British locomotive manufacturers
The arrangement is alphabetical (surnames beginning):
This file originated in Lowe's remarkable British steam locomotive builders (since withdrawn from Norfolk's dismal book collection) and its supplement, but has been augmented by reference to other studies, including some not cited by Lowe. This file excludes the workshops of railway companies which are treated separately. It also excludes names of inventors, etc who did not actually build anything, although the presence of such material in Lowe has been used to enrich the file on mechanical engineers, Atkins' The golden age of steam locomotive building. 1999. is a highly useful general survey and the bibliography has been used to enhance the Lowe material. A few key suppliers to the industry, such as Gresham & Craven, are also included. In future (from July 2007) American and Continental suppliers to British railway companies will be included..
Atkins, [C.] Philip The golden age of steam locomotive building. Penryn: Atlantic (in association with NRM), 1999.128pp.
The development of locomotive manufacturing in the United Kingdom: an illustrated history with an extensive bibliography. He is Librarian of the NRM. The excellent bibliography has been raided to get this section going..
British Locomotive builders, past and present, Loco. Rly Car. Wagon Rev., 1927, 33, 130-2; 163-4.
Channon, Geoffrey. Railways in Britain and the United States, 1830-1940: studies in economic and business history. 2001.
Academic work which includes a study of locomotive building in Britain and the United States prior to 1900 and the question of to internalization. Very extensive literature references and bibliography (some of which should be included in steamindex)
Lowe, J.W. British Steam Locomotive Builders, , Goose & Son, 1975, 704p
An amazingly extensive work, but the bibliography fails to cite either Ottley or Jones which may indicate that the information is older than the publication date. The book is probably most valuable for obscure building locations, such as the Highbridge works of the Somerset & Dorset Railway and least useful where more comprehensive studies exist (Crewe, Derby and Swindon, for instance).
Rutherford, Michael. Locomotive manufacturing. BackTrack, 1993, 7, 12-18.
Historical overview of British locomotive exports to India, Africa, Latin America and Australia set against general socio-political background within these countries, such as British-owned nitrate mines and railways in Chile. Illus include NBL 4-cylinder 2-10-0 for GIP; NBL 4-cylinder compound 4-6-2 for Bengal-Nagpur Railway; Kerr Stuart brake locomotive for Sao Paulo Railway; Kitson-Meyer 4670 on Chilean Transandine Railway; Sao Paulo NBL 4-cylinder 4-6-0 of 1913; PS-11 3-cylinder Pacific, with British Caprotti valve gear, being shipped from Gladstone Dock, Liverpool, on 10 September 1950 to Central Argentine Railway.
Thomas, John. The Springburn story. Dawlish: David & Charles, 1964.
Generally considered to be his best book., probably because of its warm, Glaswegian folksy character as exemplified by an extract from some of the early pages in the book. Describes the several railway workshops in the Springburn area of Glasgow, including NBL.
Abbot, John & Co. Ltd. Park Iron Works, Gateshead
Reputed to have constructed locomotive for their own use (Lowe).
Abbott & Co.
Lowe could not locate firm which had constructed No. 29 Planet for York & North Midland Railway. In Locomotive Mag., 1927, 33, 130 list: British locomotive manufacturers, past and present.
ABC Coupler & Engineering, Wolverhampton
Marketed Lockyer double beat regulator (Hoole: Illustrated history of NER locomotives). John Mitchell Managing Director 1918-32.
Adams, W. Bridges, Fairfield Works, Fairfield
William Bridges Adams: Lowe tabulates the output of locomotives from the Fairfield Works and illustrates Whirlwind (an 0-2-2) built for the Cork & Bandon Railway. The firm promoted the concept of "light locomotives" and steam railcars. William Alexander Adams, son of William Bridges Adams, was also involved in the Fairfield Works, In Locomotive Mag., 1927, 33, 130 list: British locomotive manufacturers, past and present..
Adamson, Daniel & Co. Newton Moor Iron
Works, Hyde, Manchester
According to Lowe boiler manufacture was the main activity and Adamson was an early advocate of steel for boiler construction. Ahrons (p. 166) notes that boilers with steel fireboxes were supplied to Maryport & Carlisle Railway in about 1862. Lowe lists output of locomotives between 1866 and 1896 and illustrates Oldham, an 0-4-0T supplied to Platt Bros. Others were supplied to the Oakley Slate Quarry in North Wales and were constructed to the 1ft 11½ gauge. The standard gauge locomotives had rectangular buffers which were rubber cushioned. In Locomotive Mag., 1927, 33, 130 list: British locomotive manufacturers, past and present. See also Locomotive Mag., 1917, 23, 67.
Born in Shildon on 30 April 1820. He could just remember being present at the opening in 1825 of the Stockton and Darlington Railway. Leaving school in 1833 on his thirteenth birthday, he became a pupil of Timothy Hackworth, under whose pupilage he remained until 1841. Afterwards he served under William Bouch, as draughtsman and superintendent of stationary engines at the Shildon Engine Works, until in 1847 he became general manager of the works at the age of twenty-seven. This position he resigned in 1849, in order to become general manager of the Heaton Foundry, Stockport, where he remained for the next two years. In 1851 he commenced business on his own account as a manufacturing engineer, ironfounder, and boiler-maker, at Newton Wood and Newton Moor Iron Works, near Manchester, where he carried on an increasing business for twenty-one years, until the works became too small. In 1872 he erected new and more commodious engineering works at Hyde Junction, Dukinfield, near Manchester, which subsequently were greatly enlarged, and were fitted with the most modern machinery ; they now cover nearly four acres, and eniploy over six hundred men.. His engineering career was distinguished by his introduction of several valuable innovations, In 1852 he introduced flange-seam flues to enable Cornish and Lancashire boilers to carry higher steam-pressures. America. He was perhaps best known as the pioneer in introducing steel for engineering purposes in 1857 and 1858, more particularly in the construction of locomotive and other boilers; although for niany ycars he was alone in using it, he persevered in its employment, until now the application of steel has completely superseded that of iron in Adamson's works, and has generally come more and more into favour. Up to the present time his firm has made considerably over 3,000 steel boilers for working at pressures varying from 50 to 250 psi .. In 1858 he also applied hydraulic power to lifting jacks and to the riveting of metallic structures. During 1861 and 1862 he designed a triple-expansion conipound engine. In connection with compound engines he also introduced improvements in the superheating of the steam in its passage between the cylinders. In 1873 he built and worked a quadruple-expansion compound engine for economising steam and saving fuel. To these practical efforts in the direction of higher steam-pressure and greater expansion may probably be ascribed much of the success attending the adoption of the triple-expansion marine engine, which is now such a marked feature of marine engineering. In the manufacture of steam boilers he introduced in 1862 the practice of drilling instead of punching the rivet holes, and of chilling them through the two plates together, after the plates had been bent into position. This method of drilling the holes is now universally demanded in the practice of boiler-making. He was a major promotor ofb the Manchester Ship Canal. He died at his home in Didsbury on 30 March 1890.. Obituary: Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs., 1890, 41, 167-80..
Airdrie Iron Co., Standard Works, Airdrie
Lowe estimates that between twenty and thirty locomotives were constructed from 1869 (supplied to Drumgray Coal Co.) and 1913 when works closed. Two illustrated including Glasgow Corporation Gas Works No. 5 (0-6-0ST). In Locomotive Mag., 1927, 33, 130 list: British locomotive manufacturers, past and present..
Alan Keef Ltd.
Allan Andrews & Co., Britannia Engineering
Commenced building locomotives, mainly 0-4-0ST type in 1870s. (Lowe). Became Andrews, Barr & Co in about 1878 and Barr, Morrison & Co. by 1882. Taken over by Dick, Kerr & Co. in about 1883, but locomotive construction continued. Lowe illustrates No. 8 of Carron Co. of Falkirk and an 0-4-2ST for export in 1882. Lowe estimated total output at 35 to 40 locomotives. Robin Barnes painting of 0-4-0SE which worked at Bridgeness No. 6 Colliery alongside Forth near Bo'ness see Backtrack, 2020, 34, 360/
Anderson, Alex & Son Ltd. Carfin Boiler
Built locomotive boilers for firms such as Gibb & Hogg. Conducted heavy locomotive repairs. 0-4-0ST (o/c) Hare attributed to firm, but more likely built Gibb & Hogg and rebuilt by Anderson: sold to Newlandside Quarry, Co. Durham in 1908.. (Lowe Fig 7)
Andrews Barr & Co. see Allan Andrews & C
Appleby Bros., Southwark, London
Charles James Appleby: Builder of cranes and Dredgers, etc: also one 2ft 8in gauge locomotive for Robert Campbell of Faringdon in 1871 and named Edith (Fig. 8). Lowe questions whether actually built at Works which had been in East Greenwich since 1866.
Armstrong, W. G. & Co. Newcastle
see separate file
Ashman, William, Radstock
See under engineers
Associated Locomotive Equipment Co. Ltd.
Built poppet valve gears for steam locomotives including British-Caprotti and Lentz Rotary Cam and Oscillating Cam systems and cast iron and steel locomotive cylinders. Tony Thomas of Worcester, a former Heenan's employee, who worked at ALE in the 1950s advises that the Company had only a handful of employees who mostly worked on selling Britsh-Caprotti products and spares. Actual manufacture being sub-contracted to Heenan & Froude Ltd.
Atkinson-Walker Waggons Ltd. Frenchwood Works,
Locomotives were built between 1926 and 1931. According to Lowe most of the information has been lost, but about 25 locomotives were built (both 0-4-0 and 0-6-0) and were similar in many respects to Atkinson steam wagons: vertical boilers, Uniflow cylinders (vertical) and roller chain drive. Later output was fitted with poppet valves. Customers included the Singapore Municipal Council, the Clogher Valley Railway (see: Patterson's Clogher Valley Railway), A.R. Briggs (Fig. 13), Shap Granite, Ivybridge China Clay. See alsi Allen. The Atkinson Walker steam locomotive. Locomotive Mag., 1928, 34, 207.
Aveling & Porter Ltd. Rochester
Lowe estimates that about 130 locomotives were constructed by a firm which is extremely well-known for its traction engines and steam rollers. The firm was founded by Thomas Aveling as an agricultural engineering business. It began by repairing portable engines, and by converting new portable engines into road locomotives by substituting a revolving road-shaft for the ordinary axle, wider and stronger wheels, and the addition of a pitch-chain to transmit the power from the crankshaft. The earlier engines were without steering gear, a single horse in shafts serving to steer them. The first patent for pitch-chain driving-gear was taken out in 1859, the object being to take up slack due to chain wear, without affecting the pitch-line of the gearing. The first traction engines were manufactured in 1861. In 1860 he had exhibited a self-moving engine at the Royal Agricultural Society's Show at Canterbury; In 1861, at the Leeds Show of the Society, he exhibited for the first time an engine entirely of his own manufacture. It was at this period that he was joined by Porter, and by Aveling's son, Thomas Lake Aveling In 1864 the traction engine type was modified to run on rails and construction of this type continued until 1926. The firm always aimed at simplicity and strength. Two cylinders were not used if one would do. By placing the crankshaft aft, and the cylinder forward, he secured two advantages: first dry steam when most wanted, i.e. when pulling up hill; and secondly, the fly-wheel within reach of the driver, should he carelessly let the crank stop on the centre. Seeing that one of the most important elements of success in road locomotives was a supply of dry steam to the cylinder, he arranged a steam-jacket in such a way as to serve for a dome; and in later years he substituted wrought-iron brackets (formed by continuing upwards and backwards the side plates of the firebox) for the cumbrous cast-iron brackets previously in use, thereby greatly increasing the strength of the engines and their immunity from breakdowns. Aveling introduced steam for military use: "steam sappers" were adopted by the Artillery and Royal Engineers Two chain driven locomotives were supplied to the Duke of Buckingham for use on the Wootton Tramway: one is preserved by London Transport. In association with Alfred Grieg the Aveling-Greig Street Tram Engine was marketed. In Locomotive Mag., 1927, 33, 130 list: British locomotive manufacturers, past and present.. See also Andrew Neale. Traction engine locomotives. Archive, 2015 (87) 2-21 and Macnair From road unto rail. Backtravk, 2020, 34, 164..
Avonside Engine Co. Ltd.
Names beginning Ba
Bagnall, W.G. Ltd., Stafford
Baguley, E.E. Ltd, Burton
Baird, Archibald & Company, Hamilton
Appendix II Scottish locomotive builders: Glasgow Museum of Transport: Scottish railway locomotives. 1967. In Locomotive Mag., 1927, 33, 130 list: British locomotive manufacturers, past and present.
Baldwin Locomotive Works, USA
Atkins, Philip. The golden age of steam locomotive building. Penryn: Atlantic (in association with NRM), 1999. 128pp.
Includes Chapter 3: The Locomotive Famine 1898-1900.
Hunt, David. Locomotive builders to the Midland Railway. Midland Record, (21), 111-26.
Baldwin supplied the Midland Railway with 2-6-0 locomotives during the "Great Locomotive Famine"
Balmforth Bros., Peel Ings Foundry, Rodley
Manufacturers of steam cranes. Also built at least three vertical boiler locomotives in about 1876: two for Piel & Walney Gravel Co and another to a firm in Annan. (Lowe). See also Archive, 2015 (87), 54: locomotive suppliied to Roberts & Maginnis of Trevor, Ruabon.and narrow gauge vertical boiler 0-4-0T owned C.W. Hunter & Co., Eure Pits limestone quarry, Dalton-in-Furness. Rly Archive, 2002 (1), 41 middle.
Banks, Thomas & Co. Manchester
General engineers. In 1833 tendered unsuccessfully for stationary engine for Swannington Incline. In 1835 sold an 0-4-0 ballast engine to London & Southampton Railway (Alpha).. In 1839 supplied two 0-4-2s to Liverpool & Manchester Railway: Numbers 61 and 63. In 1840 supplied two locomotives (Nos. 16 and 17) to Birmingham & Gloucester Railway. Lowe questions whether firm acted as agents, rather than manufacturers.
Barclay, Andrew Sons & Co. Ltd. Kilmarnock see separate page for Barclay activities
Barningham, William, Pendleton Ironworks,
If works were situated in Pendleton then Salford should have been correct location. Lowe stated that about seven four and six-coupled tank locomotives (see also Locomotive Mag., 19227, 33, 163) were built for the firm's own use between 1867 and 1878. See also letter from RHI in Locomotive Mag., 1923, 29, 155 which possibly suggests that products reached County Durham.
Barr & McNab, Paisley
Two Bury type 0-4-0s were built in 1840 for the Ardrossan Railway: they were called Firefly (Eglinton) and King Cole (Blair) (names in parentheses probable later replacement names). Noted as being on order in Whishaw. They were not taken into GSWR stock in 1854. A 2-2-2 was also constructed for the Glasgow, Paisley & Greenock Railway: No. 8 Hawk.
Barr Morrison & Co. see Allan Andrews & Co
Barrow & Co.
Lowe stated that firm built for York & North Midland Railway and that was that.
Barrow Haematite Steel Co. Ltd.
Three 0-4-0STs were built (4, 6 and 9)
Beale, J. T., Whitechapel & Greenwich,
Mr Gibbs, Engineer to the London & Croydon Railway suggested to the Board on 6 November 1837 that firm might be able to supply locomotives: no evidence that they ever did (Lowe).
Beardmore, William & Co. Ltd. Glasgow
See separate file
Bedford Engineering Co. Bedford
Primary output was steam cranes, but vertical boiler locomotives developed from travelling steam cranes and supplied including to narrow gauge railways in India (Lowe)
Bellis & Seekings, Broad Street, Birmingham
In 1866 supplied 0-4-2WT Primus to Pike Bros of Poole. In 1874 0-6-0WT Secundus supplied. This has been preserved in Birmingham City Museum since 1955 partly through the effort of the Birmingham Locomotive Club See J.Edward Bellis. A History of G. E. Belliss & Company and Belliss & Morcom Limited Trans Newcomen Soc., 1964, 37, 87. Responded to advertisement to supply locomotives to Festiniog Railway (Boyd Festiniog Railway)
Beyer Peacock & Co. Ltd. , Gorton Foundry, Manchester see separate page
Bickle & Co. Plymouth
According to Lowe a narrow gauge 0-2-2ST named Pioneer (Fig. 46) was built for the Levant Mine in Cornwall and was intended to work underground. It had a steel boiler with gunmetal tubes. It was unsuccessful due to problems with smoke.
Bingley & Co., Harper Street, Leeds
Lowe states that probably sub-contrated to Fenton, Murray & Wood. A single called Rotherham was built for the Sheffield & Rotherham Railway in 1840
Black Hawthorn & Co. Gateshead
Following the collapse of R. Coulthard, William Black and Thomas Hawthorn formed firm in 1865. The bulk of the output was supplied to collieries, iron works, etc and were mainly 0-4-0STs or 0-6-0STs, but locomotives were also supplied to the NER, Llynvi & Ogmore (see Locomotive Mag., 1927, 33, 156-7) and Lynn & Fakenham Railways. Crane tank engines with vertical and with conventional boilers were manufactured. By 1896 over 1100 locomotives had been supplied. In that year Chapman & Furneaux was acquired (no separate entry) and a further seventy locomotives were constructed before production ended with a 2ft 8½in gauge locomotive (WN 1215/1902) was supplied to Knight, Bevan & Sturge. The firm closed in 1902 and in 1903 the drawings, etc passed to Hawthorn, Leslie. According to Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1947, 53, 67 0-4-0 preserved by George Cohen.
Blackie & Co. Aberdeen
Lowe states that two locomotives were constructed for the Aberdeen Railway in 1848: both were 0-4-2s. They became Scottish North Eastern Railway Nos. 69 and 70 from 1856. See also letter from R. Abbott in Locomotive Mag., 1944, 50, 111 who stated that firm was in Dundee
Blaenavon Co., Blaenavon
According to Lowe citing Birmingham Locomotive Club's records firm built 3ft gauge locomotive for Pwlldu Limestone Quarries named Llanfoist. Three other locomotives (2 standard gauge 0-6-0STs and one narrow gauge 0-4-0ST) also listed.
Blaina Iron Works, Blaina
According to Lowe the Monmouthshire Mercury (12 June 1830) reported that a locomotive was nearly completed for use within the works.
Blair & Co. see Fossick & Hackworth
Blaylock & Pratchitt, Denton Iron Works,
Denton Holmes, Carlisle
Firm founded by William Pratchitt and John Blaylock in 1859. Tendered for supply of locomotives to Festiniog Railway in 1862,, but not successful. Manufactured portable engines, but doubtful if manufactured locomotives.
Blundell, Jonathan & Son, Pemberton
Lowe notes that firm reported to have built 0-4-0ST King prior to 1900
Bodmer, J.G. Manchester
Lowe notes that some of his designs were built by Sharp Roberts and others by himself probably in Manchester.
Bolckow Vaughan & Co. Ltd., Cleveland Iron
& Steel Works, South Bank, Middlesbrough
William Hewitt (drawing) was constructed as 154/1921. Other locomotives were reconstructed from earlier stock. The firm beacme part of Dorman Long in 1929. (Lowe)
Bond, J., Castle Foundry, Tow Law, Co. Durham
Supplied two lcomotives to Weardale Iron Co. before 1870s: No. 8 Tow Law (six-coupled) and No. 11 Zephyr (0-4-0ST)(Lowe Supplement)
Borrie, Peter & Co., Tay Foundry, Dundee
Six locomotives may have been built: five were offered to the Edinburgh & Glasgow Railway in 1841, but only Euclid was purchased. Borrie went bankrupt in 1842. Coryndon was built for John Chanter to demonstrate his patent firebox to burn coal. It was a 2-2-2.
Borrows, E. & Sons, Providence Works, St.
Edward Borrows developed the "Borrows-type" of industrial locomotive, most of which were used by local industry notably by Pilkington Bros., Brunner Mond and United Alkali. In 1910 the locomotive business was taken over by H.W. Johnson & Co. . Lowe gives a complete list.
Boulton, Isaac W. Ashton-under-Lyne
Bourne Bartley & Co. Manchester
Lowe considers that firm were agents rather than builders. Some state that North Union Railway 2-2-2 No. 13 St George was built by firm. C.F. Dendy Marshall (Locomotive Mag., 1929, 35, 303) examined the claim in relation to the Minute Books of the Liverpool & Manchester Railway and what Whishaw wrote about the North Union Railway.
Bowes, John Esq. & Partners, Marley Hill
Lowe cited C.E. Mountford's The Bowes Railway to state that 0-4-0ST Daniel O'Rourke was built in colliery workshops.
Names beginning Br
Bradley, Frederic, Clensmore, Kidderminster
Lowe Supplement: fitted boilers and machinery to two horse trams to run on Ryde Pier: operated between 1881 and 1884.
Braithwaite & Ericsson, New Road,
Braithwaite and Ericsson were joint inventors of the Novelty which entered the Rainhill Trials, but neither partner was with the firm for its entire existence: it became Braithwaite, Milner & Co. from 1836, but failed soon afterwards. The bulk of the firm's output went either to the Eastern Counties Railway (0-4-0 and 2-2-0 of the Bury type) or to the USA, notably Philadelphia & Reading Railroad. (Lowe)
Bramah & Fox, Birmingham
Lowe states that according to an article in The Locomotive on the locomotives of the Northern & Eastern Railway this firm supplied a locomotive to it in October 1840: Firm (see below) established by John Joseph Bramah. Lowe considers that this was improbable. See letter from Stirling Everard, Locomotive Mag., 1945, 51, 13.. who states that with the aid of George and Robert Stephenson the firm built a "huge business in railway plant". See also letter from H.F. Hilton Locomotive Mag., 1944, 50, 179.
Bramah & Robinson, Pimlico
Lowe Supplement doubts whether firm built locomotives. See letter from Stirling Everard, Locomotive Mag., 1945, 51, 13..
Brassey & Co., Canada Works, Birkenhead
The primary function of the works was to build equipment (including both locomotives and bridges) for the Grand Trunk Railway in Canada. This included over 260 locomotives for Canada. Other locomotives were supplied to British railways, including the South Eastern Railway (0-4-4WT), Scottish North Eastern Railway and Eastern Counties Railway (in both cases 2-4-0 and 2-2-2). The firm's draughtsman A. Alexander designed the locomotives for the Mont Cenis Railway: see Ransom. . See also George Harrison.
Brora Works, Brora, Sutherland
Lowe considers that it is doubtful that 1ft 8in gauge 0-4-0ST Florence was built at Brora (Frew, Iain D.O. Frew. The Brora Colliery Tramway, Rly Mag., 1960 (January) and subsequent correspondence), especially as Manning Wardle 579/1875 was supplied to Duke of Sutherland and was named Florence and to the same gauge!
Brotherhood R. Chippenham
Lowe lists seventeen locomotives constructed at Chippenham for customers which included the Bristol and Exeter Railway (1857: 0-6-0T Moloch); the c1860: London Chatham and Dover Railway (0-6-0 Swale); the Newquay & Cornwall Junction Railway (1863: Phoenix), but this may have been built by William West & Sons at the St Blazey Foundry; the Bishop's Castle Railway (0-4-0ST Bee of 1866); and an 0-6-0 for the Scole Railway (Frenze Estate Railway) in Norfolk. Other locomotives were supplied to I.W. Boulton. See also S.A. Leleux Brotherhoods, engineers. David & Charles, 1965. The works were subsequently taken oer by Saxby & Farmer, signal manufacturers.
Brown, J.B. & Co. Cannon Street & Upper
Thames Street, London
Lowe notes that firm advertised as "locomotive builders" in 1860s, but were presumably agents.
Brown & May, North Wiltshire Foundry, Devizes
Firm fouinded in 1854. Built traction engines, road locomotives and portable engines. Two locomotives with vertical boilers, supplied to Brotherhood. Quoted to supply locomotives to Severn & Wye Railway. Works closed in 1912. (Lowe). Responded to advertisement to supply to FR (Boyd Festiniog Railway)
Browne, Samuel, Haymarket Works, Liverpool
Offer to supply locomotives to London & Croydon Railway in 1837. No evidence of construction. Bradley, D.L. Locomotives of the South Eastern Railway. (Lowe)
Brush Electrical Engineering Co. see Henry Hughes
Burrell, Charles & Sons Ltd., St Nicholas
Well-known manufacturer of steam road locomotives: firm built two 3ft 6in gauge steam tram locomotives with improved condensers: WN 1119/1885 and Patent 14872/1887.taken in name of Frederick John Burrell for Bradford & Shelf Tramway and WN 1190/1886 for Birmingham Central Tramway. Firm also constructed a roundabour which incorporated a locomotive and sold it to the Locomotive Merry-Go-Round Co. Ltd.. See R.H. Clark Chronicles of a country works and Steam engine builders of Norfolk.
Burstall, Timothy, Leith
Built Perseverance for Rainhill trials in 1829, but locomotive damaged in transit. Burstall also built steam road coaches (Sekon: Evolution of the steam locomotive) Locomotive had a vertical boiler (Lowe)
Bury, Edward & Co., Clarence Foundry, Love
415 locomotives were turned out fom the Clarence Foundry. These were mainly 0-4-0s, although latterly 2-2-2, 2-4-0 and 0-4-2 types were constructed. The firm became Bury, Curtis & Kennedy in 1842. See also Edward Bury. See letter from Robin Barnes (Backtrack, 1997, 11, 576) on loss of records to USA. Sekon's Evolution of the steam locomtive (1899) p. 41 notes that the Bury books were sold by auction on 15 and 16 August 1851.Marshall Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway V.3 p.62 suggests that a late order for 2-2-2s may have led to the firm's failure. See also Harry Jack Clement Edwin Stretton, Rly Arch., 2008 (18), 66: Jack warns that Stretton's observations on Bury and his locomotives are erroneous, furthermore Stretton has corrupted locomotive history with his spurious drawings, some of which are in the Science Museum..
Respond to advertisement for equipment for FR (Boyd Festiniog Railway)
Butterley Co. Ripley
Firm was established in 1790 (Lowe); William Brunton devised a "walking locomotive" whilst there. Two 2-2-2 locomotives were constructed for the Midland Counties Railway in 1839. Johnston's Locomotives of the GNRI notes that one of this type was supplied to Jeffs, a contractor for the construction of the Dublin & Drogheda Railway and briefly formed part of its stock. Between 1860 and 1907 the firm built approximately twenty seven locomotives for their own use: an 0-4-0ST (B12C) and a 0-6-0ST (B3C) are illustrated. Also noted as Company which supplied iron work for St Pancras station. Leadbetter. J. Rly Canal Hist. Soc., 2008, 36, 33..
Names beginning Ca
Caird & Co. Greenock
Shipbuilders and marine engineers constructed four locomotives for Scottish railways (all 2-2-2 type). Glasgow, Paisley & Greenock Railway Nos. 11 and 12 of 1840 (eventually became CR Nos. 68 and 69); Glasgow, Paisley, Kilmarnock & Ayr Railway No. 30 Wasp and Edinburgh & Glasgow Railway Trevithick of 1841.
Canada Works, Birkenhead
Cannock & Rugeley Colliery Co. Ltd., Rawnsley
In 1888 a 2-4-0T No. 7 Birch was probably built from parts bought in. Fig. 77. See also Rly Arch., 2010 (26) 46 upper and Archive, 2016 (91) 41 upper.
Cannock Chase Colliery. Co. Ltd., Chasetown
0-4-2ST Foggo constructed in 1946 from parts supplied by Beyer Peacock (Lowe): see also Archive, 2016 (91) 34 upper.
Carmichael, J. & C., Ward Foundry, Sessions Street, Dundee
Carrett Marshall & Co., Sun Foundry, Dewsbury
In 1858 this firm took over from Charles Todd who, after leaving Shepherd & Todd had set up his own factory. Carrett Marshall & Company may have built a few locomotives but little is known about this side of their activities. They were mainly known for their remarkable steam driven road vehicles. Mr Carrett had left E. B. Wilson & Company to join Marshall as a partner in the new firm. Many engineering articles were manufactured including water pumps and tanks. An advertisement in the Colliery Guardian shows a drawing of a four-coupled saddle tank, with inclined outside cylinders fixed immediate ly behind the leading wheels. (Fig. 79) One locomotive is reported to have been built in 1860 for the Natal Railway and named Natal, and others for the Kendal & Windermere Railway. Also showed interest in supplying to Festiniog Railway (Boyd Festiniog Railway). See also letter from R. Abbott in Locomotive Mag., 1944, 50, 111
Chanter, John, London
See also John Chanter. Chanter had developed a firebox capable of burning coal. A locomotive (Prince George of Cambridge) was built in 1838 to assist with experiments. In 1839 a second locomotive, Duke of Sussex appeared and these together with Coryndon (a 2-2-2 built by Peter Borrie & Co) were run on the London & Croydon Railway. Two more locomotives were supplied to the Hayle Railway which at that time was worked by Chanter: these were Chanter and Coryndon.
Chaplin, Alexander & Co., Cranstonhill Engine
Works, Port Street, Anderson, Glasgow
Graces Guide states that firm established in 1849 and built Cranstonhill Engine Works in 1852. In about 1890 the firm moved to Helen Street Govan and that manufacture ceased in 1930. Between 1860s and early 1900s firm supplied patent vertical boiler locomotives including for export. According to Lowe the boiler was a very efficient steam raiser. See D.K. Clark: The Steam engine v 2 pages 740-3. See also Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1920, 26, 115 for account of four shunting locomotives supplied to Danish State Railway between 1869 and 1872 Locomotive Mag., 1921, 27, 298 includes notes on Chaplin locomotives. Locomotive Mag., 1929, 35, 370 gives address as Helen Street, Govan and that geared locomotives produced between 1867 and 1902. Also notes that Works Numbers refered to cranes or hoists or locomotives. See also letter from RHI in Locomotive Mag., 1923, 29, 155.
Chapman & Furneaux
In 1896 firm acquired Black Hawthorn & Co. and continued in business until 1902 (1901 company dissolved according to Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1947, 53, 67) using Black Hawthorn Works Numbers. Goodwill, drawings, etc then acquired by Hawthorn, Leslie. Chapman & Furneaux locomotives used on Lambourne Valley Railway.
Chapman, William & Edward, Murton House,
see under William Chapman
Christie, Adams & Hill , Thames Bank Ironworks,
Six 6ft 6in 2-2-2s were supplied to the LSWR in 1848, They lasted in service for about twenty years.See also letter from F.W. Brewer in Locomotive Mag., 1927, 33, 203. .
Clarke Chapman & Co., Victoria Works, Gateshead
Two crane tanks with vertical boilers were supplied to Consett Iron Co. in 1907. Lowe justified this "exception" due to the direct drive between the cylinders and the coupled driving wheels.
Clayton Shuttleworth & Co., Stamp End Works,
Established in 1842 by Joseph Shuttleworth and Nathaniel Clayton. Manufacturers of agricultural machinery, A few locomotives were built: 0-4-0WT built in 1875 (WN 44701), known as Pilot. Two 0-4-0CTs for Consett Iron Co: one in 1892 and other in 1920, both with vertical boilers. See also Hall & Co. locomotive No. 1 supplied by Clayton & Shuttleworth in 1867 (Locomotive Mag., 1901, 6, 120). See also letter from R. Abbott in Locomotive Mag., 1944, 50, 111.See also Andrew Neale. Traction engine locomotives. Archive, 2015 (87) 2-21. Ronald H. Clark. Steam-engine builders of Lincolnshire. which illustrates a tram engine and series of light geared locomotives similar to their road vehicles. Booklet describing their activities: see Locomotive Mag., 1918, 24, 76.
Clayton Wagons Ltd., Abbey Works, Lincoln
Subsidiary of Clayton Shuttleworth formed in 1917. Built high pressure vertical boiler geared locomotives. These were derived from road wagon designs and had either chain or jackshaft drive. Side elevations of A and B type locomotives shown in Fig. 85. In 1929 two large locomotives were supplied to the Indian North West Railways. These had four vertical cylinders and White-Forster watertube boilers pressed to 300 psi with a top drum and two smaller drums. Approximately eight steam railcars were also constructed: including eleven for the LNER and six for the Great Southern Railways of Ireland. The firm ceased to trade in 1930 and were taken over by the Smith-Clayton Forge. (Lowe). The drawings passed to Richard Duckering of Lincoln. Fig. 86: LNER No. 287 Royal Sailor.
Firms beginning "Co"
Coalbrookdale Co. Coalbrookdale
Founded in 1709. Railways were manufactured from 1767 (Lowe). Robin Barnes has given an excellent survey of the way in which Coalbrookdale was involved with the Trevithick locomotives for the Penydarren (Merthyr) tramroad (Backtrack, 2003, 17, 492, 554 and 622.). Lowe also notes that there was further locomotive construction in in the 1860s and this includes the preserved No. 5 (ex-Bardon Hill Quarries (Fig. 88)). Lowe cites R.A.S. Abbott Vertical boiler locomotives and and railmotors built in Great Britain. 1989. See also photographs of both locomotives in Archive, 2010, (Issue 66) page 37: date not given, but prior to conversion of No. 6 to a Sentinel.
Cochran & Co., Annan
Supplied vertical boilers for two railcars built by Andrew Barclay & Co. in 1905 for the GNoSR. The bodies were built at Inverurie. Vallance p. 159
Cochrane & Co. New Ormsby Ironworks, Cargo
Approximately five vertical boiler locomotives supplied 1860-1880 for standard gauge lines.
Coed Talon Colliery Co., Coed Talon, Flintshire
One locomotive was assembled at the colliery workshops in 1874 using a wagon frame, a horizontal portable boiler, subsequently replaced by a vertical boiler. Mr William Lea, the chief fitter, designed it. Illustration: Rly Mag., 1904 (Nov.) 403.
Coley & Co., West London Ironworks
Lowe's Supplement states that supplied Pugsy (0-4-0ST) to Gray's Chalk Quarries and then purchased by I.W. Boulton. May have been Colley.
Coltman, H. & Sons Ltd. Loughborough
Firm founded by Huram Coltman and Henry Hughes, both of whom were former partners in the Falcon Works. Lowe considers that firm which manufactured steam engines and boilers may have built some locomotives of Hughes and Falcon design. Walter Coltman, son of Huram, manufactured boilers.
Consett Iron Company
Cranes were designed by the Consett Iron Co. and were originally supplied by Black Hawthorn and by Cowans Sheldon: George, F.B. The Consett Iron Company's steam locomotive cranes. 163-9.
Cookson, Isaac & Co., Newcastle
See Charlton The first locomotive engineers: firm involved in manufacture of comoponents for eary locomotives
Coulthard, John & Son, Quarry Field Works,
Lowe stated that firm commenced building locomotives in 1835 and produced about twenty up to 1865 by which time name had changed to R. Coulthard and Ralph (son of founder) had retired and firm was taken over by Black Hawthorn. Customers included York, Newcastle & Berwick Railway (2-4-0 No. 156) named Jenny Lind (WN 42: see Maclean Locomotives of the North Eastern Railway); North Eastern Railway (2-4-0 No. 5) and Blythe & Tyne Railway (2-4-0 Nos 12 and 13 and 0-6-0 No. 23).
Cowan Sheldon, Carlisle
Manufacturers of breakdown cranes. Locomotive cranes designed by the Consett Iron Co. were supplied by Black Hawthorn and by Cowans Sheldon: George, F.B. The Consett Iron Company's steam locomotive cranes. 163-9. See also Tatlow, Peter. LMS 35/50 ton steam breakdown cranes. LMS Journal, 2007 (18), 7-27,.
Cowlishaw Walker & Co. Ltd., Biddulph
Lowe questions whether this mining machinery company manufactured any new locomotives.
Craig, A. F. Ltd., Caledonia Engineering, Paisley
Locomotive designed by Robert Craig and constructed in 1870s to the unusual 3ft 1½ gauge. The boiler was replaced in the early 20th century.
Crampton T. R.
Listed by Lowe, but Crampton was not a locomotive builder and he is considered elsewhere
Craven Brothers, Manchester
Manufacturer of travelling steam breakdown cranes with articulated jibs. See Tatlow, Peter. LMS 35/50 ton steam breakdown cranes. LMS Journal, 2007 (18), 7-27,
Crook & Deans, Phoenix Foundry, Little Bolton
J. Crook and William Deans were early builders of locomotives (for the Bolton & Leigh Railway in about 1831). Lowe's description leaves something to be desired, but indicates that these were inside cylinder 0-4-0s named Salamander, Veteran and Phoenix, but names were changed.
Cross, James & Co., Sutton Engine Works, St.
James Cross appears to have been a highly innovative engineer. Lowe states that the Neath & Brecon locomotive Progress was the first Fairlie to have two boilers with a single firebox. Reports of Fairlie locomotives for the Venezuela Central Railway (Engineer and Engineering 1866) cannot be traced. The first 2-4-2T White Raven ("Adams" patent) and with spring tyres was constructed in 1863 for the St Helens Canal and Railway.
Dewhurst, P.C. and Holcroft, Harold. The Fairlie locomotive - Part 2. Later designs and productions. Trans. Newcomen Soc., 1966, 39, 1-34.
Crowley J. & Co., Kelham Ironworks,
Lowe had no information
Crowther, Phineas see Chapman, W. & E.
Cudworth, Arthur, St Mark's Engineering Works,
Two vertical boiler locomotives were supplied to W.H. Davis & Sons (wagon) Ltd. of Langwith Junction. Adaption of steam cranes. Illus.: Lowe Fig 93 at Neasden. See Dunn's Reflections of a railway career for links with Wrexham, Mold & Connah's Quay Railway: "Not far from the [former WEM&CQ] shed there was a small private locomotive erecting shop belonging to the firm of Cudworth and Johnson which would hold about two contractor's engines..." which Dunn then states had a somewhat irregular relationship with the workshops of the main line company: NB Dunn adds Johnson to the name.
Names beginning D
Daglish, Robert & Co., Ltd, St Helens Foundry,
Lowe's Supplement notes that the works were established in 1798 by Lee Watson & Co. According to Thomas, R.H.G. The Liverpool & Manchester Railway. London: Batsford, 1960. 264pp. in 1833 Novelty was rebuilt by Robert Daglish and supplied to the St Helens & Runcorn Gap Railway on 3 August 1833. By the time locomotives were constructed the Daglish family had become involved. Two locomotives were built for the St Helens Canal & Railway Co: No. 13 Forth a four-coupled tender engine built in 1852 and an 0-6-0 No. 12 Saracen in 1858. In 1857 an 0-6-0ST Oswald was built for an unknown customer: it was acquired by the Calder & Mersey Extract Co., Ltd of Widnes in 1914. An 0-4-0WT Lucy for Gaskell Deacon & Co of Widnes may have been built by Daglish. The Supplement lists other locomotives which may have been constructed by the firm. The ODNB notes that Richard John Seddon, a Prime Minister of New Zealand, was apprenticed at the St. Helens Foundry for five years in about 1859-64. See also letter from R. Abbott in Locomotive Mag., 1944, 50, 111.
Darbishires Ltd., Penmaenmawr
Lowe stated that 3ft gauge De Winton type, but e-mail letter received KPJ states that was 2ft gauge: named Redstone built in 1905 in company workshops
Davey Paxman & Co. Ltd. Colchester
Clark's Steam-engine builders of Suffolk, Essex and Cambridgeshire notes that this firm constructed five Pacific and two 4-8-2 locomotives for the Romney Hythe & Dymchurch Railway: these were the last steam engines of any sort to be made by the company. See Snell's One man's railway..
Davies & Metcalfe, Romiley, Manchester
Firm best known as manufacturer of the Metcalfe vacuum brake ejector and exhaust steam injectors, but the firm also manufactured two 2-6-2Ts for the 1ft 11½ gauge Vale of Rheidol Railway in 1902, one of which is still extant. Two North Wales Narrow Gauge Railway locomotives were renovated in 1902 (Snowdon Ranger) and 1903 (Moel Tryfan). The company had a vast number of patents to protect its designs in many countries. See also Metcalfe page and Metcalfe, Richard. Davies & Metcalfe Ltd: railway engineers to the world. 1999. 208 pp. 142 illus. This book (pp. 151-2) notes that firm innovated a system for washing out the ash from smokeboxes: class 5 No. 5435 is shown being tested with this equipment..
665,589 Improvements relating to exhaust steam injectors. Inventor: Richard Metcalfe. Published 23 January 1952. Applied 12 December 1949.
665,588 Improvements relating to exhaust steam injectors. Inventor: Richard Metcalfe. Published 23 January 1952. Applied 10 December 1949.
13611/1913. Improvements in injectors. Inventors: James Metcalfe, Richard David Metcalfe and James Croxon Metcalfe. Published 4 September 1913. Applied 12 June 1913.
Davy Bros., Park Ironworks, Brightside,
Firm manufactured Sheffield for the Sheffield & Rotherham Railway in 1840. Lowe noted that described by P.C.D. in Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1943 (15 June). The locomotive was driven by belts and pulleys and was the invention of William Vickers.
Day Summers & Co. see Summers, Grove & Day
Deptford Iron Co.
Lowe's entry is slender: firm built at least one locomotive for the Hartlepool Docks & Railway. 0-4-0 built in 1841 became NER No. 130.
Derbyshire Carriage & Wagon Co. Ltd,
Late converter of steam traction engines and lorries to traction engine locomotives: see Andrew Neale. Traction engine locomotives. Archive, 2015 (87) 2-21.
De Winton & Co., Union Works, Caernarvon
Lowe stated that De Winton was founded in the 1840s by Owen Thomas. J.P. de Winton (ex-Fawcett, Preston & Co. of Liverpool) joined Thomas in 1854 (according to e-mail received KPJ) 1860s (Lowe) and locomotive manufacture began. All had vertical boilers. Joy's valve gear was used initially, but a modified form of Stephenson valve gear was used on later locomotives. Correspondent to KPJ queried early use of Joy valve gear (not patented until 1879, but may been used in ships' engines earlier. Sixty locomotives were built and Lowe lists the output, the bulk of which for the 2ft gauge and for the Welsh slate industry. In 1897 Victoria (WN 201) which had a launch type of engine. This was probably the last locomotive to built at the works which closed in 1902. Fig. 95 Inverlochy; Fig. 96 Arthur.
[Slate quay at Caernarfon]. Archive, Issue 17, 53.
Illus. includes Castle and Union Works of de Winton Company (locomotive manufacturer).
Dick W. B. & Co., Britannia Engineering Works,
Lowe stated that Firm's Title changed to Dick Kerr & Co. Ltd. in 1883 (presumably the Kerr was James Kerr). Company manufactured tramway equipment, including locomotives (using Morrison and Kerr patent tramway engines). Locomotives were manufactured from 1818 to 1919 when the Britannia Engineering Works became Kilmarnock Engineering Co. Tramway locomotives were supplied to the Schull & Skibbereen Light Railway (more strictly the West Carberry Tramways & Light Railways: see Boyd), the Sutton & Alford Tramway, the Penang Tramways and to the North London Tramways. Traditional industrial locomotives were also manufactured including for several Government agencies during WW1..
Dick & Stevenson, Airdrie Engine Works,
Bell Street, Airdrie
Lowe stated that firm was founded in about 1790. In the early 1860s the firm was run by Alexander and John Dick and Graham Stevenson.Locomotive construction began in 1864 after the retirement of John Dick. The first customer was the Langloan Iron Co. and a total of six locomotives was eventually supplied. Several locomotives were exported to Singapore, Holland and Spain. The majority were 0-4-0STs. The works closed in 1890. Fig 99. Built locomotives for Southampton Docks. Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1927, 33, 408...See also letter from R. Abbott in Locomotive Mag., 1944, 50,# 111. Works lacked a siding off railway and its output had to run through the streets; also its works numbers were unusual in that only even numbers were used for locomotives.Locomotive Mag, 1944, 50, 179. Barnes (Backtrack, 2020, 34, 422) describes two employed by the United Collieries at Bathville (formerly Armadale Coal Co.) WN 8 and 32)..
Dickinson, R.E. & Co., Cleveland Works,
According to Lowe's Supplement firm built two combined steam tramcars with vertical boilers for trials in Scotland. One was designed by Robertson & Henderson, engineers of Glasgow and was ordered by the Edinburgh Tramways Co. The first trial took place between Partick and Whiteinch on the Vale of Clyde Tramways in May 1877. Further trials were made between Greenock and Gourock and at Leith and in 1880 the car was sold to the Stirling & Bridge of Allan Tramways Co. The second tramcar had a compound engine and was tried in Dundee between July and December 1880.
Dixon, William, Glasgow
William Dixon formed the Calder Iron Works in 1795, but locomotives were not manufactured until he was succeeded by his son William Smith Dixon in 1859 and another works (Govan Iron Works) had been created in 1830. Four locomotives were constructed at Govan (1860 No. 2, 1866 No. 4, 1874 No. 9 and 1901 No. 1). One locomotive emerged from Calder: No. 8 of 1892. No. 2 was illustrated in Loco. Mag., 1930, 36, 15 May.
Dodds & Son, Holmes Engine & Railway
Established by Isaac Dodds where locomotive manufacture began in 1849 and continued to 1868 by which time the firm was in the hands of the official receiver. Seventy locomotives were built. Output went to the South Yorkshire Railway (0-4-2), Great India Peninsula Railway, Deeside Railway (0-4-2); Newport, Abergavenny & Hereford Railway (3 0-4-2 in 1854); Isabel II Railway in Spain and LBSCR (2-2-2 in 1868). One of the 2-4-0s for the Isabel II Railway was tested on the Lickey Incline in 1853. Lowe gives details of tests as does Sekon Evolution of the steam locomotive (pp. 168-9).
Dodman, Alfred & Co. Ltd., Highgate Works,
Established by Alfred Dodman in 1850: manufacturers of agricultural machinery and portable engines. In 1896 William Burkitt, a corn merchant in Lynn and Chesterfield, ordered a locomotive to convey him between his two operations. This was a 2-2-2WT Gazelle. In 1911 this passed through T.W. Ward to the Shropshire & Montgomeryshire Light Railway where it was converted to a 2-4-0 by Bagnall. A similar locomotive was constructed for the West Norfolk Farmers Manure & Chemical Co-Operative at South Lynn. The locomotive was sold to a concerrn in Australia. R.H. Clark History of the Midland & Great Northern Railway and Steam engine builders of Norfolk. A quaint passenger train, Shropshire and Montgomeryshire Ry. (Locomotive Mag., 1927, 33, 31) notes that locomotive was designed by S. Stone of the G.E.R.
George Dow. An early private
engine. Rly Mag., 1980,
Photograph shows Gazelle at Stow station (between Magdalen Road and Downham stations on Great Eastern Rly. Locomotive built by Alfred Dodman of King's Lynn for W. Burkitt
Dorman Long & Co. Ltd., Britannia Works,
Became Dorman Long (Steel) Ltd. in 1954. Seven locomotives were replaced between 1949 and 1959 and in one case (No. 22) the orginal continued in service whilst it replicate joined it. All locomotives were 0-4-0STs. Lowe is interesting on the topic of replication/replacement.
Dorset Iron Foundry, West Quay Road, Poole
Lowe notes that at least one Stephen Lewin type of narrow gauge locomotive was built here, after W.J. Tarrant established the firm (Tarrant had formerly worked for Lewin).
Drummond D. & Son, Helen Street, Govan,
Founded in 1891 by Dugald Drummond and later known as the Glasgow Railway Engineering Co. Seven 0-4-0WTs were constructed for Glasgow Corporation Gas Works in 1894, two railcars were constructed for the Alexandra Dock & Railway and a 2ft gauge 0-4-0ST Little Tich was built for the Premier Cement Co at Irthlingborough (Lowe). See also J.E. Chacksfield. The Drummond brothers p. 55. Firm was involved in patenting a form of single line tablet exchange apparatus: GB 10,665/1901 in the name of Walter and George William Drummond. see Christenson. Bryson's catcher LMS Journal (38), 12
Duncan & Wilson, Liverpool
Lowe states that English Mechanic for 1881 refers to experiments in Liverpool with steam locomotives in which this firm took part.
Firms beginning "E"
Earl of Dudley, Round Oak Works, Castle Mill,
Two standard gauge outside cylinder 0-6-0STs constructed: Lady Honor (1912) and Lord Ednam (1915). At least one narrow gauge (2ft 3½in) 0-4-0STs also built (Gnat which bore plate Castle Mill 1882). (Lowe )
Earl of Durham Collieries Ltd., Philadelphia
Engine Works, Durham
Works were capable of major renovations/reconstructions. Lowe is slightly unclear as to whether three or four locomotives were constructed thereat: 0-6-0: 9 (1877); 25 (1890 and 26 (1894), and 0-4-0ST No. 12? (Lowe)
Ebbw Vale Steel Iron & Coal Co., Ebbw Vale
According to Lowe eight 0-4-0STs constructed between 1905 and 1917: one No. 18 Trefil was a rebuild of Peckett 969/1904 and at least two were constructed from Peckett components.
Edington, Thomas & Sons, Phoenix Iron Works,
In 1840/1 firm constructed four locomotives for Glasgow, Paisley, Kilmarnock & Ayr Railway: Nos 7 Phoenix, 8 Prince Albert, 10 Garnock and 15 Kyle. All were 2-2-2s to the design of J. Miller, the company's engineer. (Lowe )
England, George & Co., Hatcham Ironworks,
Pomeroy Street, New Cross, London
Lowe gives an extensive account, including a complete list of the output based on C.H. Dickson (J. Stephenson Loco. Soc., 1961). The firm supplied locomotives to railways, both locally (London & Blackwall Railway) and more distant including Caledonian Railway, Great Western Railway and several railways in Australia. In September 1869 Robert Fairlie joined with George England, junior and J.S. Fraser to take over the Hatcham Works to form Fairlie Engine & Steam Carriage Co. George England died within a few months. Locomotive production ceased at the end of 1870 but the Fairlie Engine & Rolling Stock Co continued as a designer and issued licenses for the manufacture of Fairlie locomotives. .
Dewhurst, P.C. and Holcroft, Harold. The Fairlie locomotive - Part 2. Later designs and productions. Trans. Newcomen Soc., 1966, 39, 1-34.
Perrett, D. and James, O. The Hatcham Ironworks, New Cross: the locomotive works of George England & Co, and its subsequent history, London's Industrial Archaeology, 1984, (3) 1-14 (via Atkins).
Evans, J. Campbell, Morden Iron Works,
Firm tendered to the Festiniog Railway for three locomotives in 1863, but no evidence of manufacture (Lowe) also Boyd Festiniog Railway.
Evans, Richard & Co. Haydock Colliery
Lowe notes that six 0-6-0WTs were designed by Josiah Evans and constructed at Haydock between 1869 and 1887. They had piston valves actuated by outside valve gear: fisrt two Stephenson open links and remainder with Gooch box links. No. C Bellerophon illustrated. No. F Golbourne described and ilustrated in Loco. Mag., 1901 December
Firms beginning "F"
Fairbairn, William & Sons, Canal Street Works,
Founded by William Fairbairn in 1816 as an iron foundry and became general engineers and bridge builders. In 1839 entered locomotive building with four Bury-type 0-4-0s for the Manchester & Leeds Railway. Eventually at least 69 locomotives were supplied to this railway. 2-2-2WTs were supplied to the 'Little' North Western Railway, the Dublin, Wicklow & Wexford Railway and the Midland Great Western Railway. Large 2-2-2s were supplied at McConnell's behest to the LNWR (Southern Division. 2-2-2s were also supplied to Sinclair designs to the GER. Double-framed 0-6-0s were sold to the Midland Railway and to the WMR. The total sales included 269 to English concerns; 29 to Scottish; 58 to Irish and 23 to Continental European. A total of about 395 were manufactured. Locomotive manufacture ceased in 1863 when locomotive manufactre was acquired by Sharp, Stewart. (Lowe )
Hunt, David. Locomotive builders to the Midland Railway. Midland Record, (21), 111-26.
Fairbairn supplied some early Midland Railway locomotives: Hunt did not cite his sources.
Fairlie Engine & Rolling Stock Co.
See also England, Geo. & Co. This firm designed and licensed the manufacture of Fairlie patented designs and continued in existence after the closure of the Hatcham Works..
Falcon Railway Plant Works
The Falcoln Works are almost certainly better known than that of the founder, Henry Hughes, and to many Brush Electrical (known for its tramcars and diesel locomotives) may be better known than either. Hughes founded the works on a 7 acre site alongside the Midland Railway to build coaches, wagons and horse-drawn tramcars.
Locomotive building began in 1865 and in Engineering for 9 March 1867 it was noted that an 0-4-0ST was exhibited in 1867 by which time "160 locomotives had been constructed to a variety of gauges", but Lowe rightly queried this assertion.
The Tramways Act of 1870 led to increased activity in the construction of tramway locomotives. In 1875 a tramway engine to the order and design of John Downes of Birmingham was constructed and was evaluated between Handsworth and West Bromwich, but did not enter routine service. In 1876 another tram engine patented by Hughes was evaluated on the Leicester Tramways, but was not successful but was sent to Govan where it worked regularly, with eight others, until 1881. Others were supplied to Bristol, Guernsey, Paris, Wantage and Lille. The Pioneer instigated steam traction on the Swansea & Mumbles Railway on 16 August 1877.
The firm experienced financial difficulties in the late 1870s/early 1880s. It was restructured as the Falcon Railway Plant Works in 1883 under the control of Norman Scott Russell who developed an air condensing tram locomotive. About 42 Hughes and 61 Russell tram lcomotives were constructed between 1874 and 1888.
2-4-0Ts were constructed for the Cork & Muskerry Railway and 4-4-0s for the Bolivar Railway. In 1889 the firm became the Brush Electrical Engineering Co. and the firm still exists. Steam locomotive construction continued unti 1914. Lowe estimated the output of steam locomotives at about 250. See also Miles Macnair Backtrack, 2020, 34, 164 and the Peebles Steam Car Co. adventure in Ganz advanced steam railcars.
Lowe and Whitcombe, H.A. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1937, 27, 327 (Paper 369)
Fawcett Preston & Co. , Phoenix Foundry,
York Street, Liverpool
Established in 1758: marine engineers. In 1848 attempted to enter locomotive manufacture. Built an 0-6-0, but failed to sell to LNWR (Northern Division), but achieved success with East Lancashire Railway which purchased it for £2000 after trials as a banking engine at Accrington. Became ELR No. 43. J.P. de Winton worked for firm in early 1860s. Firm became railway supply agents (Lowe).
Fenton, Murray & Wood, Round Foundry, Water Lane,
Firm was founded by Matthew Murray and David Wood in 1795 and joined in 1797 by James Fenton (who provided what would now be known as management skills) and William Lister, financier. Very early locomotive builder, for Middleton Colliery, in 1812/13: Prince Regent, Salamanca, Lord Willington and Marquis Wellington. Two further locomotives were provided to Kenton & Coxlodge Colliery. These were rack locomotives. Dendy Marshall covers this period. with a chapter on Blenkinsop and Murray. Following Murray's death in 1826 the firm became Fenton Murray & Jackson and locomotive building took place between 1831 and 1842 when nearly eighty locomotives were constructed, mainly of standard Stephenson designs. Customers included the Hull & Selby Railway, Leeds & Selby Railway and the North Midland Railway. Two were built for the London & Southampton Railway. Twenty Firefly 2-2-2s were built for the Great Western broad gauge. Three 2-4-0s were also built for the broad gauge. Lowe and C.F. Dendy Marshall, Locomotive Mag., 1929, 35, 303.
Joy, Craven, Hick and Peacock received their training at the Round Foundry.
Fletcher Burrows, Chanters & Howe
Bridge Collieries, Atherton (Lancs.).
Electric: outside cylinder 0-4-0ST constructed in 1888 at Gibfield Works:. (Lowe)
Fletcher Jennings & Co. see Tulk & Ley
Fodens Ltd., Elworth Works, Sandbach
Manufacturer of steam road locomotives and lorries. Constructed a single locomotive (WN 13292) for Palmer Mann & Co., Salt Producers, delivered in February 1930. Design based on steam lorry technology. Illustrated by Lowe. Conversion of an old lorry into a "locomotive" at Aycliffe Lime and Limestone see Macnair Backtrack, 2020, 34, 164 who also notes that Foden's road vehicles included advanced features: piston valves, light wheels and high operating pressures.
Forrest & Barr, Glasgow
Lowe notes a total lack of information, but Grace's Guide notes that manufacturers of cranes, some of which may have been self-propelling and hoists
Forrester, George & Co. Vauxhall Foundry,
Locomotive construction between 1834 and about 1847, but firm in business from 1827 to 1890. Forrester had distinct views on locomotive design. Alexander Allan was Works Manager until February 1840. Lowe notes that output went to South Eastern Railway (fifteen 2-4-0s in 1847 - intended for expresses but relegated to local workings) and three 2-2-0s for Dublin & Kingstown Railway. See letter from Robin Barnes (Backtrack, 1997, 11, 576) on loss of records to USA..
Fossick & Hackworth, Stockton
Probably financed by George Fossick. Thomas Hackworth, brother of Timothy, provided technology. Founded in about 1838 and locomotive manufacture ended with retirement of Thomas Hackworth in 1865 when firm became Fossick & Blair and concentrated on marine engines. (Lowe). An 0-6-0 for the Llanelly Railway must have been one of the last locomotives manufactured.
Foster Rastrick & Co. Stourbridge
Partnership founded by James Foster and John Urpeth Rastrick in 1819 basing its activities on earlier foundries owned by James Foster, his brother William and half brother John Bradley who had died or sold out before the locomotive building partnership began. Foster and Rastrick built the Shutt End Railway and constructed the Agenoria to work it (preserved NRM). Notable for constructing three locomotives for Delaware & Hudson Railroad, named Stourbridge Lion, Delaware and Hudson. The failure of the Lion in the USA is discussed at length in Early Railways 3: See Withuhn, William L. Abandoning the Stourbridge Lion business decision-making, 1829: a new interpretation. (Lowe) Marshall
Fowler, John & Co., Steam Plough & Locomotive
Firm established in 1850 (Lowe). In 1886 firm became John Fowler (Leeds) Ltd. Steam locomotives were produced between 1866 and 1935. After 1886 only narrow gauge locomotives were manufactured. All products were listed together. Six 0-6-0s were supplied to the LCDR in 1866 (Fig. 142 Constantine); two 2-4-0Ts to the Waterford & Kilkenny Railway and three 2-4-0s were constructed for the GNR, also in 1866. Six double-frame 0-6-0STs were supplied to the Brecon & Merthyr Railway in 1886: last not withdrawn until 1934. Between 200 and 300 steam locomotives probably constructed. (Lowe). Also manufacturers of agricultural locomotives and small diesel locomotives. John Fowler. Reginald Wigram became a Partner in the firm in 1866 and served in that capcity until his death in 1915.
Hunt, David. Locomotive builders to the Midland Railway. Midland Record, (21), 111-26.
Fowler listed by Hunt, but was presumably only a minor supplier to Midland.
Railways in industrial plants. Locomotive Mag., 1923, 29, 194-6
John Fowler products: 0-4-2T for 2ft gauge estate and plantation railways with 22 in. coupled wheels; 7 x 12 in outside cylinders actuated by Walschaerts valve gear and 180 psi boiler pressure; aand another narrow gauge design: 0-6-2 with 9½ x 12 in. cylinders actuated by Joy valve gear; 25 in. diameter coupled wheels and 180 psi boiler pressure.
See also Andrew Neale. Traction engine locomotives. Archive, 2015 (87) 2-21.
Fox Walker & Co. Bristol see Bristol locomotive builders
Frazer & Chalmers Engineering Works Ltd.,
At least two locomotives are supposed to have been built for export (Lowe)
Firms with names beginning "Ga"
Galloway Bowman & Glasgow, Caledonian
Foundry, Great Bridgewater Street, Manchester
Lowe notes that a 2-2-0 named Manchester was constructed in 1831 and was used on the Liverpool & Manchester Railway. This may have been rebuilt to form 0-4-0 Caledonian (dummy crankshaft type) which became LMR No. 28. They may have been separate locomotives. The firm closed in 1838/9. P.C. Dewhurst and S.H.P. Higgins described this activity in J. Stephenson Loco. Soc. 1953 (#342). John Galloway's reminiscences are included in Chaloner.
Garforth, W. J. & J.. Dukinfield Foundry,
Sub-contractor to Sharp Bros. Built two 2-4-0 and six 0-6-0 for Sheffield, Ashton-under-Line & Manchester Railway. "Fully listed" by Lowe, but Jack added two 0-4-2 goods engines for the South Staffordshire Railway. Glithero estimates about a dozen locomotives constructed. See also James Garforth..
Garrett, Richard & Sons Ltd. Leiston
Clark gives full history of firm. In 1925 there was an enquiry from the Emu Bay Railway in Tasmania for a steam railcar, but this was not built. The firm approached the LNER with proposals for light shunting locomotives, but the boiler was considered to be too small.
Garswood Hall Colliery Co. Ltd., Garswood
Built 0-6-0ST with inside cylinders in 1884: No. 1 Arthur: scrapped 1933.
Gas, Light & Coke Co. Backton
All locomotives built by Neilsons except Nos. 30 and 31 built in company's workshops in 1902. No. 31 illustrated (Fig. 149)..
Gibb & Hogg, Victoria Engine Works,
Established in 1866 but locomotives were not built until McCulloch Sons & Kennedy closed in 1890. Twenty Kilmarnock type 0-4-0STs, except for one 0-6-0ST supplied to the Eden Colliery. Lowe lists all. One supplied to Meyer of Widnes in 1903 illustrated (Fig. 150). Firm ceased production in 1912. See also letter from R. Abbott in Locomotive Mag., 1944, 50, 111. Robin Barnes (Backtrack, 2020, 34, 422) illustrates one built in 1898 and supplied to Loganlea (a United Collieries pit) and photographed at Cardowan Colliery Stepps in 1967: later plinthed in Dunfermline; then at Summerlee Museum).
Gilkes Wilson & Co., Teesside Engine Works,
Locomotive manufacture began in 1847. Firm produced over one hundred locomotives for SDR (Lowe). Firm founded by Edgar Gilkes with assistance of Isaac Wilson. In 1865 firm merged with Hopkins & Co and became Hopkins & Gilkes Ltd. Lowe includes illustration of 0-6-0ST Kilmar (264/1869) supplied to the Liskeard & Caradon Railway. 351 locomotives were constructed between 1847 and 1875 when locomotive production ceased. Pearce (pp. 1-2 and 103 et seq) notes that Phoenix Iron Works in Shildon (owned Thomas Hackwoth and Downing) was taken over in 1860s.
Glasgow Corporation Gas Works, Provan
According to Lowe's Supplement the City, which built its own tramcars, also constructed a 2ft 6in gauge 0-4-0T in 1919 No. 9 from parts supplied by Andrew Barclay.
Glasgow Railway Engineering Co. Ltd. see Drummond D. & Son
Glengarnock Iron & Steel Co.
Lowe includes drawing (Fig. 158) of 0-4-0ST built in 1913 of Grant Ritchie type probably constructed from parts.
Gordon, Adam, Deptford Green, London
Marine engineers (Lowe); built at least two locomotives; on 21 November 1839 sought permission to try locomotive between New Cross and Croydon.
According to Lowe Supplement built steam road carriages and possibly a locomotive.
Gorton & Co.
Mainly vertical boiler locomotives, but also constructed 0-4-0T Bee for Pease & Partners for the Normanby Iron Works in 1887.
Gourlay Bros. & Co. Ltd. , Dundee
Firms with names beginning "Gr"
Grange Iron Works, Durham
Lowe states that constructed a few locomotives for collieries and ironworks. Purchasers included West Hartlepool Steel & Iron Co. Ltd in 1873.
Grant, W. & Co., Belfast
Tram locomotive supplied to Cave Hill & Whitewell Tramway in 1886. Grant was either an agent or constructed it from parts supplied by Kitsons (4ft 8in gauge).
Grant Ritchie & Co., Townholme Engine Works,
Formerly Grant Bros. Lowe lists 45 locomotives constructed between 1879 and 1930. Output included three crane tanks, two of which were for Glengarnock Iron & Steel Co. Outpout was predominantly 0-4-0ST, or 0-4-2ST type. 522/1907 was supplied to Young's Paraffin Lamp & Mineral Oil Co at Pumpherston.See also Abbott's Crane locomotives.Robin Barnes states that two Grant Ritchie locomotives at Dalmellington entered NCB stock (Backtrack, 2020, 34, 422)
Green, Thomas & Son, Smithfield Ironworks,
North Street, Leeds
Established in 1848. Manufacturers of agricultural machinery. Lowe records that locomotive manufacture began in early 1880s. 157 tram locomotives constructed between 1885 and 1898, many conforming to William Wilkinson patent. 38 ordinary locomotives and these are listed by Lowe. Three 2-6-2Ts were built for the 3ft gauge West Clare Railway betwen 1898 and 1901 (WN 229/234/236). A couple of 0-4-4Ts (WN 180/200) were supplied to the Cork & Muskerry Railway in 1892/3. The Dublin & Blessington Tramway received three locomotives, two of which were 2-4-2Ts which could be driven from both ends.
Greenwood & Batley, Albion Works, Leeds
Builder of second Loftus Perkins patent tramway locomotive in 1878 (first had been built by Yorkshire Engine Co. in 1874). This seconnd had a larger 500psi vertical boiler, triple expansion engine and geared drive via a jackshaft. It was tried on the Leeds tramways, but without success.
Grendon, Thomas & Co. Drogheda Iron Works,
Major Irish manufacturer of locomotives. Firm established in 1835 and locomotive construction began in 1844. Works closed in 1885. Between 600 and 700 employed during peak of output. Total of 45 to 50 locomotives constructed. Lowe. See also Johnston's Locomotives of the GNRI . See Locomotive Mag., 1904, 10, 135-6 for description of Victoria: a 2-2-2 claimed to be first locomotive built thereat for Dublin & Drogheda Raliway in 1845: article calls firm Grendon & Mackay..
Gresham & Craven Ltd., Manchester
Manufacturers of vacuum brake equipment and sewing machines. Founded by James Gresham, Thomas Craven and J.S. Heron. Notes for visit to firm in 1929: Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs., 1929, 117, 710..
Groom & Tattershall, Station Works,
Some records state that firm manufactured locomotives, but this had not been verified by Lowe. The firm did recondition locomotives mainly for the Heyford Iron Co.
Grylls & Co. Llanelly
Lowe records that one locomotive (an 0-8-0) was built for the Monmouthshire Railway & Canal Co. in 1847. Rutherford (Backtrack, 2008, 22, 368) states that the specification for this locomotive was prepared by Henry Colson, briefly the MRC's Engineer: according to Rutherford the 0-8-0 was probably converted to an 0-6-2... .
Guest Keen & Nettlefolds
Dowlais Works, Cardiff
Two locomotives built: 0-4-0ST No. 8 in 1918 and No. 10 of 1919 according to Lowe.
Following locomotives constructed: 0-6-0ST No. 1 of 1911 and No. 3 of 1914; and 0-4-0ST No. 2 of 1928.
Ifor Works, Dowlais
Prior to 1901 GKN had out-sourced all its locomotive work but in that year George Robson was appointed locomotive superintendent and he was responsible for constructing massive and powerful 0-4-0Ts and 0-6-0Ts with Belpaire fireboxes. The 0-4-0Ts had a remarkable likeness to the Hornby 0 gauge products. See Lowe.
Gurney was one of the most successful builders of steam road carriages: these used tubular boilers. C.F. Dendy Marshall's A history of railway locomotives shows that a Gurney locomotive was evaluated by William Crawshay at Cyfartha
Names beginning "Ha"
Hackworth & Downing Shildon
The bulk of Hackworth's career is considered under his personal biography. In 1840 Hackworth terminated his contract with the Stockton & Darlington Railway, but continued locomotive work building 0-4-0 and 0-6-0 types for the Clarence Railway in 1840 and 1849. 2-2-2s were constructed for the London & Brighton Railway to the design of John Gray. Lowe considered that Hackworth's work was "not of a high standard". In 1849 built a second Sanspareil (a 2-2-2 which incorporated many patented ideas).
Hague, John, Cable Street, London
Hague was eventually to be involved in refrigeration engineering. Lowe considers that Hague acted as an agent for Stockton & Darlington Railway No. 42 London rather than the builder. Pearce also considersd this transaction and considers that builder may have been Rennie. In Locomotive Mag. list, 33, 130
Haigh Foundry, Wigan
Hancock, Walter, High Road, Stratford
Builder of road carriages and related to Thomas Hancock, the great innovator in the rubber industry. He patented boilers for his steam carriages and in 1840 a Hancock locomotive was tried on the Eastern Counties Railway: this had a multi-chamber boiler, vertical cylinders and chain drive through a pulley system. Clark's Steam-engine builders of Suffolk, Essex and Cambridgeshire covers the steam carriage period which was during the 1820s and early 1830s.
Hardy Rail Motors Ltd., Slough
See Editorial comment: Locomotive Mag., 1927, 33, 203
Harrington Iron & Coal Co. Harrington
0-4-0ST constructed c1880 No. 8. Works closed in 1921.
Harris, John, Albert Hill Foundry, Darlington
Leased part of William Lister's works. Built about twelve locomotives between 1863-9. These included Victory in 1863; Derwent in 1865 and Byron in 1868 (all 0-4-0ST). Fig. 250. Responded to FR advertisement (Boyd Festiniog Railway). See also letter from RHI in Locomotive Mag., 1923, 29, 155
Harrison & Son (Henley) Ltd., Victoria
Mill, Stanley, Endon, Stoke
Manufacturer of ceramic colours and glazes. In 1885/6 constructed a vertical boiler steam locomotive: this was converted to overhead electric traction in 1910.
Harrison & Clayton, Northampton
Lowe Supplement claims that at least two locomotives constructed: 1ft 9in gauge vertical boiler 0-4-0 for Castle Dykes Iron Ore Co and an 0-4-0ST for a contractor at Northampton Gas Works.
Hartlepool Iron Works see T. Richardson & Sons Ltd.
Hartley, Arnoux & Fanning, Stoke
Manufacturer of machinery for the pottery industry. Started to manufacture railway equipment for Kerr Stuart from 1888 and locomotives from 1891. Output began with 0-4-0T John Bull (Fig. 251). One of more interesting locomotives must have been 2ft 6in gauge locomotive Sir Harry Bullard supplied to Great Yarmouth Port & Harbour Commissioners in 1892.
Hatcham see George England
Hawks & Thompson, Gateshead
General engineers. Built three locomotives for the Newcastle & Carlisle Railway in 1837/8. 0-4-0 Lightning became NER No. 459; 0-6-0 Carlisle (sold to Robert Stephenson) and 2-4-0 Victoria became NER 463. Fig 252: drawing of Lightning. Lowe noted that maker's plate stated Newcastle-on-Tyne, although works were probably located in Gateshead. Possible link with Thompson Bros.
Hawks, W. & Co., Newcastle
See Charlton The first locomotive engineers: firm involved in manufacture of comoponents for early locomotives
Hawthorn R. & W., Forth Bridge Works,
Began as a general engineering firm founded by Robert Hawthorn in 1817. When his brother William joined him in 1820 it adopted the name noted above. Locomotive manufacture began in 1831 with six 0-6-0s for the Stockton & Darlington Railway and a 2-2-2 Modling for Vienna. Firm constructed extraordinary Hurricane and Thunderer for the GWR broad gauge to the designs of T.E. Harrison. The firm became Hawthorn Leslie & Co when it amalgamated with A. Leslie & Co. of Hebburn who were shipbuilders. Ottley 15730 lists Clarke, J.F. Power on land and sea. (1979) which lists locomotives built between 1836 and 1870. Lowe's entry for the firm is thinner than many of its other entries: Lowe appears to have been content to list some of the odder or more notorious (Highland Railway River class) products. State of the works at end of WW1 see Locomotive Mag., 1919, 25, 232. The locomotive part of manufacture was transferred to Robert Stephenson in 1937.
Dewhurst, P.C. and Holcroft, Harold. The Fairlie locomotive - Part 2. Later designs and productions. Trans. Newcomen Soc., 1966, 39, 1-34.
Hunt, David. Locomotive builders to the Midland Railway. Midland Record, (21), 111-26.
Hawthorn supplied some early Midland Railway locomotives: Hunt did not cite his sources.
Ian P. Smith, [Reminiscences letter], Backtrack, 1998, 12, 345.
Hawthorn's & Co., Leith Engine Works, Great
Junction Street, Leith
Hawthorn;'s also owned the Leith Engine Works which began locomotive manufacture in 1846 (prior to the opening of the Royal Border Bridge) and had built about 475 locomotives by 1872. Many of the customers were Scottish railways, but many locomotives were exported. S.D. Davidson (Davison) held patents for locomotives.. Lowe notes that little was known about this part of the firm. See letter from P.C. Dewhurst in Locomotive Mag., 1937, 43, 98. Rowley Locomotives by Hawthorn's of Leith (NBRSG Journal, 2001 (82), 26) notes that it was a fire at the Forth Banks Works in Newcastle in 1846 which prompted the acquisition of Maxton of Leith and equipping it to build locomotives. Robin Barnes painting of 2-4-0WT Nanny built in 1867 and sold to the Dalmellington Iron Comapny in 1874 Backtrack, 2020, 34, 422-5..
Hazeldine & Rastrick Bridgnorth
Lowe notes that this firm manufactured Trevithick's Catch-Me-Who-Can (which was exhibited at what is now Euston Square in London).
Head, T. H. 90 Cannon Street, London
Thomas H. Head is according to Lowe credited with building at least one locomotive including Coffeepot, a vertical boiler 0-4-0T for the Dorking Greystone Lime Co. See Myatt Railway Wld, 1960., 21, 234. See also Head Wrightson (below)
Head Wrlghtson & Co., Teesdale
Formerly Head, Ashly & Co., the firm were general engineers built mainly vertical boiler locomotives during the 1860s and 1870s. According to Lowe some were supplied to the Londonderry Estates and used at Seaham Harbour See Myatt Railway Wld, 1960., 21, 234.
Headly J. & E., Eagle Foundry, Newmarket
In 1849 manufactured a 2-2-0 named Eagle later converted into a 2-2-2WT for the Norfolk Railway. This was a lightweight inspection saloon. (Lowe (Fig. 259 as 2-2-2T with inspection saloon) and . R.H Clark Steam engine builders of Suffolk, Essex and Cambridgeshire. 1950. (Fig. 100 drawing in as built condition))
Heath, Robert & Sons Ltd., Biddulph,
Constructed about eleven locomotives (Syddall Backtrack, 2005, 19, 588 et seq states sixteen) for their own use between 1888 and 1926. From about 1920 became Robert Heath & Low Moor. Lowe includes a separate entry for Cowlishaw Walker & Co which took over the workshops of the Norton and Biddulph Collieries in about 1930 where several locomotives were rebuilt between 1930 and 1934. No 16 (running No. 7) at Victoria Colliery on 15 March 1958 see Br. Rly J. 1995, 6, 233 (illus. on page 235)
Hedley, William. Wylam Colliery
See also life of William Hedley and page on early locomotives. Lowe gave an excellent concise account of locomotive construction under Hedley's direction and his involvement in Puffing Billy. Nevertheless, Lowe should have placed this entry under Wylam Colliery where locomotive development evolved under several famous names..
Heenan & Froude, Worcester
The Company, which also had a factory in Manchester, opened its operation in Worcester in 1903, having moved from the Aston Iron Works in Birmingham to a part of the former Worcester Engine Works Co Ltd site at Shrub Hill. They obtained the premises from J.F. Pease & Co of Darlington, who had acquired them when they took over Dutton & Co Ltd. The works was built in 1865 for the Worcester Engine Works Co Ltd and had also been used by West Central Wagon Co Ltd. The works were associated with the construction of dynamometers including those installed at the Rugby Test Plant and ones built for [pneumatic] tyre testing. Froude developed the dynamometer, but does not appear to have been associated with this company as such. A.P. Good took control of the business in the 1930s. See also Associated Locomotive Equipment Co. Ltd.
Heron & Wilkinson, Forth Street, Elswick,
Lowe's Supplement notes that according to Tomlinson an 0-6-0 was supplied to the Hartlepool Railway in 1842: it became NER No. 124. A drawing of 1841 shows a Hackworth-type of 0-4-0, but it is not known if its was built. In Locomotive Mag. list, 33, 130 (but nothing other than name). There may be a connection with Horner & Wilkinson See also letter from Mecanicien in Locomotive Mag., 1927, 33, 168
Hetton Coal Co. Hetton Lyons, Co. Durham
Location of development of locomotive under George Stephenson between 1820 and 1822. Also, according to Lowe location of manaufacture of two vertical boiler 0-4-0Ts in about 1900: one of which Lyons was described in Locomotive Magazine, 1901, April.
Heywood, Sir Arthur P. Duffield Bank, Derbyshire
Listed by Lowe as a locomotive manufacturer in spite of its exclusion of minimum gauge railways. See also Heywood.
Hick, Benjamin, Soho Ironworks, Bolton
Benjamin Hick founded the firm in 1833 having left Rothwell, Hick & Rothwell in the previous year. His two sons, John and Benjamin joined the firm, but Bejamin junior only stayed for twelve months. John stayed until his father's death in 1842 when William Hargreaves was brought into the partnership and the firm became Hick, Hargreaves & Co. Built about 100 locomotives, although locomotive manufacture never major part of business. In 1833 a four wheel railway carriage was built for Thomas Lever Rushton. Lowe Fig 267: this had a vertical boiler, three cylinders, and was driven through a crankshaft with two gear ratios. The firm sub-contracted to supply Bury-type locomotives. A Norris type 4-2-0 was supplied to the Birmingham & Gloucester Railway. The output was between 90 and 100 locomotives. John Hick retired in 1868. William Inglis brought engineering expertise into the Company being responsible for promoting the high speed Corliss engine. Harris notes that Inglis was a neighbour of Frank Webb in Bolton.
Hunt, David. Locomotive builders to the Midland Railway. Midland Record, (21), 111-26.
Benjamin Hick was one of the external suppliers, but Hunt did not cite his sources.
Harris, Brian. Frank Webb's friends at Bolton. LNWR Society J., 2012, 34-6.
John Hick and his involvement in iron and steel manufacture and locomotive building
See also article by Peter Townend in Rly Arch., 2016 (50), 53 which includes portrait of Benjamin Hick and comment on his three-cylinder locomotive
Hick Hargreaves & Co.: the history of an engineering firm, c.1833-1939: a study, with special reference to technological change and markets P.W. Pilling. Ph.D. (1986), Liverpool (Anderson, B.L.)..
Names beginning Ho
Honeywill Bros., Ashford, Kent
Petrol and narrow gauge locomotives. Locomotive Mag. (1927, 33, 163) list.
Hopkins Gilkes & Co. see Gilkes Wilson & Co.
Hopper, John Co., Britannia Foundry, Fencehouses,
Constructed one locomotive: 0-6-0ST Merrybent for Merrybent & Darlington Railway in 1870. When railway was taken over by NER Merrybent was sold.
Horlock A. & Co., Northfleet Ironworks,
Two locomotives constructed in 1848 for 4ft gauge Dinorwic Slate Quarry: No. 1 Fire Queen and No. 2 Jenny Lind. Fitted with screw reversing gear and Fletcher patent valve gear. Figs. 275/6.
Horner & Wilkinson
Carriage builder, but extremely unlikely that built any locomotives.
Hornsby, Richard & Sons Ltd, Spittlegate
Manufacturer of agricultural machinery. Offered 2-2-0 of traction engine type. R.H. Clark. Steam engine builders of Lincolnshire also built tram engines (illustrated on page 56).
Horseley Coal & Iron Co. Tipton
It should be noted that Lowe incorrectly calls this the Horsley Co. (a strange error for someone trained at Wolverhampton!). .In 1833 a locomotive to the design of Isaac Dodds was submitted for trial on the Liverpool & Manchester Railway. After an accident in 1835 was not purchased but was sold to Dublin & Kingstown Railway as a 2-2-0 Star. The locomotive had been poorly constructed and was dismantled in 1840. Three locomotives were supplied to the St Helens Railway in 1833/5: these were coal fired. John S. Allen is the primary historian of the company: see A history of Horseley, Tipton: 200 years of engineering progress. (Landmark, 2000) rviewed Mike Chrimes (Trans Newcomen Soc) and The history of the Horseley Company to 1865. Trans. Newcomen Soc., 1986, 58, 113-38; also Michael R. Bailey Robert Stephenson and the Horseley Company, Trans Newcomen Soc., 1986, 58, 139-40. Letter from C.M. Dendy Marshall see Locpmotive Mag., 1936, 40, 165.
Howard, J. & F. Ltd., Bedford
Petrol and oil locomotives for contractors, etc.: not in Lowe, but in Locomotive Mag. (1927, 33, 163) list
Hudson, Robert & Co., Gildersome Foundry,
Established in 1865 firm specialised in light railway equipment but all orders for locomotives were passed on either to Hunslet Engine Co or Hudswell Clarke. Narrow gauge 0-6-0WTs manufactured by Hudswell Clarke, but supplied for service in WW1 were known as Hudsons: W.J.K. Davies Light railways of the First World War..
Hudswell & Clarke, Railway Foundry, Leeds see separate page.
Hughes, Henry & Co., Falcon Works,
Hughes, Owen ,Valley Foundry, Anglesey
General engineering firm sometimes credited with building two vertical boiler locomotives: 3ft gauge locomotive Mona supplied to Brundrit & Co of Penmaenmawr and Coetmor used by Parry & Co whilst building the Penrhyn Railway which was completed in 1876 and was sold to Lord Penrhyn's Slate Quarries and re-named Bronllwyd. The locomotives may have been manufactured by Chaplin and reconditioned by Owen Hughes.
Hulburd Engineering later Hulburd Patents, Acton
Advertisement The Locomotive, 1924 and Hoole Illustrated history of NER locomotives: supplier of Servo single-beat regulators See also James Hopewell Smith.
Hunslet Engine Co. Ltd. Leeds see separate page
S.H. Hunt & Co., Bournemouth
Built Henry Greenly designed 15 inch gauge Pacific Sir Aubrey Brocklebank for Ravenglass & Eskdale Railway: not in Lowe, but in Locomotive Mag. (1927, 33, 163) list and Locomotive Mag., 1919, 25, 65.
Hurst Nelson, Motherwell
Major manufacturer of railway rolling stock, including for overseas, equipment for mines and quarries, and tramcars, including some supplied to the London County Council. KPJ indexed a collecction of plates held by the Motherwell & Wishaw Public Library in 1960/1: a return visit by KPJ in 2012-05 showed that the works official photographs included a narrow gauge locomotive of the type used on plantations of crops like sisal (the collection including the index on cards is now housed in an industrial heritage museum in Motherwell). Lowe notes that the carriage portion of a large steam railcar was supplied to the Port Talbot Railway in 1906 (engine portion supplied by R.&W. Hawthorn). J.I.C. Boyd's The Festiniog Railway: page 277 notes that a Birkenhead firm offered the Festiniog Railway Mountaineer (a four-coupled saddle tank) from Hurst Nelson. Did Hurst Nelson trade in secondhand locomotives for a time? At a meeting of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers in Glasgow on 3 November 1921 (Journal, 11, 777), a G.N. Chalmers of Hurst, Nelson & Co. was present. The Locomotive Magazine Project has thrown up another snippet: see Locomotive... 1945, 51, 93 for a letter from R.N. Clements concerning an 0-4-0ST named Otter which beloned to the Carnlough Lime Co. and also used Hurst Nelson wagons. Also Storage battery electric locomotive. Locomotive Mag., 1905, 11, 157.Hurst Nelson vehicle for Great Nortern, Piccadilly & Brompton Railway: housed 80 chloride cells.
Hutchinson, Hollingsworth & Co. Ltd.,
Dobcross, Saddleworth, Yorks
Lowe Supplement notes that a locomotive was constructed from parts of Atkinson Walker No. 103 which had been purchased in 1935. KPJ actually saw this chicken shed on wheels in early 1950s.
Names beginning "I"
I'Anson, C. & Co, Hope Town Foundry, Darlington
Charles I'Anson was cousin of Alfred Kitching. Five tank locomotives were constructed between 1875 and 1881. According to correspondence in The Engineer in 1920 six locomotives were constructed between 1875 and 1885 (five by I'Anson and another by Thomas Hudson). The works were later known as Whessoe Foundry. Pearce p. 70..
Ince Forge Co. Wigan
In 1878 three sets of parts for 2-4-0STs were sent to Newton Abbot for erection, but as SDR had become part of the GWR the parts were sent onto Swindon where they were completed as side tanks: 1298-1300: 1299 was fitted with a crane in 1881.
Inglis, George & Co., Albert Works, Airdrie
Firm built 0-4-0STs between early 1900s and 1928 (Lowe ). One was supplied to Lanarkshire Steel Company in 1900 and last was Pindale (WN E.800) for G. & T. Earle at Hope (see also Archive 32, page 34). Fig. 291 showed Inglis locomotive at Redding Colliery, Falkirk. Robin Barnes painting of Inglis 3/1912 at Redding Colliery, see Backtrack, 2020, 34, 360/; also table of locomotives supplied to James Nimmo & Co.
Harry Jack Locomotives of the LNWR Southern Division John Inshaw of Birmingham built a locomotive for Dr William Church. in 1837.
Surnames beginning "J"
Jackson, F.W., North London
James Matthews of Bristol patented a tram engine in 1879. The actual tram was built at the Kinsbury Ironworks, Ball's Pond, London (Higgins, S.H.Pearce: The Wantage Tramway) and Railway Archive, 2012 (36) p. 57.
Johnson, Bryan, Chester
Firm quoted for two Festiniog Railway locomotives on 29 October 1862 and again for three locomotives on 1 November. Lowe states that no evidence that any actual locomotive building took place. Also Boyd Festiniog Railway.
Johnson, C. G. & Co., Exchange Place,
Firm advertised as locomotive builders, but no evidence that any actual locomotive building took place. See letter from Montague Smith in Locomotive Mag., 1950, 56, 182..
Johnson, H. W. see E. Borrows & Sons
Johnson & McNab, Port Dundas
Mainly a coach builder, but built one locomotive (0-4-0) Glasgow for Garnkirk & Glasgow Railway in 1832 and was identical to No. 1 supplied by Robert Stephenson & Co who supplied drawings. (Lowe)
Joicey, J. & G. & Co., Forth Banks West Foundry, Newcastle
Jacob Gowland Joicey was a partner in this firm which built about 24 locomotives between 1867 and 1894, all for concerns in North East England. According to Lowe little information is recorded (he tabulated what was available). In 1924 the firm amalgamated with Lambton & Hetton Collieries to become Lambton, Hetton & Joicey Collieries.
Jones, John, William Street, Liverpool
John Jones had been a partner in Jones, Turner & Evans and when that organization ceased trading in 1852 he commenced building on his own in 1853 and continued through to 1863 continuing the Viaduct Foundry numbers from 292 to 342. Most of the output went to Argentina. See also Norman Johnston Locomotives of the GNRI page 33 (Fig. 20) for Londonderry & Enniskillin Railway Nos. 13 and (2-4-0s) and page 56 (Fig. 37) for an outside-cylinder 2-4-0T possibly manufactured by Jones for the Newry & Armagh Railway..The Lowe entry shows 338/1863 a 2-4-0T La Plata supplied to the Buenos Ayres Northern Railway..
Jones, Turner & Evans, Viaduct Foundry, Newton-Le-Willows
Firm started in 1837/8 receiving sub-contracts from Edward Bury and Robert Stephenson & Co. Three ballast engines (0-4-2s) supplied to London & Southampton Railway in 1837/8. (Bradley attributes these to John Jones of Viaduct Foundry) Six broad gauge 4-2-2 Firefly locomotives were supplied to the GWR. Many locomotives were supplied to the Eastern Counties Railway. In 1844 the firm became Jones & Potts (John Jones and Arthur Potts). Seven small 2-2-2WTs were constructed for the London & Blackwall Railway in 1848. Lowe did not supply a list. Jack adds a contractor's locomotive (Joseph Thornton) for the London & Birmingham Railway. Total output was probably slightly less than 300.
Names beginning K
Keef, Alan Ltd
Manufacturer of small steam and internal combutsion powered locomotives which are used in amusement parks asa well as in a wide variety of industries: sugar cane, mining and agriculture. See book
Kenworthy Taylor & Co. Barnsley Foundry,
Built tank locomotives: Lowe had no further information.
Kerr, Mitchell & Neilson see Neilson & Mitchell
Kerr Stuart & Co. Ltd, California Works, Stoke-on-Trent
Kilmamnock Engineering Co., Britannia Works,
Successors to Dick, Kerr in 1919. About 27 locomotives (narrow gauge) were constructed in 1920. Customers included Associated Portland Cement (500/1920 illustrated) and Islip Quarries.
Kingsbury Ironworks, London see James Matthews
Kinmond Hutton & Steel, Wallace Foundry, Dundee
Kirkless Hall Coal & Iron Co. see Wigan Coal & Iron Co. Ltd
Kirtley & Co., Dallam Foundry, Warrington
Manufactured locomotives between 1837 and 1841. Marshall shows that this activity was by Thomas Kirtley: in which case the reference by Lowe to William Kirtley may be incorrect. Bury type 2-2-0 locomotives were supplied to the Leeds & Selby Railway. Five were also supplied to the Leipzig & Dresden Railway. A 2-2-2 was supplied to the Stockton & Darlington Railway: No. 52 Comet. See also Dewrance Locomotive Mag., 1943, 49, 180.
Kitching, W. & A., Hope Town Foundry, Darlington
Quaker family business established in 1790. William and Alfred Kitching constructed locomotives between 1835 and 1860. After which Charles I'Anson manufactured locomotives at the Foundry.William Kitching served on the Committee of the Stockton & Darlington Railway and this railway was William Kitching's major customer. The 2-4-0 Hackworth with outside frames and a domed boiler represnted quite a step forward in design according to Lowe. 0-6-0 No. 25 Derwent is preserved. The only non-SDR locomotives went to the Clarence Railway (an 0-6-0 in 1840).two 0-4-2s in 1847 to the Whitehaven & Furness Junction Railway. Other significant locomotives were SDR 2-2-2 Raby Castle and Queen which was driven via a crankshaft. Pearce disputes (pp. 68-9) some of the statements made by Lowe concerning Kitchings and notes that "there has been a lot of confusion about Kitchings first two engines". William Kitching designed and built the first hopper wagons according to Lowe. see also Locomotive Mag., 1904, 10, 60...
Kitson & Co. see separate page
Names beginning L
Lawrence, H.M., Liverpool
Responded to Festiniog Railway advertisement of 1862 (Boyd Festiniog Railway)
Lennox Lange, Glasgow
Lowe states that firm did not manufacture locomotives, but dealt with the products of other firms. Fig. 318 shows 0-4-2ST with Lennox Lange plates for 1882. Earliest Snailbeach District Raiulways locomotive Fernhill attributed to Lennox Lange, but see reservations.Locomotive Mag, 1944, 50, 179.
Lewin, Stephen, Poole Foundry, South Road, Poole
Lowe is probably the definitive source of information about Lewin and his somewhat eccentric narrow gauge locomotives supplied to a variety of concerns including the local clay pits owned by Fayle, to the Isle of Man (Laxey Leadmines) and to the Torrington & Marland Railway. See also Andrew Neale. Traction engine locomotives. Archive, 2015 (87) 2-21. See also letter from RHI in Locomotive Mag., 1923, 29, 155 .
Lilleshall Co., St George's, Oakengates
Firm was established in 1764 but did not become involved with locomotives until an Exhibition Locomotive was constructed in 1862. Thereafter, until 1888, locomotives were built both for industrial customers and for internal use. (Lowe). Cannock & Rugeley Colliery 0-6-0ST Anglesey of 1868 Fig. 322 illustrated. Two of the three sold to Brain of Cinderford are illustrated in Archive, 2014 (84), 7: upper Free Miner (0-4-0T) and lower Trafalgar (0-4-2T): see also Archive, 2016 (91) 35 lower for photograph of Marquis.
Lingford Gardiner Co. Ltd., Railway Street, Bishop Auckland
Established in late 1850s firm did not build locomotives until 1900. Manufacture ceased in 1931. Lowe gives a partial listing of output.
Lowe states that two locomotives were constructed for the York and North Midland Railway in 1842.
Lister, William, Hope Town, Darlington
Four locomotives were constructed for the Stockton & Darlington Railway and a further two were constructed for the Clarence Railway, See Pearce page 2: lists 12 Majestic, 7 Rocket and 3 Black Diamond. (aslo Lowe). See also John Harris.
Lowe Supplement notes one 0-4-0ST Llamsamlet supplied to Foxhole Collieries in 1887 then sold to Richard Thomas & Co. Aber Tinplate Works at Llansamlet.
Locomotive Enterprises (1975) Ltd., Bowes Railway,
Venture conceived by Michael Satow to manufacture reproductions of historical steam locomotives.
Longbottom, Railway Foundry, Barnsley
0-6-0T built about 1847: repaired at Swindon in 1861: worked on construction of Hundred of Manhood & Selsey tramway where named as Chichester: converted to a proper 0-4-2ST by Avonside (it had worked as Chichester with rear driving wheels uncoupled) and scrapped in 1913. Loco. Mag., 1909, 15, 54..
Longridge, R. B. & Co., Bedlington
Lowca Engineering Co. Ltd. see Tulk & Lay
Lysaght, John Ltd. Normanby Park Steel Works,
Using parts supplied by Peckett five locomotives were replaced between 1942 (Number 2, 3ft gauge 0-4-0ST), 1945 (Numbers 22 and 23, standard gauge 0-4-0STs) and 1946 (3ft gauge 0-4-0ST).
Firms beginning "Ma-"
McCulloch Sons & Kennedy, Kilmarnock
Mainly manufacturers of colliery machinery, but also constructed a few 0-4-0STs of the Kilmarnock type which were supplied mainly to local collieries and also to New Zealand. WN 324/1890 became Wemyss Coal Co. No. 11. Firm closed in 1890 and patterns and drawings passed to Gibb & Hogg of Airdrie.
No information (Lowe)
McHendrick & Ball, Glasgow
Vertical boiler 0-4-0T supplied to William Lee, Son & Co. for 4ft 3in gauge line at Halling in Kent. See also letter from R. Abbott in Locomotive Mag., 1944, 50, 111 and .Locomotive Mag, 1944, 50, 179: latter refers to McKendrick & Ball.
McKinnell, James A.B., Palmerston Foundry,
Terregles Street, Dumfries
Founded in 1818: two vertical boilered locomotives supplied: one to Marcus Bain, Gatelawbridge Quarry, near Thornhill and a 2ft 6in gauge vertical-boiler 0-4-0 for the Kelhead Lime & Coal Co. of Annan. (Lowe Supplement )
McLaren, J. H., Midland Engine Works, Leeds
Produced two locomotives of traction engine type: WN 614/1896 2-2-0 for Glenlivet Distillery and WN 1547/1915 compound 0-4-0 for Hall & Co of Croydon. See also Andrew Neale. Traction engine locomotives. Archive, 2015 (87) 2-21..
Mallett, J. & R., Seville Ironworks,
Shepherd notes that Mallett agreed to supply five locomotives to the nascent MGWR, but had to transfer the order to Thos. Grendon & Co. at the Drogheda Ironworks.
Manlove, Alliott & Fryer, Bloomsgrove Works,
Ilkeston Road, Nottingham
Edward Perrett designed steam tram or steam railcar with two vertical boilers in 1876. Tried on Nottingham Tramways and same vehilce? may have been used on Dublin & Lucan Tramway. Lowe .
Manning Wardle & Co. Leeds see separate page
Markham & Co. Ltd., Chesterfield
Lowe's use of the earliest company name tends to obscure important links: in this case the entry was under Oliver. The Victoria Foundry near Chesterfield, Derbyshire was owned and run by William Oliver and his father John Oliver from the mid-1850s until 1862 when, following the death of the father, it became the sole property of William. The Victoria Foundry, located at what was formerly Shepley's Yard, relocated to a greenfield site at Broad Oaks Meadows, south east of the town centre close by the Midland Railways main line. Disaster hit the business in 1885, a slump in the coal and iron trades and the high overheads of the new factory and equipment undermined the firm and the following year Oliver called in the receivers. In 1889 the business was sold to industrialist Charles Paxton Markham, son of Charles Markham, of locomotive coal burning fame, and became Markham & Co. Ltd. Markham's continued the business of building winding engines for collieries begun by Oliver and supplied many collieries in Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and South Yorkshire. So well known were Markham's products that in the ten years from 1927, in a time of economic depression, the Markham works built 20 winding engines for gold mines in South Africa, giving the Chesterfield workforce regular work in a difficult period. By 1948 the company had built more than 200 steam and electric winding engines and associated machinery for the home and export markets including a mine winder with a 34 feet diameter drum, 7 feet larger than the ones which made William Oliver move to new premises.(from Wikipedia 24-03-2013). Article and table of total output by Ian Duncan. Locomotive Mag., 1946, 52, 20
Metre Gauge Engine "Tommy" (Photo by Mr. Stoyal) According to Lowe firm designed an 0-4-0ST specifically for ironstone quarry work and two were ordered by the Cranford Ironstone Co. in 1888: these were metre gauge 0-4-0STs William (see Rly Arch., 2010 (26), 47 for picture of locomotive named as Tommy and working on Crich Mineral Railway) and The Baronet (latter Fig. 453). In 1889 the firm was acquired by Markham & Co. which had interests in several collieries and quarries, mainly the Staveley Coal & Iron Co. The only exception to manufacture for local companies was Dalmellington Iron Co. No. 15 built in 1909. All were 0-4-0STs except for one 0-6-0ST Violet for Staveley Coal & Iron
0-4-0ST Gladys WN 109/1894 acquired from Stanton & Staveley for preservation by Midland Railway Ptoject Group (Railway Wld, 1971, 32, 487) Robin Barnes notes that a Marham 0-4-0ST built in 1919 was part of the stock handed over to the NCB at Dalmellington (Waterside) in 1947: Backtrack, 2020, 34, 422. ,
Marsden, John W. Union Foundry [Caernarvon?].
Quoted for three locos: Festiniog Railway 29 October 1862 (Boyd Festiniog Railway).
Marshall, Fleming & Jack, Dellburn Works, Motherwell
Works established about 1890 mainly for the construction of cranes. In addition to the orthodox travelling railway cranes usually propelled by gearing on to one axle, this firm built a number of 0-4-0CTs with outside cylinders and vertical boilers. These were built from 1896 but the number built and customers are not known. In 1907 Mr Jack resigned and the firm became Marshall Fleming. and subsequently Marshall Fleming & Co. Ltd. (Lowe).
Marshall, William, Gravesend
Entry from Lowe (which gives no information about firm as such) used to form basis for entry for London & Greenwich Railway
Marshall Sons & Co. Ltd., Britannia Ironworks,
Commenced as blacksmiths in 1848: in early 1850s manufactured portable engines and later traction engines. Supplied three locomotives of traction engine type: 6402/1878 for Pepper and Son; 36741/1902 for own use and another in 1898. See also James Marshall.. See also Andrew Neale. Traction engine locomotives. Archive, 2015 (87) 2-21.
Martyn Bros., Chapelside Works, Airdrie
Acquired Dick & Stevensons patterns and drawings in 1890 and over next ten years built at least two and possibly six locomotives from these designs.
Mather Dixon, Bath Street Foundry, Liverpool
Established November 1826 as marine engineers (John Wilson). Locomotive building began in February 1827 with an 0-4-0T for internal use. Grace's Guide notes that Wigan built for Wigan branch railway in 1830,.Edward Bury sub-contracted an order for three locomotives for the Petersburg Railroad: two 0-4-0 New York and Philadelphia and one 2-2-0 Petersburg. Four small locomotives were supplied to Liverpool Docks. Two steam cranes were constructed for Birkenhead Docks. A tank engine was supplied to Haydock Colliery and four 0-4-0 locomotives were constructed for the War Department in 1835 and three very similar ones were constructed for the Russian Government. The Worsley Colliery, and the Duke of Bridgewater Colliery (two) and the North Union Railway were supplied. Hargreaves of Bolton acquired a 2-4-0 in 1836. 7ft (Premier, Ariel, Ajax and Mars) and 8ft (Planet and Mercury) singles were supplied to the GWR broad gauge. One 2-2-2 was supplied to the Tsarskoe Selo Railway in Russia. 75 locomotives were constructed between 1827 and 1843 when the form was forced out of business due to competition. Sekon's Evolution of the steam locomotive (1899) pp. 73-4 notes (and probably quotes from a letter by John Grantham i(KPJ should be Wilson) the Engineer for 3 January 1896): the involvement of the following at Mather Dixon: John Grantham (principal in the drawing office), Robert Hughes, manager of the marine department afterwards at the Royal Arsenal at Woolwich, Banks locomotive foreman afterwards at Derby.
Matthews, James, Broad Street, Bristol
James Matthews patented a tram engine in 1879. The actual tram was built either by Fox Walker (Whitcombe) or at the Kinsbury Ironworks, Ball's Pond, London (Higgins, S.H.Pearce: The Wantage Tramway) Lowe and Whitcombe, H.A. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1937, 27, 327 (Paper 369) and Railway Archive, 2012 (36) p. 57.
Maudslay Sons & Field, Lambeth Marsh,
Firm which was far better known in other contexts built twelve Bury-type 0-4-0 locomotives for the London & Birmingham Railway in 1838 (79-82) and 1839 (83-90). (Lowe). Maudslay's activities in terms of stationary engines is recorded by J. Foster Petree. Maudslay, Sons & Field as general engineers. Trans Newcomen Soc., 1934/35, 15, 39-61. Also F.T. Evans: The Maudslay touch. Trans. Newcomen Soc., 66, 153-74. See also Brian Reed's commnts.
Melling, John, Rainhill
Both John Melling and his son were associated with locomotive maintenance on the LMR. Three locomotives (probably 0-4-0s) may have been produced for the Grand Junction Railway in 1841/2and sold for £1400 each. (Lowe)
Merryweather & Sons Ltd., Tram Locomotive
Works, Greenwich Road, London
The firm was originally established in 1690 by Nathaniel Hadley and was taken over by Moses Merryweather in 1836. In the 1860s the firm was known as Merryweather & Field (Field was the name of the innovator of a vertical boiler). In the 1870s the firm became involved in steam trams, initialy using the Field boiler, but later the Shand Mason boiler. An early tram engine went to the Wantage Tramway, but this could not enter service until 30 June 1876 as powers did not exist to use steam until then, but lasted there until 1920. The locomotives were known as dummies and were fitted with horizontal boilers. 46 were supplied to Paris tramways bewteen 1875 and 1877. Condenesers were not fitted to locomotives working in hot climates, e.g. those for Barcelona.
Vehicles were supplied to Wellington (New Zealand), Kassel, Guernsey, the Dutch Rhenish system, the Dewsbury, Batley & Birstall Tramway, Rangoon, the Stockton & Darlington Steam Tramways, the Alford & Sutton Tramway and to the North London Tramways.
Lowe and Whitcombe, H.A. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1937, 27, 327 (Paper 369)
Firms beginning "Mi"
Miller & Co. , Vulcan Foundry, Coatbridge
Probably only agents, but supplied at least one 3ft gauge 0-4-0ST to Tudhoe Ironworks.
Miller & Barnes, Glass House Field,
Firm was established in 1822 by Joseph Miller and John Barnes. Firm quoted for supplying a locomotive to North Midland Railway in 1838, but in 1840 the company was taken over by Simpson & Co. in 1840 which probably supplied these locomotives.
Millls Forge Co.
Built locomotives for St. Helens Railway See letter from R. Abbott in Locomotive Mag., 1944, 50, 111
Morrison, Robert & Co., Ouseburn Engine
According to Lowe built ten out of order for twenty locomotives for the East Indian Railways and then became bankrupt in 1855/6.
Murdoch, Aitken & Co. Hill Street Foundry,
Lowe: Early locomotive builder; building two 0-4-0s for the Monkland & Kirkintilloch Railway in 1831; three locomotives for the Garnkirk & Glasgow Railway in 1833-6; Vulture (0-4-0) for the London & Southampton Railway in 1836 (Bradley called this a ballast engine); two 2-2-2s for the Paisley & Renfrew Railway in 1837 and an 0-4-0 for the Slamannan Railway in 1841. Note error in caption to Fig. 408. Jas. F. McEwan. Centenary of the Garnkirk and Glasgow Ry. Locomotive Mag., 1931, 37, 354-6. 5 diagrams Glasgow locomotive builders to t he world states thar"The date of origin of this firm is unclear, but for some time after its foundation it was a general engineering firm producing pumps, machine tools, and marine, high pressure and stationary steam engines. Its Works were at Hill Street Foundry in Glasgow, and it was the first firm to receive an order for steam railway locomotives in Scotland. As such Murdoch, Aitken & Co. laid the foundation of what was to become one of Glasgow's major industries. That historic first order was for the construction of two locomotives, of 0-4-0 wheel arrangement, for the Monkland and Kirkintilloch Railway. The first was completed in May 1831 and the second in September of the same year. This order was followed by one from the Garnkirk and Glasgow Railway, which had opened to the public on 27th September 1831, for an 0-6-0, a 2-2-0, and an 0-4-0, which were duly completed in 1833, 1834 and 1836 respectively. Further orders came from the Paisley and Renfrew Railway and the Slamannan Railway, with one order for an 0-4-0 for the London and Southampton Railway, probably the first locomotive built in Glasgow for outwith Scotland. This locomotive functioned until 1848 when it was wrecked beyond repair in a collision. Murdoch, Aitken & Co. seem to have built reliable engines, but following the completion of an 0-4-0 for the Slamannan Railway in 1841, construction ceased. In view of what the Glasgow locomotive industry was to become, it can only be a matter of speculation as to what success they may have achieved had they persisted. The designs for their locomotives had been submitted by the engineers of the railway companies placing the orders, and were on the whole based on locomotives built by Robert Stephenson & Co. Some of the designs were improved versions of the by now famous "Rocket"."
Murray & Paterson, Coatbridge
Firm constructed mining machinery: in 1880s firm constructed two locomotives, one for South America, probably Brazil; the other (WN 205) went to Australia in 1885. Lowe Supplement states that locomotives followed Kilmarnock style. Firm also rebuilt and repaired locomotives.
Firms beginning "N"
Fletcher states that Nairn designed a steam omnibus capable of running between Leith and Edinburgh and of running excursions from Edinburgh to Portobello in the 1870s. It was capable of carrying fifty passengers and had a Field boiler.
Nasmyth Gaskell &
Established with financcial backing from Holbrook Gaskell (ODNB entry for Nasmyth): Lowe who notes that name changed to James Nasmyth. & Co. in 1850 and to Patricroft Iron Works in 1857. In 1867 the firm became Nasmyth Wilson & Co. when Robert Wilson joined the firm and became Ltd in 1882. The firm was wound up in 1939 1531 locomotives were produced between 1839 (when manufacture began with nine locomotives) and 1939. Between 1873 and 1938 out of a total output of 1307 locomotives, 1188 were for export: India was an important market. Home orders included 32 Robinson 2-8-0s during WW1 (twenty 2-8-0s were also supplied to the design of Chemin de Fer l'Etat to France in same period). Ten 4-4-2Ts and five 0-6-0s were supplied to GNR(I) and the LMS ordered five 4-4-2Ts of LTSR design and ten 0-4-4Ts of CR design in the early 1920s. See also James Hall Nasmyth. 0-6-0ST for Vivian & Sons. Locomotive Mag, 1919, 25, 141. Stephen Duffell Nasmyth Gaskell... Backtrack, 2019, 33, 563-5.
Moore, G.S. Nasmyth, Wilson & Co. Bristol: Artley Hall, 1981. (Ottley 15781)
Cantrell, John. Nasmyth, Wilson & Co., Patricroft locomotive builders. Stroud: Tempus, 2005.
Reviewed by John Marshall in J. Rly Canal Hist. Soc., 2005, 35, 209: he received it well noting the bibliography, index and complete record of locomotives manufactured.
See also Abbott's Crane locomotives.
Notes prepared for visit during Manchester meeting. Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs, 1929, 117, 729.
Neasham & Welch. Stockton-on-Tees
Two paragraphs in Lowe note that one locomotive was supplied to the Stockton & Darlington Railway in 1840: 27 Whitton Castle. Another (0-6-0) was supplied to the Clarence Railway.
Neath Abbey Iron Co. Briton Ferry
A significant builder of early locomotives. Also built locomotives for the Bodmin & Wadebridge Railway in Cornwall. Lowe (Macnair argues that there are significant errors in Lowe's Neath Abbey entry): typically this is an extensive entry. ODNB entry (by Lawrence Ince) for Peter Price and his son Joseph Tregelles gives valuable information about the firm and its links with Cornwall. See also Henry Taylor.. C.F. Dendy Marshall (Chap. 18) lists the following: Speedwell ordered by Thomas Brothers for use on tramways of Monmouthshire Canal c1829 (Fig. 87); Hercules for Sirhowy Railway; Twin chimney locomotive for Dowlais Iron Co. (Fig. 89) chimneys could be folded down; a similar locomotive for the Rhymney Iron Works in 1837; Royal William for Gloucester & Cheltenham Railway (water-tube boiler (Fig. 90)); Camel for Bodmin & Wadebridge Railway (Fig. 91)
Bosham, John. The Bodmin and Wadebridge Railway: "a link with the past". Rly Mag., 1900, 7, 119-24.
Line opened 1 July 1834 (illustration of Camel hauling original train). Both of the original locomotives were supplied by Neath Abbey namely Camel and Elephant: both were 0-6-0s with 3ft 10in wheels. Former had 10½ x 20in cylinders; latter 12 x 24in. Photograph of one of original trains with locomotive;
Newbattle Colliery, Newton Grange,
Lowe notes that a single locomotive is purported to have been built in the colliery workshops in 1927 possibly without the permission of Andrew Barclay whose drawings may have been used. The locomotive was an 0-4-0ST. Cites Industrial Railway Society's Bulletins Nos. 100 and 102.
New Lowca Engineering Co. Ltd. see Tulk & Ley
Nicholls Williams & Co. Tavistock
Lowe Firm supplied one or two locomotives to Devon Great Consuls in about 1850.
North British Locomotive Co. Glasgow see separate file
North Eastern Steel Co. Ltd. Middlesbrough
Lowe notes that five locomotives were replaced with similar machines between 1919 and 1926. By the latter date the firm had become part of the Dorman Long Group
Firms: names beginning "O"
Oliver & Co. Ltd., Broad Oak Works, Chesterfield
Ormerod Grierson & Co., Manchester
The English Mechanic for 1881 refers to experiments in Liverpool with steam locomotives and a steam car constructed to Apsley's patent by Ormerod Grierson. Lowe was unable to confirm.
Ouseburn Foundry, Newcastle
C.F. Dendy Marshall noted that Phineas Crowther built a locomotive at the Ouseburn Foundry for the Lambton Waggonway in 1814..
Firms: names beginning "P"
Parfitt & Jenkins, Cardiff
A general engineering firm which constructed thirteen 0-6-0ST locomotives between 1869 and 1881. These were supplied to the Marquis of Bute's Railway. Some were evntually absorbed into GWR stock.Lowe Fig 457 shows GWR 697, formerly Cardiff Railway No. 18 built in 1875 . RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10 . Locomotive Mag., 1927, 33, 237-.
Lowe could not trace any information on firm of this name which may have been David Parry of Leeds Iron Works which operated during the 1860s and 1870s.
Partington Steel & Iron Co. Ltd. Irlam
Did not build locomotives, but many were supplied by Pearson & Knowles> Bought one secondhand Peckett No. 1036 in about 1937 and subjected it to a major overhaul which included a new boiler supplied by Peckett.
Patricroft Ironworks see Nasmyth Gaskell & Co.
Pearson & Knowles Coal & Iron Co. Ltd.,
Dallam Forge, Warrington
Established c1870: concentrated on structural and general engineering. Firm had coal mining interests. Locomotives built from 1899 for own use similar to those supplied by Fletcher Jennings, including the patented valve layout. Two inside cylinder 0-6-0Ts built 1910/11 for colliery use. Five 0-4-0STs constructed similar to Hudswell Clarke design. At least two 0-6-0STs built 1916-17. It has been suggested that firm built six 0-6-0STs in 1916/17 for Inland Waterways and Docks. Henry was bought by J.F. Wake from War Department at Risborough, was repaired and sold to Wharncliffe Woodman Colliery (their No. 2). At least twelve (possibly more) locomotives built. The company was restructured in 1930. Fig. 457: 0-6-0ST of 1911: John.
Peckett & Sons Ltd. see separate file
Peel, Williams & Peel, Soho Works, Ancoats
2-2-0 Soho completed in September 1839 and tried on Liverpool & Manchester Railway. Subsequently, Manchester was tested on Manchester & Leeds Railway: Lowe considers that might have been the same locomotive. In 1848 tendered for two locomotives for Manchester & Leeds Railway. Lowe cites an extensive bibliography including J. Stephenson Loco. Soc., 1956 (No. 376 October). Firm existed from 1800s to 1887.
Pemberton Colliery Ltd. see Blundell, Jonathan & Son
Penydarren Ironworks see Richard Trevithick
Phillips. Charles D., Emlyn Engineering Works,
Lowe stated that very litle information available: firm overhauled contractor's locomotives. Firm also known as Watkins & Phillips..
Phoenix Foundry, Stoke-on-Trent
Locomotive supplied to Lilleshall Co. c1859: 0-6-0T Phoenix No. 3: withdrawn 1914 (Lowe )
Pickering R. Y. & Co., Wishaw
Firm's records lost in 1980: supplied four-wheel steam railcar (railbus) to Kent & East Sussex Railway (Lowe )
See also biographiy of Arthur Hewitt Gilling.
Firms: names beginning "Ra"
Ramsay Condensing Locomotive Co., Glasgow
Holder of patents for Ramsay-Reid steam turbine condensing locomotive: see Ramsay and George Frederick Jones; also Duffy and Tufnell.
Ransomes & Rapier Ltd., Waterside Works,
Formed as branch of Ransomes, Sims & Head in 1868 to concentrate on railway plant. In 1876 three small locomotives were supplied to China for the 2ft 6in gauge Shanghai & Woosung Railway: these were 0-4-0ST Pioneer (used in construction) and 0-4-2Ts Celestial Empire and Flowering Land. Lowe also indicated that a larger locomotive Viceroy was also supplied. Locomotive Mag., 1939, 45, 112. R.H Clark Steam engine builders of Suffolk, Essex and Cambridgeshire. 1950. refers to the Calcutta class of 0-6-0Ts, the Lima class of 0-4-2Ts and the Ipswich type of 0-4-2 and refers to the steam breakdown cranes (outwith Lowe's terms of reference). Moffat East Anglia's first railways shows involvement of Ransome family in affairs of Eastern Union Railway (notably in acquistion of locomotives from Charles Sharp in Manchester. See also Sir Wilfrid Stokes, Chairman.See also Tatlow, Peter. LMS 35/50 ton steam breakdown cranes. LMS Journal, 2007 (18), 7-27,.
Fisher, Chris and Hudson, Keith. Ransomes and Rapiers
locomotives. Peterborough: Industrial Railway Soc.,
Reviewed in Backtrack, 2003, 17, page 235 by Michael Rutherford: review suggests that the firm's activities may have been slightly greater than indicated above.
Rayne & Burn, Newcastle
Lowe states that activities limited to being agents or sub-contractors. Three six-coupled locomotives were supplied to the General Mining Association Railways in Nova Scotia. One went to the Acadia Coal Co in Stellaton in 1853 and this was named Albion. Halifax and Pictou were supplied to Nova Scotia in 1854. Fig 460 shows Albion. In 1845 a locomotive was supplied to the Great Grimsby & Sheffield Junction Railway: a 2-4-0 No. 60 Nemesis. See also Locomotive Mag., 1911, 17, 166-7. and Locomotive Mag., 1935, 41, 247. and letter from C.F. Dendy Marshall in Locomotive Mag., 1943, 49, 128
Rennie G. & J. Holland Street, Blackfriars,
Established in 1824 by George and John Rennie in Stamford Street, and moved in 1833 to Holland Street. George, the elder brother, was in charge of the mechanical side of the business and John of the civil engineering, becoming famous subsequently, as Sir John Rennie. The great demand for railway locomotives led them to build in 1838. Five single drivers were constructed for the London and Southampton Railway. They had outside frames and inside cylinders; the boilers had a combined dome and safety valve close to the chimney and the round top firebox, raised, had spring balance safety valves mounted on top. The valve gear was J. & C. Carmichael's patent, with one fixed eccentric.
The next order was for two 0-4-2s for the London & Croydon Railway and were similar in appearance to Alexander Allan's later design used on the Caledonian and Scottish Central railways. They had outside cylinders and the driving wheels were flangeless. The valve gear was Carmichael's and the valve chests were inside the frames. Four further six-wheeled single driver locomotives were built; three for the London & Brighton Railway and one exported to Germany. In 1841-2 two more were delivered to the Joint railway committee (SER/L&BR?). Jack (page 74) records that Rennie products were evaluated as ballast locomotives on the London & Birmingham Railway
The only 7' broad gauge locomotives built were two for the Great Western Railway to Gooch's designs with 7' diameter driving wheels, slotted sandwich frames, and Gothic fireboxes, resembling the original Star class built by Robert Stephenson & Company.
Lowe claimed that locomotives built by G. & J. Rennie were not, in general, finished to the standards of other contemporary builders. Trouble was experienced with the five built for the London & Southampton Railway and all of them were rebuilt by W. Fairbairn & Son in 1841 and were practically new locomotives. The London & Brighton Railway locomotives also gave trouble, but the GWR locomotives ran for 29 years, probably due to Gooch's involvement.
Rennoldson. George, South Shields
Possibly built one or two locomotives for the Stanhope & Tyne Railway. The boiler of one of them exploded during steam trials killing two people on 20 November 1837 (Lowe ). Appears not to be in Hewison.
Rhymney Ironworks, Tredegar
Locomotive built about 1866 to design of Moyle, the Company's Engineer. Designed to work on L-shape tram plates to 3ft gauge and the wheels of this 2-4-0T were flangeless. Lowe cited Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1940, 46, 214.
Richardson, Thomas & Sons,
Locomotives were built between 1840 and 1857 according to Lowe . The firm was known as Richardson Bros. when first locomotives were built and in 1900 became Richardsons, Westgarth & Co and manufactured turbo-alternators and marine machinery. Lowe stated that relatively little is known about the locomotive output. Locomotives were supplied to the Hartlepool Railway, the Stockton & Hartlepool Railway and the York, Newcastle & Berwick Railway. Ten were supplied to Robert Stephenson & Co. in 1846/7. Maryport & Carlisle Railway No. 11 (an 0-6-0) was supplied in 1850. Three appear to have been supplied to the NER (WN 253, 262 and 269). Maclean notes that No. 157 of the York Newcastle & Berwick Railway in 1847. The Consett Iron Co, East Hetton Colliery and the Hartlepool Dock & Railway were other customers.
Ridley, T.D. Middlesbrough
Founded by Thomas Ridley. Firm eventually became Ridley Shaw & Co. Ltd. According to P.W.B. Semmens Rly Mag., 1956 (#663, July) the firm constructed at least six outside-cylinder 0-4-0STs between 1899-1913. Lowe suggested that these were probably not completely new. Fig. 463: Clarence (WN13/1899) illustrated at Kent Works.
Rigby J. & C., Holyhead Harbour Works,
7ft gauge locomotive at Ponta Delgada on Sao Miguel in the Azores carried a plate: J & C Rigby, Holyhead Harbour Works 1861. Lowe considers that extremely unlikely that Rigby built the locomotive as the firm contracted to construct and maintain the breakwater at Holyhead.
Riley Bros., Middlesbrough
Vertical boiler 0-4-0T Wasp supplied to Wilson, Pease & Co. in 1890
Robertson & Henderson, Glasgow
Built a combined car in 1877 with vertical boiler which blew up on trial trip.
Robey & Co. Ltd., Globe Works, Lincoln
Firm founded by Robert Robey in 1854: manufactured steam wagons, rollers and portable engines, and a few locomotives, about which little is known. 0-4-0TG (WN 8001) may have been a conversion from a road wagon: it was built for firm's own use. Porta, an 0-4-0ST, built for South America employed cylinders at the very front of the locomotive which drove the wheels through a geared jackshaft (Lowe Fig. 467). There were two locomotives called Santiago and Fig. 466 shows an 0-4-0WT with what looks like a steering mechanism! . R.H. Clark. Steam engine builders of Lincolnshire sshows two fairly normal looking locomotives (pp. 88-9). Thomas Easton Allan appointed to Board in 1917: Locomotive Mag., 1917, 23, 238. Fletcher describes the firm's steam road locomotives including the Advance built for Woolwich Arsenal which on test was capable of towing a vehicle with 45 passengers or 2 tons up steam gradients and over substantial distances (Lincoln to Grantham). They built vehicles for R.W. Thomson
Robinson, Thomas & Son, Railway Works,
Mary (Lowe Fig. 488) was a four-coupled vertical-boiler locomotive built for the firm's own use: it was a two-cylinder compound. Lowe also mentions a four-coupled, outside frame tender locomotive built for New Zealand in 1884 and a possible locomotive for Brazil. See Ind. Rly Rec., Nos 32 and 39.
Robson & Taylor, East Yorkshire Ironworks,
Lowe Fig. 469 shows an advertisement which appeared in The Engineer which featured an 0-4-0T: there is no record of any actual locomotive construction.
Ross, R.L. & Co Ltd., Stockport
Firm probably formed just prior to WW1. Manufacturer of Ross's pop-type safety valve.
Rothwell, Hick & Rothwell, Union Foundry,
The Union Foundry was established by Peter Rothwell's father and locomotive manufacture started because Rothwell was a promoter of the Bolton & Leigh Railway. Benjamin Hick was a member of the company when locomotive manufacture began in about 1831 with a 2-2-0 Union for the Bolton & Leigh Railway, but Hick soon left to establish his own business. Lowe estimates that about two hundred locomotives (listed) were constructed at the Union Foundry before manufacture ceased in 1864 by which time output had become spasmodic. The company was a major supplier to the broad gauge: this included the huge and novel 4-2-4Ts supplied to the Bristol & Exeter Railway to the design of James Pearson
Earlier orders were quickly secured from the America and other foreign countries and up 1840, out of 56 locomotives built, 28 went abroad. The second locomotive built went to the Pontchartrain Railroad, and others went to the Bangor & Piscataguis and Greensville & Roanoke lines. In 1836 a 4-2-0 was built for the South Carolina Railroad of 5ft gauge to the requirements of Horatio Allen, one of America's leading locomotive engineers. This was fitted with a bogie of the swivelling type and inclined outside cylinders. It may have worked for thirty-five years and carried the name Tennessee..
Five locomotives were built for the Leipzig and Dresden Railway: four 0-4-0s and a 2-2-2. They were very small and weighed less than ten tons. Similar 2-2-2s were built as a standard type for the Paris & Versailles, Grand Junction, Stockton & Hartlepool, London & Southampton and Manchester & Leeds Railways. Some orders were sub-contracted by Edward Bury, and a number of Bury-type 2-2-0s and 0-4-0s were built for the London & Birmingham, Glasgow, Paisley & Greenock and Midland Counties railways. From 1841 the firm received a number of orders for 7 ft gauge locomotives from the Great Western, Bristol & Exeter, South Devon and Carmarthen & Cardigan railways.
The largest order was from the London & South Western Railway and finally amounted to twenty-eight 2-2-2s. Other large orders were from the Lancaster & Carlisle Railway (twenty 2-4-0 freight locomotives and four 2-2-2s) six 2-4-0s for the Eastern Counties Railway. All were of the "Allan-type". C.F. Dendy Marshall estimated that about 230 locomotives were build down to 1860.
Ahrons, E.L. Short histories of famous firms. Engineer, 1930,
See letter from Robin Barnes (Backtrack, 1997, 11, 576) on loss of records to USA..
Hunt, David. Locomotive builders to the Midland Railway. Midland Record, (21), 111-26.
Rothwell supplied some of the early Midland Railway locomotives, but Hunt did not cite his sources.
Rowan Jas. M. & Co., Atlas Works, Springburn,
The works were situated on part of the site subsequently occupied by the Clyde Locomotive Works in 1886 which were then purchased by Messrs. Sharp Stewart & Co. in 1888 when they moved from Manchester. Two 'singles' were built for the Slamannan Railway named Boanerges and Borealis, and in 1840 three inside cylindered 0-4-0s were built for the Wishaw & Coltness Railway. They were designed by George Dodds who was the locomotive superintendent of the Monkland & Kirkintilloch Railway. According to Mc Ewan Cleland was based on the Stockton and Darlington Railways's Locomotion but with an orthodox boiler. An additional 0-4-0 was built in 1843 for the same railway and named Meteor. It was to the bar framed Bury pattern. (Lowe).
Three outside frame 0-4-0s were built in 1842 for the Pollok & Govan Railway with inside cylinders and small boilers and Gab motion. It is possible that two 0-4-0s were built for the Monkland Railway in 1851, but no complete details of this firm's locomotives can be obtained. Rail motor cars were built for the Gribscov and Pontiloff Railway (Russia) in the 1880s.James McEwan. The locomotives of the Caledonian Railway. Locomotive Mag., 1941, 47, 250 indicates that the General Terminus Railway was taken over together with 4 locomotives. Two were 0-4-0 tender locomotives built by J.M. Rowan in February 1851: becoming CR Nos. 116 and 117 and were scrapped in 1867.See also letter from R. Abbott in Locomotive Mag., 1944, 50, 111.
Firms begining "Ra-"
Russell George. & Co., Alpha Works, Motherwell
Established in 1865: advertised locomotive manufacture in Engineering advertisement on 5 January 1866.
Ruston Proctor & Co., Sheaf Iron Works, Waterside
This was the name of the firm which is probably better known as Ruston & Hornsby Ltd (from 1918) which built locomotives between 1866 and 1888. Five Samuel Johnson 0-6-0Ts were supplied to the Great Eastern Railway (GER Nos. 204-6) in 1866 (Fig 473), of which three became the famous Stratford crane tanks of 1891/3.At least sixteen 5ft 6in gauge small (mainly 0-4-0ST) were supplied to Argentina and six 3ft 6in gauge contractor's locomotives were supplied to T.A. Walker for use in Manchester Ship Canal construction. Lowe cites J. Stephenson Loco. Soc., 1960 March and Engineering, 1868, 17 April for locomotive exhibited at Paris Exhibition of 1867. R.H. Clark. Steam engine builders of Lincolnshire . William J. Ruston, nephew of late Colonel J.S. Ruston, elected to Board: Locomotive Mag., 1939, 45, 300.
The Illustrated History of LNWR engines by Edward Talbot notes that William Rylance constructed the two 18 inch gauge locomotives Billy and Dickie in 1875 for use in Crewe Works. Chacksfield's F.W. Webb notes that Rylance was an employee at Crewe Works and that the locomotives were used to haul barges on the Shropshire Union Canal at Middlewich in 1888...
Rylands & Sons, Wigan
Alleged that 0-4-0STs were built: one in 1881 and two in 1886. No evidence'
Firms begining "Sa-"
St. Helens Foundry, St. Helens
Opened 1833. 0-6-0ST Oswald built in 1857. Sold in 1914 to Calder & Mersey Extract Co., Widnes. A 0-4-0WT with outside cylinders Lucy possibly supplied to Gaskell Deacon & Co. of Widnes
St. Rollox Foundry Co., Glasgow
Four locomotives built for Garnkirk & Glasgow Railway: three 0-6-0 Type: Victoria, St Rollox and Carfin in 1840 and one 0-4-0 Frew in 1835 (McEwan states 1833). The 0-6-0s had vertical cylinders and drove through a jackshaft and Cornish boilers. Fig.: 476 drawing of Victoria. (Lowe) See also Jas. F. McEwan. Centenary of the Garnkirk and Glasgow Ry. Locomotive Mag., 1931, 37, 354-6. 5 diagrams.
Sandys, Carne & Vivian, Copperhouse Foundry,
Had become a general iron foundry by time locomotive/s built. Output included the chains for the Hungerford and Clifton suspension bridges. In 1838 one locomotive Cornubia built for Hayle Railway and another Carn Brea may possibly have been built. The works closed in 1869.(Lowe). See also letter from R. Abbott in Locomotive Mag., 1944, 50, 111
Sanquhar & Kirkconnel Collieries Ltd.,
Fauldhead Colliery, Kirkconnel
Two vertical boiler locomotives constructed: one in 1886 (when firm was James Irving McConnell) and the other in 1903 (when firm changed its name). (Lowe Supplement)
Sara & Burgess, Penrhyn, Falmouth
Nicholas Sara, ex foreman at the Perran Foundry formed the works in 1857. At least four vertical boiler locomotives built during 1860s. Three were supplied to Cox & Son of Falmouth Docks: 1 Blackbird, 2 Torbay and 3 Billy. Another was sent to the Port of Par. These were originally broad gauge, but converted to standard gauge in 1892. (Lowe including Fig. 478.
Sara & Co. Plymouth
Supplied a vertical boiler locomotive to the South Devon Railway in January 1868: worked on Sutton Harbour branch: preserved as Tiny (Fig. 477)
Savile Street Foundry, Sheffield
Patented compound tramway engine with a vertical boiler, but date of construction uncertain, but around 1882. Vehicle was subject to trials in Sheffield and Burnley.
Savages Ltd., St Nicholas Works, King's Lynn
Manufacturers of fairground locomotives, including those operating on circular tracks. See G. Woodcock: Miniature steam locomotives and R.H. Clark Chronicles of a country works and Steam engine builders of Norfolk. Also manufactured coal handling machinery for Alexandra Dock in King's Lynn see Fell Backtrack, 2011, 25, 144.
Schenectady Locomotive Works, USA
Atkins, Philip. The golden age of steam locomotive building. Penryn: Atlantic (in association with NRM), 1999. 128pp.
Includes Chapter 3: The Locomotive Famine 1898-1900.
Hunt, David. Locomotive builders to the Midland Railway. Midland Record, (21), 111-26.
Schenectady supplied 2-6-0 locomotives to the Midland Railway during the Great Locomotive Famine
Scott Sinclair & Co. Greenock
Shipbuilder which built a total of seventeen locomotives between 1847 and 1849: the last five were 0-4-2s, the remainder were "Allan type" 2-2-2s. The bulk were supplied to the Scottish Central Railway, but the first three were supplied to the CR. Robert Sinclair (Locomotive Superintendent of both companies) was the nephew of one of the Sinclair partners.
Sentinel Waggon Works Ltd. Shrewsbury see separate page
Shanks, Alexander & Co. Dens Iron Works,
Established in 1840. Produced portable steam engines and probably eleven 0-4-0STs between 1872 and 1877: three for Southampton Docks, three for the LSWR, two for the London & St Katherine Dock Co; one for the Millwall Dock Co., and two (Lowe stated three) for Otago (New Zealand) Railways. Fig. 485 (catalogue), Fig. 486 (LSWR No. 108 Cowes) (Lowe). See also extended caption to illus. of Ritzebuttel on page 78 of Rly Arch., 2007,(15) 78.
Dennis Gandy of New Zealand (e-mail 2011) corrects the information relating to New Zealand. Only two (not three) Shanks locomotives were supplied to New Zealand's Otago Railways in the 1870s. They were given the names Mouse and Kangaroo. They were classed "A" in 1877. They started work in Invercargill between mid 1876 and mid 1877. They probably weighed 10 tons each and had cylinders 10 inches in diameter.
The locomotive known as Kangaroo was transferred to Greymouth on NZ's South Island West Coast on 14 April 1877 and then sold to the NZ Public Works Dept. in 1878. In 1910 it went to the Greymouth Harbour Board and then in 1916 to Ogilvie and Co. at Gladstone; Butler Brothers in Ruatapu in 1919; Waitaha Timber Co. in Waitaha in 1929 and finally to the Lake Brunner Sawmilling Co. at Ruru in 1936. It was condemned in 1941. All these latter locations are in the district known as NZ's South Island West Coast.
The locomotive known as Mouse was sold to an A.Tapper at Longbush in Southland in 1883 who sold it to the NZ Pine Co at Colac Bay, also in Southland, in 1889, they sold it to an H.A.Massey also of Colac Bay in 1899 who then sold it to the Otago Harbour Board at Aramoana (near Dunedin) in 1923. It was finally condemned in 1930.
This information was taken from the book Register of New Zealand Railways Steam Locomotives 1863-1971 by W.G. Lloyd, published by the Otago Branch of the New Zealand Railway and Locomotive Society Inc.
Sharp Henderson & Co., Airdrie
Almost certainly built no locomotives, but hired locomotives and fitted plates to declare their ownership. (Lowe Supplement).
Sharp Roberts & Co., Atlas Works, Great Bridgewater Street, Manchester See separate page
Shelton Iron & Steel Co. Stoke-on-Trent
Two locomotives "manufactured": 0-6-0ST No. 14 Shellingford in 1911 and 0-4-0ST No. 15 Glenalmond in 1912: former had Peckett features and latter had Andrew Barclay features: both were probably erected from parts (Lowe). Glenalmond is illustrated in Br. Rly J., 1995, 6, p. 237 (article 233)
Shepherd & Todd, Railway Foundry, Leeds
Short Brothers, Glasgow
Appendix II Scottish locomotive builders: Glasgow Museum of Transport: Scottish railway locomotives. 1967.
Shotts Iron Co., Shotts
One outside cylinder 0-4-0ST constructed in 1900. Claimed to be out of use at Monktonhall Colliery in 1968 (Lowe)
Silley Cox & Co. Ltd., Falmouth
Ship repairers built vertical boiler locomotive in 1918 for Falmouth Docks similar to existing Sara & Burgess locomotive. Lowe Fig. 498.
Simpson & Co., Aberdeen
At least six 0-4-2 for Aberdeen Railway and two for Stirling & Dunfermiline Railway. Lowe lists output between 1845 and 1853 but list may be incomplete, Possible connection with Blackie & Co.
Simpson. James & Co., 101 Grosvenor
Street, Pimilco Pimlico
Agent for Henry Hughes of Loughborough who supplied 0-4-0ST Osborne to Southampton Docks in 1866.
Simpson & Co. see Miller & Barnes
Appendix II Scottish locomotive builders: Glasgow Museum of Transport: Scottish railway locomotives. 1967. See also letter from R. Abbott in Locomotive Mag., 1944, 50, 111
Sisson W. & Co. Ltd., Sisson Road,
Three steam power units were supplied in 1911 for two Cardff Railway steam railmotors (railcars) (one acted as a spare). Lowe Fig. 499. The boilers were supplied by Messrs Abbott & Co. of Newark and the carriage bodies by the Gloucester Railway Carriage & Wagon Co. See also letter from R. Abbott in Locomotive Mag., 1944, 50, 111.
Skinningrove Iron Co. Ltd. Carlin How
Lowe : one 0-4-0ST Mary built in 1913 with cylinders supplied by Pecketts
Slaughter & Co. see Avonside
Slee & Co. Earlestown
R.W. Kidner's Mineral Railways (Oakwood) states that vertical boiler 0-4-0 supplied to 2ft 3in gauge Plynlimon & Hafan Railway in 1897: Victoria: Lowe stated "no further evidence"
Firms begining "Sm-"
Smith, A. & W, & Co., Eglinton Engine
Advertisements (Engineering, 5 January 1866) as "manufacturers" of wide range of equipment including locomotives (Lowe & Supp). Fig. 500 advertisement
Smith, John, Thornton Road, Bradford
Lowe suggests that Haigh Foundry supplied Smith with 2-2-2 for evaluating some improvements. Locomotive subsequently became GJR No. 60 Tantalus.
Smith, John, Village Foundry, Coven
Between twenty and thirty locomotives were built betwwen 1863 and 1874. Lowe notes that little information is available. At least two of the output were of the geared type. Fig 501 shows inside cylinder 0-4-0T Portobello supplied to North [or New in table] British Iron Co. (3ft 2¼in gauge). The geared locomotives (six are mentioned) are noted in A. Rosling Bennett's Chronicles of Boulton's Sidings according to Lowe. Estimated output of locomotives was twenty to thirty according to Lowe and contents of works were auctioned off in 1874, but buildings retained by Smith & Higgs (J.B. Higgs), agricultural contractors. Customers included Fletcher, Solly & Urwick, Chillington Iron, Earl of Dudley and Pelshall Coal & Iron Co. .
Supplied 0-6-0 to Hartlepool Railway which became NER No. 131. (Lowe Supplement). See also letter from R. Abbott in Locomotive Mag., 1944, 50, 111
Sorsbie & Co., Newcastle
See Charlton The first locomotive engineers: firm involved in manufacture of components for early locomotives
South Hetton Coal Co.
Supplied two 0-6-0s to Hartlepool Railway in 1840 and 1841 which became NER No. 117 and 118.(Lowe Supplement)
Spence, William, Cork Street Foundry and Engineering
Manufacturers of Samuel Geoghehan locomotives for Guinness Brewery narrow gauge system. Lowe (pp. 602-4) gives a full entry with diagrams.
Spittle, Thomas, Cambrian Iron Foundry, Newport
According to Lowe built six neat 0-4-0STs for Devon Great Consols of Tavistock. See also Locomotive Mag., 1904, 8, 81
Stark & Fulton, Nortyh Street Engine Works,
According to Lowe firm built locomotives for Glasgow, Paisley, Kilmarnock & Ayr Railway and three locomotives for the Midland Counties Railway. All were of the Bury type. In 1849 two locomotives (2-2-2) were supplied to the contractors for the Caledonian & Dumbarton Railway. See also David L. Smith.
Staveley Coal & Iron Co. Ltd, Staveley
No records exist, but it is probable that two locomotives and a possible further two were constructed. These were John Green in 1880 and Belvoir in 1885 supplied to Eastwell Iron Ore Co. Both were 3ft gauge and had vertical cylinders and saddle tanks. George Bond and Rutland (shown in Lowe Fig. 517) may have been built for the Waltham Iron Ore Co. The latter was a saddle tank with vertical cylinders driving through a jack shaft. Lowe cited Tonks' Ironstone railways and tramways of the Midlands and Ind. Rly Rec. 1970, 3, (32) wherein it was stated that Rutland may have been built by Oliver & Co which was a major supplier to Staveley Coal & Iron.
Stephenson, Robert & Co. Ltd see separate page
Stewart, William, Newport (Mon)
An unknown design of locomotive was constructed for the Park End Colliery in the Forest of Dean in 1814 and was tried on the Severn & Wye Tramroad.
Stewarts and Lloyds Ltd., Mossend,
Built one 3ft gauge 0-4-0T for plate mill in about 1905 to same design as Andrew Barclay 750/1894 which worked at same location.
Stirling, James & Co., East Foundry/Victoria Foundry, Dundee
Stockton & Darlington Rly. New Shildon
Stothert, Slaughter & Co. Avon Street, Bristol see separate page
Summers, Grove & Day,
Millbrook Foundry, Southampton
Firm founded in 1834. Maintained locomotives on behalf of LSWR until 1850s. Jefferson built in 1837 and sent to USA (Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad). Fly and Southampton for London & Southampton Railway and London & Greenwich Railway No. 7 were built in 1839. Two others were supplied to Bourne Bartley & Co. All were of 2-2-0/2-2-2 type. (Lowe ). Bradley Locomotives of the LSWR. Part 1 (p. 35) adds information about Fly and Southampton.. See also letter from F.W. Brewer in Locomotive Mag., 1927, 33, 203.
See Visit to Works during Annual Institution of Mechanical Engineers Meeting in Manchester. Proc., 1929, 117, 737.
Charles H. Lucas elected to Board: Locomotive Mag., 1941, 47, 54. Pamphlet L11 Superheaters fior locomotives Locomotive Mag., 1927, 33, 340.
William McLaren, a director of the Company died in 1916: Locomotive Mag., 1916, 22, 40.
Swainson, Taylor see Whitehaven CoIls.
Company names beginning "T"
Tait Jas Jnr. & Partners, Middlesbrough
Firm extensive rebuilding and repairing of locomotives and allocated works numbers for such work. WN 69/1920, an outside cylinder 0-4-0ST supplied to Stanley Brothers, Stockingford Colliery, Nuneaton was supposed to be a new locomotive, but was more likely to have been constructed from various parts (Lowe)
Tayleur, Charles & Co., Vulcan Foundry, Newton-le-Willows, Warrington see separate page
Taylor, H.E. Chester
Henry Enfield Taylor was a mining engineer with a small works at 15 Newgate Street Chester. Between 1877 and c.1885 he built at least five 3ft 6in gauge 0-4-0Ts, with outisde cylinders for John Bazley White & Bros. Ltd., Swanscombe Works, as follows: 1877 Chester; 1879 Millbank; 1882 Iron Horse: Dead Horse (1882); and Liverpool (date unknown). The first four were scrapped in 1930
Taylor, J.& A., Smith Street, Ayr
Builders of mining equipment which between 1869 and 1871 constructed an 0-4-0ST for the Dalmellington Iron Co. (No. 8 scapped in 1912): shown in Fig. 549. Lowe cites David L. Smith's The Dalmellington Iron Company (1967).
Taylor & Martineau
Taylor & Martineau had an extensive works on London's City Road. Philip Taylor (1786-1870) initially studied surgery but later became a druggist. John Martineau's family owned successful businesses in sugar refining, banking and brewing. Their business started in 1820, building portable printing machines for Marc Brunel. Later, they built steam engines, gas generators and compressors and pumps. High-pressure stationary steam engine designed by Taylor & Martineau. Engraving published by John Murray, London, 1826. Firm's high quality cylinders attracted Marc Seguin to London. See Achard Trans Newcomen Soc., 1926, 7, 68.
Teeside Iron & Engine Co. see Gilkes Wilson & Co.
Tennant, T. M. & Co., Bowershall Iron &
Engine Works, Leith
Firm established to manufacture railway rolling stock, but no evidence for locomotive construction: firm appeared to exist from about 1851 to 1871 or perhaps later. Fletcher states that manufactured road locomotives for R.W. Thomson.
Thames Bank Ironworks, Canning Town
Works established in 1835 as shipbuilders and civil engineers. Constructed the first ironclad: Warrior. Lowe notes that statements (not cited) exist that locomotives built there, but no records
Thomas, Alfred R. Cardiff
Tendered for 3ft 8in gauge locomotive for Severn & Wye Railway in 1864. Submitted lowest tender but order went to Fletcher Jennings. No evidence for locomotive building.
Thompson Bros. [Thompson's Iron Works].
Six locomotives constructed for Newcastle & Carlisle Railway: four 0-6-0 and two 2-4-0. There was a possible link with Hawks & Thompson. J.S. Maclean. The Newcastle & Carlisle Railway. See also Benjamin and George Thompson.
Thompson & Cole, Hope Foundry, Little
This Thompson may have been the same as the one in the Kitson, Thompson & Hewitson partnership. Five 0-4-2 manufactured: thee for North Midland Railway in 1840 and two for Birmingham & Derby Junction Railway in 1841. Loco. Mag No. 628 asserts that firms acticities were located in Carlisle: this was not so according to Lowe .
Thompson, James & Sons, Kirkhouse,
Firm was leasee of Earl of Carlisle's collieries in Cumberland and their associated railway: the Brampton Railway, The workshops were at Kirkhouse Colliery where renovation rather than building probably took place. Locomotives involved: 1848 0-6-0 Loch (Fig. 550) and 1866 0-6-0 Garibaldi. Thompson was a Director of the Newcastle & Carlisle Railway. The lease of the collieries and railway terminated in 1908. The firm purchased Rocket in 1837.
Thompson, R. & J. A., Pot House Bridge
Works, Bilston, Staffs.
Constructed one well tank for Parkfield Iron Co., Wolverhampton in 1863 (2ft 5½ gauge).
Thornewill & Warham Ltd.,
Brewery engineering business managed by John R. Warham and Robert Thornewill. From 1861 about thirteen locomotives were supplied to Bass, Ratcliffe & Gretton Ltd. The majority were well-tanks, but three saddle tanks were also supplied and Hunslet subsequently rebuilt some of the well tanks as saddle tanks as shown in Fig 551 (Bass No. 3).
Thwaites & Carbutt, Vulcan Works, Thornton
Road, Bradford (Yorks)
John Jones of Bristol patented the Cambrian system in 1848 whereby a balanced system was sought through locating a transverse segmental cylinder between the frames and providing drive through rocking levers. Fig 552 (Lowe derived from Ahrons) shows an intermediate crank shaft with two driving wheels and a trailing axle, South Yorkshire Railway No. 5 Albion which became MSLR No. 156. Three locomotives of 0-6-0 type were bought by Boulton in 1866.
Todd, Charles, Sun Foundry, Dewsbury Road, Leeds
Charles Todd left Shepherd & Todd in 1844 to establish his own business which manufactured 0-6-0 locomotives for Hull & Selby, York & North Midland and Newcastle & Darlington Railways between 1844 and 1848. 0-6-0WTs, 2-4-0s and 0-6-0s were supplied to railways in Belgium. The output was about twenty locomotives. Groves (Great Northern locomotive history V.1) refers to last locomotive output being acquired by BWLR. The works closed in 1858 and were taken over by Carrett Marshall & Co.
Todd, Kitson & Laird, Airedale Foundry, Leeds see separate page
Todd, Leonard J., Leith
Locomotive constructed for the Tramvia de Santander in 1871. It had a locomotive type of boiler but the cylinders were placed above the firebox and drive was via a crankshaft. In 1875 he designed a fireless steam car. He contested the claim of Stumpf for his Uniflow system citing Patent 7301 of 1885. Lowe cited Whitcombe: Lowe and Whitcombe, H.A. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1937, 27, 327 (Paper 369). See Fletcher for stem omnibus which ran between Leith and Edinburgh in 1872.
Tredegar Iron Works
Originally owned by Samuel Homfray. Thomas Ellis was engineer in 1828. A Robert Stephenson 0-6-0 Britannia of 1829 was copied by Ellis, becoming St David. This was very successfully rebuilt in 1848 and withdrawn in tthe 1880s. Nine locomotives were constructed between 1832 and 1854 for the 4ft 2in gauge Sirhowy Tramroad. Fig 557 St David, c1840. Locomotive Mag., 1905, 11, 49. Locomotive Mag., 1915, 21, 9 The locomotives manufactured between 1832 and 1848: were named Tredegar, Jane, Lord Rodney, Lady Sale, Prince Albert, St. David, Fanny and Charlotte. The final locomotive was built in 1853: Bedwellty.
Tulk & Lay, Lowca Works, Whitehaven
Firm was founded in 1763 but locomotive construction did not begin until 1840. Many of the early locomotives for the Maryport & Carlisle Railway were supplied. This included one of eight Cramptons manufactured (six 4-2-0 and two 2-2-2). Two were built for the Namur & Liege Railway. One ran trials on the LNWR and both one further were sold to SER. They had separate regulators for each cylinder, were found to be rough riding and were withdrawn in 1860s. A Crampton Kinnaird was supplied to the Dundee, Perth & Aberdeen Junction Railway. A larger locomotive of this type was supplied to the LNWR No. 200 London (WN 12/1847). The two 2-2-2 Cramptons were built for the Sheffield, Ashton-under-Lyne & Manchester Railway. Only twenty locomotives had been built in eighteen years. In 1857 the firm was taken over by Fletcher Jennings and between 1857 and 1884 the works were owned by H.E. Fletcher who patented a design in which the rear axle was brought as close as possible to the front of the firebox which maximized the wheelbase which Lowe noted was contrary to the requirements of an industrial environment. See Zerah Colburn Plate 22 and Locomotive Mag., 145, 51, 174. The output had reached 171 by 1884. The name changed to Lowca Engineering and in 1905 to New Lowca Engineering. 245 locomotives was the total output at the Lowca Works under all owners. Kyle, I. Steam from Lowca. Author, 1974 (via Atkins)
Earnshaw, Alan. >The Lowca Locomotive Works. BackTrack, 1990, 4. 107-10.
The works were founded by Adam Heslop & Partners in 1763 as a general foundry with an output which included ships' cannons and steam engines for which Heslop held a Patent (1760). In 1808 the works were taken over by Messrs Millward & Co and by Tulk & Ley in 1830 with Mathewson as Engineer. In 1840 the firm built its first locomotive, a 2-2-2 for the Maryport & Carlisle Railway. In 1857 the firm was taken over by Fletcher, Jennings & Co. Following the death of Henry Allason Fletcher the company was reformed as the Lowca Engineering Co. Ltd.. The works finaaly closed in 1921. Illus.: 2-4-0WT (22/1861) Liver for Pearson, Knowles & Co., Ince Colliery, Wigan; 0-4-0ST (27/1862) for Aberdare Iron Co; 0-4-0ST (28/1862) narrow gauge (2ft 8in) also for Aberdare Iron; 0-4-0WT (48/1865) for Brassey & Co at Ampthill for MR London Extension; 0-4-0WT (82/1865) Will o'the Wisp for Ebbw Vale Iron Co.; 0-4-0ST rebuilt from Fletcher Jennings 1874 locomotive by Andrew Barclay in 1912 and sold to Kircaldy Corporation; 0-4-0ST (194/1886) Jubilee for Earl of Lonsdale Whitehaven Colliery; Lowca Locomotive Works c1895 with Harrington Colliery in backgrounf; class N 0-6-0T (260/1921) for L. Mitchell & Co for work in Africa (last locomotive built); 0-4-2ST Tal-y-Llyn (Lowca/1864) at Dolgoch in 1923.
W.M. Gowan Gradon. Some West Cumberland locos. (Fletcher Jennings & Company). Locomotive Mag., 1947, 53, 191-3.
Turner & Ogden Leeds
Probably agents on behalf of local builders according to Lowe: involved with four-coupled locomotives for York & North Midland Railway and another for Great North of England Railway, latter became NER No. 11.
Twells & Co. Birmingham
Agent: London & Greenwich locomotive No. 8 Thames sold to Clarence Railway
Names beginning U
Usk Side Iron Co., Newport
Firm established in 1827. Two locomotives built for Blaenavon Co. In 1849 a 3ft 3in gauge 0-4-0ST and in 1860 an 0-6-0T Gan-Yr-Erw (Lowe)
Vernon, Thomas & Co., Regent Street Foundry,
May have built locomotive for John Chandler
Vivian & Sons, Hafod Foundry, Swansea
0-6-0ST constructed in 1877 for Pentre Colliery. Description & illustration: Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1919, 25, 141
Vulcan Foundry Co. Ltd. see separate page
Vulcan Foundry, Ayr: see Young
Names beginning W
Walker J., Scarisbrick & Bros., Pagefield
John S. Walker managed firm from 1875. Twenty neat 0-4-0STs manufactured. Subsequently Walker Bros (Wigan) Ltd. became noted for their early diesel railcars.. 0-6-0T Burnley used on Manchester Ship Canal Contract as on 11 October 1890. (Archive 44, 51 lower). See also Allen, A. Rail cars in service in Northern Ireland. J. Instn Loco. Engrs, 1936, 26, 2-36. Disc.: 36-44. (Paper 347) for railcars for CDJR.
Walker, Richard & Brother, Bury
Richard Walker was also a director of the East Lancashire Railway. Walker supplied about twenty locomotives to the ELR bewteen 1838 and 1854: these were 2-2-2, 2-4-0 and 0-6-0. ELR 54 became LYR 654 is illustrated in Fig. 567. See also Groves Great Northern locomotive history for locomotive acquired by West Yorkshire Railway.
Warrington, Henry & Son, Berry Hill Colliery,
0-4-0ST No. 1 assembled in 1898. Ind Rly Rec., (10) (12) (19)
Waters, Thomas, Gateshead See Thomas Waters
Watkins & Phillips see Phillips C.D.
Watson & Daglish see Daglish, Robert
Weardale Coal & Iron Co. Ltd., Tudhoe
One 0-6-0ST with outside cylinders built in 1873 for company's own use (No. 15). Nos 6 and 20 may have been constructed at Tow Law Ironworks in 1860s.
Weir, G. & J., Cathcart, Glasgow
Manufacturers of pumps to supply water at high temperatures into boilers. James Weir and his brother George had in 1873 launched a marine engineering and maintenance company; James patented several inventions (including the Weir feed-pump), which in 1886 the brothers began to manufacture in a machine shop and smithy at Cathcart near Glasgow. These premises were developed into the Holm Foundry, and the business of G. and J. Weir was formed into a limited liability company in 1895. From ODNB biography of William Douglas Weir by Richard Davenport-Hines Weir feed pumps used by Gresley on 2-8-0s (Groves) and by Lawson Billinton on K class 2-6-0s for LBSCR. Rich Yesterday no more p. 109
Welsh Industrial & Maritime Museum, Museum
Engineering Workshop, Bute Street, Cardiff
Lowe's Supplement: Museum assembled a replica of the Penydarren locomotive.
West, William. & Sons, St Blazey Foundry,
Founded in 1848, Firm contracted to work the broad gauge Newquay & Cornwall Junction Railway which opened in 1869. Lowe states that Phoenix may have been constructed there, and possibly Cornwall and Roebuck.
Wheatley, Thomas, Grimsby
Lowe cites A.R. Bennett's Chronicles of Boulton's Sidings to show that Wheatley built 0-4-0ST Perseveranace in 1858. It had jackshaft drive. KPJ: could this have been the Thomas Wheatley?
Whinfield, John, Gateshead See John Whinfield
White, John Bazley & Bros. Swanscombe
0-4-0WT Gravesend built in 1898 probably mainly from existing parts. Company became part of Associated Portland Cement.
Whitehaven Collieries, Whitehaven
Taylor Swainson built a locomotive Iron Horse for use at Whitehaven Collieries, but it damaged the track. Lowe cited Dendy Marshall: History of railway locomotives...
Wickham, D. & Co., Ware
Manufacturer of internal-combustion engined railcars and small locomotives: see for instance Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1931, 37, 46
Wigan Coal & Iron Co.
Locomotives were constructed at the Kirkless workshops which had opened when firm was known as Kirkless Coal & Iron. Locomotives were built between 1865 and 1912 and had Crewe characteristics as C.M. Percy had spent some time at Crewe works before locomoitve construction began. Nasmyth Wilson built four locomotives to same design between 1892 and 1902. Lowe lists output. Fig. 303 shows Crawford of 1883. See also Rly Mag., 1971, 117, 18
Wilkinson, William, Holmehouse Foundry,
In 1881 manufactured a steam tram locomotive with a vertical boiler and geared transmission. This was evaluated on the Wigan & District Tramways. A patent was obtained and the type was built by Beyer Peacock, Black Hawthorn and by Thomas Green. Sixty one were produced at Holmehouse Foundry. Customers included the Giants Causeway Tramway (1883 and 1896) and the Alford & Sutton Tramway (in 1883, supplied by Beyer Peacock)
Wilson, E. B. & Co., Railway Foundry Leeds
Wilson, J. H. & Co. Ltd., Sandhills,
Outside cylinder geared 0-4-0T Mole supplied to Welsh Slate Co c1875. Had a marine type boiler. Lowe cites J.I.C. Boyd, Railways, 1951 (Nov) and Ind. Rly Rec., No. 34. Supplier of travelling steam crane with verticalboiler to South African Railways in connection with electrification! See Locomotive Mag., 1924, 30, 128.
Wilson, Robert & Co., Forth Street,
Stockton & Darlington Railway No. 5 Stockton manufactured in March 1826. Four-cylinder locomotive: each wheel set driven separately. Rough sketch by Marc Seguin. Involved in a collision in Otober 1826 and boiler used by Hackworth for Royal George in 1827. See also entry for Robert Wilson.
Names beginning Wo
Woolwich Arsenal, Woolwich
Lowe covers Woolwich Arsenal like any other manufacturer of locomotives noting how manufacture was started there in an endeavour to avoid large scale unemployment at the end of WW1. The SECR N class was selected (it had nearly been accepted by ARLE as one of a series of standard designs). Manufacture started but no purchasers could be found. Fifty were eventually acquired by the Southern Railway. Sets of parts were also supplied to the Metropolitan Railway and to the Great Southern Railway, and some went to Romania.
Lowe quotes contemporary comment:
In the Engineer dated 3 June, 1921, it was stated: 'The attempt which has been made with the object of averting unemployment, to convert a portion of Woolwich Arsenal into a permanent locomotive factory has not been as successful as some people had anticipated. In his report on the annual accounts of the ord nance factories for the year 1919-20, Sir H.J. Gibson the Comptroller states that the manufacture of locomotives was undertaken as part of the peace time programme and work for various railway companies amounting to £255,000 was carried out. The report adds that the Ministry of Munitions informed the Treasury when seeking sanction for capital expenditure that it had not been possible at the close of the year under review to arrange for the disposal of surplus locomotives or indeed to fix a price for them. It is understood that no sale of the locomotives has down to the present time been effected. The general question of the financial arrangements in connection with the manufacture of locomotives and other products since the ordnance factories were transferred to the War Office is under consideration and also that of putting the factories in a position to act as sub-contractors to engineering firms.
Again in the Engineer dated 5 January, 1923 it was stated 'there were fifty uncompleted locomotives at Woolwich which had cost £551,000. The fifty completed ones had cost £780,000. None were sold and were not to be finished, and their parts sold as they lie'. The sale of sets of parts was undertaken by Cohen Armstrong Disposal Corporation.
1919 statement from Locomotive Mag, 1919, 25, 31
To maintain on peace work a staff larger than pre-war strength, it has been decided to go on with the construction of locomotives at Woolwich, and a preliminary order for 100 has been placed. Work on them should commence in about three months, when the necessary alterations to the shops have been completed. We also understand that a number of railway wagons are to be built at the Arsenal.
As an indication of the railway traffic to and from the Arsenal during the war period, the number of wagons in and out per month rose from 1,800 during July, 1914, to an average of 26,000 per month for the last twelve months of the war.
Middlemass, Tom.The 'Woolworths'
Woolwich Arsenal tentative entry into main line locomotive building.
Backtrack, 4, 148-54.
2-6-4T and 2-6-0 for SR (N, N1, K, K1, U, U1); 2-6-0 for MGWR/GSR (K1, K1A); 2-6-4T for Metropolitan Railway (K). Same writer wrote more general article about Woolwich Arsenal in Railways South East 2, 111. See letter from Historian of Woolwich Arsenal (page 286) See also colour phot feature in Vol. 19 page 420. . See letter by A.R. Nicholls (page 236) which covers several aspects of Southern 2-6-0s, including their nicknames.
Worcester Engine Co., Worcester
Works established in 1865 to manufacture girders and locomotives: seventy were built between then and 1870. Ian Martin (J. Rly Canal Hist. Soc., 2020, 40, 70-81) has written a thoroughly researched study of this short-lived company Alexander Allan left the Caledonian Railway's locomotive shops at Perth and joined the firm in 1866. The first locomotive was an 0-6-0ST Salford. After a long delay in constructing the building, locomotive production began in 1865. The first batch of locomotives, works numbers 16, are thought to have been contractors engines, all 060, although whether tank or saddle tank, is unclear. Most of the work in constructing them must have been carried out in the open. The first specific order was for ten 060 goods llocomotives ordered by the North Stafford Railway which were built in 1866-7. An order followed for forty similar engines for the Great Eastern Railway under S.W. Johnson (417 class) with 5' 3" diameter wheels, these being delivered from 1867 to 1869. Six 0-6-0 goods and two 2-4-2T passenger locomotives were supplied to the Bristol and Exeter Railway's standard gauge section. The 2-4-2Ts had domeless boilers, inside cylinders and frames, a large bunker and were fitted with both well and back tanks and Adams' radial axleboxes. Another interesting design was the 0-6-0T developed by R.H. Burnett. for the intended Metropolitan Railway branch line to St Johns Wood which would have been steeply graded. (Lowe). See also A. Alexander..
Worsdell, Thomas, Berkeley Street, Birmingham
Lowe considers that firm was more likely to have been an agent, but as manufactuer of cranes and steam rollers locomotive manufacture was possible. According to records of Potteries, Shrewsbury & North Wales Railway firm supplied a locomotive to it. At sometime firm known as Worsdell & Evans. Green Cambrian Railways shows line drawing (p. 15) 0-4-0ST Dwarf and cites Locomotive (no further info): claims built at Brasshouse Passage bought by Savin, then sold to Isaac Watt Boulton in 1867 after it which it became Dot. Responded to advertisement from Festiniog Railway in 1862 (Boyd Festiniog Railway).
The location for much of the early development of the steam locomotive. See also Hackworth, William Hedley Geo. Stephenson & Trevithick. (Lowe)
Yorkshire Engine Co., Meadowhall Works, Sheffield
Established in 1865. (Lowe). Manufactured haulage engines for collieries and quarries. Locomotive manufacture started in 1866. The first order was for three inside cylinder 2-4-0s with 7ft driving wheels for GNR, and this was followed in 1868 by ten similar locomotives, but with 6ft 7in driving wheels. Much of the company's output was exported, especially to India: Great Indian Peninsula and East Indian Railways. The first industrial locomotive was an 0-4-0ST for the Earl Fitzwilliam Colliery in 1869. Ten 0-6-6-0 Fairlies were constructed for the Mexican Railways. The total output of Fairlies between 1872 and 1906 was: 35 0-6-6-0; 3 0-4-4-0; and two 2-6-6-2. Ten 4-6-0s were constructed for the 3ft 6in gauge Queensland Government Railways. Fifteen 0-6-0s were supplied to the Hull, Barnsley & West Riding Junction Railway & Docks Co.. 4-4-2Ts were supplied to the North British Railway. In 1925 the Company obtained the rights to the Poultney patent and these weere applied to the conversion of Ravenglass & Eskdale Railway River Esk into a 2-8-2+0-8-0. In 1930 25 0-6-0PTs were supplied to the GWR. The company developed a standard range of industrial locomotives. The Company suffered severely during the years of depression. in 1949 fifty 0-6-0PTs were ordered by the Western Region and this order was completed in 1956 with WN 2584/1956, service number 3409. Lowe estimated overall output of steam locomotives at 800. The company was acquired by the United Steel Companies post-WW2.
See also letter from R.A.S. Hennessey (Backtrack, 2005, 19, 124) concerning 0-6-4Ts built for the Poti-Tiflis Railway in 1869/70..Harley, C.B. Some notes on the Yorkshire Engine Company. J. Stephenson Loco. Soc., 1976, 52, 70-84 (via Atkins).
Vernon, Tony.Yorkshire Engine Company: Sheffield's locomotive manufacturer. History Press. 1980,
Reviewed by Phil Atkins in Backtrack, 2009, 23, 382: most of review is quoted as follows: Yorkshire Engine Company flourished from 1866 until 1965; among its founding fathers were Charles Sacre of the MSLR and Archibald Sturrock of the GNR, who was also the author's great-great-grandfather.
Although only a modest concern, building more than seven hundred steam locomotives between 1866 and 1956, but no fewer than 377 diesels between 1951 and 1965, the Yorkshire Engine Company was remarkably innovative, diversifying into motor car manufacture albeit unsuccessfully in 1907, and also building mining machinery. The largest locomotives built for the home market were fifteen imposing 0-8-0s for the Hull & Barnsley Railway in 1907 and four superheated 0-6-4Ts for the Metropolitan Railway a few years later. However, the Meadowhall Works also built large 4-8-2 tender and 4-8-4 tank engines for South America and twice was effectively kept in business by obtaining substantial orders for 0-6-0 pannier tanks from Swindon, in 1929 and 1948. For the most part it appears to have been very much a hand to mouth existence, for an order for no fewer than 30 4-4-2 tank engines from the North British Railway in 1911 also brought with it major financial problems, which were evidently exacerbated by the NBR furnishing the cylinder castings which did not even comply with its own specifications!
There are other intriguing little asides. In May 1908 the company received a surprisingly polite letter from Sam Fay, the General Manager of the Great Central Railway, pointing out that it had been using the stretch of the GC which passed the works for testing new locomotives without permission. Curiously Fay's concern was simply that the drivers and firemen involved were properly qualified; nothing was said at all about possible interaction with the GCR's own operations in that part of Sheffield!
Initially the YE Co. seemed to make a remarkably smooth transition from steam to diesel locomotive manufacture in the later 1950s, but the impact of the subsequent curtailment of the British Railways network, which was not perhaps quite so instantaneous as appears to be implied, and the rapid disappearance of industrial sidings seriously reduced demand for industrial diesel locomotives. A speculative venture was a 600hp 0-8-0 with centre cab named Taurus, given trials by British Railways in 1961, which it was hoped would be suitable for both heavy shunting and trip working. As the author points out, this role was largely filled by the BR Class 14 (0-6-0DH locomotives built at Swindon during 1964-5), but notfor very long as these were probably the shortest-lived locomotives in any category in history. The end of the firm finally came in 1965, but remarkably the original buildings still remain in use close to the M1 motorway which, following the very recent demolition of the former Vulcan Foundry, make these a rare survival from the once extensive private British steam locomotive industry.
This book is extensively illustrated and replete with works lists for both steam and diesel locomotives. Highly recommended.
Dewhurst, P.C. and Holcroft, Harold. The Fairlie locomotive - Part 2. Later designs and productions. Trans. Newcomen Soc., 1966, 39, 1-34.
Hunt, David. Locomotive builders to the Midland Railway. Midland Record, (21), 111-26.
The Yorkshire Engine Co. supplied some Midland Railway locomotives, but Hunt did not cite his sources.
See also biographies of Sydney Dennis Jenkinson, Arthur Hewitt Gilling and Harold Arthur Akroyd. and R.A. Dyson.
Yorkshire Patent Steam Wagon Co., Pepper Road,
Figs. 584 (steam railcar) and 585 (engine for). Manufacturer of steam road lorries and railcars in association with Birmingham Railway Carriage & Wagon Co. A unit suppled to the Entre Rios Railway used oil firing, three vertical cylinders actuated by Joy valve gear and driven through a jackshaft. Units were supplied to the Egyptian State Railway and Belgian State Railways. (Lowe).
Young, John & Thomas, Vulcan Foundry, Newton
Manufacturer of ship's auxiliary engines and colliery and agricultural machinery. Built small colliery locomotive in 1863 which according to Ayr Advertiser of 9 March was supplied to Ayr Colliery (Lowe). Responded to Festiniog Railway advertisement in 1862 (Boyd Festiniog Railway)
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