Archive Issues 1 to 9 & key to later Issues

Individual Issues (there is a lack of "Volumes" and each Issue is paginated separately): bold numbers in table represent a new "Volume" (that is web-page). Note to librarians & binderies: there is frequently key information on the insides of the covers

Issue 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29
30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58
59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87
88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102


104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115

Railway Archive:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

Back issues (where available):    SteamIndex homepage

Reviews of Archive

First four Issues reviewed in North British Railway Study Group Journal, 1995 (58), 23; 24
found to be "a high class journal which cotains a wealth of knowledge and information" and is "very well planned and thought-out".

Archive Issue 1 (March 1994)

East Greenwich Gasworks. 2-10.

Clock tower and company offices 2
Gas holders in Tunnel Avenue 3
Company seal, South Metropolitan Gas Co. 3
Jetty with hydraulic cranes for receiving coal delivered by collier 4
Greenwich Peninsular with Tunnel Avenue and gas works: Ordnance Survey 25 inch scale reduced 5
Retort houses exterior, elevated railway and workshops. 6u
Interior retort houses 6l
Scrubbers 7u
Pump housel 7l
Purifiers 8u
Hawthorn Lerslie 0-4-0ST No. 6 (WN 2335/1895) 9u
Hawthorn Lerslie 0-4-0ST No. 7 (WN 2401/1898) 9l
Locomotive at coaling stage 10u
No. 13 Bagnall WN 1653/1901 with train of side tipping wagosn, Thames sailing barge behind 10l

Includes notes on extensive railway system: locomotives For "aerial view" of area see Issue 39 page 40.

Wheal Friendship, Mary Tavy, Dartmoor. 11-15.
Copper mine: includes notes on tramway.

Inclined plane from Saturday Magazine June 1835 11
1912 workings of Wheal Jewell and Marytavy mines; tramway in foreground 12-13
Refining and condensing chambers 14
Sketch map showing tramway and arsenic flue to Brenton's stack 15u
Wheal Jewell and Marytavy Mines Ltd share certificate

Further illustration and notes on stack; Issue 3 page 34.

Building the Jarrow Tramway. 16-22.
Photographs of street tramway under construction. Rail supplied by Phoenix Ruhrrort- Electrical equipment including tramcars supplied by Brush Electrical Engineering Co.

Western terminus at end of Western Road just short of railway level crossing 16
Ormonde Street with work on track, but overhead wiring complete 17
Fixing setts between tramlines: one workman holding tamper 18u
Newly laid track in Staple Road/Commercial Rord 18l
High Street/Short Row: preparing to lay cement 19u
Short Row passing loop: light nature of track 19m
Short Row passing loop: (miners accommodation) 19l
Thermit welding preparation 20u
Thermit welding: molten metal stage 20l
new bridge required to cross River Don under construction 21u
Sketch map 21m
completed bridge across River Don: historic St Paul's Church in background, the place where the Venerable Bede worshipped 21l
Tramcar No. 3 on trial run 22

. Two shots show , one of which has . See additional material in Issue 2 page 55 and letter on page 57.

South Devon Railway locomotives. 23-6.
All 4-4-0ST

Aurora posssibly at Newton: Gooch Corsair design built by Longridge & Co. in 1851 23
Hawk possibly at Truro: Slaughter, Gruning & Co. WN 591/1859 (allocated to Cornwall Ry.) 24
Zebra: Avonside Engine Co. WN 667/1866 25
Stag: Avonside Engine Co. 1872: designed as convertible 26

A Lancashire Clayworks: the Starring Stoneware Works, Littleborough, near Rochdale. 27-36.
Photographs taken in 1909. Includes large scale map of site. Additional information on filter bed tiles and methods of working in Issue 3 page 34.

Change on the Great Northern. 37-42.
Photographs taken by Rev. Thomas Bernard Parley (brief biography by Rev. Alan Cliff on page 41); notes by John Tatchell (owner of collection) and Richard Tarpey.

Stirling 2-2-2 No. 877 on Muskham Troughs in 1902 (train composed of 12-wheel stock) 37
4-2-2 No. 85 passing Trent Lane West Junction, Nottingham, on Sheffield to King's Cross express on 21 May 1902 38u
4-2-2 No. 1007 on up Scotsman at Grantham in mid-1902 [picture includes a tranship brake van at rear of adjacent freight train] 38l
4-2-2 No. 664 at Barnby Crossing in 1902 39u
Ivatt V2 4-4-0 No. 1331 at Barnby Crossing in 1902 (locomotive probably fitted with Marshall valve gear at time; certainly fitted with shelter) 39l
two V2 class 4-4-0s (leading one 1338) pass Newark South Box on northbound express on 17 June 1902 40u
V2 1376 coupling onto down express at Grantham on 17 June 1902  40l
Ivatt A5 4-2-2 No. 264 just north of flat crossing in Newark in 1902 41
small Atlantic No. 983 approaching Grantham on down express on 17 June 1902 42u
large Atlantic No. 301 on down express near Tuxford, c1905/6. 42l

Several of these photographs were also reproduced in Bedside Backtrack.

Puzzle Page. 43.
Mill with bell tents

GWR steam railmotor
at Uxbridge High Street [see Issue 2 page 32] and Issue 3 page 33
Canal barge loaded with people

Cheltenham High Street Halt. 44
With steam railmotor approaching from Gloucester direction: see letter from Peter Witts (Issue 5 page 41) who states from Honeybourne direction and refers to MR High Street station.

The Glamorganshire Canal at the Turn of the Century. Stephen Rowson. 45-54.
The Glamorgan Canal Bill received the Royal Asent in 1790 and opened between Merthyr Tydfill and Cardiff on 10 February 1794. Its traffic was taken by the railways, notably the TVR and by 1900 only short lengths remained. Most of the illustrations are glimpses of bits of the canal, but these sometimes contain items of railway interest

Vale of Neath Railway crossing canal by Brunel designed bridge at Merthyr 45
Albion Colliery: glimpse of canal 47
Treforest: canal and ADR at Glyntaff Halt with Barnham & Bailey coaches (constructed for circus) 48
Tongwynlass lock 49
Melingriffith Tin Works, Whitchurch with tank wagon & open wagon: siding connected to TVR 50
Canal lock and public house: Cow & Snuffers: see letter by Ken Sheale (Issue 2 page 57) and further detail in letter from Stephen Rowson in Issue 4 page 51. 51
Idyllic scene near Cardiff Castle with horse-drawn canal boat 52/3
Bute West Dock 54

Coals to Portreath. Clive Carter. 55-64.
Includes photographs of incline, with Frederick Wise Bain posed at foot, and harbour, and its shipping, in calm and stormy conditions. See letter by M.F. Keef (4-51) recording visit made to harbour in 1922 and asking how wagons were worked in harbour. See Follow Up (4-52) for magnificent view of harbour with three ships within it and baulks in place and wagon on incline. See congratulatory letter by Roy Fenton and his contribution to the bibliography on coastal shipping (Issue 5 page 40). See also Railway Archive 2006 (13) 87 upper

Harbour entrance under storm conditions 55
Ordnance Survey map 1908 56
Plover in inner basin 57
Holme Wood (2 views) 58
Olivia in 1898 59
Steam crane unloading Guardian 60u
Guardian birthed: David Bain was Guardian of Barncoose Workhouse in Redruth Board 60l
Feadon at birth, 1895 61
Feadon leaving in heavy seas, c1900 62u
Treleigh steams past Horse Rock 62l
Treleigh in inner harbour, c1900 63
Frederick Wise Bain at foot of incline with wagons ascending & descending 64

Issue 2 (June 1994)

Mostyn Ironworks 1800 - 1964.  Mostyn History Preservation Society. 2-14.
The ironworks railway: locomotives illustrated Hudswell Clarke 0-4-0ST (1946 date) Winston Churchill, 0-6-0ST Number 2 (1888), Number 5 (1917) and Hunslet 0-4-0ST Diamond (1903): works numbers not cited. Notes on harbour at Mostyn Quay. Letters in Issue 3 page 38 refer to British (Welsh) supplies of manganese ore.

The Grand Surrey Canal. 15-26.
Act obtained in 1801: never extended beyond Camberwell.

Schmatic route diagram 15
Three dimensional map from Timber News & Sawmill Engineer July 1906 16-17
Curve in canal at Blackhorse Road/Bridge gas holder 18
hatch or toll house adjacent LBSCR mainline 1920s 19u
lifting bridge for Deptford Wharf branch of London & Croydon Railway (LBSCR), c1905 19l
sailing barges alongside Holman's yatd (A. & W. Holman) with SECR main line bridge 20
South Metropolitan Gas Company crane unloading coal from barges 21
Entrance off Old Kent Road to South Metropolitan Gas Company, 1910: birthplace of Sir George Livesey 22u
view from Old Kent Road of Canal c1916 22l
Glengall Wharf, c1928/9 with sailing barge Leslie of Rochester 23u
Peckham branch terminus late 1920s: Alexander Jacob & Co.: rag & waste paper merchant 23l
lookin East from Wells Road brifge 1909 24
Baltic Wharf 25
Camberwell basin 26

See also Follow up in Issue 67 page 24 et seq which features three aerial photographs taken of this area pre-WW2..

Presteigne Coal Trials. David Bick. 27-31.
Aaron Griffiths of Willey Lodge acquired Folly Farm in 1911: photographs of subsequent boring and drift mining (but there was no coal)

Puzzle Page. 32
Issue 1: (page 43):  GWR railmotor at Uxbridge High Street. See Great Western Railway Journal No.1
New problems:
Gas works. top
Reading according to John Horne (Issue 5 page 39)
Jetty. centre
Probably Alderney (Issue 3 page 38); and information from Geoff Smith-Grogan (Issue 4 page 50)
GNR signal box.
At Chaul End on Luton to Dunstable line (see Mike Christensen (Issue 4 page 50) or at Holme Fen on Ramsay branch according to M.F. Keef (4-51)

Building Calstock Viaduct. Neil Parkhouse.33-54.
Constructed from concrete blocks cast on site. Further information about contractors Issue 3 page 34. Letter writers (Isuue 3 page 38) concerned about crane shown on page 47. Letter by Geoff Smith-Grogan (4-51) cites article in Concrete.  Further illustrations in Isssue 13 page 43.and Issue 17 page 50. and in Rly Archive, 2006 (13) 95 lower.

Jarrow Tram Scenes 55
Trial running in 1906, trams in service, tram with maximum traction bogies, Bell Punch ticket. Original Issue 1 page 16

Inbye: Archive's Letters Page 57.
Thermit welding. Chris Coombes.
Feature Issue 1 begins page 16 (see page 20). (Jarrow trams)
The Cow and Snuffers. Ken Sheale.
See Issue 1 page 51

Book Review. 58
The Campbeltown & Machryhanish Light Railway. Nigel S.C. Macmillan. Plateway.
Recommended to all interested in narrow gauge railways. Two illustrations taken from: Andrew Barclay 0-6-2T (1098) at Campbeltown on 14 September 1929, and double-headed Steamer Express leaving Campbeltown.

Cley-next-the-Sea. 59-64.
Windmill dominates landscape, but St Margaret's Church now appears to be in eccentric position (personal experience, especially after darkness had fallen) and reflects former position of harbour when River Glaven was tidal to Glandford. Fire in seventeenth century caused village (and its car park) to move northwards and road of 1824 ended any hope of maritime activity beyond it.

Shooting party in boat alongside windmill 1880s 59
Map 2nd edition Ordnance Survey 1907 60
Windmill in 1880s (last miller was Burroughes - also at Holt), 1880s 61
Granary warehouses c1900: see letter by M.F. Keef (4-51) noting that waggon was for haulage by steam traction engine not by horse 62
Windmill with lighter at quay 63 u
Angerona (Billy Boy) at quay: see letter by Richard Kelham (Issue 4 page 51): see Issue 9 page 38 for information about craft. l
windmill c1908 (post-card) 64 u
River Glavern & George public house l

Archive Issue 3 (September 1994 not stated on copy)

Editorial. Neil Parkhouse and Ian Pope. 1.
Comment on publishing books on railways and canals and intension of Lighmoor Press to set new standrads for publishing books on mining, industrail archaeology, etc.

Brodsworth Colliery and Model Village. Neil Parkhouse. 2-24.
The Doncaster coalfield was developed relatively late (that is in the late 1890s, or subsequently. It involved the easternand deeper extension of the rich Barnsley seam.  The Hickleton Main Colliery Company was working Hickleton Colliery sunk in 1892-4 just west of Brodsworth. The Brodsworth development was just north of Doncaster and the land was owned by the Thellusson family who inspite of their substantial landholdings were experiencing health problems and were eager to develop their coal.

Cutting of the first sod, by Charles Thellusson on 23 October 1905


Massive No. 1 headgear being constructed in early 1906


No. 1 and No. 2 headgear to  enable sinking of shafts; also offices


No. 1 and No. 2 headgear with engine houses under construction and short cast iron chimney. Hull & Barnsley mineral wagons visible


No. 1 and No. 2 headgear with engine houses under construction: Lancashire boiler visible; horse & cart delivering materials


First pulley wheel being fitted to No. 2 headgear with single beam acting as derrick


Tall chimney for colliery brickworks; completed pulley wheel fitted to No. 2 headgear; rail mounted steam crane; electric lamp post


Engine house complete, loading screens, 200-ft brickworks chimney, Hull & Barnsley mineral wagons


Brickworks with colliery behind


Coal being unloaded at brick kilns: caption notes land lease for clay extraction & conversion to ponds


Tub roads viewed from under No. 2 headgear: caption notes life & limitations of timber headgear 


Brodsworth Colliery c1914 looking north; timber cooling tower; brick chimneys; headgears; own wagons


Management & offficials in 1921: J.T. Greensmith (Agent); S. Bunting (Manager); J. Gawthorpe (Under-Manager); E,P. Shore (Engineer)


Late 1920s view with second cooling tower & 2-ft gauge railway


Brodsworth Colliery 1946 plan 14/15
Brodsworth Colliery early 1930s aerial photograph 16/17
Peckett outside-cylinder 0-6-0ST WN 117/1907 Peckett (John Fletcher Issue 5 page 40 corrected Works Number)


Brass tokens from NCB period


Avonside outside-cylinder 0-6-0ST WN 1949/1924 John (according to Jim Peden Issue 5 page 41 was a Yorkshire Engine Company product)


Brodsworth Colliery iin 1955: two further cooling towers; further chimney; standard 16-ton steel mineral wagons


Koepe headgear nearing completion in 1961


Woodlands model village under construction in 1907 (known as The Park at that time)


The Crescent, Woodlands


Ardwick Le Street, Woodlands, Great North Road  & part Brodsworth Colliery Ordnance Survey 6-inch map, 1932


All Saints Church, Woodlands: architect C. Hodgson Fowler


Entrance to Woodlands c1920s


There are notes on working at Brodsworth Main Colliery by Bill Marriott (page 19)
See Follow up (Life in Woodlands Model Village) by Arthur Morrell (Issue 8 page 44). See letter from Ken Foster in Issue 29 page 47 on skips, winding engines and cages.

Alan J. Findlow and Don Baines. The Peak Forest Tramway: 1796-c1927. 25-32.
In 1968 the Inland Waterways Protection Society began the restoration of the Bugsworth canal terminal and what remains of the Peak Forest Tramway.

Peak Forest Tramway map


Points used for switching track & method of fixing track to stone blocks


Train ["gang"] of tramway waggons loaded with limestone


Bottom of inclined plane at Chapel-en-le-Frith with loaded train in siding


Upper Basin Bugsworth c1890: canal; transhipment shed (tramway to boat0; railway wagons; tramwway waggons


Ordnance Survey 25-inch map: Bugswoth Basin 1880: canal,. tramway and quarries


Wagon 174 for carrying limestone to kilns 30 inset
Aerial ooblique photograph with New Road  lime kilns in operation c1880


Puzzle Page. 33
Further information (from Chris Turner) concerning Uxbridge High Street (Issue 1 page 43).

Steam crane in vicinity of Grays. top.
Note in Issue 5 page 39 (S.D. Robertson) that same crane was used on Morden extension of Northern Line

Station with train arriving at crowded platform in 1900s. middle.
According to letter in 29 page 46 from David Flather view depicted is school special at arriving at Oundle; earlier responses in Issue 4  page 50 from Murray Percival and Mike Christensen.

Canal wharf with factory. bottom.
Blisworth on Grand Union Canal: see Murray Percival  Issue 4 page 50: also Tony Conder (4-51)

Follow ups. 34-5.
More on Starring
See Issue 1 page 27: filter bed tiles and notes on strata and clay extraction
Calstock Viaduct
See Issue 2 page 33: Notes on contractors, and why those for PD&SWJR were not involved directly on this contract.
Friendship Mines: Mary Tavy.
See Issue 1 page 11: extra illustration of stack under repair

Book Reviews. 36-7.
Gower Coast shipwrecks. Carl Smith. Sou'Wester.
Private owner wagons of the North East. Volume 1. The chaldrons. John A. Elliott. Chilton Iron Works.
"We like this book": primary audience modelmakers.
The collieries of Northumberland. Vol. 1. James T. Tuck. Mining Memories.
Includes illustrations reproduced from

Inbye: Archives Letters Page. 38.
The Starring Works. David T. Pollitt.
See Issue 1 page 27: method used for extracting clay
George Livesey. Mary Mills.
See Issue 1 page 2: biographical details. (East Greenwich gas works)
Calstock Viaduct. E.C. Step; Chris Coombes and Kenneth Brown (separate letters).
All relate to photograph of crane on page 47 and use of stone-filled wagons as counter-balances: see Issue 2 page 33.
Manganese mines. Douglas Robinson and Geoff Kent (separate letters)
See Issue 2 page 2. Both letters state that manganese was mined in Britain, including in Llyn Peninsula from 1840s until end of WW2. Original article (Issue 2 page 2) implied reliance upon imports.
Alderney - the answer? Graham Thorne.
See Puzzle page (Issue 2 page 32): jetty is probably at La Cachalière

The Rise and Fall of the Steam Rail Motor. 39-46.

LSWR/LBSCR Joint No.1 39
GWR No. 5 at Stroud; 40
GS&WR No. 1 at Limerick Junction: Clements et al state initially worked Goold's Cross to Cashel branch 41
GNR Number 2 at Edgware 41
GCR Number 1 at Barton on Humber 1905? 42
L&YR No. 4 at Halifax on service to Stainland in 1907 42
Furness Railway No. 1 with trailer at Coniston 43
LBSCR Number 2 at St Leonards in 1906 43
SECR Number 2 on Strood to Chatham Central service in 1908 44
Port Talbot Railway & Docks Co. car at Tonygroes Junction in April 1910 44
Nidd Valley Light Railway second-hand car at Lofthouse-in-Niddersdale 45
LSWR Number 10 at Bodmin in 1916 45
GWR car Number 95 at Himley on Kingswinford branch 46

Tower Bridge. 47-8.
In part feature noted demaphore signals used to control traffic on Thames. Semaphore signals used to control road traffic: see 34 page 52.

United Baltic Company Baltraffic towed stern-first with anchor touching bottom under Tower Bridge by single tug of Sun Tugs fleet in 1948 47
Coaster Leeuwarden owned Generral Steam Navigation passing through Tower Bridge just priior WW1 48

Clive Carter. 'If it's metal take it to Holman's': one hundred and sixty years of Cornish engineering; 1834-1994. 49-64.
Illustrations taken from Holman's archives: page 53 St Just foundry opened 1834 see letter from John Fletcher Issue 5 page 40 who corrects name of one of initial contracts namely Portsmouth & Farlington not Farrington

Nicholas Holman portrait 49
N. Holman & Sons, Foundry House, St. Just, c1910 50
Small portable waterwheel 50
Cornish Cooking Range (advertisement) 51
Agricultural roller with horse (publicity photograph) 52
Holman Windmill Pump (diagram: publicity material) 52
Cast iron direction posts (diagram: publicity material) 52
View of St. Just Foundry from above, church in bckground, overhead electric power line & transformer 53
Foundry interior during clearance: tools in fitting shop 54
Foundry interior during clearance 55
Foundry interior during clearance: names on beams 55
Dry dock in Penzance: advertisement for auction on 25 August 1904 56
Great Western Railway Milnes-Daimler bus at Penzance station on service to St. Just with Holman's advertisement 57
Holman's bicycle & motorcycle shop in Market Jew Street, Penzance 58
Collier Vril in dry dock at Penzance 59
Bain Fleet Olivia hsving propellor shaft tunnel bored with aid of steam reamer powered by portable steam engine


Scilly packet steamer Lyonesse in Penzance dry dock having hit pier in August 1905 60
Steam trawler Hayle in dry dock having new funnel fitted in May 1910 60
Penzance harbour in late 1920s 61
RMS Scillonian I enters dry dock c1932 61
Landing craft TGL 770 lying in dry dock 62
Landing craft TGL 770 lying in dry dock 62
Landing craft TGL 770 lying in dry dock as converted to King Harry Ferry with Sisson steam engine 62
King Harry Ferry on rocks at Black Head in January 1951 62
Metcalfe Shipping Co. tanker Peter M about to be drydocked in June 1957 63
Jersey coaster Commodore Trader drydocked in 1970s 63
Barrow schooner William Ashburner on keel blocks in dry dock in 1934 64

Archive Issue 4 (December 1994)

Woolmer Instructional Military Railway. Mike Christensen. 2-20.
See also Follow up in Issue 6 page 41. The site at Longmoor on Crown Land in Woolmer Forest was originally developed for hutted camps for troops returning from the Boar War. It was found that the Longmoor site was damp and the 53rd Railway Operating Company, Royal Engineers, was given the task of moving the huts to Borden using two parallel 18 inch railways with material borrowed from Woolwich. In 1901 the War Department had been negotiating with the LSWR to open a branch line to Bordon from Bentley and this opened on 11 December 1905 and in 1905 the War Department decided to build a railway from Bordon to Longmoor. The existing 18 inch railways were used to assist with constructing the standard gauge railway using material rerturned from the Sudan Campaign of 1884-5. There was protracted disagreement with the local authorities over level crossings, especially that at Whitehill. The title Woolmer Instructional Railway was adopted in 1908. Considerable development took place in the 1920s and 30s, including the extension to Liss. Illus.: panorama of Longmoor Camp taken in 1909 or 1910; officers' special consisting of LSWR coach hauled by 0-6-0ST Bordon; constructing cutting near Whitehill using steam navvy (associated train has ex-MR brake van and open wagons); 0-6-0ST (Avonside 1572/1910) Woolmer; 0-6-0ST Hampshire (Avonside 1520/1906); page 9 top: ex-GWR 0-4-2T (running number 34) as modified as 0-4-4T and named Longmoor in 1910: letter from R.W. Kidner (5 page 40) notes that coach just visible behind locomotive originated on Metropolitan Railway; page 9 lower ex-LSWR 4-4-2T 424 following overhaul at Swindon in 1920, possibly at Catterick Camp lettered "MCR" see letter from John Fletcher (Issue 5 page 40); Hawthorne Leslie 0-6-2T (3088/1914) with outside Walschaerts valve gear Sir John French; previous locomotive being re-railed; at work on 11 September 1934 with train including bogie RECTANKS; training fitters; rifle ranges; gear for loading timber; girder bridge re-erection for Liss extension; ex-LNWR 2-4-2T 3165 of 1891 as Earl Roberts (with electric headlamp) at Liss Forest Road on 27 September 1934; two views of Earl Roberts with coach No. 111 (ex-K&ESR); ex-LMS (NSR No. 158 of 1909) 0-6-2T Marlborough crossing the Hopkins bridge on approach to Longmoor; former LNWR 2-4-2T at Bordon on 17 May 1934; Longmoor yard in 1930s and c1933 with former GWR ambulance vehicles; page 19 top mounted infantry on potato peeling fatigue in 1912 (showing huts) see letter from Ross Cunningham in Issue 5 page 41 on lanyard position; Royal Engineer officers in group photograph; Woolmer in Longmoor yard on 18 September 1954.

Dry docking the Berengaria. 21-7.
Illustrative material on the floating dock, the liner (including its luxurious interiors and the two together. The floating dry dock was built by Armstrong Whitworth in Newcastle and was towed round to Sothampton to be opened by the Prince of Wales on 27 June 1924. It had a short life as it was replaced by a huge graving dock in 1933 see Issue 12 page 33. The liner Berengaria had originated as the Imperator for the Hamburg America Company but was seized as reparation for the Cunard Lusitania. Illus page 23 top: two tugs one of which was William Jolliffe: see letter by Roger Christian in Issue 5 page 41.

Llanberis Copper Mine. 28-9.
double page panorama c1875

Hartley Main Collieries . James T. Tuck. 30-48.
Illus.: Dudley Colliery in 1933; map: railways between Newcastle-upon-Tyne and Blyth; Carmlington Ann Colliery; East Cramlington Colliery; bridge: Wrightson branch over road to Cramlington Colliery; Shankhouse Colliery in 1910 showing Amelia shaft; Dudley Colliery in 1900 with chaldron wagons; Wrightson Colliery 0-6-0 owned Backworth Colliery Co; map of railway systems of Cramlington Coal Co and Seaton Delaval Collieries; page 41 top: 2-6-0 No. 15 originally Beyer Peacock 3679/1895 for MSWJR (No. 14) - see letter Issue 5 page 41 by Mike Barnsley; outside-cylinder 0-6-0T No. 3 Hawthorn Leslie (3466/1921); onsetter pushes tubs into cage at Seaton Delaval Colliery; New Delaval Colliery; New Hartley Colliery 1890; Seaton Delaval No. 3 0-6-0 R.W. Hawthorn 1270/1864; Seaton Delaval Colliery No. 7 0-6-2T Robert Stephenson 2211/1873; No. 9 Robert Stephenson 0-6-0 2378/1880; No. 2 E.B. Wilson 0-6-0  495/1855.  Part 2 Issue 5 page 23

London & North Western Railway No. 565. John Tatchell. 49.
2-2-2 of the Problem (7ft 6 in single) class: Crewe official photograph, May 1861.

Puzzle Page. 50
Identity of Alderney (Issue 2 page 32 centre) confirmed by Geoff Smith-Grogan; identity of Oundle station (Issue 3 page 33 middle) provided by Murray Percival and by Mike Christensen: . Former also identified Blisworth on Grand Union Canal (3-33 bottom). Christensen identified level crossing at Chaul End between Luton and Dunstable. Three new puzzles:
Bryant's maggotorium. top
See Follow up in Issue 5 page 42
GWR 0-6-0ST with snow-plough. centre
Location was Trawsfynydd (see Harry Leadbetter Issue 5 page 41): heavy snowfalls were experienced at Cwm Prysor (1200 ft above sea level)
Owen Tudur at Yarmouth Quay. bottom
See Follow up by Roy Fenton in Issue 5 page 43

Inbye: Archive's Letters Page 51
The Cow and Snuffers. Stephen Rowson.
See original feature by writer (Issue 1 page 51): citation to public house and possible Irish origin of name.
Wot no date? David Bourne.
Complaint about undated Issues.
The Angerona at Cley Quay. Richard Kelham.
See illustration Issue 2 page 63 lower: date was probably 1876. Last ship to berth at Quay was New Walter & Anne in 1905. The last cargo was Norwegian timber which arrived by lighter which had to be quanted up in 1914.
Calstock Viaduct. Geoff Smith-Grogan.
See Issue 2 page 33: cites Concrete Society's journal Concrete 1970 for article on viaduct
Minor points. M.F. Keef.
See waggon illustrated in Issue 2 page 62: not horse-drawn: intended for towing by traction engine; and see feature of Portreath Harbour (Issue 1 page 55) writer records visit in 1922 and asks if railways within harbour were worked by horse, and states that level crossing (2-32 bottom) is Holme Fen on Ramsay branch.
A few suggestions. Christopher Male.
Wanted more electricity generating stations and gasworks.
Puzzle page. Tony Conder.
See Issue 3 page 33 bottom: location: Blisworth Bill

Follow up [Potreath Harbour]. 52-3.
See feature in Issue 1 page 55 et seq: view includes ships Treleigh, Olivia and Guardian in harbour and baulks in place on entrance and wagon on inclined plane,

Book Reviews. 54-5.
Bridges of Merthyr Tydfil. W.L. Davies. Glamorgan Record Office.
"monumental work". Two pictures related to it: one of boilermakers which was found after book was published and another of colliery tramway bridge over Aberfan to Troedyrhiw road. Critices book for lack of references.
Industrious Surrey. Chris Shepheard and Surrey Industrial History Group. Allan Sutton.
Covers wider range of industrial activity than series as a whole: cheap but poor reproduction standards.
The County Borough of Marthyr Tydfil. Carolyn Jacob, Stephen Done and Simon Eckley.
Ellesmere Port. Pat O'Brien.
Allan Sutton
Captions too brief: picture reproduction in Merthyr book is good.
Windmills and how they work.
Watermills and how they work.
Wells and pumps.
Old farm machines.
The farmer's tools.

John Vince. Sorbus.
"books themselves are a delight to behold."; "demonstrate the author's interest in drawing and caligraphy"

The Guernsey Steam Tram. 56-7.
3 mile long line from St Peter Port to St Sampson's: opened 6 June 1879. View taken at St Sampson's shows Merryweather locomotive No. 2 before company was liquidated in 1888 (company was reopened in 1889 and was eventually electrified).

Seend Ironworks. Neil Parkhouse. 58-64.
Between Holt and Devizes on GWR, furnaces operated from about 1860. Several companies were formed to exploit the local iron ore: the Great Western Iron Ore, Smelting & Coal Company was formed in 1857. This was succeeded by the Seend Iron Co. formed in 1861 but which went into voluntary liquidation in 1864. The Wiltshire Iron Co. smelted ore between 1868 and 1869. Mining (quarrying) continued after smelting ceased. Illus. date from between 1868 and 1875.  On page 59: two broad gauge wagons hauled by multiple horses. "Locomotive" (more like a hut on wheels) and tramway are illustrated. This feature produced an extensive correspondence (Issue 5 page 40): Richard Kelham supplied notes on the locomotive and rolling stock, notes a later siding installed in 1906, and observes that later workings appear to have been in association with gas purification plants; Kenneth Brown gave reason for third furnace; Lawrence Popplewell  noted a connection between the Hengistbury Head Mining Company and Seend through John Edgar Holloway, and from R.W. Kidner on the use of an aerial ropeway to connect the workings to the GWR siding. John Fletcher notes that Rowland Brotherhood was also a railway contractor and builder of railway locomotives. Ross Cunningham introduces question of gauge conversion for Holt to Devizes line. Data relating to output see Issue 8 page 47. Mentioned again in 2015 see Railway Archive Issue 47 p. 80: letter from Tony Wardle.

Archive Issue 5 (March 1995)

The Sheffield and South Yorkshire Navigation. Mike Taylor. 2-22.
The Navigation had been acquired by the MSLR and local interests had to buy it back from the railway to implement improvements, notably the New Junction Canal opened in 1905. Illus.: Four-storey stradable warehouse Sheffield c1900; iron and timber keels in Sheffield basin with MSLR Park Sidings behind; 40 ton castings being loaded at Tinsley for Keadby in 1920; Tinsley locks and toll bridge; Robinson Bros Rotherham Mill with sailing keel which had brought grain from Hull; Rotherham Westgate railway bridge; Northcliffe passing Rotherham tram & trolleybus depot; Roundwood staithe in 1950 with Reliance (wooden motor barge) being loaded with coal; Victor Waddington portrait 1930s; Guidance being rebuilt; Mitchell's Main Colliery on Derane & Dove Canal (colliery undermined canal and led to its abandonment in 1934; 'horse marine' at Mexborough top lock in 1910; Conisbrough lock being rebuilt Whitsun 1925; Dearne Valley Railway viaduct at Conisbrough under construction with assistance of overhead travelling cradle (completed viaduct see Issue 18 page 50); Levitt Hagg with limekilns and sailing barge aee also Issue 103 page 34; Navigation Company's advertisement showing advance from horse to tug haulage; outing organized by Kaleb Kilner of Castleford glassworks on horse-drawn barge at Sprotbrough bridge; horse-drawn barge with load of timber passing Hexthorpe Flatts in 1920s; Doncaster lock being lengthened prior to widening of GNR railway bridge, 1909; Keel under sail at Milethorn lock prior to 1902; Tom pudding trains (compartment boats) on New Junction Canal, both empty and loaded with jebus in different positions; aerial view of Stainforth with keel under sail, demasting crane and lock into river; Worfolks boat yard at Stainforth in 1913; wooden barge Leo leaving Thorne lock in 1949; barge under sail passing steel (1930) swing bridge at Thorne; steel keel sailing down Stainforth & Keadby Canal near Crowle in 1930s; Isle of Axholme Railway swing bridge near Crowle c1910 with keel sailing through; Keadby lock (arranged for locking into higher or lower Trent); River Trent in 1930s with barges waiting to enter Canal; Hanley's Pride: diesel tug-barge constructed in 1937.

Tuck, James T. Hartley Main Collieries. Part 2: under new management. .23-38
Part 1 Issue 4 page 30: Illus.: East Cramlington Colliery in 1931: Engine Shaft; new screening plant under construction; 1933 works of upgrading complete includes aerial flight with waste skips; central washer; vibrating screens and surface workmen: Shankhouse Colliery in 1932: Amelia Shaft steelwork; new screens; picking belts: Ricard Colliery: rebuilding Dudley Colliery in 1931; Cramlington Coal Co. stone dust wagon; electric winding house; new steel headgear; new screens in 1933; Hartford Colliery in 1940s showing tub line to screens; Seaton Delaval in 1929: new steel headgear. Part 3 see Issue 6 page 47..

Puzzle Page. 39.
John Horne states that gasworks (Issue 2 page 32 top)
S.D. Roberston noted that the crane shown in Issue 3 page 33 (top) had been used on Morden Extesion of London Underground in 1925
New problems
Burrell road locomotive hauling Lancashire boiler through village. top.
Bridge under construction. middle.
Callington branch: Kelly bridge: see letter by W. Wright in 7 page 46
Tug Charioteer. bottom.

Inbye: Archive's Letters Page. 40-1.
Seend Ironworks. Richard Kelham.
See feature Issue 4 page 58: Notes on Messrs Malcolm Fleet (not illustrated) supplied from Radstock Wagon Co. and built by Shackleford & Ford and on locomotive (from IRS Handbook volume J): 0-4-0VBT of 1874 built by Alexander Chaplin & Co of Glasgow. In 1906 Messrs Baldwin of Swansea paid for a new siding so that the ore could be worked on their behalf. See Bristol Industrial Archaeological Society Journal, 1979, 12.
Seend: the third furnace. Kenneth Brown.
See feature Issue 4 page 58: The Mining Journal 17 May 1862 records a meeting of the Seend Iron Co. under the chairmanship of Sir R.W. Carden in which it was observed that the covenant required a third furnace.
John Edgar Holloway at Seend. Lawrence Popplewell.
See feature Issue 4 page 58: Writer was author of Ironstone Canyon published by Melledgen Press which records the history of the Hengistbury Head  Mining Co. Following objections by the Admiralty to these activities Holloway became involved in the activity at Seend.
Woolmer and Seend. R.W. Kidner.
With reference to Seend (See feature Issue 4 page 58): the writer notes that a telpher (aerial ropeway) was used to convey the ore to a siding east of the road bridge at Seend Station. In Issue 4 page 9 top there is an illustration of a rigid eight-wheeled Metropolitan Railway third disposed of during 1909-14 to the Isle of Wight Railway (18) and to the Burry Port & Gwendraeth Valley Railway (19).
Coasters. Roy Fenton.
Congratulations on Bain feature (Issue 1 page 55) and writer's contribution to bibliography.
A few notes. John Fletcher.
Issue 4 page 9 lower: MCR=Military Camp Railways; corrects Works Number of Pecket illustrated on Issue 3 page 18. Also notes error in caption on page 53 of Issue 3: Farlington not Farrington. In connection with the feature on Seend (4 page 58) notes that Rowland Brotherhood was also a railway contractor and builder of locomotives.
Yorkshire Engine Co. locomotive at Brodsworth Colliery. Jim Peden.
See Issue 3 page 18 (lower) locomotive stated to be Avonmouth product was Yorkshire Engine Co and claims photo was taken on 10 September 1961.
Cheltenham High St. Halt. Peter Witts.
Railmotor approaching from Honeybourne direction (see Issue 1 page 44). Also refers to Midland Railway station named Cheltenham High Street opened on 1 September 1862 and closed 1 July 1910.
The King's Own Scottish Borderers. Ross Cunningham.
See Issue 4 page 19 top: lanyard position of KOSBs; also see feature on Seend (Issue 4 page 58) date of gauge conversion of Holt to Devizes line.
Southampton tugboats.  Roger Christian.
See Issue 4 page 23 top: complex story of William Jolliffe: cites Blow five - a history of the Alexandra Touring Co. Ltd by W.B. Hallam (Journal of Commerce & Shipping Telegraph, 1976) the W.T. Jolliffe takeover was in March 1908 and no William Jolliffe was included. According to British steam tugs by P.N. Thomas (Waine Research, 1983) two vessels called William Jolliffe were built in 1885: one was sold to the Admiralty in same year and the other was disposed in 1907.
Puzzle page. Harry Leadbetter.
See Issue 4 page 50 centre: 0-6-0ST with snowplough was at Trawsfynydd: cites Keith Beck's The Great Western north of Wolverhampton (Ian Allan, 1986)
A letter from Oz. Bob Gallagher.
Cramlington Coal Co. 2-6-0 No. 15. Mike Barnsley
See Issue 4 page 41 top: complex tale of locomotive between use on MSWJR as late as April 1913 following withdrawal from "mainline" service in 1910 and sale of frames to John Cashmore of Cardiff and reconstruction by NBR at Cowlairs using NBR boiler, was then used to work between NBR and Rosythe Dockyard, following WW1 was sold to J.F. Wake of Darlington who sold to Cramlington Coal Co.

Follow up 1: Bryant's Maggotorium. 42.
See Issue 4 page 50 top: information from Neil Davies: Business: A. Bryant & Co. at Denholme. Stench was considered to be beneficial to health and company had hoped to create a sanitorim

Follow up 2: The Owain Tudur. Roy Fenton. 43.
See Issue 4 page 50 bottom: on Yare at Great Yarmouth, sometime between 1906 and 1918. Vessel owned Rix family: Humber Steam Coasters Ltd. Had been built by Samuel Brothers of Llanelli in 1882.

Book Reviews. 44
Ships in focus: Anchor and Brocklebank Lines. John Clarkson and Roy Fenton. John & Marion Clarkson.
Two illus. reproduced: Martland in 1937  and Transylvania. "enthusiastically recommended".
Festiniog Railway Society: heritage album.
Indicates some inaccuracies, including back to front reproductions (bit like the Grauniad finding typos).
A guide to the industrial archaeology of Cumbria. John and Jan Bennett. AIA.
excellent handy-sized guide.
Dam builders' railways - from Durham's Dales to the Border. D. Bowtell. Plateway.
The collieries of Durham. Volume 1. David Temple. Trade Union Printing Services.
Photogrphic coverage is very good. "Warmly recommended"
Backworth: an illustrated history of the mines and railways. John Elliott and Derek Charlton. Chilton Iron Works.
"well researched, well presented and comprehensively illustrated"

Cornwall - A Floating Borstal in the Thames. Patricia O'Driscoll. 46-56.
Former 50-gun wooden frigate moored off Purfleet to act as reformatory. Began life in this role in 1859 and lasted until 1939. The official inspections were critical of the inadequate fascilities and diet, and the failure to reform. From 1926 the vessel was moored off Denton below Gravesend. There is also a photograph of the fever ships Atlas, Endymion and Castalia as moored in Long Reach. Further information in Issue 16 page 57 et seq.

The Fintona Horse Tram. Neil Parkhouse. 57-60.
Three views: 1931 view in Fintona station (two-page spread) and two 1950s views: leaving Fintona and arriving Junction. Bedside Backtrack gives colour view (p. 105) and BackTrack 17 page 108 has similar feature.

The big bang - in practice! John Tatchell. 61-4.
Locomotive boiler explosions (photographs taken following): Fire Fly class Leopard (2-2-2) exploded at Bristol in 1857, locomotive built Sharp, Roberts in 1840 (cause of explosion not known); GNR 0-6-0 No. 138 (116 class built R & W Hawthorne in December 1850: explosion took place at Bishop's Road station on the Metropolitan Railway on 9 May 1864 (cause wastage of boiler plate); Highland Railway small goods (Barclay 2-4-0) No. 21 (constructed Sharp, Stewart 1863): explosion took place at Fochabers on 4 January 1872 whilst passenger train was moving: cause defective firebox stays; Craven LBSCR 2-4-0 No. 174 (built Brighton in June 1864) suffered boiler explosion at Lewes on 27 September 1879: causes firebox split and safety valves set at excessive pressure; catastrophic boiler failure of LNWR B-class 4-cylinder compound 0-8-0 at Buxton on 11 November 1921. Cause was faulty workmanship by Beardmore of Glasgow which had serviced engine and failed to provide adequate tolerances for safety valves which tended to jam.

Archive Issue 6 (June 1995)

Kearsley Power Station. Graham Edge. 2-22.
Lancashire Electric Power Company (LEP): power station on banks of Irwell: work started in June 1927. Designed by Dr H.F. Parshall, Consulting Engineer, and constructed by J. Jarvis & Sons Ltd. It opened in September 1929. The official opening did not take place until the B station had been completed when the act was performed by the Earl of Derby on 21 December 1936. The C station which was capable of burnin non-conventional fuels opened in 1949 and had Rotograte boilers. For much of its life is equipment was highly efficient for its time, although the original steel chimneys had to be replaced due to corrosion. The LEP had been incorporated in August 1900: a map shows its distribution area, and the location of other power stations. Electric locomotives were used at the power station: No. 1 (Hawthorn Leslie 3682/1927), now preserved in the Manchester Museum of Science & Industry; No. 2 (Hawthorn Leslie 3872/1936) and Nos 3 and 4 (Robert Stephenson & Hawthorn 7078/1944 and 7284/1945). Includes a posed shot of the entire stock and the locomotives as running in CEGB ownership. Illus. (p.15) shows medieval bridge as well as power station: see letter Issue 7 p. 46. See also Issue 57 page 49 lower for electric locomotive supplied to Padiham power station.

The Bugsworth waggon tipplers: an illustrated history of transhipment devices. Alan J. Findlow and Don Baines. 23-6.
Peak Forest Canal and its tramway.

The construction of Fortis Green Reservoir. John Fletcher. 27-32.
Near Cranley Gardens in North London. A siding linked the construction site to the GNR Alexandra Palace branch. The works had been started by the New River Company but were largely completed by the Metropolitan Water Board. The photographs were taken during 1906 and 1907 and show the massive brickwork under construction. The contractor, James Byrom, employed two locomotives (both Peckett 0-4-0STs) Derby (748/1898) and George (729/1898). The reservoir was designed to hold 10m gallons and is 17 feet deep.

Puzzle Page. 33.
Steam boat. top
Dean goods with tank wagons. middle
Stogumber: see letter 8-43 by Michael Dunn.
Colliery with MR wagons c1910. bottom.

Inbye: Archive's Letters Page. 34
More on Seend. Tony Cooke.
Writer records arrangements made by GWR for sidings/junctions with Messrs Malcolm's Ironworks on 18 October 1871 and with later owner's/operator's of the site.
Metropolitan boiler explosion. R.W. Kidner.
Refers back to feature in (5) page 62 and cites Alfred Rosling Bennett's study of Metropolitan Railway locomotives which appeared in the Railway Magazine for 1908.
Boiler delivery. Michael J. Morgan.
Confirmed by Bill Bleasdale: Refers back to (5) page nn: location was Halstead High Street in Essex in 1904, and the boiler was being delivered to Courtauld's factory. Cites Vintage steam owners and operators of the Colne Valley area. Robert A. Harding. Halstead & District Local History Society, 1985.
Mystery canal picture. David Bick.
Lock on canal in South West Midlands?

Book Reviews. 35-6.
Steam coasters and short sea traders, 3rd ed.. C.V. Waine & R.S. Fenton. Waine Research Publications.
"lavishly illustrated"; "fitting epitaph for steam coaster"; "superb source materail".
Rochester sailing barges of the Victorian era. Bob Childs. Rochester Sailing Barges. Patricia O'Driscoll
Written by former barge skipper: story only goes as far as 1901.
South Yorkshire railway stations. Norman Ellis. Reflections of a Bygone Age.
Illustrations based on postcards
Monkland, the canal that made money. Guthtrie Hutton.
Methil - no more! Paul Murray.
Richard Stenlake Publishing.
Landscape format: part of longer series.
VIDEO. Tom Puddings
. IA Records
Fully produced colour tape (8 minutes) shot in 1986.

Steam Towage on the Severn. 37-9.
Introduced by Humphrey Brown & Son of Tewkesbury in 1830 with Sabrina which sank within two years. In 1853 Alfred Williams started the Severn Steam Tug Co with paddle tug Enterprise plus two further tugs. The water depth was unreliable above Gloucester. In 1871 locks and weirs were installed at Llanthony and at Maisemore which then gave a relaible depth as far as Stourport. In 1874 the new dock was opened at Sharpness. The Severn and Canal Carying, Shipping & Steam Towing Co was formed to provide steam tugs and this later became the Severn & Canal Carrying Co. Illus.: Gloucester Docks with Alert (tug); Athlete towing two trows; Myrtle ? towing narrow boat Stoke at Gloucester (with Cathedral and GWR viaduct in background)

Sinking a pit - Hatfield Main. 40.
Photograph taken in 1911 at a depth of only 25-30 feet

Follow Up Special: Military Camp Railways. Mike Christensen. 41-6.
Original in Issue 4 page 2 et seq.Illus.: Mars at Longmoor in 1908; Hampshire (Avonside 152/1906) at Oakhanger level crossing; 4-4-0T Kingsley (Hudswell Clarke 224/1880) ex, Lynn and Fakenham Railway; 0-6-2T Sir John French (R & W. Hawthorn Leslie (1914) with ex-GWR ambulance train vehicle (WW1) built 1915 and MR goods brake van; 0-6-2T Gordon (ex-TVR purchased GWR 1927; Sir John French; Kitchener (ex-TVR 0-6-2T purchased 1927); Queen Mary (Contractor's 0-4-0ST) with wagon ready for visit of  King George V and Queen Mary with Lord Kitchener to Larkhill Railway in 1915. See letter by R.W. Kidner (7 page 46) which states that Queen Mary was not used.

Tuck, James T. Hartley Main Colliery. Part 3. Further reconstruction and expansion. 47-64.
Previous Part see Issue No. 5 page 23. New Hartley Hastings Colliery; electrical winding gear; new screens; machine cutting underground. New workings in early 1930s: Nelson Colliery, Gloria Colliery, Rose Pit, Avenue Drift/Shaft; Nightingale shaft, modernized East Cramlington brickworks, rebuilt Northumberland Dock. On the other hand evictions from company cottages. Wrightson Colliery closue in 1935. Cramlington Ann Colliery closed in 1937. Acquired Seaton Burn Colliery Co. with Seaton Burn Colliery, Dinnington & Williams Collieries and Seaton Burn railway ssytem. This last was large and complex and included the Brunton and Shields Railway of 1826 which ran to the Percy Main staithes, the Dinnington Waggonway and the Killingworth Waggonway of 1806. Hartley Main set out to simplify the network. During WW2 there was a serious shortage of manpower and this led to the closure of East Cramlington Colliery and Shankhouse Colliery. Seaton Burn Colliery was electrified. In 1943 Hartley Main was bought out by the Bedlington Coal Co. Illus.: New Hartley Colliery; Hastings Shaft headframe; 1931 view; work on electrification; steam and replacement electrical winding gear; old and new tub tipplers; 'Billy Fair Play' screening system, March 1933; Seaton Burn Colliery 1895; Seaton Burn Colliery c1912; Dinnington Colliery 1920. Locomotives: Hartley Main 0-6-0 No. 3 (Robert Stephenson 1747/1867) North Shield Colliery line stated to have been supplied to NBR (59 top): see letter by  by M.R. Grocock 7-46 ; Hartley Main No. 9 being Hawthorn Leslie 3466/1921 0-6-0T; Seaton Delaval station; Seaton Delaval workshops; ex-MSWJR 2-6-0 Hartley Main No. 16 (see Inbye in Number 4 page xx); 0-6-0ST No. 24 (Sharp Stewart 4600/1900; ex-GWR/ex-Barry Railway); 0-6-0ST No. 25 (ex-Barry Railway) (NBL 16633); 0-6-0ST No. 33 at Percy Main in June 1950  (ex-WD 75313, Vulcan Foundry 5303); 0-6-0ST No. 21 Skiddaw Lodge ex-LMS, ex-Cleator & Workington Junction Railway (Hudswell Clarke 1400/1920 at Seaton Burn c1940; 0-6-2T 28, ex Barry Railway (Sharp Stewart 3575/1890); 0-6-0T No. 24; 0-6-0 No. 6 Robert Stephenson 2917/1899; 2-6-0 ex-MSWJR; pay coach; Nelson Colliery 1952. See also Issue 66 page 36 upper for Davenport 0-6-0T working out of Percy Main.

Archive Issue 7 (stated to be June, but presumably September, 1995)

Combe Martin - an industrial slum!? Neil Parkhouse. 2-17.
Lime kilns, silver mines, quarries, shipping from harbour (including strawberries for South Wales and Bristol), jam making. One picture clearly shows medieval strip cultivation pattern. Shipping includes the puffer Snowflake (and its sinking); the ketches Olive & Mary and Emma Louise), and the Ben Rein built by Fullerton's of Paisley in 1905.

Early locomotives at Swanscombe Cement Works. John Fletcher. 19
A table lists locomotives which worked on system. Reproduction of engraving of contractors locomotive supplied by Stephen Lewin as shown in Engineering for 12 March 1875. Two overall photographs which show locomotives amidst a mass of other things (courtesy Blue Circle Industries) and 1920 photograph of rebuilt Lewin locomotive Erith

The Automatic Tide Marker Station at Irvine. Alastair Weir. 29
A sand bar at the entrance to Irvine Harbour was causing it to lose trade to Troon and Ardrossan and Martin Boyd, the Harbour Master, as well as arranging dredging, invented (10448 of 7 April 1904) and installed the tidal marker described herein. Illus. include one of inventor, his wife and his invention.See also 19 page 2

The Zillah Shipping & Carrying Co. Ltd. Roy Fenton. 37-44.
Mayflower (Ailsa Shipbuilding, 1907) on Bristol Avon, Thelma (Ailsa, 1903) c1908-10 at Preston, Adherance (W.J. Yarwood, Northwich, 1914), Preston 1930; Alyn (George Brown & Co., Greenock): 2 views - one as wrecked at Langness, Isle of Man on 17 March 1940; Puffin (Ailsa 1900) at Penmaenmawr jetty with incline to quarry in background; Silverfield (Lytham Shipbuilding & Engineering, 1915) at Preston; Ashfield (Lytham 1914); Larchfield (Lytham 1940); Hazelfield (1948) as in service with John S. Marks & Co as Sprayville in July 1960; Westfield (originally owned Tyne-Tees Shipping as Cragside) on Manchester Ship Canal still equipped as Defensively Equipped Merchant Ship and possibly carrying Crossley diesel engines to CIE); Fallowfield (Dutch-built) off South Wales in July 1960; and Birchfield (Ardrossan Dockyard, 1956).

Puzzle Page. 45.
"Bread St." depot, GNR. top
Allan Sibley (8-42) states York Way Goods Depot, and Mary Mills (8-43) confirms via highly distinctive gasholders. Michael Dunn (8-43) seeks out Bread Street in City.
Narrow boat Mabel. middle
Edward Paget-Tomlinson (8-43) suggests Basingstoke Canal
Rolling bascule bridge, Sheppey?. bottom
Patricia O'Driscoll (Issue 8 page 42) makes it clear that the bridge was Kings Ferry to the Isle of Sheppey. Allan Sibley (8-42) confirms and adds details about tug.

Inbye: Archive's Letters. 46
Spreading diseases. R.J. Hayhurst.
Complaint about two-page spreads. Issue 5, page 74: 74 gun ships of the line are not frigates.
Kearsley. Douglas Robinson.
Issue 6 page 15: bridge shown is medieval and listed; notes on the boundary stone, and the very solidly constructed brach line.
Military camp railways. R.W. Kidner.
Issue 6 page 46: Royal Train at Larkhill Camp: it was not hauled by Queen Mary, but was formed by tank locomotive hauling a four-wheel saloon.
Hartley Main No. 3. M.R. Grocock.
Issue No. 6 page 59 top: origin of No. 3 was NER not NBR: Edward Fletcher No. 658, constructed Robert Stephenson (WN 1747): lasted until 1959.
Callington branch puzzle page. W.A.R. Wright.
Issue 5 page 39 (middle): Kelly Bray near Callington.

Book Reviews. 47
South Yorkshire Collieries. Norman Ellis.
Farming in Lincolnshire. Eric Croft.
Reflections of a Bygone Age.
First: reproduction of pictures is excellent and captions are interesting and informative. Second: captions are brief, often banal, and generally do little to enhance the mostly superb pictures.
Exploring Cornish mines. Kenneth Brown & Bob Acton. Landfall. WJDP.
A must for all walkers and industrial historians visiting Cornwall.
Industrial History of Surrey Heath Borough. John Mills.
Industrial History of Woking and its Borough. Iain Wakeford.
Surrey Industrial History Group Guides
"excellent publications"
Snailbeach. Shropshire Caving & Mining Club
"good overall picture of Shropshire's greatest lead mine"
Morse's Level. IA Recordings.
Mine worked by Free Miners in Forest of Dean.

The Mills on Artle Beck, Caton, Lancashire. Phil Hudson and James Price. 48-64.
Covers an extensive period - back to Medieval period: Tongue Moor Mill and Crossgill Mill were both early and associated with corn or fulling; Gresgarth Mill was a theshing mill; Forge Mill was a corn mill and then was associated with an iron forge; Rumble Row Mill was associated with cotton & silk; Willow Mill with brush heads (full feature on Willow Mill see Issue 12 page 25) and Low Mill with cotton: the last was converted to steam.

Ramsley Copper Mine, South Zeal, Dartmoor. Tom Greeves. 58-64.
Situated near old A30 road, it operated beteen 1850s until its closure in 1909. Lists sources of further information: map of 1905; photograph (panorama) of 1904/5; close up views from same period; and five group photographs of miners (with some names identified).

Archive Issue 8 (December 1995)

'Steel Ships and Iron Men': the story of the colliers operated by Harveys of Hayle. Clive Carter. 2-23.
1848 Admiralty chart of Hayle; the Bessie in Hayle River  in April 1866 (two views); nineteenth century artist's impression of the Bride; 17 November 1893 Cintra wreck and rescue in Carbis Bay, and Bessie aground; Carnsaw at Harvey's Wharf; one of the two Harvey Burrell traction engines in 1905; Hayle leaving port c1905 and aground in June 1906; Dolcoath mine pre-WW1 view; Hayle under attack by friendly fire at Barry Island during WW1 (presumably US); Hayle as owned by Richard Hughes, Liverpool; Hayle Harbour; Ailsa in late 1920s as owned by John Kelly Ltd., Belfast in Sharpness Canal?; Mellanear wreck on 4 September 1928 on Peel rocks near Lands End, Hayle power station with wagons GW05289 and Hall Lewis & Co. GW 01325; SS Pulteney in late 1920s; Portminster Beach, St Ives, with collier and "Jumbo" sailing boats.

Taff Merthyr Colliery. Edward A. Evans. 24-39.
Sunk in 1922; complete by 1924. Taff Merthyr Garden Village (only very distant view), plan, illustrations of surface buildings, winding gear, compressors, winding motor control cabin, lamp room, Taff Merthyr Colliery Halt on 11 April 1964; p. 39: Hudswell Clarke 0-6-0ST Taff Merthyr (1498/1923), Andrew Barclay 0-4-0ST Nelson (2158/1943) ex-RAF Glascoed, locomotive shed.

Puzzle Page. 40.
Farnham gas works under construction. top.
J.K. Almond (Issue 10 page 52) suggests that these are Cleveland pattern kilns used for calcining iron ore with furnace slag in foreground.
W.D. Owen Provision Merchant horse drawn single axle cart with TVR and GWR signal boxes. middle.
Century Tanning Co. Ltd. in winter. bottom.

Inbye: Archive's letters page. 41
The bigger picture. M.J. Featherstone.
In favour of including post-1950 material, also likes large reproductions of photographs.
The bigger picture. Charles J. Pankhurst.
See letter by Hayhurst (Issue 7): writer willing to lose some information in gutter to offset extra information in larger picture.
Fuzzy lines and other matters. Andy Cuckson.
Proposes centre gutter, also notes errors in maps, whilst editor notes that it is Wilfley shaking tables.
Wilkinson steam tramway locos. Graham Thorne.
Requires further information on those used by Plymouth & Devonport Company.

Puzzle Page Follow Up. 42
Kings Ferry Bridge. Patricia O'Driscoll.
See Number 7 page 45 (bottom): illustration of bridge being rebuilt in 1904 when a Scherzer rolling lift bridge was installed. Notes on conditions imposed by SECR for raising bridge and on accidents in 1922 and 1923.
Kings Ferry Bridge & King's Cross. Allan Sibley.
See Number 7 page 45 (top): York Way Goods Depot; Number 7 page 45 (bottom) information on tug (owned J.P. Knight and based at Rochester), showing removal of original lift bridge and new rolling lift bridge in background.
King's Cross. Mary Mills.
See Issue 7 page 45 (top): famous gasholders dictate location: York Way.
King's Cross. Michael Dunn.
See Issue 7 page 45 (top): Bread City presumably GNR City office. Re Issue 6: Stogumber location of Dean goods confirmed Tim Stephens.
Basingstoke Canal. Edward Paget-Tomlinson.
Issue 7 page 45 (middle): Basingstoke Canal?

Follow Up. Life in Woodlands Model Village. Arthur Morrell. 44-6.
See Issue 3 page 2 for original feature. Describes style of life in model village built in association with Brodsworth Colliery, near Doncaster. Illustrated by photographs of Letchworth style buildings... and caol wagons in snow at colliery on 14 January 1947.

Reviews. 47-8.
British blast furnace statistics. 1790-1980. Philip Riden and John G. Owen. Merton Priory.
"essential tome for the bookshelf of any serious industrial historian". Quotes statistics relating to Seend Ironworks (see Issue 4 page 58) and suggests error in data, but author responds to this in Issue 10 page 52.
The tramways and railways to Holywell. J.R. Thomas. Author.
"excellent source and reference notes" "plenty of maps and illustrations"
Newham Dockland. Howard Bloch.
South Telford,  Ironbridge Gorge, Madeley and Dawley. John Powell & Michael A. Vanns. Chalfont Publishing.
"They contain many views of interest to the industrial or transport enthusiast."
A second view from Carn Marth. Bob Acton. Landfall.
A view from Carn Galver. Bob Acton. Landfall. Dennis Parkhouse.
"mix of facts, sketches and colour views" (both) "highly recommended.
Swindon: the legacy of a railway town. John Cattell and Keith Falconer. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. HMSO.
"extremely well presented, well illustrated and well produced". Colour copies of some of the origanl plans signed by Brunel included.
Midland Record; edited by Bob Essery. Wild Swan.
If the head of the Science Museum doubts there is much 'academic' study of railway topics printed then he should look no further than the Midland Record.

The A - Z of Sailing Craft: A - The Arun Barge. Edward Paget-Tomlinson 49
Arun Navigation in Sussex: via Wey & Arun Navigation to rivers Wey and Thames.

Cromhall Lime Kilns, Gloucestershire. Neil Parkhouse. 50-1.
Throckmortons in the 1850s - early twentieth century Earl of Ducie and then developed. Amer Roadstone now closed. Illus. c1910 (two)

The Aire and Calder Navigation, Part 1. Mike Taylor. 52-64.
W.H. Bartholemew 1831 to 1919 Engineer (portrait); Tom Pudding boats, steam tug haulage, development of Goole. Illus.: Leeds, Beta tug barge; Leeds Industrial Co-operative Society barge; The President (barge); Farndale H at Knostrop Depot; Knottingley cut; Cawood motor barge at Skelton Grange power station; Savile Basin with Katherine in 1983; horse-drawn barge at Thornhill lock early 20th century; Queensview (steam keel) unloading steel wire at Thornes Wharf, Wakefield; Barnsley Canal at Agbrigg; final breach in Barnsley Canal in November 1946; aquaduct at Stanley Ferry with Steadfast; Tom Puddings 1967 at Castleford; Newlands No. 2 (0-4-0ST Peckett) hauling transporter with compartment boat; A&CN steam flyboat No. 18 at Bulholme lock; horse being ferried at Bulholme

Archive Issue 9 (March 1996)
(now out of print)

John King. Gatwick Airport and its 'Beehive' Terminal. Part 1: 1930 to 1945. . 2-18.
Ronald Waters and John Mockford took a field next to Gatwick Racecourse in 1930 for pilot instruction and joy riding. This was acquired by Redwing Aircraft in 1932 who sold it to Morris Jackaman in September 1933 which became Airports Ltd. Jackaman had the idea for a circular terminal building. The architects were Alan Marlow, Frankn Hoar and Bill Lovett. Marcel Descoutter became involved in 1935. On 17 May 1936 British Airways Ltd started to operate from Gatwick and the terminal was officially opened on 6 June 1936. Illus.: Granstand, Gatwick racecourse c1910; racecourse station with LBSCR express hauled by B2 4-4-0 c1910; aerial view of racecourse; SR airport station under construction; page 9 lower Gatwick Stream with Simplex type of locomotive & tippers on narrow gauge railway: see letter Andrew Neale Issue 18 page 44; terminal under construction (many views); official opening; DH 86.

Ian Pope. Mitcheldean Cement Works. 19-29.
First published in The New Regard in 1995. Maynard Willoughby Colchester-Wemyss owned the Wilderness Estate decided to increase the value of his land by opening a Portland Cement works. The Wilderness Portland Cement Co. was incorporated on 28 September 1885. Oliphant Arthur Brown took over the works in 1907 and reconstructed them installing a rotary kiln. Further financial difficulties were encoutered in 1909 and the Severn Portland Cement Works Ltd took it over, but it in turn was wound up in 1911. Following ownership by British Portland Cement the works closed for good in 1915. Illus.: works pre-1907; c1907; gas engine being unloaded off GER wagons at Mitcheldean Road station to be hauled to site by traction engine owned by Messrs Flowers of Ledbury (the engine was from Paxman of Colchester); rotary kiln and grinding mill. See also Issue 56 page 27..

Puzzle Page.  30.
Bridge with light railway. top.
Rattlebrook Peat Railway Dartmoor. See contribution by Kidner Issue 10 page 51
Canal with horse-drawn icebreaker. middle.
Barrowford Top Lock, near Colne: see Bill Bleasdale Issue 10 page 52.
Colliery in MR territory. bottom

Puzzle Page: Issue 8 — Answers. 31.
Top picture. P.F. Cory.

Middle picture. Ray Caston.
Llanstrisant (with further views).
Middle picture. John Hawkins.
Bottom picture. Stephen Bell
Leatherworks alongside Wrexham & Ellesmere Railway.

Inbye: Archives Letters Page. 32-3.
Spreading the word. I. Winnington.
Spreading the picture. B.L. Wilson.
Complaint about two-page spreads
GWR hired wagons. Bernard Holland.
See Issue 8 page 22 wagon owned by Birmingham RCW, although lettered GWR. Picture from Gloucester RCW Co. - lettered GW but owned by wagon company. Many private owner wagons actually owned by major wagon companies and hired out.
GWR hired wagons. Richard Kelham.
Confirms GWR hired wagons from Birmingham RCW
The deep-mined coal industry. Roger N. Holden
See Editorial in Issue 8: cites History of the British coal industry. 5 volumes. Oxford University Press.
Wilkinson engines at Plymouth. R.W. Kidner.
Refers to Issue 8 where Thorne queries link between Swanscombe Cement Works' locomotives and tram engines use on P & D T: Kidner cites Whitcombe paper published J. Instn Loco. Engrs
Loco wrongly identified. Eric Shepherd.
See Issue 8 page 63: not Peckett but probably Kitson reconstructed Hudswell Clarke
Combe Martin Silver Mines. Peter F. Claughton.
See Issue 7 pp. 10-11: location of shafts: additional sources of information
Combe Martin jam. Harry Leadbetter.
See Issue 7: mangolds added to jam?
Arrows. K. Seaward
Suggests adding arrows to photographs to show lie of land.
Hayle and Ailsa. Roy Fenton.
See Issue 8 page vv. Not Sharpness but Preston Dock.

Follow Up. Fintona Horse Tram. Roger Carpenter. 34.
See Issue 5: two further view taken on 28 April 1951 of Dick, the horse, the tram and Driver Willie Maclean at Fintona Junction. See also Backtrack

Follow Up. King's Ferry Bridge. R.C. Riley. 35.
See Issue bb: bridge under repair in 1923 following collision by S.S. Grip on 17 December 1922, and 31158 on Sittingbourne to Sheerness service on 16 October 1954.

Reviews . 36
Bridges on the River Wye. Alan Crow. Lapridge Publications.
This is a knowledgeable but thoroughly entertaining discourse which covers every bridge that crosses or is known to have crossed the Wye, including footbridges, private farm bridges and those dating from Roman times, as well as the numerous road and rail bridges. Many of the latter have now gone or are used as footbridges, the lines they carried having long since closed. Seventy-seven bridges are listed, beginning with Y Drum, a private farm bridge 3.2 km from the source of the river on the slopes of Plynlimon, and ending with the Wye section of the Severn Bridge. Extensively illustrated, the reproduction of the pictures is generally excellent.
Gas Light and Steam . Malcolm Millichip. British Gas.
Comprehensive book details the railways at all gas works in what was the North Thames Gas Board's area, extending from Southend to Windsor, including the giant works at Beckton. There are full lists of all known locomotives to have worked at these sites...The clarity of the maps and plans is excellent, as is the reproduction of the photographs, which include many works views as well as close-ups of engines. The introductory chapters cover the history of the North Thames Gas Board and the delivery of coal to the various works, with lists of colliers (both steam and later diesel) being included for those companies which owned and operated them. Each of the 26 gas works then has a chapter to itself, covering the history of its rail system as well as a general history of the site from inception. "This is a superb book, which no gas historian or industrial railway enthusiast should be without and represents excellent value at the published price".
North Telford, Wellington, Oakengates and Surrounding Areas. John Powell & Michael A. Vanns.
Rhondda: A Second Selection. Simon Eckley & Emrys Jenkins.
Redruth. Paddy Bradley.
Clay Cross and the Clay Cross Company. Cliff Williams.
Macclesfield: the silk industry. Louanne Collins & Moira Stevenson.
All Chalford Publishing
The North Telford book is drawn from the collection of photographs at the Library of the Ironbridge Gorge Museum, much of what is shown, particularly the industries and railways, has been swept away. The same comments apply to the Rhondda, which has lost all its pits and most of its other heavy industry, and with it the railways that served them. The photographic reproduction, particularly in the Rhondda volume, is generally good. Paddy Bradley's collection of postcard views of his local area is second to none and, whilst the first half of the book is strong on social history, the second half has some superb views of the mines around Redruth, the Camborne - Redruth Tramway and other modes of transport. The captions are excellent. The volumes on Clay Cross has over 200 photographs, mainly with fairly detailed and extensive captions and provides a good introduction to the Company and the area. In the volume covering Macclesfield's silk industry there is a good, four-page introduction to the industry and each chapter on yarn preparation, design, knitting, and finishing is introduced with a paragraph or two expounding on what was involved. The book contains some delightful images and is warmly recommended
The City & Kingswood line: a history of Bristol's trams. I.S. Bishop. Author.
This is a well presented and very readable account of Bristol's trains, beginning with the horse-drawn and steam varieties which were used prior to electrification of the system. The book is copiously illustrated, the author having generously been given access to the extensive collections of postcards and photographs built up by Mike Tozer, and Derek and Janet Fisher, although reproduction would probably have benefitted slightly from a glossier paper. This reviewer's only real quibble though is with the maps, the two used being too small and poorly reproduced.
Exploring Cornish Mines. Volume 2. Bob Acton & Kenneth Brown. Landfall Publications, Dennis Parkhouse.
Another superb and up-to-date appraisal of part of Cornwall's mining remains in several locations. The successful mix of guided walks and historic mine data combine with the maps and photographs (past and present) to make these books required reading by all who visit Cornwall; no proper understanding of the present mining landscape is possible without them.

Hunslet Narrow Gauge Locomotives. Andrew Neale. Plateway Press. IAP
Locomotive 'catalogue' for Hunslet's narrow gauge products from the company's individual locomotive data sheets. 58 of these deal with locomotives between 1ft. 6in. and 3ft. 6in. gauge. Includes introductory notes on Hunslet's history and an appendix gives details of the order number, customer name and dispatch date for each of the locomotives illustrated. Well produced book.

The A - Z of Sailing Craft: B is for The Billy Boy. Edward Paget-Tomlinson . 38
Like King William III the Billy Boy had a Dutch ancestry and some were actually constructed in Holland. Many were built inland at Leeds, Wakefield and Castleford. Others were built on the Wash. They were slow. One is illustrated at Cley in Issue 2 page 63 lower.

The Aire and Calder Navigation, Part 2. Mike Taylor. 39-52.
Illus.: Ferrybridge power stations with Marfleet amongst murk of polluted river - see letter from relative (Gordon Rhodes) of skipper of Marfleet in Issue 10 page 52; flood locks at Ferrybridge with Waterbird; Tom Pudding train at Knottingley in 1950; Rapidity leaving Selby lock heading up Ouse for York in 1959; launch of Emma Hunt in 1961; Bustardthorpe leaving Pollington Lock in 1987 see also Follow-up feature in Issue 52 p. 22 which describes how the vessel was taken from Lowestoft to Abingdon on the Thames for conversion into a leisure vessel.; Scherzer rolling lift bridge built to carry H&B and GCJR across A&CN below Pollington Lock in 1940s (p. 42) - see letter by V. Darnell in Issue 10 page 52; New Junction Canal aquaduct across River Don with horse-drawn barge, July 1905; ice breaking on New Junction Canal early 1963 (NJC being less polluted froze more rapidly); breach at Easter 1958 with Compartment Steam Tug No. 14 and Tom Puddings affected by it; hydraulic hoists for Tom Pudding compartments at Goole loading Sanfry; coal being tipped from railway wagons using 50 ton hydraulic crane at Goole; aerial view of Goole Docks; plans; several views of Goole Docks including 50 ton hydraulic crane in Stanhope Dock (p. 45 lower) see also Issue 38 page 14 upper; Ocean Lock with motorized barge Robert P. Rishworth in 1978; Irwell (Goole Steam Shipping Co./Associated Humber Lines) with Patterdale H. Bishopdale H and Woodcock C in Ocean Lock in early 1950s; woden jetty at Blacktoft c1900; Altona aground on Ouse training walls in August 1908; loading barges at A&CN Hull depot, Humber Dock Basin, 1920s; ship to barge transfer at Hull Docks in 1950s, including wool for West Riding.

J. Harris - sole owner. Anne and Bill Thomas. 53-64.
Brayton Domain Colliery Co. was formed in 1822. Joseph Harris (1780-1860) and heirs: John (1827 to 1863 and Joseph (1859-1946) were successive sole owners of Collieries in Aspatria: it was not a family company. The illustrations were taken by Joseph Pattinson, Pharmacist and photographer with his assistant George Wilson. Includes a general history of mining in the area which began in 1657, and of transport. A canal was considered to access Allonby from where coal was exported. The Maryport & Carlisle Railway reached Arkleby Pit on 15 July 1840. The Solway Junction Railway was opened 1 September 1869. The history of Brayton Domain pits and Harriston No. 3 pit are considered. Part 2 Issue 10 page 19 and Part 3 Issue 11 page 10. Illus include Joseph Harris (died 1946) portrait; chimney demolition and bowling green at Harriston.


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