Brief Biographies of Major Mechanical Engineers (Part 2)

The arrangement is alphabetical (surnames beginning):

Ba Br Ca Co Da E F Ga Gr Ha Ho I J K L M Mi N O P Ra Ru Sa Sm T U W Wo

See also Civil Engineers
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Personal name index

Akroyd, Harold Arthur
Death occurred 24 February 1966 at the age of 82 years, had been a Member of Institution of Locomotive Engineers since 1918. He received his early training with Beyer Peacock & Co. Ltd., Manchester, and after a short period as Locomotive Draughtsman, R. Stephenson & Co. Ltd., Darlington, he was appointed in 1907 as Chief Draughtsman, Yorkshire Engine Co. Ltd., Sheffield, rising to the position of Managing Director of the Company. He retired in 1948 although remained a Director (Locomotive Mag., 1948, 54, 54). Contributed to the discussion on the Holcroft paper on three cylinder locomotives arguing that four cylinders were simpler. He was responsible for the designs of many locomotives built for overseas as well as the home market and his design variations involved oil firing, articulated locomotives, rack railways and a wide range of colliery locomotive types including an Akroyd Patent underground rope haulage engine which was compressed air driven. Among his other designs were the 15 in. locomotives Dr. Syn and Black Prince, bar frame locomotives which were supplied to the Romney, Hythe and Dymchurch Railway and drew much publicity at the time. Obituary: J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1966, 56, 314.. .

Allen, S.W.
Responsible for locomotive stock on Neath & Brecon Railway from 1900 until his death in 1920. Previously had served on Cardiff Railway. RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10 . .

Allen, Robert
Inventor of segmental piston valve fitted to Robert Billinton 4-4-0 No. 72 in 1908. Patent: GB 19979/1914 Improvements in or connected with pistons and like packing. Published 5 August 1915. Allen of the Caversham Engineering Works and held many patents seemingly relared to internal combustion engines. Allen & Simmonds of Reading later took over manufacture. A K class 2-6-0 No. 339 was also fittted with segmental piston rings. Locomotive Mag., 1938, 44, 77.

Allen, Samuel W.
Post of Locomotive Superintendent created in 1870 by Cardiff Railway when he came from Parfitt & Jenkins which built locomotives for the Marquis of Bute. Post lapsed in 1881 when he retired (role fulfilled by chief engineers). RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10 . Locomotive Mag., 1924, 30, 204-5,

Anderson, Cuthbert William
Born in 1891, was elected a Member of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers in 1922 (obit. Journal, 1944, 34, 342. He was educated at George Watson College, Edinburgh. At the age of 16 he entered the works of Kitson and Co., Ltd., Leeds, as a pupil. On completion of his time he returned to Edinburgh to spend a year at Heriot Watt College, and then joined the North British Railway Company, working at the St. Margaret’s Repair Shops. Four months, later he went to sea as 4th Engineer on the S.S. Emerald Wings, but after six months returned to the North British Railway's Running Shed at Haymarket. In 1913 he was transferred to the Drawing Office in Glasgow, where he remained until he was appointed an Assistant Locomotive Superintendent on the G.I.P. Railway in India in 1914. From 1916 to 1919 he was Acting District Locomotive Superintendtnt and again from 1921 to 1922. He left India in 1928 and joined his father-in-law’s firm, Messrs. Gale Lister and Co., as director, and in 1934 he retired to Devon on account of ill health. During 1937-1939 he took an active interest in A.R.P. work and became Superintendent of St. John’s Ambulance. In June, 1939, he joined the Royal Engineers and on the outbreak of WW2 was sent to Longmoor Railway Training Camp, where he became instructor. He was transferred in August, 1943, to S.M.E., Ripon, where he died very suddenly from a heart attack on 9 January 1944, in his 54th year.

In charge of works at Devoran, Redruth & Chasewater Railway. Locomotive Mag., 1902, 7, 141

Appleyard, C.E.
Author of Locomotive drawing office practice. J. Imstn Loco. Engrs., 1938, 28, 313-51. Disc.: 351-6. Paper No. 385 presented at First Ordinary General Meeting of the Centre held on Thursday, 14 October 1937, at 7.15 p.m. in Newcastle-on-Tyne,

Athey, W.T.
For thirty-three years he had  been connected with dock appliances, but when he entered the railway company's  works at Gateshead in 1887 his first job as an apprentice was in connexion with a compound locomotive at that time being built. Discussion on Gresley's High pressure locomotives, Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs., 1931, 120, 178-9.

Attock, Frederick William
Born in Stratford, London on 15 November1875. Son of Frederick Attock, carriage & wagon engineer. Educated at Manchester Technical School and pupilage at W.J. Galloway & Sons of Manchester. Locomotive fitter on the L&YR from 1896, assistant foreman at Wakefield in 1897 and foreman at Normanton in 1898. Divisional Superintendent of the Central Division of the LMS. ILocoE visit to signakking school. Retired to Uckfield in November 1934. Died 1 February 1951.
Locomotive shed lay-out. J. Instn Loco. Engrs, 1924, 14, 147-61. Disc.: 162-74. (Paper No. 156)
Shepherd, Ernie. The Atock/Attock family: a worldwide railway engineering dynasty. 2009. 264pp. (Oakwood Library of Railway History No. 150)

Attwell, Harold Ware
Southern Railway: locomotive testing )1934)

Atwell, John William
Born 24 November 1911. Educated Hyndland Seconary School, Glasgow, Royal Technical College, Glasgow and Cambridge University. Died 5 July 1999. Other than mentioning membership of the Scottish British Raiways Board between 1975 and 1981 the Who Was Who entry gives no indication of his youthful work given in his Presidential Addreess to the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. "Unlike some of my predecessors, I had no special desire during schooldays to become an engineer. It happened, however, that straight from school I joined Yarrow & Co. at Scotstoun as an apprentice engineer and remained with them for eight years. The first three years were spent in the workshops and on sea trials; for the remainder of my apprenticeship and for a further three years, I trained in the Engine Drawing Office. Yarrow were, and still are, shipbuilders of high repute specializing in warships and shallow-draught vessels. On the engineering side, they built water-tube boilers for ships and power stations and steam turbines for ship propulsion. The company had a fine reputation for standards of workmanship and performance and it is hard to imagine a better environment in which to serve an apprenticeship. Yarrow were always active in trying out new ideas. I recall, for example, a development programme lasting several years devoted to pulverized-coal burning. As a member of the small team involved in that work, I learned a lot about boiler operation, apart altogether from the problems of using pulverized coal. Another interesting project in the 1930s was a high-pressure water-tube bailer designed in collaboration with a former President of this Institution, Sir Nigel Gresley, who at that time was Chief Engineer of the LNER. The object of the exercise was to develop a water-tube boiler capable of operating under the special conditions of railway service and I recall being a member of the trials squad when the boiler was steam-tested on the locomotive outside the boiler shop at Scotstoun. I look back on my apprenticeship as a period of great interest, both in the workshops and the drawing office. There was always something new happening, and although I doubt whether Yarrow would have claimed they were running a highly geared training scheme, they certainly knew how to handle young men. The time spent with Yarrow gave me a good start to my career and I continue to be grateful for the experience I gained. During these years, I attended evening classes at the Royal Technical College, Glasgow, gained a Higher National Certificate in Mechanical Engineering, and had my first introduction to the Institution through the Scottish Branch, which this year is celebrating its 50th anniversary. It so happened that the Branch Chairman and the Branch Secretary were members of the College staff, and since the Chairman was also the Professor of Mechanical Engineering evening meetings of the Branch, which were held in the College, were well attended. This was achieved by the simple device of cancelling some of the evening lectures to enable students to attend the Institution meetings. These meetings were my first introduction to the Institution of Mechanical Engineers in the early 1930s. In 1935 I made the somewhat unusual decision, at least for those days, to leave Yarrow and, with the support of scholarships, go off to the Royal Technical College for full-time studies leading to the College Associateship. In 1937 I was accepted as a research student at the University of Cambridge where I had the good fortune to work under Professor Sir Charles Inglis, studying railtrack behaviour, which was one of his many interests. I like to think that the research work, done at Cambridge just before the war, made a significant contribution to the improved track now in use on our main-line railways." The remainder of his career was spent with Stewarts and Lloyds and G. & J. Weir. He served on a great many academic and professional committees..

Aveling, Thomas
Born 11 September 1824 at Elm near Wisbech, Cambridgeshire: died on 7 March 1881, from pneumonia caused by yachting. His first occupation was farming. He soon established that the few agricultural implements were crude in design and workmanship; the corn drill, the reaper, and the horse threshing-machine were in their infancy, and the steam plough had yet to be invented. When aged about twenty-five years he took a farm on his own account at Ruckinge on Romney Marsh (where his son, Thomas Lake Aveling was born on 25 August 1856: died Ash near Wrotham on 5 October 1931), and on this he placed one of the earliest portable engines and threshing machines made by Clayton and Shuttleworth. He became familiar with the construction and working of the engine, effecting all minor repairs and adjustments with his own hands; and in the early days of portable-engine construction, but was struck with the absurdity of requiring so ponderous yet powerful machine to be drawn by four horses. In 1856 Aveling introduced the steam plough into Kent, in conjunction with John Fowler of Leeds and Ransomes and Sims of Ipswich. This so well pleased some of the leading agriculturists of the county that a testimonial and a purse of 300 guineas were presented to him.
A small millwrighting and foundry business in Rochester was purchased by Aveling with his father-in-law's assistance. This develooped rapidly to become a major manfacturer of traction engines used for agriculture, steam sappers used in warfare and traction engine locomotives (see Archive, 2015, 2) and road rollers. He was a local political figure and a kean yachtsman. His son took over the business until he retired in 1928

Bailey, A.S.
Began his railway career on Metropolitan District Railway at Lillie Bridge Works under the Hon. S.A. Cecil, and then moved to LSWR at Nine Elms. In 1895 he became chief inspector of locomotive building in Glasgow for Sir Alex Rendel & Sons, Consulting Engineers. In 1897 appointed Works Manager at Jamalpur, East Indian Railway. From 1904 until 1912 he was chief mechanical engineer of the Bengal Nagpur Railway. In 1912 he joined Cammell, Laird & Co. as London Manager and in 1915 was appointed general manager of the National Projectile Factory Nottingham equipped by Cammell, Laird for the government. In 1921 he became a director of Cammell, Laird. He retired in 1933 (Locomotive Mag., 1934, 40, 17) and died in 1940.Locomotive Mag., 1940, 46, 74..

Baldwin, Thomas (Tom)
Head of Mechanical Engineering in Research Department at Derby at time of fitted coal train tests in early 1950s. See Pat Webb Fitted coal tests. Midland Record, 2000 (13), 59.  earlier: ILocoE Paper No. 394 on The fatigue strength of machined tyre steels (including some general notes on fatigue and related matters). Journall, 1938, 28, 649-84. Disc.: 684-722. Second Ordinary General Meeting of the Session 1938-39 was held at the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, London, on Wednesday, 26 October, 1938, at 6 p.m.: Lt.-Col. F. R. Collins, Past President, occupying the chair.

Barclay,  William
Born at Montrose in 1824. Nephew of Alexander Allan Locomotive Superintendent of the Scottish Central Railway who designed the locomotives used on Inverness & Nairn and Inverness & Aberdeen Junction Railways wwhilst Braclay was in charge. According to Cormack and Stevenson he left the I&AJR "undersomething of a cloud" and for a time managed a hotel in Liverpool. From this he moved to Stratford to work under S.W. Johnson, and following a period as Locomotive Superintendent of the Thetford & Watton Rly (Watton is an obscure settlement in deepest Norfolk) he rejoined Johnson on the Midland Rly, but working at Poplar Docks, dying at Stratford . Locomotive Mag. 1916, 22, 111. 

Barnard, Douglas
Premium apprentice at Ashford  Works from 1934-9 see Chacksfield Richard Maunsell p. 119..

Barnes, Victor Thomas Edward
Died on 23 April 1922. He was apprenticed to the London and South Western Railway at Eastleigh, where he received his mechanical training from 1913 to 1918. He was then employed as an improver at Salisbury. He was elected a Graduate of the Institution on the 26 February 1916, and an Associate Member on 3 July 1919. On 30 September 1916 he read Paper 48 before the Institution of Locomotive Engineers entitled Locomotive smokeboxes and fittings. For this Paper he received the Graduates’ Award presented by the then President R.E.L. Maunsell

Barraclough, L.
Ex-North British Locomotive Co. draughtsman (redundant with end of B17 order): recruited by Coleman: Langridge p. 159

Barrans, Joseph
Patent: GB 12862/1849. Axles and axleboxes of locomotive engines and other railway carriages 24 November 1849. Paper: Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs, 1851, 2, 3.

Barratt, Samuel Harry Hill
Born 29 March 1869; died 1 August 1940 (obituary J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1940, 30, 365), after a long and painful illness. He was educated at Merchant Taylor’s School, and graduated at King’s College, London. Pupil of William Adams, Chief Mechanical Engineer, London and South Western Railway. At Nine Elms Works, he passed through all departments,including the drawing office and running. Later he went to Ferranti Ltd., Manchester, as a designer of electric machinery and afterwards was engineer in charge of St. Luke’s Electric Light Station, City Road, Manchester. Barratt had been works manager of the former Bell’s United Asbestos Co., Ltd., which with J.W. Roberts, Ltd., was taken over by Turner and Newall, Ltd., when he became a director of J.W. Roberts, Ltd. His friends remembered him for his expert knowledge in the application of asbestos in its many forms to the railway industry, particularly locomotives and rolling stock. He was also active in his advocacy of the lining of railway tunnels to deaden noise. Barratt had been a member of the Institution since April, 1919, and was also a member of the Institution of Civil Engineers. See also Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1932, 38, 164..

Beattie, Arthur Luther
Born in Yorkshire in January 1852. Apprenticed at Railway Foundry Leeds. Moved to New Zealand in 1876/7, becoming assistant engineer of the Otago railways. On movement of T.F. Rotheram to Western Australia in 1900 became Chief Mechanical Engineer New Zealand Government Railways: retired in 1913: succeeded by H.H. Jackson (Loco. Mag., 1913, 19, 203). During his tenure Pacific type introduced.

Beattie, Frank
General mechanical engineer on first Taay Bridge who gave evidence to Inquiry into its failure.. Charles McKean Battle for the North

Bell, A. Morton
Died 10 February 1936 at home in Hampstead when aged 72 years. Obituary J. Instn Loco. Engrs, 1936, 26, 123. He was Chairman of the Finance and General Purposes Committee, and had served his time at GER Stratford Works under Bromley. He took a leading part in the installation and working of Holden’s oil-burning locomotives, and, as a result, was granted leave to carry out trials with oil-burning locomotives on the Koursk, Kharkoff and Sebastopol Railway, the Austrian State Railways, the railways of Sicily, and, in the United States, on the Pennsylvania RR, the Southern California RR, and the Los Angeles Terminal Line. In 1897 he was appointed Manager of the then new wagon shops at Temple Mills. In 1900 he joined the Shell Transport Company, for whom he visited Russia, Turkey, Egypt and Italy in connection with oil storage and burning. In 1903 he was appointed Carriage and Wagon Superintendent of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway at Matunga, near Bombay, which post he held up to the time of his resignation in 1924. For his services during  WW1, when his works were employed on munitions, he was awarded the O.B.E. He was elected a Member of the ILocoE Council in 1924, and, later, made a Vice-president. He had the interests of the Institution very much at heart and was a regular attendant at meetings. He was a frequent contributor to the Locomotive Magazine, and was author of Locomotives: their construction, maintenance and operation, published by Virtue and Co., Ltd., only a few months before his death. See also V.R. Webster Rly Wld., 1984, 45, 582. .

Bell, John George
Died at Melton Constable on 18 March 1926, aged 69. He was the grandson of Thomas Bell. Started on North Eastern Railway. For 44 years worked with M&GNJR and its predecesors: he became an inspector in 1904 and a foreman in 1917 when he was responsible for the running depots at Melton Constable and Cromer. Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1926, 32, 127

Bell, Walter John
Died 18 September 1938 at Malden. Partner in Locomotive Publishing Company with his brothers A.R. Bell and A. Morton Bell and with A.C.W. Lowe. For fifty years he was associated with the enginecring firm of Taike and Carlton, Ltd., of Victoria Street London, and was Author of several hooks on locomotive engineering, besides being Consulting Editor of The Locomotive. He wrote, in conjunction with A.. C.W. Lowe, several histories of railways and locomotives which appeared in 'The Locomotive.including the Bristol and Excter, Highland, West Lancashire, Malines-Terneuzen and many lesser-known lines. He was one of the Foundation Members of the Institution of Locomotive Engineersx: see obituary in Journal, Volume 28, page 608 and See V.R. Webster Rly Wld., 1984, 45, 582. Portrait in latter

Bennett, A.
Works Manager, Lochgorm Shops, Highland Railway. See Locomotive Mag., 1924, 30, 135. An A.S. Bennett retired from being Works Manager at Kilmarnock in 1942 (Locomotive Mag., 1942,, 48, 182.

Betts, Thomas George
Locomotive superintendent Stockholm-Vasteras-Bergslagens Railway in 1907. See Locomotive Mag., 1907, 13, 205-6.

Black, James
Former chief designer (draughtsman) North Britsh Locomotive Co.: entertained Coleman and Langridge to a meal whilst 10800 project being executed. Langridge Under ten CMEs 2 p. 63. see Langridge Under ten CMEs. Vol. 1 p. 106 where note states was Chief Designer.

Blacklock, Matthew
Locomotive designer for Armstrong Whitworth . David Burke. When Armstrong Whitworth built for Australia. Rly Wld, 1987, 48, 583. Participated in discussion sessions at meetings of Newcastle centre of Institution of Lovomotive Engineers. In group photograph at handing over of first three Class 5 to LMS at Scotswood  in April 1935. Locomotive Mag., 1935, 41, 151..

Blair, George Young  
Born in 1826 at Drumrauch, on his father’s farm near Dundee; died on 22 September 1894. He was apprenticed as a mechanical engineer and specialised in building marine engines. After working in Scotland for some years, he became a manager in the engineering department at Palmers Shipbuilding and Iron Co at Jarrow. He left Jarrow in 1855 to manage the Locomotive Engine Works of Fossick and Hackworth at Stockton. He become a partner in the firm after Hackworth’s retirement in 1864 and then sole owner after Fossick’s retirement soon after. The firm grew rapidly and within 30 years covered an area of about 14 acres and employed 2,500 workmen. The firm specialised in triple-expansion and quadruplex engines for steamships. Blair was married three times. His first wife was a Miss Thorn. They had one daughter and two sons, all of whom died in early life. His second wife was Margaret Borrie (1836-88). They married on 4 September 1862 at St Hilda’s, Middlesbrough. Margaret came from a Scottish shipping background. They had four children, one son and three daughters. In 1888 his wife Margaret died aged 52 and was buried at Hutton Rudby. On 20 March 1889 he married Marian Bower at Chelsea. Graces Guide

Blair, J.
Assistant to Chief Mechanical Engineer Doncaster to be Mechanical Engineer (Outdoor) in succession to C.H.M. Elwell (deceased). Locomotive Mag., 1943, 49, 133. Appointed Acting Mechanical Engineer, LNER Scotland, in succession to J F. Harrison. Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1947, 53, 67.. Moved to Carriage & Wagon Engineer, Derby (Locomotive Mag., 1949, 55, 55)

Blundell, John
Highly active ILocoE member: Post WW2 known as Colonel. District Locomotive Superintendent Peterborough in 1946 (Locomotive Mag., 1946, 52, 123): District Motive Power Superintendent Sheffield in 1952. Had been at Stockport (LNER) in 1926. Papers:.
Locomotive delays and their causes. J. Instn Loco. Engrs. 1932, 22, 186-209 (Paper No. 287); J. Instn Loco. Engrs Some notes on fractures. 1933. 23, 270-85. Contributed to discussion on Windle paper by making obseervations on Caprotti poppet valves J. Instn Loco. Engrs.,1931, 21, 200 and major communication on locomotive design in response to Topham's The running man's ideal locomotive. Comment on modernized Polmadie mpd. Menioned by Cameron in Chapter 10 in Peter Townend. LNER Pacifics remembered: on problem of paper towels getting into water troughs and blocking sieves in tenders.

Boath, Andrew Butller
Divisional Mechanical Inspector at Hunt's Bank Manchester in 1946; prior to that he been Divisional Motive Power Superintendent at Perth on the LMS. In 1949 he became Saless Manager (Railway Division) British Timken Ltf in Birmingham. In 1968 he became the London Manager of J.W. Roberts, part of the Turner & Newall Group. Major contributor to ILocoE discussion.

Boocock, Colin Peter
Born on 12 December 1938. Educated at Bournemouth Grammar School. Trained as locomotive engineer at Eastleigh. Associated mainly with non-steam traction, working at Derby and Easleigh, Sometime Rolling Stock Engineer Scottish Region. Writes extensively:
The rebuilt Bulleid Pacifics: were they value for money? Steam Wld., 1994 (79) 6- British Railways in colour 1948-68 — a period of tiansition lan Allan, 112pp. reviewed in Railway World., 1988, 49, 588
East Coast electrification (Modern Railways Special). (Ian Allan Ltd 48pp) Reviewed Railway World, 1991, 52, 505. Photographs of accident at Bournemouth. Southern Way, 2011 (13), 61-8.

Borrie, Peter
Owner of the Tay Foundry in Dundee which provided the machinery for a steam ship used  between Perth and Dundee and in 1841 built five locomotives, only one of which was s old to the Edinburgh & Glasgow Railway: it was named Euclid. See Steel.

Bouhon, Louis Julien Raymond
Belgian inventor, who appears to have settled in Britain. Invented heat recovery systems as shown in following British patents:,
104,362 Improvements in or relating to the heating of railway trains, by recovered waste heat. Applied 25 February 1916. Published 26 February 1917..
119,494. Improvements in or relating to apparatus for the recovery of waste heat in engines. Applied. 25 September 1917. Published  25 September 1918.
See also paper: Carlier, S. Heating of trains and the problem of coal saving. J. Instn Loco. Engrs, 1918, 8, 255-67. Disc.: 267-92. (Paper No. 63)

Bowden, Andrew T.
See IMechE peper on coal fired gas tur4bine

Bowers, Charles
Inventor of improvement to piston valves to prevent leakage:
GB Patent 12735. applied 29 May 1909; accepted 23 September 1909

Names beginning "Br"

Brackenbury, Aloysius Graham
1881-1952. Inventor: holder of many patents notably on quick release valves for vacuum brakes as employed on LNER high speed trains and providing excuse for Mallard's 126 mile/ on 3 July 1938. Worked with Le Clair and with P.T.W. Remant (see Rly Mag., 1978, 124, 322). Patents include GB 334,326 on steam heating radiators and GB 206,256 on ventilators (in association with Peters & Co.). Encountered by Langridge (Under 10 CMEs Volume 2 page 70 not in index) who called him one of Westinghouse's "master brains". and Railway Wld., 1979, 40, 642.

Bradley, John
John Bradley & Co. was formed in 1800 by John Bradley, the managing partner, together with financial backing from Thomas Jukes Collier (1761-1846) and the trustees of Henry Foster, John Bradley's late stepfather who had died in 1793. In January 1802, a Deed of Co-Partnership (D6/1/D6/1) was drawn up between John Bradley, Thomas Jukes Collier, and the six other children of Henry Foster, late of Stourbridge, Manufacturer of Iron Goods, deceased. The parties mutually agreed to be co-partners and joint traders together in the management of the Stourbridge Forge, Steam Engine, and Mill, for the manufacturing, selling and vending of Iron. The business of John Bradley & Co. was to convert pig iron into wrought iron, for use in local industry. From 1807, William and James Foster, step-brothers of John Bradley, took equal shares in the Foster holding of the Company. Thomas Jukes Collier resigned from the Partnership in 1810, and William Foster left in 1813, leaving John Bradley and James Foster as equal partners in John Bradley and Co. at this time. In 1814, the business expanded by taking over the site of 'Dovey's Glass Cutting & Engraving Works' at Stourbridge, and a new Works was built. John Bradley died in January 1816 at the age of 46 years, leaving James Foster in sole control of John Bradley & Co. James Bradley managed to expand the Company into coal mining as well as iron-manufacturing, and enhanced the reputation of John Bradley & Co. as manufacturers of good-quality products. James Foster entered into a partnership with John Rastrick in 1819, which became known as 'Foster, Rastrick & Co.'. Henry Bradley, son of the late John Bradley, became a partner of the Company in 1827 with his Uncle, James Bradley. In 1832, the Company owned: Stourbridge Old Works, Stourbridge New Works, Stourbridge Foundry, Shutt End Colliery, Brierley Hill Iron Works, Scotts Green Colliery, Baptist End Colliery, Erdington Works, Hampton Lode Works. Henry Bradley left the Partnership in 1837, leaving James Foster as the sole proprietor once more. He was a well-respected member of the local Community, becoming Whig M.P. for Bridgnorth in 1830; a Justice of the Peace for the County of Staffordshire in 1832; and in 1840 he became High Sheriff of Worcestershire. He died unmarried in 1853 and the Company passed to his nephew, William Orme Foster, son of William Foster who had left the Partnership in 1813 to trade independently. The Company continued to expand under William Orme Foster, and by 1869 John Bradley and Co. was one of the largest iron manufacturers in the Midlands, with a total of 95 puddling furnaces. Off Internet where more is available, Firm is important as early suppier of wrought iron rails.

Bradshaw, George T.M.
According to J.I.C. Boyd. Glimpses of the narrow gauge. Rly Wld, 1954, 15, 158. was Locomotive Superintendent and introduced the Kitson 4-4-2T type not used elsewhere on the Irish narrow gauge.

Bradshaw, James
Locomotive Superintendent Isle of Man Railway from 17 April 1912. (still there in 1926 when Mannin added to stock). Retired in 1929 and succeeded by Frederick Joseph Vaughan (Locomotive Mag., 1929, 35, 73). Bradshaw was formerly Locomotive Superintendent of the East & West Junction Railway (SMJR): resignation Locomotive Mag., 1908, 14, 189.  Previously to this he was on the LNWR at Crewe. Locomotive Mag., 1912, 18, 94. Letter from James Bradshaw on p. 184 Vol. 28 Locomotive Mag. written as Locomotive Superintendent Isle of Man Railway which states that it was his father who was LS East & West Junction Railway

Loocmotive inspector on GCR: lubricant trimmings for bogie: see Loco. Mag., 1917, 23, 32-5.

Bramworth, A.
Worked for LNER: within party of LNER and LMS engineers which visited USA in 1945: photograph taken on Queen Elizabeth by Cox (Locomotive panorama V. 2): party included Pugson of LMS: was Bramworth a carriage & wagon man?

Branston, C.A.
Appears to have been an authority (his contributions are like papal bulls) on brakes. Due to Sage's "chain library policy" impossible to establish if a chartered engineer. See contributions to Locomotive Mag.
Drohlshammer brake 1930, 36, 323

Webb chain brake. 1939, 45, 278

Bressey, C.E.
First works manager at Tuxford Works of the Lancashire Derbyshire & East Coast Railway. Had been trained at Bow Works of the North London Railway. Atkins Backtrack, 2013, 27, 218.

Brewer, Archibald John
Joined ILocoE with his brother? (see below) as an Associate in 1918. On leaving school he joined the firm of Drew, Bear, Ransome and Perks, Engineers, London, whom he served in various capacities for 40 years until the firm amalgamated with Dorman Long and Co., Ltd. In 1915 he was awarded second prize in the Stephenson Locomotive Society’s competition for the design of a standard gauge steam locomotive capable of hauling a net load of 500 tons at an average speed of 50 miles an hour. He was also keenly interested in model railway work, being a member of the Model Railway Club (London). He died on the 25 February 1932 aged 56, after a long illness.

Brewer, Frederick William
Contributor to Locomotive Magazine and to discussions at ILocoE. Commented on Holcroft's paper on three-cylinder locomtives: see Volume 8 p. 377 also long contribution to Riekie's paper on compounding (page 435) Archibald John Brewer joined ILocoE at same time as Frederick William. Lived in Stevenage.

Briggs, William E.
Contributor to Locomotive Mag. especially on Brighton locomotive Sussex. Premium apprentice under R.J. Billinton. See Locomotive Mag., 1927, 33, 101 and on Stroudley and Robert Billinton unfulfilled designs in 47, 72.

Bright, A.E.
Prior to 1946 was with Buenos Aires Pacific Railway in Argentine; after was with Robert Stephenson & Hawthorn. Active in affairs of ILocoE. Comment on Cox Paper No. 346

Broadbent, William Benedict
See Backtrack, 2011, 25, 454 for autobiographical article written by Edward Talbot. Bill Broadbent was interviewed by Roland Bond and started his engineering apprenticeship at Crewe Works in early 1942. He came from Huddersfield and had been educated at public school and he and his brother Basil had steam garden model railways.

Brotherhood, Peter  
Born 1838; died at his home at 15 Hyde Park Gardens on 13 October 1902. From age 13 to 18 he studied applied science at King's College School. After practical experience including a period at the Great Western Railway works at Swindon he joined the drawing-office of the marine engineering works of Maudslay, Son & Field in Lambeth. He is said to have had a "mechanical instinct" which allowed him to design machinery without resorting to calculations or formulae. He also had a passion for experiment. Before reaching her became a partner in the engineers and millwrights business of Kittoe and Brotherhood in Clerkenwell when their main product was brewing machinery.Kittoe retired in 1871 and the firm became Peter Brotherhood and the firm mainly produced machines of Peter Brotherhood's own invention, in particular from 1872 the Brotherhood 3-cylinder 120 degrees radial engine which could be powered by steam, water or compressed air at high speed and in perfect balance. Put to many uses it drove the Navy's Whitehead torpedoes and was used in the torpedoes of other navies as well.  Fans, dynamos and other high speed machines were directly driven by this engine. In 1881 the business was moved to Belvedere Road, Lambeth. The radial engine led not only to fans dynamos etc. but eventually to the manufacture of steam turbines, internal combustion engines and heavy oil and diesel engines specially the Brotherhood-Ricardo high-speed heavy oil engine. Graces Guide & Wikipedia

Brown, Alan
Apprentice at Brighton Warks at same time as Fred Rich. See Railway Wld., 1983, 44, 62.

Brown, Derrick Charles
Chief Mechanical Engineer, Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations, elected President of the ILocoE for Session 1960-61. He served apprenticeship at the Stratford Works of the Great Eastern Railway from 1917 to 1922. After graduating from Queen Mary College (then East London College), University of London, Brown was appointed in 1924 Personal Assistant to the late W.A. Lelean, Chief of the Locomotive Department of Messrs. Rendel, Palmer and Tritton, Consulting Engineers. He joined the Crown Agents for the Colonies in 1930 as an Engineering Assistant in the Department dealing with the design of locomotives, carriages and wagons. In 1940 he was seconded to the Ministry of Supply as a Senior Design Officer in the Department of Tank Design, Chobham, where he remained until 1945. Shortly after his return to the Crown Agents he was appointed Deputy Chief Engineer, Engineering Inspection Department, and in 1950, was appointed Deputy Chief Mechanical Engineer. In 1956 he succeeded Mr. A. Campbell as Chief Mechanical Engineer. During the course of his duties he visited in 1950 Hong Kong, Malaya, Singapore, North Borneo, Brunei, Sarawak and Ceylon. In 1955 he visited Iraq, Persia and Jordan, and during the years 1956 to 1959 he again visited Iraq and Persia and has also made extensive tours in East and West Africa. Mr. Brown was elected an Associate Member in 1924 and transferred to full membership in 1933. He was elected a Member of Council in 1949 and became a Vice-president in 1958. Paper 381 (ILocoE) on counterbalancing and its effect on the locomotive and the bridge..

Brown, T.W.
Chief of Materials Inspection Bureau on Post-War LMS with fascilities at Crewe, Derby, Horwich and St. Rollox and in charge of Inspectors of raw materials and components. Cox Chronicles of steam. In 1949 appointed by Railway Executive to be Materials Inspection Officer for British Railways J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1949, 39, 313.

Broxup, Charles Eric
Began his training with the Great Eastern Railway at Stratford in 1908 (son of Charles Thomas below), after which he served in the Drawing Office. In 1914 Broxup joined the Metropolitan Carriage, Wagon & Finance Co. Ltd., Birmingham, and from there joined the Royal Engineers. His war service included service in France wiih that Corps. After demobilisation he joined Stone’s of Deptford and in 1920 was appointed to the Inspection Staff of the Crown Agents for the Colonies, where he remained some 13 years. Later he joined the staff of Messrs. Sandberg (Consulting and Inspecting Engineers) and for the last 15 years he acted as Consulting and Inspecting Engineer to the Egyptian and Sudan Governments. He had been a Member since 1940. His death occurred in his 62nd year. J. Instn. Loco. Engrs., 1954, 44, 541.

Broxup, Charles Thomas
Born 27 January 1859 at Stratford.  Died: 16 December 1923 at Falmouth, Cornwall. Entered railway service 1874, at Stratford Works on Great Eastern Railway. He assistsed in the construction of the Swedish & Norwegian Railway serving the port of Narvik. First locomotive superintendent of the Lancashire, Derbyshire & East Coast Railway appointed on 1 July 1896, having served as temporary locomotive inspector from May 1895. Like most of his successors, his term of office was short, since he resigned in May 1897. (see Backtrack, 2028, 32, 206). Subsequently locomotive superintendent of the Manila Railway (Locomotive Mag., 1906, 12, 204). Succeeded on LDECR by Grierson. He was Carriage and Wagon Superintendent, Argentine North Eastern Railway, and ended his railway service in 1913. (National Archives). Locomotive Mag. !924, 30, 37 obituary gives incorrect date for death.

Buchanan, George
Born Glasgow on 25 May 1881. Educated Albert Public School and Glasgow Technical College. Apprenticed at Atlas Locomotive Works of Sharp Stewart. Draughtsman successively at G. & J. Weir of Cathcart, the Vulcan Foundry and North British Locomotive Co. Briefly Assistant Chief Draughtsman on the LBSCR before joining Dearborn Chemical Co. in 1922 becoming their European Manager in 1926. Died on 19 May 1946. Obit. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1947, 37, 458..

Buckle, Herbert Thornton
Died  aged 80 in 1945? or possibly late 1944. Prior to his retirement in 1927, was in charge of trials and the testing of engines at Brighton. Buckle was a frequent contributor of drawings to the Locomotive Mag, and was responsible for nearly all of the illustrations in the series of articles "Locomotives of the L.B. & S.C.R." and "Locomotives of the G.E.R." Some of his work appears in the North London Railway series. In addition to his keen interest in locomotives he was a very enthusiastic student of heraldry (books on Benedictine heraldry housed in King's Lynn Library: not seen) . Buckle started on the G.E.R. at Stratford and left there in 1891 to serve in the L.B. & S.C.R. drawing office at Brighton until his retirement. See Locomotive Mag., 1945, 51, 19. Buckle mentioned by Atkins Southern Way, 2012, (17), 42-7.

Bulkeley, George Vicary Owen
Born on 22 August 1882; educated at Victoria College, Jersey and Manchester University then joined Locomotive Department of the GWR. His Mechanical appliances for handling railway traffic was reviewed in Locomotive Mag., 1922, 28, 58. Became an outdoor engineer with F.W. Herne & Co. in Japan; a period with Canadian Pacific Raailway motive power and a return to the GWR to serve on the General Managers's staff. Paper on bulk handling machinery presented to G.W.R. Literary and Debating Society at Paddington station reported Locomotive Mag., 1924, 30, 111. He then moved to manage ports on the Kenya and Uganda Railways and from 1933 became Manager of the Nigerian Railway. Appointed Director of Transport in Nigeria in 1936 (Locomotive Mag., 1936, 42, 163), . Contributed to discussaion on Dewrance paper when either retired or in senior managerial position, author of Mechanical appliances for handling freight traffic, 1921 (Ottley 3382) and Railway and seaport freight movement. 1930 (Ottley 3823); Transport administration in tropical dependencies (Railway Gazette, 1946); The 4-8-0 locomotive on Colonial railways. Locomotive Mag., 1947, 53, 187. Some considerations regarding locos. for colonial railways. Locomotive Mag., 1947, 53, 20.

Burge, Rodon Ludford
He was born in 1882 and educated at Cheltenham and Malvern Colleges and served his engineering apprenticeship at Swindon as a pupil of William Dean from 1900 to 1903. After taking a course at University College, London he returned to the Drawing Office at Swindon. In 1911 he went to Canada and then to the USA where he was employed as a draughtsman in the Signal Engineer's Office of the Chicago and Western Indiana RR. During WW1 he was injured at the Battle of the Somme and then served in Palestine on the Aleppo-Haifa Railway. After WW1 he joined the Locomotive Publishing Co. until ill health forced his retirement. He died on 22 April 1937. Obituary: J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1937, 27, 580-1

Burley, Arthur
Born on 27 August 1887. He received his early education at Stoke-on-Trent. His apprenticeship was served with Kerr, Stuart & Co., Ltd., where he passed through the machine, fitting and erecting shops, and was for four years in the Drawing Office. In 1910 he entered the Drawing Office of the North British Locomotive Co., Ltd., at Glasgow, leaving them in 1915 to join the Fairfield Shipbuilding Co. From 1918 to 1925 he was successively with Wm. Beardmore & Co., Locomotive Department, The North British Locomotive Company, Robert Stephenson & Co., Darlington, and W.G. Bagnall, Ltd., at which latter place he was Chief Draughtsman. He died suddenly aged 42 on 11 June 1930, whilst in India on the Company’s business. ILocoE obituary, .

Burrell, Frederick John
Member of family who owned Charles Burrell & Sons of St Nicholas Works in Thetford, Norfolk. Patented an improved condenser (14872/1887) for tramway locomotives. See R.H. Clark Chronicles of a country works and Steam engine builders of Norfolk.

Burrows, Maurice George
Died on 28 August 1964 in his 62nd year; educated at Lancing College and received his technical education at Swindon Technical College. Served his apprenticeshaip at Swindon Works from 1920 to 1925 and then entered Swindon Drawing Office. (ILocoE obituary). In 1934 he was transferred to the LMS as Technical Assistant Assistant, became Mechanical Inspector in 1935, eventually becoming Assistant Works Superintendent before being transferred in 1948 to the Southern Region at Brighton as Assistant to the C.M.E. for Locomotives. In 1951 he was made Assistant Mechanical Engineer, Brighton, becoming Mechanical Engineer, Brighton in 1956. In 1957 he was appointed Chief Mechanical and Electrical Engineer, North Eastern Region—the position he held when he died. Burrows was elected an Associate Member in 1935 and he transferred to Member in 1947. He was elected a Member of Council in 1958 and continued to serve in that capacity until the date of his death. . Author of Paper No. 584. Assistant to Bond when at Crewe: Bond Lifetime. Langridge Under ten CMEs V.2 p. 107 has a reference to "Burrows, a young man brought by Stanier from Swindon to the LMS, went to Brighton as assistant ME". Also encountered at Llandudno Junctiion by J.M. Dunn who complained about lack of standardisation in Class 5 and Burrows countered that they had been puchased very cheaply.

Surnames beginning Ca

Cadman, N.G.
Chief Brake Engineer (appiinment Locomotive Mag., 1947, 53, 78), to be Deputy Works Manager.of Westinghouse Brake & Signal Co., Ltd., Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1949, 55, 181

Callendar, Hugh Longbourne
Born on 18 April 1863 at Hatherop, Gloucestershire. Educated at Marlborough College, where he ranked top in classics and mathematics and excelled at sports. He entered Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1882, obtaining a first class in the classical tripos in his second year and graduating as sixteenth wrangler in 1885. Later in 1885 he joined the Cavendish Laboratory, then under J.J. Thomson, having done no serious reading in physics and lacking practical laboratory experience. He was appointed professor of physics at Royal Holloway College, Englefield Green, in 1893 but stayed there only two terms before moving to Canada to take up the chair of physics at McGill University, Montreal, where he was in charge of the new Macdonald physics building. There Callendar found suitable apparatus on which he could pursue his plans for high-precision work based on electrical measures. He also studied engineering problems connected with steam turbines, and with John Thomas Nicolson determined the temperature of steam expansion behind a piston. In June 1894 he was elected fellow of the Royal Society. On leaving McGill his place was taken by Ernest Rutherford. Callendar returned to England in 1898 as Quain professor of physics at University College, London. In 1902 he succeeded Sir Arthur Rücker as professor of physics at the Royal College of Science, London, incorporated into the Imperial College of Science and Technology in 1907, where he remained until his death.
Callendar devised in 1887 an extremely accurate compensation bridge; the original, constructed in 1893, was used throughout his researches on steam. An important paper, ‘Thermodynamic properties of gases and vapours deduced from a modified form of the Joule-Thomson equation’ (Proc. R. Soc., 1900, 67,  266–86) formed the basis of his subsequent work on steam, for in it he stated all the thermodynamic properties of steam by means of consistent thermodynamic formulae, leading to the formulation of his steam equation and the publication of his Callendar Steam Tables (1915, 1922, 1927), giving the properties of steam up to and beyond the critical pressure. He also published The Properties of Steam (1920). Callendar took part in the first International Steam Tables Conference, held in London in 1929 to co-ordinate research work in various countries. In 1899 Lord Rayleigh's committee of electrical standards accepted Callendar's proposals for a standard scale of temperature based on the platinum thermometer, and it continues to be relied on for temperatures between the boiling point of liquid oxygen (-182.97 °C) and the melting point of antimony (630.5 °C). He was an excellent teacher and his dignified kindliness endeared him to his students. Instn Civ. Engrs. paper on superheating. He died at 11 Grange Park, Ealing, London, on 21 January 1930. Anita McConnell in ODNB

Carlton, Thomas William
Of Taite and Carlton, son of Samuel Carlton, Manager of the Locomotive Works of the Great Western Railway at Swindon. Retired from his post as Engineer Surveyor-in-Chief of the Consultative Branch of the Marine Department of the Board of Trade and was succeeded in office by A.E. Laslett. Carlton enjoyed a very varied and interesting career. He was an apprentice at the works of Westray, Copeland and Co. After completing his apprenticeship, he went to sea, and spent several years on ships of the British and India and Ducal lines. In 1890 he joined the Marine Department of the Board of Trade and was appointed to the Hull office. 1899 Transferred to the Consultative Department in London. Carlton, for many years, acted as assessor to the Board of Trade inspecting officers in their inquiries into the explosions of locomotive boilers. Thus, he assisted at the following investigations. 25 September 1900, Westerfield, Great Eastern. 11 March 1901, Knottingley, Lancashire and Yorkshire. 9 April 1906, the Oaks, Lancashire and Yorkshire. 25 September 1907, Wath, Hull and Barnsley. 21 April 1909, Cardiff, Rhymney. 29 April 1912, Tunbridge Wells, South-Easter and Chatham. In 1912 he became Assistant to the Engineer Surveyor-in-Chief. 1916 He was appointed Engineer Surveyor-in-Chief and Inspector of the anchor and chain cable proving establishments. He was associated with the Committee on British Marine Engineering Design and Construction which was appointed by the Institution of Naval Architects. 11th November 1921, 'in the inquiry into the Buxton, London and North-Western, explosion, Major Hall was assisted by Mr Cranwell. He was a member of the Committee appointed by the Institution of Electrical Engineers to draw up regulations governing the electrical equipment of ships. He is also associated with the Marine Oil Engines Trials Committee and the Sections Committee of the British Engineering Standards Association. Great progress has been made in marine engine and boiler design during the term of Carlton's office, but he has continued to show himself in close sympathy with the developments. At the "recent Spring Meetings" of the Institution of Naval Architects he expressed his confidence in the future success of the high-pressure water tube boiler.

Canty, John
Looked after locomotives on Rhymney Railway fromdeath of John Kendall in 1869 until 1884, under Cornelius Lundie, . RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10 . .

Carr, F.W.
F.W. Carr ,LNER  initial appointment as assistant manager, carriage and wagon shops, York. Locomotive Mag., 1923,  29, 220. Later: formerly works manager Darlington moved to be works manager Gorton in succession to J.W. Smith. Locomotive Mag, 1933, 39, 1. Works Manager, Gorton (acting Assistant Mechanical Engineer (Stratfard) , to be Assistant Mechanical Engineer, Stratford, (Locomotive Mag., 1937, 43, 267). Former assistant mechanical engineer at Stratford to be mechanical engineer Southern Area (Eastern Section (Locomotive Mag., 1938, 44, 187). ) Moved to Mechanical Engineer, Stratford: Locomotive Mag, 1941, 47, 140. Died in 1946 (Locomotive Mag., 1947, 53, 13}

Caster, George
Assistant Works Manager, Stratford promoted to be Works Manager at Gateshead in succession to S.L Baister in 1930 (Locomotive Mag., 1920, 36, 308). Loccomotive Works Manager Gorton from 1943 until until 1947: see Locomotive Mag., 1943, 49, 173. Locomotive Mag., 1947, 53, 31.

Lived in York. In 1869 built a neat steam wagonette with a water capacity for five miles and coal for twenty. Capable of carrying three at a fair speed.

Chard, E.
Served apprenticeship on Somerset & Dorset Railway at Highbridge Works. Subsequently worked in Midland Railway drawing office, then at North British Locomotive Company and at the Doncaster Works drawing office of the Great Northern Railway, before being recruited by Urie for Eastleigh. Langridge Under ten SMEs..

Clark, George Thomas
Born in  London on 26 May 1809; died Tal-y-garn, near Llantrisant, Glamorgan on 31 January 1898 aged 88 Civil engr, historian and archaeologist. Eldest son of George C. chaplain to the Royal Military Asylum, Chelsea. Educated Charterhouse. After training as engineer he was entrusted by Brunel with constructing two divisions of the GWR, the main works being Paddington station and bridges at Basildon and Moulsford. During this period he compiled the first offidal guide to the GWR, pub in 1839 without his name and dedicated to Brunel. In 1846 he published a more detailed account, The History and Description of the GWR, again anonymous [Ottley 6026], in connection with a series of prints by J C Bourne. About 1843 Clark went to India and reported on prospects for the first railway in India, Bombay to Tannah, later GIPR, and also on the feasibility of extn through the Western Ghats. He was offered the post of chief engr but preferred to return to England where he exerted himself in the improvement of public health work and sanitation. In 1852 he became trustee of Dowlais estate and ironworks. He was one of the first iron-masters to assist Henry Bessemer perfect his process for making malleable iron direct from ore. Experiments at Dowlais resulted in the first rails ever to be rolled without the intervention of a puddling furnace. The difficulty of finding adequate British ore of suitable quality led him, in conjunction with the Consett Iron Co and Krupp of Essen, to acquire an extensive tract of iron ore deposits near Bilbao in Spain. He also purchased large coal measures in Glamorganshire. To avoid transport, in 1888-91 he established furnaces and mills by the sea at Cardiff. Under Clark Dowlais became a great training school for engineers and rnanagers. On the formation of the British Iron Trade Association in 1876 Clark was elected its first president He was Sheriff of Glamorganshire in 1868. As an archaeologist Clark achieved great renown and was recognized as the leading authority on mediaeval fortifications for half a century. He was also an authority on heraldry and genealogy. Clark married Ann Price, second daughter of Henry Lewis of Greenmeadow near Cardiff, on 3 April 1850. She died on 6 April 1885 leaving a son, Godfrey Lewis Clark and a daughter. John Marshall Biographical dictionary... and Chrimes in Chrimes.

Clark, Willianm Southern
Born in Wallsend, Northumberland in 1818; died  in Aberdare on 17 or 24 May 1864 (sources differ). Married Susan Haliburton in Brampton, Cumberland, in 1848. Was appointed chief mineral agent to the Marquis of Bute in 1845, and lived at Mardy House, Aberdare, from 1854 when the house was built. During his period as mineral agent to the Bute estate he participated in four activities, which made a strong contribution to Cardiff’s fortunes as a coal exporting port and its eventual emergence as the ‘coal metropolis of the world’. These were: his winning of the steam coals of the Rhondda valleys; the installation of coal staithes in the Bute docks, so speeding up the shipping of coal cargoes; defining the route of the Rhymney Railway, thus diverting much of the Rhymney valley’s mineral output from Newport to Cardiff and setting out the first plans for coal shipping from the River Ely. Key moments in all these activities occurred in 1854 and Clark’s diary for that year records his part in them and his interactions with other influential people in the industrial development of the port of Cardiff.

Cleaver, W.
Engineer in charge of outdoor machinery on Port Talbot Railway and Dock Co. Loco Mag., 1905, 11, 75.

Cleland, William E.
Born in Coatbridge in 1863; served his engineering apprenticeship with Murray and Patterson, of Coatbridge, and continued his education at South Kensington He then obtained an exhibition for three years at the University of Glasgow, where he studied under Sir William Thomson (Lord Kelvin) and obtained a Thomson Scholarship. From 1883 to 1886 he worked in the physical laboratory at the University of Glasgow and was then appointed demonstrator in the newly opened engineering laboratories of the Yorkshire College, Leeds.. In 1889 he was invited to take over the management of the Sheffield Testing Works, Ltd.; subsequently he became managing director. He was a member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, the Institute of Metals and the American Society for Testing Materials. He joined the Iron and Steel Institute in 1910. He died on 12 July 1933, in his seventy-first year Via Graces' Guide.

Clements, Thomas
In charge of locomotives on Rhymeny Railway between 1858 and 1862. RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10 .

Cockburn, Edward Colin
Died 13 March 1921, of pneumonia. He was the third son of Sir George L. Cockburn, of Leeds. He was born on 9 October 1889, and educated at Leeds Grammar School and Leeds University, taking a degree of Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering. From 1906 to 1913 he served his apprenticeship with the Hunslet Engine Co., subsequently being appointed Assistant Works Manager. In 1915 he went to Philadelphia inspecting the construction of locomotives at the Baldwin Locomotive Works for the Australian Government Rlys. In 1914 he joined the Army in the Infantry and received a Commission as Lieutenant in the Royal Engineers in March, 1915. In July, 1916, he was wounded. In the summer of that year he was appointed to the War Ofice with the Department of Inland Waterways and Docks. In June, 1917, he became a pilot in the Royal Flying Corps, being demobilised in March, 1919. In May, 1919, he was appointed Assistant Works hlanager to William Beardmore and Co. (Loco. Dept.), Dalmuir. ILocoE obit

Compton, Joseph Nield
Died at Firbeck on 24 September 1965 aged 64. Gave several ILocoE papers, mostly in India, Chairman of North Eastern Centre and contributor to discussions. Paper 326 The servicing of pooled locomotives, Bhusawal Division, Great Indian Peninsula Railway.  Paper 488 #Introduction and development of the pacific type locomotive for the broad gauge in India and Paper 525 The design and construction of steel fireboxes. Contrtibuted to discussion paper (at Doncaster) on railway electrification by Warder

Congleton, 6th Baron (John Brooke Molesworth Parnell)
Born 16 May 1892, died 21 December 1932. Educated RN College, Osborne and Dartmouth; BSc (McGill). Obituary Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1933, 39, 29: Lord Congleton was a director of G.D. Peters & Co. Ltd., the Consolidated Brake and Engineering Co. Ltd., the British Power Railway Signal Co. Ltd., and the British Air Brake Co. Ltd. He was a B.Sc. of McGill University, Montreal, and a Member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Lord Congleton was a vice-president of the Railway Students' Association.

Connor, James
Appointed locomotive superintendent of the Lancashire, Derbyshire & East Coast Railway on 11 September 1900, but resigned with effect from 31 December 1901. (see Backtrack, 2028, 32, 206). . May have been the James Conner who from 1885 was Resident Engineer, Locomotive Superintendent, and General Manager simultaneously of the Isle of Wight Railway. Note there is  also a James Connor who allegedly designed 4-8-0 type for Burton Extension Railway.

Cowan, Ronald
Died 3 July 1922. Trained Hyde Park Locomotive Works, Glasgow. Then employed by Caledonian Railway at St. Rollox; followed by return to Atlas Works where he became Foreman of the frame fitting and template department. From 1 January 1914 appointed Assistant Manager Queen's Park Locootive Works of North British Railway.

Crane, Maurice Arthur
London Director of the Hunslet Group of Companies: President of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers for the Session 1966-67. He servcd an apprenticeship with the Great Western Railway, at Swindon, and received his technical training at the Swindon Technical College. He obtained further experience in the Testing Department and Drawing Office at Swindon, before taking up an appointment in the Colonial Service. In 1928 he joined the Nigerian Railway as Draughtsman and Technical Instructor in charge of the Technical Training Institute. He subsequcntly held the positions of Chief Draughtsman, Research Officer, Works Superintendent, and District Running Superintendent with that railway system. He later became Senior Locomotive Superintendent of the former Gold Coast Railway, in which capacity he was responsible for the running department and the mechanical operation of Takoradi Harbour. In 1942 (Locomotive Mag., 1942, 48, 166), he joined Beyer Peacock & Co. Ltd., as Assistant to the Sales Director, and in the course of his duties, visited railways all over the world. He subsequently became London Manager for the Company, and finally, their Technical Sales Manager until relinquishing his appointment at the rnd of 1965. He was a Membcr of the Board of Beyer Peacock Gorton Limited, and was Chairman of several subsidiary Companies. Apart from his early travels, during which he explored the \Vest to East route across the Sahara by road, he has visited most countries in Europe anti also Africa, the Far East, Australasia and North and South America. He was not only responsible for Technical Sales, but also was closely connected with the production of films and books for his Company. including the production and editing of the L.M.A. Handbook. He was, for many years, a Member of the Publicity Committee of the Locomotive and Allied Manufacturers' Association, and is at present a Member of the Export Committee of the Association. Mr. Crane was a life member of the Swindon Engineering Society, and joined the Institution of Locomotive Engineers as an Associate Member in 1933 and transferred to Member in 1943. He was elected to thc Council in 1952 and Vice-President in 1960.

Possibly associated with Taite & Carlton

Crick, John
John Sagar. Just what the doctor ordered; experience with the Giesl Ejector on City of Wells. Rly Wld., 1992, 53 (629), 46-9.
Includes photograph taken on 14 September 1986 at Haworth of No. 34092 with John Click and Adolph Giesl-Gieslingen

Cropper, Russell
Cropper had experience of erecting for Beyer Peacock Garratts in Ecuador on the Guayaquil & Quito Railway where conditions were primitive and improvisation was necessary to maintain services, and of delivering the LMS Garratts with Carling: Rly Mag., 1982, 128, 478.

Or Crosby: locomotive draughtsman at North Britsh Locomotive Co.: see Langridge Under ten CMEs. Vol. 1 p. 106 where note states that he was in charge of Royal Scot boiler design and used Lord Nelson boiler drawings to assist!.

Crowe, Edward
Born 14 January 1829 in Boulogne. After studying in the engineering department of King’s College, London, was engaged under Sir William Cubitt upon the Great Northern Railway. In 1849 entered the works of R. and W. Hawthorn, Newcastle-on-Tyne, and in 1852 was engaged in the workshops of the Great Northern Railway at Boston, and afterwards in the drawing office of the Eastern Counties Railway at Stratford. During 1854 and 1855 he was in the works of Messrs. Fox, Henderson and Co. at Smethwick, and Messrs. Cochrane and Co. at Woodside. In 1856 he succeeded John Head as Engineer to the Warsaw Water Works, where he remained till 1862, and then returned to England. In 1864 he became the Engineer to the Tees Side Iron Works, Middlesbrough, of Hopkins, Gilkes and Co., with whom he remained until his death on 20 December 1873 after a short illness. Latterly he had been engaged-in striving to overcome the difficulties of mechanical puddling. He was also concerned in the establishment in 1870 of the Imperial Iron Works, Middlesbrough, of Jackson, Gill and Co., in which he became a partner. Obituary: Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs., 1874, 25, 16-17..

Curtis, Frank
Began his railway career at Doncaster Works in 1923. Seconded to Drawing Office in 1934 and in 1936 was transferred to the Carriage & Wagon Central Drawing Office. During WW2 he became Assistant to the Carriage & Wagon Works Manager at Gorton. In 1944 he was transferred to York Works as Assistant to the Works Manager: latterly as C. & W. Repairs. He died aged 45 on 25 December 1952. Obituary J. Instn Loco. Engrs, 1952, 42, 604.

Cuthbertson, James
ILocoE membership records stated c/o Robert Stephenson & Co.: possibly moved to Argentina

Surnames beginning "Da"

Dalton, Daniel
Patent GB 13,602/1851 Railroads. 26 April 1851\ (Woodcroft)

Dance, Sir Charles Webb
1787-1845. Military engineer. Promoter of steam carriages for roads. See J. Rly Canal Hist. Soc., 2010, 36, 88. and Forward Gurneys's railway locomotives. Trans Newcomen Soc, 1921, 2, 127
Patent: GB 6262/1832. Steam boilers. 8 April 1832
GB 6465/1833 Boilers and other apparatus for locomotive carriages. 20 August 1833

Daniels, Thomas
Born Stony Stratford on 8 August 1841. Apprenticed at Wolverton, In 1865 moved to the Worcester Engine Works and in 1871 to Sharp Stewart. In 1883 became Works Manager at Nsmyth Wilson. Died in Manchester on 6 March 1900. Obit. Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs., 1900, 58, 328 .

Dannatt, Henry
Pupil of Maunsell at Ashford Works between 1936 and 1938 see Chacksfield Richard Maunsell p. 119. Dannatt became Editor of the Railway Gazette and Railway Magazine in the 1960s. Contributed to discussion on many ILocoE papers: notably that by Hughes on gas turbine locomotive; on Cox paper on BR standard locomotives and one on technical journalism and the seminal Sykes paper on propelling trains.

Darley, George Harold
Died 19 January 1963 aged 61. Served apprenticeship at Doncaster from 1918 to 1922; appointed Running Foreman at New England during 1929 and subsequently filled such posts at Bradford and Hitchin on LNER. In 1936 he became Depot Superintendent and then Shed Master at Trafford Park, being transferred to a similar position at Lincoln in 1947, a position he held until being made Assistant District Motive Power Superintendent at that depot in 1948. He continued as Assistant District Motive Power Superintendent until the setting up of the Running & Maintenance Organisation in January 1961 when he was appointed Technical Assistant to the District Running & Maintenance Engineer. Obituary: J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1963, 53, 134..

David, John
Initial engineer in charge of locomotives on the Rhondda & Swansea Bay Railway. RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10 .

Davies, George
Probably associated with the Albion Foundry Tipton. Woodcroft patents
GB 12347/1848. Steam-engines. 2 December 1848.
GB 12880/1849. Engines worked by steam, air, water. an other fluids, and whether locomotive, marine or stationary; boilers; applicable to blowing air and pumping water. 10 December 1849

Davies, Isiah
Woodcroft patents
GB 10161/1844. Steam-engines; partly applicable to impelling carriages. 27 April 1844.
GB 12145/1848. Steam-engines and locomotive-carriages; in partly applicable to other motive machinery. 2 May 1848.

Davies, Jonah
Probably associated with the Albion Foundry Tipton. Woodcroft patents
GB 12347/1848. Steam-engines. 2 December 1848.
GB 12880/1849. Engines worked by steam, air, water. an other fluids, and whether locomotive, marine or stationary; boilers; applicable to blowing air and pumping water. 10 December 1849

Davis, F.J.
Died on 31 December 1933 in his 72nd year; was a partner in the engineering firm of Taite & Carlton, Iddesleigh House, 'Westminster. Davis was well known to many railway men as his firm introduced pneumatic tools, the Holden system of oil fuel burning, the Worsdell von Borries compound locomotive, the Whitaker water indicator, etc. Locomotive Mag., 1934, 40, 17

Dawson, John Somers
Patents (via Woodcroft)
GB 11318/1846 Railway-carriages; machinery for working railways;- partly applicable to other carriages and to the bearings of other machinery. 30 July 1846

Day, John
Ahrons British steam railway locomotive (pp. 62-3) citing Zerah Colburn states that the Day wheel patented in 1835 eventually became the standard wheel from about 1847 and were made by John Dewrance for the Liverpool & Manchester Railway. See also John Nuttall's sketch book
Patents (via Woodcroft)
GB 6750/1835 Construction of railways. 22 January 1835.
GB 6880/1835 Wheel for carriages. 14 August 1835

Dearberg, Henry Woodgate
Very early and long lasting member of ILocoE. Presented at several early papers including Papers No. 2 locomotive fireboxes. ,  No. 21 (The standardisation of large passenger locomotives). No. 43 (on the Garratt locomotive) (Ottley 3008) and No. 47 industrial locomotives (reflecting his experience at Beckton). His Paper No. 21 was the subject of a long report in The Times newspaper on 26 November 1913 (noted the limitations of British loading gauge and recommended 4-6-0.

De Charlieu, André Drouet
Patent (via Woodcroft)
GB 10115/1844. Rails for railways, and wheels for locomotive carriages. 20 March 1844.

Delcroix, Florimond, junior
Patent (via Woodcroft)
GB 9817/1843 Furnaces for locomotive and other engines; appartus for regulating the escape of steam and passage of air, in chimneys of furnaces.6 July 1843

Dempsey, George Drysdale
Born in London on 30 April 1815. Educated privately and at the London Mechaznics' Institute. Mike Chrimes  states that "George became a prolific technical author on engineering and construction. They reveal him as widely read, acquainted with developments in patents, and probably personally acquainted with the work of Robert Stephenson and Fox, Henderson & Co. In 1857 George went to India on the Great Indian Peninsular Railway, where he was initially an engineer, 2nd class, then architect, presumably having more experience in that area than his engineering colleagues. He was Vice-president of the Bombay Mechanics Institute, to which many colleagues belonged. He died of dysentery on 14 November 1859 in Bombay. He is remembered today for his books". See also brother William
1850. Rudimentary treatise on the locomotive engine... with large additions treating of the modern locomotive by D.K. Clark London: Crosby Lockwood, 1879.(rev edn)
Reviewed by Phil Atkins in Backtrack, 2016, 30, 254 and by Kevin Jones in J. Rly Canal Hist. Soc.
1850. Rudimentary treatise on tubular and other iron bridges
1855. The Practical railway engineer (4th edn)
1872. Examples of iron bridges for railways etc.

Detmold, Julian Adolph
Patent (via Woodcroft)
GB 10775/1845. Applying steam as a motive power. 21 July 1845.

Deville, Jerome
Patent (via Woodcroft)
GB 7563/1838. Railroads; and carriages used thereon 8 February 1838.
GB 7852/1838. Railroads; and carriages used thereon 3 November 1838.

Devlin, Stanley Reid
Chief draughtsman Clayton Wagon Co. and designer of Clayton steam railcars.  Author of ILocoE Paper 245 After Clayton Wagon went into liquidation Devlin Founded Clayton Equipment Co. of Record Works, Hatton, Derby. It supplied structural steel, farm equipment, conveyors and mining equipment. It appears to be still in existence supplying rubber-tyred locomotives for underground mining. Devlin retired in 1965

Dick, Alexander
Joint proprietor of Dick & Stevenson, Airdrie Engine Works. Lowe.

Dick, John
Joint proprietor of Dick & Stevenson, Airdrie Engine Works. Lowe.

Dickinson, Richard Henry
Born in 1855; died in Birmingham on 3 August 1943. Apprentice at the locomotive works of the Manchester, Sheffield & Lincolnshire Railway from 1870 to 1875, an then at Hamer and Giles at Northwich. He then joined Beyer Peacock & Co. as a chargeman in the erecting shop, but after eighteen months returned to the MSLR and paced in charge of the running sheds at Cornbrook. In 1884 he became locomotive engineer to the Birmingham Central Tramways Company. He was latterly the Chief Engineer of the City until retirement in 1927. IMechE obituary.

Dobbie, Alexander
Glasgow instrument maker who died on 19 February 1887: noted for chronometers. Firmj suffered through explosion in neighbouring premises and from looting in riots, but firm taken over by son John C. Dobbie and eventually took over T.S. McInnes. Firm noted for McInnes-Dobbie indicator presumably developed for marine engines, but adapted for locomotives. see Locomotive Mag., 1902, 7, 82 and Graces Guide.

Dobbie, David
Assistant Works Superintendent Glasgow St. Rollox to be District Locomotive Superintendent at Polmadie: succeeded in latter in 1943 (Locomotive Mag., 1943, 49, 170). Presented Paper No, 157 at ILocoE in 1924

Dobbs, H.T.
Formerly Assistant Locomotive Superintendent Barry Railway appointed Locomotive Superintendent Londonderry & Lough Swilly Railway in late 1905. See Locomotive Mag. 1905, 11, 204.

Dodman, Alfred
Born in Tichwell in 1832 son of a corn merchant. Apprenticed to Clayton & Shuttleworth of Lincoln. Established an engine works in King's Lynn. He built up a thriving business Alfred Dodman & Co. Ltd., which survived beyond his death on 13 December 1908 at Swaffham. Built a solitary small 2-2-2. R.H. Clark Steam engine builders of Norfolk...

Doherty, John Michael
Became graduate member of ILocoE in 1928 when employed by LNER at Doncaster. Proposed six-cylinder tandem compound 4-8-0 in Locomotive Mag., 1945, 51, 166-8. Diesel locomotives for light railways. Locomotive Mag., 1952, 58. 141: Double bogie design with R. Hornsby & Sons engine. Contributor to Ransome Wallis Concise encyclopedia of world railway locomotives.

Donisthorpe, George Edmund
Born in 1809: died 18 January 1875. a worsted manufacturer, wool merchant, and later colliery proprietor, who in the 1840s had invented a wool combing machine, and his wife, Elizabeth Wordsworth (1821–1881). Father of Wordsworth Donisthorpe inventor of form of cinematography. Woodcroft lists two patents (by father) of relevance to railways. Other material ODNB.
GB 12849/1849. Apparatus for stopping steam-engines and other first movers. 17 November 1849
GB 12877/1849. Wheels of locomotive carriages. 3 December 1849.

Dove, Henry
Died in Maida Vale, London, on Sunday, 24 June 1917 aged 93. Began his working life as office boy to Robert Stephenson. while the London and Birmingham Ry, was under construction. In 1843 he was sent to France to assist in running locomotives on the Paris & Rouen Ry.See Locomotive Mag., 1917, 23, 150.

Dow, J.W.
Appointed locomotive superintendent of the Lancashire, Derbyshire & East Coast Railway (see Backtrack, 2028, 32, 206). on 1 January 1902 until 31 July 1902, during which time the job was downgraded to Locomotive Inspector: replaced by Thom. Manager Carriage & Wagon Works, North Estern Railway York. Expertise in lubrication see ILocoE Paper 84

Driscoll, Terence George Minahan
Caprotti Valve Gears Ltd. Became member of ILocoE in 1935

Dunbar, James
Ex Works Manager at Oswestry: Locomotive Superintendent of Brecon & Merthyr Railway from 1909 until 26 February 1922 when he died. D.S. Barrie The Brecon & Merthyr Railway.  See also Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1931, 37, 55. and RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10

Durnford, Ernest Robert
Possibly born West Ashford in 1885 and died Derby in 1968. Chairman Midland Centre of Institution of Locomotive Engineers at Derby. Probably trained in Glasgow as refers to practical experience at Eastfield: see response to Carling paper 1950, 40, 572. and in response to Paper No. 489 on 1949, 39, page 572. Durnford was recruited by Stanier as he had lost his job (and his pension) in the Argentine. Stanier had taken compassion on him "for reasons we did not know but could guess". Langridge p. 127..

Durnford, Thomas Joy
Born Ashford, Kent, in 1879; died Buenos Ayres on 21 January 1949 just after his 70th birthday. He received his early education at St. Augustine's College, Ashford and the Grammar School, Ashford. His engineering experience was gained at the Ashford works of' the South Eastern Railway from 1885 to 1890. At the same time he attended the Railway Institute at Ashford. To gain further experience he spent two years as a draughtsrnan with the Hyde Park Locomotive Works, Glasgow, six months with R. Stephenson and Co., Darlington, nine months at the Atlas Works, Glasgow, and two years with the Midland Railway Co. at Derby. He returned to Glasgow in February 1906 to take up the appointment of leading draughtsman with the North British Locomotive Co., but decided a year later to emigrate to South America where he was employed as assistant chief draughtsman with the Buenos Ayres Great Southern Railway in Buenos Ayres. In 1911 he became chief draughtsman and in 1916 was appointed works manager. Later he became works general manager at Remidios de Escalada, which appointment he held until his retirement in 1946. For some time previous to his retirement he also acted as technical adviser to the director of development. Of a kindly and genial nature, he had a profound knowledge of locomotive engineering and was held in high esteem by a large circle of engineers in South America. Obituary J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1949, 39, 112.

Dyson, R.A.
Succeeded Ackroyd as Managing Director of Yorkshire Engine Co. (Locomotive Mag., 1948, 54, 54). Shares initials with an old Liverpool manufacturer of trailers (Graces Guide). Dyson attended ILocoE Annual Lunch on 8 March 1951 at the Dorchester Hotel

Edleston, Arthur Hamilton
Became Member Institution of Locomotive Engineers in 1938 as a locomotive draughtsman, LMS. Contributor to discussion on J. Instn Loco. Engrs, Paper 447 where he asked about axleboxes for Q1 and mentioned that he had seen Turbomotive's roller bearing axleboxes in Crewe Works. See also letter from John Bolton in Modellers Backtrack, 1993/4, 3, 278 who sketched out a non-streamlined Duchess and called it Lady Godiva..

Edwards, Henry Charles Lewis
Killed by enemy action in London aged 36. Edwards entered the service of the GNR in November, 1920, at Doncaster, where he was a premium apprentice and pupil in the locomotive works. In July 1925, he was appointed Running Shed Foreman at Gateshead and later filled a similar position at Darlington, being transferred to King’s Cross as a Carriage and Wagon Assistant in May 1927. Returning north in 1928 he became Assistant in the York Carriage and Wagon Works. In March, 1932, he was posted to London again as Assistant Manager at the Stratford Carriage and Wagon Works, where he remained until January, 1937, when he returned to Doncaster as Assistant to the Locomotive Works Manager for a few months. In August, 1937, he was appointed Manager of the Carriage and Wagon Works, Stratford, which position he held at the time of his death. I Loco E obituary..

Edwards, Herbert Newton Southley
Born in 1894 into a railway family, both his father and grandfather having been officers of the former Taff Vale Railway. Died 17 March 1953. Joined Taff Vale Railway as an apprentice in the locomotive department in 1910, but this was interrupted during WW1 when he served in the Royal Engineers (T.A.). On return to railway service he held several appointments and at the time of the amalgamation of 1923 he was inspector at Barry. In 1924 he went to the Cardiff Valley division in the same grade and later that year to a similar position at Newport. In 1929 he was appointed assistant to the divisional locomotive carriage and wagon superintendent at Newport and in 1933 to a similar position at Bristol. In July 1941 he transferred to Swindon as assistant to the running superintendent and outdoor assistant to the CME. Early in 1942 he was appointed divisional locomotive carriage and wagon superintendent, Cardiff Valleys, and in 1945 to a similar post at Bristol. This was redesignated district motive power superintendent in 1949 and was the appointment he held at the time of death. He had been a Member of Institution of Locomotive Engineers since 1947. Obituary; J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1953, 43, 336.

Edwards, William Sydney
Born in 1882; died 1976 (Locomotive Mag., 1947, 53, 13)., He was elected a Member Instn Loco. Engrs in 1916 and served on the Council from 1926 to 1946, being a Vice-President since 1946. He was educated at Hanley High School and served his engineering apprenticeship with Kerr Stuart under the Hartley, a celebrated North Staffordshire engineer. In 1902 he joined Bagnall & Co. (Stafford) as a leading draughtsman. In 1910 he became chief draughtsman and works manager and five years later was made general manager. In 1932 he was made managing director (see Loco. Mag., 1933, 39, 195) and remained in that capacity until his death on 28 December 1946. He was also joint managing director of Cowlishaw, Walker and Co., Ltd., Railway Engineering Works, Beddulph, Stoke-on-Trent. He was a prominent figure in engineering circles in Staffordshire; a Member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers since 1916. From 1938 he had been President of the North Staffordshire Engineering Employers’ Association, a Vice-president of the Birmingham, Wolverhampton and Staffordshire District Engineering and Allied Employers’ Association, a member of the Midland Regional Committee and member of Council of the E. & A.E.’s National Federation. He was also a member of the General Council of the Staffordshire Chamber of Commerce and chairman of the Stafford County and District Building Society, and a member of the Locomotive Manufacturers’ Association from its inception. Apprentice training see ILocoE Paper 144. Porttrait: Group photograph at Swiss Locomotive Works, Winterthur on 2 June 1930. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1930, 20, Plate (between pp 466-7). Also present in group photograph taken at Railway Centenary in Darlington: J. Instn Loco, Engrs, 1925, 15, 576

Ellis, G.F.
In  charge of locomotive stock of Mid Wales Railway at Builth: see Locomotive Mag., 1914, 20, 85

Ellis, John James
Died at Portslade, near Brighton, on the 21 September 1929. He commenced his mechanical training at Brighton Works of the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway, in 1900 as an articled apprentice to R.J. Billington, and passed through all the shops. After completing his apprenticeship, he was responsible for the marking off of new engine frames. In August, 1917, he was promoted to Erecting Shop Foreman. Following the formation of the Southern Railway in April 1924, he was further promoted to the position of Assistant Works Manager, and on 1 August, 1928, received the appointment of Works Manager in succession to E. Turbett upon his transfer to Eastleigh Works . Ellis was a foundation member of the Institution. of Locomotive Engineers: his connection dating from February, 1911. For two years he had been President of the Sussex County Amateur Athletic Association, and was also a prominent Freemason

Ellison, John Harold
Born Manchester in 1922. He received his early education at Chorlton High School, where he gained his School Certificate, and then, at the age of 17, commenced his engineering apprenticeship at the Crewe Works of the LMS. During this period he attended the Crewe Technical College and obtained the Ordinary National Certificate. This was followed up by the Higher National Certificate, which he passed at the Manchester College of Technology. On completion of his apprenticeship he spent four months in the drawing office at Crewe prior to volunteering for National Service, which took place in June 1944. After twelve months’ training at the R.E. Railway Depot at Longmoor he was granted a Commission at Newark and was sent to India as a lieutenant (locomotive officer) and posted to a Workshop Coy. in July 1945. It was here that he died of enteric fever on 5 May 1947 at the age of 24 years. He served in Rangoon and other places in Burma and, for a time in Siarn, being sent on to Jullundur in the Punjab early 1957. He was a Graduate of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers and a student of the Institution of Civil Engineers.

Elsdon, John Joseph
Patent GB 16539/1912 Improvements in means for lubricating the bearings of railway vehicles and the like with William Alexander Galle Applied 15 January 1913. Published  15 January 1914

Emerson, W.A.I.
Former assistant to Sinclair, District Locomotive Superintendent at Peterborough, GNR: promoted to DLS Grantham in 1913 (Loco. Mag., 1913, 19, 203): still in post in 1923 (Dawn Smith)

Emley, H.B.
Appointed assistant manager locomotive shops, Gateshead by LNER: Locomotive Mag., 1923, 29, 220. Probably served with Durham Light Industry in WW1. Colonial Office records show had moved to Kenya Railways by 1925.

Eraut, Walter
Retired from Crown Agents for the Colonies in 1935: see Locomotive Mag., 1935, 41, 86

Evans, Daniel
Patent 1752/1857 (23 June 1857) Improvementsb in steam boilers, locomotives and to other furnaces: the water heater formed part of the grate See Locomotive Mag., 1936, 42, 366

Evans, H.F.
In group photograph (LMS Inspector) at handing over of first three Class 5 to LMS at Scotswood  in April 1935. Locomotive Mag., 1935, 41, 151.

Evetts, W.
Appointed district loco. superintendent of the Ceylon Government Rys. at Colombo. Evetts formerly represented Schmidt's Superheating Co. in India and Ceylon, and previously was chief draughtsman on the Nigerian Rys. He was also on the C.S.A. Rys. in South Africa, and served his apprenticeship at Crewe, L. & N.W., and was pupil to J.A.F. Aspmall on the L. & Y. Ry. Locomotive Mag., 1915, 21, 22

Ewing, Sir (James) Alfred
Born Dundee on 27 March 1855, died 7 January 1935. Eminent engineer, scientist and cryptographer, Chairman of Committee on Locomotive Testing Station (not listed in main biographical sources, but in Bond's Lifetime with locomotives and in Locomotive Mag,, 1931, 37, 125). Remainder from Who Was Who and ODNB (E.I. Carlyle rev. W.H. Brock). Educated High School, Dundee and University of Edinburgh. Engaged in engineering work until 1878; was Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the Imperial University, Tokyo, Japan, 1878–83; Professor of Engineering at University College Dundee, 1883–90; Professor of Mechanism and Applied Mechanics in the University of Cambridge 1890–1903; Director of Naval Education, 1903–16; Principal and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Edinburgh, 1916–29; President of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 1924–29; Member of Vibration Committee (chaired Lord Rayleigh: see Hennessey, Backtrack, 2013, 27, 394); Member of Explosives Committee, 1903–06; Member of Ordnance Research Board, 1906–08; awarded Royal Medal for researches in Magnetism, 1895; Albert Medal, 1929; Freedom of the City of Edinburgh, was in charge of Department of the Admiralty dealing with enemy cipher, 1914–17; Chairman of Bridge Stress Committee, 1924–28; of Committee on Mechanical Testing of Timber, 1929–34. Publications (relating in any way to railways) The Steam Engine and other Heat Engines, 1894 (4th ed., 1926); The Strength of Materials, 1899. C.R. Calladine very full biography in BDCE3 but fails to note Locomotive Testing Station, but does note his involvement with the Department of Scientific & Industrial Research and his study of vibration in the new Tay Bridge caused by the passsage of trains and work on seismology in Japan.

Eyles, Sir George Lancelot
Born 15 February 1849; died 12 March 1919 Lieutenant-Colonel Engineers and Railway Staff Corps; Consulting Engineer for railways to the Crown Agents for the Colonies for Government railways in Ceylon, the Federated Malay States, Straits Settlements, Trinidad, Nyasaland, etc, and for other railways overseas. Worked with Gregory and Waring. Mike Chrimes in BDCE3.

Surnames beginning letter "F"

Farquharson, James R.
Born 1 November 1903 at Cortachy, Angus and.died 17 February. 2005. Educated Royal Technical College, Glasgow and Glasgow University. Assistant Engineer: LMS Railway, 1923–25; Kenya and Uganda Railway, 1925–33; Senior Assistant Engineer, Kenya and Uganda Railway, 1933–37; Tanganyika Railways: Assistant to General. Manager, 1937–41; Chief Engineer, 1941–45; General. Manager, 1945–48; Deputy General Manager, East African Railways, 1948–52; General Manager: Sudan Railways, 1952–57; East African Railways and Harbours, 1957–61; Assistant Crown Agent and Engineer-in-Chief of Crown Agents for Overseas Governments and Administrations, 1961–65. Fellow, Scottish Council for Development and Industry, Sir James Farquharson, K.B.E., was Engineer-in-Chief, Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations. It was undoubtedly a reflection of the great esteem in which he was held throughout Africa that he was invited by the Chairman of the Nigerian Railways Corporation to the First African Railway Congress in Lagos to address delegates from fifteen African nations. KBE 1960.
Paper: The future of railways in Tropical Africa [Sir Seymour Biscoe Tritton Lecture]. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1963, 52, 14-32,.

Farr, Lionel
Former assistant works manager Darlington to be works manager. Locomotive Mag, 1933, 39, 1.  moved to Cowlairs in 1936 (Locomotive Mag., 1936, 42, 137); then former Works Manager Cowlairs to similar post at Inverurie (Locomotive Mag., 1938, 44, 187). When elected to ILocoE in 1919 he was a draughtsman at Doncaster Works.

Fanghaenel, W.P.F.
Trained on Midland Railway at Kentish Town: contributed to Dewhurst IMechE Paper of 1922

Fawcett, C.
Represented Beardmore at Inaugural Meeting of I. Loco. E. Scottish Centre

Fenn, A.G.
Joined the Colne Valley & Halstead Railway in 1868 having come from Stratford Works under Sinclair. He was in charge of the locomotives, permanent way and traffic, but left in 1881 to join the Heberlein Brake Co. to promoate the uptake of the brake mainly in South America. He returned to the CVR in 1903. Locomotive Mag., 1911, 17, 220 and died in April 1913 Locomotive Mag., 1913, 19, 98

Ferguson, James Alexander
Born 5 May 1899; educated at Royal Technical College, Glasgow, from 1915 to 1920 and trained in the Cowlairs Works of the North British Railway. He remained at Cowlairs until 1927 when he received an appointment by the Secretary of State for India and Burma and subsequently servcd on Burma Railways in the following capacities: Assistant Mechanical Engineer for two years, Works Manager for eight years, Deputy C.M.E. for one year and Power Superintendent for three years. During WW2 he served in H.M. Forces rising to Major, Workshops Company, Staff Transportation Headquarters. He joined Sir Bruce White Wolfe Barry and Partners in 1946 as Mechanical Engineer and was responsible for laying out factories, preparing specifications and supervising the drawing office. He was elected as an Associate Member in 1920 and was transferred to Member in 1950. His death occurred on 25 October 1953. J. Instn Loco Engrs., 1953, 43, 496.

Fisher, George
Mechanical Inspector at Derby. Worked with John Powell. Helped to solve draughting problems on Ivatt Class 2 and Class 4 2-6-0s. Also took an interest in Reidinger rotary cam valve gear and Caprotti-fitted class 5 locomotives.

Forge, Eric L.
Author of at least one Railway World article on Eastleigh locomotive design and records talking with Maunsell about exhaust into chimney. see Rly Wld, 1983, 44, 342.

Forrest, William John
Born Annan, Dumfriesshire, on 18 July 1828. Served apprenticeship with Messrs. McCallum and Dundas, civil engineers of Edinburgh, by whom he was employed on the survey of the Ayrshire and Galloway Railway and on the construction of the Edinburgh branch of the Caledonian Railway. In January 1852 he went to Canada, where he was appointed one of the assistant engineers of the Great Western Railway of Canada, then iu course of construction. In 1853 he was appointed chief assistant to James C. Street, who superintended the construction of the Hamilton and Toronto Railway. On the completion of this railway in 1856, for which Mr. Forrest had prepared all the working plans, he was employed for upwards of two years as chief assistant on the surveys and plans of the projected Niagara and Detroit Rivers Railway, of which Street was Chief Engineer. Towards the end of 1859 he returned to England, and in 1863 became chief assistant to Messrs. Street and Marmont in London, with whom he continued until the death of Street in April 1867. He then established himself in practice on his own account until the summer of 1869, when he returned to Canada, and was engaged as chief assistant to Sandford Fleming, the Engineer-in-Chief of the Intercolonial Railway, his principal duties being to superintend under Fleming the designs and working plans of the stone and iron structures for that railway: a situation held until his death on 9 September 1873. Obituary: Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs., 1874, 25, 19..

Forward, Ernest Alfred
Born on 5 September 1877. Died 14 October 1959. On the staff of the Science Museum from 1901. Keeper of rhe Engineering Division, Science Museum: retirement on 5 September 1937. Educated at East London Technical College and Royal Scoolege of Science. Trained at Bow Works of North London Railway. Joined Museum in 1901. Author of Science Museum handbooks:
Handbook of the collections illustrating land transport. [Part] 3. Railway locomotives and rolling stock, by E.A. Forward. Part I. A historical review. London, H.M.S.O., 1931. 100 p. + front. + 24 plates. 48 illus.
9 pp. describe the 1920-1930 period.
Handbook of the collections illustrating land transport. [Part] 3. Railway locomotives and rolling stock, by E.A. Forward. Part 2. Descriptive catalogue. London, H.M.S.O., 1931. 119 p. + 12 plates. 24 illus.
Major contributor, both as author and contributor to discussion, to the Transactions of the Newcomen Society: his name is difficult to trace in the crude search engine offered by the Society: the one in Steamindex is superior.
Rutherford: stated that Forward's work shhiould br better known (Backtrack, 1995, 9, 528).

Fothergill, Benjamin  
Born c1803 in Newcastle upon Tyne. In 1824 he arrived in Manchester seeking employment and found a job at Marsden, Walker and Co in Salford, machine makers, but in 1825 he took job of turner at Sharp, Roberts and Co. and possibly enrolled at the Manchester Mechanics Institution. In 1843 by the dissolution of the partnership, Fothergill had become foreman.  In 1845 he left to join Richard Roberts who offered a partnership in the Globe Works of Roberts and Dobinson. He was a Founding member of the I Mech E - number 13. In c1850 Fothergill retired and the firm became Roberts and Dobinson. In 1853 Appointed to be Superintendent of Machinery at Sydenham Crystal Palace.  He was Curator of the Patent Museum. In 1856 Vice President of the I Mech E. Grace's Guide. IMechE paper; discussion on coal burning on locomotives. Trans Newcomen Soc., 1979, 50, 139: "[Fothergill] had made a drawing from the dimensions given in the specification and was cross-examined on this by Hindmarch. He was also questioned about Richard Roberts' piston valves used on the L. & M. locomotive Experiment. This. he explained. had provision for expansive working but by the use of a separate cut-off valve. The Experiment.and some similar locomotives for the Dublin & Kingstown Railway were 2-2-0s and had inside bearings on the driving wheels and outside bearings for the leading wheels. but all these locomotives had vertical cylinders operating through bell-crank levers.

Fouracres, Charles Lloyd Stephenson
Died suddenly on 6 June, 1929, at Düsseldorf, Germny, where he was buried; born 20 June, 1864, and was educated at private schools in Dumfries and St. Andrews, antl aftemzards at The University School, Hastings, Sussex. His engineering training was obtained at thc Government Engineering College, Calcutta, and the workshops of the East Indian Railway, where he passed through the shops and drawing office, and obtained running experience. Subsequently he became a foreman of the running shed, and held a similar post in carriage and wagon building, and the smithy. In 1889 he was appointed Assistant Locomotive Carriage and Wagon Superintendent on the Eastern Bengal State Railway. He also officiated as a Divisional Locomotive Carriage and Wagon Superintendent on the Eastern Bengal and afterwards, about 1898, the Burma State Railways. In addition, he had charge of river ferries, shipways and river transport. He came home. on one year’s leave in 1916, and retired on the termination of his leave in 1917. He then took up war work under the Ministry of Munitions, and was in charge of testing and construction of heavy guns and general artillery equipment in the Manchester District. Subsequently he became an inspecting engineer with Rendel, Palmer & Tritton, Westminster, and was posted to the Glasgow District in September 1923, for testing and inspecting of material in rolling stock, bridge work, marine boilers, electric cranes, etc ILocoE obituary

Fowler, Henry
Son of Sir Henry  born in 1892 (and also worked for LMS). Educated at Oundle; enlisted when aged seventeen and commissioned in Royal Engineers. Severely affected by shell shock in France during WW1. Father arranged quiet work for him on the Midland Railway and recovered sufficiently to marry and produce granddaughter Jenifer for Sir Henry in 1929 (Chacksfield).: Assistant to R.C. Bond when he was Divisional Mechanical Engineer in Scotland at the outbreak of WW2 (Bond Lifetime)
Contributions to ILocoE discussions
Cox Paper 447 Locomotive axleboxes: Volume 34 discussion asked whether Cox had found that there is any great difference between the number of cases of hot boxes on engines turned off C:\Users\Kevin Jones\Documents\jile\jile36.htm#pap458Running Sheds compared with those coming out of the Main Works.
Bond Paper 458: turbine locomotive. noted th reduction in hammer blow and thus reduced track maintenance costs and the possible reduction of wear on firebox plates due to the constant blast.
Spencer Paper 465
: noted the rempval of the steel firebox from the Gresley V4 class and was informed that this was due to problems with the side stays and WW2 difficulties.
Fowler chaired the Manchester meeting on Paper 467 which was a report on the ransacking of the German locomotive works in case they housed some technological gems concerning railway traction.

Fowler, John
John Fowler was born at Melksham in Wiltshire on 11 July 1826 and died following a hunting accident on 4 December 1864. He was born into a wealthy Quaker family and after initially following his father’s wishes in becoming a corn merchant he soon decided to go his own way and become an engineer. Fowler joined railway manufacturers Gilkes Wilson & Co of Middlesbrough, a firm that produced 351 locomotives between 1847 and 1875, including over 100 for the Stockton & Darlington Railway.
On a visit to Ireland in 1849 John Fowler witnessed the aftermath of the potato famine. In his capacity as an engineer with a background in agriculture it was hoped that Fowler might find engineering solutions to farming problems. On his return to England he left Gilkes Wilson & Co and began working on machines for improving drainage, thus allowing wasted bog land to be cultivated. A year later his machine was demonstrated to the Royal Agricultural Society. It worked using horses for power and geared capstans which allowed more substantial channels to be dug. The early experiments did not run smoothly and Fowler decided eventually that a steam engine was needed to work the machinery. It was soon realised that there were many other applications for a steam engine in farming, particularly in the work of ploughing so a number of ways of putting steam engines to use for these purposes were devised. Some firms tried hauling ploughing equipment across the field directly at the back of the engine, though generally the weight of the engine would cause it to get bogged down and it would not produce good results. Several experiments were carried out using a steam engine with an attached winding drum that could haul a plough back and forth across the field. A number of arrangements were devised using an engine moving along the headland at one side of the field and a rope anchor set up at other side of the field to keep the plough in a straight line. In the end the most efficient method was found to be to use ploughing engines at both sides of the field, hauling the plough back and forth between each other. The ideal method of working often varied according to the conditions of the field to be worked. Fowler developed a range of equipment that could be used in whatever manner was most appropriate.
Much of the early equipment was made in Bristol in partnership with fellow Quaker Albert Fry of the famous chocolate making family (Fry’s incidentally had been using a Watt engine to grind cocoa at their works as far back as 1795) though this partnership only lasted until 1855. The Fowler-Fry works continued as the Bristol Carriage & Wagon Works until it was taken over by Leeds Forge in 1920. The factory was sold to Bristol Tramways and Carriage Co, a forerunner of Bristol Commercial Vehicles. After several attempts in competitions, Fowler eventually won the Royal Agricultural Society’s £500 prize in 1858 with an engine made for him by Robert Stephenson & Co. This led to many orders for his machinery, built for him then by various firms until in 1860 Kitson & Hewitson took on all the orders. With business booming it was soon decided that Fowler needed a works of his own and in partnership with Hewitson as Hewitson & Fowler the Steam Plough Works was established on land adjacent to Kitson’s works in Hunslet, Leeds. Off Internet especially Frank Jux Fowler's century of locomotive building. Ind. Rly. Rec., 1970 (29) 208-13..

Fox, John
Born January 1902; died 19 October 1959. Educated at Marlborough College and Birmingham University. Short period with Baldwin Locomotive Works in USA. Pupilage from 1922 with Belliss & Morcom Ltd. Between 1925 and 1927 Engineer-in-Charge Fox Brothers & Co. and William Bliss & Son. In 1928 became Engineer to Clause & Co. of Newton Abbot and between 1930 and 1939 became a director of various firms manufacturing heavy clay and refractory products. In WW2 he served on the staff of the Inspector General of Armaments, Woolwich. Following the War he became a consultant and was London representative of Belliss & Morcom Ltd from 1957 to 1959. He was elected an Associate of the ILocoE in 1937. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1959, 49, 661

Foxlee, Richard William
Born 29 May 1885; son of William T. Foxlee, Civil Engineer; died 27 November 1961. Educated Westminster School. Engineering Pupllage under Alexander Ross. Worked in the Engineering Department, Great Northern Railway, 1906–09; Great Central Railway, 1909–15; Port of London Authority, 1915–21; Deputy Head, Engineering Designs Dept, Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations, 1921; Deputy Chief Engineer (Civil), 1928; Chief Civil Engineer, 1945–49; Engineer-in-Chief, Crown Agents. Engineering Adviser to Secretary of State for Colonies, 1949–54. Consulting Engineer (on own account); also Consultant to Coode and Partners, Consulting Engineers. Publication: Hammer blow impact on the main girders of railway bridges. Proc. Instn Civ.Engrs, 1934 Paper 4896) for which the Trevithic Premium was awarded. Who Was Who. News item: Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1950, 56, 68.

Frame, James
Retired from position of assistant chief draughtsman of the North British Locomotive Co. Ltd. After serving his apprenticeship with Dubs & Co. Frame entered the drawing office of Beyer, Peacock and Co. under the Lange. He then took charge of Dick. Kerr & Co.'s works at Kilmarnock, and then joined the staff of Dubs & Co. until their amalgamation with the North British Locomotive Co. Ltd.  Frame has a record of fiftv-nine vears service. for thirty-four of which he has been with the North British Locomotive Co. Ltd. and their predecessors. Locomotive Mag., 1931, 37, 252.

Fraser, Donald
Crewe trained: (1895-7) see Reed. Fraser, was for 5 years locomotive superintendent of the Taokou-Chinghua lines of the Chinese Government Railways, and then selected by the Director General of Railways for the position of locomotive, carriage and wagon superintendent of the Canton-Hankow line of the Chinese Government Railways. Fraser was a pupil of F.W. Webb, and went out to China superintending the erection of the first locomotives built in China. Locomotive Superintendent Chinese Government Rys (Canton-Hankow section); (Locomotive Mag., 1914, 20, 133) (Locomotive Mag, 1912, 18, 179) where he introduced the Atlantic type.

Fraser, James
Born on 20 August 1861, educated Sydney Grammar School, died 28 July 1936. Chied Commissioner of Railways and Tramways in New South Wales from 1917 to 1929 when he retired. Who Was Who.

Fulcher, George Chambers
Born in London on 17 March 1868: died London 29 December 1900. Educated at the Grocers’ Company’s School, Hackney Downs. From 1884 to 1889 he served his time in the locomotive shops of the Midland Railway, Kentish Town, and attended technical classes during the evenings. In 1889 he was employed as draughtsman at the Nine Elms works of the London and South Western Railway; and in 1891 was engaged by E.T. Zohrab, late chief engineer of Sykes’ Block System, in the design and erection of signalling apparatus. From 1894 to 1898 he was with Rosser and Russell, London, designing steam boilers and heating and ventilating apparatus. He then entered the technical department of Babcock and Wilcox, London, as draughtsman, and held this position until July 1899, when he entered the Engineer-in-Chief’s Department of the General Post Office as draughtsman. This position he retained until his death. I Mech E Obituary

Fulllagar, Leo Arthur
Died 1964. Educated at Framlingham. Early member of ILocoE. Presented paper (No. 34) highly critical of LNWR footplate conditions and severely critical of GWR lack of two water gauge glasses. One on Locomotive cab arrangements followed in 1916, 6, 327-32 (Paper 46). With Merz & McLellan and was Director of the Scottish Engineering Employers' Association

Surnames beginning letter "Ga"

Galle, William Alexander
Patent GB 16539/1912 Improvements in means for lubricating the bearings of railway vehicles and the like with John Joseph Elsdon Applied 15 January 1913. Published  15 January 1914

Galt, John MacFarlane
Died suddenly at Darlington on 21 July 1927 after a short illness. Galt was a practical engineer of the old school, and that a hard one, He was the son of a master craftsman, long in the service of Neilson and Co., at Hyde Park Locomotive Works, Glasgow, and he had such general and technical education as was then available to an engineer's apprentice. He made the most of such opportunities, becoming himself a master of his art. Rising at an early age to be one of his firm's leading draughtsmen, he afterwards left Glasgow in 1899 for Stoke-on-Trent, where he left his mark on a firm aspiring to first class locomotive building. Two or three years later Galt was appointed chief draughtsman at Robert Stephenson and Co.'s new works at Darlington, becoming soon afterwards works manager, a position which he held until his death. He had received his drawing office training in Glasgow under the late Edward Snowball, himself a Stephenson's man, who in his youth had been chief draughtsman at the original works in Newcastle-on-Tyne. From Snowball he perhaps imbibed a dislike of the meretricious, whether in men or machines. Based on an appreciation in J. Instn Loco. Engrs, 1927, 17, 766.

Gamon, Vernon Percival
Born 18 March 1884, died in Manchester on 23 November 1937. He received his early education at Marlborough and his technical education at Manchester University. In 1901 he became a pupil at Nasmyth, Wilson and Co.’s Locomotive Works, at Patricroft, and at the end of three years joined the Lancashire Dynamo and Motor Co., being 12 months on the test bench and 12 months as Assistant Works Manager. He then joined Edison and Swan for two years, returning to Nasmqth, Wilson and Co. in January, 1909, as personal assistant to the active directors. In 1919 he was appointed a Director. Mr. Gamon was well known in Lancashire Rugby circles in his early days, being a regular player for Manchester, and on several occasions played for his county. In March, 1937, whilst still retaining his directorship of Nasmyth, Wilson’s he accepted the appointment as Director of the hfarichester and District Engineering Employers’ Association. Obituary: J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1937, 27, 814.

Garforth, James
1805-1976. Of W.J. & J. Garforth of Dukinfield. Firm noted for constructing one of the iron tubes for Robert Stephenson's Britannia Bridge across the Menai Straits. At least two patents relating to locomotives: 13,756/1851 Locomotive steam engines and 49/1854 Retarding locomotive engines (with William Garforth). Latter acted by forcing a skid onto the rails using a steam cylinder . Glithero in Chrimes.

Garraway, Allan George Weldon
Born 14 Junre 1926; died 30 December 2013 (excellent Telegraph obituary). Educated Pearce & Leys School and St. Catharine's Hall, Cambridge. Commissioned into Royal Engineers. Assistant to Motive Power Superintendent British Railways, Eastern Region, 1949-55. Manager & Engineer Festiniog Railway 1955-83. He retired to Boat of Garten and worked with the Strathspey Railway. Cornwell.

Garraway, Ron
Born in 1894 at Carshalton in Surrey; died in 1972. He had a distinguished career in the motive power department of the Great Eastern Railway and its successors from 1911 to 1954. He started as a premium apprentice at Stratford in 1911. He volunteered and served in the army from January 1918 to 1920 mainly in Egypt as a Foreman Fitter in the running shed as Quartermaster Sergeant in Kantara. After demobilisation in March 1920 he supervised locomotive repairs at Woolwich Arsenal for a while. He returned to main line railways as District Mechanical Inspector at Peterborough. He was from 1921 Assistant District Locomotive Superintendent at Cambridge and then from 1941 District Locomotive Superintendent at Lincoln until his retirement on 1 January 1955. He became a director of the then Festiniog Railway Society in the year of his retirement from British Railways, taking on the duties of the Society's Membership and Financial Secretary, a task which he did not fully relinquish until 1967. Much of his life is recorded in his son's Garraway, Father and Son published Middleton Press, 1985. From Festipedia

Gatwood, Walter
General Manager of Steel Railway Journal Box Co. of Pendleton in Salford. Patented often in association with others many wagon components including buffers:
GB 14536/1894 Improvements in apparatus for heating and welding by electricity with Charles Frederick Parkinson. Applied 28 July 1894. Published 27 July 1895.
GB 27558/1898 Improved lever brake for railway wagons and like vehicles. Applied 31 December 1898. Published 4 November 1899.
GB 26634/1904.
Improvements in self contained spring buffers and buffer guides: specially applicable for "converting" dead buffered railway vehicles, into spring buffered vehicles with George Herbert Willans. Applied 7 December 1904. Published 20 April 1905..
GB 6136/1911. Improvements in self-contained spring buffers for railway vehicles and the like with Henry Eoghan O'Brien. Applied 11 March 1911. Published 12 February 1912.
GB 139,372. Improvements in spring buffers for railway and like vehicles  Published 4 March 1920
GB 239,719 Improvements in side door fasteners for railway wagons  with Steel Railway Journal Box Co. Applied 6 October 1924. Published 17 September 1925.

Gaud, Harold Vernon (Engineer Commander)
Died 18 January 1963. Born at Tavistock in 1882, educated at Kelly College, Tavistock and entered the Royal Naval Engineering College, Devonport in 1899. Commander Gaud served with the Royal Navy until 1922 when he retired and joined Sentinel Wagon Works (1920) Limited to run its Railcar Department, subsequently becoming joint Managing Director of that Company. In 1939 he left Sentinel to become London Manager of Metropolitan-Cammell Carriage & Wagon Co. Limited and at the same time he was appointed Director and General Manager of Metropolitan Railcars (Ganz Patents) Limited, which offices he held until his retirement from Metropolitan-Cammell in March 1954, though he retained his Directorship of Metropolitan Railcars in an advisory capacity until December 1958. Commander Gaud had been associated with the design and development of railcars for over 30 years and was acknowledged as an expert on this subject. He often stated that railcars and railcar trains could provide economic solutions to otherwise uneconomic branch line and cross-country services.Obituary: J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1962, 52, 498. Portrait page 103 Household With the LNER in the twenties. .

Gaunt, William Henry
Born Bradford, Yorkshire, on 13 January 1874; died 31 October 1951. Transport engineer who began his working life developing and building gas-powered trams. He was educated at Manchester Grammar School before joining the Ashbury Company in Manchester as an apprentice. The works at Ashbury supplied the trams for Britain's first gas-powered tramway, the Blackpool, St Annes and Lytham tramway, operated by the British Gas Traction Company. Gaunt transferred to the tramway company in 1896, and then became manager of a similar gas-powered scheme at Trafford Park in 1896. Following the financial collapse of the Gas Traction Company in 1898 Gaunt was appointed manager of Trafford Park's gas and electric tramways, a position he held until 1905, when the operation of the electric line was taken over by the corporations of Manchester and Salford.
Gaunt then moved south to manage the world's first garden city, at Letchworth. During WW1 he worked for the Coal Mines Department of the Board of Trade as a distribution superintendent in charge of coal, gas, and electricity. He subsequently joined J. Lyons & Co. as a transport manager, and eventually rose to become a director of the company. In 1940 Gaunt became transport adviser to the Ministry of Food. He was a member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers and a Vice-President of the Institute of Transport. He was awarded a C.B.E. in 1938. Wikipedia 2014-09-19

Gibson, Harry Frederick Higgins
Former chief draughtsman: acted as Locomotive Superintendent of Brecon & Merthyr Tydfil Junction Railway from death of Dunbar on 26 February 1922 until railway aborbed into GWR. D.S. Barrie The Brecon & Merthyr Railway.  See also Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1931, 37, 55
Patent: GB 162057. New or improved steam brake valve for locomotives. Applied 19 January 1920; published 19 April 1921.

Gibson, John Chad
Born in 1905. Became an apprentice fitter at Cirencester Works of Midland & South Western Railway, but was moved to the Swindon A erecting shop. Left to be ordained as an Anglican priest in 1935. Excellent concise book Great Western locomotive design (1984).

Gibson, Joseph Hamilton
Born 1869; died 1942. Chief engine draughtsman  Cammell Laird & Co. of Birkenhead. Invented a means of measuring turbine horse-power. See Trans. Newcomen Soc., 1968, 40, 147

Gifford, J.J.
Died 17 October 1932: managing director of W.G. Bagnall Ltd., of Stafford, for the past twenty-four years, aged seventy-two. He served his apprenticeship at the Birkenhead works of  Cammell, Laird & Co. Ltd., and joined the firm of W.G. Bagnall in 1886 as draughtsman. On the death of Mr. Bagnall he was appointed managing director, Mr. Gifford was of a retiring disposition, and took no active part in public affairs. He was very interested in golf, and presented a cup some years ago to the Engineering and Employers' Association to be played for each year. See Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1932, 38, 413.

Gilbert, F.W.
Chief Carriage & Wagon Draughtsman during post-1946 period of LMS: Cox Chronicles of steam

Gillies, George
See Locomotive Mag., 1906, 12, 2. chief locomotive draughtsman LBSCR retired at end of 1905 and replaced by D.J. Spidy, his former chief assistant.

Gilling, Arthur Hewitt
Born in 1873, educated at Merchant Taylor's School from 1884 to 1889. He received his training as an apprentice at David Rolls and Sons, Engineers and Shipbuilders, Liverpool (1889-95), at the same time he attended evening classes at Bootle and Liverpool Technical Schools. On completion of his apprenticeship, he joined the Electric Construction Company at Wolverhampton as a Mechanical Draughtsman, but after five years obtained an appointment as Chief Engineer to Mitrovich Bros., Engineers and Contractors, London and South America. His next appointment was that of Assistant General Manager of Morris and Bastert, Ltd., of Loughborough in 1908, but after 12 months he joined W. G. Bagnall, Ltd., Locomotive Builders, Stafford, as General Manager. In 1912 he made a further change, becoming Cbief Mechanical Engineer to the Rio Tinto Co. Ltd., of London and Spain, but returned to locomotive building in 1914, when appointed General Manager and Secretary of the Yorkshire Engine Co. of Sheffield, subsequently being appointed Managing Director, which post he held until 1928. For a time he was London Manager for Brown Bayley's Steel works, and then in 1930 accepted the appointment of Chief Mechanical Engineer of the Dorada Railway Co., of Colombia, South America. After three years, he returned to England and took up consulting work until appointed General Manager in 1935 of R.Y. Pickering and Co., of Wishaw. In 1937 he was made. a Director of the Glasgow Railway Engineering Co. Ltd., and in 1938, joined the Board of R.Y. Pickering and Co., retiring from both these appointment in January 1940. Gilling was an energetic man and introduced many improvements in both works production and managerial control for the various concerns he worked for. He spoke Spanish fluently, and was familar with French, German and Portuguese. He died on 19 September 1940. J. Instn Loco. Engrs, 1940, 30, 502.

Glover, James WiIliam
Born at St. Helens, Lancashire, on 9 June 1864. Died at his home, on 16 October 1943. .He served his engineeririg apprenticeship under his father (B. B. Glover), who was then General Manager of the Haydock Collieries, at St. Helens. These collieries had a number of their own locomotives, for which J.W. Giover was later responsible. Elected a Member of ILocoE in 1915. He became a Colliery Manager and, later, joined his father in the firm of B B. Glover and Son, Consulting Mining Engineers. In 1905, however, owing to his affection for locomotives, he applied for and obtained the appointment of Assistant Locomotive Superintendent to the Cyprus Government Railway. He resigned and returned to England in 1914, to take over his father's consulting practice, with which he continued up to the time of his death. He always retained a keen interest in locomotives and locomotive practices and, during the ]926 strike, acted as a driver between Manchester and Wigan.

Gobert, Edward G.A.
Born at Abbeville, France, in 1857; died 26 May 1919, at Newbury Park, Ilford, after a short illness. Only son of Charles Gobert, the friend of Charcot and Director of Salpetriere and other great Parisian hospitals. Educated at the College Stanislas, where he had for class companion  the Pririce of the Asturias, afterwards Alfonso XII. and father of the Spanish monarch in 1919, he subsequently attended the College Chaptal and obtained his degree at the early age of seventeen. Coming to England in 1878 he became known as a technical writer in engineering and scientific journals under the pseudonym of Mernök, his speciality being locomotive engineering. He became technical adviser to firms of patent agents at home and abroad, and was latterly in the service of the War Office. Obituary Locomotive Mag., 1919, 25, 120

Gobey, Francis Edward
Born Cirencester on 4 November 1873, died Manchester 2 October 1924. Educated Sir Thomas Rich's School, Cirencester. Joined Gloucester Railway Carriage & Wagon Co. and became draughtsman at the LYR carriage works in Newton Heath in 1897, becoming chief draghtsman in 1903 and works manager in 1909 (see Loco. Mag., 1909, 15, 126). He visited France, Belgium, the USA and Canada to study works methods. He lectured on carriage and wagon manufacture at the Manchester Municipal College of Technology from 1900 to 1906 and on railway economics at Manchester University.  Awarded Webb Prize for his paper on All-metal passenger cars for British railways. Surprisingly, listed as member of Association of Railway Locomotive Engineers in 1924. LMS moved him to Wolverton to become divisional carriage & wagon superintendent.  

Golding, Henry Frederick
He was always referred to as H. F. Golding. Locomotive Superintendent of the Barry Railway from 1905 until November 1909. Golding begun his railway career on the London & South Western Railway as a pupil of William Adams. In 1891?, he joined the TVR as a draughtsman where his career prospered. Contemporary evidence at the time of the Taff Vale dispute indicates that he was very much on the side of the management and opposed to the strikers. In 1904 Golding was appointed TVR Assistant Locomotive Superintendent based at Penarth Dock. However, next year he took up the vacant post of Locomotive Superintendent on the Barry Railway. Golding's management style on the Barry seems to have been notably strict even by standards of the age and he clearly had little or no time for trades unions. His time in post was marked by a series of disputes after his appointment in July 1905. These began with a list of grievances presented by footplatemen as early as November 1905. In 190? a Board of Trade investigation into the state of the Barry Railway locomotive stock was launched as a result of complaints voiced, in particular by those employed in the Locomotive Department. Whilst there are often two sides to an argument, and not all of the 1907 allegations were proven, Golding seems to have had an abrasive manner, although he was always described as being polite, and he certainly believed in hierarchy and discipline in the work place. It is significant that the men always stressed that they had no dispute with the company, they saw their issues as being with H. F. Golding. Inevitably, strike action resulted in 1908. It is also significant that both the strikers and the press, perhaps inevitably, made comparisons with the Taff Vale case. It is possible that Golding's uncompromising views on trades unions were hardened during that dispute although evidently, like many railway senior officers, he seems to have been opposed to trades unions having a role per se. The Barry's General Manager Edward Lake, for example at the time of these events, seems to have had a similar attitude. Golding resigned suddenly in November 1909 for reasons that remain unclear. Invariably, when a senior Barry officer resigned or retired, a function was organised by his colleagues and duly reported in the local press. To date, no report of a farewell function for H. F. Golding has been found. His appointment was a rare misjudgement by the Barry's board which was generally well served by its senior officers. Nor, following Golding's resignation, had the Barry Railway seen the last of him. In 1910 he caused some disruption at a shareholders' half-yearly meeting when he protested that maintenance was being sacrificed for profit. Given that the company's shareholders' meetings were usually quite polite and non-controversial, this was a notable event. In contrast, his successor John Auld seems to have been a genial and approachable figure. Interestingly, none of the above events will be found in the official history of the Barry Railway published in 1923 to mark its effective absorption, officially amalgamation, into the Great Western Railway. A single sentence therein notes the dates of Golding's appointment and resignation and nothing else. According to RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10 his design contribution to the locomotive stock was minimal. Letter in Backtrack, 2020, 34, 125 from John Bushby added much further information

Golightly, Lawrence
Died on 4 October 1952 aged 57; began his career with Robert Stephenson & Co. Ltd., in 1911 as an apprentice draughtsman and gained his practical experience in their Darlington Locomotive Works. He subsequently became a draughtsman with the firm, and was promoted Assistant Chief Draughtsman of Robert Stephenson & Hawthorns, Limited in January 1944. Since January 1946 he had been the Chief Draughtsman of the firm’s Darlington Drawing Office. Golightly had a distinguished military career in WW1 when he rose to the rank of Captain, and in WW2 he took an energetic part in the formation and training of the Home Guard. In his younger days Golightly was a very fine footballer. He gained several English Amateur International Cups, and also played for the Darlington football club from 1919 to 1924. ILocoE obituary

Goodall, Clarence Noel
Born in 1864 and educated at Bedford School. He served his apprenticeship with the London and South Western Railway and then joined the firm of Willans & Robinson of Glasgow, this firm becoming later a part of North British Locomotive Company, Limited. In 1897 he left to join the inspection staff of Messrs. A. M. Rendel & Sons (later Rendel, Palmer & Tritton), and in 1904 was appointed Manager of the Darlington Works of Robert Stephenson & Company Limited, Shipbuilders and Locomotive Builders of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. On the reconstruction of the Company in 1914 only the Darlington Works was retained, and Goodall was appointed Managing Director, which position he held until his retirement in 1936. At the request of the Board of Directors, he retained his directorship until 1944 and thus gave the Company loyal and valuable service over a period of 40 years. He held eight patents, mainly grantedv in USA and Canada: see ILocoE Paper 87.  and GB 354728 Improvements relating to coupling devices for railway or other vehiclesApplied 12 May 1930; published 12 August 1931, GB 141396 Improvements in or relating to devices for coupling vehicles. Applied 14 October 1918; published 14 April 1920 (or for connecting the undercarriages of duplex or other articulated locomotives) See also Locomotive Mag., 1935, 41, 26. Goodall was awarded the O.B.E. in 1919 in recognition of the services rendered by him and also Stephensons, during WW1. After his retirement from the Company, Goodall removed to Lee-on-Solent, and during WW2 he took an active part in civil defence in the capacity of a chief air raid warden. Goodall was elected a Member in 1913 and he was one of the eight members who signed the original Memorandum of Association when the Institution was incorporated in 1915. He was also a Member of Council in the early 1920s. Contributed to discussion on Weatherburn paper od dynomometer car. He died on 12 March 1957 in his 93rd year.

Goodall, Joshua
Born in 1882; died 15 January 1945. Elected an ILocoE Member in 1920. Received his early education at Garfield (Yorks) Parish Schools. He served his time as a locomotive draughtsman with the Hunslet Engine Co., of Leeds, and at the same time attended the Leeds Mechanics’ Institute, obtaining a first class certificate for machine construction and drawing in 1904. In 1908 he joined the Mechanical Dept. of the Sudan Govt. Rly. as a draughtsman. In ,1923 he succeeded H. Lawes as chief draughtsman of the C.M.E.’s Dept., which post he held until his retirement in 1932. He was decorated with the M.B.E. in 1933. On his retirement he settled in the Channel Islands, but evacuated in June, 1940, and came to England, where he at once obtained an appointment on the staff of a Royal .Ordnance Factory at Barnbow, Yorks. Unfortunately, owing to ill-health he had to give this up in 1943. He was interred in his native village of Garforth, near Leeds.

Goodeve, Thomas Edward.
Born in London on 5 August 1876; died 1918. He was educated at St. Paul's School and at the Royal College of Science and School of Mines. In 1896 he became a premium apprentice in the locomotive works of the London and North Western Railway at Crewe, and on its completion he entered the drawing office of the same works, subsequently becoming in January 1902 assistant manager in the locomotive works. This position he held until 1909 when he was transferred to the Outdoor Department and later to the Steel Works. Two years later he became assistant manager on locomotive repairs at Crewe and out-station erecting shops, and in December 1913 he was appointed works manager and assistant locomotive superintendent at the Inchicore Works of the Great Southern and Western Railway, Dublin. In 1916 he joined the Royal Engineers and served in Palestine from January 1917 until 26 January 1918, when he was accidentally killed at Baalbeck, Syria, at the age of forty-one. On two occasions he was personally congratulated by the Commander-in-Chief for his efficient work. (IMech obituary via Grace's Guide)

Gostwyck, Humphrey Harford Gostwyck
Born in 1872; died in Tunbridge Wells in July 1943. Apprenticed at the Canal Basin Foundry in Glasgow from 1890 to 1892 and for a few months at Bow, McLachlan & Co. of Paisley where he gained experience in the drawing office. He then became a pupil of Murdoch Paterson, chief engineer of the Highland Railway. as an assistant resident engineer on the Inverness to Aviemore line in 1892-6. He then worked with Sir Benjamin Baker on the Central London Railway.  In 1902 he joined the East Indian Railway, but in 1906 became in charge of all public works in Singapore. He returned to Britain in 1917 and served with the Royal Engineers in a staff appointment in France. Following WW1 he worked on public works in Brazil and finally went to work on an extension of the Uganda Railway. He retired in 1928. IMechE obituary.  

Goudie, William John
Born 6 November 1868; died 4 October 1945. Educated Girvan Parish School; Kilmarnock Academy and University of Glasgow. Trained as mechanical engineer in works of Glasgow and South-Western Railway, Kilmarnock, then experience in marine consulting engineer’s service, 1884–1906. Assistant Professor, then University Reader, University. College, London, 1907–19; Emeritus James Watt Professor of Theory and Practice of Heat Engines, University of Glasgow (which subsequently became Mechanical Engineering) from 1921 until 1938. In 1936 he founded the Goudie Prize in Music and in 1938 the Goudie Prize in Applied Thermodynamics. He was awarded an LLD in 1939.
Steam Turbines, 2nd edition, 1922;
Ripper’s Steam Engine Theory and Practice, 8th edition, 1932
See informative review: Locomotive Mag., 1932, 38, 378.

Gough, Nathan
Born in Holt-Town, Manchester, in 1790; died 9 January 1852. His father, Joseph Gough, a dyer, originally from Kendal, Westmoreland, having a large family, could not afford his children the benefit of even the ordinary rudiments of education, and at ten years of age, young Nathan was set to work, for an elder brother, in a cotton mill, where for seven years, and by seventeen he had risen to be manager of his brother's mill. Eentually he became a spinner on his own account, at Ancoats, and during his career encountered many vicissitudes, the mills he occupied being twice burnt down, and at the mill, built for him in Salford, the building collapsed whilst the hands were at work, causing the death of nineteen work-people; yet he persevered in his endeavours to work his way upwards, and being always fond of mechanical pursuits, he abandoned cotton-spinning, to become a manufacturer of small portable engines and other machinery, chiefly employed by contractors for buildings and engineering works, for which demand was increasing. He thus became the medium of introducing several simple and ingenious machines for saving labour and was ultimately very successful. He was an ingenious, self-educated man, who owed his ultimate position entirely to his own industry and perseverance. He was extensively employed by Civil Engineers and Contractors, by whom he was much respected, and at his decease on the , in his sixty-third year, he left a considerable engineering establishment to be conducted by his son Henry Gough He was a member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, of Birmingham, and joined the Institution of Civil Engineers as an Associate Member in the year 1845; he took great interest in the proceedings and attended the meetings whenever his avocations permitted his doing so. He developed a locomotive steam carriage from about 1824. It was capable of going up or down hill at a speed of nine or ten miles per hour and carrying three or four passengers. The drive was to the rear wheels only and worked on the high-pressure principle. The Gough carriage was an early exploiter of exiting steam from the cylinders via the chimney see ILocoE Paper 291 and section on Gouch in particular,

Surnames beginning letter "Gr"

Granshaw, L.J.
Works Manager at Brighton Works and prior to that in charge of test section thereat: appears to have developed special relationship with Bulleid as troublehooter. Sean Day-Lewis Bulleid: last giant of steam (pp. 129, 222 and 273) and H.A.V. Bulleid's Bulleid of the Southern

Grant, Percy
Joined Institution of Locomotive Engineers in 1919 (obituary Journal, 1936, 26, 833-4); he received early education at the Royal Academy in Gosport, and his technical training at the Technical High School in Hanover, Germany, where he obtained a 1st class certificate in Science and Machine design. On returning to England in 1884 he commenced his engineering apprenticeship with the South Eastern Railway at Ashford works, and on completion, went to South America and joined the Buenos Ayres Great Southern Railway as a draughtsman in the locomotive and carriage dept. In 1895 he was appointed assistant. Locomotive, Carriage & Wagon Superintendent, which he held until 1906 when he went into the engineering business, forming the well known firm of Percy Grant & Co. Ltd., of which he was managing director from 1906 to 1917. Returning to England in 1917 he joined Messrs. Vickers Ltd., as the London representative of their Sheffield works, and in 1921, was appointed special director in control of commercial sales. From 1922 to 1926 he was one of the joint and general managers of the London office of the company and in 1928 assumed control of the Train Lighting Dept., which was later formed into Vickers Train Lighting Co. Ltd., of which he was made managing director. He died on 22 Deember 1926 aged 69.

Grantham, G.
Assistant Locomotive Superintendent Southern Division North Eastern Railway: salary from 1 October 1885 £700 (previously £500). Rly Wld, 1957, 18, 77.

Gray, D.D.
Draughtsman who represented Eastern & North Eastern Region on Harland's standardization committee. E.S. Cox British Railways standard steam locomotives

Greenhalgh, William
Locomotive superintendent of the Lancashire, Derbyshire & East Coast Railway between 21 April 1899 and resignation on 15 June 1900 because locomotives for which he was responsible had not been properly maintained. (see Backtrack, 2028, 32, 206). .

Greig, David
Born Harvioston, near Stonehaven, Kincardineshire on 27 October 1827. .In early life he assisted his father in farming in the north of Scotland; and it is unusual that a man without any previous mechanical training should have been able to grasp the numerous branches of mechanics with which he afterwards associated himself. When quite a young man he undertook the management of a large estate in Ireland; and while superintending operations in Hainault Forest in 1858 he was engaged by John Fowler to assist him in overcoming the difficulties connected with the construction of the steam plough, the idea of which had occurred to Fowler in connection with his own draining plough and Fisken's plough driven by water power. About this time Greig introduced his improvement upon the "balance plough,": the original balance plough had two straight wooden beam extending the whole length of the implement, between which the balance plough worked; and his improvement consisted in making the present form of iron balance plough-frame, which did away with the old wooden frames entirely. The Steam Plough Works having been started about 1860 at Hunslet, Leeds, by John Fowler and Co., he then acted as outside manager and travelled to secure orders, and in this capacity he made the steam plough a commercial success. The works originally gave employment to only about one hundred men, and wore limited to the production of ploughs, anchors, and engines; but then covered 8.5 acres and employed about 1,600 men. During the American civil war in 1862-3 the cultivation of cotton in Egypt was carried on upon a large scale; and for the speedy preparation of the lands for this purpose the stem plough became a necessity. Greig went to Egypt, where he remitted for some time; and the numerous orders received from that country contributed largely to build up the works to their present size. On the death of Fowler in 1864 he became a partner; and while the improvement of the steam plough and its adaptation to various kinds of work continued to receive his closest care, he also turned his attention to the manufacture of locomotives, and found uses to which the steam ploughing engine with slight modifications could be adapted; and the employment of portable and semi-portable engines for all sorts of mining purposes was to a great extent the result. As an instance, on his advice an ordinary ploughing engine was used by Bell Brothers of Middlesbrough for a new pit they were then sinking at the Cliff Mines near Saltburn; and it is believed this lifted many hundred thousand tons of ironstone at a cheaper rate per ton than any other engine had ever done. The introduction of this class of machinery naturally resulted in his attention being directed to all other descriptions of machinery required for mining operations, and the firm entered largely into the manufacture of all classes of mining machinery; he took the principal part in the design and manufacture of some of the largest winding engines working in this country. The success of the compound principle for marine engines led him to consider its adaptability to agricultural and stationary machinery. At the Steam Plough Works he constructed the first compound semi-portable engine; and as the experiments made with it proved successful, the manufacture of compound ploughing and traction engines soon followed. The first of the compound traction engines was exhibited at the Royal Agricultural Society's meeting held at Derby in 1881. He became a Member of this Institution in 1865, a Member of Council in 1878, and a Vice-President in 1886. In 1865, in conjunction with John Fowler, he contributed a paper on the application of steam power to the cultivation of land; and in 1879, in conjunction with Max Eyth, he gave another on the use of iron and steel in high pressure boilers. He also read numerous papers on agricultural subjects before various Chambers of Commerce and other societies in different parts of the country. He took an active part in the Iron Trades Employers' Association, of which he was the president for two years, 1881-89 and 1882-83. He was a life governor of the Yorkshire College, and a member of its Council; and was one of the representatives of the engineering trade on the Council of the Leeds Chamber of Commerce. he was also a justice of the peace for the borough of Leeds, and for many years took a keen interest in local affairs. He died at his residence, Leeds, on 20 March 1891,
GB 1104/1865 Improvements in machinery for cultivating land.
GB 2791/1876 Locomotive having the axles each driven by a three cylinder engine connected to cranks at 120°.
GB 2725/1870 witth Max Eyth
improvements in apparatus for ploughing, harrowing, and sowing land when steam power is employed
The cylinders were what today would be termed nose-suspended and apparently the whole worked in an oil-bath as it was wholly enclosed. Locomotive Mag, 1947, 53, 32.

GB 980/1871 witth Max Eyth Improvements in traction engines to travel on ordinary roads

Grew, Frederick
Born Norwich 26 December 1819; died Lee, Kent 19 March 1905. Trained under W. Bridges Adarns at Fairfield Works, Bow. In 1860 he was resident engineer on the Tudela & Bilbao Railway. He then became locomotive superintendent on the Madrid & Alicante Railway; next on the Cadiz & Jerez Railway. From 1856-9 he was chief draughtsman at Brown, Marshall & Co, Birmingham. Then to Belgium for four years as inspecting engineer for rolling stock being built for the Vama Railway, Turkey. With his brother NathanieI (below) he designed an 'ice locomotive' which worked in 1861 between St Petersburg and Cronstadt in Russia. A model of this is in the Science Museum, London. 1867 Appointed Assistant Engineer on The Irish Railway Commission to Standardize Gauges and details of Management. Marshall.

Grew, Nathaniel
Born Norwich 6 October1829; died Lee, Kent, 11 July 1897. Brother of Frederick Grew (above). 1846-9 pupil of W. Bridges Adams at the Fairfield Works, Bow, London. 1849-51 worked on the SER in London and Ashford. 1851-3 worked on survey and setting out of part of the Madrid & Valencia Railway from Albacete to Almansa. 1854-9 chief assistant to Sir William Siemens on engines, furnaces and iron and steel manufacture. 1860 began on his own as a civil engineer in London. With his brother worked on the design of the 'ice locomotive'. He was connected with railway work in Argentina. Central America, Peru and BraziL Marshall.

Griffiths, Robert
Born at Lleweny Farm, in the Vale of Clwydd, on 13 December 1805. He showed an early inclination for mechanical pursuits, and was apprenticed to carpentry in North Wales. When a boy he executed some highly creditable ornamental woodwork at Cefn, and constructed three harps, upon which instrument he became a skilful player. He afterwards went as pattern-maker in an engine works in Birmingham, where an uncle resided and secured a foremanship. His name is first recorded in the patent office in 1835, as the inventor of a rivet machine. In 1836, jointly with John Gold, he patented a very successful glass-grinding and polishing machine; and, a year later, in collaboration with Samuel Evers of Cradley, he obtained a patent which greatly facilitated the making of hexagon nuts. In 1845 Griffiths patented a marked improvement in machinery for making bolts, railway spikes, and rivets. The same year, on account of his wife's ill-health, he migrated to France, and at Havre, in conjuntion with Labruère, founded engineering works, at which were manufactured most of the ironwork for the railway then being constructed from Havre to Paris. The revolution of 1848 having brought trade to a standstill, Griffiths parted with all his property to compensate and send home the mechanics who had accompanied him to France. Meanwhile Griffiths had been busy improving the atmospheric railway, and took out patents with Mr. Bovill, the leading features of which were the using of a vacuum on one side as well as a plenum on the other to act on the piston, and the closing of the atmospheric pipe. After the closing of his French works Griffiths experimented upon the screw propeller, and in 1849 took out a patent for an amended method of screw propulsion, which was largely adopted in the navy. Further improvements were patented by Griffiths in 1853 and 1858, adding to the idea of separate blades and less vibration still further efficiency and reduction in cost. An improved form of 'protector' was Griffiths's last patent of note, though in 1878 he invented a serviceable plan of placing the screw propeller a distance equal to two-thirds of its diameter aft the end of the run. Griffiths secured other patents for an electric hair brush, intended to prevent hair turning white; supplementary improvements in bolt and rivet making; and an automatic damper for steam boilers, as well as a method of preventing scale in boilers, the two latter protectors being obtained jointly with Mr. C. W. Copeland. Griffiths read a number of valuable papers before the Society of Naval Architects and at the Royal United Service Institution, chiefly relating to his own original experiments. He died in June 1883. [Memoir in Engineering, 29 June 1883.]
Patents (via Woodcroft)
GB 7271/1837
Manufacture of bars or nuts for screws. 11 January 1837
GB 10,457/1845 Manufacture of bolts, railway-pins, spikes, and rivets. 11 January 1845
GB 10,734 /1845 Construction of parts of apparatus used in propelling carriages and vessels by the atmosphere; propelling carriages and, vessels by atmospheric pressure. 23 June 1845
GB 11,129/1846 Apparatus applicable to the working of atmospheric and other railways, canals, and mines; transmitting gas for lighting railways and other places. 11 March 1846
GB 12,769/1849 Steam-engines; propelling vessels. 13 September 1849

Guest, Richard
Born in 1868, he was educated at a Preparatory School in Weybridge and at Shrewsbury School. He commenced his engineering training as a pupil of W. Adams, on the London and South Western Railway, in September, 1885. In June, 1890, he was a draughtsman with A.M. Rendel, and six years later was made an inspector. In June, 1899, he joined Sharp, Stewart and Co., Ltd., incorporated with the North British Locomotive Co., Ltd., in 1903 . For a period he acted as Works Manager in the Atlas Works, and later as Foreign Travelling Representative of the North British Locomotive Co., Ltd., retiring in 1940. During WW1 he was loaned to the Ministry of Munitions. J.I. Loco. E. obituary (1941): no date given may have been due to enemy action.

Guest, T.A.
Chief Mechanical Enginer Manchester Ship Canal from 1941 until his retirement on 31 October 1951, after thirty years service with company. OBE.

Surnames beginning letter "Ha"

Hadfield, D.W.
General manager Robert Stephenson & Hawthorn of Darlingon. Fairly active in ILocoE in 1950s. Comments on welding

Hain. W.
Chief Foreman, Chief Mechanical Engineer's Dept., Inverness, appointed District Locomotive Supt. and also has charge of the Lochgorm Works. Locomtive Mag., 1935, 41, 241

Holder of Patent GB 4761/1877 with Weatherburn: see Loco. Mag., 1917, 23, 32-5.

Hall, Anthony
Locomotive Superintendent Newcastle & Carlisle Railway in 1850: see Locomotive Mag., 1908, 14, 146. Dawn Smith adds previously "Engineer" of the railway from 1837.

Hall, R.S.
In mid-1950s was Chairman of ILocoE Derby centre; and prior to that asked searching questions at meetings held in Derby. Who was he? Question on dynamkic braking paper see J. Instn Loco Engrs., 1951, 41, 552-3 Comment on Ell's controlled ropad testing. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1953, 43, 619. Comments on Hoden system of oil burning, especially use of very thick fuel: J. Instn Loco Engrs., 1952, 42, 499. Question about fall in vacuum as locomotive and its train climbed to over 6000 feet in Ceylon. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1452, 42, 169-1.

Halstead, Arthur Frederick
Born 1860; died Teignmouth on 19 November 1937. Was for many years locomotive superintendent to the Rio Tinto Railway, Spain, of which he also held the position of traffic manager. Served his apprenticeship from 1874 to 1882 with Beyer, Peacock and Company, Ltd., at Gorton Foundry. During the next six years he was entrusted with the supervision, in the Argentine Republic and Uruguay, of the erection of locomotives built by the firm. In 1888 he was appointed locomotive superintendent and permanent way engineer of the Midland Railway of Uruguay, and three years later he took up a similar position with the Cordoba and Rosario Railway, in the Argentine Republic. He commenced his association with the Rio Tinto Railway in 1895, upon his appointment as mechanical engineer, and in 1896 he was made locomotive superintendent. Halstead subsequently returned to England and rejoined Beyer, Peacock as manager and secretary, a position which he held throughout WW1, until his retirement in 1919. During his retirement he lived at Teignmouth. He had been a Member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers since 1898.

Hamers, J.P.
ILocoE Paper 72b and ILocoE Paper 108 (latter omits "s")

Handy, W.
Assistant for Outdoor Machinery, LMS in 1946. (Cox Chronicles of steam)

Handley, William
Patent: GB 12779/1849. Railway breaks. 20 September 1849. Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs., 1851, 3, 19.

Hanna, Charles Deacon
Born on 1 March 1886; educated in Springburn, Glasgow, and received his engineering training at the Atlas Works of Sharp Stewart Co. and the Glasgow and West of Scotland Technical College. The whole of his engineering career was spent in the drawing office except for a brief spell as a fitter in Eastfield Running Shed on the former North British Railway. At the time of his death he was Chief Draughtsman of Andrew Barclay Sons & Co. Ltd., Kilmarnock. Hanna was elected a Member in 1920; he served on the Council from 1931 to 1937 and was a Member of Committee and later Chairman of the Scottish Centre for some time and was keenly interested in and enthusiastic about the Institution’s activities. He did a great deal for the Scottish Centre as Chairman and his death was very sudden and occurred on 3 March 1952. ILocoE obituary (1952, 42). It is certain that he was the Author of Paper 307, but there is no reference to this in his obituary, nor to his working for Sir W.G. Armstrong Whitworth in 1932..

Hanson, H.S.
Represented London Midland Region on Harland's standardization committee of draughtsmen on general fittings: E.S. Cox British Railways standard steam locomotives

Hargrave, Joseph
Died suddenly on 24 February 1941, in his 57th year. Working life spent with Kitson and Co., in Leeds with whom he had served his apprenticeship in the drawing office. He attended evening classes at the Leeds Technical Institute and afterwards for five years attended lectures at Leeds University, obtaining the (then) Board of Education Certificate in Mathematics, Mechanics, Machine design, Heat Engines. He rose from draughtsman to leading draughtsman to assistant chief draughtsman. Colonel Kitson Clark wrote about him as follows: "A very competent engineer who he would trust with full responsibility in drawing out as well as calculating. out main line locomotives."

Harrison, George
Born Liverpool 4 June 1815; died Kensington, London, 2 June 1875. Apprenticed to Mather, Dixon & Co, Liverpool, and to Jones at Newton-le-Willows. On the opening of the Paris & Rouen Railway in 1843 he was appointed locomotive superintendent. Later he was appointed Carriage & Wagon superintendent on the Orleans & Bordeaux Railway until the revolution of 1848 compelled his return to England. He became locomotive superintendent of the Scottish Central Railway and of associated lines in Scotland. He designed the Perth locomotive depot, In 1853 he was consulted by Peto, Brassey & Betts concerning construction of locomotives for the Grand Trunk Railway in Canada. Following his report on a visit to Canada it was decided to establish works in England for building locomotives and wrought-iron bridges. So Harrison established the Canada Works at Birkenhead and remained connected with it until his death. The works built Robert Stephenson's tubular bridge over the St Lawrence at Montreal and, following completion of the GTR, the works supplied material for railways in Britain, France, Spain, Italy, Portugal, USA, India, Australia and other parts of the world. For a period Harrison was manager of the Millwall lronworks of William Fairbaim near London, and of the Humber Ironworks at Hull. Marshall. Peter Marshall Scottish Central Railway.

Harrison, Hubert Arthur
Secretary of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers, 1931-1949 Major Harrison was educated at Wyggeston High School, Leicester, and served his engineering apprenticeship at Crewe. After a number of years experience in the runnling department of the former London and North Western Railway he was appointed Assistant Chief Mechanical Engineer of the Antofagasta and Bolivia Railway Co. in 1911 and became Chief Mechanical Engineer of that railway in 1914. During WW1 he served in the Royal Engineers. In 1922, he joined the board of Scholey and Co., Engineers, Westminster, and in 1925 became Managing Director of the Croydon Engineering Co. Ltd. Major Harrison's long link with the Institution of Locomotive Engineers began on 1 May 1931 when he was appointed to be its first whole-time Secretary and shortly afterwards he assumed the editorship of the Institution Joumal as part of his duties. Major Harrison held the office of Secretary and Editor of the Institution for eighteen years, a period of considerable activity except during WW2. He retired in 1949 and died 29 June 1967.

Hart, Geoffrey Tilden.
G.T. Hart, formerly of the LN.E.R. Stratford, and in later years H.E.H. The Nizam’s State Railway in India, Secretary ILocoE: (appointment Locomotive Mag., 1949, 55, 50) compiler of Subject Index of Addresses and Papers see Locomotive Mag., 1955, 61, 71.

Hart-Davies, Roy Spencer Edward Beauclerk
Born on 9 August 1901; died in Luton Hospital on 18 June 1966 (The Times). In 1946 he was moved from Doncaster to be Assistant to Chief Mechanical Engineer (Locomotive and General) see Locomotive Mag., 1946, 52, 189. Appointed Acting Mechanical Engineer (outdoor) LNER Scotland. Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1947, 53, 67. See also Roland C. Bond A lifetime with locomotives wherein it was noted that Roy was a personal friend of long standing and had first met in Norwich where he was Assistant DLS. The friendship was reinforced when Bond was appointed Superintending Engineer of the Rugby Testing Station whilst Gresley was still alive. On page 121 Bond recounts a confrontation with a Nazi official. He was an accomplished horseman and was a member of the Metropolitan Mounted Police. He had a distinguished war record in Burma. Photographed at dinner of Darlington Pupils Association in 1946: Elliot Raised in steam page 89. On 5 September 1951 he was Mechanical and Electrical Engineer, British Railways, ER, Doncaster.He was secretary to the Committee on Electrification at the Railway Executive. He was a fastidious batchelor and took his own office furniture with him, which included Gresley's roll-top desk. Bannister, Eric. (Trained by Sir Nigel Gresley. 1984) encountered him but Bannister's amanuensis refers to him as "Rupert. He contributed to the discussion on Bond's paper on locomotive repairs at the Doncaster meeting. Joined ILocoE on 19 September 1935, resigned 13 February 1962. (Date of birth; position in 1951 and membership records: Archivist IMechE. David Harris in an article on Colonel Howard G. Hill (Backtrack, 2017, 31, 433) shows that Hart-Davies liaised on behalf of the Ministry of Supply with Colonel Hill in September 1941 to acquire locomotives suitable for running in Britain and Continental Europe: Harris's main source was Andrew Dow's Dictionary of railway quotations

Hartley, John William
Born in 1845; died in 1942. He had been apprenticed at the Holmes Engine Works of Dodds & Son in Rotherham from 1862 to 1867 and had worked for both the Yorkshire Engine Co. and Sharp, Stewart & Co. before joining the North Staffordshire Railway to take charge of the Drawing Office where he was responsibe for designing a steam tug. He left in 1874 to set up an engineering business with Arnoux brothers at the California Works in Stoke. Mike G. Fell. Steam tugs on the Trent & Mersey Canal. Rly Canal Hist. Soc. J., 2020, 40, 82 

Hartmann, D.S.
In charge of locomotive stock on East & West Yorkshire Union Railway. Deacon. Backtrack, 2019, 33, 378

Hayden, L.J.
Locomotive Superintendent Swindon, Marlborough & Andover Railway

Hayes, Edward
Born in Manchester, in 1818; died in 1877. He was apprenticed to James Kennedy. Soon after the completion of his indentures he accepted an appointment on the then London and Birmingham Railway, at the newly opened locomotive works at Wolverton, Mr. Bury, from the firm of Bury, Curtis, Kennedy, of Liverpool, being locomotive superintendent. Hayes did not remain very long there, leaving Wolverton to establish an engineering works of his own at Stony Stratford. Though commenced thirty years ago on a comparatively small scale the Watling Works have earned a good reputation. Steam and railways were things unknown in Stony Stratford when . Hayes first settled there in 1847, and on opening his works for the manufacture of engine and machinery, the farmers said of him, first that he could not make a steam engine, and when it was nearly finished, that he would never be able to make it go. He met with considerable difficulties in persuading farmers that an engine would be of use to them, but he succeeded at last. Since these early days Hayes successfully introduced many useful inventions, as for example, his steam power windlass, patented in 1857, and which took the silver modal of the Royal Agricultural Society of England, at their Leeds meeting in 1861. He was also the inventor and patentee of an arrangement by which the surface condensers of marine engines could be supplied with condensing water without the assistance of any circulating pumps, the action of the screw propeller being employed to this end. A self-moving anchor used in steam cultivation is also included among his his patents, and at the time of his death other important projects were in progress. Hayes steam cultivating machinery was highly approved by the farmers in the counties bordering the locality in which Watling Works is situated. In former years Hayes was also connected with steam traction on common roads, and his works wore often visited by such men at the Duke of Sutherland, the Earl of Caithness, and J.K, McConnell, late locomotive superintendent of the Wolverton works of the London and North-Western Railway, who took much interest in the subject. A prominent feature at the Watling Works from the commencement has been the training of young men in the profession of mechanical engineering, and we understand that many of Hayes' old pupils are now occupying loading positions. Since 1860 the branch of engineering that has received most attention at the hands of Hayes has been the building of steamers for coasting, canal, and river work at home and abroad. Graces Guide and Mike G. Fell. Steam tugs on the Trent & Mersey Canal. Rly Canal Hist. Soc. J., 2020, 40, 82

Haythorn, John
Holder of several patents on feed water heating:
GB 5360/1903 Improvements in and connected with steam boilers of the locomotive type. Applied 7 March 1903..Published 14 January 1904
GB 15497/1900 Improvements in and connected with water-tube steam boilers. Applied 31 August 1900. .Published 10 August 1901.
GB 24836/1899 Improvements in and connected with water-tube steam boilers. with Haythorn Tubulous Boiler Syndicate. Applied 14 December 1899. Published 13 October 1900.
See also Locomotive Mag., 1921, 27, 118 which suggests link with Alley & Maclellan of Glasgow.

Heath, Ashton M.
Born 27 May, 1S59 and died in October 1922. He was Chief Inspecting Engineer for the Crown Agents for the Colonies. Obituray J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1923, 13,  464.

Hele-Shaw, Henry Selby
Born at Billericay, Essex, on 29 July 1854, the eldest of the thirteen children of Henry Shaw, a solicitor. He was the first in his family to manifest a scientific and inventive genius, though his younger brother, Philip Egerton Shaw, became professor of physics at Nottingham. Shaw added his mother's maiden name to his own surname in his early twenties. He was privately educated, and at seventeen was apprenticed at the Mardyke engineering works of Rouch and Leaker in Bristol. In 1876 he obtained the first of a number of Whitworth prizes, enabling him to become a student at University College, Bristol. In 1880 he was awarded the Miller scholarship from the Institution of Civil Engineers for a paper entitled ‘Small motive power’.On obtaining his degree in 1880, Hele-Shaw was appointed lecturer in mathematics and engineering in his own college at Bristol, and in 1881 he became the first professor of engineering there. In 1885 he became the first occupant of the chair of engineering at the University College of Liverpool. In 1904 Hele-Shaw accepted an invitation to initiate a college of engineering at the Transvaal Technical Institute, of which he became principal within a year. This was at a time when the importance of engineering science as a university subject was becoming recognized and a number of new colleges were coming into existence, but even so, Hele-Shaw's record in founding three such important departments is probably unique. He returned to England in 1906, and never again held an academic appointment, but retained an interest in education to the end of his life. On his own subject of kinematics he was a fine lecturer, making use of frequent demonstrations which his inventiveness suggested to him. His geniality and his undoubted pre-eminence as a practical engineer earned him the affection and respect of his students.It is, however, mainly as an inventor and research worker that Hele-Shaw is remembered. His inventions cover a wide range, beginning in 1881 with several instruments for the measurement and recording of wind velocities, and proceeding next by a logical development to the field of integrating machines. For his paper to the Institution of Civil Engineers ‘Mechanical integrators’ in 1885 he received the Watt gold medal and Telford premium. Similarly, his main contributions to science arose from the facility with which he designed new apparatus for experiment. A good example of this may be found in his demonstration of the nature of streamline flow, of which a theoretical exposition was provided at the time by Sir George Stokes. The scientific significance of this work was great, since not only were the hydrodynamic equations involved considered to be insoluble, except in a few cases, but hydrodynamics as a whole was regarded as a purely mathematical subject with little application to real fluids. His work drew severe criticism from Osborne Reynolds, who, in Nature, on 15 September 1898, both disputed the conclusions reached and implied that he himself had anticipated many of the results in earlier work of his own. Hele-Shaw defended himself stoutly against his great antagonist, and his election as FRS the next year (1899) in recognition of this work shows that even at the time it was clear that Reynolds had underestimated both the value of the investigation and the extent of Hele-Shaw's contribution. In his whole career Hele-Shaw contributed more than a hundred papers, many of them of great importance, to various learned societies. He was awarded honorary degrees by the universities of St Andrews (LLD, 1897), Bristol (DSc in engineering, 1912), and Liverpool (DEng, 1931). Even when most absorbed in research Hele-Shaw took an interest in practical engineering progress. In 1896 the Locomotives on Highways Act opened an entirely new field to British engineering, and in the early years of the motor industry he was in touch with every problem that arose. He acted as judge in almost every trial, and the famous Liverpool trials on commercial motor vehicles in 1897 were organized by him. He invented a number of important devices, including a friction clutch which at one time was fitted to the majority of motor vehicles. Hele-Shaw drove his own Benz car in the days before the act of 1896, when it was obligatory for motorists to be preceded by someone walking before, carrying a red flag. Among Hele-Shaw's inventions in the field of hydraulics were his streamline filter, his hydraulic transmission gear—the first of a type which has since become very important—and his hydraulic steering gear for ships, together with several pumps and hydraulic motors. For the last thirty years of his life Hele-Shaw was engaged entirely as a consulting engineer, in invention, and in the exploitation of previous inventions. He had a flair for the commercial exploitation of his discoveries, some of which enjoyed a long life. With T. E. Beacham he introduced, in 1924, the first practical automatic variable pitch airscrew. At that time little advantage was obtainable from this device, but twenty years later it was essential for almost all fast aircraft. In later life Hele-Shaw took an increasing interest in the professional engineering institutions. He was president of the Institution of Automobile Engineers in 1909 and of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers in 1922. It may well be that his most important service to British engineering was his influence in introducing the national certificate scheme in 1920, which was organized jointly by the Board of Education and the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, through which a very large number of engineers were trained. He was a keen sportsman, a first-class player at golf and lacrosse, and a good mountaineer and yachtsman. He was a lively and humorous conversationalist, and an excellent speaker. He grew up in an age of vigorous scientific controversy, and he enjoyed it. In his old age he was sometimes thought to be intolerant of opinions which differed from his own, but he never failed in kindliness towards his juniors. Hele-Shaw retired to Ross-on-Wye in Herefordshire at the age of eighty-five and died there, at the Cottage Hospital, on 30 January 1941. From ODNB entry by D.G. Christopherson. He presented the Royal Institution Christmas lectures in 1902/3 on steam locomotion (Times 2 Janauary 1903).

Henderson, P.L.
Moved to Euston as technical assistant in CME's department (Loco. Mag., 1933, 39, 72): not mentioned by Cox or Langridge, but probably one of Coleman's contract draughtsmen.

Hennell, Frank
Some time Chief Assistant Locomotive Superintendent District Railway: see Locomotive Mag., 1914, 20, 316 Died at Kensington on 16 March 1936 in his 90th year. Formerly Assistant Locomotive Supt. of the Metropolitan Dis. Rly. at Lillie Bridge Works under George Estall. He commenced his railway career on the Great Western Railway and went with Martley to the London, Chatham and Dover Railway where one of his first duties at Longhedge Works was the conversion of the Crampton engines to normal types. He left the L.C. & D.R. to act as Locomotive Superintendent of the Thetford and Watton Railway. When this line was taken over by the Great Eastern Railway. Hennell was appointed assistant to Lord Eustace Cecil, then locomotive superintendent of the District. He retired from the service on the change over to electric traction in 1905. Obituary Locomotive Mag., 1936, 42, 132..

Henson, Henry Henson
Author of : On improvements in the construction of railway wagons. Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs., 1851, 2, 3-20 + 3 plates. 10 diagrs. and holder of several Patents. In 1841 Henry Henson Henson was a civil engineer in charge of the Camden workshops of the London and Birmingham Railway. When the L&BR became part of the L&NWR Henson continued to hold that position and in 1847 he was appointed head of the wagon department of the Southern Division. In 1855 he was charged with having sold items from the wagon store to private individuals between 1851 and 1855 but that the sums obtained had not been entered in the Company's accounts. Henson offered to resign but this was not accepted and he was sacked after an investigation found the charges upheld. He then moved to Watford and established 'The Patent Permanent Way and Waggon Company Office' in Westminster and continued to file patents. He became a 'pillar of society' and was heavily involved in planning and building a new parish church, St Andrews, to which he contributed substantial funds. Patent: GB 11361/1846 Railways and railway carriages. 14 June 1846. See also Mary Forsyth Henry H. Henson, Victorian railway engineer. LNWR Society publications: Premier News, 1993 March No. 89; Journal 1994, March, Vol. 1, No.2

Hertz, Albert H
Appointed locomotive superintendent of the Port T'albot Ry. and Dock Co., in 1905 following the resignation of W.J. Hosgood from the joint position of Engineer and Locomotive Superindent. (Loco. Mag., 1905, 11, 75)

Hext, Christopher J.
Son of a Newton Abbot engine driver. Apprenticed at Newton Abbot from October 1952, completed at Swindon in September 1956. Worked on bogie for City of Truro in 1957. See letter in Great Western Rly J., 2013, 11, 240; also article about his father.

Higgins, P.P.
Locomotive carriage & wagon superintendent Tralee & Dingle Railway then locomotive superintendent Cyprus Government Railways. Locomotive Mag., 1905, 11, 88-9. Appointed Superintendent of Railways of the Cameroons, West Africa, with control of the Locomotive, Traffic and Engineers' Departments. Higgins served as a pupil in the Inchicore Works of the Great Southern & Western Ry. from 1898 to 1901, and was Chief Draughtsman of the Loco. Dept. of the Dublin and South-Eastem Ry. from 1901 to 1903. He was appointed Locomotive Superintendent of the Tralee & Dingle Ry. in 1903, but left in 1004 to take up the position of Locomotive Engineer of the Cyprus Government Rys., which he left to take charge of the railways of the territory captured from the Germans in West Africa. Locomotive Mag., 1916, 22, 14

Hillier, J.T.
Works Manager at the time of closure in 1963. He had been a premium apprentice on the GER and was at Gorton from 1946. Notes that last locomotives to appear before closure were 92161 (light repair), 48520 (major service) and 27001 (major). The works were used for the development of the linear induction motor by Eric Laithwaite. Letter from son Backtrack, 1995, 9, 166..

Hird, Arthur  
Died on 6 June 1942, in his 88th year. Educated at Lancastrian School, Leeds, and received his technical training at Leeds Mechanics' Institute and Yorkshire College, whilst serving his apprenticeship at Hunslet Engine Co. Ltd. between 1869 and 1875. He was afterwards taken into the Drawing Office and was later made Chief Draughtsruan. Hird was keenly interested in the affairs of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers and was Hon. Secretary of the North Eastern Centre from 1925 to 1930. For his services and on his retirement he was made an Honorary Member in 1930. Comment on I Loco E Paper 271 Criticism of C.J. Allen paper.

Hirst, Archie John
Designer of the highly successful chevron rubber-to-metal bonded spring used in railway rolling stock, notably on the London Underground. At least 32 Patents. Friend of E.A. Langridge (Under ten CMEs 2 p.199). Discussion on ILocoE paper on air spring suspension see Voloume 53 page 563.

Hoare, Alfred Edwin
Works manager, Brighton Works at time of rebuilding Bulleid Pacifics In 1936 District Locomotive Superintendent at Bournemouth (Locomotive Mag., 1936, 42, 27). Eventually Mechanical Engineering Assistant, Chief Mechanical & Electrical Engineering Department, Southern Region.

Hoather, H.M.
Assistant Brake Engineer to be Brake Equipment Engineer of Westinghouse Brake & Signal Co., Ltd., Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1949, 55, 181

Hogg, John T.
Presumably locomotive superintendent Natal Government Railways in succession to G.W. Reid: assessed Reid's 4-10-2T in paper by John Hogg (Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs., 1905, 68, 369).

Hood, Alexander
Died on 15 September 1964 at the age of 64 years, served six years apprenticeship with the former Glasgow and South Western Railway, in both the Works and Drawing Office at Kilmarnock and at some of the Company’s Running Sheds. This was followed by two years in his father’s business where he gained practical experience in sheet metal work and in the production of welded tanks. He thereafter became a junior draughtsman with William Beardmore & Co. in their Locomotive and Road Rail Tractor Department. In 1924 he joined North British Locomotive Company as a Senior Draughtsman and later became a Leading Hand. During this period he played an active part in the design of The Royal Scot and the boiler and firebox of the Merchant Navy class locomotives as well as others both for home and overseas. He was Chief Draughtsman from 1944 to 1957 when he left to join the Railway Division of the Pressed Steel Company, where he was employed until the time of his death. He was elected an ILocoE Member in 1948 and was for a time an active Member of the Committee of the Scottish Centre. He became an Associate Member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers in 1942. ILocoE obituary. Presume that Langridge Under ten CMEs 2 p. 62 is in error for calling him "Andrew".

Hooper, George Ferdinand Glass
Died on 5 July at Bridport, aged 68, was Chairman of the Manila Railway and the Barranquilia Railway & Pier Company. For many years he was Chairman of Kerr, Stuart & Co., Ltd., which he established in 1894, he also founded the Peninsular Locomotive Works in India. Loco Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1932, 38, 265..

Horne, Frank
Chief Locomotive Draughtsman at Doncaster:: commented to Beavor p. 58 difficulty of designing rebuilds

Hosken, Arthur Fayrer
Died suddenly, after a game of tennis, on 4 June 1938, aged 69; elected Member I LocoE in 1928. Educated at Merchant Taylors' School from 1879 to 1885. Served engineering apprenticeship under William Stroudley on the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway at Brighton, between 1885 and 1890. He left the railway company in 1891 to become a draughtsman with Neilson and Co. of Glasgow, and, two years later, joined the Caledonian Railway as an assistant locomotive foreman and assistant locomotive inspector. He remained with this company until 1896, when he was appointed deputy locomotive, carriage and wagon superintendent. on H.E.H. the Nizam's State Ry., Secunderabad. He held this appointment until 1918, when he was made locomotive, carriage and wagon superintendent. Locomotive Mag., 1923, 29, 188 states succeeded in this post in 1923. He retired from this position in 1925 and came to England. For some years he had an office in Victoria Street from which he did a certain amount of agency work, but eventually settled at Hurstpierpoint. Short death notice in Locomotive Mag., 1938, 44, 231 states was at Stratford prior to Caledonian Railway. In group photograph (p. 153) see Locomotive Mag., 1923, 29, 150-1.

Houldcroft, Arthur Thomas
Born in 1866; died 9 February 1945. Amongst the earliest members of this Institution of Locomotive Engineers, being elected in 1916. He was educated at Clement’s .School, Nechells Park, near Birmingham, and served his apprenticeship with the Metropolitan Railway Carriage and Wagon Co., of Saltley, Birmingham, for seven years. He studied at the City and Guilds of London and obtained honours in mathematics and the silver medal for railway carriage construction. He became Chief Carriage Draughtsman on the L.S.W.R. in 1890, at Nine Elms and Eastleigh. At Eastleigh he lectured on Mechanics, Machine and Carriage Building. In 1894 he went to India as Deputy Carriage and Wagon Supt. on the B.B. and C.I. Rly., becoming Superintendentt. in 1896. In 1898 he went to the North Western Rly. of India as Carriage and Wagon Supt. until 1912, when he returned to England to join the Leeds Forge Co. as Asst. Manager of‘the Steel Coach Dept. In 1918 he transferred to Cammell, Laird and Co. as mechanical engineer, remaining with them until 1932. For two years he was engaged on revision of shops and lay-out on the Baroda State Rlys., and from 1934 to date was engaged as a consulting engineer.

Howard, R.
Appointed Chief Technical Engineer, Railway Division, British Timken Limited in 1949. See Locomotive Mag., 1949, 55, 168

Hubbard, Edward Parsons
Died 6 June 1962 aged 58. Served apprenticeship at Great Central Railway’s Gorton Works from 1918 to 1924 and after a year and a half spent in the Works of Beyer Peacock and Co., Gorton, he was appointed a draughtsman at the Trafford Park Works of Metropolitan- Vickers Electrical Co. where he remained until 1937. In 1938 he joined Metropolitan-Cammell Carriage and Wagon Co. Ltd., Saltley, as leading draughtsman, becoming in 1943 technical representative in Turkey. On his return to this country in 1944 he was appointed assistant works manager at Saltley. On leaving Metropolitan-Cammell Carriage and Wagon Co. in 1945, Mr. Hubbard joined the Brush A.B.O.E. Group in London and Loughborough as Chief Mechanical Engineer of their Traction Division, where he remained until 1951. He then was appointed Grade I Engineer in the Ministry of Supply and War Office where he was connected with the design and production of Service equipment. Obituary: J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1962, 52, 317...

Huddart, Alfred Harry
Died 28 October 1941, in his fifty-seventh year. Served his apprenticeship from 1901 to 1905 in the locomotive and carriage department of the North London Railway at Bow, on the completion of which he was appointed junior assistant engineer at the Willesden power house. He subsequently joined Messrs. J. Stone and Company, of Deptford, with which firm he remained for five years, until 1911. He then entered upon a period of service for three years with the Crown Agents for the Colonies, as resident inspection engineer. In 1914 he was attached to the R.A.S.C. with the rank of lieutenant; he was subsequently promoted to the rank of major and became assistant director of mechanized transport supply at London Headquarters, for which services he received the M.B.E. On his return to civil employment in 1921 he entered the service of the London County Council, and for a brief period held the position of superintendent of the ambulance service. The next three years were spent in India where he was controller of mechanical stores for the Great Indian Peninsula Railway at Bombay. On vacating this appointment in 1925 he resumed his duties with the Crown Agents in the same capacity as before, but in the following year he took up an appointment with the Egyptian State Railways, as manager of the carriage and wagon works. In 1933 he returned to England and went into practice on his own account as a consulting engineer at Newcastle upon Tyne. When war began in 1939, although fifty-four years of age, he volunteered for service with the Army and was restored to the establishment, his duties being those of an impressment officer and instructor in technical services.

Hunter, George
Received his early general and technical education at Dollar Academy, and the London, City and Guilds College. A five year apprenticeship from 1892 to 1897 was served with Stephen Clark & Co. , after which he joined the North British Railway as an assistant draughtsman. In 1899 he went to London, being engaged as a draughtsman on the Metropolitan Railway at Neasden, but left that appointment in 1902 to become a Resident Inspector in the Loco. Dept. on the London, Tilbury & Southend Railway, at Plaistow. In 1901, he was engaged by Sir A.M. Rendel, Palmer & Tritton, as an Inspector, and remained in their employ until his decease. Hunter was Resident Inspector in the Leeds district from before 1914 and had charge of the inspection of contracts for locomotive, carriages and wagons, cranes and machine tools, etc., which work was principally on account of the Indian Railways. During WW1 he was responsible for the inspection of very large numbers of locomotive wagons and, other material for the Ministry of Munitions and the War Office. He was esteemed by all those with whom he came in contact, not only for the soundness of the judgment and wide range of engineering kriowledge, but also for his tactful handling of the difficulties which arose from time to time when dealing with large and important contracts. He died in September 1936 aged 60. Obituary J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1936, 26, 833.

Hunter, T.B.
Locomotive superintendent of Wirral Railway in 1914: responsible for 0-4-4T No. 3 supplied by Beyer Pracock in 1914. LMS appointed him District Locomotive Superintendent at Brecon (Locomotive Mag, 1924, 30, 171)

Hutcheson, George Alan
At Derby Works in 1939: spoke in discussion on Ball's paper on The inspection of locomotives for repair (ILE paper 401)

Hyde, L.
Wor ks Supervisor at Springhead, Hull to be Works Manaager at Inverurie (Locomotive Mag., 1924, 30, 186). Former Works Manager Inverurie appointed Works Manager Cowlairs (Locomotive Mag., 1938, 44, 187).

Ikeson, William Charles
Technical assistant Iraqi State Railways. ILocoE Paper 516 Development of the oil-fired locomotive; also Patent GB 812,154/1959 Improvements in or relating to oil-fired locomotives and GB 746,840/1956 Improvements in water circulation of boilers

Ilbery, Edward Griiffith
Locomotive Superintendent Glasgow, Paisley & Greenock Railway. Drowned in a boating accident off Greenock on 6 June 1844 when aged 23. Grace's Guide and Hamilton. Caledonian Raailway locomotives: the formative years which includes photographs of memorial in Greenock.

Inglis, William
Born 10 May 1835, in Ottawa, Canada, of Scottish parentage, his father having settled in Canada about the year 1825. In 1852 Inglis was apprenticed to Gilbert, of the St. Lawrence Engine Works, Montreal, with whom he remained until 1856, when he came to Britain and joined R. Napier and Sons, Glasgow. Here he remained for two years, and during that time, he attended the Engineering Classes of Professor Rankine, at the Glasgow University. He left Glasgow in 1858 to join the locomotive works of Robert Stephenson and Co, of Newcastle-on-Tyne, and in 1860 he returned to Canada, where he was engaged for two years in designing and erecting machinery, including a walking-beam paddle-engine, fitted with Corliss valves, for the river paddle-steamer Montreal: Inglis superintended the building of the hull of the Montreal, the first iron passenger steamer built in Canada. In 1863 Inglis returned to England, opening an office in Edinburgh as a Consulting Engineer, and during his residence there he patented and erected an inclined water-tube boiler. In 1864 Inglis moved his offices to Manchester, and designed an improved type of Corliss engine, with which his name is closely and deservedly associated. The development of the Corliss valve and gear was mainly due to the Montreal and to Inglis. In 1861 J.F. Spencer, during a visit to Canada, met Inglis in the engine-room of the Montreal and was impressed with the efficiency of the Corliss valves and gear, and on his return to England patented what is known as the 'double-clip gear.' In 1862-64 two pairs of horizontal Corliss mill-engines, of 400 HP. each, and two high-speed Corliss vertical engines, of 100 HP. each, were started by Spencer at Bradford and Blackburn, fitted with the improved gear. This type of engine excited great controversy for many years, and its success, and almost universal adoption for large mill-engines, was greatly due to the energy with which Inglis upheld its advantages. During his residence in Manchester Inglis superintended the construction (on the Clyde), and shipment in plates to Canada, of several large steamers. In December, 1867, he was appointed the engineering manager of, and ultimately a partner in, the Soho Iron-Works, Bolton, Hick, Hargreaves and Co being the first firm to manufacture the Corliss engine in Britain under the Inglis and Spencer patents, and during the twenty-two years of Mr. Inglis’s management he perfected many improvements in Corliss engines. Nearly nine hundred Corliss engines were constructed at Soho for mills, etc, ranging in power from 50 to 10,000 HP., the latter for the London Electric Supply Corporation, to indicate 5,000 HP. on each crank. He was an earnest advocate of high piston-speed, and high steam-pressure, and in fact of all the features which mark the most advanced practice in steam engineering. He was equally capable in designing other classes of machinery. His name is also well known in connection with cold-air machinery for the imported fresh-meat trade ; and automatic Barring-engines for starting large engines. Inglis was quiet and self-possessed in manner, kind and considerate, especially to those over whom he had authority. As a technical witness he was invaluable, many a case had been won largely owing to his evidence. Inglis died on 22 April 22 1890, at his residence, Wilton Grange, Bolton. Internet 2012-07-24

Ivison, Michael Wheelwright
Edinburgh silk spinner who invented a smoke consuming furnace whereby steam was sprayed onto the burning coal. Patent granted 24 February 1838.

Surnames beginning letter "J"

Jackson, Harry Hughlings
Born in Auckland in 1860; died 18 October 1937. His father was Samuel Jackson, of Auckland, the senior partner in legal firm of Jackson and Russell. Educated at the Auckland College and Grammar School. After leaving school he was successful in passing both the junior and senior Civil Service examinations. Joining the Railway Department in October, 1876, he served his time in the Locomotive Department, and during his apprenticeship was for six months firing on locomotives, and subsequently was engine driving. After completing his indentures he was transferred to Addington Workshops, Christchurch, where he worked as a fitter for some months. He was then moved to Wanganui Workshops to fill a similar position, which he occupied for nearly three years, when he was promoted to the post at locomotive foreman. A year later, Jackson took charge of the Nelson section as acting district manager, and after four months he became locomotive foreman at Wellington. Subsequently he filled the position of relieving officer in the Locomotive Department on the Hurunui-Bluff sections, perfoiming varicas duties including those of foreman filter at Hillside Works for six months, and locomotive foreman filter at Dunedin and Invercargill. After this Mr. Jackson was successively acting district manager at Picton, locomotive manager and acting district manager at Napier for seven months, and again relieving officer, on the Hurunui-Bluff section. While on this section, he was entrusted with the special work of testing the storage qualities of all New Zealand hewn coals. In 1888 the subject of this notice was promoted to the position of locomotive engineer in Auckland. This he held till June, 1894, when he received his present appointment. Mr. Jackson was married in 1891 to the eldest daughter of Captain Worsp, of Auckland, and has one son. He has been nineteen years in the railway service, the whole of which time has practically been spent in the Locomotive Department.. Chief Mechanical Engineer New Zealand Government Railways from 1913?: succeeded Beattie (Loco. Mag., 1913, 19, 203). By 1921 was "late chief mechanival engineer" having introduced both own designs of Pacific and 4-8-0. Locomotive Mag., 1921, 27, 88-91,

Jamieson, Frederick
Died of pneumonia on 21 July 1922. Mechanical training on the Caledonian Railway at St. Rollox. From July 1902 to May 1805 he was an erector for the Natal Government Railway at Durbun, and in the same capucity with the North lBritish Locomotive Works from July to December 1905.In January 1906 he was appointed Assistant Locomotive Superintendent of the Great Southern of Spain Railway. In 1914 he was appointed Chief Mechanical Engineer of the Zaphra  and Huleva Railway in Spain. ILocoE obit.

Jarvis, Christopher Charles
Dynamometer car assistant at Darlington in 1933: I Loco E Paper No. 297. Also listed in Paper 441.

Jeffery, John
Manager of Brighton Locomotive Works undeer Stroudley. Cruttenden: Railway Wld, 1983, 44, 516

Jenkins, Richard
Locomotive Superintendent on Rhymney Railway from 1884, but only formally after retirement of Cornelius Lundie, and then only briefly before predeceasing Lundie. RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10

Jenkins, Richard Beauchamp Maunsell
Joined ILocoE in 1933 when described as Acting Deputy Transportation Superintendent Madras & Southern Mahratta Railway: the middle name "Maunsell" is interesting. He contributed to discussion on LMS diesel railcar. Author of book Curve surveying (Cleaver Hume, 1960)

Jenkinson, Sydney Dennis
Born at Wincobank in 1875, and received his technical training at Frith College and the Technical School, Sheffield. In 1890 he commenced his apprenticeship with the Yorkshire Engine Co., Ltd., with whom his father had been connected for many years as secretary. Through his energy and ability he rose to be Assistant Works Manager, General Manager and Secretary, and in 1921 was appointed to the Board of Directors. He died at his home in Wincobank on 29 August 1936. Obituary J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1936, 26, 655.

Jennings, David
Born 13 November 1873; died 28 May 1928. He was educated at the Friends' School, Rawdon , Yorkshire and served his apprenticeship at Tangye's Ltd., Soho Works, Birmingham, during which time he received a technical education at Tangye's Technical School. Leaving Birmingham he entered the Midland Railway Works, Derby, as a journeyman in 1897, and two years later became Assistant Foreman at the MR shops at Sheffield. In 1905 he went to South America and entered the Traction Dept. of the Argentine Great Southern Railway. In 1916 he became manager of the South American branch of Messrs. C.C. Wakefield & Co., Ltd., and eventually occupied a similar position with the same firm in Johannesburg, South Africa. ILocoE obituary Vol. 18.

Johnson, F.
Contributor to discussions at IMechE Newcastle meeting on coal burning gas turbines where he said that he was concerned with railway locomotives, steam, Diesel, electric, and so forth, and he wished to ask whether it was intended to use an electric drive for the locomotive. Furthermore, whether the locomotive was to carry a starting engine which he presumed would be petrol, whether it was to have cooling water which would possibly be circulated through another heat exchanger, and whether the driver would have to do the starting up. It appeared to be rather complicated as compared with a Diesel electric or a steam locomotive, and he wondered whether it would be possible to accommodate all those items on a locomotive chassis. Finally, he asked whether any complication was envisaged if the locomotive was stopped away from its shed At ILocoE meeting where Tuplin set out his design criteria: Johnson seemed to prefer narrow fireboxes and low boiler pressures. Joined discussion on Warder paper on electrication at Newcastle in 1951.

Johnson, Ralph
Civilian casualty during WW2 when aged 34 (obituary J. Instn Loco Engrs., 1940, 30, 425). Trained at Kerr, Stuart & Co. in Stoke-on-Trent where he became a locomotive draughtsman. Later worked in drawing offices of North British Locomotive Co. in Glasgow and at Vulcan Foundry, but joined Caprotti Valve Gear Co. as locomotive engineer in 1935 which position he held at time of his death. 

Johnson, William Beckett
Died at Timperley on 29 July 1902. Manager of St. George's Foundry (Richard Ormerod and Sons), Manchester. Prolific patentee.
GB 11740
Construction of locomotive-engines to be used upon rail or other ways, applicable to carriages used upon railways. 12 June.1847 (see also Locomotive Mag., 1903, 8, 372)
GB  12083 Locomotive, stationary and marine steam-engines.8 March 1848
GB 13410. Steam-engines; apparatus for generating steam; applicable to engines where other vapour or gases are used as the motive-power. 12 December 1850
GB 13959. Railways; apparatus for generating steam. 9 February 1852
Improvements in steam boilers and safety valves.1858
Improvements in raising and lowering trucks, carriages, engines, or other such railway appendages. 24 September 1857.
Improvements in the employment of gas for generating steam, and in engines connected therewith. 24 December 1858.
Grace's Guide and Woodcroft

Jones, John
Of Bristol: patented a totally balanced locomotive Albion built by Thwaites of Bradford. Jones is an elusive character: not in Ahrons, but possibly in Woodcroft:
GB 3484 Appplying the expansive force of air or steam upon a wheel, so as to be the first mover of machinery. 9 September 1811
GB 6300 Process for making malleable iron. 8 September 1832
GB 9116 Steam-engines: Obtaining power from the use of steam. 7 October 1841

Jones, John
Locomotive Superintendent at Cyfarthfa Collieries. Inventor of smokebox system see Locomotive Mag., 1900, 5, 195 and Patent CA 55391/1897

Jones, John Thomas
Elected ILE Member in 1931; born Crewe in 1888; served apprenticeship at Crewe North Shed, LNWR between 1903 and 1909. He attended the Mechanics’ Institute, gaining a number of certificates and prizes. For a few years he carried on as a fitter at the North Shed and, in 1915, was sent to the South Shed as Foreman Fitter. A year later he was transferred to the Works Drawing Office and put in charge of loco. experimental fittings. In 1922 he was made Chief Foreman of the Loco. Stores at Crewe Works and, five years later, transferred to Derby as Asst. Controller of Loco. Stores. In 1931 the control of the Carriage and Wagon Stores was put under the same organisation. Mr. Jones had a further change in 1934, when he was placed in charge of the Outdoor Section, L.M.S. Stores, stationed at Euston, and, in 1942, was appointed Head of Outdoor and General Stores Section, LMS, at Watford. He was a vice-president of the Crewe Engineering Society. Died 16 December 1943. Obit. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1944, 34, 208.

Joscelyne, A.H.
Appointed Deputy Locomotive Superintendent  North Western Railway of India: Locomotive Mag., 1917, 23, 87.

Surnames beginning letter "K"

Kalla-Bishop, Peter Michael
Born 1913. Letter from P.M. Bishop in Locomotive Mag., 1955, 61, 135 which stated that he was British Empire Agent for Franco-Crosti boilers set mind thinking and E.S. Cox British Railways standard steam locomotives confirmed it on page 115 that the P.M. Bishop was Kalla-Bishop: the author of at least two books on railways, Book entitked Future railways and guided transport published by IPC Transport c1973: reviewed by B.K.C. in Railway World, 1973, 34,171

Kembrey, Peter [Frederick Daniel Peter]
Died 25 August 2011 in a Nottingham hospital and had lived at Horsley Woodhouse. Had a degree and trained as an engineer at Swindon where he was encountered by A.E. Durrant. Remained at Swindon until 1967 when he moved to Derby.

Kemnal, James Herman Rosenthal
Born in London on 6 August 1864; died 8 February 1927), born James Hermann Rosenthal (he changed his name in 1915), was an English engineer and industrialist. He was educated at the University of Cologne and undertook an apprenticeship at the engineering works of the Belgian Railways before joining the Anderston Foundry Co Ltd of Glasgow. In about 1883 Kemnal joined the American boiler manufacturers Babcock & Wilcox and was soon running their London office. In 1891 a completely independent British branch of Babcock & Wilcox was founded and Kemnal became managing director, a post he held for the rest of his life. The company expanded rapidly and opened branches in France, Germany, Poland, Italy and Japan. He was knighted in the 1920 New Year Honours for his services to munitions production during WW1. Exploited steam at high pressure. Geoffrey Tweedale ODNB biography. Received by King of Spain when Bilbao locomotive works opened: see Locomotive Mag., 1921, 27, 114.

Kent, Gordon F.

Kershaw, John Williiam Greenwood
To be Deputy Chief Mechanical Engineer.(Brakes) of Westinghouse Brake & Signal Co., Ltd., Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1949, 55, 181

Kidd, John William
Died 10 September, 1952 in his eighty-first year was a former Director and General Manager of Metropolitan-Cammell Carriage & Wagon Company Limited. Mr. Kidd had a long and distinguished record of service in the Railway Rolling Stock Industry. He served his time in the Locomotive Works of the Great North of Scotland Railway at Kittybrewster from 1888-1893. After completing his apprenticeship, he went to the North British Locomotive Company as a draughtsman for two years, returning later to Kittybrewster where he became leading draughtsman. In 1900 he became works manager of a rolling stock firm at the Castle Car Works, Hadley, near Wellington, Salop and in 1905 he was appointed Works Manager of Kerr Stuart & Co. Ltd., California Works, Stoke-on-Trent. In 1914 he joined the Leeds Forge Co. Ltd., as Works Manager and remained with that Company until shortly after the 1914/1918 War, when he was transferred to the Bristol Wagon & Carriage Works Co. Ltd., as General Manager, on that Company being acquired by the Leeds Forge. He returned to Leeds a year or two later and became General Manager of the Forge upon its being acquired by Cammell Laird & Co. Ltd., in 1923. Chaired meeting of ILocoE Leeds Centre. Visit by ILocoE in 1927. When the Leeds Forge was closed down in 1929, after the merger of the rolling stock interests of Vickers Limited and Cammell Laird & Co. Ltd., Kidd was transferred to the headquarters of the Metropolitan-Cammell Company at Saltley and became Production General Manager on 1st November 1929. Having become General Manager of the Company on 1 January 1934, he was appointed to the Board on 21October 1942. During WW2 Kidd was responsible for the production of fighting tanks and radar vehicles'of which the Metropolitan-Cammell Company became the largest producer. In recognition of his unremitting energy in devoting himself to that task, he was awarded the O.B.E. in 1942. Mr. Kidd resigned his position as General Manager, owing to ill-health, in 1945, but retained his seat on the Board, and was appointed Consultant. He resigned from the Board on 18 May 1949. He had been a Member of the Institution of Locomotve Engineers since 1918. ILocoE obituary.

Kilduff, Joseph Ward
Born in Salford, Lancs., on 4 November 1923. His early education was obtained at Da La Salle College, Pendleton, Salford, and Manchester University, where he obtained his Engineering B.Sc. in December 1943. Called up in 1944, he became an air engineer officer, R.N. Demobilised in 1946, he served two years as a pupil in the LMS works at Horwich. He unfortunately met with a rnotor accident at Chester on 3 October 1948 and died the following day, aged 24. Obituary J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1949, 39, 112..

King, S.
In 1946 he changed from being Assistant to Chief Mechanical Engineer (General) to be Assistant to Chief Mechanical Engineer (Cost Control). He was a member of ILocoE from 1922 and died in 1967. He contributed to the discussion on Paper 348.

Kirk, C.B.  
Commenced railway service as a Pupil Apprentice in the North Eastern Railway, and subsequently appointed as a Locomotive Inspector. Prior to joining the service of the Great Central Railway as a Locomotive Inspector on 23 October, 1905, he had served with the Midland Railway in a similar capacity. He was appointed in charge of the Locomotive Running Shed at Northwich in December 1909, and subsequently occupied similar appointments at Leicester. and Wrexham. In 1923 he was appointed District Locomotive Superintendent of the Cheshire District of the LNER, with Headquarters at Wrexham. He was subsequently transferred in 1924 to Norwich, and in 1928 was transferred to a similar position in charge of the Manchester District. He retired on 30 June 1943 and died on 18 April 1950. I. Loco. E. obituary.

Kittoe, George Dominicus
Born c1829 died 22 October 1901. Took Peter Brotherhood as a partner in the engineering works at Compton Street, Goswell Road. In 1871 Kitto retired.

Knight, John Henry
Born in Webourn House, Farnham in 1853 and died in 1917. Built a fast small steam automobile in 1868 and was an early motorist (Fletcher and Grace''s Guide)

Surnames beginning letter "L"

Lamb, Roderick Malcolm Mortimer
Died very suddenly on 24 August 1964, after returning from the United States: was born in January 1909 and educated at Marlborough College. He received his early training at the Wolverton Carriage Works of the former L.M.S. Railway from 1927 to 1931 and was then appointed a draughtsman in the C.M.E.’s office, Derby. He then served as a foreman in the C. & W. Department at Bristol returning to Derby in 1936 where he served for a year in the Outdoor C. & W. Department and later for two years in Derby Carriage Works. While serving with the Forces in the 1939-45 War, he was awarded the M.B.E. (Mil.). He returned to railway service as General Assistant to the Carriage & Wagon Works Manager, Derby, and a year later, in 1946, became Works Manager, Gresham & Craven Ltd., Romiley, Cheshire, where he remained for three years. In 1949 he was appointed Assistant Inspecting Engineer, Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations, and in 1952 he was promoted to Inspecting Engineer. He was an engineer with wide experience, specialising in railway rolling stock including diesel electric locomotives and rail cars. Recently he had been selected for the inspection of the former in the United States where despite the differences in techniques he was able by his personality to obtain finished units to the requirements of his Principals while remaining on very good terms with the contractors. Lamb, who was an Associate Member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, was elected an Associate Member of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers in December 1962. ILocoE obituary

Lambe, Thomas Trajan
Educated at Cheltenham College and University College London. He was an assistant in the Locomotive Department of Rendel, Palmer and Tritton from 1927 until 1930 when he joined the East Indian Railway becoming Assistant Chief Controller of Standardisation of the Indian Railway Board. in 1937. After five years with the Supply Department of the Indian Government, he was transferred back to the East Indian Railway, returning to Rendel, Palmer and Tritton in 1948, subsequently representing them in USA, Japan, Iraq Jordan and Burma on railway problems. He was a partner in the firm from 1955 until 1967, when he retired to become a consultant. He was elected President of the Engineers' Guild in 1970, Lambe joined the IMechE in 1928 and was Chairman of the Greater London Branch 1970-71. ILocoE Paper 478 mainly on standardisation in India. Written communication on Cox's Paper 502 in which he was highly critical of Class 5 4-6-0 as being so similar to Class 4 4-6-0 and had a more restricted route availablity than Clan class 4-6-2.

Lambert, Charles Douglas
Chief Mechanical Engineer Kowloon Canton Railway (British Section): see Loco. Mag., 1916, 22, 189 and I Loco. E. records 1925.

Langdon, H.A.W.
Appointed locomotive superintendent Zafra-Huelva Ry., Spain in 1913 (Locomotive Mag., 1913, 19, 1). Langdon had been apprenticed toWeatherburn at Kentish Town, and in 1903 went to Venezuela as locomotive superintendent of the Bolivar Railway, from which he had resigned to move to Spain.

Lapage, Richard Herbert
Born at Leeds in 1849 and died at Walmer (Locomotive Mag., 1930, 36, 396) on 3 November 1930. He was apprenticed at the Sun Foundry, Leeds, of the Carrett, Marshall and Company who were constructors of locomotives and compound engines; he was locomotive superintendent of the Argentine Government Railways when revolution broke out in 1874, and he designed and built there an armoured train. He was later locomotive superintendent and permanent-way engineer for the Buenos Ayres and Campana Railway and engineer in London for the Argentine Government Railways, the Provincial Government Railways of Buenos Ayres (Buenos Ayres Western), and the Entre Rios Government Railways. He visited Australia several times in connection with the railway from Perth to Adelaide, and in conjunction with his firm, Worsdell, von Borries, and Lapage, he was the patentee of improvements in compound locomotives. In 1886 he designed the first compound goods locomotive built in Great Britain which was tried on the Caledonian Railway. Finally he practised for seven years as a consulting engineer until his retirement. Author of a Paper on Compound Locomotives read before the IMechE in 1889 and was actively engaged on railway work for many years. Patents; Means for effecting locomotion on steep inclines. GB 2208/1886 (mixture of clamps and hydraulic rams). 10 February 1886 Compound engine with Von Borries. USP 511581 26 December 1893. Swiss patent 5050/1892 Pipe coupling. USP 360229 29 March 1887. GB 4370/1885 He had been a Member of the IMechE since 1879, and he was also a Member of the Institution of Civil Engineers. IMechE obituary via Grace's Guide. See also Darryl Grant. R. Herbert Lapage a forgotten engineer and his locomotives. Backtrack, 2015, 29, 731. Locomotive Mag., 1914, 20, 133 notes a Lapage district locomotive superintendent of the L. & N. W. R., at Longsight, Manchester, had been appointed works manager at Atbara, on the Soudan Government Rlys. [KPJ: Lapage is ot an easy name to search, but at least one Lapage was a surgeon from Nantwich who practiced in Manchester: no initial is given in the announcement]

Lawson, John
Mechanical Inspector at Derby. Worked with John Powell. Interested in poppet valves.

Lawton, E.
E. Lawton, who joined the the Superheater Company in 1928, succeeded F.D. Playford as Sales Engineer of Locomotive Department at the end of 1949. Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1949, 55. 191..

Leclair (Le Clair), Louis Jean
Member Instn Loco. Engrs. Served his apprenticeship in the Locomotive Shops of the Caledonian Railway at St. Rollox and subsequently spent some time as Chief tester in the Engineering Dept. of . Guinness' Brewery, Dublin. He was appointed, thereafter, first as Works Manager and afterwards as Assistant General Manager of the Freinville Works of the French Westing- house Brake Co.  He returned to England and was for 14 years with G. D. Peters and Co., Ltd. During the 1914-18 war he was Manager of their Slough Works. He thereafter joined the Westinghouse Brake Co. He first handled their Vacuum Brake Dept., hut for many years contacted their numerous customers for Tramway, Diesel Rail Car, Diesel Locomotive and other brake business, travelling extensively throughout Europe as well as India and the U.S.A. Worked for Westinghouse. Portrait: Group photograph at Swiss Locomotive Works, Winterthur on 2 June 1930. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1930, 20, Plate (between pp 466-7) also in group photograph taken at Railway Centenary in Darlington: J. Instn Loco, Engrs, 1925, 15, 576 . Co-inventor of several Westinghouse patents relating to quick-release vacuum brakes   Retired from the position of Engineer with theWestinghouse Brake and Signal Co., Ltd. but hi's services were retained in a consultative capacity.A.G.T.C., M.l.Mech.E., M.l.Loco.E., M.lnst.T., A.M.I.E.E. Locomotive Mag., 1947, 53, 10,

Leech, Kenneth H.
Died 1995 aged 101 (NRM whixh notes that he was a significant railway photographer and contributor to railway literature). His name turns up in Newcomen Society Transactions. Chief Design Engineer (mentioned in that capacity in Locomotive Mag., 1947, 53, 78), to be Chief Mechanical Engineer.of Westinghouse Brake & Signal Co., Ltd., Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1949, 55, 181 Lived to be over one hundred and notable railway enthusiast who photographed several significant events. See Rogers: Rly Wld, 1978, 39, 431. Photographed with George Smith: see Rly Wld., 1989, 50, 233

Levick, John
Born c1840; died 1915. Metal spinner who studied French and was a musician. Patented drawbar with ball  bearing washers. Locomotive Mag., 1915, 21, 21. Graces Guide for dates and obituary.

Lewis, William
Patent: GB 2658/1913 Improvements in blast pipes or appartus for inducing draught for locomotives and similar built boilers

Lightburn, T.G.
Langridge Under ten CMEs: locomotive draughtsman at Crewe Works who worked with Beames, until Beames was moved to Derby under Lemon. Lightburn introduced to Langridge by Chambers who took Langridge to Crewe: Lightburn had been responsible for some of the work on the Tishy Prince of Wales.

Lindsey-Badcock, William Thomas
ILocoE membership listnotes his elevation to Member and being in Engineer's Dept. of Mid-Suffolk Light Railway.

Livens, Frederick Howard
Born in 1854; died at Droitwich on 30 October 1948. He was articled to  Marshall, Sons and Company, Ltd., of Gainsborough, in 1869 and, during his pupilage, gained a Whitworth Scholarship. After completing his training he spent a year in the firm's drawing office but left in 1876 to begin his long connection with Ruston Proctor and Company, and successors, Ruston and Hornsby, with the post of chief draughtsman. He became chief engineer in 1897, a director in 1899, and vice-chairman in 1929, retaining this last position until his retirement in 1931. During this long period he was concerned with the design and construction of a great variety of plant, though chiefly with steam and oil engines, pumping plant, and excavating machinery. During the war of 1914-18 he was responsible with his son, Captain Livens, D.S.O., for the invention and development of a flame thrower. His long association with the Institution dated back to 1890 when he was elected a Member. He became a Member of Council in 1921 and, after rendering valuable services on various Institution Committees, he was elected a Vice-President in 1929, in which office he continued to serve until 1936. He was elected an Honorary Life Member a year later. He was the author of a paper on Lincolnshire oil-engines (1920); and of another written in collaboration with W. Barnes on Recent excavator practice (also 1920). He was also a Member of the Institution of Civil Engineers and an honorary member of the Junior Institution of Engineers. He took a keen interest in local affairs, being Sheriff of Lincoln in 1901 and chairman of the Education, Drainage and other municipal committees. He was also a Justice of the Peace and served as chairman of the governors of the Lincoln Municipal Technical School from 1912 to 1931. Commented on Kitson Clark's paper on Kitson Still locomotive. Mainly via Grace's Guide.

Lloyd, Norman
Mechanical Inspector at Derby. Worked with John Powell.

Lockhart, M.
One of Bulleid's samll design team at Brighton: worked with or for C.S. Cocks: see Langridge V. 2 p. 111. Eventually in charge of Brighton drawing office according to Bulleid and responsible for Jarvis rebuilds.

Loney, H.E.
In group photograph (LMS Inspector) at handing over of first three Class 5 to LMS at Scotswood  in April 1935. Locomotive Mag., 1935, 41, 151.

Long, Charles
Locomotive Superintendent of Brecon & Merthyr Tydfil Junction Railway from 1873 until 1888. D.S. Barrie The Brecon & Merthyr Railway.  See also Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1931, 37, 55  RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10

Lowe, Arthur Courtauld Willoughby
Born in 1896; died on 3 February 1942 at the Julian Courtauld Hospital in Braintree (Obituary Locomotive Mag., 1942, 48, 23). Travelled almost every mile of Britsh railway and made many journeys to the Continent. See V.R. Webster Rly Wld., 1984, 45, 582 and text extracted from: graduate of and Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, with home at Gosfield Hall, Halstead, Essex. Joint founder of Locomotive Publishing Company with Bell brothers. Associated with Locomotive Magazine since its inception; was a frequent contributor (including Locomotives of the Great Eastern Railway and normally checked the proofs.: [also Norman Harvey Rly Wld, 1960, 21, 291]: became a pupil of Holden at Stratford Works in June 1889. After three years in the works he entered the drawing office; became Assistant to the District Locomotive Superintendent at Stratford in August 1898 and District Locomotive Superintendent at Norwich in July 1900. Left raiulway service in June 1914. Contributed to MacDermot's History of the Great Western Railway and a Railway Club paper on the Great Eastern Railway (Ottley 5774). Died 3 February 1942. See T.F. Budden's appreciation in Locomotive Mag., 1942, 48, 56. Also took photographs. McEwan called him an "eminent authority on locomotive history".

Lunt, Thomas
Born Manchester in 1889; died 24 March 1953. Educated at Manchester Grammar School. Joined London and North Western Railway in 1906 completing his apprenticeship at the Crewe Works in 1910. He gained further experience in locomotive design as a draughtsman with Nasmyth, Wilson & Co., the North British Locomotive Co. and Beyer, Peacock & Co. and for the last-named firm he became a leading. draughtsman. In 1933 he joined Caprotti Valve Gears and subsequently became their senior draughtsman and designer. In 1944 he joined Messrs Rendel, Palmer & Tritton as an engineer in their railway department and remained with them until his sudden death. Remembered for his kindly friendship no less than the steady and reliable advice which he always gave on the technical side. Had been a Member of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers since 1921. Obituary: J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1953, 43, 336..

Lynde, Gilbert Somerville
Born in 1891?; died 14 August 1954 (in his sixty-fifth year): educated at Sedbergh and received his engineering training in the Gorton works of the former Great Central Railway from 1906 to 1909. He joined the Public School Battalion of the City of London Royal Fusiliers in 1914 and in 1916 transferred to the Royal Engineers. By 1918 he had risen to the rank of Lt.-Col, RE, and was appointed to command the Railway Operating Division in France and Belgium, he later became Assistant Controller, Transportation (Maintenance) and was three times mentioned in Sir Douglas Haig’s Dispatches. He was demobilised with the Honorary rank of Lt.-Colonel in 1919 and was appointed as General Manager, The Superheater Corporation Ltd. He later became Chief Mechanical Engineer of the New Zealand Government Railways where he introduced larfe three-cylinder Beyer Garratt 4-8-2+2-8-4 locomotives (Locomotive Mag., 1929, 35, 6-9) and subsequently returned to England to join Armstrong Siddeley & Co, Coventry. During WW2 he served with the forces rejoining the Royal Engineers and transferred to REME on its formation. After the war he was engaged in the planning department of British Thomson-Houston & Co, Rugby where he remained until his last illness. Awarded OBE. Obituary J. Instn Loco. Engrs, 1954, 44, 448. David Jackson calls him one of Robinson's brightest young men and Brian Reed states may have been influential in making the 8K class the ROD statndard. Photograph Locomotive Mag., 1927, 33, 118

Surnames beginning letter "M"

McArd, George W.
Born in 1882. Notes on the design and construction of locomotives. 179 page teaching aid produced for advanced engineering students of Leeds Central Technical School in 1916, but containing later additions. McArd was employed at the Hunslet Engine Company Ltd., of Leeds. (National Archives). Chairman ILocoE Newcastle-upon-Tyne ILocoE centre discussion on Warder paper

MacArthur, William White
Manager of the Scotswood Works of Armstrong Whitworth . David Burke. When Armstrong Whitworth built for Australia. Rly Wld, 1987, 48, 583. Chaired meeting of Newcastle centre of Institution of Locomotive Engineers in 1936. In group photograph at handing over of first three Class 5 to LMS at Scotswood  in April 1935. Locomotive Mag., 1935, 41, 151.

Macaulay, Alfred William
Technical Manager Skefko Ball Bearing Co. Ltd. Luton; died 29 December 1923 aged 35. Appointed July 1921; formerly Chief Draughtsman from 1916.
: The endurance of ball bearings with particular reference to automobile practice, to the members of the Institution of Automobile Engineers; Ball and roller bearings; their design and performance", to the members of the Institution of Engineers and Shipbuilders in Scotland; Some developments in ball and roller bearing work, with particular reference to steel rolling mill plant, to the members of the West of Scotland Iron & Steel Institute; The elimination of power losses and other sources of waste in mines by the use of ball and roller bearings, to the members of the Institution of Mining Engineers; Developments of ball and roller bearings, to the members of the Birmingham Association of Mechanical Engineers.
In addition to his undeniable industry and talents Macaulay will always be remembered by his Colleagues and those with whom he came in contact during his business career by his unfailing good humour and kindly disposition. In spite of the handicap of chronic ill-health he always had a ready fount of quiet humour, which, together with his other qualities, endeared him to all. . See Locomotive Mag., 1924, 30, 37 modified with online SKF information

McCallum, Percy
518,507 Improvements in ejecting means for ashes and like materials from enclosed spaces such as smoke boxes. Thomas Wright Royle and Percy McCallum.  Applied 27 August 1938. Published 28 February 1940. Assistant Superintendednt of Motive Power Euston from 1936 (formerly Divisional Locomotive Superintendent at Crewe (Locomotive Mag., 1936, 42, 26)

McChesney, James
Died 30 November 1951 aged 55: served his appenticeship in the Queen's Park works of the North British Locomotive Company from 1911 to 1916 and obtained his technical education at the Royal Technical College, Glasgow, where he gained certificates in Mechanics and Mathematics. He joined the inspection staff of Messrs. C. P. Sandberg in 1921 transferring to that firm's Metallurgical Department in 1922 where his duties comprised the supervision of all work in connection with the Sandberg Sorbitic Process in the manufacture of railway rolling stock tyres at the various works throughout the United Kingdom. During WW1 he served with the Royal Naval Air Service. In 1942 he returned to the North British Locomotive Company as Manager of the company’s Hyde Park Works. He had been an ILocoE Member since 1924.

McColl, Alexander Lowe
Born on 10 June 1878; died 15 August 1962. Educated Kilmarnock Academy. Worked Glasgow and South Western Railway, Locomotive Department, 1892–1905; then joined Vacuum Oil Company Limited (see Locomotive Mag., 1920, 26, 20), 1905–59 (Sales Manager, Director, Deputy Chairman, Chairman, retired); Chairman and Director Lubricating Oil Committee, Petroleum Board, 1939–49; formerly Chairman Alley & Maclellan Ltd; formerly Chairman Superheater-Company Ltd; formerly Director Glenfield & Kennedy (Holdings) Ltd, Indestructible Paint Co. Ltd, Pilchers Ltd, Alley & Maclellan (Polmadie) Ltd, Glasgow. Chairman Committee of Aberdeen Fishing Industry 1950; President MacColl Society; Past President London Ayrshire Society. Visit to Argentina: Locomotive Mag., 1949, 55, 55.'

GB 175,799 Improvements in automatic couplings for railway, tramway and similar vehicles Applied 3 December 1920. Published 2 March 1922
GB 109,095 Improvements in and relating to elevated tracks or ways for supporting wheeled carriers. Applied 30 August 1916. Published 30 August 1917.
GB 168,815 Improvements in or relating to bogies for railways and the like vehicles Applied 5 January 1921. Published 15 September 1921

In charge of works at Newport of Newport, Abergavenny & Herford Railway. In 1860  rebuilt a Dodds 0-4-2 aas an 0-4-0ST. See Ahrons. Locomotive Mag., 1915, 21, 180

McKechnie, Robert
Born 20 October 1875. Early education at Cheltenham College and afterwards at University College, London. In 1896 he became a pupil of Dugald Drummond, spending three years in the shops at Nine Elms (L. & S.W.R.). He then went to the running department and was assistant shed foreman and foreman fitter until 1903 when he left the railway company and joined Messrs. Carruthers & Elliot engaged on inspecting railway material and rolling stock. Three years later he joined the Crown Agents for the Colonies, with whom he remained up to the time of his retirement in 1938. From 1906 to 1917 he was resident inspector in charge of a Midlands district in the Engineering Inspecting Department and came to head office in 1917. In 1922 he was appointed senior assistant engineer, E.I.D. After only a year's retirement he returned to his old duties due to outbreak of war and remained throughout, retiring a second time in 1945. He died in Northwood on 30 November 1949. Elected member ILocoE. in 1924. Obituary. J. Instn Loco. Engrs. 1949, 39, 584-5.

Maceroni, Francis
1788-1846. Soldier and inventor born in Birmingham. See J. Rly Canal Hist. Soc., 2010, 36, 88.

MacKeane, Robert
Chief draughtsman at Armstrong Whitworth . David Burke. When Armstrong Whitworth built for Australia. Rly Wld, 1987, 48, 583. In group photograph (but listed as McKean) at handing over of first three Class 5 to LMS at Scotswood  in April 1935. Locomotive Mag., 1935, 41, 151. 

Mackie, Steve
Locomotive draughtsman at North Britsh Locomotive Co.: see Langridge Under ten CMEs. Vol. 1 p. 106 where note  states that he was about 18 when Royal Scot being designed.

MacLeod, Alistair Balmain
Born in Harley Street, London in 1900: died in August 1990: son of a medical physician. Apprenticed under Lawson Billinton at Brighton Works from 1919. Between 1928 and 1934 he became Assistant Isle of Wight in charge (see Locomotive Mag., 1930, 36, 70) of overall operations thereon Loco. RIy Carr. Wagon Rev., 1934, 40, 287. notes his transfer to be Western Divisional Running Superintendent. Assistant Locomotive Running Superintendent Southern Railway (Locomotive Mag., 1936, 42, 71). He became known by some enthusiasts as Uncle Mac. Later became Stores Controller of the London Midland Region (Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1949, 55, 181 notes his transfer from Southern to London midland Region). During WW2 he assisted Ian Allan to start his publishing business and was the author of the McIntosh locomotives of the Caledonian Railway. In his autobigraphy Driven by steam Allan is both appreciative and slightly carping: senior SR officer [who] could get pretty stroppy when things did not please him. Basically he was a kind, decent chap of whom all his acquaintances and friends were very fond. He and his wife Winifred took us to a G&S production at the Rudolph Steiner Hall by the LM Region Dramatic Society and in the interval the news broke of J.F. Kennedy's assassination earlier in the day. The show was good, the occasion memorable but it was the only time in my 50-year association with ABMacL that he ever entertained me to anything. He was, of course, a Scot but generous of time and effort, a dyed in the wool enthusiast with tremendous skill at model-making, engineering and attention to detail and he was a great wit with the strongest driest sense of humour., C.J. Allen notes how he asswisted with the ABC series. (Railway World, 1967, 28, 474) See review of Macleod's other Island by Terry Hastings and Roger Silsbury by Phil Atkins in Backtrack, 2013, 27, 61. Appreciation by Ian Allan. Rly Wld, 1990, 51, 588. 

McNaught, William
Born Paisley on 27 May 1813, son of John McNaught: probable inventor of indicator; which son improved and modified: GB 127886/1850 Steam engines and apparatus for ascertaining and registering power of same (7 March 1850). Also patented a compound engine: GB 11001/1845 Steam engines (10 December 1845). Died in Manchester on 8 January 1881, but buried in Scotland.

McNulty, Dominic
550,411 An improved device for removing ash from the smoke box of a locomotive boiler. Dominic McNulty. Applied 12 January 1942. Published 6 January 1943.

Maconachie, J.C.
Based in Newcastle area of LNER. Contributed to discussion on ILocoE Paper No.  245 on Clayton steam railcars of which he was highly critical. Is he Ian C. Maconachie? Several photographs of Ian C. in Raised in steam: the Darlington Pupils Association

Mahy, G.R.
Author of paper on design of Derby diesel electric locomotives (Paper 598) and discussion participant at many ILocoE meetings. Asked K.J. Cook why Churchward produced both two and four cylinder versions mof same design and how valve events were established

Malcolm, Alan Colin Drummond
Inspector for Crown Agents: see ILocoE Paper No. 614

Mann, J.W.
Locomotive Superintendent of the Lynhn & Fakenham Railway: had been one of Fletcher's assistants on the NER. He was appointed in 1880 and remained until 1884 when he moved to Swedish and Norwegian Railways and then to a Brazilian railway where he died in 1894. Locomotive Mag., 1921, 27, 106.

Mannering, Smith
Chief Boiler inspector, LBSCR. Active in ILocoE affairs until the Grouping. ILocoE Paper 50 (Volume 7) and ILocoE Paper 79 (Volume 10)

Margery, Charles
Patent: GB 11216/1912. Improvements in or relating to feed-water heaters of locomotive boilers. Applied 11 May 1912. Published 6 March 1913. See also Locomotive Mag., 1921, 27, 118.

Marks, George Croydon
Born in Eltham, Greater London on 9 June 1858; died at Poole on 24 September 1938. He was one of the first Whitworth Scholars, he was educated at a private day-school in Eltham and at the Royal Arsenal School; his father William Marks had worked at the Royal Arsenal in Woolwich. He completed his education at King's College London. Noted by many as a disciple of Brunel, he joined Tangyes, whose works were closely associated with funicular lifts. Marks was appointed head of the lift department, in which role he was in charge of the installation of the Saltburn Cliff Lift. In 1880, he set up a private practice in Birmingham and in 1887 he formed a partnership with Dugald Clerk, forming the international intellectual property firm Marks and Clerk.The firm became big enough to move its headquarters to London in 1893, with branches in Birmingham and Manchester. Developing a number of cliff railways and steep-incline tramcar systems. Marks continued his engineering practise alongside his patent interests. This included a partnership from 1890 with Sir George Newnes, which also concentrated on cliff railways, including an early stage development of Babbacombe Cliff Railway. His Aberystwyth Claiff Railway is described by Mike Fell in Backtrack, 2019, 33, 209. In 1911 he set up an office in New York in conjunction with Thomas Edison. Marks was a member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers and an Associate Member of the Institution of Civil Engineers. In 1906, Marks was elected as Member of Parliament (MP) for the North-Eastern or Launceston Division of Cornwall in the Liberal landslide general election victory. He received a knighthood in 1911, served at the Ministry of Munitions during the First World War, and was awarded the CBE for work as a commissioner for the dilution of labour. He held his Parliamentary seat until it was abolished at the 1918 general election, when he was returned for the new Northern Division of Cornwall. He held that seat until his defeat at the 1924 general election. In 1929, he left the Liberals and joined Ramsay Macdonald's Labour Party. His almost immediate reward came when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Marks, of Woolwich in the County of Kent, becoming one of the first two Labour peers to be created. Marks continued his engineering and business activities. Grace's Guide

Marriott, Herbert
Died on 21 April 1921. Son of Herbert Marriott, C.B.E., Chief Goods Manager of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Rly., and was educated at Eccles Grammar School, afterwards training in the Passenger, Goods and Locomotive Departments of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Rly. He joined the Army in November, 1914, and served five years in France in the R.T.E. Establishment, rising to the rank of Major, being mentioned in despatches. O.B.E. (hlilitary). On demobilisation he was appointed Assistant to the Mechanical Engineer of the Manchester Ship Canal, which position he held at the time of his death. 'He was elected an Associate Member of the Institution Loco Engrs on the 12 April 1919. Book by him reviewed Loocomotive Mag., 1908, 14, 184

Marsh, Gerald Cranton
Born in Crewkerne on 22 November 1903. Manager, Gresham & Craven Ltd; formerly Chief Draughtsman.
Recent developments in vacuum brake equipment. J. Instn Loco Engrs, 1952, 42, 95-134. Disc.: 134-70. 48 figs.(Paper No. 510)
GB 447 118 Improvements relating to the brake mechanism of railway vehicles. with James Neville Gresham, Applied  7 November 1934

GB 481 314 Improvements relating to vacuum brake apparatus for railway and like vehicles. with James Neville Gresham and Conway Arnold. Applied 9 December 1936. Published 9 March 9 1938.
GB 489 389 Improvements in and relating to vacuum operated braking systems. with James Neville Gresham, Applied 23 February 1937. Published 26 July 1938.
GB 612 744 Improved means for securing piston rods in vacuum brake pistons. Applied 31 May 1946. Published November 17 1948:
GB 768 386 Improvements relating to automatic couplers for railway and like vehicles. with Eric John Wilson, (English Steel) and John William Greenwood Kershaw, (Westinghouse Brake & Signal) .Applied 16 November 1954. Published 13 February 1957.
GB 713 971 Improvements relating to liquid elevating apparatus actuated by gaseous pressure. Applied 13 December 1951. Published 18 August 1954

GB 811 799 Improvements in or relating to compressor or exhauster drives. with Ian Pearson Hunter. Applied 11 July 1956. Published 15 April 1959:
GB 834 918 Improvements relating to vacuum operated braking apparatus. Applied 15 January 1957. Published 11 May 1960.
GB 844 489 Improvements relating to vacuum brake cylinders for railway vacuum braking systems. with Girling Ltd and Geoffrey Carl Jackson. Applied 20 January 1958. Published 10 August 1960
GB 917 390 Improvements relating to railway vehicle vacuum braking apparatus. Applied 9 October 1959. Published 6 February 1963
Marsh also chaired many meetings of the Manchester Centre of the ILocoE.
Contribution to discussion on Topham ILocoE paper

Marten, Ernest William
Discussion on Shields paper on valve gears. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1943, 33, 449.
Patents: (all with Associated Locomotive Equipment)
GB 747,865 Improvements in valve gear for fluid pressure engines Applied 16 March. 1953. Published 18 April 1956.
GB 683,424 Improvements in transmission gearing for use on locomotive engines Applied 26 April 1950. Published 26 November 1952.
GB 631,895 Improvements in valve gear for reversible steam engines. Applied  19 May 1947. Published 11 November 1949.
GB 619,287 Improvements relating to the cylinders of locomotive engines. Applied:: 29 November 1946. Published 7 March 1949.

Martin, Peter John
Death occurred 7 November 1968 at age of fifty years. He served his apprenticeship at Eastleigh Works, Southern Railway, from 1935 to 1939 and on the outbreak of the Second World War joined the Royal Engineers Transportation Branch and served in France, the Middle East and Greece. At the end of WW2 he became Deputy Assistant Director of Transportation in Greece and was later appointed Railway Mechanical Engineer of the Anglo-American Economic Mission to Greece. In 1946 he was seconded to the Foreign Office as the Railway Member of the British Economic Mission to Greece and a year later became Senior Mechanical and Operating Officer, Military Railways. During his career in the services, which ended in 1948, Mr. Martin was mentioned in despatches and attained the rank of Major. In 1948 Mr. Martin was appointed Trading Sales Manager, Brush Electrical Engineering Co. Ltd. and of the subsidiary Brush Bagnall Traction Ltd. and assumed responsibility for all diesel electric locomotive sales and contracts. In 1952 Mr. Martin was appointed Chief Mechanical Engineer, Jamaica Government Railway which position he held until 1957 when he joined the English Electric Company’s Traction Division becoming the Home Sales and Contracts Manager in 1963. During his service with English Electric he was responsible for that Company’s motive power contribution to the Modernisation Programme of British Railways. Martin was elected an Associate Member in 1947 and transferred to Member in 1952. Obit. J. Instn Loco, Engrs, 1968, 58, 298-9..

Mason, Thomas
Locomotive Superintendent of Brecon & Merthyr Tydfil Junction Railway from 1869 until 1873 (RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway. Part 10 states resigned November 1871 and was also ex-Furness Railway. . D.S. Barrie The Brecon & Merthyr Railway.  See also Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1931, 37, 55

Mayo, Charles Robert
Fox and Mayo, Consulting Engineers. Elected Member ILocoE in 1934. (Locomotive Mag., 1934, 40, 166).

Medley, John E.
In charge locomotives on Felixstowe Railway (Locomotive Mag.,  1935, 41, 382); then, of Neath & Brecon Railway locomotives between 1879 and 1882. RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10

Mear, Herbert William
Works Manager. Swindon in 1967: Author of paper on design of Derby diesel electric locomotives (Paper 598)

Mills, G.S.
Draughtsman who represented Southern Region on Harland's standardization committee. E.S. Cox British Railways standard steam locomotives

Mitchell, George
Died Windsor on 20 March 1936. Associated with Vacuum Brake Company, Ltd., for fifty-four years. He was born at Eton in 1858, but lived for the whole of his life at Windsor. In 1872 he was apprenticed to W.G. Beattie, and served in the Nine Elms works of the London and South Western Railway. He afterwards entered the locomotive drawing office. In 1882 he joined the Vacuum Brake Company as a draughtsman. He became assistant manager in 1893, and was promoted to be manager in 1897. In 1911 he was appointed a director. Subsequently he became managing director, and occupied this position until his retirement in 1929, after which he retained his seat on the board until his death. Mitchell devoted a great deal of his time to municipal affairs. He was Mayor of Windsor in 1901, and was senior alderman at the time of his death. He was elected a Member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers in 1898, and served on the Committee of Management of the Benevolent Fund from 1915 until 1920. He rendered valuable assistance to the Institution whilst serving on the Summer Meeting Committee in 1910, when the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, the guests of the Institution, visited Windsor.

Mitchinson, Herbert William
Member ILocoE. Worked for East and West Yorkshhire Union Railway at Robin Hood, Wakefield. ILocoE Paper 72a

Molyneux, Arthur Henry
Chief draughtsman at Robert Stephenson & Co. Lived in Darlington.
Patent GB 351,746 Improvements in or relating to Walschaerts' Valve gear. Applied 3 July 1930; published 2 July 1931

Mordue, Matthew
In charge of locomotives on Rhymeny Railway from early 1862, but his powers seem to have been limited as first proper Locomotive Superintendent was John Kendall. RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10 . .

Morgan, Henry Frederick Stanley
Born in Moreton Jeffries Rectory, Stoke Lacy, Herefordshire, in 1881, where his father, Prebendary H. George Morgan, was the local curate. He attended Marlborough School but suffered from poor health possibly caused by malnutrition and was withdrawn by his parents and sent to Italy to recover. On returning he went to the Crystal Palace School of Engineering in Sydenham London and then joined the Great Western Railway as an apprentice. It was during this period that he survived a brake failure while driving a hired 3½ hp Benz on a 1 in 6 gradient between Bromyard and Hereford. He left the GWR in late 1904 and with his friend Leslie Bacon opened a motor sales and servicing garage in Malvern Link in May 1905 with agencies for Darracq and Wolseley cars. In 1908, he bought a 7 hp (Peugeot twin cylinder engine intending to build himself a motor cycle, but changed his mind and used it to power his first car, which he made in 1909 with help from William Stephenson-Peach, the father of friends, and the engineering master at Malvern College, where Morgan was allowed use of the well equipped workshop. The three-wheel car had a backbone chassis, one seat, and coil spring independent front suspension, unusual at the time.With financial help from his father and his wife the car was put into production at premises in Malvern Link adjacent to Chestnut Lodge, the house his father had bought him, and three single-seaters exhibited at the 1910 Motor Show at Olympia in London. In spite of great interest being shown, only a few orders were taken, and he decided that a two-seater was needed to meet the market demands. This was built in 1911, displayed at the 1911 Motor Cycle Show. Morgan spawned two seats and a steering wheel, and a year later the Morgan Motor Company was formed. Reliability was the key issue in ensuring the success of the car at a time when cyclecars, often of simple construction, were keenly sought after. Morgans were successful in motor sport, their first awards being a gold medal in the 1911 London-Exeter-London Trial; a Morgan won the first Cycle car meeting at Brooklands in 1912 and the following year took the coveted Cyclecar Grand Prix at Amiens in France. Even when such small cars as the Citroen 5hp and later the Austin Seven virtually made the cyclecar market redundant, Morgan survived owing to its sporting potential, quality and modest price. Growing development of the Morgan saw its first four-wheeler introduced in 1936. hree-wheelers soldiered on in production throughout the 1930s, and in 1939 the last of the V-twin models was produced. Among the most successful of these was the Super Sport, and even after the cessation of WW2 a dozen cars were built up from parts in stock at the factory. The very last Morgan F-Type was built in July 1952. HFS had been chairman from 1937 until his death in 1959 when.his son, Peter, born 1919 took over control. In part Wikipedia; iin part Malcolm Bobbitt Archive, 2020 (105), 28

Morgan, Henry John
Born in 1880, was elected an Associate Member in 1922. He served his engineering apprenticeship as a shipbuilder at Milford Haven and also Glasgow, with J. Binnie and Co., Clyde Engine Works. For a time he was with Vickers, Sons and Maxims, but in 1900 decided to go in for locomotive work and joined the Lancashire and Yorkshire Rly. Co., at Lostock Hall Shed, as a fitter. He became leading fitter and was later moved to Hellefield (L&YR) as Locomotive Foreman. In 1927 he was Running Foreman, LMS, at Hellefield, and two years later was transferred to Toton, where he remained until he retired in September, 1941. Mr. Morgan was a very good mechanic and a good railwayman. He died on 17 January, 1942. Obituary: J. Instn Loco. Engrs, 1942, 32, 46.

Morgan, R.E.
Author of significant ILocoE Paper 523, but minute amount of information about the man other than the work was performed at the Rugby Test Plant under Carling and that it was by a Graduate Member who presumably took his talents to more profitable areas.

Morris, Herbert
Born in 1884; died in 1931. Crane manufacturer of Loughborough. On death of Herbert, firm succeeded to son Frank. Manufactured and developed Bretland track layer for LNER, Southern Area and later for North Eastern Region of British Railways. See Wikipedia and Tatlow Backtrack, 2019, 33, 70

Morris, Norman Huson
Died 2 February 1963, aged 76. Until his retirement he had served the J. Stone Group for 50 years, having  joined J. Stone & Co. Ltd in 1907. He was made a Director in 1930. On the formation of J. Stone & Co. (Holdings) Ltd in 1951 he was appointed to the Board of the Holdings Company and also to the Board of J. Stone & Co. (Deptford) Ltd, which positions he held until he retired. Educated at Charterhouse, he subsequently served an apprenticeship for five years at the Stratford Works of the Great Eastern Railway. After joining J. Stone & Company Limited he travelled extensively to South America where his efforts met with considerable success and led to his being in charge of the Company’s sales activities in this area, as well as, at a later date, the Middle East and ex-Colonial Africa. During WW1 he served with the Wiltshire Regiment in India. He was a man of outstanding integrity and character, He was always particularly interested in the careers of the junior members of his staff, as well as in the welfare schemes, of which he was an active committee member, for the Company’s employees. He devoted much time to voluntary work and for 20 years was associated with the Royal Hospital and Home for Incurables, Putney, first as a Member of the Committee and latterly as Chairman of the Governing Body. He had been a Member of the ILocoE since 1935. Obituary: J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1962, 52, 656..

Mountford, Eric R.
Born in Swindon into a family which worked in the carriage works, but was apprenticed in locomotive shops (see Swindon GWR reminiscences). During apprentice days he enjoyed many footplate trips on trial running. On completion of apprenticeship he was sent to South Wales to work in the drawing office in Newport Docks. Contributed to Railway World

Mulvany, Patrick (Paddy)
Chief draughtsman at Inchicore see Sean Day-Lewis Bulleid: last giant of steam (page.273)

Munns, F.
Loco. Works Manager, Southern Ry., Eastleigh. Loco. Mag., 1940, 46, 302 F. Munns has been appointed Works Superintendent at Eastleigh. He was formerly Works Manager at Ashford Locomotive Mag., 1942, 48, 83.

Surnames beginning letter "N"

Napier, James Murdoch
Born on 26 July, 1823, a son of David Napier, of Lambeth, well known as an inventor and constructor of printing-machines. Died at his residence adjoining the works in Lambeth on 23 March, 1895. In 1837 Napier entered his father’s works in Lambeth, where he became a skilled workman and draughtsman and soon displayed considerable capacity for original design. He assisted in the construction, in 1841, of the first steam-power gun-finishing machinery used at Woolwich,l and, in 1844, of an hydraulic traversing-frame designed by I.K. Brunel for the Bristol terminus of the Great Western Railway.  He then erected for Brunel an hydraulic trarelling-crane in the locomotive works at Swindon and assisted in erecting an hydraulic lift for trucks at Bristol. In 1847 was taken into partnership by his father, the firm from that time being known under the style of David Napier and Son and concentrated on printing  and weighing machinery, especially for the Royal Mint.

Nash, Albert Henry
Commenced apprenticeship at the Great Western Railway works, Swindon, in May, 1892. He was appointed Assistant Analytical Chemist in June, 1899, and was subsequently transferred to the Drawing Office in 1904. He became assistant locomotive works manager (Metallurgical) in 1910. In June, 1912 he was appointed deputy locomotive superintendent of the Federated Malay States Railways and later obtained a post as superintendent engineer at a Portland Cement works in British Malaya. Early in 1916 he joined the Royal Navy, and upon demobilisation he was for a period in Sheffield with J.J. Saville, Ltd., at Triumph Steel works. In 1920 he joined the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway company, and in 1924 was appointed chief wagon foreman at their Newton Heath works. In June 1928 he became leading draughtsman. On the closing of Newton Heath Carriage and Wagon works in 1932, he was appointed resident mechanical engineer on the M. & G. N. Joint Railway, with headquarters at Melton Constable, and on the transfer of this line to the LNER in 1937 he was appointed first assistant to the works superintendent at Derby Locomotive works, and in July, 1942 he was appointed assistant works superintendent, from which post he retired on 30th June, 1945. He devoted most of his spare time to social services connected with the "railway." The Sports Club, the Ambulance Corps, the Foreman Association, etc., as well as lecturing at the Derby Technical College and being an active member of the Derby and District Supervisors Discussion Group. He died on 28 February 1948? in his 70th year. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1947, 37, 548,

Nash, William Robert Thomas (Tom)
Born in Highworth near Swindon in 1869, son of Thomas Nash and his wife Mary. In 1901 inspector engineer mechanical, living in Sheffield, with Alice M Nash and children. In 1902 Took over the testing works from his father and became managing director of the Sheffield Testing Works. On 8 April 1910 died in Sheffield., He was elected a member of the Iron and Steel Institute in 1905. In that year he acted as a member of the Reception Committee during the visit of the Institute to Sheffield.

Neale, Deodatus Hilin
Born Kingswear, Dartmouth, on 5 September 1849: eldest son of William Johnson Neale, barrister-at-law and Recorder of Walsall. Educated at King’s College, London, and in Germany, he became a pupil in the office of William Dredge, of Buckingham Street, Adelphi, engineer and bridge designer. In October 1868 articled to William Adams, then Locomotive Superintendent of the North London Railway, and served his time in the workshops and drawing-office at Bow. On the appointment of Adams as Locomotive Superintendent of the Great Eastern Railway, Neale followed Adams to Stratford and remained there until August, 1871, when he was appointed Chief Draughtsman in the Locomotive Works of the Monmouthshire Railway at Newport. After holding that post for about four years he entered in the spring of 1876 the Hyde Park Locomotive Works of Neilson and Co at Glasgow and in the following year conducted some elaborate brake trials at the Cowlairs Works of the North British Railway Company. He was then for a few months in the service of the Westinghouse Brake Co and from 1878 to 1881 was again in the Locomotive Works of the Great Eastern Railway Company at Stratford. Early in 1882 Neale was appointed Assistant Locomotive Superintendent to the Cape Government Railways, which post, however, he resigned in the following year in order to represent The Engineer at the Chicago Exposition of Railway Appliances. In November, 1883, he settled in New York as Joint Editor of the Railroad Gazette, one of the principal railway organs in the United States Died 5 April 1893 At Stratford he was partly responsible for the design of the first British 2-6-0; and was probably a major influence on the Westinghouse brake being adopted by the GER.. Wilson, E.H. William Adams (1823-1904). Trans. Newcomen Soc., 1985, 57, 125-46. Disc.: 147-8. Mostly ICE obituary. See also Locomotive Mag., 1935, 41, 367 which inserts an O'Neal into his name (not in obituary).

Neath, Walter James
Patent: GB 27133/1907 A spark arrester and draught regulator for locomotives and like engines. Applied 7 December 1907; published 26 March 1908. Neath was a foreman in the locomotive department at the Royal Arsenal in Woolwich. Locomotive Mag., 1921, 27, 257.

Neil, James
Inventor of rocking grate: patent GB 1418/1897 Improvements in rocking and dumping grates. Applied 19 January 1897; published 27 November 1897.
In business with his sons at Grange Works in Shettleston, Glasgow
Sons: John Maclean Neil and James Stephen Neil
GB 21574/1912 Furnace bridges. John Maclean Neil. Applied 23 September 1912; published 31 July 1913
GB 8223/1913 Improvements in or connected with furnace grates of steam generators and the like. Applied 8 April 1913; published 8 April 1914.
See Locomotive Mag., 1937, 43, 131

Newsome, Norman
Probably born in 1904 (aged 16 in 1920) when apprenticed as a fitter at Doncaster Works, but became a draughtsman and studied at Doncaster Technical College. working under Frank Day on Gresley's carriage & wagon work, from 1927 at King's Cross. He worked on the rolling stock for the streamlined trains and was present on the 126 mile/h record run. Thompson moved him to Stratford as Assistant Works Manager of the Carriage & Wagon Works, then moved to York, then to Doncaster as Thmpson's C&W Assistant, then to Stratford as Works Manager which involved the acceptance of the 1500V dc multiple units. He retired from BR as Mechanical Engineer for Carriages & Wagons. Paper:
The development of L.N.E.R. carriage and wagon design, 1923-1941. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1948, 38, 420-73. Disc.: 473-85 + 8 folding plates. (Paper No. 477)
Michael Harris: 'I worked with Gresley and Bulleid'. Steam Days,  1996, 304.
Interview with Normsn Newsome
Rolling stock: paper presented at Junior Institution of Engineers Symposium see Locomotive Mag., 1948, 54, 58.

Newsum, Edgar Alan
Died 25 April 1963. Joined LNER on 23 April 1923, at Doncaster Locomotive Works, where served an apprenticeship. In December 1931, became Progressman in the Carriage & Wagon Department at Doncaster, and later became an Assistant to the Works Manager. In March, 1933 he was transferred to position of Assistant Foreman at Kings Cross, and in 1934 was appointed foreman there. In November 1936 was promoted to District Carriage & Wagon Foreman at Neasden, and continued in that capacity until March 1961, when he was appointed Assistant District C. & W. Foreman at Kentish Town. In September 1961, he was transferred to the position of Assistant District C. & W. Foreman at Manchester Victoria, and remained in that post until his death. Obituary: J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1963, 53, 135.. .

Nicholson, Sir John Rumney
Born in Langwathby, Cumbria, on 25 March 1866 and died in Keswick on 22 November 1939. Educated at St Bees School and trained with Black, Hawthorn & Co, Gateshead. In 1888-9 was in charge of erection of Pangdon Dene power station, Newcastle. In 1889 appointed assistant engineer of the Quebrada railway and copper mines, Venezuela; in 1891 became CME, also CME of the South Western Railway of Venezuela. In 1895-9 designed locomotives and rolling stock for the Port Talbot Railway & Docks and was resident engineer of the graving docks at Port Talbot. After work on docks at Singapore he returned to England in 1919, having been awarded the CMG in 1913. and KB in 1919. He was then chief engineer for docks on the NER and, following the grouping on he held the same position on the LNER until he retired in 1927. Marshall..

Nutt, Henry John Barrington
Works Manager Wolverhampton in 1960; then in charge of carriage, wagon & outdoor machinery on Scottish Region (1965)

Surnames beginning letter "O"

O'Callaghan, J.P.
Water sofening expert see ILocoE Paper No. 12

Oliver, Ralph
In charge of locomotive stock on Rhondda & Swansea Bay Railway between December 1892 and 1895 and again from 1899 until the line was absorbed by the GWR in 1902:  RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10

O'Neil, Terry
Served his apprenticeship at York Road works of the NCC. In charge of apprentice training at Crewe. Very good modelmaker of steam locomotives. See Backtrack, 2011, 25, 454 for autobiographical article written by Edward Talbot. .

Onions, Fred (Alfred or Frederick?)
According to Langridge (page 116 not in index!) Onions was Crewe trained draughtsman, Whitworth Scholar and Moon Scholarship winner and worked with Hudd in a little laboratory at Bow on the ATC (AWS) installed on the Tilbury section. He was later moved to Derby. On page 211 it is noted that he dreaw up headlight arrangement for Royal Scot's American visit..

Opie, Reginald
Graduate apprentice at Gorton Works, Great Central Railway in 1919 when briefly? member ILocoE. Published O.P.I.E. ratings of many British locomotives in Locomotive Magazine, 1948, 54, 153  in Post-WW2 period

Ormrod, Alfred Smithells
Born on 6 July, 1891, and educated at Boys' Old School, Horwich, and Bolton Secondary School and Horwich Mechanics' Institute. In 1907, he became a premium apprentice in the Lancashire and Yorkshire Locomotive Works at Horwich, and soon after, completing his time, went as assistant locomotive shed foreman, Colne locomotive sheds. For a time he was in the locomotive drawing office at Horwich, and then became an inspector of Physical Tests of purchased material for the Lancashire and Yorkshire and L.N.W. Railways. During WW1 he was attached to the light railway workshops in France, and on the Amalgamation was transferred to Derby in the Central Material Inspection Bureau, which post he held until he left the railway company to enter the family business of Oliver Ormrod Ltd., Birtle Bleachworks, near Bury, as a director in 1929. In that year he was elected a full Member of the Instution of Locomotive Engineers. Whilst at Horwich, he was at one time a teacher of mechanical engineering at the Railway Mechanics Institute. He was also a Member of the Institution. of Engineering Inspection. He died on 11 December, 1947. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1947, 37, 549,.

Osborne, George
1858-1927. Latterly Locomomotive Shed Superintendent at Sunderland. Retired 30 November 1923. Had worked at Stockton and Tweedsmouth and in Gateshead Works of the North Eastern Railway. Letter by Peter Willey: Steam Wld, 2010 (280), 50.

Owen, George C.
Locomotive Superintendent of Brecon & Merthyr Tydfil Junction Railway from 1888 until his death on 18 April 1909: his decapitated body was found on the line near his residence.. D.S. Barrie The Brecon & Merthyr Railway.  See also Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1931, 37, 55.  RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10

Surnames beginning letter "P"

Pargiter, Gordon M.
Elected an I. Loco. E.  Member (from Obituary) in 1924: perhaps best remembered in the north-east as a very efficient honorary secretary of the Newcastle-on-Tyne Centre, a position which he filled successfully from 1938 until the time of his death. It was largely through his untiring efforts that the Newcastle Centre was kept together, a task by no means easy, covering as it did a very large district. He read three Papers to members of the Institution: "Economics of Locomotive Running Shed Organization and Administration" and "Economical Locomotive Running Shed Operation" in 1938; and "Modern Locomotive Running Shed Practice" in 1940. He began his training with the North-Eastern Railway Company in 1910 as a pupil of Sir Vincent Raven, afterwards being appointed Inspector in the Divisional Locomotive Superintendent's Office, Gateshead, and subsequently Mechanical Foreman at Sunderland Depot. From 1915 to 1920 he served with the Forces at Salonika and various other places with the Royal Engineers. On returning to civil hfe in 1920 he was appointed Locomotive Shed Foreman at Sunderland. In 1924 he was appointed Locomotive Shed Foreman at Percy Main which, in those days, controlled the sub sheds of Blyth and North Blyth, his next position being that of Assistant Locomotive Shed Superintendent, Heaton, from which post he passed to that of Shed Foreman, Borough Gardens. In 1942 he was attached to the District Locomotive Superintendent's Office, Darlington, in connection with various locomotive running enquiries, and in 1948 he was appointed Chairman of the Locomotive Depot Analysis Committee for the North-Eastern Region of British Railways, which post he held at the time of his death, which occurred very suddenly on 19 February, 1950. Noted the efficiency of drum brakes on light diesel electric railcar see J. Instn Loco Engrs., 1935, 25, 364 Member of Darlington Pupils Association from 1922 and in group photograph at 1946 Dinner Raised in steam

Parker, G.F.
Author of ILocoE Paper 564

Parry, Joseph
Assistant chief draughtsman at Gorton (GCR/LNER). Retired in 1928. Highly active contributor to discussions at Manchester Centre of ILocoE. Spoke in response to C.J. Allen Paper giving his thoughts on design criteria.On Kyffin's paper on axleboxes

Peacock, Dennis W.
In charge of wind tunnel at the Research Department in Derby: see J. Instn Loco. Engrs, 1951, 41, 606- (Paper No. 506). Also contributed to discussion on Cox's papers. See also Pat Webb Fitted coal tests who called him a "knowledgeable eccentric". Midland Record, 2000 (13), 59..

Pearson, T.W.R.
Locomotive  Engineer of the Alexandra (Newport & South Wales) Docks and Railway from 1901: control of locomotives formerly under W.S. Smyth. RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway. Part 10.

Pepper, Francis [Frank] Joseph
Born in 1903. Bond's Lifetime mentions that "During early trial running [with Fury] one of the high pressure water tubes burst, killing the fireman and injuring the inspector in charge of the trials, my friend Frank Pepper who in earlier years had helped me on inspection, and with whom when work was slack at the N.B. Works, I had tramped many happy miles beside the Scottish Lochs. Thorley, W.G.F. A breath of steam. Vol. 1. London, 1975. Page.94] notes the incursion of No 6399 Fury at Wellingborough when trials were conducted on Sundays from Derby on the main line to London. I do not know whether it was the intention to project them beyond Wellingborough, but the first one certainly terminated there when the feed pump which fed the high pressure drum failed in the vicinity. On the following day, Frank S. Pepper visited the depot to examine the offending pump; he was experimental draughtsman in the locomotive drawing office at Derby [had he been nrecruited from NBL?] and seasoned in the wiles of the locomotive, as he had been on the footplate when the fatality occurred at Carstairs. I was scraping a regulator valve at a nearby bench when Pepper, an extremely agile man, jumped from the footframing at the side of the boiler to the floor. In so doing he caught the ring on the third finger of his right hand in a split pin securing one of the joint pins of the indicator gear, stripping the flesh down to the second joint. The coppersmith rendered first aid, but Pepper declined the assistance of the wheeled litter which was the pride of the shed and suitably accompanied made his way to the cottage hospital, where the finger was amputated under a local anaesthetic. see also Szlumper diaries which are appreciative of Pepper's engineering skill and overall ability, but wishes he had clean shirt cuffs!. See also Carney. Participated in the discussion on Cook's paper on copper for fireboxes noting what he had observed of welding copper when on the ILocoE visit to Germany and asking if Kuprodur could be used. ILoco Paper 568 In 1942 he was appointed Works Manager at Kilmarnock (Locomotive Mag., 1942,, 48, 182.

Peppercorne, George Ryder
Patent (via Woodcroft)
GB 7559/1838 Machinery to be employed for locomotion on railroads and other roads;- applicable to other engines for exerting power. 31 January 1838
George Ryder Peppercorne, was probably one of a family of London stockbrokers, business men and engineers, was Secretary to the Vauxhall Water Works until he resigned in 1842 after a merger struggle between competing water companies. He took up the post of magistrate in Natal in 1850 bringing a range of legal and administrative skills and a liberal attitude to the Mpofana location over which he had been appointed. This brought him into conflict first with Natal’s Diplomatic Agent Theophilus Shepstone, who was in the process of imposing his patriarchal views of colonial government, and then with Benjamin Pine the Lieutenant- Governor, who was attempting to enforce policies that would provide Natal’s settlers with the African labour they believed was necessary for colonial prosperity. Peppercorne, using arguments in keeping with the demands of political economy, opposed both men, and as a result lost his job and his means of support, but left behind a remarkable record of his struggle against the ideologies that came to dominate colonial Natal (Internet 12 July 2012)

Percy, C.M.
Engineer at Kirkless Works of Wigan Iron & Coal Co. who designed distinctive 0-6-0ST with Crewe features, following training at Crewe Works in 1864. See Rly Mag., 1971, 117, 18

Perryman, A.C.
Probably born between 1910 and 1914 . Author of two Oakwood Locomotion Papers: Life at Brighton Works 1928-1936 and The Brighton Baltics plus a Bradford Barton publication Steam on the Brighton Line (llast bsed on photographs takrn by Maurice Joly).

Peter, L.H.
Appointed Chief Development Engineer Westinhouse Brake & Signal Co. Rank given as Major. Locomotive Mag., 1947, 53, 78

Phillips, George William
Was active in affairs of ILocoE from late Great Northern period until British Railways. Chairman of Glasgow Centre in early 1930s. Chaired meetings, contributed to discussions on wide variety of topics. Comments on mechanical coaling plants in Scotland. Discussed lubrication in response to Kyffin paper in 1921. For a time was called "Major" Phillips (but there were at least two others!).

Pinkerton, John
Died in September 1922. Trained at the Kilrnarnock Works of the Glasgow and South Western Railway, subsequently employed with the Caledonian Raiilway' He then went to San Domingo, West Indies, again returning to the Glasgow and South Western Railway, then subsequently again with the Caledonian Railway, In September, 1918, he again returned to the GSWR ancl was there at time of his death, ILocoE obit.

Platt, J.
Locomotive Superintendent of East Anglian Railways. See Loco. Mag, 1905, 11, 20

Porter, Richard Thomas
Born in Sheffield in about 1835.] By 1861 he had moved to Enfield, London and in1862 he went into partnership with Thomas Aveling and subsequently moved to Rochester, but later moved to Beckenham.

Porter, Stephen Ralph McEwen
Born 8 March 1906; educated at Packwood Preparatory School and Clifton College. From there he went to King’s College, Cambridge, in 1925. In 1928 he passed first class in Mechanical Science Tripos and B.A. Honours Degree in Mechanical Science. In 1932 he received his M.A. Degree. Being keen on his selected profession, he spent all his vacations gaining practical experience at Austin Motor Works, Birmingham Power Station (Summer Lane) and as an extra engineer on SS. Berengaria. From September, 1928, to September, 1929, he was engaged in the drawing office of Messrs. Nydqvist and Holm, A-B Locomotive Builders, Trollhatten, Sweden. On his return to England he became an improver in the L.M.S. locomotive shops at Derby. From January, 1931, until his death he was occupied in the Research Dept. of the L.M.S. under Sir Henry Fowler. He obtained the George Stephenson Prize (Institution of Mechanical Engineers) in 1933. He died at the early age of 28 on 9 June 1934, at Birmingham. author of The mechanics of a locomotive on curved track. Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs., 1934, 126. 457-61. Work cited by D.R. Carling (J. Instn Loco Engrs, 1946, 36, 243-4) when Porter was already dead. Contributed to discussion on Loach paper 309 The locomotive and the track. Wise Railway Research.

Potts, Arthur
Second son of Henry Potts, of Glan-yr-Afon, Denbighshire, was born on the 23 June 1814. He was apprenticed to Mather, Dixon & Co., of Liverpool, where he was a contemporary of W.B. Buddicom, and other engineers afterwards destined to rise to note in connection with the establishment of the railway system. He was known to George Stephenson, who was constructing the Liverpool and Manchester Railway when young Potts was serving his time. Mather, Dixon and Co. did a good deal of work for the early lines, and in this way Potts was drawn into contact with Robert Stephenson, Locke, and Errington, and became a personal friends of them. After completing his apprenticeship, Potts joined John Jones at the Viaduct Foundry, near Newton le Willows: Messrs. Jones and Potts employed about eight hundred men, and for several years were fully employed in locomotive manufacture for several railways, notably the Caledonian Railway, which owed much to the forbearance of Jones and Potts during a period of financial difficulty. The firm also executed stationary and marine-engine work. Potts did not take a large share in the practical management of the works: he did nearly all the travelling. Potts was much liked by the men, and more especially by the drawing-office apprentices to whom he had always something pleasant to remark. In those days locomotives were in great demand, at large profits, and Jones and Potts were turning them out at about one per week. A strike, which lasted a considerable time, caused the firm great anxiety, but owing to the confidence that Brassey, Locke, and others had in them, they did not suffer as much as might have been expected. Some of the men eventually gave in, but many of the best mechanics did not, and in many cases their places had to be filled by indifferent workmen who were by no means efficient substitutes. Notwithstanding this, Jones and Potts turned out some excellent work; the quality of the work in their engine Newton was not surpassed by that of any other contemporary firm. In 1852, offers were made by the London and North Western Railway for the purchase of the Viaduct Works (without the machinery), and that company ultimately acquired the property, when Potts retired from business with an ample fortune. Thereafter, until his death on 4 April, 1888, Potts lived at Hoole Hall, Cheshire, and amused himself in horticultural pursuits, growing orchids; he also had a love for Alpine plants, and had collected a good many; he was much esteemed by his friends and neighbours for his frank and simple manner, his warm-hearted generosity, and the liberal views he took of his responsibilities as a county gentleman and Justice of t h e Peace. ICE obituary. Marshall very similar.

Powell-Brett, Bernard
Elected Associate in 1930, was educated at the University of Birmingham. He served an apprenticeship with John Hands & Sons, Iron Founders, Birmingham, and, for a time, was in the works of the Brett’s Patent Lifter Co., Ltd. In 1904 he become personal assistant to his father, the late E.S. Brett, who was one of the founders of Brett’s Stamping Works. He succeeded his father as Chairman of Brett’s Stamping Works, was Chairman and General Manager of Brett’s Patent Lifter Co., Ltd., and a Director of Messrs. John Hay and Sons, Sheffield. He was a member of the Grand Council of the Federation of British Industries. In I931 he read a paper before the Institution on Modern drop-forging equipment and its services to the railway engineer (Paper 281), which was published in Journal 103. He was a Justice of the Peace for Warwickshire. He was born at Coventry in 1884, and died on 1 July 1937. Obituary: J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1937, 27, 580.

Preston, Sir Walter Reuben
Born 20 September 1875 when parents resident at Hayes Court, Kent; died 6 July 1946. Educated Bedford Grammar School. Chairman of Platt Bros and Co. (Holdings) Ltd and of Stone-Platt Engineering Company; President of Textile Machinery Makers Ltd; Director of Midland Bank Ltd. Knighted 1921. Who's Who stated "largely interested in engineering" (held at least 35 patents); many of these relate to railway vehicles; few to textile machinery (Platt's main interest). Member of Parliament: (Unionist) Mile End, 1918–23 and Cheltenham, 1928–37. Patents:
GB 19159/1914 Improvements in and connected with axle boxes for railway, tramway and like vehicles. Published  26 August 1915
GB 19158/1914 Improvements in and relating to blast pipes for locomotives. Published  26 August 1915
GB 19090/1912 Improvements in and connected with axle boxes for railway, and tramway vehicles. Published 14 August 1913
GB18574/1912 Improvements in the manufacture of boiler stays with Alfred Kirby Huntington. Published 10 April 1913
GB 3954/1912 Improvements in and relating to lubricators. Published 17 February 1913.
GB 24152/1911 Improvements in and connected with compressed air brakes for railway and like vehicles. Published 31 October 1912
GB 11257/1910 Improvements in apparatus for purifying, cooling and delivering air. Published 8 May 1911.
GB 24310/1909 Improvements in or connected with fall-over stanchions for doors of railway wagons and like vehicles.with Percy Sedgfield. Published 20 October 1910.
GB 23872/1909 Improvements in slide valves for motive power engines with Richard Mountford Deeley . Published 13 October 1910.
GB 12140/1909 Improvements in or connected with the blast pipes of locomotive and similar boilers with Richard Mountford Deeley Published 23 May 1910.
GB 6298/1909 A new or improved calculating instrument. Published 3 February 1910.
GB 22998/1908 Improvements in or relating to the smoke boxes of locomotive boilers with John Farquharson McIntosh. Published 28 October 1909
GB 15213/1908 Improvements in or connected with fusible plugs. Published 15 July 1909
GB 11241/1908 A method of and means for the disposal of ashes from smoke boxes of locomotive and similar boilers with Richard Mountford Deeley. Published 25 March 1909
GB190726343 Improvements in regulators or valves for locomotive boilers and for other purposes. with Richard Mountford Deeley. Published 26 November 1908.
GB 22757/1907 Improvements in and relating to bearings more particularly applicable to the axle boxes of railway vehicles. Published 6 August 1908
GB 22304/1907 Improvements in connected with fall down doors of railway trucks, horse boxes, cattle trucks, and other structures with Harry Smith Wainwright. Published 8 October 1908
GB 20107/1907 Improvements in apparatus for discharging or expelling ashes and clinkers from ships with Gavin Carlyle Ralston. Published 9 December 1908
GB18258/1907 Improvements in means for securing doors or flaps of railway trucks, horse boxes or the like with Harry Smith Wainwright. Published 6 August 1908
GB 17990/1907 Improvements in or connected with fall down doors of railway trucks, horse boxes, cattle trucks and other structures with Harry Smith Wainwright. Published 6 August 1908
GB 17444/1907 Improvements in and connected with railway and other trucks or vehicles for the transport of timber and similar goods  with Reginald Godfrey Peckitt. Published 30 July 1908
GB 16980/1907 Improvements in and connected with blast pipes of locomotives with Wilson Worsdell.  Published 23 July 1908.
GB 15336/1907 Improvements in and connected with the latches of railway carriage doors with  William Frank Pettigrew. Published 2 July 1908.
GB 15040/1907 A new or improved dust shield or back keep for axle boxes with Haydon Parker.  Published 25 June 1908.
GB 10321/1907 Apparatus forindicating or recording the time occupied by a locomotive, train or other railway vehicle in passing over a measured length of road. Published 4 May 1908
GB 29423/1906 Improvements in and connected with the electric lighting of trains with Charles Roe. Published 7 November 1907.
GB 22401/1906 Improvements in axle boxes for railway carriages. Published 22 August 1907
GB 13874/1904 Improvements in direct acting pumps for compressing air or gas with Frederick Davies Green. Published 15 June 1905
GB 26677/1903 Improvements in or connected with locomotive fire boxes with Walter Stewart Rogers. Published 1 December 1904
GB 14109/1903 Improvements in and pertaining to spark arresters suitable for locomotive engines. Published 9 June 1904
GB 10844/1903 Improvements in axle boxes of railway waggons and other vehicles with Arthur Clifton Kelly. Published 12 May 1904
GB 5579/1903 Improvements in or relating to spark arresting or extinguishing apparatus. Published 18 February 1904
GB 21392/1902 Improvements in or connected with sight feed-lubricators with Cornelius Martin. Published 20 August 1903
GB10728/1902 Improvements in stays for steam boilers and other vessels. Published 19 March 1903

Price, E.F.
From 1909 Chief Draughsman Carriage Dept., Midland Railway, Derby and ex-officio consulting draughtsman to the Railway Clearing House. Formerly with GER at Stratford. Loco. Mag., 1909, 15, 126..

Pudney, Frederick Addison
British agent? for Caprotti valve gear and possibly other Italian equipment. See ILocoE Paper 292

Purdon, Douglas  S.
Apprenticed at North British Railway Cowlairs Works and worked as a draughtsman. In 1921 he left the NBR and three years later he emigrated to Argentina where he eventually became Chief Mechanical Engineer of the Buenos Aires Great Siouthern Railway. He retired in 1951 and died in about 1973.  Atkins. J. North British Rly Study Gp, 2020, 139, 40 and Locomotive Mag., 1940, 46, 245. Associate Member ILocoE 1927 at Talleres, Argentina Book: British steam on the Pampas. Reviewed by Michael Harris Railway Wld. 1977, 38, 474.

Putnam, Sir Thomas
Born 1862; died 2 June 1936. Managing Director and Deputy Chairman of the Darlington Forge, Ltd

According to Dawn Smith was Locomotive Superintendent of the London Chatham & Dover Railway for part of 1860.

Surnames beginning letter "Ra"

Ramzin, Leonid Konstantinovich
Born 14 October 1887, in the village of Sosnovtsy, in what is now Sosnovka Raion, Tambov Oblast; died 28 June 1948, in Moscow. Soviet scientist in the field of heat engineering. In 1914, Ramzin graduated from the Moscow Higher Technical School, where he became a professor in 1920. In 1921 he became a member of Gosplan (State Planning Commission). In 1930 he was convicted in connection with the Industrial Party affair. In 1944, Ramzin became a professor at the Moscow Power Engineering Institute. One of the organizers of the All-Union Heat Engineering Institute, he served as its director from 1921 to 1930 and became head of research in 1944. He also worked in the Bureau for the Construction of Flow-through Boilers. Ramzin established a subdepartment of boiler design in 1943 at the Moscow Power Engineering Institute. Ramzin’s major works were devoted to boiler design, the rating of boilers, the theory of radiation in burners, the investigation of fuels, district heating, and the design of thermal power plants. Ramzin designed an industrial flow-through boiler that became known as the Ramzin boiler. He was active in the planning work of the State Commission for the Electrification of Russia. (Internet). Boiler mentioned in Locomotive Mag., 1940, 26,

Rankin, James
Born on 24 August 1895 in Kilmarnock; and died on 24 December 1947. He was educated at the High School in Prestwick and Kilmarnock Academy; then his technical education was at the Technical College, Kilrnarnock, whilst serving an engineering apprenticeship with Andrew Barclay Sons & Co. Ltd., Locomotive Engineers. With the outbreak of the 1914-18 war, and before his apprenticeship was completed, he was mobilised with the Ayrshire Yeomanry and: saw service at Gallipoli. Later in Egypt he transferred to the Royal Flying Corps and was trained as a pilot at Heliopolis, and saw further service in Palestine. He was demobilised in January 1919 and after completing his apprenticship he entered the drawing office of the former Midland Railway at Derby, in 1920, being engaged on experimental work. In 1923 he was appointed works inspector at Derby; 1928, assistant to works manager Crewe; 1932, assistant to works superintendent Crewe; 1934, assistant works superintendent, Horwich, and in 1938, assistant works superintendent, Derby. From September 1939, until July, 1940, he acted as works superintendent, Derby, during Colonel Bellamys absence on active service. Mr. Rankin was appointed locomotive works superintendent Derby in May 1941, and locomotive works superintendent Crewe, in February 1946. During WW2 he served on the Ministry of Supply Sub-Committee for the production of 25 pounder and 17 pounder guns. Rankin became the Crewe works superintendent in February 1946, and revived the Charlie Dick tradition in being an 'outsider' In 1928 he became a junior assistant to F. A. Lemon at Crewe, and after periods at Horwich and Derby became works superintendent at the latter place in May 1941 after a time in acting rank. Mainly J. Instn Loco. Engrs. obituary. Langridge called him a likeable fellow full of energy and noted that he left the drawing office due to the malign influence of Anderson...

Rawlings, Vincent Percival
Born London 21 April 1879; died Stanford-le-Hope on 22 April 1950. Educated in Croydon and received his technical training at the Regent Street Polytechnic. On leaving school he was employed in his father's business of lithographic artists, and in 1900 he joined the firm of Hawkeshaw and Dobson, Consulting Engineers, as a draughtsman. About a year later he went to the USA, where he was employed, in various capacities, by George Corliss Engine Works, International Power Co.; Gorham Manufacturing Co., and Crompton Knowles Weaving Machinery Co. Returning to England in 1904, he re-joined the firm of Hawkeshaw and Dobson, where he remained until 1907, when he accepted a position as Technical Assistant with The Consolidated Brake and Engineering Co. Ltd., manufacturers of Railway Vacuum Brake Equipment, finally becoming Technical Engineer and Manager, from which position he retired in 1937. He read a Paper (No. 89) entitled Brake efficiency, which was published in Journal No. 46 (1920). I. Loco. E. obituary

Read, Charles H.D..
Mechanical inspector "brought by Stanier from Swindon" had "some interesting things to say about the riding of LMS engines": Rogers Rly Wld, 1978, 39, 431. Cox Locomotive Panorama V. 2 note on how he improved performance of Britannia class on Western Region when in charge of Cardiff Canton mpd and used 9F 2-10-0 on express trains. K.R.M. Cameron notes hhis ability at German during ILocoE Summer meeting.

Redington, Thomas Frederick
Article on his Patent valve gear in Loco. Mag... 1918, 24, 118-19. GB 21634/1909. Improvements in means for operating the slide-valves of reciprocating steam and like engines. Published 27 January 1910; applied 22 September 1909. Diagram in article shows as "applied" to a 4-6-2T Further information Locomotive Mag., 1920, 26, 210.

Reeves. Luther
Works Manager at Darlington Locomotive Works from 1941. See Loco. Mag. 1941, 47, 140.  Appointed Mechanical Engineer Scotland Loco. Mag., 1942, 48, 83. Appointed Mechanical Engineer Doncaster (previously same  position for Scotland) in 1945 (Locomotive Mag., 1945, 51, 110) Carriage & Wagon Engineer Eastern Region 1953-8

Reid, David
Foreman at Ashford Works. Accompanied the Invicta to Paris Exhibition in 1900 and involved in display of locomotive in Canterbury: Locomotive Mag., 1906, 12, 121-2..

Remnant, Patrick T..W.
Assistant to Brackenbury of Westinghouse: see Rly Mag., 1978, 124, 322 and Railway Wld., 1979, 40, 642.

Rendell, Alan Wood
In 1892 was Locomotive Superintendent East Indian Railway. Photograph at Lahore Locomotive Superintendent's Conference in Lahore in 1892: Locomotive Mag., 1925, 31, 133 (plate).  Consulting engineer to Westinghouse Brake Co. Ltd. General Manager in UK see letter in Locomotive Mag., 1919, 25, 234. Died in 1941; having retired in 1920: had trained under Craven at Brighton Works and served Stroudley as a draughtsman. (Locomotive Mag., 1941, 47, 186)
GB 3340/1915 Improvements in and relating to fluid pressure braking apparatus. Applied 2 March 1915. Published 2 March 1916.
GB 1339/1915 Improvements in and relating to fluid pressure braking apparatus. Applied 27 January 1915. Published 27 January 1916.
GB 22302/1914 Improvements in and relating to braking apparatus for railway and tramway vehicles. Applied 10 November 1914. Published 4 November 1915.
GB 22081/1914 Improvements in and relating to fluid compressors. Applied 5 November 1914. Published 16 September 1915.
GB 15279/1914 Improvements in and relating to fluid pressure braking apparatus for railways and the like. Applied 25 June 1914. Published 24 June 1915.
GB 5159/1914 Improvements in and relating to fluid compressors. Applied 27 February 1914. Published 25 February 1915.
GB 7234/1912 Improvements in and relating to hose couplings. Applied 25 March 1912. Published 20 March 1913.
GB 151/1910 Improvements in axle-driven air compressors. Applied 3 January 1910. Published 31 Deceember 1910.
GB 122037 Improvements in and relating to operating mechanism for valves and the like controlling and regulating apparatus. Applied 12 January 1918. Published 13 January 1919.

Renshaw, William Robert
Born at Handforth, Cheshire on 7 October 1845; died in Stoke-on-Trent on 19 February 1923. Apprenticed to Barker & Cope who owned a foundry at Kidsgrove. By 1880 he had his own Victoria Works at Tunstall manufacturing equipment for collieries, forges and mills. During the 1880s he entered into partnerships with William Owen and Charles Henry Payne, then with Henry Sampson King and Richard Charles Edward Masterman, but from 1890 traded as W.R. Renshaw & Co. In 1894 the workshops of the Phoenix Carriage & Wagon Works in Etruria were acquired. In 1897 Renshaw acquired the contract for the Barnum & Bailey Circus train, but by 1905 the company was in receivership although he subsequently recovered through consultancy work for the mining industry. See Mike Fell Backtrack, 2014, 28, 45-52 who also mentions other members of the Renshaw family who may have been involved in the manufacture of rolling stock. His inventions relating to railways (many other patents are listed on Espacenet including several relating to sewage treatment):
GB 23426/1898 Improvements in brake mechanisms for railway trucks and the like. Applied: 7 November 1898; published 7 October 1899.
GB 9365/1899 Improvements in locomotive or traction engines. Applied: 3 May 1899; published 3 May 1900.
GB 8252/1901 An improved packing for stuffing boxes or glands and the like. Applied: 22 April 1901; published 27 March 1902

Revill, William Henry
Born in 1867; died 28 July 1942. Early education at Walpole House School, Chiswick under Dr. White; then attended Polytechnic Institute in Regent Street whilst an articled pupil on the Metropolitan Railway, obtaining certificates and prizes in mechanical engineering, advanced machine construction and geometry. In 1886 he entered the Locomotive Drawing Office of the L.C. & D. Rly., being appointed a locornotive inspector in 1891. In 1897 he became a district locomotive superintendent and was in that position at various depots, including Battersea. He left England in 1903 to take up the post of assistanty locomotive superintend on the Beira and Mashonaland Rly., leaving that country in 1907 to superintend the design and construction of 20 locomotives for the Antofagasta Rly. (Chili). In 1908 he was appointed locomotive superintendent to the Taltal Railway in Northern Chile, which post he held until his retirement in 1928 to Sanderstead Village, Surrey. He died suddenly whilst undergoing an operation on July 28th In his 75th year. Elected a member of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers in 1921. ILocoE obituary.

Reynolds, B.

Rhodes, Israel

Rhodes, Ralph
Began his career as fitter at Southend (was there in 1945) and rose to Traction Running Officer at Doncaster; see R.H.N. Hardy The 'Poggy' log. Part 6. Steam Wld., 1999 (142) 36.

Rich, Frederick
PAPER Some details of steam-locomotive design affecting the footplate man. J. Instn Loco. Engrs, 1958, 48, 590-613. Paper No. 589
Articles: "You'll go to jail, young man...". Part 1. Steam Wld., 2005 (215) 8-14; Part 2. (216), 32; Part 3. (217), 42; Part 4 (218-36)
A Brighton 'Mogul' nocturne... leaves from a locomotive diary. Steam Wld., 2006, (229) 8-14; (230), 44.
Demob leave: 1955: leaves from a locomotive diary. Part 1. Steam Wld, 2009 (267) 36-43; Part 2. Steam Wld, 2009 (268) 38-43; . Part 3. Steam Wld, 2009 (269). 36-41; [Part 4].  Steam Wld, 2009 (270). 46-50. Part 5 Steam Wld, 2010 (271). 48-50.
Boxhill, Morden and Waddon — a tale of three 'Rooters'. Railway Wld, 1983, 44, 62.
Book: Yesterday once more. Bromley (Kent): P.E. Waters & Associates, 1996

Rickards, G.M.
Was at Peterborough in 1921. Contributed to the discussion on paper on automatic couplers to note LNER experience with automatic couplers with Pullman vestibules and stated that passengers were not subject to shocks.Contributed to the discussion on the Collingwood paper on Chinese 4-8-4 locomotives ILocoE Paper 358 and to Cox paper 346 on page 820

Riekie, John
Died on 9 October 1932, aged 84. Commenced his engineering training with Scott Sinclair and Co. (Greenock Foundry Co.), in 1862. After completing his time, in 1867, he joined the East Indian Railway as a fitter in charge of two erecting pits, being later promoted to running-shed fitter in charge of 70 engines. In 1871 he was appointed Running Shed Foreman, which post he held until 1877, when he was made Chief Locomotive and Carriage Works Foreman on the Indian State Railways. He later became District Locomotive Superintendent, and then Chief Locomotive and Carriage Superintendent, Eastern Bengal State Railways, retiring in 1902. He was a man of an inventive turn of mind, and, after carrying out many experiments, patented the Riekie locomotive valve gear, which he claimed gave a diagram equal to a Corliss valve gear. He was also responsible for the Riekie system of locomotive compounding. His enthusiasm for the improvement of the locomotive never left him, and he was a regular attendant at the Institution meetings in London up to the last. Obituary J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1932, 22, 757-8. Also Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1932, 38, 413.
Compound locomotives.  J. Instn Loco Engrs., 1918, 8, 405-29. Disc.: 430-75. (Paper 66)
GB 7009/1902 Improvements in and connected with engine valve gear with John Farquharson McIntosh. Applied 22 March 1902. Published 22 April 1903.
GB 222,257 Improvements in and relating to valve gear for steam and other fluid pressure engines. Applied 27 July 1923. Published 2 October 1924.
Valve gear described by him in Locomotive Mag., 1926, 32, 296.
GB 356,328 Improvements in steam generators Applied 16 June 1930. Published 10 September 1931>
Superheater: the late date should be noted
GB 19,522/1914 Improvements in shock-absorbing hub devices for vehicle wheels. Applied 8 September 1914. Published 27 May 1915.
and there are several more relating to road vehicles and their engines

Rigby, T.A.E.
Appointed District Locomotive Superintendent at Longsight in 1928: see Locomotive Mag., 1928, 34, 262.

Ripper, William
Born on 10 February 1853; died 13 August 1937. Served apprenticeship as a marine engineer in Plymouth and at Stockton-on-Tees; won a Queen’s Scholarship, and was trained at the Exeter Training College for Teachers; was for some time Science Master of the Central Secondary School at Sheffield; researches on superheated steam, continuous indicators, and machine tool testing. He was appointed to teach mechanical engineering at Sheffield Technical School, becoming professor in 1889 and then Principal. The Technical School became the Department of Technology in the new University in 1905, with Ripper as head. During the First World War when the Vice-Chancellor was called away to a government post Ripper took on the role until 1919. He managed this in addition to his position of professor of Mechanical Engineering, and also coordinator of the University war effort, which included extensive training for industry and allocation of work to local firms for efficient production, as well as research and direct technical support. He was created a Companion of Honour, 1917. He was President of the Sheffield Society of Engineers and Metallurgists; member of the Mosely Educational Commission to the United States of America, 1903; vice-chairman of the Sheffield Committee on Munitions of War; member of Board of Education Departmental Committee on Science Museums, 1910; founder of Sheffield Trades Technical Societies.
Steam engine theory and practice;
Extensive review in Locomotive Mag., 1932, 38, 378.  and Locomotive Mag., 1900, 5, 32
Heat engines
Machine drawing and design

Mostly Who was Who and Wikipedia  (2012-10-15)

Roberts, C.T.
Appointed Carriage and Wagon Works Manager, Swindon in 1947; formerly with LMS. Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1947, 53, 107.: moved onto Scottish Region, Chief Mechanical & Electrical Engineer, 1961-5 (Johnson and Long). Portrait: photograph taken at annual dinner of British Railways Chief Mecanical & Electrical Engineers on 11 December 1961: Clements The GWR exposed page 163..

Roberts, G.H.
Chief mechanical engineer Royal Arsenal Woolwich (possibly died in 1934). Paper on engineering research, partially noting work at Royal Arsenal. See Locomotive Mag., 1921, 27, 257..

Robertson, J.
In 1868 J. Robertson took out a patent (No. 3416) for a locomotive "to be propelled by the reaction of jets or currents of steam, air and furnace gases." Apparently the locomotive was in its turn expected to propel the train otherwise the plight of the occupants of the first carriage would have been a dire one! Locomotive Mag, 1947, 53, 32..

Robertson, John Jun. (known to his friends as Jack)
Born Glasgow in 1897 and educated at Glasgow Academy. He was elected a member of the Institution  of Locomotive Engineers in 1921, and always showed a keen interest in all its activities. He was connected with the Pather Iron & Steel Co. Ltd., Wishaw, and his firm, Robertson & Fraser (Glasgow) Ltd., acted for many years as agents for Messrs. J. Stone & Co. Ltd., Deptford, London. and Messrs. Howell & Co. Ltd., Sheffield. He held a commission in the 8th Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders during the 1914/18 war, ,which time he was severely wounded and gassed, and also served for 4½ years as adjutant with the R.A.F. in WW2. He died on 15 December 1948. Obit  J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1949, 39, 388. .

Robertson, K.S.
Works Manager, Inverurie moved to be Assistant Carriage & Wagon Works Manager at Yotk (Locomotive Mag., 1924, 30, 186). Carriage and Wagon Works Manager, Stratford, to be Assistant Mechanical Engineer, Gorton and Dukinfield. (Locomotive Mag., 1937, 43, 267). Assistant Mechanical Engineer (Scotland) from 1941. See Loco. Mag. 1941, 47, 140. Outside Carriage and Wagon Assistant to the Chief Mechanical Engmeer, Doncaster see Loco. Mag., 1942, 48, 83.

Robinson, Eric Arthur
Premium apprentice at Crewe Works in 1890s. Following WW1 he was appointed assistant to works manager. Joined Superheater Company in 1921 rising to be Managing Director. Became General Manager in 1933 (Locomotive Mag., 1933, 39, 251). Wrote letter to Engineer in 1941 (1 March) Volume 171 page 164 noting that LNWR had fitted a locomotive with a Nicholson thermic syphon in 1922. Appointed md see Locomotive Mag., 1935, 41, 51, which notes Cheltenham College education and WW1 service in France including Military Cross.

Robson, Richard.
Died 22 September 1962 aged 55. Joined LNER as Apprentice Fitter at Gateshead Shed in January 1926, after earlier experience with firm of marine engine builders on the Tyne. On completion of his apprenticeship, part of which was served in Gateshead Works, Robson became a Locomotive Running Inspector at Leeds, later transferring to York, and during a period of 12 years in this capacity took temporary charge of many of the smaller locomotive depots in the North-Eastern Area for varying periods. In 1941, he was transferred to the Scottish Area, where he became Technical Inspector in the Locomotive Running Superintendent’s Headquarters in Edinburgh, and two years later was appointed Acting Assistant District Locomotive Superintendent at Burntisland. He returned to the North Eastern Area at the end of 1943 to take charge of the depot at Leeds Neville Hill, became Locomotive Shed Master at Sunderland in April 1946, and Mechanical Foreman at York later the same year. In October 1947, Robson became Senior Technical Assistant to the Locomotive Running Superintendent of the Southern Area of the LNER, and in January 1950 became Locomotive Shed Master at Stratford. He was transferred to King’s Cross as Assistant District Motive Power Superintendent in November 1955, and became Running and Maintenance Assistant at the Great Eastern Line Headquarters at Liverpool Street in January 1961. The post was re-designated Assistant Running and Maintenance Engineer in January 1962, and it was this position which he held at the time of his death. Obituary: J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1962, 52, 317-18...

Robson, Tom [Thomas]
Responsible for fitting NER 4-6-0 with counter pressure brake system for locomotive testing: described in ILocoE Paper  No. 441 Bulleid chaired the meeting and noted that he had known Robson for many years and considered him to be the best experimental engineer in the country. Contributed to discussion on Diamond's IMechE paper Development of locomotive power at speed in Vol. 156 page 439. See also Carling article in Rly Wld., 1981, 42, 540. and in Trans. Newcomen Soc., 1972, 45, 105 (where he describes Robson as his boss).

Roche, Tony
Tony Roche was a career railway engineer having spent some 40 years within UK Rail, ultimately becoming the Executive Board Member of British Rail responsible for Engineering, for Support Services and for Safety and played a major role in the privatisation of the industry. Throughout this period he has majored on Train Engineering and his career has spanned design, new construction and ma in ten an ce of locomotives and rolling stock, all against a background of management of change. During his career within British Railways the impact of the various historical engineering initiatives became ever clearer, and none more so than when working as a Works Manager at the Wolverton Works of British Rail Engineering Limited in the early 1980s.One of the most satisfying and challenging appointments was as a Works Manager, working in British Rail Engineering Limited, at its Wolverton Works in the early 1980s. This was an operation with around 2,000 employees, 576 million turnover, on a site of some 50 acres, of which about half were workshop buildings. Wolverton is an old railway town that grew with the establishment of the Works in 1838 as the new construction and maintenance facility for the London and Birmingham Railway Company. In 1846 as the result of amalgamation it became part of the London and North Western Railway. Interestingly it was at this time that the former Locomotive Superintendent of this Company, Mr J McConnell became a major driving force in the formation of our Institution, being the Chairman of the first preliminary meeting in October 1846. Located at Wolverton, he was responsible for the famous Bloomer Class of steam locomotive.

Rogerson, A.C.
General manager of Beyer, Peacock & Co., Ltd., died on 10 July 1821 at Cleveleys, Blackpool. Rogerson, He was in his fifty-third year, served his time with Sharp, Stewart & Co. He was afterwards on the staff of the Lancashire & Yorkshire Ry., but left about 1904 to take the position of works manager at tile Gorton Foundry. Rogerson succeeded Halstead as general manager about three years ago.See Locomotive Mag., 1921, 27, 196

Rose, Edwin
Retired from the position of divisional locomotive superintendent of the Furness Ry. at Moor Row, Cumberland, in March, 1912, died on 30 May 1924, in his 83rd year. He was born at Tipton, Staffs., when his father was on the engineering staff of Messrs. Fox & Henderson. In 1848, Rose, senr., was appointed manager of the Ashford Locomotive Works of the South-Eastern Ry. E. Rose, like some of his brothers, served his apprenticeship to locomotive engineering under his father at these works. About 1864 Rose, senr., was appointed locomotive superintendent. of the Whitehaven & Furness Junction Ry., which extended from Whitehaven to Barrow in Furness, where it joined the Furness Ry. He also acted in the same capacity to the Whitehaven Junction Ry. from Whitehaven to Maryport, and also for a time to the Cockermouth and Workington Ry. When the first-mentioned railway was taken over by the Furness, and the two latter by the L. & N.W., Rose, senr., retired, and E. Rose, who held the position of manager of the locomotive shops at Preston Street, Whitehaven, continued to act until early in 1880, when he was transferred to Barrow, under R. Mason, locomotive superintendent of the F.Ry. In May of the same year, Rose was given the position of divisional locomotive superintendent at Moor Row, which he held until his retirement. At Moor Row the locomotives under his control worked the lines of the original Whitehaven, Cleator and Egremont Ry. Rose also acted as consulting mechanical engineer to the original Ravenglass & Eskdale Ry. for about twenty years previous to its being placed in the hands of a receiver. He was offered a similar position by the C. & W. Junction Ry. in connection with their locomotives but the F. Ry. were not agreeable that he should accept. Rose had been in failing health for a few years. Locomotive Mag., 1924, 30, 229.

Rosever, R.G.
Former chief test inspector locomotive department Midland Railway. Became General Manager Manning Wardle in 1912. Locomotive Mag., 1912, 18, 250.

Rotheram, Thomas Forth
ICE obituary gives form without "h" as does Perth (Australia) account of his funeral. Further complication New Zealand newspaper states that he retired in 1900 to be succeeded by Beattie! Born in York on 28 June 1850; died Perth, Western Australia, on 11 September 1903. Trained on MSLR at Gorton, Manchester, and NBR at Cowlairs, Glasgow. After some marine experience he returned to the NBR and took charge of erecting indoor and outdoor machinery and plant. Later worked on railway equipment for Ransomes & Rapier. In 1875 he entered the service of the New Zealand Government Railways as general rnanager of the Picton & Blenheim Railway (1875-8); general rnanager Wanganui, Foxton & New Plymouth Railway (1878-85); Locomotive superintendent Herunui-Bluff Railway (1885-8); locomotive superintendent New Zealand Railways 1888 to April 1890. In 1891 he was appointed by the New South Wales Railway Commissioners to enquire into merits of Westinghouse and vacuum brakes on goods trains. Appointed CME of Western Australia Government Railways in 1891 Marshall.

Rowley, Edward Butler
Mentioned by Fellows in Locomotive Mag., 1935, 41, 215 for patent on slipping coaches. Woodcroft lists two patents:
GB 7513/1837 Locomotive engines, tenders and carriages to be used on railways. 19 December 1837
GB 8015/1839 Steam engines applicable to locomotive, marine and stationary purposes, 26 March 1839

Ruane, W.E.
Death aged 85: had been Brake Sales Engineer of Westinghouse Brake & Signal Co. who retired in 1940. He joined the original Westinghouse Brake Company in 1888, twelve years after its formation, and had personal contact in his earlier days, in his capacity as draughtsman, with George Westinghouse himself. He was Works Engineer from 1918 until the early 1920s when he became Brake Engineer and later Brake Sales Engineer. He was well-known throughout the Mechanical Engineering Departments of the British Railways, and had visited railways in many countries abroad. Locomotive Mag., 1955, 61, 50

Surnames beginning letter "Sa"

Salter-Whiter, Cosmo
Born 25 October 1892; died of pneumonia 21 October 1922. Educated at Manor Park School, Sutton and Dower House School, Wallington. Received his technical education at Woolwich Polytecnic and Ashford Technical Institute. Apprenticed at Ashford Works from 1909 to 1913; and then entered drawing office.  In 1919 he joined the North British Locomotive Co's staff in Glasgow, but moved to be a senior draughtsman at Hunslet Engine Co. in Leeds in November 1921.

Sams, John George Barwick
Crewe apprentice 1897-1902), locomotive superintendent of the Jamaican Government Railways and running superintendent of the Kenya & Uganda Railways. died 1947. Obituary Proc. Instn Mech Engrs, 1949, 160; Contributor to discussion on ILocoE Paper No. 378. Contribution to discussion on Indian experimental locomotives. Modification of British goods equipment. Locomotive Mag., 1930, 36, 95. Book: Locomotive running department. Locomotive Publishing Co. "Reviewed" in Locomotive Mag., 1938, 45, 213.

Samuelson, Alexander.
Born Hamburg on 20 July 1827, but when very young was moved to Hull. When aged about fourteen was apprenticed to Messrs. Jones and Potts of Newton-le-Willows, and subsequently completed his apprenticeship with Messrs. Bury, Curtis and Kennedy at Liverpool; he then became draughtsman to Messrs. Nasmyth and Go. of Patricroft, and subsequently to Messrs. Boulton and Watt of Birmingham. He afterwards went for a short time to Tours in France, to assist his eldest brother, Bernhard Samuelson, in the management of some railway works, and in 1852 he joined his brother, Martin Samuelson, in extensive engineering and shipbuilding works at Hull; but in 1861, his health having failed he left and established himself in London as a consulting engineer, at first in partnership and from 1866 on his own account. This branch of the profession he followed successfully until his death on 5 September 1873. Obituary: Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs., 1874, 25, 24. [KPJ: Is this the Samuelson mentioned by Andrew Dow in connection with experiments using thin metal slips to measure rail/wheel adhesion and in Vaughan Pendred's Railway locomotive: in favour of this is his association with France, where Pambour introdiuced the concept of adhesion]

Sankey, Matthew Henry Phineas Riall
Born Nenagh, 9 November 1853; died 3 October 1925. Educated Morges and Schaffhausen, Switzerland; Mr Rippin’s School, Woolwich; RMA, Woolwich; SME, Chatham. First Commission, Royal Engineers, 1873; When nearing the end of this training, he was one of the R.E. officers selected for employment by the Royal Commission on Railway Accidents in connexion with the important series of Continuous Brake Experiments performed in 1876; and later on in the same year he was engaged in the War Department drawing office on the design of barracks.In the following year he was placed in charge of the R.E. drawing office at Manchester, and the next two years he spent at Gibraltar in superintending the erection of certain batteries and barracks. Gibraltar, 1878–79; Instructor in Fortification at the RMC, Kingston, Canada, 1879–82; Ordnance Survey, Southampton, in charge of Trigonometrical Division, Stores and Workshops, 1882–89; became acquainted with the merits of the Willans engine of that date. In 1889 he retired from the Service as a Captain, and joined the board of Willans and Robinson, Ltd., engineers, of Thames Ditton. Five years later, in 1904, Captain Sankey commenced practice as a consulting engineer, in which he was very successful. Vice-President, Institution of Civil Engineers; Past President, Institution of Mechanical Engineers; Member of the following Institutions: American Mechanical Engineers, Electrical Engineers, Iron and Steel, Naval Architects, and Gas Engineers; Member of the Governing Board, National Physical Laboratory; Member of several Committees of the Institutions of Civil Engineers and Mechanical Engineers on Steam and Gas Engine Research; Member of several Sub-Committees of the Engineering Standardisation Committee; Member of two Committees of the British Association, Wireless Telegraphy and Gaseous Explosions; Chairman of the Heat Engine Committee of the Institution of Civil Engineers and other institutions. Grace's Guide. Presidential Address IMechE Other papers:
Proceedings:- Paper on Governing of Steam Engines by Throttling and by Variable Expansion. (Proceedings 1895, p. 154. For this Paper the Council awarded to Captain Sankey the "Premium.") Paper on Heat Treatment Experiments with Chrome-Vanadium Steel. (Proceedings 1904, page 1235.) Memorandum for the Gas Engine Research Committee: Method of determining the Temperature and the Rate of Heat Production in the Cylinder of a Gas-Engine. (Proceedings 1906, page 317.) Appendix II to Paper on Different Methods of Impact Testing on Notched Bars. (Proceedings 1908, page 968.) Paper on Comparison of the Tensile, Impact-Tensile, and Repeated-Bending Methods of Testing Steel. (Proceedings 1910, page 715.) In addition to the foregoing, Captain Sankey also gave the Thomas Hawksley Lecture on "Heat Engines" (Proceedings 1917 page 703), and his own Presidential Address (Proceedings 1920, page 1039). In the Research work carried on by the Institution he took great interest, and the Proceedings record interesting remarks from him in respect to Steam-Nozzles, Marine Oil-Engine Trials Hardness Tests, and other matters.

Satow, Michael
Born in 1916; died Middlesbrough 13 November 1993. After obtaining 1st class hons in engineering at Loughborough College Satow obtained employment at Mather & Platt, Manchester. In 1940 he was appointed to the Dyestuffs Division of Imperial Chemical Industries and worked his way up to become the chief engineer. In 1956 he went to India to become the first chief engineer of ICI there. He established the Indian Railways Museum at Delhi before he retired in 1976, and later he made frequent visits to India to supervise the progress of the museum to its opening in 1977. He took a prominent role in the organization of the Stockton & Darlington 150th anniversary in 1975, for which he designed and constructed a fullsize working replica of Locomotion. For the LMR 150th anniversary celebration in 1980 he built a working reproduction Rocket. For the National Trust he constructed a new engine for the former Furness Railway steam yacht Gondola on Lake Coniston. Book Railways of the Raj. Marshall..

Sharpe, A.C.
Employed by Westinnghouse on braking systems at Chippenham. Publications included Railway air brakes in Railway Wld., 1975, 36, 10 and "professional paper" in Railway Engineering Journal on same theme; also wrote a letter to New Scientist on disadvantages of braking onto rail rather than wheel

Schlegel, C.
Shed Superintendent Gateshead in 1930 (William Brown Hush-Hush). Commented on Lelean's Presidential Address when given at Newcaastle in 1932: stated that standardisation is a thing to aim at, and so far as a running shed is concerned would effect considerable economy in the stocks of material kept on hand and which so often come under criticism. There is very little attempt at standardisation to-day and much more cnuld be done in this direction, Take a simple example like the big-end and side rod oil well tops, what a variety of sizes we have, even on engines of about the same capacity. He also commented at length on Selby's paper on compounding when presented at Newcastle when he roundly condemned the two Smith Atlantics under his care at Gateshead and praised the Gresley Pacifics for their haulage capacity coupled with low coal consumption. In a paper on dynamomter cars he queried the procedures for (i) stopping and (ii) coasting at high speed: in reply Jarvis stated that 50% cut-off better than full gear for (i) and in (ii) a little steam but well notched up - full gear with steam off leads to ash and hot gaese being drawn into steam chest and cylinders; .

Schofield, Lewis Singleton
Died in Edinburgh Royal Infirmary  on 11 March 1930 following severe burns received on the previous day at Carstairs when testing locomotive No. 6399 Fury. See Carney

Locomotive Superintendent Eastern Counties Railway between Fernihough and John Hunter. Source (presumably Bell brothers): Locomotive Mag., 1939, 45, 203 which states that eased in by George Hudson

Scott, E. Kilburn
Represented the Boyne Engine Works at the Matthew Murray centenary memorial service (Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1926, 32, 101): authority on life of Matthew Murray.

Sellars, J.H.
Rather unsatisfactory mention in RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10  which suggests that had been erecting shop foreman at GCR Gorton Works and in about 1906 or perhaps subsequently works manager at Caerphilly Works and retained this position until his death in 1924.. .

Sharp, Robert Gordon
Born in Keith on 19 March 1864; died 21 March 1917. Educated at Boat of Garten, Gordon's College in Aberdeen and in Yorkshire College Leeds. Served apprenticeship in locomotive works of the Great North of Scotland Railway and later served as a draughtsman in the drawing office of Kitson & Co. Subsequently he served in the locomotive departments of the Great North of Scotland and Midland Railways. In 1904 he was appointed Works Manager at the Leeds Forge and in 1911 became General Manager. See Grace's Guide and Locomotive Mag., 1917, 23, 66 (both contain same portrait) notes that he was a firm but sympathetic boss with high ideals.

Shattock, C.F.B.
Assistant Design Engineer, to be Deputy Chief Mechanical Engineer.of Westinghouse Brake & Signal Co., Ltd., Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1949, 55, 181

Shervington, Joseph Arthur Reginald
Born in Wembley into a large Catholic family in 1904; befriended John Eric Robinson at Harrow County School. Briefly joined Willesden locomotive depot as an apprentice, but left after 2½ years to join Staplefords, a carriage and wagon builder in Coalville. He then moved on to Stephenson & Clarke, coal factors to complete his dual apprenticeship. The firm owned a large wagon fleet and Joe worked as a traffic supervisor, eventually becoming chief traffic supervisor. After service in the Royal Engineers in WW2 where he was commissioned he returned to Stephenson & Clarke and after nationalisation of the coal industry became Divisonal Transport Officer for the NCB at Chesterfield. He assisted in the development of Merry Go Round (MGR) coal trains. He died at Cumnor in 1993. Robinson Dad had an engine shed. Holidayed with J.M. Dunn in Scotland in 1920: see Bill Rear. NBR Study Group J., 1993, 51, 10

Shipton. James Alfred
Patent: GB 12240/1848 Steam-engines. 14  August 1848; paper: Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs, 1851, 2, 4-9. Probably only relevant to stationary engines

Shorter, Mervyn W.  
Appointed Assistant Sales Manager, Westinghouse Brake & Cylinder Co. (Locomotive Mag, 1940, 46, 292.): managing director 1953 (Internet)

Shuttleworth, John George
Patents via Woodcroft
GB 8539/1840 Railway and other propulsion. 9 June 1840.

Shuttleworth, Joseph
Born at Dog Dyke on River Witham in Lincolnshire on 12 July 1819, son of a boat builder and Baptised Joshua. Left school at 14, took up boat building and at 16 was managing a boat yard in Lincoln. Nathaniel Clayton was working in adjoining premises as an iron founder and steam packet operator and in 1842 firm of Clayton, Shuttleworth was established. Mainly manufacturer of agricultural machinery, especially portable steam engines. He acquired directorships of the Metropolitan Railway, the Great Northern Railway and the Sutton Bridge Dock Company. He died at Hartsholme Hall, Skellingthorpe on 25 January 1883. Ronald Birse ODNB.

Sidwell, Bill
Born in Lincoln in 1911, parents moved to Derby and in 1927 began as a trade apprentice at Derby Works, but was fortunate in that this upgraded to privilege, on completion of which he was transferred to the motive power department, starting at Camden. Quinn

Simpson, John Thomas
Locomotive Superintendent of Brecon & Merthyr Tydfil Junction Railway: died, along with John Kendall of the Rhymney Railway in an accident at Maesycwmmer in June 1869, when aged 42: he was a Glaswegian according to D.S. Barrie The Brecon & Merthyr Railway.. See also Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1931, 37, 55. RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10

Simpson, Lightly Stapleton
Associated with working and management of railways, both in UK and abroad, during the whole of his distinguished career. Grandson of the Lightly Simpson, a former deputy chairman of the Great Eastern Railway. Educated at Charterhouse and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he graduated in engineering in 1895. After completing three years' apprenticeship as a pupil of James Holdenin the locomotive, carriage, and wagon shops of the Great Eastern Railway he entered the drawing office and remained in the service of that company until 1907, being successively assistant district locomotive superintendent, manager of the wagon department, and finally in charge of the electrification of the locomotive, carriage, and wagon shops at Stratford. He then went to South America, where he was assistant locomotive superintendent of the Buenos Ayres and Pacific Railway and five years later was made running superintendent of the same department. In 1915 he returned to England and was gazetted captain in the Royal Engineers (T.), operating division. He served in France where he was responsible for the erection and maintenance of  wagons. Later, he was appointed chief mechanical engineer in charge of five military railway works, and for his services he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order. On his retirement with the rank of colonel in 1919 he became chief mechanical engineer in the Ministry of Transport, (during this time he served on Advisory Committee on the Electrification of Railways [Kennedy Committee]) a position which he occupied until 1922, when he returned to the Argentine to take up the appointment of chief mechanical engineer of the Cordoba Central Railway (4-6-4T see Locomotive Mag., 1928, 34, 344). His last position was that of general manager of the United Railways of Havana, retiring after some ten years service in December 1939. Simpson, died at Gullane, East Lothian, on 6 September 1942, in his sixty-ninth year. Main source IMechE obituary'

Smart, Leslie Sanderson
Died in Glasgow in his eighty-second year, on 5 October 1942 IMechE obituary). Educated at University College School and served his apprenticeship in the locomotive shops of the Midland Railway at Derby, on the completion of which in 1882 he entered the drawing office. From 1888 until 1900 he held various posts in the locomotive department of that company, his final position being that of district locomotive superintendent at Liverpool. In 1900 he moved to the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway and was works manager at Brighton for five years (also Marx in his biography of Marsh (p. 10). He then went to the Transvaal to take up an appointment as ohief locomotive superintendent of the Central South African Railways, with headquarters at Pretoria. (also noted in Locomotive Mag., 1905, 11, 75) .In 1910 he was appointed chief mechanical engineer of the Siamese State Railways. After holding this position for four years he returned to England and joined the Metropolitan Carriage and Wagon Company, Birmingham, his first appointment being that of the firm's special representative in Russia. Subsequently he became manager of the wheel department at Wednesbury, and occupied that position until 1928 when he went into business on his own account as representative for various manufacturing concerns.

Smelt, John Dann
1860–1939: designer of 2-10-0 for Argentine Great Western Railway: Loco. Mag., 1904, 10, 188.

Smith, David
Chief draughtsman at Inverness under Peter Drummond for Drummond's final seven years there and moved to Kilmarnock with Drummond as Chief draughtsman on Glasgow & South Western Railway. Chacksfield. The Drummond brothers.
Carriage and wagon works manager, Barassie, LMS. Appointment was this same Smith? See Locomotive Mag., 1923, 29, 115

Smith, J. Le Cren
Senior Technical Assistant, Chief Mechanical and Electrical Engineer's Department, appointment to Assistant Development Engineer (Diesel Locomotives), Locomotive Development Unit. Locomotive Mag., 1955, 63, 20.

Smith, James Hopewell
Managing Director Hulburd Patents elected Associate Member Institution of Locomotive Engineers in 1952.

Smith, Sydney
Born in 1803 in Derby and educated at Repton Grammar School. His father was a Civil Engineer and the builder of Cox's Lead Works and Shot Tower. In 1826 he went to Nottingham and founded the firm of Smith Brothers and Co. Inventions: rotary steam engine; rotary stocking frame; self acting damper regulator for regulating the draught of boiler furnaces; a spring safety valve; a magnetic water gauge for indicating the height of water in steam boilers and a portable gas apparatus for use in public and domestic situations.  Grace's Guide In 1847 he invented the steam pressure gauge (probably Patent GB 11711/1847 Appartus for determining the pressure in boilers, and regulating the dampers of a furnace (22 May 1847 via Woodcroft), George Stephenson had one of the gauges attached to one of his own steam boilers to test it and promoted its use. Died 1882. Mainly Grace's Guide. See also Locomotive Mag., 1936, 42, 82 for Sydney Smith's cut-off control gauge. See Locomotive Mag., 1929, 35, 118.

Smith, Sydney Montague
Born in 1889; died 13 February 1949 (Obit J. Instn Loco. Engrs) Throughout his career was in the service of the Great Eastern Railway, during its independent existence and after its absorption into the London and North Eastern Railway, and its final merger in the British Railways system. He received his technical education at the Mechanics' Institute of the Great Eastern Railway and at the East London College. After serving his time in the carriage department of the Stratford works from 1905 to 1908, he was employed in the works drawing office as a designer, and later filled a similar position in the department of the chief mechanical engineer. From 1916 to 1918 his services as draughtsman were lent to the Ministry of Munitions. On his return to the railway company he resumed his former duties before being made continuous brake inspector in 1921. Subsequently he was transferred to the office of the locomotive-running superintendent, and continued to serve successive superintendents until his death, when he was senior technical assistant to the motive power superintendent, Eastern Section. Smith was one of the leading authorities on the use and maintenance of vacuum and Westinghouse brakes, and in the course of his career had accumulated an encyclopaedic knowledge of matters relating to the design of L.N.E. locomotives. He had been an Associate Member of the Institution since 1924. via Grace's Guide. KPJ: Is it this Montague Smith whom Cornwell in his Stroudley biography called the "Ahrons" of this  age?.

Smith, W. Grosvenor
Appointed Chief Mechanical Engineer to the Manchester Ship Canal in 1926 and retired at the end of 1940. T.A. Guest succeeded him.

Spark, J.C.
Works Manager, Cowlairs. see Locomotive Mag., 1942, 48, 83

Spear, J.F.
General Manager GM Fischer Bearings Co. Ltd. Had beem apprenticed at Metropolitan Railway Neasden Works.See Locomotive Mag. 1940, 46, 308. J.E. Spear (same person?) read paper on tapered roller bearings for railway service at Crewe Engineering College: see Locomotive Mag., 1935, 41, 40. and in 1935 spoke in discussion on Wagner paper.

Spencer, Alexander
Born in 1859. He was educated at University College School, and served a four years' apprenticeship, terminating in 1880, under  S.W. Johnson, at the Midland Railway works, Derby. Died 13 June 1936, Chairman of George Spencer, Moulton and Co., Ltd. In 1880 joined the firm established by his father, George Spencer. 17 years chairman of the company, and he was also chairman of the General Railway Signal Co. Ltd. and of the Superheater Co. Ltd. He was a director of the Metropolitan-Cammell Carriage and Wagon Co, Ltd. and the Patent Shaft and Axletree Co. Ltd., and  a director of Vickers Ltd. (see Locomotive Mag., 1920, 26, 257). He was President of the Research Association of British Rubber Manufacturers. Spencer was a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society and a member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Many patents in connection with the use of rubber, especially in springs and in buffing and drawgear for rolling stock, were taken out by him and he was also interested in the building of railway carriages and wagons. See Locomotive Mag., 1936, 42, 232

Spidy, D.J.
See Locomotive Mag., 1906, 12, 2. chief locomotive draughtsman LBSCR from 1 January 1906 formerly chief assistant to Gillies.

Spink, J.E.
Moved to be outdoor assistant, Crewe. from chief inspector in CME's department (Loco. Mag., 1933, 39, 72): not mentioned by Cox or Langridge.

Sproat, J.
Locomotive Superintendent Isle of Man Railway died 10 March 1912. Locomotive Mag., 1912, 18, 94.

Stevenson, Graham
Joint proprietor of Dick & Stevenson, Airdrie Engine Works. Lowe

Stewart, W.A.
Retired Royal Navy Commodore (addressed Captain): Diesel Engine Consultant to British Railways Board. Author of Institution of Locomotive Engineers Paper No. 713: Whither motive power which was highly critical of speed of change from steam to diesel traction and favoured gas turbines of the correct type.

Stuart, James Charles Stopani
Born in Aberdeen in 1894; worked for Sir W.G. Armstrong Whitworth & Co. Patent GB 332 289 Improvements in and relating to valve gear for steam and like elastic fluid engines. Applied 7 January 1929. Published 7 July 1930. Also made two contributions to Instititution of Locomotive Engineers  following Bulleid's paper on Lentz poppet valve gears (Volume 19 p. 621 et seq) and Willans' paper on water tube boilers (Volume 20: p. 411 et seq)

Summerson, Thomas
Born South Shields in April 1810; died Houghton-le-Skerne, Co. Durham on 6 December 1898. From a delicate boy he became strong enough. to walk fifty miles in a day. Began at age 14 drilling stone block sleepers for the SDR. Later employed on construction of the Stanhope & Tyne Railway and was present at its opening in 1834. In 1836 he was employed on the survey of the Great North of England Railway with Storey. In 1839 became permanent way inspector on the SDR. Later worked with Harris on construction of the Middlesbrough & Guisborough Railway, the work being done with such expedition that Summerson was awarded an honorarium of £1,000 which enabled him to become a partner in the patent brick works at Bank Top, Darlington. The enterprise failed and he lost the £1,000. In 1853 he was appointed manager of Hope Town Foundry, Darlington and, in conjunction with Harris, patented a rail chair with a cushion under the rail; also a special form of chilled cast iron wheel for chaldron wagons. Large numbers of these wheels were made at Hope Town. The Albert Hill Foundry at Darlington was built as a branch and, on the death of Harris in 1869, it was acquired by Summerson and it became Thomas Summerson & Sons. S designed the first wrought iron crossing and made a speciality of its manufacture. Marshall.

Swan, C.H.
Discussion on ILocoE Paer 245 on doomed Clayton railcars. See Elliot Raised in steam

Surnames beginning "T"

Tabor, J.A.
Of Colchester. Proposed placement of whistle in front of chimney: exhibited at Great Exhibition of 1851. See Locomotive Mag., 1929, 35, 126

Tait, William
William Tait was born on 13 January 1810; died of liver disease on 30 April 1868. Partner in firm of Tait and Mirrlees (James Buchanan), Scotland Street, Glasgow was the erector of the 10ft wheel locomotive.Wilson worked mate with him on the same locomotive. Tait was the manager of Neilson's Hyde Park Locomotive Works in 1845. See John Wilson and Grace's Guide.

Taite, John Charles
Of Taite and Carlton, born in London on 8 May 1852, was educated at Crawford College. He served his time at the works of John Dewrance and Co., afterwards going as an improver to Sharp, Stewart and Co., Atlas Works, Manchester, and then to Nasmyth Wilson and Co., Patricroft. In 1875, in partnership with T.W. Carlton, whose father was Manager of the Locomotive Works of the Great Western Railway at Swindon, he established the firm of Taite and Carlton. The firm was largely interested in the introduction of pressed steel wagons and under-frames for British and Colonial railways, and introduced the Holden liquid fuel burner, the invention of James Holden, Locomotive Engineer of the Great Eastern Railway. This was extensively used in the oil-producing countries, particularly South Russia, Rumania, etc. Taite attended trials with this apparatus in the Mont Cenis and other sections of the Italian State Railways, where difficulties owing to asphyxiation of the engineers had occurred in the tunnels, and considerable success resulted. This was, of course, prior to electrification. He was also interested in the Worsdell two-cylinder compound engine which was still in use on Argentine railways. Subsequently Taite became interested in pneumatic tools and was Chairman of the Taite-Howard Pneumatic Tool Co., Ltd., until it was taken over by an amalgamation of pneumatic tool companies. In this connexion he read a Paper at the Glasgow Meeting of the Institution in 1901. He was also Chairman of the Wycliffe Foundry Co., Ltd. which specialized in the production of malleable castings. Died in London on 26 June 1922. Locomotive Mag., 1922, 28, 216.

Tarver, G.H.
Early involvement  (1922) with Darlington Pupils Association. Elliot Raised in steam

Tassel, Arthur John
Born in Tonbridge on 12 September 1876; died at Stoke-on-Trent, on 16 December 1919. Received his early education locally. In 1892 he began an apprenticeship at the Tonbridge Running Sheds of the South Eastern Railway, subsequently completing it at the Company’s Ashford works and drawing-office. In 1901 he was employed in the drawing-office of the Hyde Park Locomotive Works, Glasgow, and in the following year became chief locomotive draughtsman of the North Staffordshire Railway, Stoke-on-Trent. This position he held until 1916, when he was appointed locomotive works manager, and subsequently was engaged in the production of munitions during WW1. Atkins (Suthern Way, 2012 No. 17 page 42) spells the name with two LLs and portrays him {presumably remainder from Manifold or Mike Fell.

Taylor, G.H.
Discussion on ILE Paper 510 which he chaired. Meeting at York: who was he?

Taylerson, E.W.
Proprietor of chalk quarries in Surrey at Betchworth, Merstham and Mountfield. Son of William below: second initial should be "W" Enthusiatic ILocoE member and appears to have worked on LBSCR for a time.. Spoke about Jacob Perkins boilers in use at his plant (J. Instn Loco. Engrs, 1928, 18, 691) and ensured preservation of many of the firm's ancient locomitves see Neale Archive, No. 86, 52

Taylersen, William
Born at Stranton, Durham in 1852, and moved to Reigate in 1866. Died on 3 July 1924: resided at Reigate. He was one of the founders ot the Dorking Greystone Lime Company, in which, at the time of his death, was Managing Director. The deceased when younger was famous as a cricketer and a cycling athlete. We was the first person to ride Reigate Hill on a "boneshaker" in 1871. In 1875 he became the amateur cycling champion of England. He was one of the founders of thc Gypsum Mines Ltd. at Mountfield, Sussex. He was a great believer in the high pressure steam engine, and in pxticular that made by A.M. Perkins of London, which had long been incorporated in Baker, Sons and Perkins of Peterborough, he introduced their high pressure type for power nork at Betchworth and Mountfield in the 1870s. In the 1880s he was interested in the running of a Thames pleasure steamer, the Express built by Samuda Bros. of London with Perkins high pressure engines with a working pressure of 450 p.s.i.. Although this pressure was regarded perhaps as a little on the high side in those days and not looked upon by shipbuilders with favour, he lived to see its partial introduction in the modern warship. Taylerson was an expert in the manufacture of lime and cement and was regarded as one of the leading authorities. His direct connection with locomotive engineering was the working and maintenance of a number of industrial locomotives employed at the Betchworth Lime Quarries. Taylerson was one of the original members of the ILocoE, being elected in 1911, and in the early history of the Institution played a verj prominent part in furthering its development.

Tew, Geoffrey W.G.  
Originally a pupil of Collett  from 1932 and holder of a Cambridge degree. Then Swindon drawing office; military service in RAOC and REME during WW2. then briefly assistant to Divisional Locomotive Superintendent at Paddington, then Assistant to Carriage & Wagon Superintendent at Swindon. Author of Swindon report on The locomotive in France in which he advocated the adoption of Kylchap blastpipe, larger superheaters and steam chests, and smoother steam passages. See Summers, Backtrack, 2012, 26, 437. Appointed Works Manager at Wolverton Works in 1956.see Loco. Mag.... 1956, 62, 34  Probably ended his days in Leicester where ther is a legal firm with the same name (son?). Leiicester Model Engineering Society refers to days in Geoff Tew's garden.

Thackeray, John Robert
Based at Shildon. Diligent local area ILocoE official. Contributed to discussion on Selby paper on compounding quoting his own expreience of Worsdell comounds on the NER.

Thom, J.H.
Assistant Works Manager at Scotwood (Armstrong Whiworgh). In group photograph at handing over of first three Class 5 to LMS at Scotswood  in April 1935. Locomotive Mag., 1935, 41, 151.

Thom, Robert George
Died 25 May 1956 (obit J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1956, 46, 215).  Joined GCR at Gorton in 1921 and trained as a locomotive engineer. Served at Cowlairs Works and at Shildon. Served in Royal Engineers during WW2, following which he was in charge of the wagon repair shops at West Hartlepool. Following nationalisation he was technical assistant to the Outdoor C&W Engineer for the Eastern & North Eastern Regions at Doncaster.

Thompson, James  
Thompson family originated in Bedlington, but moved to Kirkhouse area in early 18th century. Became Lord Carlisle's agent in 1819. About 1820 one of Thompson's first schemes was the sinking of Blacksyke Pit (1,000 feet above sea level), George Stephenson surveyed the route of new line from Brampton via Kirkhouse to Hallbankgate in 1835-36. Construction began on the new line in 1836. The new line opened and first train ran from Kirkhouse to Brampton on 18th July 1836 with 23 wagons hauled by two locomotives Gilsland and Atlas. In April 1837 James Thompson purchased George Stephensons Rocket from the Liverpool and Manchester Railway for £300' James Thompson died at the age of 56 on 14th July 1851 a man never given the recognition he merited as a railway pioneer. Lacy Thompson was grandson of James and had in his garden at Farlam Hall about 25 specimens of iron rails. Family papers are held in the Cumbria County Archive. See Locomotive Mag., 1924, 30, 297-8.

Thomson, James
Died 1945: assistant to C.M,E. St. Rollox until 1930. Earlier he was Works Manager at Kilmarnock, G. & S.W. Ry.See Locomotive Mag., 1945,51, 32

Thomson, Robert William
Fletcher lists him as Thompson but Lambourn and Perrett Tyres in P. Schidrowitz and T.R. Dawon History of the rubber industry. 1952 list him without a "p"). Born in Stonehaven in 1822; died on 8 March 1873. Early in life he was sent to the USA, but returned  and served an apprenticeship with the Stephensons (not mentioned in Wikipedia, but in Fletcher). Robert's father gave him a workshop, and by the time he was 17 years old he had rebuilt his mother's washing mangle so that the wet linen could be passed through the rollers in either direction, had successfully designed and built a ribbon saw, and had completed the first working model of his elliptic rotary steam engine which he perfected in later life. He served an engineering apprenticeship in Aberdeen and Dundee before joining a civil engineering company in Glasgow. He then went to work for an Edinburgh firm of civil engineers where he devised a new method of detonating explosive charges by the use of electricity, thus greatly reducing the loss of lives in mines throughout the world. Thomson next worked as a railway engineer and supervised the blasting of chalk cliffs near Dover for the South Eastern Railway. Soon he set up his own railway consultancy business and proposed the line for the Eastern Counties Railway which was accepted by Parliament and eventually developed.
Thomson was 23 years old when he patented his pneumatic tyre: BP 10900/1845). He was granted a patent in France in 1846 and in the US in 1847. His tyre consisted of a hollow belt of India-rubber inflated with air so that the wheels presented "a cushion of air to the ground, rail or track on which they run". This elastic belt of rubberised canvas was enclosed within a strong outer casing of leather which was bolted to the wheel. Thomson's "Aerial Wheels" were demonstrated in London's Regent's Park in March 1847 and were fitted to several horse-drawn carriages, greatly improving the comfort of travel and reducing noise. One set ran for 1200 miles without sign of deterioration. In 1849 he invented the fountain pen.
In 1862 he settled in Edinburgh and steam vehicles were manufactured to his designs by Tennant & Co. of Leith for export to Java and Ceylon. These vehicles had solid rubber tyres. He amassed a large sum from his inventions and lived in a huge townhouse at 3 Moray Place on the Moray Estate in west Edinburgh. He died at home in Edinburgh on 8 March 1873 and is buried in Dean Cemetery.

Inventor of pendulum lubricator: see Loco. Mag., 1917, 23, 32-5.

Thwaites, Robinson  
Born in Bradford on 10 September 1806; died 22 October 1884. Son of Thomas Thwaites, Master Plumber. By 1861 had established the Vulcan Iron Works in Bradford. About 1862 he took into partnership Edward Hamer Carbutt and  firm became known as Thwaites and Carbutt.. Graces Guide & Lowe

Tonkin, Harold John
Educated at the North Wiltshire Technical and Secondary Schools and afterwards attended the London School of Economics. From 1902-1914 he was engaged in the Locomotive Running and Accounts Department of the Works of the GWR at Swindon, and joined the S.E.& C. Railway in 1914, where he was employed on estimating and costing at Ashford Works, becoming later on Chief Cost Clerk. In 1920 he read a paper before the Insbitution on Workshop Accountancy Practice (Paper 92) which was published in Journal 47. Also contributed to discusssion on Turner's paper on management (mainly difficulties of costing  labour: see Volume 12 page 168). He was born in 1887, and died suddenly on 19 July 1937, at the age of 50. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1937, 27, 581-2.

Topham, William Leslie
Born in 1904; died at Weybridge on 4 March 1963. Educated at Oundle School. Served apprenticeship with Midland Railway at Derby Locomotive Works; then joined the Buenos Aires and Great Southern Railway in 1926, later becoming Assistant Superintendent of Motive Power, BAGS and BAW Railways. On outbreak of WW2 he returned to England, and was commissioned into the Royal Engineers (Transportation Branch), serving in India and Iraq, and was for a year seconded to the Egyptian State Railways as Assistant Chief Mechanical Engineer, and, at the invitation of the Palestine Government, investigated and reported upon the position of the Palestine Railways. In 1944 he was posted to Italy, and became Deputy Director of Transportation (Mechanical) to Central Mediterranean Forces, with the rank of Colonel; during his service in this theatre he was awarded the O.B.E. (Military Division). On his demobilisation he joined The Vulcan Foundry Ltd., in February 1946, as Overseas Representative and Assistant to the General Manager. He moved to London late in 1949, as Manager of the London office of Vulcan and Robert Stephenson & Hawthorns Ltd., continuing to travel widely overseas on the two Companies‘ behalf. In 1960 Mr. Topham was seconded to the London staff of the Traction Division, The English Electric Co. Ltd., transferring to English Electric’s staff as a Technical Sales Engineer, Traction Division, on the integration of The Vulcan Foundry Ltd., with the parent company at the beginning of 1963. Topham was a Member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers and joined the Institution of Locomotive Engineers in 1930 becoming a full member in 1937. He served on the Council of the latter Institution from 1960 until his death, and in 1960 received that Institution’s Alfred Rosling Bennett Award for his Paper Methods of reducing flangewear on diesel and electric bogie locomotives. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1959, 40, 771-95. Disc.: 795-825. Paper 603 .He was also a member of the Publicity Committee of the Locomotive and Allied Manufacturers’ Association, and of various British Standards Institution Committees. Contributed to Spencer's ILocoE Paper 465) on Gresley locomotive designs. Obituary: J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1962, 52, 656-7...

Tothill, Alec
Draughtsman at GCR Gorton Works who signed drawing for flower pot chimney: see Atkins, Backtrack, 2002, 16, 54

Tritton, Julian Seymour
Born Calcutta, 31 Oct. 1889; died 13 May 1979.   Consulting Engineer; retired from practice in the firm of Rendel, Palmer & Tritton (Partner, 1929–55; Consultant, 1955–65) Educated Rugby School and King’s College, University of London. Served WW1 commissioned RE, in Transportation Branch at War Office, and later in Afghanistan Campaign; WW2 Technical Adviser to India Supply Mission in Washington. Was in charge of firm’s Calcutta Branch, 1929–32. President, Institution of Locomotive Engineers, 1947 and 1951; Chairman, Association of Consulting Engineers, 1953–54 and 1955–56; President International Federation of Consulting Engineers (FIDIC), 1955–63 (Hon. Member, 1963); President, Diesel Engineers’ and Users’ Association, 1962–63. Mainly Whos Who. 1947 Presidential Address. 1951 Presidential Address Discussion. on H.F. Brown paper on Economic results of diesel electric motive power Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs., 1961, 125, 275

Tritton, Sir Seymour Biscoe
Born in 1860, died London 21 November 1937. He was the son of Colonel F.B. Tritton, of the Welsh Fusiliers, was educated at Haileybury and University College, London. His technical training was received at R. & W. Hawthorn's, of Newcastle-on-Tyne. In 1885 he was appointed Assistant Locomotive Supt. on the Bengal and North Western Rly., subsequently entering the service of the Government of India as Assistant Supt. and Works Manager on the Eastern Bengal Rly., at Kanchrapara. Some years later he became Locomotive, Carriage and Wagon Supt. on the Northern Bengal Rly., but after a time was sent home on sick leave. The late A.W. Rendell, under whom he worked on the re-building of the workshops at Kanchrapara then offered him the post of chief of the staff of Messrs. Rendell and Palmer, and in 1913 was made a partner, the firm then becoming Rendell, Palmer and Tritton, consulting engineers to the Government of India and many Indian and Colonial railways. Contemprary notice of Tritton joining consulatancy: Loco Mag. 1912, 18, 249. During WW1 the firm acted as advisers to the War Office and the Ministry of Munitions on all matters relating to railway work. He was awarded the K.B.E. in 1918 in recognition of his war services. In 1925 Sir Seymour made an extensive tour of the Indian Railways at the request of the Government of India in connection with the proposed design of standard locomotives. He sat on several committees of the British Standards Institution. The Tritton Lectures (a memorial to Sir Seymour Biscoe), initiated in 1946, established themselves at a high level of importance, where outstanding personalities address the Institution (Cox on later history of Institution). Of the four such lectures in the period, three were by distinguished visitors from abroad. In 1951, W.A. Newman, C.B.E., Chief of Motive Power and Research of the Canadian Pacific Railway, spoke on “ The effect of changing economic conditions in Canada on railway operations and equipment.” In 1953 Ir. F.Q. den Hollander, President of the Netherlands Railways, deait with Efficiency in the choice and application of locomotives, and in 1958 Erik Upmark, Director General of the Swedish State Railways, referred to Development of electric traction in Sweden and its Influence on rolling stock. In 1955, Sir John Cockcroft’s lecture on Atomic energy and propulsion was a notable event which attracted widespread attention. The Presidential Chair has been occupied twice. He was a member of the Institution of Civil Engineers, the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, and the Institution of Naval Architects, and an early member of the Instution of Locomotive Engineers. Obit: J. Innstn Loco, Engrs, 1937, 27, 815-16. Picture of him on his Stanley steam car in about 1906: J. Instn Loco. Engrs, 1946, 36. 283: see p. 322. Mike Chrimes in BDCE3.

Troward, Charles
Born at Torre, Torquay, on 8 January 1829. In 1844 became the pupil of Archibald Sturrock in the locomotive works of the Great Western Railway at Swindon, and afterwards on the Great Northern Railway. He was then appointed to the locomotive works at Boston, and was subsequently moved to Doncaster, where he remained until 1861, when the position he had held of District Locomotive Superintendent terminated in consequence of a change in the working arrangements. He constructed a binocular telescope of his own invention, which was exhibited and received a prize. Died London on 26 November 1873. Obituary: Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs., 1874, 25, 24.

Tulip, Samuel T.
Chief engineer Lambton Collieries 1897-1934. Locomotive Mag., 1935, 41, 10. See Archive, 2007 (54) 35-

Tulip, Winston L.
Son of above: Chief engineer Lambton Collieries from 1935. Locomotive Mag., 1935, 41, 10See Archive, 2007 (54) 35-

Turbett, Eyre Anthony Weldon.
Locomotive Mag., 1942, 48, 83 reported that E.A.W. Turbett had been appointed Assistant Chief Mechanical Engineer: he had served an apprenticeship at Crewe and held positions m Africa and Canada. He joined the Canadian ExpedItionary Force in 1914 and whilst in France, the followmg year, was appointed to the C.M.E's Dept., Royal Engmeers. Turbett was appointed Works Manager at Bnghton in 1924 and afterwards became Mechamcal Engmeer at Eastleigh. Moved from Brighton Works to Eastleigh in 1927 to become Works Manager, Eastleigh. Sean Day-Lewis Bulleid: last giant of steam (pp. 129-30). promoted from Works Manager Eastleigh to Assistant CME in May 1942. Turbett was very good with Labour and Administration and improving manufacturing facilities, but he lacked design experience and had no steadying influence on his Bulleid's designs. He contributed to the Southern's outstanding advances in welding techniques and applications, and when the scale of work suggested switching from traditional oxygen cylinders to a liquid oxygen plant he went with the Stores Superintendent A.B. MacLeod to see the set-up at Crewe and collect all the data from RC. Bond.(Bulleid on Bulleid)

Turner, F.
Mechanical Engineers Department Woolwich Arsenal. Early member of ILocoE Council. Presented paper No. 116 on management difficulties and contributed to Taylor's paper on boiler washing out. Possibly in Burtt photograph taken at Darlington Centenary Group photograph in front of replica North Star at ILE Meeting

Tweddle, Charles John
Completed a seven year apprenticeship with R. & W. Hawthorn; Leslie & Co. Ltd., at their Forth Bank Works, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, in 1901. He later became a Chargehand in the Engineering Department and in 1905 was promoted Foreman Erector. He became Head Foreman in 1912, and in 1937, when the locomotive business of Robert Stephenson & Company and R. & W. Hawthorn, Leslie & Co., was amalgamated under the new title, Robert Stephenson & Hawthorns, Limited, Tweddle was appointed Works Manager of their Newcastle upon Tyne Works, which position he held until his death on 7 July 1953. Had he lived until the following March, Tweddle would have completed 60 years’ continuous service. Of upright character and forthright speech, Tweddle was known to a great many railway officials both at home and overseas and he also had a host of friends amongst users of industrial locomotives. He was elected a Member in 1924. (J. Instn Loco. Engrs. 1953, 43, 498)

Tweedy, John
Born at Ulgham, c1850; died in Harrogate in 1906 . Tweedy received his early training with Richardson, and Co., West Hartlepool, and was afterwards with George Clark of Southwick, Sunderland. Subsequently, became associated with Wigham Richardson, and Co., Ltd.. Neptune Works, Walker, and had  much to do with the prosperity of that firm. Upon its amalgamation with Swan and Hunter he occupied a seat on the directorate, and took a prominent part  in the management. He showed great interest in the development all high-speed ships, and was particularly successful with the triple expansion four-crank engine balanced on the Yarrow-Schlick-Tweedy system; and took vigorously the development of the gyroscope, designed to prevent rolling of ships at sea. (via Grace's Guide). See also Yarrow and Schllick.

Tyas, George Freeman
Born in Leeds on 10 December 1857. Died 16 June 1937. Apprenticed at Kitson & Co at the Airedale Foundry and then worked in drawing office and estimating departments. In 1892 he moved to London where he brought his skills as a draughtsman to Bradshaw Brown, a firm of auctioneers who specialised in machinery and developed expertise in the valuation of machinery. For a time he worked for E.L. Calthrop and from about 1904 for Sir James Restler at Hampton Court Waterworks. In 1905 Tyas was appointed to the Chief Engineers' Department. The Newcomen Society obituary credits him with designing the narrow gauge locomotives used at the waterworks. See article on Hampton Waterworks and its locomotives in Archive 17. His hobby was model-making. He presented Matthew Murray— a centenary appreciation.Trans. Newcomen Soc., 1925, 6, 111. This paper with additional material was incorporated in E.K. Scott's Matthew Murray, pioneer engineer (Leeds 1928): Ottley 2855 (which fails to note the incorporated material).

Tyrrell, James
Died 13 March 1948, aged ninety-four. Locomotive superintendent Midland & South Western Junction Railway between 1903 and 1923. He had been connected with railways since 1867 when he became a clerk at Didcot station. Two years later he entered the locomotive department of the Great Western Railway at Swindon and after working in the shops was registered as fireman in 1873. After a brief period as driver he left the service of tbe Great Westem Railway in 1881 and became locomotive assistant on the Midland and South Western Junction Railway. From 1884 to 1890 he acted as engineman with the same company and then took charge of the locomotive, carriage, and wagon department. ln addition he was placed in charge of the running department under the supervision of the general manager. He was confirmed in the appointment of locomotive, carriage, and wagon superintendent three years later and retained this position until his retirement in 1923. Tyrell had been a Member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers since 1912. Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs., 1949, 160, 271-2. RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway. Part 10 .

Umpleby, F.G.
Chief Mechanical Engineer's Department: Technical Assistant (Outdoor Machinery), Euston, to be Outdoor Machinery Assistant, Crewe. See Locomotive Mag., 1934, 40, 63. Participated in meeting on ICE Meeting on modernization of Lawley Street goods depot.

Unsworth, H.G.
In charge of locomotive stock on Rhondda & Swansea Bay Railway between 1895 until 1899:  RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10 Locomotive Mag., 1917, 23, 76 noted that he had retired from being locomotive, carriage & wagon superintendent of the Ceylon Government Rys.

Unwin, William Cawthorne
Born Great Coggeshall in Essex on 12 December 1838. Educated at the City of London School between 1848 and 1854 and studied science for a year at New College, St. John's Wood and graduated BSc in 1861. In 1856 he became scientific assistant to William Farbairn in Manchester studying steam and boiler behaviour. He took a leading part in the trials of the Fay and Newall continuous brake in 1859. He was involved in Fairbairn's experiments on fatigue in wrought iron girders. In 1890 he joined the commission to investigate hydro-electric power generated at Niagara Falls and as late as 1922 he was involved in examining stresses in the Mersey Tunnel. He died on 17 March 1933. ODNB biography by E.G. Walker revised by John Bosnell.

Urton, John Penistone
Born 1876; died 1940. Draughtsman at Cammell Laird & Co. of Birkenhead. Co-inventor  with Joseph Hamilton Gibson of a means for measuring turbine horse-power. See Trans. Newcomen Soc., 1968, 40, 147

Varley, Henry
Born 6 April 1900; died 2 February 1953. Served apprenticeship with Kitson & Co., Leeds, and studied under Professor Goodman, at Leeds University. In 1924, he joined The Hunslet Engine Co. Ltd., Leeds, as a draughtsman, and eventually became Assistant to the Chief Draughtsman in 1945. Elected an Associate Member in 1946 (J. Instn Loco. Engrs. 1953, 43, 498)

Vaughan, Frederick Joseph
Succeeded Bradshaw (Locomotive Mag., 1929, 35, 73). as Locomotive Superintendent Isle of Man Railway 

Vickers, William
Inventor of system of power transmission on locomotives using belts and pulleys. Employed on a locomotive built by Davy Bros. of Sheffield in 1840 for the Sheffireld and Rotherham Railway. Locomotive Mag., 1943 (June) PCD. Patent: GB 7992/1839 Obtaining tractive-power from carriage wheels 6 March 1839. Some of other patents issued to Vickers relate to iron and steel manufacture. Woodcroft and Lowe

Surnames beginning letter "W"

Waddington, J.W.
Retired 1933 former district locomotive superintendent of the LMS at Bristol.: see Loco. Mag. 1933, 39, 182.

Waller, Richard
Patents via Woodcroft
GB 9804/1843 Locomotives and carriages, steam-boilers and engines. 27 June 1843.

Ward, Frederick Oldfield
Patents via Woodcroft
GB 10949/1845. Construction of railways; maxhinery and apparatus for working thereon. 18 November 1845.

Wardale, J.D.
Chief draughtsman of Robert Stephenson & Co. Designed a bogie which appears to have prefigured the Adams' design: Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1931, 37, 54.

Waring, John
Died 12 April 1955; born on 8 January 1891; received his technical education at the Salford Royal Technical Institute. He served his apprenticeship with Nasmyth Wilson & Co., Patricroft, from 1906 to 1912, becoming an assistant inspector of locomotives to T.A. Stewart-Dyer, at Liege, Belgium. After military service with the Manchester Regiment in Mesopotamia and India in the 1914-1918 War, he returned to the Continent to resume his inspection duties until 1940 when the German invasion of Belgium forced him to return to England. He later became an inspector of armaments at Woolwich Arsenal and in 1952 took up similar work for various large steel manufacturers in Sheffield. He had been a Member of ILocoE since 1927 ILocoE obituary.

Wart, Henry van
Patents via Woodcroft
GB 7191/1836 Locomotive steam engines and carriages;— partly applicable to ordinary steam-engines, and for other purposes. 22 September 1836
GB 7730/1838 Apparatus applicable to locomotion on railroads, and to steam navigation;—partly applicable to land or stationary engines. 11 July 1838.

Waterhouse, Thomas
Patents via Woodcroft
GB 11618/1847 Railway-engines and tenders, and other railwey-carriages. 10 March 1847.

Watson, Cecill
Born Tottenham on 31 December 1874, received his early education at the local Grammar School. He began his apprenticeship of four years in 1891 at the locomotive works of Dubs and Co., Glasgow, and went through the shops and drawing office. During this period he also attended evening classes at the Glasgow Technical College, and on the completion of his term be went for two years as an improver in the engineering department of the rubber mills of W. Warne and Co., which was followed by a few months' work in the running sheds of the Great Eastern Railway at Stratford. In June 1899 he was appointed an inspector of railway material in the Sheffield District for Sir A.M. Rendel and Robertson, and four years later he was transferred to the London Office of the firm, becoming Head Inspector in 1905. In September 1909 he was appointed manager and chief engineer to the ABC Coupler, Ltd., and visited India, Burma, Ceylon, Egypt, South America, and Nigeria, on behalf of the Company. Specializing in spring gear, baling, and coupling equipment for railway rolling stock, he brought out several patents, some of which have been adopted as standards on various railways.>He was elected Managing Director to the Company in March 1915. His died in London on 29 December 1917. Graces Guide and Locomotive Mag., 1918, 24, 19 X

Watkin, Harold
Died 10 February 1922 at Scagness; born 10 May 1879, and received his mechanical training with John Fowler & Co., Engineers, Leeds. He was then employed in the repair shops and running sheds of the Great Northern Railway at Ardsley and later as a locomotive inspector. From March 1908 to January 1909, he was engaged in Chile on behalf of the Hunslet Engine Co. supervising the erection of locomotives and performance of same. During a portion of 1909 and 1910 he was engaged as a senior locomotive foreman on the Baro Kano Railway, Nigeria. From 1910 to 1914 he was locomotive superintendent of the Samana-Santiago Railway, San Domingo. From 1914 to the time of his death he was locomotive foreman in charge of the Great Northern Railway at Copley Hill, Leeds. On the 26 January 1918, he was elected a member of ILocoE.

Watt, Alexander Cook.
Death at Doncaster on 2 May 1912. Watt, was one of the first members of the ILocoE, having joined 2 May 1911. He was born at Madras in November 1899, He was educated at Madras College and at St. Andrews, Fife, having come to Scotland when aged 14.. He served his apprenticeship at the Hyde Park Locomotive Works, Glasgow, from 1901 to 1905, and then took up a position as improver in electrical engineering at the Glasgow Iron and Steel Works, Wishaw. Leaving this latter firm, he went to the Great Northern Railway, where he gained further experience in running shed repairs, and took up a course of firing. In 1908 he was appointed Assistant District Locomotive Superintendent of the Western Division at Colwick. In September, 1911, he was transferred to a similar position of the more important district at Doncaster. He was the son of Captain Watt, R.E., of St. Andrews. ILocoE Trnas. Vol 2 & Locomotive Mag., 1912, 18,

Watt, George Ross
Died on 4 September 1954 after a brief illness, joined the firm of Neilson, Reid & Co at their Hydepark Works, Springburn, in 1898, as an apprentice and in 1907 went to Andrew Barclay, Sons & Co in Kilmarnock as a draughtsman. In 1911 he joined the firm of Kerr, Stuart of Stoke-on-Trent, and in 1919 returned to Springburn to take up an appointment as Assistant Chief Draughtsman under the late W.C. Wilson, with the North British Locomotive Co. He held this position until his retirement in 1951. It is of interest to note that Watt had a family connection with locomotive work for over 110 years. His grandfather was with the London & Birmingham Railway in 1840 and joined the Brighton Railway in 1846, later commencing business as an engineer on his own account in Aberdeen. His father commenced his apprenticeship with Neilson & Co when their works were transferred from Finnieston to Springburn in 1863 and served the Company for 51 years, being in his later years charge hand of the cylinder shop. Many prominent locomotive engineers are indebted to Watt for his guidance and help during their early training. He had a wide knowledge of locomotive design and had been responsible for the drawing office work on many important home and overseas contracts. He had a tremendous store of locomotive and general engineering knowledge and a capacity for close attention to the smallest detail. He had been a Member of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers since 1921 (obituray: Journal 1954, 44, 449) and he took an active interest in the proceedings of the Scottish Centre.

Webb, Pat
See Pat Webb Fitted coal tests (author was draughtsman under Caldwell. Midland Record, 2000 (13), 59.

Webber, A.F.
Author of ILocoE Paper 378 which raised many contributions to discussion: Stanier, Cantlie, Cox, Holcroft, Sams, Diamond, Fry and O.S. Nock. Introduction notes that theoretical paper on boiler dimensions was written quickly and that he had expertise in boilers and locomotive performance. Contributed to discussion on Indian experimental locomotives (disappointed at the conservative nature of the boilers adopted)

Wheeler, F.M.G.
British Timken Limited. appointed Wheeler, A.M.I.Mech.E., M.I.Loco.E., Head of their Railway Sales Division. Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1950, 56, 63.

White, Robert
Born in Glasgow on 2 December 1842; died at his Hampstead residence on 20 March 1925. Educated at private schools and at Andersonian College, Glasgow. He served an apprenticeship of two years, 1858-60, with Messrs. P. and W. MacLellan, of the Clutha Iron Works, Glasgow, and subsequently a further four years as pupil and assistant with the firm of Robson, Forman and McCall, Glasgow, working on the Wemyss Bay, Milngavie, Busby, and Blane Valley Railways. In 1864 he was appointed Resident Engineer of the Peterborough, Wisbech and Sutton Railway, under Mr. (afterwards Sir) George Barclay Bruce, until completion of the work. He then occupied a similar position on the Whitehaven, Cleator and Egremont Railway, being engaged upon the completion of the Marron Valley extension and other branches.
In 1869 he entered the service of the Great Southern of India Railway as assistant engineer, and remained, in India in the service of that Company, and of its successor — the South Indian Railway Company — until 1881, rising to the position of Deputy Chief Engineer and acting as Chief Engineer of the line. During his service in India he was in charge of the construction of a large portion of what is now the metre-gauge system of the South Indian Railway.
In 1881 he retired from service in India, and on returning to Britain he engaged in various branches of professional work including Parliamentary and other surveys. He visited Asia Minor to report on the property of the Smyrna Quays; also the Rio Tinto Company's Railway in Spain in connection with a large steel bridge which he designed for that Company. In 1888 the subject of this memoir entered into partnership with Sir George Barclay Bruce, engaging in general engineering practice, which included works done by the firm in connection with the Buenos Ayres Grand National Tramways, the Rio Tinto Railway and Pier, the Beira Railway and Pier, and Ceara Harbour.
He was for many years associated with Sir George Bruce, as Consulting Engineer to the South Indian and Great Indian Peninsula Railway Companies in London, and he was, with Sir Douglas Fox, Joint Engineer of the Cardiff Railway, and carried out important works in connexion therewith. On the death of Sir George Bruce in 1908 White continued the practice of the firm under his own name.
He became a Member of this Institution of Mechanical Engineers in 1901 and was also a Member of the Institution of Civil Engineers. He was a Member of the British Engineering Standards Association, having served on the Sectional Locomotive Committee from its formation in 1902, and on the Locomotive Conference formed at the request of the Secretary of State for India to prepare designs for standard types of locomotives for Indian Railways, and on the Sub-Committee on Iron for Railway Rolling Stock.

White, Stuart Ireland
Born in Plymouth and educated locally, entered the service of the Great Western Railway as a premium apprentice at Swindon in 1914. After passing through the shops, he entered the drawing office. Later, after general experience, he was appointed draughtsman on the locomotive section, under third draughtsman F.W. Hawksworth. He was later appointed draughtsman to the Buenos Aires Railway. He held this position for some time and was then appointed Assistant Divisional Locomotive Superintendent at Ameghino. Later, he resigned and returned to England to study at the University of London where he graduated and also became an Associate of the City & Guilds Institute; he also obtained a Diploma of Imperial College. He was then appointed to the Assistant Inspectorate in the Engineering Department of the Crown Agents for the Colonies, ultimately obtaining the position of Deputy Chief Engineer, from which he retired about five years ago. He was awarded the O.B.E. for his services to the Crown Agents. A keen yachtsman, he stationed his twin-engined cruiser at various ports around the English coast from time to time, and finally on the Thames. He had been Vice-Commodore of the “Little Ships” Club. He was elected an Associate Member of the ILocoE in 1921, becoming a Member in 1935. He served as a Member of Council from 1959 to 1965. He was also a Member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. His death occurred very suddenly on 5 June 1968. Obit. J. Instn Loco, Engrs, 1968, 58, 299.

Whittle, Reginald Wood
Born in Chester in 1883, died 20 April 1950. His technical education extended over thirteen years, from 1897 to 1910 at the University College of Cardiff, a technical school in Birmingham, and at the Heriot-Watt College, Edinburgh. On the conclusion of a four years' apprenticeship with Sydney F. Walker and Company, Cardiff, in 1900, he successively filled positions as fitter and erector to the General Electric Company, Ltd., Manchester, charge-hand to the British Thomson-Houston Company, Ltd., Rugby, and Bruce Peebles & Co. Ltd. In 1910 he returned to the General Electric Company as rate-fixer and stores manager, but four years later he relinquished this position and from 1915 to 1932 was works manager to the Superheater Company, Ltd., Manchester. After acting as director and general manager of Fodens, Ltd., Sandbach, Cheshire, with responsibility for the design and production of commercial vehicles, he went into business on his own account in 1935 and established the firm of R.W. Whittle, Ltd., Eccles, Lancs, general engineers. During WW2 he was attached to the Ministry of Labour as a regional inspector and senior technical engineer. Subsequently he resumed his duties as managing director of R. W. Whittle and he continued in this position until his death. Grace's Guide. Cox encountered him during WW2. Commentary on film on superheaters J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1928, 18, 454

Whyte, R.L.
F.W. Brewer's article The invention of the link motion. Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1933, 39, 373-5 when considering the conflicting claims of William Howe and William Williams, both of whom were employed by Robert Stephenson & Co. noted that Williams had the strong support of a man named R. L. Whyte, who eventually went to America, but who was in charge of Stephenson's drawing office at the time when the link motion was evolved there. In Whyte's opinion, Williams was the true inventor. Was this Whyte an ancessor of the notation Whyte?.

Wigham, J.
In charge of locomotives on Neath & Brecon Railway between 1874 and 1877. RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10

Wilkinson, Sidney Albert
Died 23 November 1958 aged 70 years. Began his engineering training in 1903 with the Frodingham Iron and Steel Co. Ltd., and he remained with this firm the whole of his working life. He retired in 1953, thus completing 50 years service with the Company, and during the last ten years he was Engineer-in-Charge of the maintenance of over 60 locomotives and 30 steam cranes. ILocoE obituary

Willans, George Herbert
Born at Wrexham in 1878; died Gloucester 2 January 1947. Received his technical education at the City and Guilds of London College, South Kensington, where he obtained first class honours in mechanical engineering. After serving his pupilage under F. Willans, locomotive and carriage superintendent of the Wrexham, Mold and Connah’s Quay Railway, [KPJ presumably father] from 1894 to 1899, he continued in the service of the company as personal assistant to the locomotive superintendent for a further five years. On the absorption of that undertaking by the Great Central Railway he was transferred to the latter company’s Gorton works, where he acted for a brief period as inspector of materials. In 1905 he went to Turkey to take up the appointment of assistant locomotive, carriage and wagon superintendent of the Ottoman Aidan Railway (see Locomotive Mag., 1905, 11, 75). He resigned this position in 1913, and during the remainder of his career was in business on his own account as inspecting engineer. In this capacity he acted as resident engineer for the Union of South Africa Railways and Harbours, and for the Governments of the Sudan and New South Wales. In addition he was representative for several leading firms of consulting engineers in this country. Willans was elected an Associate Member of the IMechE in 1908 and was transferred to Membership in 1912. IMechE obituary. Holder of many patents. Probable author of series on locomotive feed-water heating in Locomotive Mag., 1921, 27, 20
GB 26634/1904
. Improvements in self contained spring buffers and buffer guides: specially applicable for "converting" dead buffered railway vehicles, into spring buffered vehicles with Walter Gatwood
GB 103,709 Improvements in or relating to feed water heating apparatus for locomotive and other boilers. with Edward Sydney Luard and John Patrick O'Donnell. Applied 18 February 1916. Published 8 February 1917.

Willcocks, F.R.
First and probably only Locomotive Superintendent of Burry Port & Gwendraeth Valley Railway: served 1895-9 (thereafter duties performed by Engineer. RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10 .

Williams, H.J.
Works Manager at Gorton Works from 1941; formerly Chief Inspector of Materials at Doncaster. See Loco. Mag. 1941, 47, 140. Later moved from Locomotive Works Manager at Gorton to be Carriage and Wagon Works Manager at Gorton (Locomotive Mag., 1943, 49, 173).

Williams, John Wilton
Died 19 November 1914 aged 61. Pupil in the locomotive department of the Brecon & Merthyr Railway. In charge of locomotive department at St. Pancras, Midland Railway until 1902 when he joined Bell's United Asbestos Co. Played a very prominent part in the Railway Men's Convalescent Homes; was a Freemason and member of several Friendly Socities. Locomotive Mag., 1914, 20, 325-6 with portrait.

Williams, Joshua
Locomotive Superintendent, also Traffic Manager, Vale of Neath Railway, based at Aberdare. RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway. V.2.; also Abbott, Locomotive Mag., 1946, 52, 140

Williams, T. Lovatt.
Crewe Works pupil: appointed Resident Engineer Bow Works in 1928: see Locomotive Mag., 1928, 34, 262. and GW in Rly Wld, 1978, 39, 598.

Williamson, D.  
Locomotive Works Superintendentt., L.M.S.R., Glasgow, appointed Works Superintendentt .(Locomotive.) at Horwich. Locomotive Mag., 1936, 42, 404.

Wilson, Edward
Born at Glencorse, Midlothian on 12 August 1820. Son of John Wilson Engineer to Edinburgh Waterworks. He was recommended by E.B. Wilson (not a relative) for the postion of Engine and Locomotive Superintendent of the York & North Midland Railway which he filled in 1847. In June 1853 the MGWR Board in Ireland resolved that the locomotive and civil engineering of the line should at the earliest possible period be placed under the superintendence of one competent resident engineer, an advertisement to this effect appearing in the Railway Times for 16 July. Edward Wilson met with the approval of the Board and was offered the position at a salary of £400 per annum. An identically worded advertisement appeared in the same journal in August 1856 for his replacement. Wilson left no stamp on the Midland's locomotive department and went to the Oxford, Worcester & Wolverhampton Railway as Engineer, being presented with a service of plate on his departure from Broadstone. He was replaced by Joseph Cabry from the north of England. In 1867 he was appointed Engineer to the Irish Railway Commission. Latterly he was a consulting engineer for new works on the Great Eastern Railway including its new Liverpool Street terminus. He died in London on 26 August 1877. Chrimes in Chrimes.

Wilson, William (1809-1862)
Born in Wallbottle on 18 May 1809: sion of a mechanic. Began professional career with Robert Stephenson and sent with locomotive Der Adler to Nuremburg to work on Ludwigsbahn. He died in Germany on 17 April 1862. See Rly Wld, 1960, 21, 264 (includes portrait)

Wilson, William Cheetham
Born in London in 1851. Chief draughtsman North British Locomotive Company since 1910 and successor to Edward Snowball in 1902. Apprenticed at Hyde Park Works under Neilson, where his father John Wilson had been manager.. Retired 1927: see Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1927, 33. 47. Patent GB 247,132 Improvemnts to regulator valves (double beat regulators) Priority 1 January 1926. Published 2 November 1926.

Winder, O.
Works Manager Horwich locomotive works in 1909 when he became manager Patent Axletree & Shaft Co., Wednesbury: Loco. Mag., 1909, 15, 126...

Wolff, Charles Ernest
Born in 1872; died in 1929. Worked for Midland Railway. Author of Modern locomotive practice originally published in 1903. Cited by Adrian Tester in Backtrack, 2010, 24, 616 who states that worked with Deeley.

Wood, G.H.
Chief inspector, LMS: in group photograph at handing over of first three Class 5 to LMS at Scotswood  in April 1935. Locomotive Mag., 1935, 41, 151.

Wood, J.E.
Born 16 November 1898; died at work on 18 March 1950 (I. Loco. E. obituary). Joined LNWR on 8 January 1915 as a premium apprentice at Crewe CME Works. During WW1 served with Artists Rifles before transferring to the Royal Flymg Corps, where he attained the rank of Squadron Leader. On return he filled positions as District Inspector and Running Shed Foreman and was appointed  Assistant District Locomotive Superintendent at Blackpool in 1928. Following service in the offices of the District Motive Power Superintendents at Manchester and Derby Wood held appointments as District Locomotive Superintendent at Plaistow in 1936, winner of Motive Power Shield in 1938 (Locomotive Mag., 1938, 44,185). Nottingham, 1940; Kentish Town, 1943; and Leeds in 1946. On 31 January 1950 he became District Motive Power Superintendent at Newport on the Western Region where he died suddenly.

Woods, William C.
Crewe fitter who worked with No. 6100 Royal Scot on its North American tour in 1933. Locomotive Mag., 1934, 40, 20 or Backtrack, 2015, 29, 134.

Woolf, Arthur
Born in 1766 in Camborne; died on Guernsey on 26 October 1837. Cornish engineer, most famous for inventing a high-pressure compound steam engine.

Woolford, Arthur
One of the foundation members of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers (Journal, 1933, 23, 315), being elected in 1911. He was educated at Harrow Green School and in May 1881, when aged 14 entered the Stratford works of the Great Eastern Railway as an apprentice. Five years later he was promoted to the Drawing Office and then to the Works Manager's Office. Subsequently he returned to the supplementary drawing office and was engaged in designing and demonstrating the Holden oil-burning arrangement. He was later given charge of the oil gas works at Stratford, and in 1915 was appointed district mechanical engineer for the Ipswich area and subsequently was promoted district locomotive engineer. He retired in March, 1932, and died twelve months later on 13 March 1933. Also Loco. Rly Carr Wagon Rev., 1933, 39, 134..

Woolliscroft, George William
Born 17 January 1865 at Ilkeston: died on the 16 June 1948 at The Manor, Ockbrook, Derbyshire. He married Sarah Ann Wallis in 1898. George was a locomotive engineer and draughtsman. He was Lord Mayor of Ilkeston, Derbyshire in 1926 and a member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers He attended Grove House School, Mansfield, Nottinghamshire. Between 1882 and 1884 he served his apprenticeship with LNWR at Crewe. In 1886 he obtained a Whitworth Scholarship and attended Owens College, Manchester.In 1890 George joined the Midland Railway at Derby as a draughtsman. He was involved in tunnel ventilation schemes and visited Germany in this role. In 1898 he was appointed Assistant Chief Draughtsman with joint control of the drawing office at Derby. He was selected to tour the USA with Richard Deeley, Chief Mechanical Engineer, to inspect the railways and engineering works there in the summer of 1901. He became a member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers on the 31 December 1903. Richard Deeley was one of his sponsors. His obituary states that for many years he was responsible for training apprentices at Derby. He retired in 1930.
George had a keen interest in his local community. In 1907 he was elected as a member for the Derbyshire County Council on which he served for many years. He was appointed a Justice of the Peace in 1918 and served as Lord Mayor of Ilkeston for the year 1925-1926. During WW1 George was the Section Director in the Timber Supplies Department for the Ministry of Munitions. He resumed his role at Derby at the end of August 1919. In 1920 he was awarded an OBE for his service during WW1. Off Internet. In group photograph taken at Derby on 21 July 1925: Locomotive Mag., 1925, 31, 377..

Wright, Alistair
Sometime student on sandwich course at the Royal Technical College in Glasgow working at St. Rollox Works under G.S. Bellamy Backtrack, 1996, 10, 670. As St Rollox lacked a drawing office his next sandwich was spent in the drawing office at the Hyde Park Works of the North British Locomotive Company as an "improver" in 1952. He worked on the Indian railways YP pacifics for the metre gauge - a design which had been initiated by Baldwins. He also worked on the very advanced SAR 3ft 6in gauge 4-8-4 class 25 where Henschel worked as a sub-contractor - mainly on the condensing tenders. He designed the motion for this class, including the slide bars. The locomotives had very advanced valve events. As a result of this activity he was promoted to assistant draughtsman. He became very interested in the Company's archives which included those from Sharp Stewart, Dubs and Neison Reid. The company was a family firm which was not capable of adapting to the new order. Its diesel locomotives suffered from severe defects and the company was not directly involved in the high value side (engine manufacture). Backtrack, 1998, 12, 47

Wright, Benjamin Frederick
Born in London on 21 March 1845; son of Benjamin Wright from North Shields. Educated Crosby Grammar School; then apprenticed to Joseph Armstrong of the Great Western Railway. Worked with elder brother, T.H. Wright. In 1862 he became a draughtsman under William Martley on the LCDR. He was promoted to be District Locomotive Superintendent at Clapham in 1863, and at Dover in 1867. He then left the LCDR for the South Eastern Railway and was briefly at Tonbridge. He was then recommended by William Pole to the Japanese Government and became the Locomotive Superintendent and Mechanical Engineer for the Southern section of the Imperial Government Railway based at Yokohama and then at Kyoto. He designed the machinery used in constructing the Yanagase Tunnel designed by E.C. Holtham. He died on 13 February 1888. Mike Chrimes in Chrimes.

Wright, Frank T.
Born in 1883. Training: South Western Polytechnic. Siemens Brothers & Co., then Underground Electric Railways Co. of London for three years followed by; three years on the South Eastern & Chatham Railway.  Then South Indian Railway; military service presumably in WW1—Engineer Unit, Royal Naval Division for 3 months; then Inspector of Ordnance Machinery, R.A.O.C., Major, M.B.E., A.M.I.Mech.E., A.M.I.E.E. Post WW1 Royal Siamese State Railways, Bangkok, and , Source quoted on Grace's Guide; also Locomotive Mag., 1920, 26, 44

Wright, Joseph
Born in London (date unknown); died Birmingham 7 July 1859. Wright of Goswell Road, London, was a noted mail coach builder. The opening of the London & Birmingham Railway in 1838 threatened his business. He built the first LBR carriages in 1837-8, and then decided to move to Birmingham. He found a rail-connected site of 6 acres which was assigned to him on 29 October 1845. It was alongside the Birmingham & Derby Junction Railway extension of 1842 which became part of the MR in 1844. It was just North of Saltley station on the E side of the line. Joseph Wright & Sons, unincorporated partnership, began to build railway vehicles in 1845 for the LBR (LNWR from 1846); London & Brighton Railway; SER and LSWR. Mike Fell notes that Wright had an agreement with the North Staffordshire Railway to run and repair its locomotives and rolling stock. The works were extended and a part was leased to the LNWR until that company transferred its entire carriage construction to Wolverton where it had established works in 1838. When he died in 1859 the business was continued by his sons Henry and Joseph. As the railway companies expanded and built their own carriages more overseas work was taken on. By the late 1850s competing firms were being established with more modem equipment, so the firm expanded the Saltley works and the company was registered on 5 March 1862 in the name of Metropolitan Railway Carriage & Wagon Co Ltd. Marshall.
Patents (Woodcroft):
GB 8899/1841 Apparatus used for dragging or skidding wheels of wheeled-carriages. 22 March 1841.
GB 10173/1844 Railway and other carriages. 7 May 1844.
Claimed bogie: see G.H. Bailey J. Instn Loco Engrs., 1934, 24, 655
GB 11101/1846 Propelling vessels. 25 February 1846

Wydroff, Victor de
Patent appears to state of Bracknell (information off Internet) or Old Bracknell: Patent GB 3580/1842. Construction of railways; wheels to run on railways; apparatus for cleaning the rails. 29 December 1842. Andrew Dow Railway p. 271 nottes that earliest refernce to a device for snow clearance.

Wynn-Williams, Llewellyn George Henry
Educated University College, London, where he obtained his B.Sc. in Engineering. His practical experience was gained at Darlington between 1921 and 1924, when he was for three years a pupil of Sir Vincent Raven, who was at that time the Chief Mechanical Engineer of the North Eastern Railway. He then served in the testing department for one year, and in February, 1925, was appointed Supernumerary Foreman at Newport Locomotive Shed. In November, 1925, he became Shops Assistant to the Works Manager at Faverdale Wagon Works, and then, in 1928, Works Manager of St. Margaret's Works, Edinburgh, and in 1930 was appointed assistant to D.R. Edge at Dukinfield and Gorton Works. For a time he went back to Faverdale Works as Manager, but in 1934 was appointed Edge's successor as Works Manager at Dukinfield and Gorton, which post he held until his decease. Mr. Williams was a man of charming personality, and commanded the respect both of his superiors and of the workpeople under him. He was a brilliant scholar, having obtained his B.Sc. with honours. His early death (on 26 April 1936), at the age of 34, which took place after a brief illness, cut short a very promising career in the railway world. J Instn Loco Engrs., 1936, 26, 303.

Yarrow, Sir Alfred Fernandez
Born 13 January 1842; died– 24 January 1932: British shipbuilder who started a shipbuilding dynasty, Yarrow Shipbuilders. Yarrow was born of humble origins in East London. His mother was of Spanish Sephardi Jewish background. Yarrow was educated at University College School. After serving an apprenticeship in Stepney, he opened a yard — Yarrow and Hedley (a partnership) —at Folly Wall, Poplar on the Isle of Dogs in 1865 to build steam river launches. Yarrow's stern wheel steamers, designed with a shallow draft suitable for river navigation, were used in the 1884 Nile Expedition. Yarrow ventured into military vessels from the early 1870s, building torpedo boats for the Argentine and Japanese navies, among other customers. Then in 1892 he built the first two destroyers for the Royal Navy: Havock and Hornet of the Havock class. He struck up a strong friendship and correspondence with Lord Fisher, and subsequently Yarrow Shipbuilders became a lead contractor for the Royal Navy for smaller, but almost always fast, boats. By this time, the Hedley partnership had been dissolved (1875), and the company was known as Yarrow & Co, and around 1898 moved out of Folly shipyard to the nearby London Yard. It was to be a short-lived move In association with Schlick and Tweedy he developed a system for counterbalancing high speed engines. In the 1900s Yarrow gradually moved his yard northwards to Scotstoun, Glasgow, closing the London shipyard in 1908. An operation in Esquimalt, Canada, was purchased in 1913, renamed Yarrows Ltd., and after the Second World War sold to Burrard Dry Dock. He lived in Greenwich, London for some years, occupying Woodlands House in Mycenae Road, Westcombe Park for some years from 1896. In 1899, Yarrow encouraged a young engineer who lived nearby in Greenwich, Alexander Duckham, to specialise in lubricants, leading to the establishment of the Duckhams oil company Created a baronet in 1916, Sir Alfred displayed extensive philanthropic tendencies throughout his later years, donating towards: a convalescent home on the Isle of Dogs for the benefit of children; residences for soldiers' widows in Hampstead Garden Suburb (the Barnett Homestead, Erskine Hill); a school, Bearwood College, in Berkshire; a home and hospital for children in Broadstairs, Kent; a scholarship at University College London; a gallery at Oundle School in Northamptonshire; and medical research at the Royal London Hospital, Whitechapel, among other noble causes. He also left a bequest to the Institution of Civil Engineers. He was succeeded by his son Harold (1884–1962).

Yates, Henry
Born Walton-le-Dale, Preston, on 28 October 1820; died Brantford, Ontario, 22 July 1894. Locomotive engineer. Apprenticed at Nasmyth, Gaskell & Co, Patricroft. He then went to France to assist in construction of the Paris-Rouen Railway. Returned to England in 1846 and was employed in locomotive works of the LSWR to superintend constuction of locomotives and rolling stock. In 1853 he was engaged for ten years as chief locomotive superintendent on the Great Western Railway of Canada. In 1857 he completed the Buffalo & Lake Huron Railway, becoming chief mechanical superintendent and engineer. In 1862 became chief contractor for maintenance of permanent way and the whole of the works between Buffalo and Goderich. In 1863, when Sir Edward Watkin became president of the Grand Trunk Railway, Yates was appointed chief engineer of the whole railway until 1866. He was engineer and contractor for works for the GTR again in 1880-6. He also surveyed and built the Michigan Air Line Railway. In 1869 he entered into partnership with John H Stratford for supplying railway materials. Marshall..

Yeomans, D.M.
Represented Smith simple non-automatic brake att thhe Edinburgh-Glasgow brake trials of 1876: see North British Study Gp J., 1994 (57),  10

York, Reginald Stanley
Born in Shifnal, on 26 December 1883, served apprenticeship under H.A. Ivatt, at Doncaster, from 1899 to 1904. After completing his apprenticeship he remained with the Great Northern until 1910, finally occupying the position of Relief District Locomotive Superintendent at Doncaster. He was concerned in the trials made by Ivatt of the performance of one of the large Atlantic type locomotives of the latter’s design, built in the form of a 4-cylinder compound locomotive, compared with that of a standard 2-cylinder simple engine of the same class. He also played a part in the conversion of the first locomotives of the Great Northern Railway to use superheated steam. In 1910 York joined the Schmidt Superheater Co. Limited, of London, as their Colonial Engineer and Representative. In this capacity he supervised the introduction of the first five superheated steam locomotives in South Africa, proceeding also, to introduce superheating on locomotives in India, Australia and New Zealand. On the outbreak of WW1 he returned to England to enlist in the Royal Artillery, subsequently attaining the rank of Major commanding a battery of 60-pounders. Marrying in England in 1920 he returned to Australia to represent his Company (his services for this having been retained during the war), it having then become the Superheater Co. Limited, of London. In 1929, on the formation of the Superheater Co. (Australasia) Pty. Limited, he became a Director and the Manager, and, eventually, Managing Director, holding the latter position until the end of 1949, when he retired. In 1923 York was elected a Member of the Institution, and was active in its affairs in Sydney after the formation, late in 1938, of the New South South Wales Branch (now Centre). Of this he was a foundation member and, at its first meeting as a corporate body, held in 1939, occupied the Chair, in his capacity as Vice-chairman, for the presentation of the inaugural address by the Chairman-elect. During successive years he was re-elected Vice-chairman until, in 1949, he was elected Chairman. York gave two papers to the Institution-
Locomotive superheating, with special reference to headers and elements in 1941,

and in 1949 he read his Address as Chairman of the New South Wales Centre
The early history, later application and development of superheating in locomotive practice.

Mr. York died after a short illness in Sydney on 6 September 1952, at the age of 68. His death was unexpected and a great shock to his friends, associates and members of the Institution in New South Wales,

Young, Smelter Joseph  
Born in 1869,  educated at Ushaw College, Durham and at Firth College—the forerunner of Sheffield University; subsequently studied at Heidelberg University, Germany. He served his apprenticeship with Cammell-Laird & Co. and then spent some years travelling abroad-mainly in Europe (from Moscow to Lisbon) and throughout South and Central America. In 1899 he bought with his very small savings, the assets of the Tempered Spring Company Limited and founded a new company under the same name. The original firm had been formed in 1895 but was unsuccessful and was in the Liquidator’s hands at the time Young purchased it. There were then a total of 10 employees; there were over 800 by 1954. He married in 1902 Edith Aspinall, a daughter of Sir John Aspinall who was then Chief Mechanical Engineer of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway and subsequently was President of the Institutions of Civil and Mechanical Engineers. There were five children of the marriage of whom one daughter and three sons survived. On the occasion of the firm’s Jubilee in 1946 the employees persuaded him to sit for and presented him with a portrait in oils by Francis Dodd, R.A. This now hangs in the Entrance Hall of the Company. In 1913 Young joined the Board of The A.B.C. Coupler & Engineering Company Limited and he became Chairman a few years later—a position from which he retired in 1949. He saw that Company through periods of great difficulty which were overcome and replaced by substantial growth and prosperity. Died 4 May 1954. He had been a Member since 1927. J. Instn Loco. Engrs, 1954, 44