintree for race meetings. Tunnel portal at Olive Mount and Anfield Cemetery Bridge are illustrated. Link to Liverpool Corporation's Lister Drive Power Station, with its electric, later steam, shunting locomotives and 20 ton steel hopper wagons. Serious damage in WW2 by flooding (Leeds & Liverpool Canal and fire: heroism by Goods Guards Peter Kilshaw and George Roberts and others see George C. Nash The LMS at War for a clearer account. Retrenchment and current state are also mentioned. See letter in Volume 7 on page 51 by K. Longbottom on locomotive workings, Royal Train workings and in particular of the one working from Rock Ferry on 18 July 1934.

T.E.Harrison. B.E. Lowden. 270-1.
Thomas Elliott Harrison, civil engineer. For fuller account see

Rolling stock focus - particularly Pullman. Dick Riley. 273.
Col. illus. at Eardley Road sidings in 1963: Diamond built Birmingham Railway Carriage & Wagon in 1926 CIWL and used on Milan Nice service until 1928 as Ocatavia then returned to UK and renamed. Following WW2 used as a bar car with several names on Golden Arrow until Diamond again in 1955. Buffet car (green) S7879S began life as K class, third class Pullman No 59 and worked in Scotland, then as Hadrian Bar, finally being demoted to its terminal state as S Reg vehicle in 1961.

Readers' Forum. 274-5/8.
LNER Atlantics. A. Mearns.
Performance of C11 (caption p. 141) implied by " belied their usefulness" understates commentary in Thomas's North British Atlantics, and appropriate RCTS Part where Thomas appears to record that Raven had to be called in to evaluate the problematic class.
Ashover Light Railway. L. Little.
Closure was not due to cancellation of ballast order: Clay Cross Co withdrew from ballast supply due to quarry being worn out. See page 127.
Ashover Light Railway. T. Foden.
Part of route now submerged under Ogston Reservoir. See page 127.
Plymouth Devonport & South Western Junction Railway. Howard Baker.
See page 118. Compares construction cost by Relf & Pethick for PDSWJR with that of the South Wales Direct (Wootton Bassett to Patchway contract) completed by S. Pearson & Sons. This latter was £38,805 under the contract, but the actual cost was higher. Writer considers work on the Devenport line to have been completed quickly.
Plymouth Devonport & South Western Junction Railway. Stephen G. Abbott.
See page 118. Residual line remains due to circuitous road journeys.
Plymouth Devonport & South Western Junction Railway. P. Tatlow.
See page 118. Shillamill and Bannawell Street viaducts were constructed from mass concrete, not from granite. The longitudinal decking on Tavy Viaduct was not unusual - it saves the weight of ballast.
Plymouth Devonport & South Western Junction Railway. Tim Edmunds.
See page 118. Notes on demolition of line between Tavistock and Lydford. Wharncliffe viaduct: view is from north not south.
A question answered. John A. Smith.
C15 at Arrochar & Tarbert: more information, but with typo in letter. See page 220.
More on Manchester Central. M.B. Brackett.
Limitations at Oxford Road on DMUs diverted from Central: restricted to certain platforms, and signalling required drivers to pass signals at red. See page 60.
Comments Vol. 6 No. 3. P.J. Coster.
Plymouth Devonport & SWJR.
See page 118. Tavy viaduct: longitudinal timbers: difficulty of gauge maintenance. See also letter on page 330 from D.K. Horne showing similar arranegements on Forth Bridge.
LNER Atlantics.
C11 9875 Midlothian intended for preservation, but WW2 intervened: tender survived at Langley troughs until 1963. See page 141.
LMS posters
Notes abour Jack Merriott posters (see page 136).
Front cover
60854 (front cover): (Number. 3) had been fitted with copper capped chimney. See long informative letter from Geoff Hughes on page 330.
Backtrack Vol. No. 4. R.C. Riley.
pp 194 & 197: 45660/73036 were not shedded at Oswestry, but at Shrewsbury (page 193). Also note on FA cup football specials: twelve Bulleid Pacific involved, including one unrebuild via SDJR route; another special worked from Eastleigh via Salisbury and Bristol; 73155 worked as far as Basingstole where Hall took over. Illus: Battle of Britain' No 34088 '213 Squadron' on one of these football specials at Aynho. Notes tern push & pull used on GW, LNER and LMS and pull & push on SR.

Colour files. 276.
Willersley tunnel portal, near Cromford on 18 Feb. 1967 (Alan Tyson); Chapel-en-le-Frith (Central) with LMS Hawkseye nameboard on 11 Febrauary 1967 (as prev.); Fowler class 4P 2-6-4Ts 2328 at St Albans in 1938 (Sydney Perrier); 42417 leaving Birmingham New Street on 4 March 1961 (Dick Riley). See letter from D.P. Rowland (page 330) concerning push/pull/push/motor terminology on LMS.

Dorchester West with former GWR class 43xx No 5323 on down freight with ex broad gauge goods shed in background. Dick Riley. rear cover

Number 6 (November/December)

BR Standard class 9F 92078 at Willesden mpd in March 1963. Geoff Rixon (phot.). front cover.
Caption requested more information on Toton workings to Willesden: see letter in Volume 7 page 107 from Ian R. Canavan on extent of Toton to Willesden workings.

Focus on the T9. R.C. Riley (phot.). 284-5.
30717 on turntable at Okehampton shed on 14 July 1959; 30289 at Brockenhurst on 28 June 1957; 30711 at Wadebridge on train for Waterloo on 18 May 1959. See Letter from R.C. Wright in Volume 7 p. 51  and reply from photographer, Michael Mensing also in Volume 7 on page 160; 30313 at Exmouth Junction shed on 5 July 1961. See letters from Roger Whitehouse and Jonathan Edwards in Volume 22 page 188 who note cavortings by 30711 on page 6 of this Volume..

The rise and fall of railways in Colne. Jeffrey Wells. 286-96.
History of railways in Colne and effect on town which had adopted the cotton industry following the arrival of the Leeds & Liverpool Canal. Includes the East Lancashire Railway, merged with the L&YR in 1859 and the Midland Railway's Leeds and Bradford Extension Railway. The two railways formed an end-on juction in Colne. The Blackburn to Colne section was surveyed by Thomas Gooch and Charles Cawley under the supervision of Joseph Locke and John Errington. The contractor was William and Richard Hattersley. G. Boulton was the contractor for the Skipton to Colne section. Liverpool to Leeds were operated over this route. The town was on the route of several proposed railways: an atmospheric railway to Streeton; a direct line to Bradford, and in the path of the North West Central Railway from Preston to Bradford. Includes notes on the locomotives of the ELR; traffic; joint workings between the two main companies; retrenchment and closure between Colne and Skipton. B&w illus. include Kerr-Stuart railcar No. 2; ELR 2-4-0 33 Mazeppa in 1870; electric tram at Colne station; MR warehouse; engine shed in 1936; 42734 in front of carriage shed on parcels train; 48730 inside carriage shed; 52179 and 70015 on turntable; 42492 on Liverpool train; 90762, 43893 and 45156 (last on 5 July 1968). See letter from writer listing corriegenda (mainly to picture collections) Vol. 7 page 50..

100 years of a Cotswold railway line - part 1. Paul Strong. 297-304.
The Swindon, Marlborough & Andover was opened between the first named on 27 July 1881 and through to Marlborough on 1 May 1882. Eventually connections to GWR were made at Swindon and at Marlborough, but hostility was experienced from the larger company. Northward extension to Cirencester was opened in 1883. Line became Midland & South Western Junctiion Railway in 1884 and reached the outskirts of Cheltenham in 1891. The final opening should have taken place on 11 March 1891 but the line was blocked by snow. The fianl section was inspected by Major Marindin. The contractor, Charles Braddock of Wigan, had to cope with the partial collapse of Chedworth Tunnel. The line fell into receivership but was rescued by the energetic activity of Sam Fay offered to the company by the LSWR. Fay was responsible for the separate avoiding lines between Marlborough and Savernake and forcing the GWR to double the section between Landsdown Junction and Andoversford, and for the station at Chedworth. Illus (b&w) include GWR railcar No. 3 on Cheltenham to Malborough service which ran in 1936 summer only at Chedworth; Bulldog 3421 near Foss Cross on passenger train; U 31791 on last train and 31618 at Chedworth. Also standard classes on freight at Ludgersall Part 2: 7-6.

Exit the diesel hydraulics. Geoff Gillham (phot). 305.
Colour feature: D814 (blue) coasting down Rattery bank with freight on 7 November 1972; class 35 7070 (blue) passing Aller Junction with train for Penzance on 2 September 1972.

West Midlands freight. Michael Mensing (phot.). 306-7.
Colour feature: 9474 North of Solihull on permanent way train on 18 October 1959; 90369 at Kidsgrove Central on 26 Sept. 1960; 3855 on loaded cattle train at Birmingham Snow Hill 0n 16 December 1961; Hall on fast freight on 6 July 1961; 6855 (green) passing Moor Street on 2 Dec. 1961.

'Standards' on shed. Geoff Rixon (phot.). 308-9.
Colour feature: 70049 Solway Firth on Neasden shed in April 1965 (1961 or 1962 see J.R. Morton Volume 7 page 50; 73113 on Eastleigh shed on 28 March 1965; 41240 and 82041 (green) at Bath Green Park see J.R. Morton Volume 7 page 50 stated to be Aberystwyth in June 1962 and 92243 at Old Oak Common in May 1962.

'Peaks' in the Peak District. Cliff Woodhead (phot.). 310-12
Colour feature: D16 at Dore & Totley South Junction on St Pancras - Bradford express on 22 May 1961; D102 at Ambergate on St Pancras - Manchester express on 27 May 1961; D77 at Tapton Junction on Newcastle - Cardiff express on 7 August 1961; D122 at Sheffield Midland on Bradford - St Pancras express on 15 April 1962; D157 at Matlock on Manchester - St Pancras train on 16 June 1962. Additional information about headcode panels see letter from John Smart 7-50..

The lines were immaterial - 125 years of change at London's Victoria station. Michael Blakemore (captions). 313-17.
B&w illus from NRM collections: exterior with advertisements for Crystal Palace, Paris, Brussells and Cologne, Queensborough, Flushing, Ramsgate, GWR services - all hugger mugger; inerior on Brighton side with D class 0-4-2T and Ramsbottom 0-6-0ST for Willesden; Brighton side from buffer stops; 1908 exterior with extended Grosvenor Hotel; high voltage electric services: station throat and multiple unit at platforms c1920; merged stations (from Chatham side, SR when still gas-lit - high pressure incadescent gas lighting until 1927; Souther Belle on its 21st birthday with Sir Herbert Walker next to N15 793 0n 1 Nov 1929; Golden Arrow leaving behind WC in 1949; 21C156 with L1 assisting on Night Ferry on 15 December 1947; Brighton side in 1985. Title from Oscar Wilde's play The Importance of being Earnest.

The origins of Robinson's 'Sam Fays' and 'Director' engines. Owen Russell. 318-23.
It is sometimes suggested that the Director class was produced to meet an emergency due to the failure of the Sam Fay class. Writer argues that this was not the case: the Sam Fays were intended for cross country from Grimsby to Manchester - both express freight and passenger as indicated by the black livery applied to locomotives sent to Immingham. One of the intended duties may have been the "pipe" train (presumably braked freight) from Manchester to Lincoln for GER. Robinson probably subscribed to the theory that fewer coupled wheels were betterb for fast work, hence the Atlantics and Director class. B&w illus: Sir Sam: 423, 424, 423 (oil burning), 5423 still oil-burning. Directors: 429, 434, 438, 509 leaving Guide Bridge on Marylebone train, 431. See letter from J.H. Quick (Volume 7 page 106) mainly concerning liveries of GCR 4-6-0s.

Ambulance trains on the Lancashire and Yorkshire railway. Alan Earnshaw. 324-8.
Operation of ambulance trains during World War I, rather than the contruction of them. The L&Y was the destination for many ambulance trains which had originated at Dover or Southampton. The major Receiving Stations (all are listed and many were joint) were Aintree, by far the most important, and Halifax. The L&YR provided unpaid volunteer staff, who had been trained in ambulance duties, to assist in transferring the wounded from the trains to local hospitals..There were alos Naval ambulance trains, provided by the LNWR, which conveyed Naval wounded in cots, not stretchers.

Rolling stock focus - train ferry vans. Dick Riley. 329.
Colour photo-feature: SR train ferry van S2 at Eardley sidings on 18 April 1960: four wheel van for Night Ferry service painted dark blue. BR train ferry van B889009 at Rotherhithe Road on 31 July 1959, newly painted in BR bauxite livery. See letter from A.M.L. Smith in Volume 7 page 106 concerning incorrect citation of Diagram No. 815.

Readers' Forum. 330-1.
Harringay (Vol. 6 No. 4). J.F. Aylard.
Very extensive notes on each of the six trains illustrated: including the sight of a clean Gateshead A4. See page 172.
Ramsgate. C.J. Meredith.
Train was winter version of Kentish Belle. See front cover of Number 5. Further correspondence concerning this specific working from R.L. Ratcliffe in Volume 7 page 50: notably train was being shunted into carriage sidings.
Classic EMUs. R.C. Riley.
Notes on 2BIL, 4COR and 4EPB not 4SUB: see feature page 249.
Classic EMUs. K.R. Whitehead.
Argues that Bulleid had little input into EMU design: see page 249.
Pull & push. D.P. Rowland.
LMS used term pull & push or motor train (caption on photo-feature page 276).
Bridge girders and railway politics. D.K. Horne.
Refers back to correspondent Coster and to rail fixing arrangements on Forth Bridge which are/were similar to those on Tavy Viaduct. Also makes observations on privatization of railways (editorial by David Jenkinson No. 5), especially separation of infrstructure, via Stamp regime on LMS to statement (long pre-Hatfield-disaster): "We are left with no railway" (which of course was original headless Thatcher aim)
Copper-capped V2. Geoffrey Hughes.
Refers back to correspondent Coster and to front cover of Number 3 of this volume. Kenneth Cook, CME E&NER, informed letter writer that Bert Spencer had approved of temporary modification, but Riddles had told him to "take it off".
Banbury. Stephen G. Abbott.
See feature page 174 Chipping Norton service, station had intended platform for, had been withdrawn before station opened.
Shrewsbury. Stanford Jacobs.
Correction to caption: see feature on page 257.

Book reviews. 331
The Swanage branch. Andrew P.M. Wright. Ian Allan. MB ****
'human story' approach, but with feel good factor.
Locomotive apprentice at the North British Locomotive Company. Nigel S.C. Macmillan. Plateway. JW ****
Within period mid-1940s to mid-1950s.

Colour files. 332-3
Fort William station with train with Coronation observation car as modified for observation and headed by D5369 (launch Barbara in foreground much more visible) on 2 July 1962 (Cliff Woodhead); Bridlington station (exterior with NE Region orange signage) on 22 August 1973 (J. Bateman); Royal Claud (LNER green)  4-4-0 No 8787 at Welwyn Garden City.on Cambridge Buffet Car express with goods warehouse and Shredded Wheat factory in background in 1937 (see letter from R.F. Aylard on page 50 of Volume 7 on Royal Clauds and on B2 Royal Sovereign) and another  'Claude Hamilton' 4-4-0 No 8835 (LNER lined black) possibly at Cambridge in 1939 (Philip Colebourn)..

Shunting at Stechford - a former L.N.W.R. 'Super D' 0-8-0 No 49431. Michael Mensing. rear cover.
6 September 1958: very mixed, and long, collection of trucks in train being propelled.

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