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Issue 97 (March 2018)

Mike G. Fell. A North Staffordshire cotton factory. 2-7.
Established by Richard Thompson in 1797 at Cross Heath, near Newcastle-under-Lyme

Aerial photograph of Cross Heath  cotton factory 1929 2
Ordnance Survey map Cross Heat 1924 3
Map: Plan of Gresley Canal in vicinity of Apedale Iron Works, November 1846 4
Plan of Gresley Canal  (same as above) but at Newcastle-under-Lyme end 5
Frontage of cotton factory 6
Cotton factory and manager's house 7u
Burley Pit with Manning Wardle 0-6-0ST WN 222/1866 Burley 7l

Malcolm Bobbitt. In the showroom... The Rover Jet Set. 8-13; front cover
Gas turbine driven car prototypes based on the Rover P4 75 family saloonl during the immediate post-World War II period. Raymond Loewt of the Design Studio, New York who had designed the Studebaker infuenced Maurice Wilks luxury car design, although the central fog lamp which earned the nickname Cyclops was not perpetuated. JET 1 was paited in Connaught Green had the turbine at the rear. The engine could run on petrol or paraffin. The offices behind are intersting for their Art Deco brickwork and Crittall windows. The colour image on the front cover, repeated in black & white on page 10, is based on Rover publicity material and Admiralty Arch is hinted at in the background. In 1952 JET 1 was taken to Belgium for tests on the Jabbeke Highway between Ostend and Ghent. The car was enhanced with Dunlop racing tyres and Girling disc brakes. 152 mile/h was attained. The T3 coupé attained a lap speed of 102 mile/h on the MIRA test track on 16 Swptember 1956.

Rover P4 75 saloon 8
JET 1, with an open tourer body, outside the company's Art Deco offices in Solihull 9
Rover P4 luxury saloon (publicity art work) 10 + fc
JET 1 with Steve King pasted in 12
T3 coupé 13
T3 coupé publicity material showing jet propelled generic aircraft 14
T4 gas turbine powered (looks like a Rover 2000) 15
Rover BRM racing car with gas turbine engine at Le Mans 16

Euan Corrie. Waterways of the Shropshire Union Railways & Canal Company. Part 6. 16-33
The Montgomery Canal — Frankton Junction to Newtown,

Boy, pair of donkeys and boat at Corbett's Bridge 16
Map Queen's Hotel & Corbett's Bridge 1926 17
Canal at Malthouse Bridge 18
Map: Malthouse Bridge 1926 18
Canal in disused state at Malthouse Bridge in 1980s 18
Aerial view of Pant taken during 1930s with steam train & canal & bridge visible in top right 19
Map: Pant 1926: note tramway running NW (served canal via tippler) 19
Pant: canal foreground with Shropshire Union maintenance boat & Cambrian Railways station behind 20
Pant station platforms 20
Pant with Cambrian railway line bow-girder bridge across canal in background & former stone loading activity in foreground 21
Old Rail Road Bridge across canal (no evidence that tramway crossed canal) 21
View from Llanymynech Hill with Ellesmere Canal & Cambrian Railways & Shropshire & Montgomeryshire just visible 22
Map: Llanymynech, 1926  to help sort out above 23
Llanymynech canal bridge: Welsh fishermen 24
Map: Llanymynech, 1926 24
Carreghofa Top Lock 25
Map: Careghofa locks, 1926 25
Newbridge: aqueduct across River Vyrnwy 26
Map: : aqueduct across River Vyrnwy 26
Vyrnwy aqueduct viewed from canal 27
Vyrnwy aqueduct  in March 2004 27
Canal at Clafton bridge, cottage & warehouse 28
Burgedden Top Lock (OS: Burgedin) 28
Moors Farm lift bridge 29
View from Gungrog Hall Bridge 29
Welshpool: company boat George with family crew & Welshpool & Llanfair Light Railway girder bridge over canal 30
Welshpool Lock with waterwheel in overflow channel 30
Welshpool: Ordnance Survey 25-inch map 1926 31
Hollybush Wharf from top gate of Welshpool Lock 32
View from tail of lock at Bryderwyn 33
Rock Bridge 33

Paul Jackson. Horse haulage in the South Wales Coalfield: The final decade. Part 5. 34-46
Nant Fach Colliiery owned Tresgyrch Mining Co. opened in 1991 and closed in March 1998. Work for two horses Dobbin and Patch

Patch in retirement. 47-8

The Institute: [Archive's reviews]. 49-51

Industrial railways and locomotives of Kent. Robin Waywell. 458 pp.
Industrial railways and locomotives of Cumberland. Peter Holmes. 464 pp.
Industrial Railway Society, Melton Mobray. Reviewed by Ian Parkhouse

We have reviewed various IRS handbooks in the past and both of these volumes are well up to the high standards set by the society. Both are produced to the new format which, its is believed, was set by the volumes on Co. Durham. In reality these are reference volumes, rather than a good read, and for anybody with an interest in industrial history, not just industrial railways or locomotives, they are invaluable.
Kent is an interesting volume as we have covered several of the sites featured therein within the pages of Archive over the years, indeed, this very issue has a piece on Holborough cement works and quarry. In Achive we have covered both cement and papermaking, two industries that Kent is noted for, but this volume make the reader realise the full scope of industries that once existed within the county, not to mention military railway systems.
As usual the volume includes full indexes sorted by locomotive builder; by locomotive name; and by industrial location.
The Cumberland volume follows the same format and reveals many interesting industrial concerns both large and small. Notable are the various steelworks and collieries that required larger locomotives than those seen in Kent.
Both volumes are well illustrated and are highly recommended. Membership of the IRS is also worth considering.

The London, Tilbury & Southend Railway. Volume 6: The Gravesend Ferry. Peter Kay, 80 pp. Card covers, Wivenhoe: Author. Reviewed by Ian Parkhouse  
This is the sixth volume of Peter's history of the London, Tilbury & Southend Railway and covers the Gravesend Ferry which plied between Tilbury on the north bank of the Thames and Gravesend, a distance of some 750 yards.
The first chapter looks at the pre-railway history of the various ferries that served the routes across the river and their owners! operators, some apparently more corrupt than others. The military also had an interest in the ferries in connection with a fort at Tilbury which had a slipway.
In 1852 the LT&SR got an Act to construct a line to Tilbury and also planned to open their own ferry which commenced running in April 1854 with three boats. The chapter goes on to describe how other ferries were taken over and all of the various piers used over the years in Gravesend. The Tilbury landing stages are also described in detail in the next section, followed by the same treatment of the Gravesend landings.
Then follows a chapter on the ferry boats themselves, with each one being dealt with in turn and given a full history. Details of crews and captains are also given.
All in all a fascinating story of what was once a major transport link, now sadly much reduced.

Ironstone mining in the Lincolnshire Wolds. Stewart Squires. 135 pp., softback,  Lincoln: Society For Lincolnshire History & Archaeology. Reviewed by AN (Andrew Neale?)
Although most of the iron ore produced in Britain was obtained by quarrying from open pits in some areas, notably West Cumberland and North East Lincolnshire, it was extracted by underground mining. This thoroughly researched work is a detailed study of iron ore mining at Claxby and Nettleton Top between Caistor and Market Rasen which began in 1867 and ended in 1969. Stewart Squires has researched the history of these mines for thirty years and the results are published in this book. Both the quality of the research and the quality of the publication are of a very high standard. The book includes many excellent illustrations and specially drawn maps, each chapter has a complete list of reference sources and the author has gone to great pains to seek help from a wide range of people and institutions, including surving ex miners and many others with specialist knowledge such as on the rail systems and machinery used within the mines.
This is first class publication which can be thoroughly recommended and it is hoped that it will inspire others undertaking similar research into the ind ustrial history of a particular area to aspire to publish their finished results to the same standards as seen here.

Ford design in the UK: 70 years of success. Dick Hull., 224 pp, Dorchesier: Veloce Publishing. Reviewed by Malcolm Bobbitt.
Several books have been written about Ford of Britain but this is the first time its dedicated styling department has received the benefit of detailed historical research. The author's 25 years' experience in the automotive design industry make him the ideal candidate in understanding and assessing Ford's endeavours in the United Kingdom which stretch some 70 years. This history is particularly opportune as it coincides with the 50th anniversary of the opening of the Dunton Design Studio which remains a key part of Ford' s resource in Europe. The work begins with an overview of the formative years of Ford's British operation, the author providing the reminder that this was the first overseas venture that Henry Ford instigated. History shows that its origins date from 1904 when Aubrey Blakiston and Percival Perry established the Central Motor Car Company in London selling Fords that were sent from America in crates and then assembled and sold at a rate of a few a month. The Ford Model B arrived a year later and the Model N in 1906, followed by the famous Model T in 1908. The account of Ford building its factory at Trafford Park in Manchester, and the first car to be built there on 23rd October 1911, is well known but nevertheless is an essential backdrop to the book.
Misfortunes at Ford in America were key to Ford of Britain's autonomy in the immediate post-war years which, as explained by Nick Hull, led to the new range of Consul and Zephyr models being locally styled and designed. There are interesting explanations as to the styling techniques employed on producing the post-war Anglia 100E together with the second-generation Consul and Zephyr, both being larger and more powerful than the initial models.
Much interest is to be discovered in the design processes that resulted in the Consul Classic 109E and the Anglia 105E, both cars having reverse-rake rear screens which originated from a 1953 Packard concept design and seen two years later on a Farina derived Fiat 600 coupé  that was displayed at the Turin Motor Show. Cortina, Corsair and Zodiac development is discussed in detail as the author goes on to reveal the efforts employed in devising the Mark 11 Cortina. With the opening of the huge Dunton facility in Essex, the book takes on a new impetus in tracing the designs of the Escort, Capri and Granada before more recent offerings in the shape of the Sierra, Mondeo and most recent models.
It is not only cars that are examined in this detailed and lavishly produced book which include a wealth of illustrations, many of which will be new to motor enthusiasts and historians. Commercial vehicles, from the Transit to the D-Series and Cargo trucks come under the spotlight, as do experimental vehicles which never made it to production. This extensive and thorough history of Ford's British styling facility benefits from the author's depth of research and his many interviews with those personnel involved in designing Fords built in Britain.

Lawrie Bond, Microcar man: an Illustrated history of Bond Cars. Nick Wotherspoon. 307 pp. Barnsley: Pen & Sword Transport. Reviewed by Malcolm Bobbitt.
Lawrence Bond, he preferred to be known as Lawrie amongst his friends and family, was a prolific designer and engineer of great skill whose products deserved much more acclaim than achieved. Motorists of mature years will recall seeing, and possibly driving, the tiny three-wheelers attributed tothe Lancastrian who was also responsible for the Equipe four-wheel sports coupe which saw a degree of popularity. Bond was also behind Berkeley three- and four-wheel sports cars in addition to caravans and motorcycles.
The author is acclaimed for an earlier (and less substantial) work on Lawrie Bond and his inventions, but it would be disingenuous to suggest that this book merely enlarges upon it. This edition offers a completely different and new aspect of Lawrie Bond, his efforts, successes and failures. The history commences with an overview of Bond's formative years and his interest in motor racing in the sport's 500cc category. Not only did Bond design and build his own racing cars, the skills in producing lightweight designs were the impetus for him constructing in 1948 an extremely basic three-wheeler shopping car powered by an air-cooled 1/ 8th litre (125cc Villiers) engine with its three-speed gearbox mounted directly above the single front wheel. Wotherspoon tells how Bond, strapped financially and without suitable premises to put the vehicle into production, arranged for Sharp's Commercials of Preston to undertake this.
The concept and development of the Minicar is told in two separate parts, the intervening chapters detailing Bond's ventures with the Minibyke motorcycle, its successors the BAC Lilliput and Gazelle after which came the Oscar and Sherpa scooters. Then there's the explanation about Berkeley sports cars which are still campaigned to this day by motors port enthusiasts. The Minicar theme is told in depth, as is the account of the final true Bond three-wheeler, the 875 which shared its power unit with the Hillman Imp. Nick Wotherspoon is to be con- gratulated in carefully tracing Bond history to when the firm was acquired by rival Reliant, which was the death knell to the 875 which directly competed with Reliant's own three- wheeler. This is an absorbing read which anyone with an interestin British automotive history will discover to be essential material. The book is fully illustrated and includes many importan t images from Bond and Bond family archives. If there is one slight gripeitis that some of the photographs taken of cars at motor events are of snapshot quality: the book would have benefi ted from some professional photography of surviving vehicles. Highly recommended.

Notes on an old colliery pumping engine William Thompson Anderson , 84 pp. card covers, Whitchurch (Hants): Steve Grudgings, Reviewed by Ian Parkhouse
Facsimile of a book produced in 1917 as a report on a paper given to the Manchester Geological and Mining Society on the pumping engine at the Pentrich Colliery in Derbyshire. The original paper has been reset in facsimile and, as an extra bonus, the original images used to illustrate the paper were also found by Steve Grudgings. This allowed their use in the facsimile and therefore far higher quality illustrations are to be found than we be the case with a straight reproduction (together with some extra views not originally included). As well as the original paper the follow-up discussions were also recorded and are also reproduced here to give a complete picture.
Some large scale plans of the engine are held in the Science Museum archives and these have also be included in this publication.
This is an extremely interesting work, well reproduced.

Southern style: Part Two. London, Brighton & South Coast Railway. P.J. Wisdom.120pp, card covers. Historical Model Railway Society. Reviewed by Ian Parkhouse
We have previously reviewed the first part of this series which covered the London & South Western Railway. This volume is equally as good and forms a very useful overview of the various liveries carried by locomotives, carriages and wagons as well as the painting sty les of buildings, signals and miscellaneous pieces of equipment. Not only is this an invaluable work for railway modellers but it forms a very useful research tool for historians as it gives the time bands in which the various liveries were applied and in use. The volume comes complete with a pull-out colour swatch giving accurate renditions of the colours used by the LB&SCR.

Inbye : Archive's letters page. 52

Quaker House. Rick Howell,
Working underground he remembered the buffeting percussion wave of blasting underground - for me, in metal mines abroad, the initial sharp tap, tap, tap of sound through the rock preceded the boom of the percussion. It's a sound he had npt heard or felt for years or on surface both in mining and later, in construction. It's only when you look at the gradual change in equipment and methods do you realise how much he didn't record at the time.
Steve Grudgings article on Quaker House (in the footsteps of George Orwell - he was tall too) was superb and he really did capture the dust underground! Writer only crawled along a long working coalface once in  his life-at Linby, North Notts- and vowed never to go there again .... though the steam coal winder there (1979) was simply poetry in motion; literally. A simple pleasure, but one he had been privileged to witness in "harness" winding coal.
On page 16 the haulage / winder set-up reminds me very much of the 'slusher' units he used in Australia with large electric motor driving a worm and gear box, spur gear / chain drive to the drum with air operated clutches on (in our case) both drums - the motor ran all the time, clutching in the drive to whichever rope required pull, the other declutching to allow rope to run off.
On page 28 his caption suggests a pump on the right - he is pretty certain that's a mobile transformer in what looks to be the power room - all properly supported and boarded out with corrugated sheeting.
Paul Jackson's article on Pare Level Ruston locos and in particular the RB 22s (and 19s for that matter) are another piece of history mostly consigned to memory. The tangle of chains and ropes reminds me of the mineworkings discovered under the line of the A30 bypass behind Hayle in [in Cornwall] in 1981/2.
After the discovery of distinct, mostly rectangular, blue / grey patches in yellow / orange elvan ground after topsoil strip right on the centreline of the new road (clearly filled shafts) the contractors, A. McAlpine, instigated a drilling programme to assess the extent of underground voids. This indicated voids near the shafts and nearby so a RB22 was rigged with a clamshell bucket to grab out the fill and allow' inspection'. The resulting tangle of ropes and slow activity - not to mention sterilisation of a very awkward spot on the cut/fill line - very nearly did for me as a rookie engineer a tthe time! It became clear that the workings were shallow, and locally extensive, and ultimately the whole area was dug out to 15m or so, made safe, and backfilled before the road could be completed. There are some pics of the dig I uploaded to the AditNow website under 'Mellanear Mine'.
On another occasion the groundworks contractor on the new (in 2001) Tremough site brought in a RB19 to load shuttering pans, pour concrete etc but with increased H&E liabilities in terms of testing, and without the necessary paperwork, the '19' was condemned and removed and I've not seen one since. All lifting seems to be done by specialist firms with hydraulic mobile units in general, though the new A30 dualling over Bodmin Moor had a large crawler crane handling shuttering, steel decks and concrete etc in the past year or two.

Skimpings. 52-5

Tilbury Riverside Station. 52
Aerial photograph whowing pontoon: early 1950s

Quarry — unknown location.. 53
Crushing plant with manually powered tramway off to quarry. One Great Central wagon in picture

Cheltenham & Gloucester Breweries fleet of Sentinel flat-bed lorries. 54

Sentinel advertisement. 55

Andrew Neale. Three gauges at Holborough. 56-64
Holborough Cement Works Ltd on the Medway in Kent

Aveling & Poter WN 9449/1926 2-2-0 on 8 August 1935 (George Alliez) 56
Peckett WN 1756/1928 0-4-0ST Hornpipe on 8 August 1935 (George Alliez) 57
Manning, Wardle WN 1846/1914 0-4-0ST Felspar c1953 (George Alliez) 58
Map: Holborough Cement Works 58-9
Kerr Stuart WN 1213/1914 0-4-2T Hawk on 2 April 1934 (George Alliez) 59
Montreal Locomotive Works WN 54933/1917 60
2ft gauge Bagnall WN 2073/1918 near bridge under SE&CR Medway Valley Line 8 August 1935 (George Alliez) 60
44/48 H.P. Ruston hauling loaded skip wagons to wash mill with steam navvy & quarry in background (John H. Meredith) 61
Robert Stephenson & Hawthorn WN 7813/1954 0-4-0ST Tumulus with tip wagons being loaded by diesel excavator c1958 (John H. Meredith) 61
0-4-0ST Tumulus  possibly stored out of use on 28 August 1964 62
44/48 H.P. Ruston diesel locomotive WN 200524/1950 at wash mill on 8 August 1953 (John H. Meredith) 62
3-foot gauge tramway and aerial ropeway on 17 April 1966 (Andrew Neale) 63
3-foot gauge flat wagons for carrying ropeway buckets (Andrew Neale) 63
Peckett WN 1747/1928 0-4-0ST Longfield on 6 May 1971 64

Issue 98 (June 2018)

Euan Corrie. Trent & Mersey Waterways.: Part 1. 2-16
Trent & Mersey Canal originally promoted as Grand Trunk Canal which obtained its Act on 17 May 1766. The section along the Weaver and Dane valleys was difficult to build and maintain did not open until 1777. James Brindley and the Duke of Bridgewater were involved.

Cowburn & Cowper's motor boat Swan waiting to enter Preston Brook Tunnel with steel drums for carrying carbon disulphide


Petrer Froud's hotel  boats Mabel and Forget-Me-Not at Dutton on 21 April 1982


Dutton Ordnance Survey map 1910 showing Preston Brook Tunnel and LNWR main line


Ashbrook's Bridge (3½ miles from Preston Brook)


Canal above Weaver with high water level to suit commercial traffic


Canal above Weaver at site of possible earlier breach


Saltersford Tunnel  northern entrance


Saltersford Tunnel Ordnance Survey map 1910


Saltersford Tunnel  southern portal


Steam tug towing narrow boat loaded with coal at Saltersford Tunnel  southern portal


Boats waiting to be towed through tunnels waiting at southern portal of Barnton Tunnel c1910 including Nellie


Barnton Tunnel Ordnance Survey map 1910


Barnton: view down to canal and Weaver with Wallerscote Weir


Wallerscote Works (ICI) with canal in foreground


Footbridge over canal at Winnington for pedestrian traffic to chemical works


Anderton Co. boat approaching Soot Hill Bridge


Anderton map showing Boat Lift and Winnington Works


Canal and Soot Hill Bridge at Anderton and reference to David Carden The Anderton boat lift. Black Dwarf, 2000


Breach near Marbury of 21 July 1907 (2 views)


Breach near Marbury of 21 July 1907


Horse boat Gertrude near Broken Cross Bridge and edge of ICI Lostock Works in 1950s


Paul Jackson. Horse haulage in the South Wales Coalfield: the final decade,. Part 6. 17-29
Craig-y-Llyn Colliery; Carn Cornel Collieries Nos, 2 and 3; Llechart No. 2 Colliery

Nigel and David Lassman. A country garage in the 1950s. 30-43.
Swainswick Garage which Ernest Lassman purchased in 1950 with the finance from a bequest from Mrs Adkins. Lassman had been her chauffeur. He developed the business which became a family concern  and the authors are grandsons. The garage sold petrol and did vehicle servicing. An old army lorry fitted with a winch became a breakdown  truck and a Standard Vanguard served as a taxi. In 1960 the business was sold to Fred Young and Ernest ran a driving school until his death in 1966. In September 2017 Gordon Lassman, the authors' father died: he was the last family member to work at Swainswick. See also letters in Issue 99 from Martin Gregory and from Malcolm Bobbitt

Gordon & Ronald Lassman in front of businessman's Rolls Royce outside Swainswick Garage (colour) font cover
Eva & Pearl Lassman in front of bungalow next garage (colour)


Mr Mercury logo of National Benzole (colour)


Swainswick Garage with much signage for fuel, floral baskets & AEC fuel tanker (colour)


Ernest Joseph Charles Lassman in RAF uniform


Bath Weekly Chronicle & Herald 5 August 1950 report of Adkins bequest to Ernest Lassman


Swainswick Garage before bugalow constructed


Daily Mirror 5 August 1950 report of Mrs Adkins bequest to Ernest Lassman her chauffeurr


Ernest, Ronald and Gordon Lassman and Swainswick Garage


Ernest Lassman in MG alongside Swainswick Garage: caption states Standard taxi inside See letter in Issue 99 from Martin Gregory and letter from Malcolm Bobbitt


Swainswick Garage advert in local parish magazine August 1957


Gillian Lassman alongside 1938 Morris 8 Tourer


Swainswick Garage in snow in 1950s


Bath Chronicle report of July 1954 tailback from Charmy Down to Lambridge


Bungalow with boat and cars and letter from Malcolm Bobbitt


Crashed Ford saloon SNF 232 (2 views) See letter in Issue 99 from Martin Gregory and John Clegg  and from Malcolm Bobbitt


Gordon Lassman in MG   (2 views)


Austin A40 Devon MLP 653 and National oil dispensing cabinet


Gordon Lassman with motorcycle and car GL 5282 behind


RAC patrolman on motorcycle with sidecar


Gordon Lassman with Jaguar XK 120 GFB 425 inside on of the sheds


Gordon Lassman with Jaguar XK 120 GFB 425 outside Oriell Hall


Malcolm Bobbitt. In the Showroom... Crossley RFC. 44-49.
The Crossley engineering business was founded in 1867 by Frank Crossley when he became a partner of John M. Dunlop (who had no connection with the rubber indstry) and William Crossley who had worked for Sir W. Armstrong & Co. The Crossleys were committed Christians and great philanthropists and the Salvation Army was a major beneficiary. Eventually Crossley became a limited company with works in Openshaw, Manchester. The RFC was a vehicle developed for the Royal Flying Corps prior to WW1 as the 20 / 25. It was a rugged vehicle and strongly built and more than 6000 were built for military service and following the war saw service as Flying Squad cars for the Metropolitan Police. They were constructed at a works in Gorton Lane

20 / 25 with RAF trailer conveying crashed aircraft in hot dry environment (solar topees being worn)


20 / 25 as staff car during WW1 in 1917 at Malincourt in Northern France


20 / 25 with enclosed bodywork


20 / 25 with Royal Air Force designation possibly in Egypt or North Africa conveying supplies


Preserved 20 / 25 at Brough and Kirkby Stephen vintage commercial vehicle rally in 2014


20 / 25 tenders and 20 / 30 van at 1923 Epsom race meeting with radio equipment for crowd control by Metropolitan Police


20 / 25 tender at Epsom 1923 race meeting with radio equipment for crowd control by Metropolitan Police


Ian Pope. Wingate Grange Colliery. 51-5
Seven miles north west of Hartlepool. Work to reach the coal started in 1837 and was instigated by Lord Howden. John Gully was a former prize-fighter, race hore owner and politician purchased the colliery in 1861, but died in 1863 leaving it to be operated by his executors until the Wingate Coal Co. took over in the 1880s and ran it until its take over by the National Coal Board. There was a serious accident on 14 October 1906 when 26 men and boys were killed in an underground explosion caused by coal dust. The pit closed on 26 October 1962. See also Issue 99 page 16.

Wingate Grange Colliery with main winding engine between Lord Pit and Lady Pit and Waddle Fan 50
More distant view of pit ahead as above but with chaldron wagon visible on left and mre standard wagons on right 51
Ordnance Survey 25 inch scale map of colliery 1897 edition 52
Ordnance Survey 25 inch scale map of colliery 1910 edition 52
Pit head on 14 October 1906 with relatives waiting news of miners 53
Pit head on 14 October 1906 with relatives waiting news of miners (postcard) 54
Mainly men plus one or two women and bicycles at pit head following disaster probably wanting to know whether return to work is possible (postcard) 54
Colliery yard 55
Colliery yard later than above with extra buiklings and fencing 55

Andrew Neale. Narrow gauge in the Far West: the Penlee Quarries Railway. 56-63.
Penlee & St. Ives Stone Quarries Ltd operated Gwavas Quarry and employed an Arthur Koppel 600 mm tramway with V-skips to convey crushed stone to Newlyn harbour. Freudenstein supplied a 2-4-0T WN 73/1901 which acquired the name Penlee. In July 1924 a Baldwin petrol/paraffin locomotive identical to one supplied to the Festiniog Railway was obtained. In April 1930 namely a Kerr, Stuart diesel locomotive. See also Issue 99 page 2 et seq

Gwavas Quarry and railway to Newlyn 56
Penlee with short train on 13 July 1939 57
Penlee at unknown date but in steam 58
Penlee preserved on plinth on 16 April 1963 58
Baldwin petrol/paraffin locomotive 59
Kerr, Stuart diesel locomotive in shed on 16 April 1963 60
Hunslet 2666 diesel locomotive in shed 61
Planet-Simplex diesel locomotive  (Hibberd WN 2401/1941)  on 16 April 1963 61
Ruston & Hornsby WN 375315/1954 J.W. Jenkin with Allen skips and Penlee preserved on plinth on 2 September 1963 62
J.W. Jenkin with Allen skips near loading bunkers on 12 September 1966 62
Ruston, Hornsby diesel locomotive WN 246793 in shed on 16 April 1963 63
Ruston, Hornsby diesel locomotive WN 229656 shunting on 16 April 1963 63

Skimpings: Nettlebed Smock Mill. 64
Near Henley-on-Thames: destroyed by fire in 1912

Issue 99 (September 2018)

Ian Pope. Penlee Quarry notes. 2-7
See also Issue 98.
This collection of photographs came from Mine & Quarry Engineering for March 1938 which contains an article on Cornish roadstone which was a description of the operations of Penlee Quarries Ltd. The images were prepared by Paul Jackson

Stahlbanwerke Freudenstein 0-4-0WT Penlee with train of V skips leaving storage hoppers at quarry 2
Narrrow gauge railway at quarry face and preparatory work to develop face at lower level 3
Drilling operations preparatory for blasting 4
Rocks following initial blast and requiring further drilling and blasting or sledging (explosives attached to rock surface) 4
entrance to primary cruahers 5
main chipping plant 5
conveyor belt and selector bins 6
30-inch troughed conveyor belt on turntable to enable stone chips to be stored by siz 6
Baldwin locomotive with skips 7
Penlee with train of skips at Newlyn harbour being unloaded onto a conveyor for transfer to coasting vessel 7

Euan Corrie. Trent & Mersey Waterways: Part 2. 8-14
Part 1 see Issue 98

Condensed milk factory and Big Lock at Middlewich with horse boat leaving southwards 8
Middlewich with horse boat having passed under road bridge is passing Town Wharf 9
Ordnance Survey map locating above scenes 9
Brook's Lane Bridge, Middlewich 10
Wardle Turn at Middlewich in 1960s with dereliction on canal and traffic on A533 11
Ordnance Survey map locating above scenes 11
Middlewich view from tail of King's Lock towards link to Shropshire Union Canal via Wardle Canal 12
Rumps Lock lookking north towards Middlewich with Booth Lane on left and Ectrolytic Alkali works on right 13
Middlewich Salt Co. works later Cerebos 13
boat approaching Crows Nest lock 14
Wheelock: old bridge over canal 14

fn: Condensed mil under the Milkmaid brand was produced for the Anglo-Swiss company, but production ceased here in 1931 and then became a sik mill annd after that a string factory before being demolished.
fn Ectrolytic Alkali works used Hargreaves-Bird cells and manufactured bleach and caustic soda at Cledford. James Hargreaves, the co-inventor became works manager. Works became part of Brunner Mond in 1919 and closed in 1929.

Inbye: Archive's letters page. 15

A country garage. Martin Gregory  
Errors: may be memory lapses by the author.
Front Cover: The car is a post war Bentley from the radiator. (Both Rolls Royce and Bentley used the same bodies then).
p 34: The car in the garage is not a Standard Vanguard which had a very distinctive bulbous rear end. I don't know what make it is.
p 39: The car does not fit my memories of Ford of the era. The window / door construction and the exposed hinges on the boot suggest to me a Morris Six or Wolseley of the time.

Car crash.  John Clegg
One minor correction, which MaJcolm Bobbitt may already have spotted: In the article by Nigel and David Lassman about their family garage, the overturned car pictured on page 39 is not a Ford but appears to be a Series II Morris Oxford (1954-6).

Bentley v Rolls. Malcolm Bobbitt  
The story about the businessman, his Rolls-Royce and his girlfriend in Bath, made me smile. The reference to his car obviously marries up with the front cover — except that the businessman did not have a Rolls-Royce. The car on the front cover is a Bentley S. Even though in post-war years the Rolls-Royce and Bentley emerged from the same factory at Crewe, Rolls-Royce and Bentley customers were miles apart. A Bentley customer would have nothing to do with a Rolls-Royce, preferring the sporting attitude of the former with its softer and more graceful styling rather than the latter's staid luxury and its arguably ostentatious Grecian Temple radiator, and all the snobbery that went with it. As I stated, the car depicted is a Bentley S, probably the original model which was introduced in 1955 with its six-cylinder in-line engine, this becoming known as the S1 when the S2 with its V8 engine came out in 1959. There was an S3 but that did appear until late 1962. The frontal appearance of the Bentley S was quite different to that of a Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud of the same era. Also, the Rolls-Royce name always had a hyphen, ever since the marque was established.
The pictures captioned as a crashed Ford do not depict a Ford. I suspect, however, that the crashed car might well be the Standard 8 seen on page 38. The mention of the Standard Vanguard taxi in the shed, page 34, is misleading as there isn't a Vanguard in sight. The rear of the car in the right hand premises (the shed?) looks like a pre-war car, or one sold immediately post-war. The make is not apparent. It could be that Swains wick Garage did have a Standard Vanguard, both the phase 1 (1947-1952) and II 1952-1956) were popular with the taxi trade; there was also a Phase II diesel and then a Phase Ill, 1955-1958, but none of these can be seen. One last thing, in the contents my name has been incorrectly shown —but I am quite used to it!
We would like to apologise to Malcolm for this typographic error.

Waterworks back in steam. 15
Twyford Waterworks near Winchester, Hampshire was back in steam during summer of 2018. Works featured in Issue 56 and were privileged to be given a tour of the site at the same time. A return visit is now due! Their press release states: 'The Twyford Waterworks Trust is delighted to announce that their 1906 Babcock and Wilcox water tube boiler and 1914 Hathorn Davey triple expansion steam pumping engine are now back in steam after a long period of restoration funded by Heritage Lottery Fund as part of our ambitious "Return to Steam" RTS Project. The boiler and engine were last steamed in 2003. The RTS Project has also provided new, exciting interpretation of the whole site, internal refurbishment of the main buildings and new and enhanced facilities for our volunteers and visitors, together with extensive building renovation provided by Southern Water.' The final open day for 2018 is the 7 October. Full details can be found on their website:

Where are we? 15
The only clue as to the location of this view is that is was entitled 'The Old Shoddy'. Can any reader help with further details? The headframes suggest Midlands, possibly the Staffordshire or Leicestershire coalfield.

Follow-Up: Wingate Grange Colliery. 16
c1900 before installation of Waddle fan looking towards main winding house (glass lantern slide)

Skimpings : a pair of Fodens. 17
Foden steam lorries supplied to William Hammond Ltd., fire brick manuafacturers at Port Shrigley, near Macclesfield

Paul Jackson. Pantygasseg Colliery Part 1. location & history. 18-47
Pantygasseg Colliery was final lpocation of horse haulage in Uniteed KingdomMynyddislwyn

Bucyrus -Brie working walking dragline at  Pantygasseg c1955.  See Issue 51 page 4 and fn3 18
Coal Authority's licensing map (see also Issue 95 page 38 et seq as this map extends over that area) 19
Ordnance Surve99-y map First edition of Blaen-y-cwm Colliery 20
Pantygasseg Colliery Mynyddislwyn seam 1/2500 scale: Coal Authority abandonment plan 21
enlargement of Coal Authority abandonment plan showing levels worked 22
Desmond & Desmond business card 23
plan submitted in 1995  in support of planning appication for level C 23
Pantygasseg Colliery on 30 June 1980 (Peter Nicholson): Danny (horse) exiting Level F. fn4 24
Pantygasseg Colliery on 30 June 1980 (Peter Nicholson): Danny (horse) fn4 24
Pantygasseg Colliery on 30 June 1980 (Peter Nicholson): Danny (horse) about to enter covered area 24
Pantygasseg Colliery on 30 June 1980 (Peter Nicholson): Danny (horse) on curved track near tipping area 25
Pantygasseg Colliery on 30 June 1980 (Peter Nicholson): close up of Danny (horse), dram and collier 25
Pantygasseg Colliery on 30 June 1980 (Peter Nicholson): covered track and highwall 25
Pantygasseg Colliery on 30 June 1980 (Peter Nicholson): Danny on curved track near tipping area viewed from rear (highwall on left) 26
Pantygasseg Colliery on 30 June 1980 (Peter Nicholson): Danny (horse) being detached from dram 26
Pantygasseg Colliery on 30 June 1980 (Peter Nicholson): dram being unloaded by a younger worker 26
Pantygasseg Colliery on 30 June 1980 (Peter Nicholson): younger worker attempting to hold dram on descent 27
Pantygasseg Colliery on 30 June 1980 (Peter Nicholson): Danny with collier in dram leaving covered area 27
Pantygasseg Colliery on 30 June 1980 (Peter Nicholson): Danny with collier in dram entering level: old tyres providing ground support 27
Pantygasseg Colliery on 30 June 1980 (Peter Nicholson): Danny underground with colliier adjusting collar and bridle 28
Pantygasseg Colliery on 30 June 1980 (Peter Nicholson): old dram blocking a tunnel inside colliery 29
dram from Blaendare Colliery preserved at Risca Industrail Museum (2 views) 29
M & Q Form 231 for Pantygasseg Colliery filled in by Steve with eccentric date 30
M & Q Form 231 for Pantygasseg Colliery for 13 October 1998 30
introduction of conveyor on 9 and 10 March 1999 (2 forms) 31
final day of working by Robbie the horse (form) 31
Pantygasseg Colliery: sketch plans for tramways used for horse traction in 1998 32
Pantygasseg Colliery in spring 1982 (Alan Burgess): colour illustration: Danny hauling steel dram from level: wooden doors protect entrance 33
colour illustration: (Paul Jackson) in 1989: highwall  viewed  from above & opposite with entrance to mine: old tyres providing ground support 33
colour illustration: (Paul Jackson) in 1989: Danny (newer horse) with loaded dram exiting level: timber forming entrance & old tyres ground support 34
colour illustration: (Paul Jackson) in 1989: Danny heading towards covered area 34
colour illustration: (Paul Jackson) in 1989: covered area viewed from above with office and stable (old railway van body) 35
colour illustration: (Paul Jackson) in 1989: looking east fom entrance to colliery; tack from No. 3 mouth to covered entrance to fourth tippler 36
colour illustration: (Paul Jackson) in 1989: No. 3 mouth with gate at colliery entrance 36
colour illustration: (Paul Jackson) in 1989: No. 3 mouth with two drams constructed by Desmonds 36
colour illustration: (Paul Jackson) in 1991-7: Robbie hauling dram of coal from No. 3 entrance 37
colour illustration: (Paul Jackson) in 1991-7: Robbie hauling dram loaded with large props 37
colour illustration: (Paul Jackson) in 1991-7: Gremlin returning empty dram crossing road to Blaen-y-Cwm 37
colour illustration: (Paul Jackson) in 1991-7: Gremlin led by Steve Desmond with loaded dram lleading to tippler 38
colour illustration: (Paul Jackson) in 1991-7: Gremlin leaving tippler with empty dram 38
colour illustration: (Paul Jackson) in 1991-7: points on track leading to tippler 38
colour illustration: (Paul Jackson) in 1991-7: Gremlin about to negotiate points with empty tippler passing green painted corrugated cladding 39
colour illustration: (Paul Jackson) in 1991-7: siding with drams & greaser 39
colour illustration: (Paul Jackson) in 1991-7: same siding as above but viewed in opposite direction 39
colour illustration: (Paul Jackson) in 1991-7: Robbie  with load of coal & Steve Desmond loosening door on dram ready for tippler 40
colour illustration: (Paul Jackson) in 1991-7: points on track leading to maintence siding & loading shovel behind 40
colour illustration: (Paul Jackson) in 1991-7: Gremlin approaching tippler with a load of coal 40
colour illustration: (Paul Jackson) in 1991-7: Gremlin with empty dram and corrugated iron protecting No. 4 Mouth behind 41
Graham Smith, veterinary surgeon examining Meverick with No. 4 Mouth behind in June 1992 (Steve Grudgings) 41
colour illustration: (John Tickner) in April 1998: Level C:: Gremlin with load of coal exiting mine 42
colour illustration: (John Tickner) in April 1998: Level C:: Gremlin climbing towards tipplers 42
colour illustration: (John Tickner) in April 1998: Level C:: Gremlin and Robbie at tipplers 42
colour illustration: (Paul Jackson)  in December 1998: distant view of Robbie with dram 43
colour illustration: (Paul Jackson)  on 31 January 1999: final track layout for horse haulage 43
colour illustration: (Paul Jackson)  on 31 January 1999: final track layout for horse haulage with No. 4 Mouth behind 43
colour illustration: (Paul Jackson)  on 31 January 1999: final track layout for horse haulage: trackk to second tippler 44
colour illustration: (Paul Jackson)  on 31 January 1999: final track layout for horse haulage: dram on tippler 44
colour illustration: (Paul Jackson)  on 24 May 1999 posed picture of Gremlin with Mike and Steve Desmond 44
colour illustration:(Steve Grudgings) in July 1992: underground showing high standard of timbering 45-6
diagram showing face supports 47

fn3: draglines were named Maid Marian and Clinchfield and imported secondhand from USA by NCB
fn4: wooden drams used for hauling waste were ex-Blaendare Colliery at Upper Race wwahere used to handle fireclay: track gauge 2ft 5in.

Malcolm Bobbitt. In the Showroom: 1948 London Motor Show and Morris Minor. 48-56.
Alec Issigonis design work on which started in 1941.

The Motor cover (October 1948) (colour) 48
London Motor Show Earls Court Ford stand 49
London Motor Show Earls Court Daimler stand 50
Morris Minor publicity dated April 1949 £299 plus purchase tax £83. 16. 1 51
Mosquito prototype EX/SX/86 of 1943 52
Mosquito prototype of 1945 53
Mosquito prototype/Morris Minor 54
Morris Minor with  modified headlights to meet United States regulations 55
Morris Traveller estate car 56

The Institute: Archive's Reviews. 56-7

Donald Healey's 8C Triumph Dolomite. Jonathan Wood. Jonathon Turner and Tim Whitworth (publisher). Bowcliffe Hall, Branham, Wetherby, Yorkshire LS23 6LP. 300 pp. Hardback. £75. Reviewed by Malcolm Bobbitt. 56-7
A tome packed with detailed information about the history of two individual cars is a measure of an author's skill, knowledge and research ability. In this lavishly produced edition, Jonathan Wood has excelled himself by generating a truly absorbing account of Donald Healey's quest to create for Britain via the Triumph marque an exotic sports car which would rival what was then viewed as the ultimate in sporting machines in the shape of Italy's Alfa Romeo 8C. The fact that just as the first two vehicles were built, and the adventurous project was all but consigned to history, there existed an enigma which over more than eight decades has intrigued automotive historians. The mystery surrounding the cars has been exacerbated by as much fiction as fact, and thanks to the author the history of the Dolomite has been unravelled and placed in a correct order.
In chronicling the fate of Triumph's masterpiece Jonathan Wood has uncovered a wealth of previously unrecorded information, and in the process has ventured along many avenues associated with the saga of the cars, the events and the personalities surrounding them. Thus at the commencement of the work there is an overview of Bentley's final racing days, an enthralling account of the Alfa Romeo era as well as a delightful scene recalling the golden age of British motor racing. It is Donald Healey who is at the hub of the narration, along with personalities to include Tony Rolt, Frank Warner, Tommy Wisdom, Robert Arbuthnot and others such as WaIter Belgrove who were then an intrinsic part of Britain's motoring scene. Just as important were the custodians of the cars before Jonathan Turner and Tim Whitworth, about whom there is much revealed. There's more, too, in the striking specially commissioned photography as well as the assembly of fine and mostly rare or previously unseen archive images.
The work is a major landmark in automotive history, and as a limited edition will be keenly sought after. One word is all that is needed to describe this book: magnificent!

The Yorkshire Coalfield. Christine Leveridge and Dave Fordham. Fedj-el-Adoum Publishing, Doncaster, 160 pp. Softback. Reviewed by Ian Pope. 57
The sub-title of this volume: Pits and Mining Communities depicted on a selection of old postcards and ephemera, really sums up exactly the contents of this delightful work. The book is divided into five parts:
The Introduction covers the geology and history of the Yorkshire coalfield plus a resume of the postcard phenomena and the photographers to whom we should be so grateful for recording the industrial scene.
Mining the Coal looks at the collieries themselves plus marketing, transport and management.
The Mining Community which looks at housing, royal visits, disasters, the Mines Rescue Service, strikes, unionism and welfare.
A colour section of sixteen pages with tinted postcards and ephemera.
A Directory of the coalfield on postcards with opening and closing dates of each colliery featured.
The scope of the images is most impressive and reproduction is good together with informative captions. Anexcellent book giving a wonderful oversight of the coalfield and the life of the mining communities. It is also good to see some coverage of the marketing and transporting of the coal, an aspect often missed in mining histories. Recommended.

Dearne Valley collieries; communities & transport. Dave Fordham. Fedj-el-Adoum Publishing, Doncaster, 296 pp. Softback. Reviewed by Ian Pope, 57
For 150 years the Dearne Valley was the centre of coal production in the South Yorkshire coalfield and names like Grimethorpe, Manvers Main and Hickleton Main became famous throughout the area. It has been described by some as the Golden Triangle in terms of the historical interest and industrial heritage. This first part of the book looks at the growth, working life and eventual closure of the eighteen collieries that were in the valley. The second part describes the mining villages that grew up alongside the collieries. Many of these are not quiet how your reviewer thought they would be looking far more village-and community like - than settlements connected with other industries in Yorkshire The third part illustra tes the transport networks of the valley that were important both in transporting the workforce to and from the collieries and the coal from the pithead to its destination. Road, rail and canal are all covered. The book features 230 illustrations, many of which have never been previously published, and here perhaps is the only slight criticism in that a number are reproduced side by side and are thus rather small leaving the reader struggling to discern detail. Overall a good book, full of well researched fact.

Waterways Journal Volume 20 The Waterways Museum Society Ltd National Waterways Museum, Ellesmere Port 74 pp. Softback. Reviewed by Ian Pope
We have reviewed a number of Waterways Journals over the years and each gives an interesting insight into aspects of life and work on the canal and inland waterways system. This issue is no different and contains articles on Traffic on the Upper Dee; Nationalisation and inland waterways (very apt for 2018 being 70 years since the Act was enabled); British Waterways' early involvement in leisure craft; The development of the Archive at Ellesmere Port; and a report on the recent removal of boats from Ellesmere Port. As usual the historical articles are well researched and illustrated. A favourite view being taken at Hanwell of all three forms of nationalised transport —rail, road and canal. In adding to the databank of knowledge your reviewer was surprised at the early involvement of the newly-formed British Waterways in pleasure cruising and boat hire. We look forward to Volume 21.

Skimpings 2: Boring. 58-9
Four photographs of kit used to sink artesian boreholes. The plant includes a vertical boiler, a portable steam engine with a belt to a drilling rig and a very crude horizontal boiler engine  with tall removable chimney. The fourth photograph shows that the pant was owned by C. Isler of London

Skimpings 3: a unique Forest roller. 60-1
Arthur Wilmot Trotter, born on 2 July 1888 was a Forest of Dean mechanical engineer built a small steam roller in 1938 from oddments (the rollers are believed to have been shafting pulleys). It was used to maintain his gravel drive. On Trotter's death in 1977 it went to the Gloucester Folk Museum.

Skimpings 4 : Sheffield. 62-3
Great Central Railway west of Sheffield Victoria station: photograph probably taken from Royal Victoria Hotel. Robinson locomotives: 0-6-0 and 4-4-0. penny lift in foreground. Shireoaks and A.I.C. coal wagons.

Skimpings 5: Small Hythe. 64
Small sailing cargo vessel at wharf on a tributary to River Rother. Vessel possibly based at Rye and owned A.W, Body. Cargo being unloaded by wheelbarrow. Ellen Terry's farm behind

Issue 100 (December 2018)

Alan M. Keef. Light railways of the Great War. 2-14.
Very few from British sources: mostly French, Canadian or German in origin

British soldiers posed during railway construction of cutting in chalk with skips and Simplex locomotive


Pechot Bourdron ariculated locomotive with train of tree trunks to consolidate trenches


Kerr Stuart 0-6-0Ts similar to Decauville Joffre class


Pechot Bourdron ariculated locomotive with train of Pechot well wagons with removable stanchions (one had sixwheel bogies)


German Feldbahn 0-8-0T with Kleine Linder axles being craned off at Danube harbour


German Feldbahn 0-6-0T with train in German South West Africa (Namibia)


Decauville 0-6-0T with military train watched by British soldier crossing from Greek to Serbian territory


Hand operated tramway conveying wounded soldiers back from frontline


Transfer of wounded from tramway onto main 60 cm network with 20 hp Simplex tractor (locomotive) with Dorman engine exposed


Canadian casualties being conveyed by substantial light rail train


Canadian casualties being conveyed by substantial light rail train showing perol locomotive


Canadian train setting out with supplies for Vimy Ridge with early petrol locomotive


Canadian ffixing a turntable near Lens


Canadian railraod battalion base in extreme cold with snow


German (Orenstein & Koppel?) locomotive captured by Canadians


Captured by British troops: German Baldwin 4-6-0T locomotive No. 796 in August 1918


Orenstein & Koppel locomotive used by Army Service Corps to evacuate stores from a fire in Saalonika


Dick Kerr petrol electric locomotive being operated by Canadians to move shells to front through ruined village


Three French Decauville locomotive haule trains carrying heavy shells from supply base to guns nearer the front


Loading heavy shells onto railway wagons at French artillery supply base


French engineers constructing railway in the Argonne with Decauville 0-6-0T


French engineers digging drainage ditch beside railway in the Argonne (many workers not in uniform: loading V-skips


French use of captured? Deutz internal combustion locomotive to haul trucks loaded with water in barrels to trenchs


King George V inspecting  British forestry men at work in French forest being propelled by Simplex 20 hp tractor


King George V inspecting  British forestry men at work in French forest from covered modified wagon in Hesdin Forest


Deutz locomotive with steam from cooling system hauling German troops in retreat


Deutz locomotive on German light railway at Zandvoorde in Belgium: sugar beet line?


Euan Corrie. Trent & Mersey Waterways: Part 3. 14-19
Very good Youtube clip of Hall Green branch very helpful: even captures a Pendolino! Next part

Plants lock (No. 41): double lock (one chamber out use) on 11 August 1964 (John E. Lynam) 14
Hall Grreen branch crossing Trent & Mersey by aqueduct 15u
Hall Green branch aqueduct over Liverpool Road (John Ryan collectiion) 15l
Stop locks on Macclesfield and Trent & Mersey canals at Hall Green with lock keeper's cottages on 20 April 2009 (Philippa Corrie) 16
View from nortern portals of Hartecastle tunnels with NSR maintenance boat* (John Ryan Collection) 17
Trubshaw Cross Bridge at Longport with corrugated iron accretions since replaced (John Ryan Collection 18u
Mersey Weaver & Ship Canal Carrying Co. wharf at Middleport (John Ryan Collection) 18l
View from canal towards Stoke church with bottle ovens & smoke (John Ryan Collection) 19u
Wedgwood's Etruria Works and Trent & Mersey Canal (Neil Parkhouse Collection) 19l

* long caption gives details of maintenance boat and notes that photograph predates introduction of electric tugs in tunnel (initially battery, later with overhead conductor)

Paul Jackson. The Locomotives of James C. Kay & Co. Ltd. and the saga of the Company's earlier history. 20-39
William Kay  operatred a foundry in Bury Lane in 1824. From 1835 he employed William Bacon as manager. James Clarkson Kay, born in 1811, was in charge of the Phoenix Foundry from at least 1851 and it grew to a substantial concern constructing stationary engines and castings and forgings of engineering components. James Clarkson died in 1886 and the impetus was lost. James C. Kay Co. Ltd was a post WW1 development formed on 31 JUne 1921 and the locomotive venture was brief. Locomotive 1 possibly worked at Trentabank Reservoir near Macclesfield: see Harold D. Bowtell Reservoir railways of Manchester and the Peak. (Oakwood, 1977). Follow up see Issue 101 p. 32 et seq

James C. Kay  standard gauge locomotive on Heap Bridge branch  20
Dancers End engine as preserved at London Museum of Steam & Water at Kew Bridge 21
Brass plate on controls of Kay engine 21
Phoenix Foundry 1893 25-inch Ordnance Survey map 22
Albert Iron Works?, Brook Street, 1910 25-inch Ordnance Survey map 22
Phoenix Foundry in 1908 located Heap Bridge map 23
Phoenix Foundry in 1930 25-inch Ordnance Survey map 24
James C. Kay & Co. advertisement from 1905 Mechanical World Year Book 24
James C. Kay & Co. advertisement from 1913 Mechanical World Year Book§ 24
Muir Hill locomotives: advertisement from Quarry Managers Journal in 1927 25
James C. Kay & Co. advertisement for Premier locomotive from Quarry Managers Journal in November 1930 25
James C. Kay & Co. catalogue of narrow gauge locomotves (4 pages) 26-7
James C. Kay & Co. Premier petrol-paraffin locomotives cover of catalogue 27
American Waukesha model V engine with Ricardo cylinder head from contemporary sales leaflet (2 pages) 28
Kay narrow gauge locomotve (2ft 8½in) enlargement from image below 29
Kay narrow gauge locomotve att work at South Witham Quarries of Stanton Ironworks: also wagon lift up to standard gauge 29
James C. Kay & Co. letterhead 30
James C. Kay & Co. catalogue of standard gauge locomotves (4 pages) 30-1
Kay standard gauge locomotve  enlargement from image above 31
Kay standard gauge locomotve at Clarence Dock power station 32
Waukesha model DR engine catalogue with Ricardo cylinder head (4 pages) 33
Kay standard gauge locomotve  on Heap Bridge branch 34
Kay standard gauge locomotve  on Heap Bridge branch (opposite side view) 34
Kay narrow gauge locomotve att work in Knostrop Sewage Leeds with train of compressed sewage cake 35
Kay narrow gauge locomotve (1ft 11½in)  Brian Webb Collection) 36
Kay narrow gauge locomotve: two opposite vies (Brian Webb or Brian Webb Collection) 37
Driver cabin provided to prevent of seage cake (Brian Webb Collection) 37
Kay Premier narrow gauge locomotve: advertisement from Quarry Managers Journal 1 March 1930 38
Kay Premier narrow gauge locomotve: with Hudson wagons: advertisement from Roads and Road Construction March 1930 38
Kay Premier narrow gauge locomotve: with Hudson wagons from unknown technical journal 39
Kay standard gauge locomotve  on Heap Bridge branch from The Eastern and Indian Engineer advertisement 29

§makers of Coffeyt's patent tube and cab tyre forcing machine

Malcolm Bobbitt. In the showroom: Land Rover, 40-7
Based on the American Jeep, but with an aluminium body to inhibit rust which plagued the American vehicle, developed by Maurice Wilks in the immediate post WW2 period

Arthur Goddard in the passenger seat in protootype Land-Rover on MIRA test circuit water section in January 2009 (colour) 40
Centre steer prototype photographed in 1947 41
Recreation of centre steer prototype photographed in 2018 (colour) 41
Pre-production Land-Rover HUE 166 leading procession of Land-Rovers in January 2016 when production of Defender ceased (coloour) 42
Jeep 43
Wilys Jeep 44
Advertisement for Land-Rover of 30 April 1948 to coincide with Amsterdam Motor Show 46
LAO 351Land-Rover painted light green (colour) 47

Inbye : letters page. 48

Lochaline Sand Mine. Robin Barnes
When visiting Western Highlands of Scotland Barnes found remains (2ft gauge V skip) at Lochaline where there is a silica sand mine which used to use a railway to convey its output to a pier, but hassince built a pier adjacent to the mine. The Industrial Railway Society's Scottish handbook lists seven petrol or diesel locomotives. Illustration of |V skip and BCP plate

The Institute: Archive's Reviews 48-9

Honister Slate Mine. Alastair Cameron and Liz Withey. Amberley Publishing. 96pp.
Long history, light railways to convey slate to Braithwaite on Cockermouth, Kendal & Penrith Raailay. Closue of mine in 1986, but reopened in 1996,

Southern style after Nationalisation. John Harvey. Historical Model Railway Society. 160pp.
Aimed at model railay builders

Skimpings. 49
Photograph near Corby c1910: workman's hut, workmen with rake/forks  and pipes for smoking and primitive narrow gauge railway with hutches and turntable (hardly preliminary works for East Midlands electrification!)

More on Frimley Aqueduct: notes by Ian Pope, images Andrew Neale. 50-64
See also Issue 31 page 50
. Works connnected with the extension of four track main line towards Basingstoke virtually certainly undertaken by John Aird & Partners who at that time were building the huge Nile barrages at Aswan and extensions to Southampton Docks: note Egyption engineers present in 60 upper. See also Follow up in next Issue..

Original brick built aqueduct with twin arches 50
Canal with men fishing in vicinity of aqueduct on 14 July 1902 51
Ordnance Survey 1919 map of aqueduct 51
Boat house near aqueduct on Basingstoke Canal c1906 52
Skiff on Basingstoke Canal at timber-reiforced Frimley Bridge 52
View towards Frimley Bridge on 14 July 1902 53
Drained canal with substantial timbers put in place 53
Large wooden dams to keep water out and trough to enable water to pass working site 54
Large wooden dam at other end with boiler and pump and contractors hut 55
Messrs Meyrick, Macrone and Fisher in extension of above view 55
Timber works on canal bed to enable aqueduct extension over widened railway 56
Timber works on canal bed with earth removal by men and barrow 57
Timber works on canal bed with earth removal by men and barrow 57
View from railway excavation angle with hand excavation and temporary railway 58
View from railway excavation angle with hand excavation and temporary railway 58
View of main line and aqueduct and new works 59
Manning Wardle D or E class locomotive on new works: probably John Aird & Sons contract 59
Brickwork being installed watched by Macrone, Szlumper and Eyptian engineers 60 upper
New arches under construction 60
Deepcut end of original arches and work alongside 61
Bricklayers on invert for canal extension? 61
Nearly complete extended aqueduct 62
Brick invert for extended aqueduct 63
Canal refilling in winter 63
Diver beneath aqueduct  with freight train passing. See also Follow up in next Issue. 64

Issue 101 (March 2019)
Danny in June 1992 on vet's annual inspection day

Paul Jackson.  Pantygasseg Colliery Part 2 Horse haulage and the horses. 2-19.

Graham Smith, veterinary surgeon, examing Maverick on 17 June 1992 2
M, & Q. form 265: Horse-keeper's daily report of horses under his care, 19 August 1992 3
M, & Q. form 265A: vet's inspection on  11 April 1990 4
Danny at work at  Pantygasseg Colliery in June 1980 (3 views) 4
Brecon with collier Mike Desmond (3 colour views) 5
Maverick (colour view) 6
Maverick  with vet Graham Smith on 17 June 1992 6
Official report by Graham Smith on Brecon,  Danny and Maverick on 17 June 1992 7
Danny at work in 1989 (colour view) 7
Danny at work in 1989 (colour view) 8
M, & Q. form 265: Horse-keeper's daily report: 15 March 1993 8
M, & Q. form 265: Horse-keeper's daily report: 7 March 1997 9
M, & Q. form 265: Horse-keeper's daily report:  August 1997 9
M, & Q. form 265: Horse-keeper's daily report. 17 February 1999 10
Duke (2 colour views) one with Sally his owner and local vicar near Lowestoft in 2018 10
Duke (2 colour views) : how he escaped & entered barley field & Newmarket Equine Hospital 11
Gremlin moving dram at  Pantygasseg Colliery (2 colour views) 12
Gremlin on final days at Pantygasseg Colliery (2 colour views) 13
M, & Q book 231 4 May 1999 13
Robbie at Pantygasseg Colliery (2 colour views) 14
Robbie at Pantygasseg Colliery (2 colour views) including one with Desmond holding dram back to protect horse 15
Robbie at Pantygasseg Colliery (colour view) 16
M, & Q. form 265: Horse-keeper's daily report: 1 April 1999 17
M, & Q book 231 24 May 1999: GMTV and BBC television cameras to film Gremlin 17
Steve's record of RSPCA collecting horses on 25 March 1999 18
Risk assessment for horse haulage at Pantygasseg Colliery 18
Robbie in retirement at NCMME in Yorkshire (3 colour views) 19

Malcolm Brown. Kennetpans Distillery and its Boulton & Watt engines. 21-31
Kennetpans Distillery is a Scheduled Monument. Prior to 1799 families who laboured in the salt pans and coal mines were treated as slaves. This included the women who were forced to carry coal to the surface. The distillery produced gin; much of which was exported to England, but the London distillers imposed a tax in 1788 which forced the Kennetpans Distillery to close which caused considerable hardship in Clackmannanshire. The drawings are held by Birmingham Library

Kennetpans feus: coloured plan 20
Remains of Kennetpans Distillery (colour photograph) 21
Gin shop cartoon 23
Boulton & Watt engine in the Verdant Jute Works in Dundee 24
General section of John Stein's engine 15 November 1786 25
Boiler for Stein engine 26
Plan showing mill stones 27
Flywheel 27
Working gear 28
Parallel motion 29

Andrew Neale. More about the locomotives of James Kay — a follow up; with captions by Paul Jackson. 32-9.
Original feature Issue 100 page 20.

Kay narrow gauge locomotive: cab layout showing control levers and taps for petrol or paraffin 32
Kay narrow gauge locomotive: Wauksha 100 cc 40 hp engine 33
Kay narrow gauge locomotive: engine compartment closed 34
"Premier" narrow gauge industrial locomotive 35
"Premier" narrow gauge industrial locomotive catalogue 36-8
Letter to Sligo, Leitrim & Northern Counties Railway 19 December 1929 39

Euan Corrie. Trent & Mersey Waterways: Part four. 40-53
Previous part Text mentions Leek branch and Rudyard Lake

Cheddleton Wharf 40
Boat load of limestone on Caldron branch near Willow Cottage Bridge 41
Ordnance Survey 25-inch (reduced) surveyed 1922 as above 41
Consall Forge where Canal  enters River Churnet 42
Ordnance Survey 25-inch (reduced) surveyed 1922 as above 42
Consall Forge  with steps to lime kiln, looking north towards weir 43
Ordnance Survey 25-inch (reduced) surveyed 1922 as above Consall station 43
View from Black Lion looking upstream with kilns and canal flat 44
Looking in opposite direction towards Black Lion and railway and separation of canal from Churnet 44
Canal at Consall Forge with bridge near bridge on North Staffordshire Railway 45
North Staffordshire Railway passenger train hauled by 2-4-0 adjacent canal with horse drawn boat 46
Bridge above Flint Mill Lock with boat loaded with broken limestone 47
Boat loaded with broken limestone leaving Froghall 47
Froghall: view from Ipstones Road over Thomas Bolton's Brass Works 48
Ordnance Survey 25-inch (reduced) surveyed 1922 as above 49
Froghall: basin with start of railway (former canal) branch down to Uttoxeter 50
Ordnance Survey 25-inch (reduced) surveyed 1922 as above 51
Froghall: mainly railway and narrow gauge tramway acticty from Couldron Low Quarries and Tarmacadum plant 52
Froghall: boat being loaded with blocks of limestone off tramway wagon 52
Feeder from Rudyard Lake at Bushton? (Rushton) with children fishing 53
Dane Valley feeder channel with square boat 53
Feeder channel 53

The Institute: Archive's reviews.  54

Henry Eoghan O'Brien: an engineer of nobility. Gerald Beesley. New Ross (Ireland): Author, 2018. 241pp. Reviewed by KJ
This is an impressive addition to railway literature

Lime kilns: history and heritage. David Johnson. Stroud: Amberley Publishing. 96pp. Reviewed by Ian Pope.
"...very good oversight"

Quarrying in Cumbria. David Johnson. Stroud: Amberley Publishing. 96pp. Reviewed by Ian Pope.
A less welcoming review than previous

Lime kiln at Stratford-St. Mary in Suffolk: brick built kiln. 54

Malcolm Bobbitt.  In the Showroom: Adams-Hewitt. 56-63.
This British-built (in a factory at Bedford) automobile was manufactured from 1906 until 1913 when the company went into liquidation. Arthur Henry Adams and Edward Ringwood Hewitt were both Americans, but their precise business relationship is not known. Adams who was to drown in the Lusitania disaster was an electrical engineer and part of the Bedford factory was given over to manufacturing electrical components, but not electric cars. All the cars had a single cylinder petrol engines located beneath the vehicles. Much play was placed on the simplicity of the vehicle controls (3 foot pedals: KPJ as one banned from driving through neuropathy does anyone know any three-footed human?). advertisement c1906 56 57
Adams Manufacturing Co. works, Bedford, plan 59
BW 413 with boy at the steering wheel alongside his mother 60
Advertisement based on results of tthe 1906 Scottish reliability trials 61
Adams-Hewitt.commercial vehicle advertisement c1907 62
Adams-Hewitt.commercial vehicle (15 cwt van) and free repair bond advertisement c1907 62
Adams 1907 advertisement for four seat tourer with running board 63
Adams 1908 photograph of AP 6717 four seat tourer with running board and headlamps 63

Andrew Neale. Follow-up: the Frimley diver. 64
See also original feature in Issue 100 and especially page 64. Further photograph of diver high above a  freight train and explanation and confirmation that Sir John Aird & Sons was contractor for complex works

Issue 102 (June 2019)
Corringham Light Railway Avonside locomotive

Paul Jackson. 1
Death of major contributor

Nick Deacon. The Deame Valley Railway Viaduct at Conisbrough. 2-17.
The Deame Valley Railway was promoted by colliery owners in the Barnsley and Doncaster areas of South Yorkshire to the new Hulll & Barnsley Railway and to the various joint line enterprises involving the Great Eastern, Great Northern, Midland and North Eastern Railways. The promoters were James Addy of the Yorkshire & Derbyshire Coal & Iron Co., Ernest Hague of Mickleton Main and Manvers Main, Edward Hunter of Houghton Main and Manvers plus Robert Armitage. The Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway was granted running power over the line. Henry Lovatt Ltd was granted the contract to build the section which included Conisbrough Viaduct: this was designed by John Steele of Leeds. A feature of the construction was the use of a Blondin to convey men and matrials across the Don Valley to the brick piers. The Industrial Locomotive Society listed both Manning Wardle 0-4-0ST and Hunslet 0-6-0ST used on the contract. Viaduct is now part of Trans-Pennine Trail and National Cycle Network.

Blondin tower in place and brickwork on river bank


View looking north west with many arches nearing completion and Blondin in transit


Map of completed viaduct, Cadeby Main Colliery, railway tunnels and River Don 4-5
Composite of two postcards showing works including contractor's locomotive 6-7
Looking east towards Nearcliff Wood during construction shows contractor's engine shed


Looking towards Cadeby, first seven arches, engine shed and 0-6-0ST


View from Conisbrough Castle keep during viaduct construction also shows Conisbrough Gas Works


Girder section in place with mid-river timber trestle


Nearing completion with shadows from setting sun


Western arches near completion with girder section being worked upon


Scaffolding around girder section being removed; cutting work started


Newly completed viaduct


Blondin tower being dismantles


Young Edwardian girls posed in front of new viaduct


Edwardian lady & pram & new girder section


Aerial view of viaduct and cutting with A630 Sheffield to Doncaster bridge over cutting


View from town of completed viaduct with entrance to Conisbrough Tunnel and lock n Don Navigation


View to keep of Conisbrough Castle through girder section


Ivatt Class 2 2-6-2T on girder section


Brrickwork decoration with enlarement inset


Malcolm Bobbitt. In the Showroom: Bentley Mk V. 18-28

Walter Owen Bentley with EXP1 18
Captain Woolf Barnato with 4¼ litre with light weight body saloon 19
Four door light weight saloon wiyj Park Ward bodywork 21
4¼ litre Bentley with Park Ward drophead coachwork CXO 302 22
Sectionalised diagram drawn by Max Millar for The Autocar 22
RC 7429 of 1939: straight eight with cast iron engine* 23
CGO 185 Park Ward four door light saloon 24
AXS 30 with H.J. Mulliner coachwork at enthusiasts' meeting in North Yorkshire 25
Corniche chassis 26
Corniche streamlined four door saloon GRA 270 27
Bentley Mark VI outside Rolls-Royce office block at Crewe in 1948 28

*Duke of Edinburgh was very reluctant to return the car and design influenced Rolls Royce Phantom IV

Euan Corrie Trent & Mersey Waterways: Part five. 29-33

Newcastle Junction Canal and All Saints Church Boothen pre-WW1 29
Vegetation clogged Newcastle Junction Canal 29
Trent & Mersey Canal viewed from Barlaston Bridge 30
Barlaston Bridge with Plume of Feathers public house (both demolished in 1960s) 30
Trent & Mersey Canal at Great Haywood at junction with Staffordshire & Worcestershire Canal with now demolished bridge 31
Ordnance Survey 25-inch map of Haywood Junction 31
Weston Cliff bridge (timber structure since replaced) 32
Ordnance Survey 25-inch map of Shardow canal port and junction with River Trent 32
Shardow canal port 33

Clive Thomas. The early years at Merthyr Vale Colliery. 34-52
See also correction: photographs of the colliery on pages 42 and 51 indicate that the cottages are those of Crescent Street. They are of Nixonville as supported by the sketches opposite on page 43 showing them with a lean-to at the back. Crescent and Taff Street were several hundred yards to the south of the colliery

Merthyr Vale Colliery showing  approach road  to new bridge over River Taff from Aberfan side 34
Vi ew from Taff Vale Railway towards Merthyr Vale Colliery 35
1882 map of Nixon's Navigation Colliery 36
John Nixon portrait 37
1880 view towards Merthyr Vale Colliery: Nixonville Cottages on left 38
1880 plan of two shafts at Merthyr Vale Colliery 39
Shaft section at No. 2 pit 40
New bridge over River Taff 41
Backs of houses in Crescent Street with colliery behind 42
Dalziel's sketch plan of house in Cardiff Road, Crescent Street and Taff Street 43
Nixonville plan 43
John Nixon's ventilator diagram (section) 44
Massive steel headframe Merthyr Vale Colliery 46
Diagram No. 2 pit steel headframe 47
Dalziel's sketch No. 2 engine house 48
North pit engine house in October 1965 48
North pit engine house in 1967 48
Nixon Navigation Colliery officials 1897 49
View over colliery with Aberfan for Merthyr Vale station in foreground 50
View over colliery towards Taff Vale Railway with school above headframe 51
View over colliery with houses in The Crescent in foreground (inset shows enlargement of internal use wagons 52
Bondfull at colliery c1910 53

captions you inserted for the ". Clive Thomas

The Institute: Archive's Reviews. 53

The last years of coal mining in South Wales. Volume one. From the Eastern Vallleys to Aberdare. Steve Grudgings. Monkton Farleigh: Folly Books.
Highly recommended

Waterways Journal. Volume 21. Ellesmere Port: Waterways Museum Society
Lists the contents

Canal crochet, bonnets & belts. Ann Gardiner, Sarah Pressland and Mary Parry. Audlem: Canal Book Shop

Andrew Neale. Corringham Light Railway. 54-64.
2¾ long light railway built under Light Railway Order granted om 10 July 1899 and opened in 1901.

Corringham Light Railway Avonside locomotive cover
1924 Ordnance Survey map 54
Corringham Station 55
Kitson 0-4-0WT Cordite with composite coach bringing returning workers back to Corringham Station 56
Kerr Stuart 0-4-2T Kynite with Kerr Stuart composite coach at Corringham in June 1909 (K.A.C.R. Nunn) 57
Kitson 0-4-0WT Cordite with composite coach 57
Kynochtown station (timber structure) 58
Coryton station (former Kynochtown) with brick-built platform 58
Waiting shelter and toilets from Kynochtown relocated outwith Coryton platform; also water crane (Brian Hilton) 59
View from footplate of railway crossing flat marshland (Brian Hilton) 59
0-4-2T Kynite as stored in 1930s (Frank Jones) 60
0-4-2T Kynite as corroded on 12 June 1948 60
Avonside 0-6-0ST WN 1672 at Coryton c1948 (George Alliez) 61
Avonside 0-6-0ST WN 1771 with ex-LT&SR coach at Corringham waiting for enthusiasts on 25 June 1949 (J.L. Smith) 61
Avonside 0-6-0ST on level crossing at Coryton with train of petroleum tank wagons 62
Avonside 0-6-0ST WN 1771 at level crossing viewed from footplate (Brian Hilton) 63
Enthusiasts inspect Corringham station on 25 June 1949 (J.H. Ashton) 63
Avonside 0-6-0ST WN 1771 view from footplate of brick engine shed at Coryton (Brian Hilton) 64

Issue 103 (September 2019)
Ferry at Conisbrough

Paul Gittins. Minera memories. 2-11
In about 1960 author visited Minera Lime Works and saw 0-4-0ST Olwen and was invited onto its footplate. In 1970 he revisited the Works and took colour photographs many of which are reproduced herein. At this time he was unaware of the first image, but has since acquired a copy of the original and a digitized version of it from Ian Pope. Herewith the image which appeared in Issue 23 and Gittins' colour images, etc. See also Issue 23 page 26 et seq.

Minera Lime Works with quarries, kilns, chimneys and standard and narrow gauge railways 2
Minera Lime Works with quarries, kilns, chimneys, standard gauge railways, buildings, blasting notice & uniformed official 3
Office building in 1970 (colour) 4
Old kilns & remains of wooden crane (colour) 4
Wooden loading deck at Hofmann kiln & chute for emptying loaded tugs into standard gauge wagons below (colour) 4
Remains of locomotive shed (colour) 5
Smithy with in-use railway alongside (colour) 5
Loading chute (colour) 5
Northern/eastern most end of buildings adjacent New Brighton branch (colour) 6
Large double-fronted stone-built house for quarry manager? (colour) 6
Goods shed? (colour) 6
"Last" of the buildings with curtain, nameplate and dust bins in late 1960s (colour) 7
"Last" of the buildings in 1990s looking even more inhabited (colour) 7
Points at entrance to Lester's branch with Wolseley 1500 & note that Olwen also parked thereat. (colour) 7
Lester's branch  with Wolseley 1500? and supposed Ruston 48DS in white disguise (Adam Lythgoe livery)  (colour) 8
Bridge on site (colour) 8
Hopper wagons on exchange sidings looking towards Coedpoeth & Brymbo (colour) 8
Enlargement of page 2:: engine shed with GWR saddle tank with brass dome 9
Enlargement of page 2: GWR signal 9
Enlargement of page 2: Building with long corrugated iron roof: purpose? 9
Plan of site 10
Permanent way gang posed at work on point leading to quarries, kilns, etc 11
GWR saddle tank {captioned leaving Minera) with coke  wagons, but not obviously at initial location 11

Andrew Neale. Building the Chessington branch. 12-18
Authorised by Parliament on 1 August 1930 the Southern Railway Board agreed at its meeting in June 1934 to seek contracts to build the railway starting at the London end. Working under the direction of the Southern Railway's Chief Engineer George Ellson the initial work at Motspur Park was entrusted to Sir Robert McAlpine & Sons, but the majority was built by Sir Edmund Nuttall, Sons & Co. The railway was built on heavy and unstable clay in the Hogsmill river basin and the corrosive nature of sulphates in the clay forced the use of aluminous cement in the works.

Barry: Hudswell, Clarke 0-6-0ST near Tolworth in 1937 12
Barry: Hudswell, Clarke 0-6-0ST near temporary water tower at Motspur Park on 10 January 1937 (George Alliez) 14
Ashendon: Manning Wardle Class M 0-6-0ST at Motspur Park during summer of 1937 (George Alliez) 15
Wallasey: Nuttall's Hunslet 0-6-0ST as sold to Tunnel Portland Cement at Grays in Essex in 1961 (Frank Jones) 15
Ruston & Hornsby two foot gauge diesel locomotives at work iu connnection with Nuttall's dragline on 8 May 1938 (Ruston & Hornsby) 16
Bridge construction near Chessington on 8 May 1938 (Ruston & Hornsby) 17
Chessiongton South station with Southern bRailway electric multiple unit: caption notes James Robb Scott architect 18
Chessiongton North station 18

Inbye : Archive's Letter's page. 19

A correction.

We must apologise to Clive Thomas for the captions that we added to two extra images in his article on Merthyr Vale Colliery. He has commented "Unfortunately I have to point out that the captions you inserted for the photographs of the colliery on pages 42 and 51 indicate that the cottages are those of Crescent Street. They are of course Nixonville as supported by the sketches opposite on page 43 showing them with a lean-to at the back. Crescent and Taff Street were several hundred yards to the south of the colliery". Clive Thomas

The Institute: Archive's Reviews. 19

LB&SCR carriages: Volume 3 .Bogie Stock, 1879-1907. Ian White. Butterley: Historical Model Railway Society, 234 pp. Reviewed by Ian Pope
This is the first of two volumes providing illustrated coverage of the bogie carriages of the LB&SCR, a company with a large and diverse fleet despite its limited route mileage; previous volumes (Kestrel Books, 2014, 2016) described the 4- and 6-wheeled stock. This new work makes substantial use of the HMRS drawing collection where the author is a volunteer. New drawings are provided where needed, and examples of planned but unbuilt designs are included showing that the ambitions of the designers far outstripped those of a conservative management. There is extensive photographic coverage with some previously unseen views, and extensive train formation data. On opening, the reader is presented with a chapter describing bogie carriage structures, illustrated with new drawings and extracts from original engineering drawings, as well as photographs, some provided by carriage restorers. There are seven descriptive chapters, starting with the 8-wheeled Cleminson and bogie carriages of the Stroudley era, the main line and suburban arc roofed carriages constructed between 1894 and 1905, and the clerestory carriages of the late 1890s. In 1905 the LB&SCR embarked on a brief period of constructing elliptical roof carriages, which were of a remarkable height, closely matching the American Pullmans and earning a nickname of 'balloons'. Three chapters cover these carriages, which include the City Limited corridor stock and the first LB&SCR motor trains. The latter chapter also includes the steam and petrol motors.
The final chapter describes significant discoveries made after publication of previous volumes, including an analysis of LB&SCR's pioneering use of electric lighting in the 1880s. The book is completed by a list of engineering drawings; facsimile reproduction of an 1890s carriage specification; lists of running numbers; and indices to diagrams and subjects. The whole is very well presented with excellent reproduction of images. This series of books will be the definitive The book will appeal to model makers, historians and restorers of LB&SCR, SR and other carriages, and like previous volumes, all royalties will be donated to the Bluebell Stroudley Coach Fund. Recommended.

GWR signalling practice. David J. Smith. Great Western Study Group. 400 pp. Reviewed by Ian Pope
We seem to be majoring on railway titles this quarter and as with the previous title this one is sure to be the definitive work on Great Western Signalling. This weighty tome is profusely illustrated, both with photographs and drawings, mainly of signals but also of signal wires, point rodding, point motors, facing point locks, etc. A chapter covers the design of signal boxes, unfortunately with few architectural drawings followed by a chapter on the equipment found in signal boxes. Of particular interest is the chapter on the rationale behind the placement of signals with examples of signal layouts on both double and single lines. The author is a retired chartered civil engineer with a life-long interest in GWR signalling. His early career with BR(WR) allowed him to get close up to signalling matters. As already mentioned the book is extremely well illustrated both by photographs, drawings apd diagrams. Indeed Appendix 2 gives page by page coverage of the Great Western Signal Department's Stores Catalogue which shows every single piece of signal equipment. Highly recommended.

Euan Corrie. The Sheffield & South Yorkshire Navigation.: [Part 1]. 20-37
River Don has always been navigable as far upstream  as Rotherham. Originally it ran to both the River Aire and to the Trent, but drainage of Hatfield Chase in the early seventeenth century included an improved outlet to the Aire and closure of that to the Trent. Flooding resulted and Cornelius Vermuyden had to cut a new channel, known as the Dutch River to the Ouse. At first sluice near Goole kept the tide out, but these were destroyed by flooding in 1688 and navigation further up the Don became possible. Improvement schemes began to be promoted and after the passing of several Acts navigation was possible through eleven locks and cuts as far as Rotherham. By 1751 the navigation had reached Tinsley through a further three locks.
The Sheffield Canal was proposed early in the 1790s but opposition from the Don Navigation prevented progress until the possibility of a connection to the Chesterfield Canal began to be considered. Under an Act of 1815 a canal with 12 locks was built to connect the Don at Tinsley to Sheffield. Despite water supply difficulties the canal did well until takeover by the Sheffield & Lincolnshire Junction Railway in 1846. This awoke the Don Navigation which managed to acquire the Sheffield Canal from the railway under an Act of 1849. The Don had already managed to take over the Dearne & Dove in 1846. The next move was the lease of the Stainforth & Keadby Canal from 1849 which had been opened under an act of 1793 to provide an alternative access to the Humber by linking the Don Navigation at Stainforth to the Trent at Keadby. It has an entrance lock at Keadby that will accommodate craft 81ft by 22ft whereas the intermediate lock at Thorne and those on the route to Sheffield will only pass craft 61ft 6in x 15ft 3ins. In 1850 the canal was absorbed into the South Yorkshire Railway & River Dun Company. Improvements had continued with the Don bridges being made to open thus allowing sailing keels to reach Doncaster without lowering their masts in 1845, but railways were exerting a strong influence. The South Yorkshire Railway dominated and obtained powers to build a line along the canal bank to Keadby by 1859 whence it turned away to cross the Trent into Lincolnshire on a swing bridge.
The South Yorkshire Railway & River Dun Company was leased to the Manchester Sheffield & Lincolnshire Railway in 1864 and the navigation company dissolved in 1874 when its assets were transferred to the railway. Mining subsidence problems on the Dearne & Dove were not effectively tackled and this lack of enthusiasm coupled with the promotion of the Manchester Ship Canal encouraged local opposition to the railway's ownership of the navigation. Influential backers formed the Sheffield & South Yorkshire Navigation Co and obtained powers for a ship canal but the MS&LR fought them hard for several years. The new company was neither able to raise the money needed to buy the existing navigations nor to construct a proposed junction canal to the Aire & Calder. The MS&LR finally agreed to sell their waterways in 1894 but the deal was only concluded after an issue of preference shares which raised £625,000 of which £125,000 were taken up by the MS&LR! Furthermore the MS&LR also provided the reminder of the necessary capital thus gaining the right to appoint half the directors of the navigation company. Eventually the majority of the improvement works were abandoned but the New Junction Canal from Kirk Bramwith to the Aire & Calder at Southfield was built jointly with the Aire & Calder Navigation and modern warehousing was provided at Sheffield. Some improvements continued, including lengthening Doncaster Lock and, in 1932, Bramwith Lock to facilitate use of Aire & Calder Tom Pudding compartment boats from Hatfield Colliery to Goole. The final improvement scheme was to enlarge the locks and some of the cuts to admit 600 ton barges as far as Rotherham which was finally approved by the government in the 1970s. However, this was funded by a loan to the nationalised British Waterways Board, and not by any form of grant as is usual in Europe. By the time the resulting improvements were complete in 1983 most traffic had been lost to roads and high tolls, intended to repay the loan, resulted on the loss of what remained. At the time of writing a single commercial barge of 600 tons capacity makes one or two trips per week to Rotherham and even then lightly loaded because the Canal & River Trust, declines to maintain the waterway to its statutory depth. Except for the first image, the bulk appear to date to the 1900s. Part 2

The Sheffield & South Yorkshire Navigation (map) 20
Sheffield Development Corporation renovated Terminal, Grain & Straddle Warehouses at Sheffield Basin 1970s? 21
Sheffield Basin map 1920s 21
Tinsley locks map 22
Lock house at Tinsley Lock No. 4 destroyed by bombing on 15 December 1940 23
Jordan Lock & Holme's Goit and exit into River Don 24
Ordnance Survey 25-inch map (reduced) showing Jordan Cottages, the lock, sluice & Holme's Goit 24
Rotherham: Rawmarsh Road or Parkgate Bridge with Waddington's keel Pride & Bleasdale's Northcliffe 25
Ordnance Survey 25-inch map centred on Rotherham Corporation tram depot 26
Northcliffe passes former Rotherham Corporation tram depot (bought by British Waterways Board to serve as freight terminal 26
Aldwarke Lock & River Don at Eastwood 27
Swinton: Co-op Mill & Waddington's boatyard at junction with closed Dearne & Dove Canal 28
Ordnance Survey 25-inch map centred on Swinton railway station and Station Road which crosses Naviagtion 28
Mexborough: Ordnance Survey 25-inch map centred on St. John the Baptist's Church & Vicarage 29
Mexborough: Navigation with swing bridge & Parish Church 29
Mexborough cut with clinker-built keel 30
Weir stream at Conisbrough Lock with ferry & Cadeby Colliery pit head 30
Conisbrough ferry 31
Motor boat Alice approaching downstream side of Conisbrough weir 31
Rainbow railway bridge at Conisbrough with keel loaded with timber probably imported from Scandinavia for iuse as pit props 32
Ordnance Survey 25-inch map: Rainbow Bridge; Dolomite & Lime Works and Conisbrough Cliff 32
Levitt Hagg near Warmsworth with keels on Navigation and quarries in background 33
Ordnance Survey 25-inch map: Levitt Hagg  with quarries and limekilns, but no tramways (mentioned in caption) 33
Levitt Hagg cottages with outward bound keel see also Archive Issue 5 34
Empty craft at Levitt Hagg 35
Ordnance Survey 25-inch map: Spotbrough Weir, Mill, Bridge & Boat Farm & Levitthagg Wood 35
Spotbrough Lock & Mill prior to enlargement of former & removal of latter to accommodate Tom Pudding compartment boats 36
Spotbrough Bridge damaged by Denaby and Cadeby Collieries which paid for replacement 36
Spotbrough cut and Lock entrance pre-1970s enlargement 37
Keel under sail at Spotbrough with rowing boat seen at Levitt Hagg 37

Malcolm Bobbitt. In the Showroom: the Stoneleigh. 38-46
In the immediate post-WW1 period therre was a growing market for relatively low cost cars, especially from those who had learned to drive motor vehicles during the War. This was the period of cyclecars, although the majority failed to find a permanent market. The Stoneleigh introduced in 1921 was a light weight car intended to enter this market and was manufactured by the Armstrong Siddeley group. There had been an earlier Stoneleigh marketed in 1914, but this had little in common with the 1921 car (although its backers are recorded). John Davenport Siddeley and Henry Hugh Peter Deasy were its backers.

13.9hp BSA outside the firm's works at Sparkbrook 38
Stoneleigh of 1912 with four-seat Torpedo Phaeton body 39
Stoneleigh (1912) which had been involved in an accident showing engine 40
As above but different angle and showing advertisement for North British Clincher tyres see footnote 41
Stoneleigh 1½ ton lorry loaded with cotton waste: advertisement from William Kay & Sons Ltd of Blackburn in 1914 42
Two Stoneleigh cars competing in June 1922 Scottish Six Days Light Car Trial 43
Stoneleigh 2+2 seat version Chummy 44
Stoneleigh Chummy near Scottish Border in 2018 with hood & side screens in place  45
As above but hood lowered 45
As above but fully open in protection of a harbour 46
Interior of Chummy showing gear levers and instruments 46
Interior of Chummy showing occasional seats 46

Footnote 1: North British Clincher tyres produced at the Castle Mills factory in Edinburgh using Bartlett-Clincher patent for pneumatic tyres

Skimpings: Skelton Grange Power Station, Leeds. 47
Ex government surplus Ruston & Hornsby narrow (2-feet) gauge diesel locomotive with train of side tipping wagons being loaded by drag line excavator owned by Harold Arnold & Son Ltd during construction of Skelton Grange Power Station (Yorkshire Copper Works at Stourton in background was key to caption). c1946.

Mike Fenton with John Froud. Construction of the flying arch in New House Farm cutting, Old Sodbury, c.1898. 48-53
Great Western Railway South Waless Direct line constructed during  1890s passed near Malmesbury. Flying arch method of bridge buiding is ancient. The first photograph also shows work on the bridge and in the background the cutting leading to Sodbury Tunnel. To a great extent the text is an outline of how Fenton and Froud verified the location of the photograph. The location is on the Badminton Estate and the bridge was constructed to maintain access for huntsmen. The contractor was Pearson 

Photograph taken by Hunt & Co. of the Abbey Studio, Malmesbury 48
Diagram from Fielden Magazine 1902 49
Extreme enlargement of first image showing work on tunnel entrance 50
Ordnance Survey published 1903, but surveyed earlier:: "railway in course of construction" 51
Completed bridge, but cutting not complete c1901 52

Chimneys Limited .54-7
Late Paul Jackson found images in a booklet produced by Chimneys Ltd of Croydon which both built and demolished chimneys and employed steeplejacks. They are described as stacks or shafts in the brochure. Other chimneys are mentioned but not accompanied by photographs.

Portishead Power Station: brick chimneys that for A station in use; B station still under construction, but stack ready 56
Staythorpe Power Station: three chimneys c1949/50 55
Carmarthen Bay Power Station:, Burry Port:  three brick chimneys 55
Marchwood Generating Station:, 425ft high concrete stack: Sir William Halcrow & Partners, consulting engineers, Farmer & Dark, architects 55
77ft high brick chimney at Firbech (Firbeck?) in Nottinghamshire 56
Lincoln Brick Company at Waddington 170ft high with acid resistant brick top and lining 56
Cane Hill Hospital, Coulsden: 125ft high brick chimney 56
Leicester Co-op Society Ltd brick chimney 56
St. Andrew's Hospital, Bow, East London: 120ft high brick chimney 57
100ft tall brick chimney in Gloucester 57
King's College Hospial London 90ft high chimney 57
Bristol: 80ft high brick chimney with concave face 57

Ian Pope Waterloo Colliery, June 30th 1949. 58-64
Mine rescue following flooding led to awards to the rescuers: the Edward Medal: one silver to Oswald George Simmonds (who was also uncle of the author); Tom Manwaring and Frank Bradley (latter both bronze). The British Empire Medal was awarded to Cecil Brazington, Harry Toomer, Bert Morgan and Morgan Teague, The Arthur & Edward Colliery, more often known as the Waterloo Colliery, was in the Forest of Dean, south of Lydbrook close to Mierystock. .

Waterloo Colliery in valley beneath Severn & Wye Railway 58
Replacement headframe over the shaft in the mid-1930s 59
Screens for Waterloo Colliery at Miery Stock fed by the Creeper (endlesss ropeway) from pithead 60
Waterloo Colliery pithead with start of the Creeper 60
Wentworth Hale, the Night Deputy 61
Ron Carter. the Day Deputy 61
National Coal Board diagram of flooding on June 30th 1949 61
Cecil Brazington, pumpman, Harry Toomer, onsetter, Bert Morgan, underground fitter, and Morgan Teague, pumpman 62
Tom Manwaring 62
Frank Bradley 62
Temporary gear erected at top of Plud's Pit 63
Oswald Simmonds being assisted out of bowk (bucket) at top of Plud's Pit 63
Oswald Simmonds (known as Buller) with Edward Medal at Buckingham Palace 64
Oswald Simmonds, Tom Manwaring and  Frank Bradley with medals and wives 64

Issue 104 (December 2019)
Romney, Hythe & Dymchurch Railway No. 7 Typhoon

Stanley C. Jenkins. The Romney, Hythe & Dymchurch Railway, Part One.  Hythe to New Romney. 2-33.
In November 1925 Captain Howey and Henry Greenly notified the Ministry of Tansport requesting a Light Railway Order for a railway from New Romney station of the Southern Railway to Hythe. The Order was approved on 26 May 1926. The gauge was 15 inches. A Royal opening was achieved on 5 August 1926 when the Duke of York, afterwards King George VI drove a train from Jesson Camp to New Romney accompanied by Herbert Gresley (later Sir Nigel) and Howey. See also front cover for colour (coloured?) photograph of No. 7. Photographs mainly from Lens of Sutton Association

Hythe station looking towards bufffer stops & terminal building c1928


New Romney High Level platforms & station building


Map with RHDR and Southern Railway links


New Romney station with ttrain which worked to Jesson Holiday Camp with Duke of York and Nigel Gresley in May 1926


Dymchurch station showing locomotive taking water on down train c1929 with freright vehicles in siding and one as leading vehicle


Locomotive No. 1 Green Goddess with child taking photograph with box camera (from impossible position!)


Locomotive No. 2 Northern Chief on Marshlander


Locomotive No. 3 Southern Maid


Locomotive No. 3 Southern Maid with Driver Ralph Kilsby and Captain Howey 10
Locomotive No. 7 Typhoon with tipper wagons behind 11
Locomotive No. 8 Hurricane with passenger train formed of bogie coaches 11
4-8-2 locomotive No. 5 Hercules 12
4-8-2 locomotive No. 6 Sampson at St. Mary's Bay station with young children posed on platform 12
Yorkshire Engine Co. 4-6-2 locomotives Nos. No. 9 Dr. Syn and 10 Black Prince inside engine shed at New Romney in 1930s 13
Rolls Royce locomotive at Dymchurch station in 1930s 14
Rolls Royce locomotive at New Romney 15
Hythe station looking towards enlarged terminal building with carriages in platform & freight wagons in yard in 1930s 16
No. 7 Typhoon with down train formed of Clayton Pullmans at Hythe station c. 1930 16
Looking out from train shed at Hythe station with traain formed of Clayton Pullmans hauled by smoke polluting locomotive 17
Davey Paxman No. 2 Northern Chief at New Romney couupled to oprn carriage 17
Davey Paxman No. 2 Northern Chief at New Romney coupled to oprn carriage 17
New Romney station with train of open carriages behind Canadian Pacific style locomotive viewed from Littlestone Road overbridge 18
Davey Paxman No. 8 Hurricane with down Bluecoaster Limited at Hythe 18
Davey Paxman No. 1 Green Goddess with down Blue Coaster Limited at Hythe (driver with foot on buffer beam) in 1950s 19
4-8-2 locomotive No. 6 Sampson leaving Hythe with short down train 19
Locomotive No. 8 Hurricane with passenger train passing over ungated crossing at St. Mary's Bay 20
Hythe station and Light Railway Reastaurant from approach road in 1930s? 21
Hythe station throat  c1928 showing original signal cabin, station building and Light Railway Restaurant building 22
Same view as above but Light Railway Restaurant building now two storey 22
Hythe station looking towards New Romney and showing line to turntable & starange flat-roofed houses with lots of washing 23
Hythe signal cabin with engine shed behind 23
Royal Military Canal, Hythe station and down station Blue Coaster Limited departing 24
Burmarsh Road Halt with train either halting or passing c1930s 24
Dymchurch station looking towards three mile straight in 1930s 25
Dymchurch Marshlands— for Dymchurch Sands with Davey Paxman 4-8-2 running round its train 26
Dymchurch station looking towards Dungeness showing footbridge and station building 26
Davey Paxman No. 1 Green Goddess with up train beneath footbridge at Dymchurch station c1929 27
Up train seen from withing train shed at Dymchurch station c1929 27
St. Mary's Bay station called Holiday Camp: with original station building & military tower c1930s 28
St. Mary's Bay station called Holiday Camp with approaching train c1930s 28
St. Mary's Bay station & level crossing with boy standing too close to approaching train c1930s 29
The Warren Cutting between St. Mary's Bay and New Romney 29
Littlestone station with train of four-wheel coaches 30
New Romney High Level platforms & station buildings c1928 31
New Romney Low Level platforms looking towards Dungeness in 1950s 31
Littlestone station looking towards Low Level platforms with Canadian Pacific style locomotive on bogie coach train 32
New Romney c1935 with water tank and train shed 32
New Romney in 1927 showing train arriving from Hythe & carriage & engine sheds 33
New Romney engine shed with five locomotives 33

Euan Corrie. The Sheffield & South Yorkshire Navigation: Part Two: Doncaster to Thorne. 34
Part 1

Sheffield & South Yorkshire Navigation map 34
Empty keel being horse-towed upstream at Hexthorpe Flats with intake for Doncaster Corporation Waterworks 35
Sailing keel with mast lowered heading towards Doncaster 36
Inward keel with sail raised 36
St. George's Church, Doncaster viewed across Doncaster New Cut  with keels see footnote 1 37
Ordnance Survey 25-inch map of Doncaster New Cut and Great Northern Railway northern exit 37
Tom Pudding compartment boats loaded with smokeless fuel loaded from lorries at wharf off Grey Friar's Road, Doncaster 38
Ordnance Survey 25-inch map of Stainforth showing navigation channel & river 38
View from raised bridge over Navigation at Stainforth 39
View from High Bridge at Stainforth looking upstream in 21st century 39
Keel under sail passing through open High Bridge at Stainforth with mate propelling with a long stower (quant?) 40
Stainforth High Bridge showing towing path shift to southern bank; also Worfolk's Yard in view 41
Twenty first century view of fixed span of Stainforth High Bridge 41
Stainforth north bank of Navigation with alleged crane to lift keel masts and keelboards with  masted keels 42
Stainforth & Keadby Canal intermediate lock at Thorne with Dunstone's shipyard with keels under sail 43
Ordnance Survey 25-inch map of Thorne including Canal lock 43
Thorne in 1949: keels, barges, tug, cabin cruiser and boat building & repair activity 44
Thorne: similar view to above taken in October 1994 showing no boat building & repair activity 44
Thorne: in 1920s: cranes in Great Central Railway boatyard; steam keel Swift & keel under sail: at time Swift traded between Thorne and Doncaster 45
Thorne Toll Bar swing bridge: caption states cogs boat "visible" behind bridge 46
Thorne steel replacement swing bridge with Canal Tavern and petrol filling pumps for cars in 1927 46
Thorne fixed concrete bridge on A614 with pleasure craft on Stainforth & Keadby Canal 47
View from Goodnow Bridge of Stainforth & Keadby Canal with GCR line to Keadby and man bow hauling keel partly under sail 47

Footnote 1: designed by Sir Gilbert Scott & very similar to St. John the Baptist Cathedral in Norwich

Chris Sambrook. The Swansea Wagon Wars. 48-55
In 1911 Melville Walker Middleton, general manager of the Swansea Wagon Works was an unscrupulous employer and used blackleg labour in an attempt to avoid meeting trade union representatives when he imposed  a thoughtless change in working conditions which even included the men having to use their own tools. Sadly, the men's attempt to involve the railwaymen on the local railways also failed. Mercifully, Justice Bankes at the Glamorgan Assizes imposed minimal sentences on those accused of "rioting".

Map: Port Tennant; includes Da-y-graig station,  Swansea Wagon Works (British Wagon Co.) & Smelter Works 48
Swansea Wagon Works (British Wagon Co.) with siding from main line 49
Wagon used as means of entry into works (newspaper photograph) 50
Car with "bullet hole" in windscreen (CY 478) 53
Cartoon 54

Malcolm Bobbitt. In the Showroom: Triumph Roadster, Renown and Mayflower. 56-64
In 1944 Sir John Black acquired the Triumph Motor Co. of Coventry.

1776 cc Triumph Roadster 56
Triumph Super Seven advertisement (The Light Car  and Cyclecar, 1929, February) 57
Triumph Twelve advertisement 58
Triumph Roadster publicity photograph 59
Triumph Roadster FWO 999 competing in 1952 Welsh Rally 60
Triumph 1800 Sports Saloon JRW 212 61
Triumph TRX HKV 20 62
Triumph Roadster TRX Motor Show 1950 Earls Court handout 62
Triumph Mayflower 63
Triumph Mayflower publicity image 64

Issue 105 (March 2020)
Raleigh Safety Seven three-wheeler

Euan Corrie. Crossing to the other side. 2-10.
In the early 1950s a new cracking tower was installed at the Shell Mex and BP refinery at Barton-upon-Irwell alongside the Manchester Ship Canal. The tower was manufactured in Oldbury by Babcock & Wilcox and appears to have been l20-130ft long when ready for carriage to Barton. This was accomplished by Pickfords possibly using Scammell tractors and two four wheeled bogies. There seems to have been no easy access through Trafford Park to the actual site in the oil depot at Barton and so the tower was brought in through the boundary fence alongside the Bridgewater Canal. In the 21st century a vast mobile crane would no doubt be used to lift the entire column right over the canal and on to its foundations but in the 1950s a few hydraulic jacks, blocks and tackles and knowhow were employed. Acknowledges Martin Bryan, a Friend of the Waterways Museum at Gloucester, and Val Roberts, Newsletter Editor of the Historic Narrow Boat Club. KPJ was at school opposite Peel Park and some of his school friends must have seen what was going on, especially as some were probably worshippers at All Saints' RC Church shown on map which appears to be no longer a church (Google search). Most of the activity took place in pouring rain and the few trees indicate winter.

Charlie Preston (or Scragg) with niece on canal boat Swan alongside Shell Mex and BP refinery at Barton-upon-Irwell


View from refinery stoage tank of barges being modified for task ahead *


Arrival of column by road via Pickford at Tank Houses with modified barges ready


Close up of as above with man examining modified barges (Tank Houses built for Manchester Ship Canal staff in 1930s)


RSJ beam being cut or welded at Tank Houses


Map of area with Barton Aqueduct and Barton swing bridge and All Saints' RC Church BUT no sign of Tank Houses or refinery


Column looking down towards Ship Canal and very assorted packing and part of drawbar


Workers working to extract bogie


Overall view with column ready to load, nissen hut in foreground & floodlight & Ship Canal and Church in background


View of refinery with lattice tower presumably to assist in column erection & winches


Column ready to load & power station beyond


Column on barges (Grand Union Canal boats) & power station beyond


Close up view of above


Voyage in progress 10
Voyage in progress with reception party at refinery (both showw details of refinery) 10


Chris Sambrook. The Llanelly Riots. 11-19
19 August 1911 was one of those tragic days when soldiers were ordered to open fire more or less at random to quell a riot by strikers (one of whom was on weekend leave from a sanatorium).. The strikers had looted and set fire to wagons, one of which cotained carbide and detonators and this led to further deaths. The Riot Act was read. Politics were involved and Winston Churchill, as Home Secretary was involved. The major "in charge" was subsequently to rise to considerable miliatary heights, but does not seem to have known what his boys were up to. The Government was worried about Ireland and Llanelly is on one of several routes to that unfortunate island subjected to English political whim.

Troops outside Llanelly in tents making preparations to subdue trade unionists 12
Major Burleigh Francis Brownlow Stuart "in charge" of above 12
John (Jac) John portrait 13
Leonard Worsell portrait 13
GWR carriage with broken windows 13
Looted and burnt out wagons with entire police force in attendance 13
Llanelly goods shed in September 2019 with wreaths laid in memory for fallen GWR employees in WW1 14
Sketch of incident of shooting by John Wynn Hopkins 14
Funeral procession along electric tram route 16
Headstone for John H. John erected by Llanelly Trades Coucil & Local Labour Party  16
Headstone for Leonard Worsell erected by Llanelly Trades Coucil & Local Labour Party  17
Blue Plaque erected on Union Bridge 18
21st century view of shooting site 18
2011 commemoration of 1911 event 19

Stanley C. Jenkins. The Romney, Hythe & Dymchurch Railway, Part two.  New Romney to Dungeness. 20-7.
On leaving New Romney the line in effect runs through twin short tunnels under the Littlestone Road and then becomes single; then comes the Half Mile Curve and the abandoned stoppiing place at Greatstone Dunes (9¾ miles). Greatstone Dunes had been a fully developed station opened in n1928 in expectation of heavy holiday traffic, but this did not materialise and the station  was closed in 1983 and the buildings were demolished. Images from Lens of Sutton Association

4-6-2 No. 8 Hurricane with smoke deflectors at New Romney 20
4-6-2 No. 8 Hurricane without smoke deflectors at New Romney alongside signal cabin 21
Train to south of New Romney 22
Bluecoaster Limited at Dungeness behind 4-6-2 in 1930s: lighthouse and accommodation for lighthouse  keepers & their families to right 23
Dungeness station & refreshment room c1930s 24
Dungeness station & train & lighthouse: 1930s postcard 24
Double-headed train at  Dungeness in 1930s with wind  turbine pump? 25
Train at  Dungeness with lighthouse (with paraffin vapour burner 25
Davey Paxman 4-6-2 No. 7 Typhoon with Yorkshire Engine Co. No. 10 Doctor Syn alongside at Dungeness  in 1950s (both with trains) 26
No. 10 Doctor Syn at Dungeness  with train to himself  in 1950s on same date as above 27

Service timetables: spring & autumn and summer for 1947
A note on RH&DR tickets: Edmondson card tickets, but desination rather than class dictated colour and return tickets were always two coloured. Hythe was brown; Dungeness white; New Romney primrose; blue for Dymchurch. Illustrations of 21 tickets

Malcolm Bobbitt. In the Showroom... the 1930s and three-wheelers. 28-36.
In part the survival of the three wheel car and the cyclecar was due to the Great Depression. The cover picture and that of the police car leaving Scotland Yard typify the attempt to make the three-wheeler more like an ordinary motor car: thee first two illustrations show the opposite — the passengers on the first are more like those on some garden model railway.

Raleigh Safety Seven three wheel car (colour) fc
Edward Joel Pennington on car of his own promotion with chauffeur and two (female) passengers 28
Century Tandem (KPJ: looking like a sit-on lanmower) 29
BSA with front-wheel drive GK 6873 leaving Scotland Yard with constable at the wheel 30
Chassis of BSA with front-wheel drive with four-cylinder water-cooled engine 31
Coventry Victor styled by C.F. Beauvais as Luxury Sports at Olympia 32
J.M.B. three-wheel cyclecar introduced in 1933 with single-cylinder J.A.P. engine 32
Raleigh Safety Seven three wheel car (as per cover minus colour) 33
Three Raleigh Safety Sevens arriving Land's  End from London in 1934 Rally (AAU 682 at front) 34
Raleigh Safety Seven TJ 7347 restored and at a rally 34
Morgan three-wheeler 35
F-type Morgan three-wheeler with hood GFH 469 36
F-type Morgan three-wheeler CNU 310 at Mallory Park 36

The Institute. 37

The last years of coal mining in South Wales. Volume two. From Aberdare to Pembrokeshire. Steve Grudgings. Monkton Farley: Folly Books Ltd. 238pp.
Ian Pope review with illustrations of book cover and the old Powell Duffryn Colliery at Llantrisant with farmhouse above.

Skimpings: Crianlarich and Ben More. 37-8.

Snow-flecked Ben More & new Callander & Oban Railway Crianlarich station: viewed from above Crianlarich Hotel (J. Valentine & Co.) 37
enlargement bof station 38
map with West Highland Railway modifications to area 38

Euan Corrie. Ashton, Peak Forest, & Macclesfield Canals. Part one: To Ashton and Stockport. 40-7
In 1968 the British Waterways Board and the local authorities had proposed filling in and piping the Ashton Canal, but in September volunteers cleaned up the canal and it reopened on 13 May 1974

Map bounded by Burnley; Dewsbury; Congleton; Chester & Preston 40
Turn bridge Audenshaw (Ashton Canal) 41
James Potts of Duckinfied boat with large number of passengers 42
Fairbottom: Newcomen engine replica 43
Hollinwood branch: bottom lock at Waterhouse 43
Crime Lake with Great Central narrow boat with pleasure craft and refreshment room and Union Flag See letter from David Kitching 44
Stockport Branch at Reddish: Grey Horse Bridge c1900s 45
Stockport Branch at Reddish: during construction of Broadstone Spinninng Mill c1904: still extant as Broadstone House 45
Broadstone Mill; rebuilt  Grey Horse Hotel and posh canal bridge: canal now extinct: see letter from Roger N. Holden in Issue 106. 46
Rylandss' Bridge Hyde stated on photograph: BUT where is this? See letters from John Clegg and David Kitching 47

Ian Pope. A day in Dean Forest. 48-64
Based on a report in the Gloucester Citizen of an excursion by the Gloucestershire Engineering Society on 25 July 1891. This is a detailed report, but was not illustrated, and Ian Pope has provided appropriate images, but not of the trip itself. The excursion started on the 09.17 from Gloucester to Lydney where they boarded a special formed of two saloons and a locomotive operated by the Severn & Wye & Severn Bridge Company of whom their host, George William Keeling was the General Manager and also Vice President of the Society.The special stopped at Parkend to inspect David & Co.'s stone sawing machinery. The train then returned to Tuft's Junction  and ran up to Lightmoor, before which a stop was made to admire the view. At Lightmoor the party split into two: one going in trucks owned by the Lightmoor Colliery and hauled by one of is locomotives to the Cinderford blast furnaces owned by Henry Crawshay & Co.; the other walking to the Shakemantle iron ore pit, some going down the shaft. This was a possible source of water for Gloucester. The party then rejoined the train and travelled to Drybrook and thence to Lydbrook where some of the party examined the girder construction. The final industrial  visit was to Trafalgar Colliery and some even descended to coal face with naphtha lsmps. Before the return high tea was eaten at the Speech House Hotel

map of route taken


back of Lydney GWR station


timber footbridge linking Great Western Lydney station with  Severn & Wye & Severn Bridge Railway station with sidings in between


Severn & Wye & Severn Bridge Railway station at Lydney: station building supplied by Gloucester Wagon Co. Richard Thomas tin plate works behind


Severn & Wye outside cylinder 0-6-0T Robin Hood supplied by Fletcher, Jennings in May 1868


Severn & Wye outside cylinder 0-6-0T Maid Marian supplied by Avonside in 1873


Severn & Wye 0-6-0T  Gaveller supplied by Vulcan Foundry in 1891


Severn & Wye four-wheel saloon carriage supplied by Gloucester RC&W Co. in 1889


Severn & Wye outside cylinder 0-6-0ST Robin Hood arriving Lydney Town station with train for Lydney Junction


Parkend station


David & Co.'s under-cover stone works as taken over by United Stone Firms Ltd


David & Co.'s under-cover stone works: sketch 1890


Severn & Wye outside cylinder 0-6-0T Will Scarlet at Coleford


Later (than excursion) signal box at Tuft's Junction


Lightmoor Colliery see Issue 50


Blast furnaces at Cinderford owned by Henry Crawshay & Co.


Shakemantle iron ore pit with Henry Crawshay & Co. open wagons


Shakemantle iron ore pit


Drybrook Road station


Serridge Junction


Lydbrook Viaduct: overall view with train on it


Lydbrook Viaduct: Warren girder with ,inimal protection for those who entered its lower deck


Trafalgar Colliery with sidings & Trafalgar House — home of the Brain family, owners


Trafalgar Colliery —  headframe


Trafalgar Colliery — one of the cages


Trafalgar Colliery —  part of electricity generating plant c1903


Trafalgar Colliery — underground electric pumps


Speech House Road station


Speech House Road station with Howlerslade Tramroad in front and hill up to Hotel behind


Speech House Colliery


Speech House Hotel


George William Keeling (portrait at desk)


Speech House Road station with train for Lydney hauled by 0-6-0ST


Issue 106 (June 2020)
Forest of Dean village Lydbrook may have
been first place in United Kingdom to produce
tinplate in a works spread out along valley bottom.
Scene gives little clue as to the industrial nature of
the village. View framed by Lydbrook Viaduct

Editorial. Ian Pope
As I write this editorial we are going through rather strange times and we trust that our readers are all well and using any extra spare time profitably — either catching up on reading or even researching that topic that you have been meaning to do for years. Here we are working much as normal but weekends have been spent in sorting out my collection of Severn @ Wye paperwork plus preparing a room for it all to be moved into. It will be apparent from the final article that the deeds to Richard Thomas's tin plate works at Lydbrook surfaced again during this tidy up! They were a purchase off a well-known internet auction site a few years back — how they got to Norfolk is a mystery. They do however shed some interesting new light on the works, especially as the plan was annotated with the various departments within the works. We also wish to thank our printers, Henry Ling, in Dorchester for continuing to work during these trying times.

Euan Corrie Ashton, Peak Forest & Macclesfield Canals : Part Two The Peak Forest . 2-32
The Todd Brook dam  faiolure in October 2019, feeder for the Peak Forest Canal brought the area into public prominence as it involved evacuation of people from their homes and businesses. Earlier breaches in the canal nearly led to its closure as did structural damage to the Marple Aqueduct. Road works nearly destroyed the canal basin, but pleasure boaters are a determined lobby. Bugsworth was nearly replaced by Buxworth.

Captain Clartke's Bridge, Hyde


Captain Clartke's Bridge, Hyde


Aqueduct at Apethorne with Sheffield & Midland Railway bridge behind


Ordnance Survey map Apethorne aqueduct, Gibraltar & Linnet Mills


Woodley: bridge on approach to Trianon or Unity Mill


Ordnance Survey map: Woodley


Woodley: northern portal of canal tunnel & Navigation Inn & Roman road


Romiley canal and Post Office trunk telephone route


Ordnance Survey map: Romiley


Romiley canal and Oakwood Mills


Romiley: Hyde Bank Tiunnel eastern portal


Romiley: Hyde Bank Tiunnel eastern portal & puddling to seal leaks


Canal above River Goyt near eastern end of Hyde Bank Tiunnelw


Cutting in site of Rose Hill Tunnel opened out in 1830s 10
Ordnance Survey map: Marple aqueduct & railway viaduct 10
Railway viaduct (MSLR Hyde & Marple Extension) viewed from canal approach to Marple aqueduct   11
Marple aqueduct & railway viaduct (Romiley)


Marple aqueduct seen from River Goyt with MSLR repairs visible 12
Marple aqueduct 13
Marple aqueduct:: pedestrian refuge 13
Wide with abandoned cargo boat & bridge at foot of Marple lock flight   14
View in opposite direction to above (note on tramway which avoided lock fight in caption) 15
Bridge over tail of bottom lock for boat crews (high qulaity nof masonry) 15
Lock keeper's house adjacent bottom lock with cow being gived water 16
Ordnance Survey map: Marple aqueduct & railway viaduct (no trace of locks) 17
Former lock keeper's house at Lock 6 (demolished in 1962): bywash round lock 18
Almost identical to above, but caption mentions Lock 9 and availability of teas & picnic tables & tramway 18
Ordnance Survey map: Marple  with part of lock flight 19
Canal branch to Samuel Oldknow lime warehouse partly built over canal (on photograph: Strines Road, Marple). See also letter from John Howat page 40 20
Ordnance Survey map: showing tramways to above warehouse. See also letter from Roger Holden in Issue 107 page 41: map date 1931 surveyed 1919 20
Marple top lock: other loacks in flight partly visible: boatman on balance beam of top lock 21
Marple Brick Bridge 21
Opposite of above bridge 22
Ancoats Ragged School Country House (extant) at Newton Walls or Pluck's Bridge: rowing boat on canal 22
Higgins Clough swing bridge (mainly off to right of image) 23
Ordnance Survey map: does show Higgins Clough swing bridge 23
Canal S-bend above Goyt valley with horse bacccering and  boat with load of coal & crew relaxing 24
Pleasure boat in 1950s at same spot as above: concrete walling to restore canal after major breach during LNER care. See also Issue 127 letter from John Howat with pictures of 1973 breach. 24
Ordnance Survey map: Newtown 25
New Mills from canal (caption mentions New Mills GC & Mid Joint station invisble below visible church & refers to map) 26
Furnace Vale small aqueduct: boat possibly loaded with limetone but no horse 27
Ordnance Survey map: Furnace Vale 27
Furnace Vale: fixed pedestrian footbridge. See letter from Roger Holden in Issue 107 page 41 on confusion in caption concerning bridges, 28
Junction with Whalley Bridge branch with lattice girder footbridge (caption details route taken by boatmen & horses): also  rowing boat 29
Towpath bridge on approach to Bugsworth 29
Ordnance Survey map: Bugsworth 30
Bugsworth limwstone stacks & tramway wagons 31
Bugsworth: procession & limwstone stacks & tramway wagons & boat on canal (caption mentions railway station) 31
Bugsworth canal basin with limwstone stacks & tramway wagons & crane 32
Bugsworth viewedd from Brierley Green (caption mentions what is barely visible & dual carriageway road which nearly removed canal basin) 32

Inbye: Archive's letter page. 33

Where exactly are we? John Clegg
In the last issue Euan Corrie asked for details of a bridge believed to be on the Peak Forest canal but one he could not place. Thanks to two readers we are able to place it: Clegg used his COVID permitted daily exercise to cyde up the Peak Forest Canal to Marple and back in order to discover whether the bridge shown in Issue 105 (page 47) is on the canal. As soon as I reached Bridge 4 at Dunkirk Lane, on the north side of Hyde, I spotted similarities and stopped to take photographs, which I attach. Apologies for the dodgy quality of the image taken into the sun. The details indicate that this is indeed 'Rylands Bridge, Hyde', albeit with rather overgrown surroundings. There is no longer a mill chimney to be seen through the span (onJytrees!), but Hyde lies beyond the bridge and careful scrutiny of old OS maps would probably identify the mill. We live not far from the remains of the Hollinwood Branch of the Ashton Canal and on my way out today I cycled round the edge of Crime Lake (shown on page 44) and along the towpath of the Fairbottom Branch in order to reach the main road to Ashton. Incidentally, the Fairbottom Branch goes towards the former coal-pits and 200 year-old iron works at Park Bridge. What is now a wooded valley and nature reserve was once a grim industrial site. Unfortunately the railway viaduct which once sparrned the valley has long since gone. Tameside Council has provided useful information around the site, including pictures of earlier conditions.

Where exactly are we? David Kitching
Looked at the mystery bridge photograph on page 47 of Archive 105 and confirmed that this is Dunkirk Bridge (No. 4 on the Peak Forest Canal). The iron girders have been replaced by concrete beams but the abutments and parapets are instantly recognisable.
Re the short narrow boat shown on page 44 of the same issue, this is the Nellie, M S & L fleet number 43. It was built in 1864 as a short boat for use as a bank maintenance boat on the Waterhouses & Hollinwood Canal. It was broken up in 1929. Another bank boat was the Flora which was shortened to 58ft in 1896 for use on the Ashton Canal. As these boats were not required to carry a full load their short hull enabled them to be more easily turned round. It is unlikely that they ever went anywhere near the Huddersfield Broad Canal and its short locks.

Reddish . Roger N. Holden
Re pictures showing mills at Reddish:, some details in the caption on page 46 about Houldsworths Mill need clarification. The conversion of the mills has been for a mix of commercial and residential use but more importantly it is not correct to say that the engine and boiler houses have been demolished. As originally constructed in 1865, there was a central beam engine house driving both north and south mills, via a gear drive. In 1900 two new engine houses were constructed, to drive north and south mills separately via a rope drive. The 1865 engine house and boiler house were retained. A plan of this layout will be found on page 107 (fig.84) of my book Stott & Sons: architects of the Lancashire cotton mill (Lancaster: Carnegie, 1998). The 1900 engine house to the south mill has been demolished, not sure when this happened, bu tthe 1900 engine house to the north mill still stands, currently encased in scaffolding. More importantly the 1865 engine house also still stands, together with at least parts of the boiler house. However, no use has ever been found for the 1865 engine house and it has been on Historic England's Heritage at Risk register for many years. It should also be noted that the chimney also still stands, making an important local landmark. Largest cotton mill in the World? Maybe it was at one time, but this claim is made about rather a lot of mills! More interestingly the mill was laid out to spin fine "Bolton counts" yarn and in 1865 was equipped with hand, not self-acting, mules, supplied by Dobson & Barlow of Bolton. 'Hand mules' were not totally hand operated, but the name referred to the fact that the winding part of the cycle was controlled manually, the spinning part up the cycle being carried out automatically under power. In 1900 they re-equipped with self-acting mules, again from Dobson & Barlow, which by then were capable of spinning fine counts. But these would have required more power than the original hand mules, hence the need for new engines.

Malcolm Bobbitt. In the Showroom: Three Wheeling into the 1940s and 1950s. 34-43
Seem to remember helping to lift one to assist in turning it for driver restricted to motorcycle license (& reverse on vehicle). Reliant employed JAP engines and one's of its own design.

Raleigh three-wheeler chassis 34
Raleigh three-wheeled light van (advertisement showing Coty-owned vehicle) 35
Stevens light commercial vehicles (advertisement) 36
James lght van or truck (advertisement for Commercial Transport Motor Show) 37
Ivy Karryall as preserved at Dumfries c2008 37
Reliant Engineering production line in former Midland Red bus garage at Tamworth c1938 38
Reliant van preserved at 1970s classic vehicle event 38
Reliant chassis with Austin 7 engine in situ (1938) 39
Reliant Regent van operated by Veg-e-cars: note large scales & how useful for corona captives... if only 40
Reliant stand at London Cycle & Motor Cycle show in 1952 with Regent van 41
Reliant Regal with British Standard family and picnic 42
Reliant Regal on Reliant stand at 1955 Motor Cycle show at Earls Court 42
Reliant Regal Mk III with fibreglass promotion by Fibreglass Ltd 43
Reliant Regal Mk III with four passengers & wooden surfboard at surf-less cove 43

The Institute: Archive's reviews. 44-5

Louis Coatalen — engineering impresario of Humber, Sunbeam, Talbot and Darracq. Oliver Heal. Unicorn. 288pp. Reviewed by Malcolm Bobbitt.
The subject was born in Brittany, but moved to Britain in 1901 where his engineering skill contributed to the automotive industry and included the Sunbeam World Speed Record cars. Only his fourth wife enjoyed her marriage to him. Thoroughly recommended.

The number plate book. John Harrison. Easingwold: Newby Books. 152pp. Reviewed by Malcolm Bobbitt.
Recommended in spite of poor paper, yupographical errors and lack of editing.

Waterways Journal: Volume 22. Ellesmere Port: Waterways Museum. Reviewed by Ian Pope

Graham Cozens and James Tuck. Haswell Colliery Disaster. 46-51
See Editorial in Issoe 107. At 15.15 on 28 September 1844 an explosion or explosions at Haswell Colliery led to 95 deaths, some boys only ten years old. Charles Lyell and Michael Faraday were called in to investigate. The mine closed in 1896

Ordnance Survey map: Haswell 46
Map showing Hartlepool Dock & Railway & collieries c1850 47
Haswell Colliery: engraving from Illustrated London News 5 October 1844 48
Haswell Colliery: underground workings 49
Roll of Honour and photograph of monument 50
Burial of the dead at Holy Trinity Church, Haswell engraving from Illustrated London News 51
Haswell Banner now in Durham Cathedral 51
Haswell Colliery: photograph from 1866 51

Ian Pope. Richard Thomas and the Lydbrook Tinplate Works. 52
The precise date when tinplate production started at Lydbrook is not known, but probably around 1760 by John Partridge and his son, also John. In 1806 Thomas Allaway and Pearce became involved. There is a biography of Richard Thomas who acquired the Lydbrook Tinplate Works and eventually established a tinplate empire, but was buried in Lydbrook in 1916.

GWR 2021 0-6-0ST shunting at Severn & Wye railway siding above tinplate works at Lydbrook in 1920s 52
Lettrhead and circular letter of 1 April 1871 and "established 1798" and signed Richard Thomas 53
Part of plan from conveyance document of 1875 showing Severn & Wye railway 54-5
Middle Forge area of works 54
Derelict works post closure 55
Ordnance Survey map 1902 of Lydbrook Valley and works 56
Middle Forge buildings 57
Lydbrook Viaduct in 1874 (when new) also tinplate works buildings 57
Richard Thomas portrait 58
Lettrhead Richard Thomas & Co  Limited Lydbrook  with telephone number 59
Lydbrook idyllic scene as it lacks odours enveloping photographer 59
Richard Thomas dumb buffer wagon of Lydney Iron & Tin Works with workers carrying leverage metal rods 60
Workmen from Lydbrook tinplate works: 61
Workmen from Lydbrook tinplate works: with cloths around necks and tools for handling metals 61
Workmen from Lydbrook tinplate works: with tools to place billets into furnace 62
Lydbrook tinplate works: possibly after closure with furnace doors 62
Team cutting away base of chimney in 1937 at Lydbrook tinplate works: 63
View of cut away chimney from  across vallety 63
Chimney collapsing 63
Lydbrook Viaduct & Tinman's Arms Store in 1950s 64
Aerial view of Lydbrook Viaduct in 1950s 64

Issue 107 (September)

Kavounides Shipping Co. Ltd publicity
material for Venice  to Piraeus service:
with St. Mark's Venice
behind (colour: artiists impression)

Editorial. Ian Pope. 1
Welcome to Mike Tedstone (below: author of Balmoral and the Bristol Channel: the late years of P. & A. Campbell Ltd passenger steamship owners Lydney: Black Dwarf, 2011) and apology to Graham Cozens

Mike Tedstone. Gone Greek: an extreme conversion from Empress Queen to Philippos. 2-29
P. & A. Campbell Ltd Empress Queen was built in the Aiilsa shipyard in Troon with turbine engine from Harland & Wolff. She entered service in 1940 as HMS Sea Eagle (but this aspect is excluded from the description). In 1946 she was reconditioned at the Aiilsa shipyard and entered service in June 1947. Her original primary market (no Passpoort cross Channel day trips had been lost because of currency restrictions and damage to piers and she was tried on the Bristol Channel saiilings for which she was too long and lacking in the maneuverability of a paddle steamer. In the following season she returned to the South Coast and in the final season was based at Torquay with planned trips to Guernsey and along the coast. Three seasons were spent out of service at Bristol and in 1955 she was sold to the Kavounides brothers in Greece to operate as a small cruise ship on the Venice  to Piraeus service. In 1960 the turbines were replaced by Crossley diesel engines and the accomodation was enlarged. She was very like the Queen Mary II on the Clyde on which some of the Jones family cruised from Brodick to Campbeltown in c1974 (the eldest daughter managed to be seasick in mill pond conditions). John Lusted fills in the period of service during WW2. Illustrations: fc=front cover

Kavounides Shipping Co. Ltd publicity material for Venice  to Piraeus service: Philippos with St. Mark's Venice behind (colour: artiists impression)


P. & A. Campbell Ltd Empress Queen: new luxury turbine ship (colour: artiists impression)


Official P. & A. Campbell Ltd postcard of Empress Queen on South Coast


Sketch of Philippos of Kavounides Linne


HMS Sea Eagle whilst being fitted out in 1940


first Brighton Queen at Eastbourne


White Funnel Fleet promotional leaflet 1948-50 includes TSS Empress Queen


Empress Queen maneuvering out of Ilfracombe Stonebench (photograph by George Owen of Swansea)


Campbell's sailings from Brighton July 1947 handbill for Empress Queen


Eagle Steamers 1952 Southend timetable leaflet


Campbell's Steamers 1949-50 leaflet for South Coast


Campbell's Steamers 1948-50 leaflet for "parties with a difference" featuring  Empress Queen 10
Eagle Steamers 1952 Southend timetable leaflet Royal Daffodil trips to Boulogne and to Margate 10
Empress Queen anchored of Ilfracombe with Cardiff Queen and Britannia in July 1947 (photograph by George Owen) 11
Campbell's sailings both Bristol Channel and from Torquay (latter with  Empress Queen) promotional material 1951 12
P. & A. Campbell notice of cancellation of excursions to Plymouth etc Western Morning News 2 July 1951 13
British Railways handbill ffor Guernsey day excursions from Paddington via Torquay 13
C.W. Kellock & Co. Ltd sale notice for  Empress Queen 14
Philippos heading down River Avon on 3 April 1955 15
Philippos Swan Hellenic1956 brochure for Mediterranean cruises foom Venice 16
Official P. & A. Campbell Ltd postcard of second Brighton Queen 17
General arrangement drawing of Empress Queen submitted by Hills yard in Bristol 18
Enclosed open space on  Empress Queen 19
Philippos at Perama prior to conversion 19
Philippos on probable first trio following conversion 20
Philippos as turbine ship accommodation for passengers and crew deck plans 21
Philippos as motor vessel showing cabin accommodation and deck layouts 22
Philippos during conversion to motor vessel at Piraeus from Piraeus Annual Report for 1960 (colour) 23
Kavounides Shipping Co. Ltd publicity material for Philippos Venice  to Piraeus service 24
Kavounides Shipping Co. Ltd timetable for Philippos Venice  to Piraeus service 24
Philippos at quayside in Piraeus Grand Harbour (colour) 25
Map: for Philippos Venice  to Piraeus service 26
Philippos off Mykonos 26
Philippos in Corinth Canal in 1964 (colour) 27
Philippos with derricks for handling cars 28
ANEK Lines map 2004 28
Empress Queen at Brighton Pier 29

Euan Corrie. Ashton, Peak Forest & Macclesfield Canals: Part three: the Macclesfield Canal. 30-40
Thomas Telford and William Crossley engineered canal ith Act of 1826: characterised by fine stone structures. Canal takrn over by Sheffied Ashton-under-Lyne & Manchester Railway in 1846. North Cheshire Cruising Club at High Lane.

Macclesfield Canal junction with Peak Forest Canal with snake ridge in background (coloured postcard) 30
Marple Ordnance Survey map showing Macclesfield Canal 1909 31
Eccles Bridge 32
Eccles Bridge Ordnance Survey map showing Macclesfield Canal 1909 partially updated 1935 32
High Lane: view from Marriotts Bridge towards Matple with trunk telephone line from Potteries to Manchester 33
High Lane Ordnance Survey map with High Lane Arm 1909 33
Towpath bridge over entrance to High Lane Arm 34
Clarence Mill, Bollington 35
Bollington Ordnance Survey map 1909 showing aqueduct and Clarence Mill 35
View from Hurst Lane Bridge towards Bollington and Old Bank Mill chimney on skyline 36
Bollington War Memorial with Bollington aqueduct behind, also coal chute from canal to stone built yard below 37
Grimshaw Lane Aqueduct 37
Empty canal viewed  from Green's Bridge following February 1912 breach & devastated valley bottom 38
-1Ordnance Survey map 1897 showing tramway from quarries to canal 38
Bosley Cloud, canal, North Staffordshire Railway train: caption mentions embankment of branch from railway to Vaudrey's Wharf on canal 59
John Green's City of London narroe boat on canal at almost same location as above, but Cloud in cloudier conditions 59
Hightown, Congleton where Park Lane becomes Biddulph Road with high bridge over canal and railway 60

Inbye: Archive's letter page 40-1

Peak Forest Canal. John M.T. Howat.
Breach at Higgins Clough culvert near Disley in July 1973: three illustrations based on faded colout transparencies scanned as black & whte: looking down onto breach from White House with cabin cruiser in empty canal; view along almost empty canal; another cabin cruiser at foot of gully created by breach..Another illustration taken in the 1980s shows grooves for the rails in cantilevered stonework for the tramway from Lock 10: see Issue 106 page 20

Furness Vale, Peak Forest. Roger N. Holden

Malcolm Bobbitt. In the Showroom: Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost. 42-53.
Includes brief biographies of Charles Stewart Rolls, Henry Royce and Claude Johnson (the managing director from 1903). Illustrations (ifc= inside front cover)

Silver Ghost (colour) ifc
F.H. Royce & Co. first car outside Cooke Street  works, Manchester in 1904 42
Charles Stewart Rolls Lillie Hall car maintenance shop 43
Charles Stewart Rolls portrait 44
Henry Royce portrait 44
Rolls-Royce chassis number 23927 built at Cooke Street  works at Windsor in August 1905 with Rolls at wheel with French naval officers 45
Rolls-Royce chassis number 26357 with Percy Northey at the wheel and riding mechanic Cyril Durlacher following Isle of Man Tourist Trophy in 1905 46
Advertisement Rolls-Royce Ltd: shows AX 192 six-cylinder car 47
Cat and Fiddle Inn in 1907 with AX 201 Silver Ghost driven by Claude Johnson and Montague Napier; AX 205 with Rolls driving; AX 192 driven by Harry Swindley and NMR 8 driven by W. Hallam 48
Chassis number 60737: R 522 driven by Eric Platford on hill climb during 1908 Touring Car Trial 49
Chassis number 1200 driven by Henry Royce at Lands End in 1911 50
Claude Johnson at wheel of  Silver Phantom chassis number 1106 with Barker Roi-des-Beges coachwork 51
Claude Johnson at wheel of  Silver Phantom on Amulree Hill in 1909 Scottish Reliability Trial 51
Interior Derby factory 52
Chassis number 1929 with Dick Bros. of Kilmarnock coachwork owned George Clark of Saxone Shoe Co, 53
Chassis number 117MC Phantom with Atcherley tourer coachwork owned Geoffrey Suumers of steel company at Shotton on Aird ferry 53

The Institute: Archive's reviews. 54

Skimpings 1: Where are we? A shipping problem. 55
John Ambler states Amlwch and gives reason for ship lying on its side

Mike G. Fell. Transport scenes from a family album. 56-61
Photographs from family album of Alfred Robinson Stone, born on 5 June 1905 at Field House on Bulcote Model Farm in Nottinghamshire. He was educated at the Mundella School in Nottingham, then at Gainsborough Technical School, North Staffordshire Technical College and University College Nottingham and became a Fellow of the Insstitute of Sewage Purification.. In 1923 he began an apprenticeship with Marshall, Sons & Co. in Gainsborough. Between 1926 and 1928 he was employed by the City of Stoke-on-Trent Sewage Disposal Committee as Assistant Resident Engineer where in addition to new sewage works he designed railway access to the Michelin Tyre factory. In 1928 he became General Assistant to his father at the Nottingham City Sewage Farm and Manager in 1936 followinng his father's death.

Ferry Boat Inn at Stoke Bardolph with pony and trap and Ford Model T (postcard) 56
Alfred Robinson Stone, standing beside River Trent where clean and pure 57
LMS Claughton type 4-6-0 performing load deflection tests on new bridge over Trent & Mersey Canal on Michelin railway 57
Map: Michelin railway 58
Eric on Raleigh motorcycle near works of Stafford Coal & Iron Co. c1927 58
Nottingham Corpotation Sewage Works and Farms John Fowler single cylinder Class B5 engine WN 9011 AL 9296 hauliing wagon of oats or rye 59
Four Shire hotses hauling segmenred roller 59
Map: Stoke Bardolph and Sewage Wotks and Bulcote Model Farm 60
Model T Ford lorry loaded with conical milk churns outside Stoke Bardolph Farm offices: lorry owned Edward Caunt: som Harold in photograph 60
Bulcote Lodge Farm with Ernest John Cope driving trap and son Herbert John astride Ariel motorcycle 61
Austin 2-3-ton lorry with Nottingham registration and solid tyres 61

Skimpings 2: An industrial interlude 62-3.

Narrow gauge 0-4-2T outaide engine shed (locomotive under a very tall chimney) 62
Outside cylinder 0-4-0ST with train of side-tipping hutches (narrow gauge?) 62
0-6-0T Portishead at Renishaw Ironworks: see notes below table. 63
Hudswell, Clarke 0-4-0 saddle tank Oldham could also be seen at Renishaw. 63

The 0-6-0T was built by Robert Stephenson in 1879 (WN 2383) [one source says 1880, another 1887] for the contractor building the Freshwater, Yarmouth & Newport Railway on the Isle of Wight between 1880 and 1888 where it was named Freshwater [one source states Longdown] on this contract]. Its history gets hazy from then: it was apparently sold to the London & St. Katherine Dock Co. and then to a contractor who was said to have named it Longdown. It was acquired by the Weston, Clevedon & Portishead Railway in 1898. Here it was named Portishead. Its stay here was short and it was sold on in 1900 to the Renishaw Ironworks, Sheffield. However, one source states that it was used on John Dickson's railway contract between Exeter and Christow when still named Longtown in 1903 but this must be an error as by then the name Portishead was carried which the locomotive retained when owned by Renishaw. The same source that gives it in Devon also states it worked on Canada Dock, Liverpool in 1903 before going to the WC&PR. At Renishaw Ironworks  Portishead worked until about 1936/37 when it was scrapped. As seen in photograph it is much patched up and may already have lost its nameplate off the far side.

Skimpings 3: An unknown industrial location, 64
Large industrial site built on grounds of a substantial house which appears to have been extended to rear. The industrial unit was railway served and had a river to rear and road to front. There is no traffic on the road. Railway traffic exited via level crossings with the road. There appear to be at leasr two bogie open wagons; a characteristic of the GNR/LNER and the Caledonian. There may be a reservoir at the upper (left hand) part of the site. There are two tall "factory" chimneys: there is no smoke from either. There are railway box vans and substation wagon loading buildings. One of the chimneys emerges from a multi-storey building and may be a power house. One industrial building (left most) may have lettering on it. The caption suggests 1920s or 30s. Might it h ave been some sort of extractive industry? Steve Grudgings Collection

Issue 108 (December)

Butlers Tar Works in early 1960s

Steve Grudgings. Hanham to Hotwells — industry and the Bristol Avon. Part 1. 2-17.

Butlers Tar Works in early 1960s with boats on Avon to take products downstream: same colour photograph as cover


Hanham Colliery with colliers with safety lamps & drinks cans


Ordnance Survey 25-inch map 1917: Hanham Colliery and River Avon


Conham Hill withslag blocks from copper smelters in wall in early 1960s (colour)


Looking downstream from Conham towards Crews Hole (Samuel Loxton sketch)


River Avon below Butlers Works (Samuel Loxton sketch)


The Bull public house at Crews Hole (colour)


Butlers Tar Works aerial view taken in 1926


View taken from tower of Butlers Tar Works by John Cornwell


AEC road tanker 714 RHT loading liquids in1973 (John Cornwell)


Egg-ended storage tanks (John Cornwell)


Lennard continuous pipe still (John Cornwell)


Tanks, pumps & pipework (John Cornwell) 10
Quicklime kilns (Parsons Collection) 10
Boats moored beside works (Parsons Collection) 11
Closer view of boat alongside quay (Parsons Collection) 11
Butlers boat Isabelle discharging liquid at Butlers Wharf (Parsons Collection) 12
Former St. Aidan's church converted intio research laboratories (Parsons Collection) 12
Richard Parsons on board Carbolate pushing off Butlers Wharf 13
Avon near North Somerset railway bridge; wood yard of St. Anne's Board Mills & Netham Chemiical Works (Samuel Loxton sketch) 13
Avon looking upstream with St. Anne's Board Mills & silver tanks of Butlers (Parsons Collection: colour) 14
Richard Parsons on board Carbolate looking up river with board mills dock & Troopers Hill chimney & Lamb Inn 14
Ordnance Survey 25-inch map Brislington Bridge to Conham 15
Brislington Bridge, barges carrying pyrites, wharf for United Chemical Companies at Netham & GWR goods yard 15
St. Anne's Board Mills with author's long suffering girlfriend in 1977 (colour) 16
Brislington Bridge on same day as above (colour) 16
Feeder Canal; lockgates closed & Netham Bridge (Parsons Collection: colour) 17
Richard Parsons on board Carbolate passing under Netham Bridge with lorry above 17

Malcolm Bobbitt. In the Showroom: Bristol Cars the early years. 18-29.
Formed by George White, born on 28 March 1854; died 22 November 1916, when he became secretary of Bristol's horse-drawn tramway and became a member of the Bristol Stock Exchange. He was quick to see the potential for electric tramways and both converted the existing horse-drawn routes and form a network of electric tram routes. The company expanded its activities by using part of the Filton tram depot to construct lorries and buses and extended into aircraft production in 1910. After the death of Geoge White car production was added to the firm's portfolio. Bobbitt does not mention Sir George White's railway interests which were aimed at limiting the influence of the Great Western Railway. Sir Roy Fedden (1885-1973) was briefly involved in the design of a car, but was a major influence on engine design for aircraft. Between the Wars the Bristol Aeroplane Company explored car manufacture, but it was not until after World War II that designs emerged as the 400 series which made its deebut at the Geneva Motor Show in 1947. This design incorporated much from AFN Ltd which Frazer Nash had become  and therefore the influence of H.J. Aldington. The company went into liquidation in 2020.

Second series Type 400 MHU 147 (colour) 18
Prototype Fedden 1EX (Science Museum) 19
AFN brochure showing 320 series which included saloons and cabriolets 21
BMW 335 saloon (colour) 22
Bristol 2-litre saloon: Bristol Aeroplane Company advertisement in The Motor 23
Bristol 2-litre saloon prototype with Brabazon airliner under construction at Filton 24
Bristol 400 series assembled outside Filton works from The Autocar 19 March 1948 24
Bristol 400 chassis number 1 on Vatersay overlooking Isle of Barra in May 2016 (colour: Michael Barton) 25
Bristol 401 saloon: advertisement in The Autocar April 1952 26
Bristol 403 saloon in Paris in March 1954 with Bristol French agent André Chardonnet 27
Bristol 401 saloon interior showing aircraft type instrument panel, t elescopic steering wheel and roller blind sun-visors: The Autocar 26 November 1948 27
Bristol 405 saloon: advertisement for Earls Court Motor Show comparing it to gunsmith craftsmanship 28
Bristol 407 saloon with Chrysler 5.2 litre V8 engine (colour) 29
Bristol Fighter 2-door sallon with Bristol 400 chassis number 1 (colour) 29
Bristol Bullet 2-door open tourer which never went into production (colour) 29

Inbye: Archive's letter page. 30-1

Where were we? Amlwch. John Ambler
SS Blackrock had been in collision with SS Balniel close to Liverpool Bar and was taken to Amlwch dry dock for repair, but a storm caused the Blackrock to break through the gates and capsize, but the damage was refitted and renamed St. Eleth. It served as the SS Empire Lethe for the Ministry of War Transport in WW2, but capsized carrying coal from Birkenhead to Dundalk on 1 February 1951 when it had retuned to its old name.

Gone Greek. John Lusted
The Empress Queen became HMS Queen Eagle during WW2. It was used as an Auxiliary AA ship to defend narrow waters such as the approach to the Tyne, but would have been difficult to manoeuvre in narrow waters. It was eventually demobilised and conveyed troops between Stranraer and Larne. He expresses surprise at the Kavounides Line willingness to take on such an unsuitable vessel and to subsequently fit with unsuitable diesel engines.

Duncan Harper. Radstock's 'Marble Arch'. 32-3
The photograph is magnificent, but it is difficult to perceive where the incline went (an Ordnance Survey map extraxt would have been useful). The rope-worked Tyning incline connected to the Tyning colliery to the railway and convey waste from Middle Pit and Ludlows up to join that from Tyning

Photograph taken by Algernon Mundy c1908 of rope-worked incline and bridge over Somerset & Dorset Joint Railway 32
Plan of bridge c1892 when the S&DJR was widened 33

Euan Corrie. The Chesterfield Canal. 34-9.
The canal was surveyed by James Brindley in 1767 and opened throughout in 1777. In 1847 the canal company amalgamated with the Staveley and Worsop railway as it was being incorporated into the Manchester, Sheffield & Lincolnshire. The major engineering feature was the Norwood Tunnel which is over one mile long. It suffered from coal mining leading to a collapse on 18 October 1907 which was not repaired. In 1961 British Waterways started  an attempt to close what remained, but the Retford & Worksop Boat Club opposed this and this led to the formation of the Chesterfield Canal Society: inspection of its website shows that it has heroic ambitions

Humber keel Viking entering West Stockworth Lock from the tidal River Trent 34
Plan of Chesterfield Canal as surveyed in 1769 from Gentlemen's Magazine 1777 35
Crab winch at West Stockworth Lock 36
Dutch built barge Actief at West Stockworth Lock waiting to enter tidal Trent 36
Misterton Low Lock 37
Lady or Man Face bridge (now Number 54) carrying main drive to Wiseton Hall 37
Clayworth Bridge & White Hart Inn now Retford & Worksop Boat Club house 38
Woodcock's Bridge on former canal 39
Killamarsh former canal 39
Canal alongside MSLR which opened in 1892 and subsequently installed water troughs at Eckington 40
Steel's or Hounsfield Bridge at New Brimington 40

The Institute: Archive's reviews. 41

Rolls-Royce & Bentley — motor car engineer. Peter Hill. York: Author. 543pp. Reviewed by Malcolm Bobbitt.
Began as a trade apprentice at Crewe in 1958 and eventually became a senior engineer. Reviewer notes several errors, but states that it is a major reference work.

Southern style — the Southern Railway. John Harvey. Butterley: Historical Model Railway Society, 240pp. Reviewed by John Pope.
Very useful volume for railway modellers: covers whole period of Company's existence

Nick Deacon. Biscuits for the World — Huntley & Palmers of Reading. 42-64.
In 1822 Joseph Huntley, a Quaker, opened a biscuit baking and confectionary shop opposite The Crown in London Street. George Palmer entered into partnership in 1838. Steam powered machinery greatly increased biscuit output. William Exall, a Reading iron founder and engineer, assisted in mechanization. Narrow gauge railways were built for handling materials and eventually this extended to about 12 miles. The Kennet & Avon Canal conveyed ingredients in and products out, but in 1869 a standard gauge railway network was started. Before that Pickfords had provided the link with the railways. In 1869 output reached 15,000 tons and there were 2500 employed. The Prince of Wales visited the factory. The business was taken over byAlfred and Ernest Palmer when their father died in 1897. Ernest was created a Baronet and subsequently a Baron. He was elected to the Board of the GWR in 1898 and became Deputy Chairman in 1906. Locomotives were named after him. Biscuits were produced in vast quantities to supply the troops fighting in the trenches during WW1. Biscuit production ceased in 1976.

Aerial view of Reading including  Huntley & Palmers premises & both Southern & Great Western Railways & Thames and Kennet rivers 42
Thomas Huntley 1802-1857 44
George Palmer 1818-1897 44
Ordnance Survey 25-inch map surveyed in 1827 showing biscuit factory & notoroious gaol 45
Ordnance Survey 25-inch map surveyed in 1898 showing biscuit factory & more notoroious gaol 47
Black, Hawthorn outside-cylinder 0-4-0ST A alongside GWR embankmeny with Driver Henry Tollervey 47
Works as depicted in Illustrated London News July 1882 48
Goods yard with Black, Hawthorn locomotive and assorted goods wagons, flour & sugar mills & Central Warehouse, c1900 49
Gloucester Railway Carriage & Wagon Co.: Huntley & Palmers 10-ton six-plank wagon 50
Five Gloucester Railway Carriage & Wagon Co.: Huntley & Palmers 10-ton wagons Nunbers 21-25 supplied in 1908 50
Plan & key to railway lines within works & entrance to tunnel under main lines as at 12 March 1942 51
Two Black, Hawthorn locomotives with A leading with  Driver Henry Tollervey on footplate with freight arrivibg including H&P wagos 52
Peckett outside-cylinder 0-4-0ST WN 832 as D with Driver Henry Tollervey on footplate 52
Standard & narrow gauge tracks adjacent Central Warehouse anf flour store with heavy horses ready to haul standard gauge wagon whilst human power in use on narrow gauge 53
Weighbridge with train hauled by locomotive A with Driver Henry Tollervey approaching 54
Huntley & Palmers motor vans on Albion Model 24 chasses with H&P bodies designed by Harry Ford 55
W.G. Bagnall fireless locomotive WN 2473/1932 lettered Huntley & Palmers No. 2 56
Visitors to factory posed around W.G. Bagnall fireless locomotive possibly with members of Reading Football Club team holding an FA Cup biscuit tin? 57
W.G. Bagnall fireless locomotive WN 2473/1932 lettered Huntley & Palmers No. 2 adjacent SE&CR signal box 58
W.G. Bagnall fireless locomotive No. 2 looking towards cab 58
W.G. Bagnall fireless locomotive No. 1 on approach lines from Kings Meadow tunnel 58
Kings Road in 1940s from bridge which crosses Kennet & Avon Canal with Huntley & Palmers buildings, cyclists and tramway pínch 59
Huntley & Palmers 1937 office frontage onto Kings Road 61
Huntley & Palmers 1937 office frontage onto Kings Road at a later date than above and from a different direction 63

Issue 109 (May 2021)

Barnum and Bailey poster
advertising Greatest Show on Earth

Steve Grudgings. Hanham to Hotwells — industry and the Bristol Avon. Part 2. 2-27.

Ordnance Survey 25-inch map 1918: the Feeder Canal & Great Westrern Railway approach of main line


Carbolate moored at Silverthorne Wharf on Feeder Canal adjacent Stapleton Road gas works


Carbolate  built in 1911 & in 2020 being converted into a floating restaurant


Ordnance Survey 25-inch map 1918: Feeder Canal ending in Totterdown Basin & Temple Meads station


Kelly's Directory map: Floating Harbour & Temple Meads station


Floating Harbour viewed from Bristol Bridge in fog c1910


Dorothy Hewitt photograph: view from Princes Street Bridge towards St. Mary Redcliffe with Transit Shed


View from Princes Street Bridge towards St. Mary Redcliffe with Transit Shed, Midland Railway Barge No. 213; steam tug Aries


Ordnance Survey 25-inch map 1918: Floating Harbour; Bathurst Basin & New Cut


Samueal Loxton sketch 1912 entrance to Bathurst Basin & Hospital 


Postcard: Bristol Docks c1910 from higher ground near St. Mary Redcliffe


Postcard: Bristol Docks c1910 near Cumberland Basin


Stothert & Pitt cranes unloading bales from ship into barges: many dockers observing


Montreal City unloading logs into barge


Samueal Loxton sketch: Ferry & Canons Marsh: large ocean going vessel being unloaded by steam cranes besude Canons Marsh railway warehouse 10
Old Bethel ship, Hotwells: Bethel Mission: temperance chael moored by mouth of Cumberland Basin, sketch 10
Ordnance Survey 25-inch map 1918: Floating Harbour & Cumberland Basin; Merchants Dock, timber warehouses of Baltic Wharf 11
Cranes around Charles Hills Albion dockyard in 1977 (company founded 1770s: last ship launched 1976 11
Harry Brown alongside Holms Sand and Gravel  Company's quay; Stothert & Pitts ril-mounted electric crane with round hoppers behind 12
Baltic Wharf warehouse owned Taylor & Law labelled with specific timbers: teak, mahogany, hardwood. softwood, plywood 13
Seemingly otherside of above with timber conveying railway wagons owned by Port of Bristol including E538728 with wagon ticket (possibly BR) 13
Stone-built office block: Osborn & Wallis Ltd: shipowners & coal factors 14
Hotwells Dock with steam crane grab unloading the Druid Stoke owned Osborn & Wallis, built Charles Hills 1929; also Ocean built T.A. Walker of Sudbrook 14
Druid Stoke lies off end of dock whilst steam crane works on small vessel  lying off end of dock.Orb built T.A. Walker of Sudbrook for O&W in 1911 15
Steam crane grab emptying hold of motorised barge in Hotwells Dock 15
Hotwells Dock electric telpher unloading coal from ship 16
Hotwells Dock electric telpher unloading coal (ship's funnel visible) 16
Electric telpher unloading coal into Osborn & Wallis, delivery lorry 17
Screening plant at end of telpher loading into Osborn & Wallis, delivery lorries 18
Screening plant at end of telpher loading into Osborn & Wallis, delivery lorry 18
Grab bucket & screening plant  close up 19
Osborn & Wallis, delivery lorry No, 3 being loaded in pre-HSE mode (coal falling into truck adjacent wo rker with shovel) 20
Osborn & Wallis, delivery lorry No, 3 being loaded with grab on ground 20
Thorneycroft Osborn & Wallis, delivery lorry No, 13 being loaded 21
Thorneycroft Osborn & Wallis, delivery lorry No, 18 being trimmed (lorry lettered Coal Merchants) 21
Osborn & Wallis Muir Hill loading shovel 22
Osborn & Wallis Muir Hill loading shovel 22
Men with shovels at work beside Osborn & Wallis, delivery lorry 23
Workmen waiting for train on Canons Marsh branch to pass 23
Rickett's railway coal wagons with Osborn & Wallis delivery lorry & railway line 24
Rickett's railway coal wagons with Osborn & Wallis weighbridge 24
Stone-built office block: Osborn & Wallis Ltd as per 14 ut with Bedford lorry in early 1960s 25
Commer lorry passing 1960s cars at entrance to Osborn & Wallis dock 25
Looking towards Cumberland Basin from end of Hotwells Dock with bonded tobacco warehouse behind 26
Men unloading cut tiimber beside offices at entrance to Cumberland Basin (offices now Cottage Pub) 26
Vessel tied up in Cumberland Basin with tug Peri alongside && twin funnelled waiting behind for trip down Avon? 27
Looking upstream towards entrance into Cumberland Basin with vessel being towed out by tug & others waiting to enter from River Avon 27

Malcolm Bobbitt. In the showroom... Raymond Mays Sports Car. 28-37
Thomas Raymond Mays was born in Eastgate House in Bourne on 1 August 1899. He died in Stamford Hospital on 6 January 1980. The family were fellmongers who cleaned animal hides in tanning pits beside the River Eau. Raymond was educated at Oundle School, then attended the Guards Officers Training School at Bushy Hall and served with the Grenadier Guards in France. In 1919 he resigned his commission to study engineering at Christ College, Cambridge

FLN 388 Raymond Mays Sports Car. with Carlton Carriage Co. coupé body on Marina Drive Brighton in 1939 wiith Lancelot Prideaux-Brune 28
Raymond Mays driving his Hillman following his win at Brooklands at 80 mile/h 29
Raymond Mays in seat of White Riley at Shelsley Walsh in 1933: Peter Berthron standing beside 30
Lucas Ignition advertisement featuring Raymond Mays in E.R.A. 1948 hill-climb 31
Flying Standard V-VIII publicity image 32
Flying Standard 2686cc V-VIII DKX 243 on hill climb during Kent TRial 33
Flying Standard 2686cc V-VIII CAA 917 at National Motor Museum at Beaulieu in 1972 33
Raymond Mays proposed light four-door saloon: intended for 1939, but killed off 34
Raymond Mays high performance car:: Autocar 5 May 1939 34
Raymond Mays sports tourer FLN 386 with Rivers Fletcher at the wheel 35
Raymond Mays sports tourer FLN 386 in service of Berkshire Constabulary with bell and extra lamps 36
Winter Garden Garages advertisemen in Motor of 29 May 1939 for Raymond Mays sports tourer 36

The Institute. 37
Making a marque—Rolls-Royce motor car promotion 1904-1940, Dalton Watson Fine Books. 464pp. 932 illustrations, reviewed by Malcolm Bobbitt. 37
"The book with its superb layout successfully illustrates and comments upon Rolls-Royce's evolving advertising..." Price £95.

Chriis Sambrook. The circus comes to town. 38-51
Faills to mention excelllent two-part article on W.R. Renshaw & Co. Ltd, and their extraordinary adventure into American style rolling stock for Barnum & Bailey by Mike Fell in Backtrack, 2014, 28. 45 and 104. The arrangements with Renshaw included providing covered accommodation for the trains during the winter months. Arrangements were also made by George Starr with the Railway Clearing House for the tour programme (that for 1898-1899 is listed on page 51. A fixed venue at Olympia i Kensington was arranged for both winters. The London County Council insisted that an asbestos safety curtain should be installed to protect the audience from any fire on the stage: this was supplied by Renshaw. Atlantic Transport Lines of Baltimore provided the SS Massachusetts for the Atlantic crossing to the Royal Albert Dock and the voyage began from New York on 13 November 1898. Disaster struck when the SS Massachusetts dropped the pilots and the ship rammed the small boat detailed to pick them up and they were drowned. The ship ran into a storm and this led to the death of a giraffe and several horses including a prize stallion and many of the performers being sea sick. Manchester was the initial tour venue, but carriages and wagons had to hired from the LNWR as not all the special vehicles were ready.

Colour illustration of Barnum and Bailey poster advertising Greatest Show on Earth: similar to last illustration, but slightly more realistic locomotive cover
W.R. Renshaw & Co. Ltd, Phoenix Works, Stoke-on-Trent. advertisement includes Barnum & Bailey bogie coach & Great Eastern Railway steel-frame goods wagon 38
P.T. Barnum and J.A. Bailey portrayed on poster announcing Greatest Show on Earth 39
James A. Bailey portrait 40
Portraits of Press Department: R.F. Harrison, General Press Agent; Theodore Bauer, Lingual Assistant; J. Henry Holden and H.L. Watkins 40
Firewall at Olympia being lifted into position 41
Ordnance Survey 25-inch map: W.R. Renshaw & Co. Ltd, Phoenix Works, Stoke-on-Trent & winter quarters Barnum & Bailey road & rail vehicles 42
French poster depicted Stoke-on-Trent winter quarters Barnum & Bailey 43
Barnum & Bailey advertising car with office  and living accommodation for advertising staff 43
Barnum & Bailey advertising car in parcels bay of one of Birmingham's large stations in May 1898 44
Barnum & Bailey advertising car under construction at Renshaw & Co. to design of Barney & Smith of Toledo, Ohio 44
Elephant being loaded into one of three elephant cars with sunken centres, partially opening roofs & small wheels 45
Harry L. Watkins portrait 46
Cover of Harry L. Watkins book Forty years in Europe 46
Barnum & Bailey poster for British 1899 tour 46
Barnum & Bailey sleeping cars fitted with buck-eye couplers 46
Sleeping car 56 fitted with buck-eye couplers from W.R. Renshaw & Co. catalogue 47
Highly decorated car with its human occupants? 47
Bogie flat car with small wheels and buck-eye couplers to carry road vehicles 47
Bogie stock car with small wheels and buck-eye couplers to carry menagerie of animals & horses 48
Two LNWR 0-6-0 Coal Engines with a  Barnum & Bailey train with leading vehicle LNWR passenger brake van acting as barrier vehicle 48
Taff Vale Railway excursion poster for Barnum & Bailey Cardiff show on 21 June 1898 49
Barnum Buffalo Bill Cody's Wild West Show train including bogie animal carrying cars & sleeping cars at British station in 1903-1906 50
Poster with artist's impression of LNWR 4-4-0, trains, road vehicles & big top 51

Euan Corrie. Scottish bypasses. 54-64.
Since living in Norfolk we once helped to operate the locks on the Crinan Canal  to assist the passage of Eileen's twin's boy friend's yacht through the Canal: he hit the lock wall as he exited the sea lock at Crinan— I later got stuck on attempting to board the vessel at Tobermory and got very wet. It was my sole experience of the joys of sailing outwith the Clyde: and the views in the Firth of Lorne were magnificent.

David MacBrayne steamer Glencoe on Islay sailing at West Loch Tarbert 52
Map of Scotland showing Crinan and Caledonian Canals. 53
Ardrishaig  Pier with paddle steamers Columba and Iona 54
Ordnance Survey 25-inch map 1899 Ardrishaig 54
Ardrishaig Harbour with church. PS Iona and canal just visible 55
Lock No. 2 at Ardrishaig & herring nets drying 55
Puffer Hafton & pleasure boat: latter berthed where Linnet sometimes moored 56
Clydeforth, steam dredger from Forth & Clyde Canal 56
Linnet leaving Cairnbaarn Bottom Lock 57
Ordnance Survey 25-inch map 1899  Cairnbaarn Locks 57
Silver Crest II, fishing vessel & Cairnbaarn Store 58
Ordnance Survey 25-inch map 1899  Summit pound & Dunardry Locks 58
Linnet leaving top lock at Dunardry 59
Silver Crest II descends from second lock at Dunardry 59
Rolling drawbridge at Crinan Canal Lock 11 at Dunardry 60
Road on rolling drawbridge showing counterweights 60
Operator's platform on rolling drawbridge 60
Dunardry bottom lock before rees blocked view 61
Ordnance Survey 25-inch map 1899; Crinan approach & sea lock 61
Linnet and Chavalier and puffer Countess of Kellie owned MacBraynes at Crinan 62
Linnet at head of Lock 14 with Montrose-based fishing boat ascending lock & Crinan Hotel 62
Sealight, Raylight and Dane, puffers,  await passage through the sea lock below Lock 14 63
Vital Spark and VIC 32 at Crinan 64
Silver Crest II leaving sea lock at Crinan on 1 June 1996 64

Issue 110 (June 2021)

Stanier class 8F emerges from south
end of new tunnel with train of tank
wagons on Harecastle Diverion

Robert Humm. Hawthorns & Co. and the Leith Engine Works. 2-20.
The response to a contribution to the Journal od the Railway & Canal Historical Scoiety in 2018 encouraged Humm to further research the output of the works, especially in terrms of its locomotives and ships. The works were located on the banks of the Water of Leith where it enters the Firth of Forth. They were founded by James B. Maxton in the mid-1830s as a foundry and general engineering works. R. and W. Hawthorn of Newcastle became interested in the Leith establishment when Maxton ran into financial difficulty and when Scotland appeared to offer a good market for its locomotives and they had to be conveyed there by sea before the opening of the Royal Border Bridge, Humm quesstions what James Lowe stated about the name adopted, namel Hawthorns & Co. Samuael Dobson Davison (1821-1883) was  the managing partner for the Leith company. Humm postulates that Llai Llai may have been the inspiration for the inside-cylinder British 4-4-0 which dominated express passenger desiigns in the late nineteenth century.

Map of Leith Engine Works.with inseet showing drawing


Leith Engine Works: engraving of `860


Hawthorns & Co. engineers, iron and brass founders, Leith Engine Works:: advertisement, 1860s


Hawthorns 0-4-2 works number 133 as Coltness Iron Co, No. 3


Hawthorns 2-4-0 works number 209 as Inverness &  Aberdeen Junction Railway No. 11 Stafford


Hawthorns 2-4-0 for Deeside Railway, subsequently GNoSR No. 49


Hawthorns 0-6-0WT works number 234 for contractor John Dickson in 1862 as regauged to 5ft 3in Waterford & Limerick Railway No. 82 in 1883 see footnote


Hawthorns 0-6-0WT works number 234 as Neath & Brecon Railway Miers See Locomotive Mag., 1940, 46, 64


Hawthorns 2-ft 8-in gauge 0-4-0T Moutaineer supplied to Mitchell & Sons Limeworks Empherston, Midlothian in 1862 10
Hawthorns works number 162 of 1859 3ft 6-in gauge 0-4-2 on plinth at Cape Town station: supplied to E. & J. Pickering, contractors,  as standard gauge 11
Hawthorns works number 386 of 1868 5-ft 6-in gauge inside cylinder 4-4-0 for FC Santiago & Valparaiso in Chile No. 23 Llai Llai 11
Hawthorns 0-6-0 supplied to North British Railway in 1861-2: running number 83 12
Hawthorns 0-4-0ST on East of Fife Railway: delivered as 0-4-0 with tender in 1857: became North British Railway No. 484 12
Hawthorns works number 275 of 1863 originally Inverness & Aberdeen Junction Railway No, 17 Hopeman, Became Highland Railway No. 1A Needlefield   12
Hawthorns 0-4-0WT No. 1 works number 240 of 1861 for Carron Iron Co. Falkirk 13
Hawthorns 0-4-0WT No. 2 works number 247 of 1861 for Carron Iron Co. Falkirk, sold to Walkers of Airdrie in 1936 for breaking up 13
Hawthorns 0-4-0WT Vasco da Gama of Mason & Barry in 1872 at locomoitve depot in Sao Domingos, photographed June 1963 13
Hawthorns 0-4-0WT No. 1 works number 190 of 1858 for Summerlee Ironworks, Coatbridge at Sout h Hook Potteries, Bourtree Hill photographed 27 June 1963 14
Hawthorns 0-4-0WT No. 1 works number 190 of 1858  built uunder Davison's Patent for Summerlee Ironworks, Coatbridge at Sout h Hook Potteries, Dreghorn photographed 1952 15
Hawthorns 0-4-0WT Pelaw works number 220 of 1859 for Birtley Iron Co.: líne drawing 15
Hawthorns 0-4-0WT Ellemere works number 244 of 1861 for Howe Bridge Colliery Co., Lancashire photographed in 1952: now preserved Royal Scottish Museum 15
Hawthorns 0-4-0WT No. 2 Atherton works number 340 of 1867 for Howe Bridge Colliery Co., at NCB Gibfield in April 1952 16
Hawthorns 0-4-0WT works number 362 of 1866 for Huntigdon contractoe at Bryant &  May match factory, Garston, Lancs. in May 1946 16
Hawthorns 0-4-0T No. 1 of 1865 for Young's Paraffin Light & Mineral Co., Addiewell, Westcalder 16
Aranmore Clyde Shipping Co., Glasgow, 1929 17
Ardenza T,C. Steven & Co., Leith, 1920, yard number 180 18
Lormont Moss SS Co. Ltd, Liverpool, 1920, yard number 166 18
Felixstowe, Great Eastern Railway, Harwich, 1918 19
Henry Robb Ltd., Ship Repairers, Leith: advertisement 19
London Dundee, Perth & London Steamship Co., Dundee, 1921, yard number183 20
Leith Engine Works in Mill Lane Leith in May 2017 (then Gladstone's Bar) 20
Modern Apartment blocks alongside Water of Leith where Leith Engine Works used to be in May 2017   20

The Institute. [book reviews]. 21; 33

Vauxhall cars of the 1960s and 1970s. James Taylor. Ramsbury, Marlborough: Crowood Press. 176pp. Reviewed by Malcolm Bobbitt.
"author's painstaking research"; "well illustrated", "but some sorced from internet sources the quality is somrtimes poor", nevertheless "an excellent history"

Allard — the complete story. Alan Allard and Lance Cole. Ramsbury, Marlborough: Crowood Press. 240pp. Reviewed by Malcolm Bobbitt.
"This is a long and involved story and Allard tells it with an obvious  fondness  as he recalls his father's V-8 engined machines which found willing customers"

LB&SCR carriages. Volume 4: Bogie stock, 1906-1924 including Pullmans, 1875-1922. Ian White. Butterley: Historical Model Railway Society. 296pp.
"The book will appeal to model makers (where possible drawings are  presented at 4mm scale), historians and restorers of LB&SCR, SR and other carriages". Includes vehicles sent to the Isle of Wight.

Malcolm Bobbitt. In the showroom... a good idea at the time: the Murad. 22-33
Wadia Halim Murad was a Lebanese engineer who was born in Jamaica on 25 February 1900 who travelled to Manchester in 1921 where he studied engineering and was employed especially in the wireless and electrical industries. In 1936 he moved to Watford where he set up a machine tool business which he moved to Stocklake near Aylesbury in 1946. Capstan lathes of extremely high quality were produced. H e also hoped to become a car manufacturer and produced a prototype but the Second World War and  its economic aftermath hindered progress. Murad died in Aylesbury in 1989.

Prototype  Murad as prepared for auction in 2016 after recovery from a barn 22
Sales brochure prepared in1947 23
Wadia Halim Murad portrait 24
Stocklake factory exterior 25
Stocklake factory interior 26
Chassis as depicted in sales brochure 27
Engine heat exchanger as depicted in sales brochure 28
Independent front wheel suspension & principal details & illustration of Murad 29
Independent front wheel suspension demonstrated with one front wheel on a brick & planks resting on springs 30
Engine heat exchanger & engine 31
Prototype  Murad as photographed on Isle of Sheppey in  early 1950s 33

Dan Quine. The development of Port Penrhyn. Part One: 1760-1879. 34-45.
Quarrying in the Ogwen Valley dates from at least 1570. In the 1750s the Penrhyn Estate was owned by Sir George Young and General Hugh Warburton who allowed small scale digging for slate on their land. Richard Pennant took over the Estate in 1771 and created on large quarry and built a road down from it and improved the port. The  Penrhyn Railroad was constructed by Benjamin Wyatt: work started in October 1800 and the first train ran on 25 June 1801. The Chester & Holyhead Railway arrived  by a branch line into the port in January 1852. In 1868 Charles Spooner proposed replacing the Railroad with a steam railway. The first locoomotives were built by De Winton. Next part see Issue 111 page 52.

Port Penrhyn and its relationship to the city of Bangor in 2013 (aerial view) 34
Abereegin in 1770s on east bank of Afon Cegin (map based on estate map of 1769) 35
Aquatint "View from Bangor":  Aberegin farmhouse next wide estuary of  Afon Cegin 36
Cross-section of Penrhyn Railroad permanenent way from Tredgold 37
West Quay at Penrhyn shoing four layers of construction 37
Port in 1803: plan 38
Advertisement for Humble & Holland sailing ship The Kate 38
Penrhyn seen from south c1810: painting by Moses Griffith 39
Port Penrhyn between 1825 and 1828 39
Port in 1834: plan 40
Port in 1840 seen from Garth Point, Bangor (James Wilson Carmichael) 41
Plan of Chester & Holyhead Railway approach to Port Penrhyn in 1851 42
Bridge arches over Chester & Holyhead Railway, Penrhyn Railroad and Afon Cegin 42
Port in 1873: plan 43

Mike G. Fell. The Harecastle diversion. 46-64.
Co-author with Allan C. Baker of Harecastle's Canal and Railway Tunnels. Further information came to light from Martin S, Welch who was an assistant resident engineer on the project and who gave a Zoom presentation to the North Staffordshire Railway Research Group in October 2020. Constructing an avoiding line to accommodate electrification was one of five options considered which included opning out all of the tunnels, constructing new bores, relining the existing tunnels and reducing the line to single track. The photograph of the works team includes Reg Grimston and Gordon Watson designated as senior engineers and Tom Mills resident engineer.

Stanier class 8F emerges from south end of new tunnel with train of tank wagons fc
Aerial view looking north of permanent way of Harecastle diversion with Chesterton branch former route 46
British Railways engineering team for Harecastle diversion 47
Plan for Harecastle diversion annotated with major engineering features 48
Old main line with diverted Chesterton branch with 3F 0-6-0T and brakevan returning from Parkhouse Colliery 48
Peacock Hay Road being diverted 49
New overbridge for Peacock Hay Road: Goldendale Ironworks visible throgh smoke and steam 49
Ivatt Class 4 2-6-0 No. 43054 on northbound coal train on new diversion crossing its only umderbridge 50
Reinforced concrete footbridge in Bathpool Park 50
Northern concrete footbridge in Bathpool Park 51
Reinforced concrete reservoir which replaced Nelson Pool 51
Nelson reservoir at a more advanced stage 52
5-ft culvert to carry from railway track drainage to Brindley old canal tunnel 52
Extension  to new tunnel to cope with rock slip from hillside 53
View from above south portal of tunnel with completed new Nelson reservoir and dam for Bathpool reservoir 53
Stone face to south portal of tunnel with Crewe District Engineer saloon and class 5 4-6-0 on inspection visit 54
Excavating coal measures in mew tunnel with steel ribs showing distortion 55
Intermediate steel arch ribs inserted to enable excavation to continue 55
Concrete linining in place in new tunnel looking north 56
Northern portal of to be abandoned middle tunnel with Crewe Works staff train about to enter. Boat House Road above and preliminary work for new track bed for diversion 56
View from above northern portal of abandoned middle tunnel showing bridge for Boat House Road above and railway below with tender first class 5 on coal train 57
North end of new tunnel with concrete raft formed from standard inverted tee prestressed  concrete beams with six car dmu passing and Tarmac cranes 57
New railway formation climbing at 1 in 80 towards new tunnel viewed fom northern portal of old Middle Tunnel 58
View in opposite direction to above towards northern portals of old Middle Tunnel and new tunnel 58
Southern portal of former North tunnel with work above to open it out: splitting outer home signal for Crewe and Macclesfield lines. St. Thomas's Church on left 58
Víew towards Kidsgrove Central station from within remains of partially opened out North tunnel with new concrete beams to hold banks in place 59
View looking south towards old  Middle tunnel and new northern portal of new tunnel formed of reinforced concrete beams with monorail to convey concrete 59
Víew towards Kidsgrove Central station from within north portal of mainly opened out North tunnel with new abutment for Avenue road bridge 60
Chatterley Junction with ballast from Caldron Low Quarry being tipped from MERMAID side tipping wagos onto new formation. Goldendale Ironworks in background 61
View from approximately mid-point of diversion looking south. Ballast tamper at work on new Up line. House on left demolished to extend park land, 61
Stanier class  5 No. 45050 on concreting train to form bases for electrification masts 61
The Avenue road bridge with single deck bus crossing, steam hauled freight going north & diesel hauled local passenger going south & much civil engineering work 62
Class 5 No. 45156 Ayrshire Yeomanry and 9F 2-10-0 No. 92078 on return rom Llandudno on new líne with Bathpool reservoir on left  on 2 July 1966 63
Sulzer Class 24 about to enter new tunnel en route to Crewe 63
Virgin Pendolino heading south past Bathpool on 8 August 2008 with a Manchester to Euston express 64
Colas Rail Freight Class 56 No. 56 078 with train of spent ballast going towards Stoke and walkers in rain above Bathpool on 10 December 2020 64

Issue 111 (September 2021)

Cheltenham Coach Station with
Royal Blue bus for Bournemouth

Tony Neuls. Cheltenham Coach Station— 1975. 2-16.
Author had/has a PSV license and a life-long interest in all forms of transport and as a coach driver he captured many colour images of the very similar vehicles at work through Cheltenham in 1975. Many of the vehicles were branded "NATIONAL" as this was the period of the National Bus Company with its national coach network yet before National Express came into being.

Skimpings. Clark & Butcher's Mill, Soham. Cambridgeshire. 17.
Photograph shows horse hauling wagons on a narrow gauge tramway alongside a creek. Ordnance Survey 1:25000 Map shows that tramway and the standard gauge Soham station. The mill produced flour for the biscuit industry. Soham station is about to be reopened. Alfred Clark was born in Hitchin in 1837 and died in 1905. Butcher was born in 1844.

Mike Tedstone. Bristol to Ilfracombe — by sea or overland? 18-33.

Skimpings. Crossley 0-4-0 narrow gauge internal combustion locomotive with tipping wagons. 34

Skimpings. Temporary bridge across Esk whilst new swing bridge under construction. 35

Malcolm Bobbitt. In the showroom. Early electric vehicles.. 36-51.

Magnus Volk dog cart with electric motor which caught attention of Sultan of Turkey  36
Bersey taxicab (taxi) known as Hummimgbirds 37
Kriéger taxicab produced by Sté Voitures Électriques of Courbevoie near Paris with Offord bodywork 38
Headland Patent Electric Storage Battery electric dog cart in 1897 39
Automobile Club of Great Britain London headquarters on 8 April 1898: start of Tour to Brighton 40
Carl Opperman electric dog cart of 1900 with Mulliner of Northampton coachwork 41
Stanhope phaeton Columbia build 42
delivery van 42
Hart's four-seater Tonneau 42
Victor voiturette 42
Kriéger two-seater car Powerful 42
E.W. Hart's private car built to his own design: all on this page from B, and E.V. advert in The Autocar 42
Automobile Club Trials stop at Bull Hotel, Chislehurst for adjacent Chislehurst Electric Light Station to recharge batteries 43
Cars Nos. 10 and 11: both products of Electric Power Co. : No. 10 driven by Northey with Prof. Carus-Wilson as observer 43
Car No. 8 Joel built National Motor Carriage Syndicate and driven by Joel: car completed run to Brighton on a single charge 45
Kriéger  with pneumatic tyres 46
Electromobile taxicab with chassis supplied by Greenwood & Batley of Leeds 47
Electromobile chassis diagram (elevation & plan) 47
Line of cabs: leading vehicle  is a Landaulette with pneumatic tyres 48
Three photographs of Gloucester Railway Carriage & Wagon Co.'s bodied taxicabs on Greenwood & Batley chasses 49
Orwell electric lorries manufactured by Ransomes, Sims & Jeffries of Ipswich 50
four lorries for Great Eastern Railway 50
two lorry chasses for Great Western Railway 50
parcels van for London & North Western Railway 50
parcels van for Midland Railway 50
Orwell electric tipping body 51
Gloucester Railway Carriage & Wagon Co. tower wagon for Gloucester Corporation Light Railways 52
Gloucester Railway Carriage & Wagon Co. bodywork for electric delivery vehicles (2 views) 53

Dan Quine. The development of Port Penrhyn. Part One: 1879-1963.. 52-64
Previous part see Issue 110 page 34. The Penrhyn Quarry Railway (PQR) ran a test train on 3 October 1873 and regular slate trains ran from 13 October.1873. In 1875 Edward Gordon Douglas Pennant gave his son George Sholto Pennant absolute control over ruunning the quarry and he broke the agreement reached with the quarrymen after the 1874 strike. Furthur Arthur Wyatt, who had been Penrhyn agent and quarry manager resigned in January 1886 and was replaced by Emelius Andrew Young. On 5 May 1896 a large number of quarrymen attended the Labour Day celebrations organized by the North Wales Quarrymen's Union at Blaenau Ffestiniog. in September 1896 the men went on strike and this was followed by a lock out by the owner which was not resolved for over a year and marked the beginning of the decline of the industry. There are 43 references to source documents including Charles E. Lee's The Penrhyn Railway. Welsh Highland Railway (1964) Ltd., 1975; James Boyd. Narrow gauge railways in North Caernarvonshire. Volume 2. The Penrhyn Quarry railways Dan Quine. Blue slate and green trees: the story of the Hendre Ddu Tramway. Lightmoor Press, 2021.

Port Penrhyn in c1890 with two Port Class Hunslet locomotives; nearest Lillian


Plan of Port in 1887 after arrival of PQR (colour)


Locomotive arriving Port under two arch road bridge in late 1880s


View from upper storey of Port House taken between 1888 and 1892: Lillian with train of slate wagons; LNWR standard gauge exchange siding


Plan of PQR & LNWR lines in port based on LNWR plans & Ordnance Survey in 1891 (colour)


View of Dixon's Eureka Slate Works with LNWR train headed by  rebuilt Ramsbottom DX class 0-6-0


Plan of Port Penrhyn in 1914 showing LNWR siding to Dixon & Co. slate works (colour)


Letterhead engraving of Dixon's Eureka Slate Works 


Fullersite produced at Port Penrhyn from slate powder used as filler for asphalt, bitumen, tar macadam or grouting (advertisement in The Surveyor)


Plan of 1924 bitumen processing plant with de Winton stationary engine & side elevation (colour)


Plan of 1924 port dominated by Fullersite production and traffic and slate stockyard (colour)


Middle quay at Port in mid-1960s: PQR locomtive at coaling stage; class 2 2-6-0 and Ruston diesel, quarryman's platform


PQR locomotive shed & carriage shed on 26 September 1960


Gantry crane installed in 1900 for transfer of heavy machinery between narrow and standard gauges & swtch for crossing of narrow over standard gauge


Blanche waiting departure with empty waons for quarry


Plan oof Port in 1950s with simplified standard and narrow gauge tracks (colour)


Port House in 1963: dismantled narrow & standard gauge tracks liifted


Archive 112

Allan C. Baker and Mike G. Fell. Meaford A & B Power Stations and their locomotives. Part 1: Electricity supply in North Staffordshire.
Coal was delivered by train, but provision was made for emergency supply by road. The boiler house contained six Babcock & Wilcox high-head water tube boilers. The combustion chambers were of Bailey wall construction. The turbine house was 367 feet long, 82 feet wide and 70 feet 6 inches high. Locomotives supplied by W.G. Bagnall of Stafford and named Anne and Muriel in 1945 and 1946.

Stafford Corporation Electricity Generating Station with John Somerville Highfield (1871-1045) Resident Engineer Meaford A turbine engine house on 18 May 1976
Aerial view of Stoke-on-Trent electricity power station with wooden cooling towers taken in 1933 Charles Henry Yeaman (1869-1940) City Electrical Engineer Hanley Generating Station viewed from Caldron Canal North Staffordshire Railway battery electric locomotive Stoking Lancashire boilers by hand at Stafford Corporation Electricity Generating Station Potteries Electric Traction trams at top of Ironmarket Newcastle-under-Lyme on 17 March 1900 Bellis & Morcom six-cylinder four-stroke diesel engine installed in Newcastle-under-Lyme Generating Station in November 1928 Alfred John Castriot De Renzi, Borough Electrical Engineer, Newcastle-under-Lyme Last annual staff outing in 1947 of Newcastle-under-Lyme Electricity Department Frederick Favell (1894-1978) Engineer and Manager of the North West Midlands Joint Electricity Authority Art Deco logo on gates to sub-station at Victoria Road, Fenton installed 1837 Railway sidings at north end of Meaford A Power Station on 24 September 1945 Work on south chimney and precipitator columns at Meaford A Power Station on 19 December 1945 Construction site looking north west on 29 January 1946 Tippler gear and coal conveyor under construction on 21 June 1947 No. 1 Tippler conveyors and junction tower under construction on 6 February 1948 No. 2 Tippler on 9 April 1948 (one of Bagnall locomotives just visible on left Meaford A operational with two cooling towers & two chimneys & two Bagnall locomotives Taylor Tunicliff & Co. Ltd. of Stone advertisement showing heavy duty post insulators Central Electricity Authority 20 ton wagon on Meaford A tippler Barlaston Power Sidings signal box and Meaford A Power Station

Euan Corrie. Scottish bypasses: 2. The Caledonian Canal. 20-33

Map: Caledonian Railway Highland lines Entrance to Caledonian Canal from Loch Linnhe at Corpach Ordnance Survey 1873 Corpach basin SS Gondolier at Banavie Pier with Holmes 4-4-0 No. 344 with van conveying luggage Banavie Pier Station: 1900 Ordnance Survey map SS Gondolier leaving Banavie Pier SS Gondolier leaving Gairlochy Top Lock Entrance to Loch Lochy at Gairlochy Ordnance Surrvey 6-inch map 1903 View from tower of St. Benedict's Abbey with SS Gondolier approaching top of staircase at Fort Augustus Ordnance Survey map 1900 map of above View from tower of St. Benedict's Abbey showing Fort Augustus staircase Railway viaduct at Fort Augustus SS Gondolier descending Fort Augustus staircase with St. Benedict's Abbey in background Fishing boat descending Fort Augustus staircase between second and third chambers Four sailing fishing boats passing Tomnahurich swing bridge when manually operated Ordnance Survey map 1904 map of above Muirtown Top Lock with schooner Margaret Reid about to pass into third lock Ordnance Survey map 1904 map of above

Tony Neuls. Cheltenham Coach Station — 1975. 34-47
Part 1 see Issue 111 page XX

Malcolm Bobbitt. In the showroom... Austin's 3 litre white elephant. 48-57

NOB 567F publicity photograph ADO61 with Hydrolastic suspension snd self-levelling at rear A125 Sheerline of 1947 Austin A135 Princess IV with Vanden Plas body Sergio Pininfarina styled A99 Westminster with two femsle models, one in parschute sty'e dress Sergio Pininfarina styled A110 Westminster photographed in 2018 Vanden Plas 4 litre Princess R with Rolls Royce engine criticised for poor handling and performance Alec Issigonis XC 9000 of 1956 Alec Issigonis XC 9005 of 1961 Austin 1800 on MIRA test track JOK 620F being tested in France ADO61 OOH559G

Mike G. Fell. Hull's King George Doc. Skimpings. 58-9

Aerial photograph looking east in 1926. The Tekoa built by Earle's Shipbuilding of Hull for New Zealand Shipping Co. View towards grain silo but much busier
The Institute. 60
Chris Sambrook. . Ludovic Berry — @He hath done all things well'. 61-4
Compliment slip Wigan Coal & Iron Co. Ludovic Berry on footplate of Peckett X2 class 0-6-0ST Dorothy Collapsed No.7 shaft at Brookside Colliery, Wigan