Locomotive Magazine
Key file

Volume 6 (1901)

No. 61 (January)

New goods locomotive, M.&G.N. Joint Railway. 1. illustration.
Nos. 81-92 standard GNR design of 0-6-0, built by Dubs and painted yellow.

G.C.R. single express engine. 1.
No. 972 complated. No. 971 painted green.

New G.W.R. engines. 1.
Avalon class Nos. 3363 One and All, 3364 Pendragon, 3365 Plymouth, 3366 Restormel, 3367 St Aubyn, 3368 Sir Stafford and 369 Trelawny.

L. & N. W. R. engines. 1.
Correction to numbers quoted in previous Issue for radial tanks which should have been 4055-4064. Ten eighteen inch goods WN 4065-40074 given running number: 399, 400, 416, 420, 421, 422, 428, 432, 439 and 441. Ten more four-cylinder express engines Nos. 1931 to 1940 completed, but not named. No. 1880 (eight coupled) fitted with Belpaire firebox.

The Anglo-Scottish train service. 1.
From 1 December 1900 trains from London leaving at 10.00, and their up equivalents, over East and West Coast routes accelerated to 8 hr 15 min.

Trial trip on the L. & N. W. R.  1.
On Sunday 2 December 1900, three-cylinder compound eight-coupled locomotive tested between Basford Wood and Whitmore hauling 120 vehicles.

New express locomotive, Pennsylvania Ry. 2. illus.
4-4-2 with increased heating surface of 2430 ft2 and cab moved off boiler. For earlier version see October Issue.

The locomotive history of the Isle of Wight Central Ry. 2-3. illus., diagr.
Previous part see Volume 5 page 174. Diagram (side elevation) of Black Hawthorn 0-4-2ST (WN 116/1870) purchased by Cowes & Newport Railway for shunting on Medina Wharf. Running No. 3 painted olive green, lined white. Two locomotives built for Newport & Ryde Railway described and one illustrated (as IWCR): Beyer Peacock 2-4-0Ts WN 1583-4/1876, formerly Cowes and Osborne and then IWCR Nos. 4 and 5 and painted dark red.

The B.G. locomotives of the Great Western Ry. 3-5.
Examines locomotives listed in Whishaw's The railways of Great Briatin and Ireland: five locomotives built by R. Stephenson; six by Charles Tayleur, six by Mather Dixon, three by Sharp Roberts, two by Haigh Foundry and two by T. & W. Hawthorn. Also examines Gooch's published (1892) Diaries. According to Gooch the first locomotive to be delivered was Vulcan manufactured at the Vulcan Foundry by Tayleur. The two Mather Dixon engines were shipped from Liverpool to Bristol and taken by canal to West Drayton. These were trialed on 18 January 1838. The locomotive which hauled the first train was R. Stephenson (WN 150/1837) North Star which had originally been ordered for a 6ft gauge American railway, and which had been conveyed across the Atlantic, but was returned due to financial failure.

The Waterford, Limerick & Western Ry. 5-7.
Locomotives taken over by Great Southern & Western Railway tabulated:

No. Name Maker WN Date Type illustrated
1 R. Stephenson 2379 1884 6-cpld. saddle tank.
2 Shannon Kitson 3808 1900 6-cpld. Belp. firebox.
3 Zetland W.L. & W.R. 1892 4-cpld. side tank.
4 Sharp, Stewart 1892 4-cpld. (in front).
5 Bee W.L. & W.R. 1893 6-cpld.
6 Ant W.L. & W.R. 1890 6-cpld.
7 Wasp W.L. & W.R. 1888 6-cpld.
8 Primrose Vulcan Foundry 1881 4-cpld
9 Garryowen Dübs 2194 1886 4-cpld. bogie (small) (4-4-0) p. 7.
10 Sir James Dübs 2477 1889 4-cpld. leading axle with inside & outside bearings
11 Fairbairn 1853 4-cpld. (old)
12 Earl of Bessborough Vulcan Foundry 1162 1886 4-cpld. leading axle with inside & outside bearings
13 Derry Castle Vulcan Foundry 1315 1891 4-cpld. double end tank
14 Lough Derg Vulcan Foundry 1316 1891 4-cpld. double end tank
15 Roxborough W.L. & W.R. 1894 4-cpld. bogie tank (small) (0-4-4T) p. 6
16 Rocklands Kitson 1896 4-cpld. 10-whld. tank
17 Faugh-a-Ballagh Kitson 1896 4-cpld. 10-whld. tank
18 Geraldine Kitson 1897 4-cpld. 10-whld. tank
19 Kincora Avonside E. Co. 1876 4-cpld. (in front).
20 Galtee More Dübs 2880 1892 4-cpld. leading axle with inside & outside bearings
21 Blarney Castle Kitson 3690 1897 4-cpld. 10-whld. tank
22 Era Dübs 2662 1890 4-cpld. leading axle with inside & outside bearings
23 Slieve-na-Mon Dübs 2881 1892 4-cpld.
24 Sarsfield Dübs 2195 1886 6-cpld.
25 Verbena... Vulcan Foundry 706 1874 4-cpld.
26 Avonside E. Co. 1125 1876 4-cpld. (in front).
27 Thomond W.L. & W. R. 1899 4-cpld. bogie tank
28 South of Ireland Kitson 1864 single.
29 Sharp, Stewart 1653 1865 4-whd. saddle tank
30 Lily Vulcan Foundry 707 1874 4-cpld.
31 Myrtle Vulcan Foundry 708 1874 4-cpld.
32 Dahlia Vulcan Foundry 709 1874 4-cpld.
33 Avonside E. Co. 1128 1876 4-cpld. (in front).
34 Avonside E. Co. 1878 6-cpld. side tank.
35 Vulcan Foundry 911 1881 4-cpld.
36 Violet Vulcan Foundry 913 1881 4-cpld.
37 Camelia Vulcan Foundry 912 1881 4-cpld.
38 Hyacinth Vulcan Foundry 990 1882 4-cpld. (2-4-0) p. 7
39 Shamrock Vulcan Foundry 991 1882 4-cpld.
40 Vulcan Vulcan Foundry 1010 1883 6-cpld.
41 Titan Vulcan Foundry 1011 1883 6-cpld.
42 Vulcan Foundry 284 1883 6-cpld. well tank wityh outside cylinders
43 Knockma Dübs 3025 1893 4-cpld. leading axle with inside & outside bearings
44 Nephin Dübs 3026 1893 4-cpld.
45 Colleen Bawn Dübs 3042 1893 6-cpld. (0-6-0) p. 7
46 Erin-go-bragh Dübs 3043 1893 6-cpld.
47 Carrick Castle Dübs 3109 1894 4-cpld. leading axle with inside & outside bearings
48 Granston Dübs 3110 1894 4-cpld.
49 Dreadnought Dübs 3222 1895 6-cpld.
50 Hercules Dübs 3223 1895 6-cpld.
51 Castle Hacket Kitson 3587 1895 4-cpld. bogie tank (0-4-4T) p. 6
52 Brian Born Kitson 3588 1895 4-cpld. bogie tank
53 Jubilee Kitson 3618 1896 4-cpld. bogie express.
54 Killemuee Kitson 3619 1896 4-cpld. bogie express.
55 Bernard Kitson 3694 1897 4-cpld. bogie express.
56 Thunderer Kitson 3691 1897 6-cpld.
57 Cyclops Kitson 3692 1897 6-cpld.
58 Goliath Kitson 3693 1897 6-cpld.

Livery was crimson lake with red and yellow lines for passenger engines, and ivory black with red and white lines.

L. B. & S. C. Ry locos. 7.
Six-coupled radial tank engine No. 503 was put to work in lead colour, but now painted in standard livery and named Buckland. Also added to same class: Nos. 506 Catherington, 507 Horley and 508 Bognor. Twenty freight engines built by Vulcan all delivered: running numbers 521-540 (WN 1699-1718). E class Nos. 95, 103, 111, 133 and 142 reboilered with boilers from R. Stephenson.

The brakes. 8.
Diagram (cross secction) of Duplex Air Pump supplied New York Air Brake Co.

Reviews. 8.

The return of the C.I.V's. 11 + Supplement
Return of the City Imperial Volunteers from Boer War in South Africa. Special train provided by LSWR and powered by 4-cylinder locomotive No. 720 (shown decorated for the working in Supplement) from Southampton to Basingstoke where GWR took over with a 4-4-0 decorated for the run to Paddington (train shown passing Acton p. 11)

New tank locomotives, Belgian State Railways. 12. diagr. (s. el.).
Constructed by Societe la Meuse, Liege for C. de F. d'Etat Belge. Exhibited in Vincennes Annexe at the Paris Exhibition. Type 15 4-4-2T with inside-cylinders and Wilson-Klotz safety valves. Dark red brown livery. Further information see 12 page 202..

Corris Railway locomotives. 12-13. illus.
Three outside-cylinder 0-4-2ST supplied by Brush Electrical Engineering: leading dimensions.

Compound locomotive for the Royal Bavarian Rys. 13. illus.
Maffei Mallet articulated 4-cylinder compound 2-4-4-2 with a grate area of 28.4 ft2, a total heating surface of 1818 ft2 and 225 psi boiler pressure.

Fitting up locomotive cylinders. 14-16. 3 diagrs.
Includes tramels and templets. Mernok (letter p. 38) claimed error on page 15.

[Italian Railways locomotive running on Western Railway of France]. 16.
Large six-coupled bogie express engine, No. 3701 of the Italian Railways running experimentally on Western Railway of France between Paris and Havre.

Thuile locomotive illustrated and described in October Issue destined for Egyptian State Railways. 16.

[New LSWR express locomotive No. 300]. 16
New LSWR express locomotive No. 300 completed Nine Elms Works. Similar to 706 class in having water tubes in firebox, but tender mounted on bbogies like No. 720.

Our colored supplement: North-Eastern Railway four-coupled express engine No. 2015. 16 + supplement (folded col.plate).
See also Special Christmas Number Locomotives at Work with colored plate of 4-6-0 No. 2010 hauling Royal train from York.

Old single express engine, C. de fer du Nord. 16. illus.
Clapeyron 2-2-2 No. 32 built Koechlin in 1846 with 5ft. 8in driving wheels.

The Lynton & Barnstaple Ry. 17. illus.
Baldwin 2-4-2T Lyn.

New L.& N.W.R. engines. 17.
Three-cylinder compound goods engine No. 2390 with a flue firebox

An old Crampton single, S.E. Ry. 17. illus.
Supplied by R. Stephenson in 1851. Dummy crank shaft type with inside cylinders. 6ft diameter driving wheels. No. 136 Folkestone exhibited at 1851 Exhibition.

New G.N.R. engines. 17.
Seven new 1321 Class 4-4-0 locomotives, Nos. 1374-7; 1382-4.

Covered goods wagon, Mid. Ry. 18. illus.
Midland Railway van with off-centre sliding door.

S.E. & C. Ry. 18.
Five new five compartment 3rd class six-wheel sets constructed Longhedge Works.

L.& N.W.R. 18.
Wolverton busy building 1st, 2nd and 3rd class bogie corridor cars, 50ft in length.

Aluminium. 18.
Use for lettering and lining passenger stock in place of gold: permenent, non-tarnishing and cheaper.

G.E. Ry. 18.
Two new trains of wide four-wheel suburban carriages; six six-wheeled third class saloons, and handsome well-fitted car for official use

L. & S.W. Ry. 18.
Order placed at Eastleigh for new dining cars for through express trains.

Indicator. 18. illus.
As used by Western Railway of France: guard operated to show if compartment was reserved.

Vestibuled cars, Belgian State Railways. 19. 2 diagrs. (s. els.), 2 plans.
C. de F. Etat Belge carriages as exhibited at Paris Exhibition. Constructed by Ateliers de la Dyle, Louvain. Illustrated luggage van and second class corridor coach. Electric lighting.

Locomotives of the Great Northern Railway. H.T.B. 20.
Refers back to earlier series of articles. Small Hawthorn singles altered by Sturrock in 1862: leading axle moved to be under smokebox, and weatherboard (like those fitted to MSLR locomotives) fitted. Nos. 51-60 modified in this way.  "4ft 1in saddle tanks" (0-6-0ST Nos. 604 and 605) had short chimneys for working docks traffic. Fig. 61 was incorrect: the 716-750 series of goods engines (0-6-0) had clack boxes on side of boiler, small splashers over the trailing coupling rod wheel, parallel buffer sockets and the brass beading round the driving wheel splasher was flush with the top, the trailing springs were underhung. Figs. 44 and 45: bogie tank engines (Nos. 517 and 246) should have had short chimneys to meet Metropolitan Railway loading gauge.

Number 62 (February 1901)

Bogie tank locomotive, S.E. & C. R. 21. illus., diagr. (s. el.).
Wainwright 0-4-4T with condensing gear: No. 710 illustrated.

Narrow gauge tank engine. 22. illus.
Decauville six-coupled for T de la Vendu system of French State Railways. Leading dimensions. Livery dark olive green.

The return of Lord Roberts. 22. illus.
Atbara class 4-4-0 No. 3387 Roberts as decorated for hauling special on 3 January 1901 from Basingstoke to Paddington. Arrived late from Southamton, but Basingstoke to Paddington run in 54 minutes (51.25 miles).

N.E.R. express engines. 22.
Ten additional 2011 Class, Nos. 2021-2030 constructed Gateshead Works. Ten further also under construction, as well as five similar to 2001 Class but with 6in larger diameter coupled wheels. No. 2002 fitted with new cylinders and piston valves.

The B.G. locomotives of the Great Western Ry. 23-6. 7 diagrs.
Fig. 1 North Star in original state. Cites Whishaw for dimensions of boiler barrel and firebox. It was delivered in 1837 and put to work in 1838. On 20 September 1838 it ran from Maidenhead to London at an average speed of 32.5 mile/h hauling 184 tons. It subsequesntly hauled 43 tons from Maidenhead to London and back at an average speed of 38 mile/h achieving a maximum of 45 mile/h. Fig. 2 shows the locomotive with a newer boiler and longer stroke cylinders. It worked until December 1870 and was at Swindon pending a move to the South Kensington Museum. Fig. 3 shows Morning Star which had been adapted from the 5ft 6in gauge intended for the New Orleans Railway. It was a 2-2-2 with 6ft 6in driving wheels. Charles Tayleur & Co. supplied 2-2-2 Vulcan (WN 51/1837), AEolus (WN 52/1838) and Bacchus (WN 53/1838). They had a total heating surface of 702.75ft2 and a grate area of 9.38ft2 Whishaw is again cited. Fig. 4 shows Vulcan as built aand Fig. 5 as first rebuilt and Fig. 6 shows Vulcan as rebuilt at a 2-2-2T. AEolus is mentioned by Nicholas Wood for hauling 32 tons at 50 mile/h. Fig. 7 shows AEolus as a 6ft driving wheel 2-2-2: leter it was rebuilt as a tank engine. Fig. 8 shows Bacchus which was latterly demoted to being a ballast engine.

New G.W.R. locos. 26.
2-4-2T No. 11 with 5ft 2in coupled wheels; 17 x 24in cylinders, 170 psi boiler pressure. It was fitted with a steam reveerser and a water scoop which could operate in eaither direction. Also additional locomotives for Avalon class: Nos. 3370 Tremayne, 3371 Tregeagle and 3372 Torquay.

G.N.R. engines. 26.
Last twenty 6ft 6in coupled locomotives numbered 1266-1385(??) stationed at London, Peterborough and Doncaster. No. 401 was a new 0-8-0 with 20 x 26in  inclined cylinders, balanced slide valves activated through rocking shafts by Stephenson link motion.

"Advance Australia". 26 + plate facing p. 30
Supplement: photograph of B15 4-6-0 of Queensland Government Railway with 3ft diameter coupled wheels and 15in diameter cylinders built by Walkerds Ltd at Maryborough.

The locomotive history of the Isle of Wight Central Ry. 26-7. 2 illus.
Includes former North London Railway 4-4-0T No. 106 was purchased by the Joint Committee of the Cowes & Newport and Newport & Ryde Railways. This locomotive had been supplied to the NLR by Slaughter Grunning & Co. (WN 443/1861) and had 15½ x 22in inside cylinders; 5ft 3in coupled wheels; a total heating surface of 969ft2 total heating surface, grate area of 14ft2 and 120 psi boiler pressure. The locomotive reatined its black livery until 1887 when it received IWCR red livery and the number 7 (Fig. 4). In 1890 an order was placed with Black, Hawthorn & Co. (WN 999/1890) for an outside cylinder (16 x 22in) 4-4-0T with 5ft 3in coupled wheels, 880ft2 total heating surface, grate area of 14.5 ft2. It received the number 6.

Belgian State Rys. 27.
Baldwin Mogul 2-6-0 type Nos. 2801 similar to those supplied to GNR; painted chocolate colour.

Single express locomotive, G.W.R. 28. illus.
4-2-2 No. 3027 Worcester: derived from broad gauge 2-2-2, formerly Thames; name changed to Worcester in 1892; rebuilt with Camel class boiler with Belpaire firebox in 1900.

New locomotives for Imperial Railways of Japan. 28-9. 2 illus.
Supplied by Dubs: 0-6-2T with 16 x 24in outside cylinders; 4ft 1in coupled wheels; 1007.7ft2 total heating surface and 14.4ft2 grate area. Also outside cylinder 4-4-0 with Drummond cross water tubes in firebox with 16 x 24in cylinders; 5ft coupled wheels; 951.75ft2 total heating surface and 142 grate area. The gauge was 3ft 6in. 

Atlantic type locomotives for France. 30. illus.
Baldwin outside cylinder 4-4-2 supplied by Baldwin. One was displayed at Paris Exhibition and was shown with its wheels moving driven by compressed air. 17¼ x 26in cylinders; balanced piston valves; 7ft 0¼in coupled wheels;35ft2 grate area and 2095.8ft2 total heating surface. Ten supplied to French State Railways and a further ten for PLM.

L.B.&S.C.R. six-coupled radial tank engines. 30.
New: Nos. 509 Southover and 510 Twineham.

Gas lamps on locomotives. 30. illus.
Prussian Sate Railways used compressed oil gas from tanks located at rear of tenders to illuminate front and rear lights, connected by rubber tubing.

Old locomotives for the Lancashire & Yorkshire Ry. 31. 2 illus.
Probably supplied originally to Manchester & Leeds Railway two Bury type locomotives illustrated: an 0-4-2 Victoria and an 0-4-0 with LYR chimney.

The Waterford & Central Ireland Railway. 32-3. 2 illus.
There were four 0-4-2 and six 2-4-0. The first was an E.B. Wilson product about which little was known as it had been broken up. Nos. 2 and 3 were supplied by Stothart &Slaughter of Bristol in 1852 with 5ft coupled wheels. No. 2 had 15 x 24in cylinders and is illustrated in Fig. 1 (photograph). No. 3 had 15 x 22in cylinders. Nos. 4 and 5 were supplied by Kitson: No. 5 was probably a 2-2-2, but very little was known about these locomotives. Nos. 6 and 7 were supplied by Fowler of Leeds and were of the 2-4-0 type with 5ft coupled wheels and 15 x 22in cylinders. Fig. 2 illustrated one of thse.

Locomotive wheels and axles. 33-5.  3 diagrs.

Four-coupled tank engine Tal-y-Llyn Ry. 35. illus.
No. 2 Tal-y-Llyn illustrated. Supplied by Fletcher Jennings in 1865. 2ft 2in coupled wheels. 8¼ x 18in cylinders, boiler operated at 120 psi. Traffic was chiefly slate.

[NBR 0-6-0 with large boiler running at 150 psi]. 35.

[Midi: derailment near Dax]. 35
Sud Express on 15 November 1900: locomotive No. 1756 involved

The Carriage and Wagon Department. 36

New sleeping cars Midland Ry. 36. illus., plan
Built by Pullman Co. with six-wheel bogies: fitted with steam heating and oil gas lighting.

Newspaper sorting van, G.W.R. 37. illu
Bogie vehicle fitted with oil gas lighting and vestibules (gangways)

Old L.&N.W.R. passenger stock. 37. 2 drawings
4-wheel luggage van with cover for luggage but guard operated brake outside and 4-wheel three-compartment firts for use on mail trains. See also 1900, 5 pp 51 and 185

New goods brake vans. 37.
LYR six-wheel vehicles with gangways to enable one guard to operate two sets of brakes. GER was introducing a new 15 ton brake van of modified design.

Correspondence. 38
Fitting of locomotive cylinders. Mernok.
See page 15

Reviews. 38
Railway handbook. E. Baker.
Catalogue of books: Ottley 48 supplement?
Locomotive engineering. Locomotive Publishing Co.
Appears not to be in Ottley nor in BLPC: only cost 10 pence yet included fully illustrated description of High Railway 4-6-0 Taymouth Castle and photographs of floods on North Eastern Railway (unfortunately copy being indexed lacks advertisements)

Number 63 (March 1901)

Six-coupled bogie goods engine, G.W.R. 39. illus.
4-6-0 No. 2601 with 19 x 26in cyclinders and sandbox in saddle above boiler

New Midland four-coupled express engines. 39..
2606 class Nos. 800-804

S.E.& C.R. engines. 39..
See page 211. Constructed by Sharp, Stewart. Also supplied 0-6-0 Nos. 711-25 (five also built at Ashford Nos. 218, 219, 225, 227, 229). Also Sharp, Stewart 4-4-0 No. 4698 RN 726.

New G.E.R. goods engines. 39..
Illustrated in October Issue. Nos. 1150-1169 placed in service. An order placed 1100 class Nos. beginning 1130

L.& N.W.R. engines. 39..
18-in. cylinder goods Crewe WN 4075-94 entered service.

The Waterford & Central Ireland Railway. 40-1. 3 illus..
2-4-0 Nos 8-9, supplied Vulcan Foundry 1867-8 WN 591-2; 5ft 3in coupled wheels, 15 x 22in cylinders, grate area 13.74 and total heating surface 1020. Nos. 9-10 were Avonside 0-4-2 with 5ft 3in coupled wheels, 16 x 24in cylinders, and Naylor safety valves. No. 12 was an Avonside 0-4-2T (WN 1169) with 4ft 6in coupled wheels, 12 x 22in cylinders. It was used for shunting at Waterford.

American engines for Ireland. 41. illus..
Baldwin 0-6-2ST for Cork, Bandon & South Coast Railway. 4ft 8in coupled wheels. Outside cylinders 18 x 24in cylinders.

Automatic couplers at the Paris Exhibition. 41-2. illus., diagr.
V Gould couplers fitted to Eastern Railway (France). Also mentioned Austrian State Railways and two Standard English coal wagons exhibited with couplers.

The B.G. locomotives of the Great Western Ry. 43-5.
Tayleur supplied Apollo (WN 62/1838); Neptune (WN 63/1838), and Venus (WN 62/1838). These were 2-2-2 with 8ft driving wheels, 12 x 14in cylinders and 510.05 ft2 total heating surface. They were unsteady and rebuilt with 6ft driving wheels (Fig. 9). The Tayleur locomotives were fitted with rhree different types of tender (Figs. 10-12). Mather Dixon of Liverpool supplied Premier (WN 40/1838) and Ariel (WN 41/1838) as shown in Fig. 13 these had 7ft driving wheels, 14 x 14in cylinders and 377.34ft2 total heating surface; and Planet (WN 51/1838) and Mercury (WN 52/1838): the former had 16 x 20in cylinders and the latter 14 x 18in.. Ajax (WN 50/1838) and Mars were 10ft singles and the wheels were constructed from boiler plates. Theese were complete failures. Cites paper by T.R. Crampton which states that cylinders were activated by rocking shafts. RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway. Part 2 states that this series was written by G.F. Bird.

The Borsig Locomotive Works, Berlin. 45-6.
Fig. 1 shows a Norris type locomotive. Fig. 2 shows a 2-2-2 with outside cylinders. Many of this type were built until 1868: typically they had 15 x 22in cylinders; driving wheels of between 5ft 6in and 6ft 6in; boilers pressed to 90-105 psi; and total heating surfaces between 760 and 970ft2 . Six wheel tenders were fitted. The 500th, 1000th and 1500th locomotives manufactured were of this design. Fig. 3 shows the next stage: a 2-4-0 (Maas). This locomotive was WN 2871/1872 and was supplied to the Cologne Minden Railway. Its approximate dimensions (original metric not given) were 16 x 20 in cylinders; 6ft 6in coupled wheels; 1535ft2 total heating surface and 17ft2 grate area..

The last journey of Queren Victoria. 49 + plate on facing page.
Plate shows No. 3373 Atbara renamed Royal Sovereign and possibly painted unrelieved black with white wreath, royal coat of arms, headlamp with crown; illustration on p. 49 shows LBSCR 4-4-0 No. 54 Empress similarly adorned. The latter hauled the special from Clarence Yard Gosport to London Victoria leaving at 08.53 and arriving 10.58; then the corpse was conveyed by gun carriage to Paddington where a further special left at 13.32 for Windsor.

Locomotives for the Indian metre gauge rys. 50-1.
O class passenger 4-4-0 and freight F class 0-6-0: both had outside frames and outside cylinders with Laird single slide bars. The O class had 14 x 20in cylinders activated by Stephenson valve gear via rocking shafts; 4ft 5in coupled wheels; 752.79ft2 total heating surface and 10.55ft2 grate area. ONe supplied to the Indian State Railway is illustrated. The 0-6-0 had 3ft 6½in coupled wheels; 14 x 20in cylinders; 651.8ft2 total heating surface and 12.5ft2 grate area. No. 101 supplied to the Bengal North Western Railway illustrated.

Old six-coupled loco. N.B. Ry. 51. illus.
0-6-0, formerly 0-4-2 with outside cylinders originally supplied by Neilson to Monkland Railway in 1859. Rebuilt in 1868 with 4ft coupled wheels and 16 x 22in cylinders.

The locomotive history of the Isle of Wight Central Ry.. 52-3. 2 illus.
Previous part page 26. In 1898 a further Beyer Peacock 2-4-0T of the type supplied to the Newport & Ryde Railway, but slightly larger was supplied: WN 3942/1898 (Fig. 6): this was given the number 8 and painted in the red livery. In 1899, and again in 1900, former LBSCR Terriers were purchased: No. 75 Blackwall became No. 9 and No. 69 Peckham became No. 10 (Fig. 7 illustrates latter)

Locomotive boiler tubes. 53-5. 3 diagrs.

New L.B.&S.C.R. tank engines. 55.
Six-coupled radial (0-6-2T) Nos. 511 Lingfield and 512 Kingswood built at Brighton Works. Sent for scrap: 51 Rotherhithe; 65 Tooting; 66 Hatcham and 507 Freshwater

The carriage and wagon department. 56-

Cycle carrying apparatus. 56 illus.
Invented by H.A. Ivatt for GNR: bicycles suspended from roof.

Dining and sleeping car, Sanyo Railway, Japan. 56. illus.
Built in Kobe to the design of Iwasaki. the nlocomotive and carriage superintendent: 50 feet long: accommodation for 16 sleeping and eight dining. Used on Kobe to Shimonoseki service of 320 miles.

North Eastern Ry. 56.
Large capacity wagons for loco. coal being built at Shildon.

A special L.&N.W.R. 56.
Vestibuled dining car train chartered by Duke of Westminster on 16 February.

New sleeping cars, Midland Ry. 57. 3 diagrs.

Correspondence. 58.
Third class sleeping cars. H.L.L.
Plea for provision for Glasgow Exhibition arguing that 32 passengers could be conveyed in 65ft long vehicles running on six-wheel bogies eithrer in eight four-berth compartments or on American pattern with central gangway. The WCJS conveyed only 14 first class passengers.

No. 64 (April)

New express engines, L.& S.W.R. 59 illus.
Drummond 4-4-0: No. 300 illustrated. 6ft 7in coupled wheels; 18½in x 26in cylinders; 1500ft2 total heating surface; 24ft2 grate area. Firebox fitted with Drummond patent water tubes.

[Baldwin Atlantics for Lehigh Valley Railroad]. 59
4-4-2 express locomotives with 6ft 8in coupled wheels, 20in x 26in cylinders, 2798ft2 heating surface. 200 psi boiler pressure. Intended to work Black Diamond expresses.

Great Central engines. 59.
New tender goods engines with Belpaire fireboxes Nos. 74 and 75. Had tenders of a new type witg coal guards similar vto Midland practice. No. 686, one of Parker's single-framed bogie engines fitted with extended smokebox and standard chimney. One of the recent express bogie engines No. 855 fitted with a new chimney and had its splasshers cut to enable driver to access outside rod oil cups.

New express locomotives, S. E. & C. Ry. 60. illus.
Wainwright design supplied by Sharp Stewart: No. 731 illustrated. 6ft 8in coupled wheels, 19in x 26in cylinders. Copper capped chimney and polished brass dome cover and safety valve seating.

L. C. & D. Ry. locos. 60.
Nos. 157 and 159 rebuilt with new boilers. Nos. 26 and 27 scrapped. Scotia class of tank engines being rebuilt with domed boilers: first one being No. 98 Cambria.

No. 70 "Poplar" L. B. & S. C. R. 60.
Terrier tank engine sold to Rother Valley Ry.

The B.G. locomotives of the Great Western Ry. 61-3. 5 diagrs.
Fig. 15 shows one of three 2-2-2 locomotives supplied by Sharp Roberts in 1838: WN R, S and T named Lion, Atlas and Eagle respectively. These were based on standard gauge designs, but with the wheels placed well outside the frames. The leading dimensions were 6ft driving wheels, 14in x 18in cylinders, 478.67ft2 total heating surface and 11.66ft2 grate area. About 1860 all were rebuilt with tanks.
Haigh Foundry supplied WN 25 and 26 of 1838 which carried the names Snake and Viper. As originally built they had 6ft driving wheels and gearing (spur wheel and pinion with a 2 to 1 ratio) between them and the small cylinders. One of them appears to have been successful on test runs between Paddington and Maidenhead when speeds of between 35 and 40 mile/h were attained. Nevertheless, the directors declined to accept the locomotives and they were rebuilt without gearing and with new cylinders and driving wheels. Whishaw quoted the following main dimensions: 6ft 4in driving wheels, 14¾in x 18in cylinders, 486.17ft2 total heating surface. It is argued that Fig. 16 does not depict these two locomotives in either form, but Fig. 17 may show their tenders which had their 4ft 6in wheels formed from dished plates as per Ajax (Fig. 14).
R. & W. Hawthorn WN 235 and 236 were two extraordinary locomotives built to T.E. Harrison's patent design named Thunderer and Hurricane in which a boiler was carried on six axles and steam was conveyed to a separate engine unit. Thunderer had two 16in x 20in cylinders which onto two pairs of 6ft driving wheels via gearing with a ratio of 27 to 10. The boiler units had a total heating surface of 623.42ft2 and a grate area slightly in excess of 17ft2. Hurricane employed direct drive from two 16in x 20in cylinders drove 10ft diameter driving wheels. It had been claimed that Hurricane ran the 22½ miles to Taplow in 16 minutes, driven by Richard Wilkinson of the Stockton & Darlington Railway and fired by John Thompson. One of the boilers was fitted to Bacchus when it served as a ballast engine and one of the ten foot driving wheels was used as a counterweight on a crane.

G.E. Ry. engines. 63.
Ten new condensing bogie tank engines (0-4-4T) of the 1100 class completed at Stratford Works: Nos. 1130-1139. The Claud Hamilton returned from Paris Exhibition and put into service based at Stratford.

New Belgian edxpress engines. 63.
Thirty Breadalbane type being constructed for Belgian State Railways.

New S. E. & C. R. engines. 63.
Two more goods engines built at Longhedge: Nos. 592 and 593 to replace Nos. 133 Huz and 134 Buz.

Locomotives of the West and South Clare Rys. 64-5. 2 illus.
The West Clare Railway opened in July 1887. The 3ft gauge line was constructed under the 1883 Light Railways Act and was 27 miles long connecting Ennis with Miltown Malbay. The first four locomotives were supplied by W.G. Bagnall & Co. These were 0-6-0Ts with 3ft 6in coupled wheels. Nos. 1 and 2 had 13in x 20in cylinders and a total heating surface of about 510ft2. Nos. 3 Clifden and 4 Besborough (the latter being illustrated) had 14in x 20in cylinders and a total heating surface of about 540ft2. In December 1893 the South Clare Railway opened from Miltown Malbay to Kilkee and Kilrush. Three new locomotives were supplied by Dübs to the specification of George Hopkins who joined the West Clare Railway as locomotive superintendent from the M.G.W.R. in 1891. These were 0-6-2Ts with 4ft coupled wheels, 15in x 20in cylinders, 740ft2 total heating surface and 11ft2 grate area. These were Nos. 5 Slieve Callan, 6 Saint Senan and 7 Lady Inchiquin: the last being illustrated. These locomotives were capable of hauling 150 tons up 1 in 60 gradients for three miles.

The North Sunderland Ry. 65. illus.
Four mile long railway built under the 1896 Light Railway Act to connect Chathill on the North Eastern main line with Seahouses, a fishing village on the Northumberland coast via North Sunderland. The company's locomotive Bamburgh was supplied by Manning Wardle (WN 1394/1898): it was an 0-6-0ST with 4ft coupled wheels, 12in x 18in cylinders and carried a boiler pressure of 140 psi. The livery was a light green but darker than that of the NER. Five passenger coaches were purchased from the Highland Railway and retained their green livery. Passenger trains formed of NER stock were worked over the line in the summer of 1900. An extension to Bamburgh Castle had been considered.

L. & N. W. R. trial trip. 65.
No. 2543, a three cylinder compound eight-coupled goods engine hauled 81 vehicles (mostly loaded) from Crewe to Edgehill on Sunday 10 February 1901.

[N.E.R. four-coupled bogie express engine No. 1619]. 65.
Originally built as a two-cylinder compound, rebuilt in 1898 as a three-cylinder compound had left Gateshead Works with water tubes in the firebox.

New G. W. Ry.tank engines. 65.
New standard 0-6-0STs Nos. 2781 to 2792 manufactured at Swindon Works.

Four-coupled express engine, Midland Ry. 66. illus.
4-4-0 with Belpaire fireboxes (first of type fitted on MR). 6ft 9in coupled wheels, 17½in x 26in cylinders, piston valves, boiler pressure 180 psi. New design of cab. Bogie tender. No. 2608 illustrated.

The Borsig Locomotive Works, Berlin. 66. illus.
Fig. 4: powerful 0-8-0 constructed in 1881 for Italian Southern Ry (Strade Ferrate Meridionali) with 4ft 2in coupled wheels, 20½in x 26in cylinders and 1577ft2 total heating surface aqnd 142 psi boiler pressure. During the 1880s only boilers and stationary engines were produced, but the opening of the Tegel plant, near Berlin, enabled Borsig to manufacture 200 locomotives per annum. In 1900 a four-coupled locomotive for the Prussian State Railways was exhibited in Paris. See Locomotives of 1900. The Borsig Works had completed some 4,900 locomotives and employed about 2,500.

Converted Sharp's single, L. & N. W. R. Supplement.
2-2-2T No. 446.

Express engines for the Dutch State Rys. 69. illus.
Supplied by Beyer Peacock: double-frame 4-4-0s with Belpaire fireboxes, Serve tubes and bogie tenders. 7ft coupled wheels, 19in x 26in cylinders, 31ft2 grate area and 180 psi boiler pressure. Between Roosendaal and Flushing average 55 mile/h over 48 miles with ten vehicles.

Eight-wheeled tank engine, G. W. R. 70. diagr. (s. el.)
Dean 2-4-2T No. 11. 5ft 2in coupled wheels, 17in x 24in cylinders actuated by piston valves, domeless Belpaire boiler. 1561.65ft2 total heating surface and 21.35ft2 grate area. Working pressure 180 psi. Steam reversing gear and water pick up scoop.

Locomotive boiler explosion on L. & Y. R. 70-1. illus.
0-8-0 No. 676 (illustrated in Locomotive Mag., 1900, 5, 126? (Aug.)) experienced a boiler explosion on 11 March 1901 between Knottingley East and Sudforth Lane when hauling 52 loaded coal wagons from Glasshoughton Collieries to Goole working tender-first. Both the driver and firemen were killed and the train derailed. The boiler was hurled 50 yards off the frames.

[Reservists for South Africa]. 71.
104 reservists from the 2nd Cheshire Royal Engineers (Railway) left Crewe for South Africa on 25 February 1901 behind engine Problem.

[Baldwin compound double locomotive]. 71.
Baldwin albuum No. 22 gave details of a double locomotive which could either operate as separate units or be combined to form a single unit operated by a single crew. The locomotive was supplied to the McCloud River Railroad.

The Waterford & Central Ireland Railway. 71-2. 2 illus.
Both of the locomotives described were 0-4-2 type tender engines. No. 1 was supplied by Sharp Stewart in 1884: WN 3233. It had 5ft 3in coupled wheels, 17in x 24in cylinders and a raised firebox with Ramsbottom safety valves. No. 4 was supplied by Vulcan Foundry (WN 1558/1897). It had 5ft 4in couled wheels and 16in x 24in cylinders. The engines were painted dark green with black bands lined with light green. An inner line of red was added on the cab and tender. The framing was brown with a black border. The carriage stock was painted in dark lake with vermillion bands. Correction (see February issue) the driving wheels on Nos. 3 and 4 were 5ft 3in diameter.

A novel shunting engine. 72. ilus.
Built by and for the Hetton Colliery, Power taken from a Tansey donkey engine with 6½in x 8in stroke cylinders. Transmission was via gears and a chain. The locomotive was named Lyons.

Midland goods engines. 72.
Twenty standard goods engines delivered from Kitson: Nos. 2641 to 2660. Neilson, Reid building Nos. 2591 to 2600: the last to be deilvered would be exhibited at the Glasgow International Exhibition.

Reviews. 73.
Sekon's dictionary of railway words and phrases. G.A. Sekon. Railway Publishing Co.
Notes that the terms Bank and truck sheet have meanings other than those listed. Had never seen a wagon coupling with only two links.
The history of the Midland Railway. Clement E. Stretton. Methuen.
Well received

The shops. 73
Compressed air for tools
Soft metal hammers
oints of cast iron steam pipes

Staying of locomotive boilers. 74-5. 4 diagrs.

Russian railway signals. 75. illus.

The carriage and wagon department. 76-

Saloon car L.&N.W.R. & W.C.J.S. 76-7. illus., plan
45ft long bogie vehicle divided into three saloons (each seating four and convertible to form sleeping berths), a smoking compartment, two lavatories and a compartment for luggage and another for servants. Gas lighting.

Bogie machine truck C. de F. Nord Belge. 77. diagr. (s. el. & plan)

Railway carriage & wagon construction (I). 77
Timber: American oak.

Corridor cars. 77
Suggests employemnt of vestibuled corridor trains on long journeys quoting the murder of a lady passenger in a compartment.

S.E.&C.R. 77.
Fitting former LCDR block trains with electric lighting, upholstery and spring locks was progressing rapidly.

L.B.&S.C.R. 77.
sixteen bogie block suburban trains in service.

No. 65 (May 1901)

New 6-cpld. tank locomotive, Metropolitan Ry. 79. illus.
Yorkshire Engine Co. 0-6-2T: 5ft diameter coupled wheels; 17½in x 26in cylinders; 1150ft2 total heating surface and 17.9ft2 grate area. Fitted with condensing apparatus. T.F. Clark Locomotive Superintendent. No. 90 illustrated.
Messrs. Kitson & Co. 79
Delivered new six-coupled radial tank (0-6-2T) to Hull & Barnsley Ry. No. 100.
G.E.R. 79.
First of ten new four-coupled express engines of 1900 class delivered from Stratford Shops numbered 1880. No. 0706, rebuilt compound, had extended smokebox and new chimney.
Great Central engines. 79.
Three more of standard goods engines completed Gorton Works: Nos. 76, 77 and 79. Tenders of new type carrying 3000 gallons of water. Beyer Peacock had delivered six standard six-coupled radial tanks (0-6-2T), Nos. 941-6.
Crewe railway improvements. 79
Completion of three subways or tunnels under the North Junction to enable freight trains to avoid conflicting movements with passenger trains.

A diminutive locomotive. 80. illus.
2-2-2 locomotive constructed by Messrs Dodman & Co. at the Highgate Foundry, King's Lynn for W. Burkitt. The Gazelle had 4in x 12in inside cylinders; The driving wheels were 3ft 9in diameter, and like the leading and trailing wheels were of the Mansell type. On Sunday 25 July 1897 the little locomotive travelled from King's Lynn to Chesterfield and back. It left King's Lynn at 06.10 and arrived at Chesterfield at 11.20. The return journey was begun at 15.00 and arrived back at 20.25.

Manchester, South Junction and Altringham Railway. 80, 5 illus., map
See also letter on page 114.

Locomotives of the West and South Clare Rys. 82-3. 2 illus.
2-6-2T No. 8 Lsdoonvarna supplied by Dübs & Co. WN 3169/1894 with coupled wheels of 3ft 6in diameter; the leading and trailing axles were of the Webb radial type. The cylinders were 15in x 20in. The total heating surface was 740.39ft2 and the grate area 11.187ft2. In 1898 a further 2-6-2T No. 9 Fergus was obtained from Thomas Green to the specification of Hopkins. The total heating surface was 743.575ft2. A duplicate No. 2 Ennis supplied to the West Clare Railway in 1900 and another No. 4 Liscannor was under construction.

Six-coupled bogie express engines, N.E.R. 82. illus.
Wilson Worsdell express locomotivess with 6ft 8¼in coupled wheels intended for working between York and Edinburgh. The outside cylinders (20in x 26in) were actuated by piston valves with Stephenson link motion. The total heating surface was 1769ft2 and the grate area 23ft2. The boiler pressure was 200 psi. No. 2111 illustrated. Designed to haul loads equal to 20 carriages (350 to 375 tons) 124½ miles non-stop at 53 mile/h. Further in service page 147..

The B.G. locomotives of the Great Western Ry. 83-7. 6 diagrs.
R. Stephenson & Co.locomotives originally constructed in 1839 for the New Orleans Railroad, but not delivered: Evening Star (shown in Fig. 20) and Dog Star with 7ft driving wheels and 15in x 18in cylinders. The total heating surface was 637.97ft2, but Dog Star may have had a larger heating surface of 753.79ft2 and a grate are of 14.14ft2. Eight further R. Stephenson & Co.locomotives were supplied in 1840/1 and all received Star names. Polar Star had 15½in x 18in cylinders, 7ft driving wheels, and a total heating surface of 662.33ft2. Red Star and Lode Star had a larger total heating surface of 817.97ft2. Rising Star (shown in Fig. 21) had a longer boiler. Shooting Star (shown in Fig. 22) was very similar to Evening Star including the unusual safety valves on the boiler barrel, but the domed firebox was different. Royal Star (shown in Fig. 23) had a different boiler which according to D.K. Clark had a total heating surface of 822ft2 and a grate area of 11.7ft2. Two locomotives were tabulated, but not mentioned in the initial survey of dimensions:Bright Star and Western Star. Some of the locomotives were converted into saddle tank engines with an extra leading axle (Figure 24): these were: Morning Star, Polar Star, Shooting Star, Red Star, Rising Star and Bright Star. From 1840 Daniel Gooch became locomotive superintendent and specifications were drawn up for manufacturers with drawings and iron templates supplied by Gooch. Sixty two six-wheeled 2-2-2 were essentially similar with 7ft driving wheels, 15in x 18in cylinders, a total heating surface of 647.6ft2 and a grate area of 12.572. The first to be supplied were six built by Jones, Turner & Evans of Viaduct Foundry, Newton. These were WN18-23/1840, named Firefly, Spitfire, Wildfire, Fireball, Fireking and Firebrand. Firefly is shown in Figure 25. Fireball and Fireking were rebuilt with 6ft diameter driving wheels.

L.B. & S.C. Ry. engines. 87.
Three more radial tanks brought into service: Nos. 513 Densworth, 514 Barcombe and 515 Swanmore.

North London Railway. 87.
Two further standard goods tank locomotives had entered service: Nos. 91 and 92.

Mogul locomotive, Siamese Rys. 88. illus.
4ft 8½in gauge 2-6-0 supplied by Krauss with Krauss type of pony truck. Heusinger straight link valve gear (outside). Wood burning with large spark arrestor. Tender had a bogie at leading end. Fitted with automatic vacuum brake

Trans-Siberian trains. 88-9. illus.
Every Saturday a train operated by the Railway Administration left the Kursk station in Moscow for Irkutsk, a distance of 3164 miles. The five cars included staff accommodation, an electricity generator, kitchen and both standard and luxury paaenger accommodation. The International Car Co. had introduced trains de luxe, exhibited at the Pais Exhibition which included a gymnasium and barbers shop.

The Erecting Shop, Stratford Works, in 1864. plate facing page 88 (Supplement to May Issue)
Interior view.

The locomotives of the G. E. R. 89-91.
Diagram of companies which formed the company: Eastern Counties Railway, first part opened 18 June 1839 from Devonshire Street to Romford and the Northern & Eastern Railway opended from Stratford to Broxbourne on 15 September 1840. Both of these were 5ft gauge: altered to standard gauge in September/October 1844. The Norwich & Yarmouth Railway opened on 1 May 1844: this became the Norfolk Railway which had opened lines from Norwich to Brandon and from Reedham to Lowestoft and were worked by the Eastern Counties Railway from 8 May 1848. The Lynn & Ely, Lynn & Dereham and Ely & Huntingdon Railways merged to form the East Anglian Railway in 1846. The Eastern Union Railway (EUR) opened from Colchester to Ipswich on 15 June 1846 and this absorbed several minor railways including the Ipswich & Bury opened 7 December 1846. The EUR reached Norwich Victoria on 7 November 1849. The East Suffolk Railway and Newmarket Railway were further elements in the dismal attempt, which has never been completed, to build a railway into East Anglia.
Since July 1885 the locomotive superintendent had been James Holden whose appreciation of assistance is acknowledged as were the suppliers Robert Stephenson, Kitson and Sharp Stewart. The first person to be in charge of locomotives was J. Braithwaite, the engineer of the line, wo constructed repair shops about 1¼ miles beyond Romford possibly to be near his residence at Hare Hall. Fernihough, who came from Bury's works was appointed locomotive superintendent in 1843. He was responsible for converting the locomotives when the gauge was changed from 5ft in 1844 and was blamed for the serious accident which occurred at Littlebury on 4 August 1845, and this led to his resignation. Scott was brought in from Derby as replacement at the behest of George Hudson: under Scott the Stratford works and running shed were started, but John Hunter was put in overall charge from the autum of 1846. The new works opened in 1848. In August 1850 J.V. Gooch was appointed locomotive superintendent and held the office for six years. Robert Sinclair became the first locomotive superintendent of the Great Eastern Railway as such and also acted as engineer-in-chief. He retired in December 1865, and was replaced (for locomotive affairs) by William Kitson until June 1866 when S.W. Johnson became chief until 1873 when he left to move to Derby. W. Adams came from the North London Railway until leaving for the LSWR in 1878. Massey Bromley then held sway until 1881. There was a brief interregnum under M. Gillies, until T.W. Worsdell came from Crewe Works.
The plate was a photograph taken by George Macallan. Visible in the picture are W.H. Maw of Engineering, president of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, and W.H. Kitson, chairman of the Leeds Wheel & Axle Co. These and Macallan had served their apprenticeship under J.V. Gooch and Sinclair at the Stratford shops.

G.N.R. engines. 91.
No. 714, a standard four-coupled engine had been fitted with a new boiler. No. 183, six-coupled goods, No. 357, mixed traffic engine, and No. 122, one of the old leading and driving coupled tank engines had all been rebuilt. Two 8ft singles, Nos. 8 and 98, had been scrapped.

Goods loco., Belgian State Rys. 92-3. illus., diagr. (s. & f. cross sections and plan)
0-6-0 based on Caledonian Railway design. Two were exhibited in Paris in 1900: No. 2513 built by S.A. Forges, Haine, St. Pierre and No. 2514 constructed S.A. St. Leonard of Liege.

Glasgow International Exhibition. 93.
Intended exhibits: Neilson, Reid & Co., Hyde Park Works to send Midland Railway No. 2600 (four-coupled express locomotive) and No. 60 with 7ft drivers. Dübs Drummond LSWR 702 class fitted with firebox water tubes; Sharp Stewart of the Atlas Works No. 735 (Wainwright SECR 4-4-0) and Andrew Barclay to send "a powerful six-coupled side tank engine".

Fitting the smokebox. 94-5. 3 diagrs.
Practical application to boiler already installed.

L. & N. W. R. locos. 95.
Ten more standard 18in. goods engines constructed at Crewe works: WN 4095-4104: RN 472, 474, 475, 476, 488, 494, 498, 530, 533 and 535.

G. W. R. engines. 95.
Six goods engines of 33 class had left Swindon works Nos. 2621 to 2626: they were fitted with pop safety valves. A 30-ton crane engine with side tanks had been put into service. Fitted with steam reversing gear and painted in black picked out with broad red and narrow white lines. Crane supported von a trailing bogie.

Midland locos. 95.
Five more engines of 60 Class out-shopped from Derby: Nos. 805-809. Diameter of cylinders (see April) should have been stated as 19½in.

The carriage and Wagon department. 96-8
An Eastern Counties carriage. 96. illus.
Four-wheel coach survivor from 1851: latterly had been used as an inspection vehicle.
Bogie carriages for the Rhymney Ry. 96. illus.
Gloucester Railway Carriage and Wagon Co. to the design of C. Lundie, Locomotive and Carriage Superintendent. 46ft long with steel underframes first/second class composite. Livery: purp;e lake with white upper panels.
Wagon door balancer. 97. illus.
Supplied by Monarch Controller for steel framed wagons.
L.B. & S.C. Ry. 97.
Receipt of steel-framed covered goods wagons built by Ashbury Carriage & Wagon Co. Also receipt of six-wheel 20 ton goods brake vans with steel axles and cast iron inside framing from Craven Bros. Bogie compartment thirds bwith 7 compartments and 2 lavatories from Gloucester Railway Carriage and Wagon Co.
New cars on Wabash Railroad, U.S.A. 97. illus.
American Car and Foundry Co. of St. Louis supplied 63ft long passenger cars to seat 66 passengers: carried on six-wheel bogies.

Railway carriage & wagon construction (II). 98.
Timber: European oak, English oak and teak.

Correspondence. 98.
[Embankment off LNWR St. Albans branch], J.E.H.
Between Bricket Wood and Park Street stations: built to enable Midland Railway trains to reach Watford, but never put into operation.

No. 66 (June 1901)

New suburban train, L. B. & S. C. R. Plate fp. 99.

New eight-coupled goods engines, G.N.R. 99. illus.
0-8-0 No. 401 illustrated. Ivatt design. 19¾ x 26in cylinders; 4ft 6in coupled wheels; shared 990 class boiler, but pitched higher. Painted black with red lining.

Great Central engines. 99.
One of new singles, No. 970 had been fitted with new standard chimney. No. 89, one of small six-wheeled four-coupled tender engines had been painted black and fitted with new type of chimney. Two more standard goods engines had been built at Gorton Works: Nos. 80 and 81.

L. & S. W. R. engines. 99.
Five more standrad express engines with cross tubes in firebox were into service (T9 4-4-0): Nos. 305, 307, 310, 311 and 312. Several engines had new type of funnel [sic] fitted amongst which being No. 445 (Stephenson's 7ft 1in bogie express engines): others similarly modified being Nos. 449, 453 and 454. No. 173, a leading bogie tank engine built Dübs in 1884 had been fitted with new type of chimney: six others so modified were Nos. 106, 492, 493, 124 and 375.

L. B.& S. C. Ry. engines. 99.
Radial tank engine No. 516 Rustington completed at Brighton Works. No. 70 Poplar transferred to Rother Valley Railway had been repainted in similar style to GER: i.e. dark blue and numbered 3 and named Bodiam. New experimental brick arch fitted to Croydon: wall reached crown of firebox and diverted heated gases to tubes by the side of the brickwork. Nos. 605 Kensington and 606 Carisbrooke sent to Horley fror scrapping.

The B.G. locomotives of the Great Western Ry. 100-2. 3 diagrs.
Birds and Beasts class built Sharp, Roberts in 1840-1: Tiger WN 82/ April 1840; Leopard WN 84/ May 1840; Panther WN 85/ June 1840; Lynx WN 88/ July 1840; Stag WN 92/ September 1840;  Vulture WN 95/ October 1840; Hawk WN 96/ October 1840; Falcon WN 102/ November 1840; Ostrich WN 104/ December 1840; Greyhound WN 112/ January 1841.

The locomotives of the G.E.R. 102-3. illus.
First portion of Eastern Counties Railway opened 18 June 1839 from a temporary station at Devonshire Street and two special trains were run to Romford abreast of each other with Braithwaite locomotives at the front and the rear of each train.

Cauchi, William V. The locomotive history of the London, Chatham & Dover Ry. 103-5.

G.W.R. engines. 105.
2-6-0 with 4ft 6in coupled wheels and 18 x 26in cylinders: Nos. 2621, 2623, 2625, 2627 and 2629 allocated to Swindon and Nos. 2622, 2624, 2624 and 2628 allocated to Aberdare.

Engine with extended smokebox, G.E.R. illus.
4-4-0 No. 0706 built at Stratford in 1885, and fitted with new boiler in 1894 fitted with extended smokebox and chimney of type fitted to standard goods engines.

London, Chatham & Dover Railway — express passenger engine. 106. diagr. & plan
Detailed working drawing of Wainwright 4-4-0

"Sir Daniel", G.W.R. 107. illus.
2-2-2 No. 378 Sir Daniel designed Joseph Armstrong built Swindon 1866. 7ft driving wheels; 17 x 24in cylinders, 1203ft2 total heating surface; 16.77 grate areaft2, 140 psi boiler pressure.

Small shunting engine for the Caldon Lime Quarries. 107. illus.
W.G. Bagnall Ltd. 3ft 6in gauge 0-4-0ST locomotive with outside cylinders (7in x 12in); 2ft 3in wheels; 157.7ft2 total haeting surface and 3.33ft2 grate area.

Metropolitan Ry. engines. 107.
Four of six new six-coupled goods engines, Nos. 903, at work.

S. E. & C. R. 107
On Sunday 26 May 1901 Greenwich line adopted left-hand running; termed "pass each other right to right".

Fitting locomotive axleboxes. 108-9. 5 diagrs.
Practical guidance.

G.N.R. engine No. 61. 109.
(5ft 6in front coupled wheels) rebuilt with new standard boiler, cab, etc.

Glasgow Exhibition. 109.
Dübs & Co. illustrated pamphlet of exhibit at Exposition: Drummond's LSWR 4-4-0 No. 773; also shows interiors of Workshops.

The brakes. 110

Brakes on engine bogie wheels. 110. illus.
Westinghouse brake fiited to Gothard Railway 4-6-0s.

Air brake retainer for driving wheels. 110. diagr.
Manufactured Michigan Lubricator Co. of Detroit.

An American railway accident. 111. 3 illus.
120ft high trestle viaduct at Lonseome Gap on the Knoxville, Cumberland Gap and Louisville Railroad in Tennessee collapsed due to the weight of two locomotives.

G.W.R. engines. 111.
Nos. 3548, 3549 and 3525 had been rebuilt with leading bogies, Belpaire fireboxes and extended smokeboxes.

The carriage and Wagon department. 112.
Travelling gas holders for Bengal Nagpur Railway. 112. illus.
Supplied Midland Carriage and Wagon Co., Shrewsbury: welded steel reservoirs on Shelton rolled steel underframes: 5ft 6in gauge.

Mail van, Great Eastern Ry. illus.
Six-wheeled van with a wheelbase of 22ft 6in with vestibules and standard apparatus for picking up and dropping Post Office mail.

Railway carriage & wagon constrution. Part III. 113-14.
Ash not used to any grerat extent for carriages, but employed for body framing for tram cars. In America used for freight car doors. Ash becomes brittle with age. Mahogany: two types Honduras and Spanish. No better wood can be employed for carriage panels than Honduras mahogany also known as Bay wood. Walnut was used for the internal finish: two types American and Italian (former much plainer). Sycamore used for internal panelling.

Correspondence. 114.
Manchester, South Junction & Altringham Railway. Contractor.
See page 80: GCR was not sole provider of motive power: some also provided by LNWR. Great Central used four-coupled six-wheel tank engines: Nos. 23, 24, 447-52 then in use. LNWR employing large four-coupled eight-wheel tanks Nos. 1154, 1145, 2126, and 620 which had replaced GCR large four-coupled eight-wheel tanks. The LNWR locomotives were driven by LNWR men, but were paid by GCR.

Maclean. 114.
Interesting as presumably source for Maclean's locomotive studies: NER 4-4-0 only numbered up to 2030 and began again at 2101-2110; hence 0-6-0 mineral engines Nos. 2031-2039. Tank engines (not identifiable in reply) numbered 2081-2100. Nos. 1346, 1349 and 1439 built by Hawthorn's: first two in June 1875; latter in September 1875. They are bogie back tanks with 5ft coupled wheels and 17 x 22in cylinders.

W.E. Harley. 114
LCDR engine No. 26 belonged to Class G; Nos. 3-26 and 27 to Class K.

No. 67 (July 1901)

Four-cylinder compound locomotive, C. de F. du Midi. 115. illus.
De Glehn 4-4-0 type. built by Alsatian Co. of Belfort: one of ten numbered 1775 to 1784, generally similar to No. 1765 exhibited at Vincennes in 1900, but with higher boiler pressure (213 psi). High pressure cylinders 13¾in. diameter; low pressure 21½in diameter with a common stroke of 25¼in. 7ft coupled wheels. Grate area 26.9ft2. Total heating surface 1857ft2.

Midland Ry. engines. 115.
Three more 4-4-0 of type exhibited at the Glasgow Exhibition deleivered by Neilson, Reid & Co.; numbers 2591-2593.

L. B.& S. C. Ry. engines. 115.
No. 517 Limpsfield, the first of a series of six-cuopled 5ft 6in radial tank engines had left Brighton Works: was fitted with Ashton pop safety valves on the manhole.

Highland Ry. locomotives. 115.
Three further 4-4-0 Ben class had been constructed at Lochgorm Works similar to Ben-y-Gloe described in Locomotive Mag., 1898 (November): No. 15 Ben Loyal (built in 1900); 16 Ben Avon and 17 Ben Alligan

Our colored supplement: South Eastern & Chatham Ry.—Four-coupled express engin No. 735. 115 + plate on facing page.
Folding coloured plate from painting by F. Moore printed Alf Cooke of Leeds.

Four-coupled bogie tank locomotives, Metropolitan Ry. 116. illustration..
No. 82 illustrated: one of four 0-4-4T type supplied by R. & W. Hawthorn of Newcastle to design of T.F. Clark, Locomotive Superintendent. 5ft 6in coupled wheels; 17½ x 26in. cylinders. 1200ft2 total heating surface; 18ft2 grate area. Weight distribution tabulated. Numbered 79-82

G.N.R. engines. 116.
Two new 7ft 6in single of 267 class into service: Nos. 92 and 100. No. 743 running with Marshall's patent valve gear..

The B.G. locomotives of the Great Western Ry. 116-18. 4 diagrams.

New side tank engine, North British Ry. 118. illustration.
Holmes 0-6-0T supplied by Neilson, Reid & Co. with 17 x 26in. cylinders and 4ft 6in coupled wheels. Total heating surface 1059ft2 and grate area 17ft2. Boiler pressure 150 psi. Twenty of type supplied by Sharp, Stewart & Co. (Nos. 795-814) and twenty by Neilson, Reid: Nos. 815-834.

Indian locomotives. 121. 4 illustrations
Photographs and notes supplied by H.H. Spalding of Lahore and relate to North Western Railway 5ft 6in gauge stock. No. 122 was a class KS 0-4-2 intended for freight and mixed traffic. It had 17 x 24in cylinders, 5ft 6in. coupled wheels, 140 psi boiler pressure; 962.79ft2 total heating surface.  No. 33 was a Class P 2-4-0 used for mail and passenger traffic. It had 18 x 24in cylinders, 6ft diameter coupled wheels, 160 psi boiler pressure; 1204ft2 total heating surface. No. 107 was an A class 2-8-2T for working on the steep (1 in 25) inclines on the Quetta Frontier section. It had 20 x 26in outside cylinders, 4ft 3in. coupled wheels, 180 psi boiler pressure; 2090ft2 total heating surface and weighed 92 tons in working order. No. 8, class S.T. was an 0-6-2T with a radial trailing axle built at Lahore for shunting. It had 17 x 24in cylinders, 4ft 3in. coupled wheels, 160 psi boiler pressure; 1135.1ft2 total heating surface.

A curious shunting engine. 120. illustration..
Clayton & Shuttleworth of Lincoln supplied geraed shunting locomotive to Hall & Co. of Croydon in 1867. It had two 7½ x 12in, cylinders and travelling wheels of 3ft 0¾in diameter. The drive was via gears and a chain. The drive could be disconnected by a clutch and the flywheel could power machinery. The total heating surface was 170ft2 and the grate area 5.4ft2.

Oil burning locomotives, S. E. & C. R. 120. illustration..
Two James Stirling 4-4-0 type with domeless boilers (Nos. 454 and 459) modified to burn oil fuel on Holden system. Locomotive type described in Locomotive Mag., 1897, 3, 121.

Model Caledonian express locomotive: Glasgow Exhibition. 121. illustration.
2in scale model owned by Douglas Croall.

Automobile v. locomotive. 121.
The fastest train in the world, the Sud Express, was beaten by a motor car in the Paris to Bordeaux race which achieved an average speed of 85 km/h.

The locomotives of the G.E.R. 121-2. 2 illustration.
Illustrations of old locomotive depot at Brandon and the former factory at Romford. Timetable of London to Colchester trains in 1843 (or roughly what one might expect on any Sunday)

New G.W.R. engines. 122.
Second 2601 class engine at work: had a leading pony truck with compensating lever connecting it to the hangers of the leading springs instead of a bogie. Following 2621 class entered service: 2631, 2633, 2635 and 2637 at Swindon; 2630, 2632, 2634 and 2636 at Aberdare.

Baldwin Locomotive Works Record of Recent Construction, No. 23 1901. 122.
Description of the Vanderbilt boiler  based on Cornelius Vanderbilt's Locomotive boilers presented at ASME.

The locomotive history of the London, Chatham & Dover Ry. 124. diagram.
Six small Hawthorns (as per Fig. 1) were lent by the GNR to the East Kent Railway: these were GNR Nos. 52-7. They had been built in 1848-9. They had 15 x 21in cylinders and 6ft driving wheels. They had a total heating surface of 907ft2.

The Carriage and Wagon Department. 128-30.

New close coupled suburban trains, L. B. & S. C. R. 128.

Railway carriage & wagon construction. IV. 129-30.
Pines and firs: yellow pine and European pines.

No. 68 (August 1901)

The West Coast Scotch Express, 10 o'clock ex Euston. Supplement (f.p. 131).

New express engines, L. B.& S. C. Ry. 131. illustration..
See also page 135. Modified Sirdar class: six delivered from Sharp, Stewart of Glasgow: WN 4757-4762. No. 49 Queensland illustrated. Others: 47 Canada, 48 Australia, 50 Tasmania, 51 Wolferton, 55 Emperor.

Great Central engines. 131.
Three more standard goods engines had left Gorton Shops, Nos. 84, 90 and 94.

G. W. R. locos. 131.
New series of Atbara class being completed Swindon Works: Nos. 3393 Auckland, 3394 Adelaide, 3395 Aden and 3396 Brisbaine. Beginning with No. 3396 fitted with new style of nameplate with brass letters on a black background plsced over driving splasher and number on a separate plate on side of the cab. 7ft 8in single No. 3055 formerly Trafalgar renamed as Lamber. Last five 2621 class now in service and stationed: No. 2636 at Llantrisant, 2637 and 2639 at Swindon, 2638 at Cardiff and 2640 at Newport. The 7ft single No. 1122 Beaconsfield rebuilt with Belpaire firebox and domeless boiler. Six-coupled tender engines Nos. 354, 602, 662, 781, 880 and 892 rebuilt with Belpaire fireboxes. No.b 3021 Wigmore Castle fitted with wooden templates to assess whether bpossible to fit outside cylinders.

Four-cylinder express locomotives, L. & S. W. R. 132. illustration..
Drummond 4-2-2-0 fitted with special Drummond steam sanding gear and double slide bars. Large bogie tender.

Notable runs. 132.
Visit by King Edward to Keele Hall in Staffordshire via Whitmore station, 147¾ miles from Euston. Outward on 11 July No. 1915 Implacable and on return on 15 July No. 1942 King Edward VII. Driver Ben Tobinson waqs in charge on both journeys. In connection with the Royal Agricultural Show at Cardiff on 26 June No. 3387 Roberts worked a return trip driven by H. Plumridgee down, with one stop at Slough in 2 hours 50 min. and back non-stop in the same time. A record run was made on the LSWR from Southampton Docks quuay side to Waterloo: 80 miles in 76 minutes. The locomotive was No. 708 driven by J. Symonds. The four coach special met the SS St. Paul and ran passengers to a Chamber of Commerce banquet on 5 June.

L.B. & S.C. R. locos. 132
New 5ft 6in radial side tank engines (0-6-2T) Nos. 517 Limpsfield. 518 Porchester, 519 Portfield and 520 Westbourne. The first was fitted with Ashton Pop valves and the remainder with two polished columns similar to those formerly used on the Highland Railway.

The B.G. locomotives of the Great Western Ry. 133-5. 3 diagrs., table.
Nasmyth Gaskell 0-6-0s WN 43-6/1842 with outside sandwich frames and bearings. They were named Hercules, Samson, Goliath and Tityos (last being illustrated in Fig. 33). Thet had 5ft coupled wheels, 16in x 18in cylinders. In February 1846 Slaughter & Co. delivered a six-coupled tank engine Avalanche built for banking. This had 5ft coupled wheels and 17in x 24in inside cylinders.This was the last locomotive to be supplied from an outside builder for eight years. Teign (illustrated in Fig. 34) and Exe are mentioned on page 133 and the main dimensions stated including 6ft 4in driving wheels of these 2-2-2s. A table from D.K. Clark's Railway machinery showed locomotive performance in terms of speed, coke and water consumption between January and May 1842 between London and Swindon average over several trips onver specific lengths by specific locomotives. Detailed examination of Great Western as originally built as a 2-2-2 (Fig. 35). It had a grate area of 22.64ft2 and a total heating surface of 1733.212. Swindon found it difficult to construct the haystack firebox. Continued page 148.

Accelerated Anglo-Scottish train service. 135.
See plate facing page 131: on 5 July 1901 the 10.00 from Euston reached Edinburgh at at 17.40 hauled from Euston to Crewe by 4-cylinder compound No. 1910 Renown to Crewe, from there to Carlisle by No.1521 Gladstone and from there by Caledonian Railway No. 899. This was a response to accelerated services on the Midland and NBR.

The Bideford, Westward Ho and Appledore Ry. 136-7. 2 illus.
Description of the route: 5½ miles from Bideford Bridge along quay as a tramway, thence to Westward Ho, location of United Service College, and on to terminate at Northaam. Appledore and Clovelly not reached. Three locomotives supplied by Hunslet: 2-4-2T with outside cylinders (12in x 18in). The coupled wheels were 3ft 3in in diameter. The total heating surface was 444ft2 and the boiler pressure was 140 psi. The photograph shows the locomotive without its screens to the wheels and motion. The tramway type passenger vehicles were supplied by Bristol Carriage & Wagon Works.

An early Shrewsbury and Chester engine. 137. illus.
Stephenson long boiler 2-4-0 built by Longridge in 1846. Its dimensions were 5ft 6in coupled wheels, 14½in x 24in cylinders and total heating surface 788ft2. The locomotive was involved in a serious accident at Rednal near Chester in June 1865 when it derailed when hauling an excursion train.

The locomotive history of the London, Chatham & Dover Ry. 138. diagram.
See page 124. R.W. Hawthorn suppled six 4-4-0STs (WN 1006-11) designed by Thomas Russell Crampton to the East Kent Railway in 1858. These had 15in x 20in outside cylinders, 5ft 6in. coupled wheels. They were named Sondes (and were known as the Sondes class), Lake, Faversham, Chatham, Sittingbourne and Crampton. Shortly after incorporation of the LCDR three single wheel locomotives were purchased from the Southern Division of the LNWR: Gadfly, Hornet and Wasp. The Wasp had a square firebox and a type of combusion chamber with tubes about 18in long. These locomotives were nearly worn out when acquired and stood in a siding at Canterbury before being taken to Longhedge to be broken up. The locomotive used to open the Sittingbourne & Sheerness Railway was a four-wheel tank engine named Cubitt built by Neilson &: Co. for Messrs. Morris & Crampton. It was built on the Crampton system and had 12in x 18in cylinders. Concluded page 164..

Furness Railway Co. 138.
Placing Bury locomotive No. 3, known as "coppernobs" of 1846 on a pedestal outside the Central Station in Barrow to be ready for inspection by IMechE in July.

L. & S. W. R. engines. 138.
Ten T9 4-4-0s with bogie tenders were in service: Nos. 300-305, 307 and 310-312; five more were under construction.

New engines, G.N.R. 138.
Three standard goods engines supplied Dübs & Co. (Nos. 1161-3/ WN 3945-7); two standard ten-wheeled tank engines (Nos. 1421 and 1522) and four bogie singles 267 Class Nos. 261-4..

Snäll, Eric V. Recent Swedish locomotives. 139-40. 4 illus.
Fig. 1 shows inside-cylinder two-cylinder compound built in 1897 for the Malmo Kontmenten Ry.: it had 2m diameter coupled wheels, high pressure cylinders 0.42 x 0.6m and low pressure 0.6 x 0.6; total heating surface 97.06m2 and boiler pressure 13kg/cm2. Fig. 2 shows a standard Swedish State Railways outside-cylinder "4-4-0" with a "four-wheeled radiating truck the centre of which is located between the driving axle and the trailing bogie axle".  The driving wheels were 1.88m diameter, cylinders 0.42 x 0.56m, total heating surface 112.34m2, grate area 1.98m2 and boiler pressure 10kg/cm2. Fig. 3 is a Golsdorf compound goods engine built for the Pefle-Dala Railway with an Adamson's two-wheeled pony truck. The inside cylinders were HP 0.45 x 0.61m and LP 0.68 x 0.61m; coupled wheels 1.4m diameter; 112m2 total heating surface, grate area 1.57m2 and boiler pressure 14kg/cm2. Fig. 4: Mallet two-cylinder compound for Stockholm-Nynas Railway: 4-4-2T with HP cylinder 0.46 x 0.7m and LP 0.7 x 0.7m operated by Hensinger van Waldegg's val;ve gear, 1.75m coupled wheels, 96.39m2 total heating surface and 1.92m2 grate area and boiler pressure 14kg/cm2. Continued page 188.

Hulburd's double lubricator. 141. diagr.

New G.E.R. locos. 141.
Ten further Claud Hamilton Nos. 1880-1889 had entered service with improved, larger cabs, sandboxes beneath the footplate and circular crank webs. Further six-coupled side tanks with Westinghouse brake and condensing apparatus numbered 160 to 164.

Fitting up locomotive motion etc. 141-3. 3 diagrs.
Includes notes on case-hardening. Continued p. 158.

The Carriage and Wagon Department. 144.

New rolling stock, G.N.R. 144.
Several more twelve-wheeled vestibuled cars had been built at Doncaster and were running on the 18.15 King's Cross to Bradford service formed: 1st 3rd composite with guards' compartments at both ends; dining car for both classes, 3rd class car, and 3rd class with guards' compartment, plus two 8-wheeled NER composites for Newcastle. All the cars were of the open type. An observation car had been built for the directors which ran on 4-wheel bogies and was about 50ft long with large vestibules at each end to provide a good view. New wagons painted bright vermillion and designed to run in pairs with "Express Goods" displayed in large letters were a radical development.

Glasgow Exhibition. 144.
Pickering & Co. exhibited a 25-ton bogie wagon and P. & W. Maclellan showed a steel-framed wagon.

Bogie composite carriage, South Indian Ry. 144. illus.
1st, 2nd, 3rd (for servants for 1st class passengers) composites with lavatories. Vehicle built at Negapatam Works. Classes were colour coded: white for 1st; green for 2nd; intermediate brown and yellow for 3rd.

New N.E.R. sleeping cars. 144.
Seventeen were on order, and eight had been constructed at York. These and some other passenger stock were built with six-wheel bogies and automatic couplers.

Elephant car, N.B.R. 145. diagr. (s. & end els.).
Adapted from a bogie boiler wagon by Matthew Holmes for the Savage South Africa Show.

Railway carriage & wagon construction. V. 145-6. diagr.
Kauri pine was very suitable for partitions and lining boards: it was obtained from Australia and New Zealand. Pitch pine was mainly used for step boards due to its durability. Brief notes on structure of timer, felling and seasoning.

L.  & N. W. R. engines. 146.
Ten new 5ft radial tank engines of 1560 class: Nos. 583, 586, 587, 593, 599, 624, 646, 654, 656 and 664 (Crewe WN 4135-44). Ten further standard 18in goods: Nos. 552, 553, 555, 556, 559, 560, 566, 577, 581 and 2206 (Crewe WN 4105-14).

No. 69 (September 1901)

New four-cylinder compound express engines, L.  & N. W. R. 147. illus.
Webb 4-4-0 Nos. 1941-1950 [Alfred the Great] class. Slightly larger boiler and cylinders than previous series. No. 1142 King Edward VII illustrated.

N. E. R. engines. 147.
Nos. 2111, 2113, 2114 and 2115 (Worsdell 4-6-0 type illustrated by No. 2112 on page 82). Also No. 2116 (0-8-0) was into service: it had 20 x 26in cylinders; 4ft 7¼in coupled wheels and was fitted with piston valves. Half of rhe class of twenty was to be fitted with piston valves; the remainder with slide valves.

Midland engines. 147.
Ten further standard 0-6-0 goods engines, Nos. 2681-2690 had been delivered by Neilson Reid (WN 5975-5984). Ten further condensing side tanks (2441 class: 0-6-0T) Nos. 2741-2750 supplied by Vulcan Foundry (WN 1763-1762).

New Cambrian engines. 147.
4-4-0 built at Oswestry Works with 6ft coupled wheels and 18 x 24in cylinders numbered 19. Similar to 16 locomotives built by Sharp Stewart & Co. and 4 by Robert Stephenson & Co. (running numbers printed in paragraph do not add up!). New locomotive introduced new style of painting: lining was broad gold band around panelling and boiler belts. Tender bore "Cambrian Railways" in gold letters neatly shaded and Prince of Wales feathers.

Caledonian engines. 147.
First two eight coupled goods engines were running on Southern and Ardrossan sections. Numbered 600 and 601 and had 4ft 6in coupled wheels.

Great Central engines. 147
Three more 94 class goods engines had left Gorton Works: Nos. 95-7.

G.N.R. engines. 147
Nos. 862 (6ft 6in four-coupled); No. 872 (7ft 6in single) and No. 107 (5ft 6in mixed traffic) had been rebuilt with new boilers, cabs, "etc"

L.& N.W.R. goods engines. 147
Ten further 18in goods engines had been turned out from Crewe: Nos. 225, 702, 710, 711, 725, 727, 728,, 743, 987 and 2388.

The B.G. locomotives of the Great Western Ry. 148-50. 5 diagrs.
Continued from 133-5. In 1846? the leading axle of Great Western broke near Shrivenham and it was found to have been very brittle. Fig. 36 shows it as rebuilt as a 2-2-2-2 with two leading axles. It ran in this form until December 1870 and achieved 370, 687 miles. It had a voracious appetite for oil and acquired the nickname the The Russian in the running sheds and The Mangle from the platelayers. An 0-6-0 Premier was introduced in February 1846 (Fig. 37) and this was followed by Ajax in May 1846, Argo in June 1846, Bellerophon in July 1846 (Fig. 39), Vesuvius (Fig. 38), Telica and Dreadnought in October 1846, Fury in December 1846, Bergion in January 1847, Briareus in February 1847 and Brontes and Jason in May 1847. They had 5ft diameter coupled wheels, 16 x 24in cylinders, sandwich frames, 982.18ft2 total heating surface and haystack fireboxes. Fig 40 shows 2-2-2 Sylph: this class had 7ft drivers (with one exception) and 16 x 24in cylinders. Elk and Prince were built in August 1846, Peri in November 1846, Witch (with 7ft 6in driving wheels) in December 1846, Queen in February 1847 and Sylph in March 1847. They had 16 x 24in cylinders. Continued page 185.

The locomotives of the G.E.R. 150. illus.
Illustration: facsimile of plate which showed ownership of locomotive in hands of its creditors: William Booth, John McMahon and Alexander Tracy. Since 1862 further locomotives had been acquired via the Waveney Valley Railway (1), the Wyvenhoe & Brightlingsea Railway (1), Felixstowe Railway (3) and the Thetford & Watton (7) – it also worked the Bury St Edmunds & Thetford and Watton & Swffham lines. The Westinghouse brake was the main brake in use. Continued page 180..

Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway. 150.
No. 1112, a 7ft 3in 4-4-0 of the 1093 class had been rebuilt as four cylinder compound.

American Locomotive Company. 150
Had acquired the Schenectady Locomotive Works, Brook's Locomotive Works of Dunkirk NY, Pittsburg Locomotive Works, Richmond Locomotive Works, Cooke Locomotive Works, Rhode Island Locomotive Works, Dickson Locomotive Works, and Manchester Locomotive Works.

Four-coupled express engine, Chilean State Rys. 151. illus.
4-4-0 manufactured by Dubs & Co. with 18 x 24in cylinders, 6ft 7in coupled wheels, 1171.65ft2 total heating surface and 19.22ft2 grate area. 5ft 6in gauge.

An old railway ticket. 151. 2 illus.
Bolton & Leigh Railway from Bag-Lane station: printed on thin blue paper with perforations on edges.

N.B.R. engine No. 593. 151.
Fitted with extended smokebox similar to those fitted to GWR Duke of Cornwall class.

The Works of Messrs Henschel & Sohn Cassel. 152-3. 4 illus.
Founded in 1817, but did not start locomotive building until July 1848. Fig. 1 shows Drache (Dragon) the first locomotive constructed: a 4-4-0 for the Hessian Railway with 5ft coupled wheels, 15 x 24in cylinders, 837ft2 total heating surface and 10.8ft2 grate area. Boiler pressure was 114 psi. By 1900 the firm had manufactured 5800 locomotives. Fig. 2 shows an outside cylinder 4-6-0 for the Moscow - Kazan Railway, but the cylinder dimensions given seem to be incorrect unless it was a three-cylinder machine: 19½in and 20in by 23½in. The coupled wheels were 5ft 7in diameter; the total heating surface was 1650ft2 and the grate area 25ft2. Fig. 3 shows an articulated five axle tank engine built for the Prussian State Railways for use in the Erfurt division. It had 20½in x 24½in outside cylinders, 3ft 11¼in coupled wheels, 1640ft2 total heating surface and 25ft2 grate area. Boiler pressure was 170 psi. No. 1882 (WN 4484) was illustrated. Fig. 4 showed a four-coupled crane locomotive which could be clamped to the track via "devil's claws"

New G.W/R. locos. 153.
Atbara class Nos. 3397 Colombo and 3398 Cape Town.

New L.B.& S.C.R. engines. 153.
Further Canada class: Nos. 56 Roberts, 57 Buller, 58 Kitchener, 59 Baden Powell, 60 Kimberley, 61 Ladysmith, 62 Mafeking and 63 Pretoria. New radial tank No. 556 Tadworth.

A rebuilt single, G.W.R. 154. illus.
No. 1122 Beaconsfield, 7ft single 2-2-2, had been rebuilt with a domeless Belpaire boiler of the type used for the Camel class.

Express locomotive, N.S.R. 154-5. illus.
Longbottom 2-4-0 No. 19 rebuilt at Stoke: 17 x 24in cylinders, 6ft 6in coupled wheels, 914ft2 total heating surface and 15.5ft2  grate area.

An old broad gauge flier, Great Western Ry. Plate (between pp. 154 and 155).
Express running on mixed gauge passing signal box with flag hanging out and cross-bar signal.

New express engine, N.Y.C. & H.R.R. 155. illus.
4-4-2 designed by Waitt and built at the Scenectady Locomotive Works and used on Lake Shore Limited had 21 x 26in cylinders, 6ft 7in coupled wheels, 3505ft2 total heating surface and 50ft2  grate area.

Fayle, H. The Wantage Steam Tramway. 156-7. 4 illus.
Mentions three tram cars and 4 locomotives, of which two enclosed tram engines used for passenger traffic: No. 4 was an inside-cylinder saddle tank with 7 x 12in cyclinders and 2ft 6in diameter coupled wheels; No. 6 was an outside-cylinder side tank with 6½ x 10in cylinders and 2ft 6in diameter coupled wheels. The freight locomotives were also four-coupled: No. 5 had been supplied from Crewe by the LNWR and was a former Bedford & Cambridge Railway locomotive supplied by G. England & Co. formerly Little England and had 9 x 12in cylinders and 2ft 9in diameter wheels (the information was supplied by F. Webb; No. 7 was a standard Manning Wardle with 10 x 14in cylinders and 2ft 9in wheels. The article refers optimistically to electrification.

Reviews. 157.
Practical carriage & wagon painting. M.C. Hillick. Chicago: Western Painter Press.
Great Western expresses, 1901. P.J. Vintner. Locomotive Publishing Co.
Ottley 6108: 47pp (Railway Club)

L. & S. W. R. engines. 157.
Nos. 457 Clausentum and 458 Ironside were transferred from the Docks Department to the Locomotive Department in exchange for Nos 89 Trouville and 90 Caen (named at time of transfer).

Gresham's Patent Keyl;ess Railway Chair. 157

The Railway Club. 157.
Visit to an LBSCR running shed and repair shop on Saturday 27 June.

Messrs. Brown, Marshalls & Co., Saltley. 157
Three trains supplied to Soudan Railway: each formed of six 45ft bogie carriages for 3ft 6in gauge.

Fitting up locomotive motion &c. 158-9. diagr.
Previous part see p. 141

L.&N.W.Ry Metropolitan trains. 159.
Incandescent lights for first class compartments on Broad Street to Mansion House service to assist reading.

The carriage and wagon department. 160-2.

Railway carriage & wagon construction. V. 161-2. 2 diagrs.
Log stacking for seasoning.

Number 70 (October 1901)

The "Orient Express" entering Constantinople. Plate fp. 163.

Eight-coupled mineral engine, Caledonian Railway. 163, illus.
0-8-0: No. 600 illustrated: 4ft 6in coupled wheels; 21 x 26in cylinders; 2500ft2 total heating surface; 180 psi boiler pressure. Fitted with Westinghouse brake for hauling 30 ton bogie wagons.

Great Central engines. 163
New goods engines Nos. 973-5 with large boilers and fireboxes and new type of cabs had entered service. They were painted black picked out in red.

New L.B. & S.C.R. engines. 163
Following new deliveries of Canada class: Nos. 64 Windsor, 65 Sandringham, 66 Balmoral, 67 Osborne, 68 Marlborough, 69 Bagshot, 70 Holyrood, 71 Sussex, 72 Goodwood, 73 Westminster, and 74 Cornwall. Radial tank No. 557 Northlands had been built at Brighton Works,

North Eastern engines. 163.
T class 0-8-0 Nos. 2115 and 2116 had entered service from Gateshead Works. No. 222 had been fitted with a leading bogie in place of single axle and been provided with new cylinders and piston valves.

Great Western engines. 162.
New Atbara class: Nos. 3399 Dunedin, 3400 Durban, 3401 Gibraltar, 3402 Halifax, 3403 Hobart, 3405 Lyttleton and 3406 Mauritius. All had nameplates around splashers. The two engines mentioned last month should have been 3397 Cape Town and 3398 Colombo.

The locomotive history of the London, Chatham & Dover Ry. 164-5. 3 diagrams.
Continued from page 138, Purchase of 0-4-0T (wing tank) with inside frame and inside cylinders from R. & W. Hawthorn for shunting named Magnus. 4ft coupled wheels and 13 x 18in cylinders. Due to frequent derailments the locomotive was converted to an 0-4-2T and renamed Magnet. Scrapped at Longhedge Works in 1881. An 0-6-0 with inside cylinders (12 x 18in) and inside frames and 4ft coupled wheels was purchased from Brotherhood of Chippenham and named Swale. It had an iron firebox and iron tubes and did not steam well: once it took 3 hours to haul the Duke of Cambridge the 35 miles from London to Chatham. It was withdrawn in 1881 and there is no illustration. Two 2-2-2 tender engines were supplied by R. & W. Hawthorn in (WN 942/1855 and 943/1855) for passenger traffic. These had inside 14 x 18in cylinders and outside frames; the driving wheels were 5ft 9in diameter. They were named Meteor and Eclipse and were similar to Hawthorn locomotives borrowed from the GNR and illustrated in Fig. 1 (p. 124). Eclipse was involved in a derailment at the end of 1860 near Teynham in which the driver and fireman were killed. William Martley was appointed Locomotive Superintendent in April 1860. Previously he had been District Locomotive Superintendent for the South Wales Division of the GWR. 

Summer train services of 1901.  165.
Tables of  100 miles or more non-stop runs (longest Paddington to Exeter) and fastest booked runs: fastest Caledonian Railway Forfar to Perth 59.1 mile/h, followed by Darlington to York at 59 mile/h.

The Orient Express. 166-8. 4 illus.
Left Paris Gare de l'Est at 19.08; at Avricourt it passed onto German territory

L. & N. W. R. engines. 168.
Two foue-cylinder compounds, Nos. 1944 and 1945, were stationed at Carlisle. Four DX 0-6-0s transferred to the Norty Staffordshire Railway were 114a (79), 115a (1740), 116a (423) and 117a (744). DX Nos. 540, 1459 and 1798 were sold to the Malines-Terneuzen Railway in Belgium.

G.W.R. engines. 168
Goods engines rebuilt with new boilers and Belpaire fireboxes: Nos. 43, 80, 435. 671, 1113, 1201 and 1206. Name of 7ft 6in single No. 3057 changed from Tartar to Walter Robinson.

Eight-coupled mineral engine, N.E.R. 169-70. illus.
Wilson Worsdell 0-8-0 constructed at Gateshead Works with 4ft 7¼in coupled wheels, 20 x 26in outside cylinders with piston valves, 21.5ft2 grate area and 1699ft2 total heating surface. No. 2116 illustrated.

Four-cylinder compound, L. & Y. R. 170. illus.
Hoy 4-4-0 No. 1112 built with two high pressure outside cylinders (125/8 x 24in) and two low pressure inside cylinders (215/8 x 26in).

Royal Train. 170
Train which conveyed the Czar of Russia and President Loubet from Dunkirk to Compiègne was hauled by locomotive No. 3198, a Nord four-cylinder compound 4-6-0. The pilot engine was No. 3199. No. 3198 was decorated with the Russian and French flags.

G. N. of S. Ry. 170.
Inverurie Works nearly complete: noted future use of electric power thereat.

Diagrams fo train working. 171-2. 2 diagrs.

Great Northern engines. 172.
New bogie single express locomotives stationed at Grantham: Nos. 92, 100, 261 and 262 (WN 934-7) and Nos. 103-4 (WN 938-9) at London.

L. & S. W. R. engines. 172.
Five new four-cylinder express engines, Nos. 369-73 at work.

Boiler washing and testing apparatus. 172. diagr.
Rue Manufacturing Co. of Philadelphia equipment for hot water washing out and refilling: see also 8, 230.

G.E.R. engines. 172.
Ten new 0-6-0T numbered 160-9. Two more large goods engines (0-6-0) Nos. 1170-1 had been built at Stratford Works with large cabs similar to 1880 class.

The Ravenglass & Eskdale Ry. 173. 2 illus.
3ft gauge line "operated in a very leisurely way" worked by two Manning Wardle outside cylinder 0-6-0Ts Devon and Nab Gill (latter illustrated). Coupled wheels 2ft 9in diamater. 10 x 16in cylinders.

The Railway Club. 173.
On 3 September 1901 C. Rous-Marten spoke on Railway observations: their subjects, objects and methods.

Reviews. 173.

Locomotive boiler making. 174-5. diagr.
Specifications and tests for boiler plates made from mild steel, although a few were still being manufactured from Yorkshire iron. Drilling holes

The carriage and wagon department. 176-8.

Mail train, Southern Mahratta Ry. 176-7. illus.

Railway carriage & wagon construction. V1. 178. diagr.
Artificial seasoning versus natural seasoning for timber.

Number 71 (November 1901)

An old double-ender. 179. illus.
2-4-2T White Raven built in 1863 for the St. Helen's Railway by James Cross at the Sutton Engine Works. It had 5ft 1in coupled wheels, 15 x 20in cylinders, 16.25ft2 grate area, 687ft2 total heating surface. Working pressure 140 psi. Adams radial axles. Experimentally used on North London Railway. When taken over by LNWR was converted at Crewe into a tender engine and used on services to Shrewsbury and Stafford and finally on wool specials between Crewe and Huddersfield.

G.N.R. engines. 179.
Nos. 265, 268, 269 and 270, completing the ten 7ft 6in singles were into service and 5ft 6in single single side tanks Nos. 1521-30 were also in service: latter had 18 x 26in cylinders.

The locomotives of the G.E.R. 180. diagr.
Continued from page 150: prior to conversion to standard gauge 44 locomotives were built for the Eastern Counties and Northern & Eastern Railways.

Diagrams fo train working. 181.  2 diagrs.

Six-coupled goods locomotive, G.C.R. 182. illus.

New M.G.W.R. of Ireland stock. 182.

Six-coupled tank engine, Lynton and Barnstaple Ry. 183. diagr.

Four-coupled tank locomotive. 183. illus.
A. Barclay & Sons outside cylinder 2-4-0T with 12 x 18in cylinders, 4ft 1in coupled wheels, 454.25ft2 total heating surface, working pressure 120 psi.

The Dingwall & Skye Railway. 2 illus., diagr.
Gradient profile; photographs of very new Kyle of Lochalsh station and 4-4-0 Skye bogie No. 88.

The B.G. locomotives of the Great Western Ry. 185-9. 2 diagrs.
Continued from page 150 (148-50) Continued page 200.

Snäll, Eric V. Recent Swedish locomotives. 188-9. 4 illus.
Continued from pp. 139-40. Nydkvist & Hohn of Trollhättan manufactured locomotives. Fig. 5: narrow gauge (890mm) 4-4-0 passenger engine for the Vestergötland-Gothenburg Railway with 335 x 460mm cylinders, 1200mm coupled wheels, boiler heating surface 56m2, grate area 0.9m2 and 11kg/cm2 working pressure. Fig. 6: (600th locomotive constructed by Nydkvist & Hohn) 4-4-0 passenger engine for the Bergslagernas Ry main line from Gothenburg to Falnu with 432 x 610mm inside cylinders, 1700mm coupled wheels, 92.5m2 heating surface, grate area 1.5m2 and working at 10kg/cm2. Fig. 7: 2-4-2T, one of five built in 1893-7 for the Stockholm-Saltsjöbachu Ry by Atlas of Stochholm with outside cylinders and pony trucks at both front and rear. Fitted with Lentz cylindrical corrugated firebox. 350 x 500mm cylinders, 1500m diameter coupled wheels, 55.5m2 heating surface, grate area 0.9m2 and working pressure 12kg/cm2. Fig. 8: 0-4-0T industrial locomotive built by Atlas for Storviks Sulphite Co. with outside cylinders and valve gear and Lentz boiler.

New express engines, G.C.Ry. 189.
Sharp Stewart & Co. delivered first five new express engines Nos. 1013-17 fitted with Belpaire fireboxes and enlarged cabs.

L.&N.W.Ry. engines. 189.
Further lot of 18in cylinder goods engines Crewe WN 4165-74 given running Nos. 755, 759, 774, 776, 800, 801, 812, 1298, 2121 and 2227 (last three were replacements for Coal engines which had been scrapped). Ten more eight-coupled goods engines: Crewe WN 4155-64 and RN 1881-90.

Locomotive boiler making. 190-1. 3 diagrs.

Reviews. 191.
The history of the North Eastern Ry. Co's Coat-of-Arms. Edwin F. Wilkinson and J. Foster Stackhouse. Leeds: McCorquodale & Co.
Ottley 7030 with incorrectly estimated publication date of 1924 (but copy seen at British transport Commission Historical Records). Stackhouse produced the sketches.

The carriage and wagon department.  192-3.

Railway carriage & wagon construction. VII. 192. 6 diagrs.
Stacking timber during seasoning and shrinkage.

Spiral springs under goods wagons. 193. illus.
Photograph shows GER 5-plank wagon with steel underframe with helical springs and McCord dampeners supplied by Taite & Carlton.

Mr D. Bain. 193.
Formerly of NER appointed to succeed T. Clayton as Carriage & Wagon Superintendent of the Midland Railway.

Correspondence. 194.
The BG locos, of the G.W.R. and the locomotive history of the L. C. & D. R. F.S.H.
When letter writer went to the Swindon Works in 1862 there was an old tank engine named Viper in the yard with inside frames and single driving wheels, not outside frames as shown in Fig. 16, page 62, the accuracy of which you say is doubtful. The Great Western remained to the last, as shown in Fig. 36, page 148, except that its regulator was altered to the broad gauge standard pattern of a slide in the smokebox, worked by means of a transverse lever at the back of the firebox, pulling outwards. The Elk class, Fig. 40, page 149, had their regulators altered to the dome, worked by a handle with a sector at the back of the firebox In the usual manner. The Peri of this class was placed in the Wolverhampton district, where Joseph Armstrong put in new cylinders with the steam chest between them, and a direct acting Stephenson link motion instead of the rocking shafts which were retained in the other five engines. He also added side plates to protect the men from the wind, and I think a weather plate with glasses, but of this I am not certain. These enzines were remarkable at that penod for their high speed, and they did good service for many years between Didcot and Birmingham, running trains in opposition to those of the LNWR. With reference to the locomotive history of tile London, Chatham & Dover Ry., page 164. October number. I went to Longhedge Works from Swindon in September, 1864, and the Swale was altered into a tank engine after that date, as I remember doing some of the work for it in the fitting and machine shop. It had a dome, with a painted iron cap, which passed through the saddle tank. The Maznus had a pair of trailing wheels added previous to the date mentioned above,.but I do not think its name was altered to Magnet until Wm. Kirtley was the locomotive superantendent. Both these engines were used for shunting passenger trains at Victoria Station. The Meteor and Eclipse had been converted into side tank engines before I went to Longhedge in 1864, and worked between Beckenham and Crystal Palace (Low Level).

The Orient Express. K. v. Golsdorf.
In October number there are some points needing correction in your article descriptive of the run of the Orient Express. You state that a six-coupled compound is employed to haul the train from Linz to Vienna, whereas on that section we use engines of the same type as you mention as bringing the express from Salzburg to Linz, namely., large four-coupled compounds of my system and design, series 106. Again, on the section Vienna to Marchegg the engine spoken of and illustrated is stated to be a compound on my system, This is not so, for although greatly resembling my engines of the series 106, these .under notice are simple engines built under the supervision of Mr. D. Gerstner, superintendent of motive power of the Oesterrichische Staats Eisenbahn Gesellschaft.

New L. B. & S. C. Ry. engines. 194.
Nos. 558 Chiltington and 559 Framfield were latest radial tanks (0-6-2T) built at the Brighton shops.

The punctual Great Eastern. 194.
On Saturday, 12 October, all the "business" trains (8-11 a.m.) arrived at the Liverpool St. terminus on time with the exception of one, which was 2 minutes late, This, of course, means the departures were also correspondingly exact, and as some 160 trains were concerned, it probably represents a record. for our chief London suburban railway.

Number 72 (December 1901)

Petroleum oil fuel: the engine of the King Edward's Royal Train, No. 1885, G.E.R. plate fp. 195.

"Atbara" class express engines, G.W.R. 195. illustration.

The locomotives of the G.E.R. 196. 2 diagrs.
Two Braithwaite, Milner & Co. 0-4-0 goods engines, as shown in Fig. 2, were built for the Eastern Counties Railway in 1839. They had 5ft diameter coupled wheels and 14 x 18in cylinders with piston valves.  

Petroleum fuel on  locomotives. 197.
Increasing availability of oil fuel from Borneo and Texas and the viability of the Holden system as used on the Great Eastern Railway even for the Royal Train between London and Sandringham hauled by Claud Hamilton 4-4-0s.

L. & S. W. R. engines. 197.
New 300 Class (T9) 4-4-0 from Nine Elms Works: Nos. 313, 314 and 338; and with water tube fireboxes Nos. 337 and 338. Correspondingly numbered Beyer Peacock 0-6-0s renumbered in duplicate list. Following engines fitted with "new standard chimney": 184, 213, 0302, 0351, 388.

New locomotives for the Egyptian Railways. 198. illustration.
Dübs Atlantics (4-4-2) with 20 x 26in cylinders, 6ft coupled wheels, 2008ft2 total heating surface, and 26ft2 grate area.

New N.E.R. eight coupled goods engines. 198.
Three further T class 0-8-0s built at Gateshead: Nos. 2119-21. No. 994 compound 0-6-0 rebuilt as simple.

The Royal Tour of the Empire. 198-9. 2 illustrations, plan
Long tour by the Duke and Duchess of York, then Prince and Princess of Wales, which had begun in March and ended on 2 November and had covered 45,000 miles, 12,000 of which were by rail. Plan of Queensland Government Railways Royal Train, photograph of Canadian Pacific Railway Royal Train hauled by large 4-4-2 Atlantic, and LBSCR 4-4-0 Empress decorated for return journey from Portsmouth? See also erratum in Volume 7 pagr 4.

The B.G. locomotives of the Great Western Ry. 200-1. 2 diagrams., table.
Continued from page 185. Fig. 43 shows 0-6-0 Pyracmon which was built at Swindon in 1847. Other members of the class were Caliban, Mammoth, Behemoth, Alligator and Steropes (last output from Swindon in 1848). They had 16 x 24in cylinders, 5ft coupled wheels, a total heating surface of 1255.73ft2 and 18.44ft2 grate area. Boiler pressure was 115 psi. Between June 1848 and March 1851 sixteen large eight-wheeled (that is twin front axles and single driving wheel) were built similar to the Iron Duke. These were Courier, Tartar, Dragon, Warlock, Wizard, Rougemont and Hirondelle of 1848; Tornado, Swallow and Timour of 1849; Prometheus, Perseus, Estafette and Rover of 1850 and Amazon and Lord of the Isles of 1851.

New engines for the Hull & Barnsley Ry. 201.
Kitson & Co. were supplying ten six-coupled side tanks with domeless boilers and 20 x 26in cylinders.

Reviews. 202.
A Manual of Locomotive Engineering. 2nd edition. W.F. Pettigrew and A.F. Ravenshear. Charles Griffin.
Criticism of lack of revision and notes some errors.The early advent of a second edition of the above comprehensive work fully confirms the good opinion we had of it when first noticed in Volume 4. Clearly and amply illustrated, the book forms a complete treatise on the modern locomotive. with all its latest improvements, and as onc of ihe authors isa locomotive engineer of experience and standing its value for reference is greatly enhanced. In this edition we notice some corrections to the matter of the first, and many additions to the diagrams in the shape of latest types. When referring to the 900 class of the Caledonian we think the author confuses some of the dimensions with those of "Dunalastair II." Unless we are mistaken these engines have boilers with 1,600 sq. fr. of heating surface and carry 200 lbs. steam pressure. It is strange, too, the newer types of L. B. & S. C. R. locomotives are quite neglected, and one of the uninitiated looking through the appendix B would be under the impression that the company was still minus the standard four-coupled bogie express engine, and had not yet adopted cast steel wheel centres. Appendix C has apparently not undergone sufficient revision to make it correct for 1901

Practical workshop mechanics. Wallace Bentley, Halifax: Bentley Publishing Co.,
A capital little handbook, giving many rules and memoranda useful to the practical engineer. Wheel gear, belts and pulleys, screws, etc, are all lucidly dealt with, and tables of weights and measures included.

The indicator handbook. C.N. Pickworth. Parts I and II. Manchester: Emmott & Co.
The two volumes mentioned certainly fill any want which has been hitherto felt for a reliable guide to the steam indicator and its diagrams, In Part 1. the mechanism is investigated 'and explained, all likely causes of error being carefully pointed out. In Part II. the diagrams taken are fully discussed and explained, as well as the methods of measuring, etc. Diagrams from steam and gas engines are reviewed, as well as those taken from air compressing machinery. The work is well illustrated, and we have confidence in recommending it to all practical men. As a suggestion we would like to see in a future edition the rigging shown for a standard British locomotive, and also the author's analysis of some locomotive diagrams.

Chisholm, A.J. The Garstang & Knott End Ry. and its locomotives. 202. illustration.
Ran from Garstang and Catterall, a station on the London and North-Western main line (a few miles north of Preston) to Pilling, a Lancashire village. It was originally intended to carry the line on from Pilling to the coast. The objective point was Knott End, which. is immediately opposite Fleetwood, and connected thereto by a ferry .. The capital raised by the Garstang & Knott End Co. was, unfortunately, insufficient to complete the scheme, consequently Pilling is the terminus. At the time the article was written the line terminated at Pilling and the locomotive stock was limited to two Nos. 1 Jubilee Queen and 2 New Century (latter illustrated). Latter was an outside cylinder 0-6-0ST built by Hudswell Clarke & Co. in 1900. It had 15 x 20in cylinders and 3ft 6in coupled wheels. It was painted dark red lined black white and red. The boiler pressure was 140 psi.

Haydock Colliery locomotives. 203-4. illustration., diagram.
Jonah Evans design of outside cylinder 0-6-0ST built at Haydock Foundry. The first four were named: Hercules, Amazon, Bellerophon and Makerfield and atarted work in 1871. Two further, numbers 5 Pan and 6 Golborne were constructed later.. The motion was unusual and differed between the first two (a form of Stephenson with open links) and the remainder (Gooch's box links) and further differed in that the eccentrics were set at right angles to the drag crank. The locomotives operated over the lines from the collieries onto lines of the LNWR and GCR.

An extraordinary big wheel locomotive. 204. illustration, diagram.
2-4-0 with 9ft 4in (2.85m) coupled wheels and 16½ x 31½in cylinders constructed by Gourin to the design of Blavier and Larpent for the French Western Railway. Named L'Aigle; it was exhibited at the 1855 Paris Exhibition. It had a remarkably small boiler shown in diagram. Photograph of locomotive.

The locomotives of the London and India Dock Co. 204-5. 2 illustrations.
The first locomotives came from Southampton where they had been used in the docks. These were Alex. Shanks & Son 0-4-0STs with 10 x 20in outside cylinders. They were originally named Victoria and Albert, but were numbered 9 and 10, and subsequently 16 and 17: the former was sold to a Dartford cement works, whilst the latter had been partially dismantled at the South Dock shed.  Nos. 1-4 were 0-6-0STs constructed by Dübs (WN 1438-41) in 1881. These had 15 x 20in outside cylinders, 3ft 6in coupled wheels and 120 psi boilers. They were being rebuilt with 130 psi boilers.

Locomotive water gauges. 206. diagram
Manufactured by Charles Winn of Birmingham.

Electric torch lamp. 206. illus.

The Letterkenney & Burtonport Ry. (Ireland). 206.
Four locomotives on order from Andrew Barclay, Sons & Co.

A Russian local train. 206-7. 3 illus., diagram.
Branch line between Baku and Sabunki on the Transcaucasian Railway heavy trains were operated with reuired two locomotives to be used working tender to tender and oil-fired: the locomotives were supplied by the Yorkshire Engine Co. in 1869-70.

Locomotive boiler making. 208-9. 5 diagrams.
Fabrication of domes, fooundation and firehole rings.

The carriage and wagon department. 210-11.

Bogie wagons on British Rys. 210-11. 3 illustrations.
Flat floored steel car designed to carry 30 tons of coal or 32 tons of denser material and 32 ton self-discharging coal hopper wagon constructed by the Darlington Wagon Company to the designs of Sheffield & Twinberrow for the NER. Twelve further wagons of the type were on order. Also Pickering 25 ton bogie wagon shown at the Glasgow Exhibition. It had a capacity of 25 tons and ran on diamond frame bogies.

1st class carriage, N. Western Railway, India. 211. illustration.
Four wheel carriage with two compartments each fitted with a lavatory.

G.E.R. 211.
Widening suburban carriages to seat six by splitting at centre and inserting a strip.

G.N.R. 211.
Two special express goods trains run daily from King's Cross to the North formed of covered wagons with screw couplings and automatic barkes limited to 24 vehicles plus rear brake and ran at passenger speeds.

L. B. & S. C. R. 211.
Experiments in passenger livery: No. 23 (1st class) painted dark green for lower panels and white tinted emerald green for upper panels: striping yellow with a fine vermillion line to separate the stripe from the dark green. No. 115 (1st class) painted with lower panels dark olive green and the upper panels the same yellow as the locomotives.

Railway carriage & wagon construction. VIII. 212  5 diagrs.
Defects in timber.

Correspondence. 212.
St. Helens.
When White Raven went to Crewe in 1864 it was numbered 1387. It was altered to 1226 in 1867, to 1818 in 1872, 20 3040 in 1886 before being scrapped in 1888.