Backtrack 1987 Volume 1

Part 1: Spring 1987

GWR modified 'Hall' No 7901 Dodington Hall heads north near Thorpe Mandeville. Michael Mensing. front cover

The country railway - in retrospect. Lewis Reade. 4-6.
Pen portrait of the (mainly - they still survive on Anglia's Bittern Line) former joys of the country railway. Illus.: Ryhall and Belmisthorpe station with carefully tended flower beds; Tavistock motor train rattles along with ex GW 2-6-2T no 5572  (col. R.C. Riley); Railway staff in Victorian times at Madeley [Shropshire], stations at Axminster and Bluntisham and Terriers 32662 and 32670 on tour of K&ESR on 11 June 1961;

The country railway - return to Kerry. G.F. Bannister. 7-8.
Branch line from Abermule to Kerry as perceived in 1952 and 1955: includes a chronolgy of line authorised in 1861, opened in 1863, closed to passengers in 1931 and to all traffic in 1956. Bibliography. Illus.:  Kerry branch freight near Middle Mile in 1956; The remnants of Kerry station; Track diagram - Kerry station; Track diagram - the Kerry branch.

The rise and fall of the marshalling yard. Michael Meacher. 9-14.
Mainly Scottish yards: some modernized, some in original NBR squalour: illus.: Tyne marshalling yard under construction in 1963; Whitemoor marshalling yard in 1929 - four views; Portobello [Edinburgh] marshalling yard [West End] with Reid NBR N15/1 69173.

Station studies - a Cheshire trio. V.R. Anderson and G.K. Fox. 15-19
Chelford (opened 10 August 1842, illustarted at "an early date" and as following reconstruction for electrification and since replaced); Beeston Castle & Tarporley (opened 1840, closed 1966); Betley Road (opended 1875 and closed 1945, including track diagrams and illus (b&w).

A complete recovery—1. S.C. Townroe. 20-1.
Rerailing Lord Nelson class locomotive 30854 Howard of Effingham following accident at Shawford in July 1952 using Kelbus equipment (includes twt colour photographs).

A complete recovery-2. R.C. Riley. 22.
Colour photo-feature.Rerailing Bulleid Pacific 34084 253 Squadron following accident at Hither Green, 20 February 1960.

Scottish contrasts. M. Mensing (phot.). 23.
Colour photo-feature.Ballachulish branch: Type 2 Bo-Bo D5363 leaving Ballachulish Ferry and ex LMS 0-4-4 T No 55263 at North Connel station.

Swindon 4-6-0s. 24-5.
Colour photo-feature.(W. Potter, R.C. Riley and M. Mensing): No 6863 Dolhywel Grange on a ballast train climbing through Stroud Valley line (1964); 4077 Chepstow Castle fresh from overhaul at Swindon on 6 Dec 1960; 6001 King Edward VII north of Rowington Junction on 1 July 1962.

Snow - seasonal portraits. 26-7.
Colour photo-feature..ex LMS 8F heading for Chinley (Paul Riley); unidentified WD 2-8-0 climbs Stockton Bank (C.A. Davis); memorial to steam at Huddersfield - water crane & brazier (David R. Smith)

LNWR survivor. G.F. Bannister.  28.
Colour photo-feature with extended captions:.Class G2A 0-8-0 No 48895 on at pick-up goods returning to Wolverhampton and No. 48895 shunting at Wednesfield station on 3 October 1964 on the Wolverhampton and Walsall Railway;

Stratford shed: all change. Richard Hardy. 29-33.
Transition from steam to diesel between 1958 and 1962. illus.: Jubilee shed Stratford or what was left of it in 1962; Liverpool Street station with N7 0-6-2Ts; North Woolwich station with L1 2-6-4T; Drivers Jimmy Weston and Jack Sheppard; Liverpool Street pilots (N7 and J69); interior of Stratford diesel MPD.

Written off. Harry Taylor. 34-5.
Effect of transition from steam on footplate staff (author was a LMR fireman): illus. (b&w): shed scene characteristic of the mid-sixties. - Bristol [Barrow Rd].; Radyr shed yard a few days after closure; steam did have its drawbacks - ashpan raking, which was no fun.;

Firing the steam locomotive. John Hilton. 36-7.
Practical advice: preparing the fire; on the road; disposal, problems & solutions; causes of poor steaming

Memories of the 'Brighton'. 38-40.
Photographs of LBSCR: Lewes Station c1902; Shoreham Viaduct in 1892; Brighton shed in c1903 with according to A.G. Coffin (letter p. 140) R.J. Billinton in picture (wearer of top hat); Terrier at Selsdon Road North c1885; inside Brighton Works, early 20c

Yesterday's observer February 1960. 41.
RCTS Railway Observer

Yesterday's observer - our railways go to war. 42-3.
The RCTS was able to publish a surprisingly large amount of information during the early months of WW2: the feature led to an interesting letter on heavy loads on Rading-Redhill line (page 140)

Letters. 44
Fawley Branch. R.C. Riley.
Refers back to article by Stanley Jenkins in Introductory volume
Loco colouring. Larry Goddard.
Comments by professional model painter that colour photographs are far more valuable than written comments.
Comments on Introductory issue from:
D. Jenkinson. too parochial
R.J. Essery Plea for not all BR
M. Clarke.
P.M.B. Heywood
J. Routledge. Plea to be more technical
J.F. Brown  Case for electrics
G.G. Huxford.

Colour files. 45.
Richmond station (Yorks) in 1967, by K. Cooper and LNER.B12 (green) No. 1543 at Kittybrewster in 1948, by J.M. Jarvis.

Reviews. 46
The Somerset & Dorset then and now. Mac Hawkins. Patrick Stephens. NT ****
"thorough and generally successful portrait"
The railways of Gosport. Kevin Robertson. Kingfisher NT ***
"author has unearthed much material from original sources"
The Prestatyn and Dyserth branch line. Stephen P. Goodall. Oakwood. LR ****
LMS reflections. Bob Essery and Nigel Harris. Silver Link. JC *****
"readable, well-edited and business-like book"

LSWR M7 0-4-4T shunting at Southampton Terminus in 1957 with Queen Mary and Ivernia liners in background. R.C. Riley. back cover.

Part 2: Summer 1987)

Ex NER J71 0-6-0T No 8286 as the York station pilot in LNER green. C.C.B. Herbert. front cover
Via R.C. Riley

North Road works, Darlington - the pre-grouping years. Ken Hoole. 52-9.
The original works were designed by William Bouch for the Stockton & Darlington Railway on 1 January 1863 for which work had started in 1860. Until 1911/12 the NER continued to employ its works and offices at Gateshead, but in those years new locomotive construction shops and offices for the Chief Mechanical Engineer and his staff were opened on the Stooperdale estate. This part of the article outlines those locomotives built at Darlington mainly by the NER.  Part 2 is on page 125.
Illus.: Darlington station in 1956 with 67620 on train of articulated twins (J. Davenport); Darlington works yard in 1938 with K3 2465, J24 i843, J25 2037 and Q5 794; B1 4-6-0 No 61028 at Kensington in 1956 (R.C. Riley) (all col remainder b&w); Engine repair at Darlington in original works;  1903 erecting shops in 1910 (several views); S&DR 0-6-0 175 (first engine built at North Road); North Easter class R1 4-4-0 built at Darlington; Stockton & Darlington 4-4-0 No. 238 [later NER 1238] built at Darlington; Main line electric locomotive No. 13  under construction in 1922; The first Raven Pacific No 2400 outside the paintshop in 1922; NER class P3 0-6-0 at Darlington works; The midday exodus; Plan of Darlington works in 1903;

Brockenhurst - 1953. R.C. Riley. 60-3.
Traffic at junction in New Forest: see also letter from Bob Walters p.140 illus.: Bulleid West Country Pacific No 34019 Bideford at Brockenhurst; LSW Drummond T9 30289 leaving Brockenhurst for Bournemouth; Class S15 with the 5.05 Bournemouth to Waterloo at Lymington Jcn.; Lord Nelson class No. 30864 Martin Frobisher leaving Brockenhurst for; Class M7 0-4-4 T No. 30058 passing Lymington Jcn. box; Class Q No 30549 leaving Brockenhurst for Lymington Pier with class M7;

Atkins, C. P[hil]. More light on the Lickey Banker. 64-6.
Alternatives developed by James Clayton included 0-10-0T; 2-10-0T (both with taper boilers); 2-6-0+0-6-2T Fairlie and 0-6-6-0T (see Barnes). Includes description of design and construction of four-cylinder 0-10-0 with its tortuous steam passages dictated by lack of space and similar to several Italian designs. illus. (b&w): demonstration of MR's No 2290 0-10-0 headlamp; Midland No 2290 complete and under construction - five views; In tandem 0-10-0 and the Gresley Garratt banking together; The BR std 9F's which replaced the 0-10-0. Additional information by author (2 page 92) and letter from A.C. Sharpe on pp. 189-90.

Banking after 'Bertha'. Bob Davies. 67-8.
Standard 9F 2-10-0s; ex-GWR 2-8-2T and 2-8-0T Former had clearance problems); 3F 0-6-0 tender locomotives; 3F 0-6-0Ts (Jinties); 94XX 0-6-0PTs and Hymek and class 37 diesel banking engines. illus.(b&w): train of tank wagons banked by a 9F and a pair of ex-GW 0-6-0-PT's; ex-GW 2-8-0 5226 descends 'light engine'; Jinties 47502 and 47303 at Bromsgrove station assist The Devonian; quartet of 0-6-0 PT's assist an Esso tank wagon train at Vigo; Diesel bankers;

The Princetown branch. R.C. Riley. 69-71.
Colour photo-feature. 44XX No. 4410 on branch train at Yelverton, Dousland, Burrator & Sheeps Tor (mixed train), Ingra Tor (no train). These plus further two published again in 2006, 20, 324. Congratulated by F.B. Smith (page 140).

Single cars. 72.
Colour photo-feature. of single unit diesel railcars.: M79900 at Banbury Merton Street; W55005 near Leigh Court; class 128 parcels car on North Warwicks.line and W79977 (railbus) at Tetbury (S.G. Maggs: remainder Michael Mensing).

Stainer six-coupled. 74.
Colour photo-feature.: class 5 No. 45254 passing site of Lochanhead station on stopping train on 20 July 1963 (Michael Mensing); No. 46141 North Staffordshire Regiment climbing away from Oxenholme with freight in June 1963 (M. Chapman); No. 45562 Alberta at Normanton shed in 1967 (Derek Huntriss)

A trio of [signal] boxes. John Bateman. 76.
Colour photo-feature.: Snaith West on 30 August 1970; Beverley on 22 August 1968 and Haven House on 13 August 1975.

Gatecrasher! Lewis Reade. 77.
Runaway (accident) on 12 November 1871 on involving GWR 0-6-0ST No. 1032 Monmouthshire Railway involving 17 level crossing gates between Pontypool and Newport: accident report by Lt Col F.H. Rich.

The Cromer branch. Stanley C. Jenkins [Branch Line Notebook]. 78-84.
Powers obtained for East Norfolk Railway in 1864 and work had started in 1865 but had to be abandoned due to the failure of bankers Overend & Gurney. Lord Suffield of Gunton Park was Chairman of the ENR, and in 1872 an extension of time was obtained together with powers to extend from North Walsham to Cromer Line was opened to Gunton on 29 July 1876 and to Cromer on 26 March 1877. Jenkins directs readers to two works by C.J. Allen for the development of the famous Norfolk Coast Express (The Great Eastern Railway and a periodical article), but the Eastern Belle Pullman service is described in detail as are named expresses which ran under British Railways. The serious head on crash at Whitlingham (junction from the Yarmouth line on 10 September 1874) is also mentioned. There is an excellent account of the line which reconciles what is/was still in existence (Jenkins' description of West Runton station would no longer be recognizable as it is now (thanks to the local WI a model for unstaffed halts)) with what was formerly provided. The relationship of Gunton Park (not open to the public, but the Bittern Line provided access for ramblers on one day in 2002) with the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII) is mentioned. Subsequently, Jenkins covered some of this ground in great detail in his book The Melton Constable to Cromer branch. This wretched hack makes cutting remarks about West Runton station: "little more than a shack". Gunton station shown in colour illus in 16 page 532 and full account of this station in Great Eastern Journal  (111) page 34
illus.: B12 4-6-0 passing D15 4-4-0 at Norwich; passenger tickets; four car Metro Cammell formation at Salhouse station; Track diagram - the Cromer branch; single ticket; early view of Wroxham station; Holden oil-fired non stop Liverpool St. to Cromer passing Worsted; North Walsham station; March 1938 timetable for the Cromer branch; Claude Hamilton 4-4-0 leaving Cromer High; Gunton station (ca;ption states looking south — it is north); Track diagrams based on the GER. 1919 system map with extra detail — Salhouse, Wroxham, Worstead, North Walsham, Gunton, Cromer High and Cromer Beach; oil fired GER 4-4-0 backing onto its train at Cromer [High]; ex. GER 2-4-2 67225 waiting at Cromer Beach;

Steam locomotive lubrication. John Hilton. 85.
Mechanical and hydrostatic lubricators and oiling around the engine: illus. (b&w): illus.: oiling a 'Castle' - two views;

Bygone Bristol. T.J. Edgington. 86-8.
Assorted old black & white photographs with excellent captions: Bristol St Philip's Goods yard; 4-4-2 No, 190 Waverley passing Pyle Hill signal box; Bristol Avonside wharf; Bristol Temple Mead's station; Temple Mead's from the east about 1937 possibly from a signal gantry; Temple Mead's including beautiful streamlined No 5005 Manorbier Castle;

Yesterday's Observer - Our railways go to war. 89-90.
Some of the last troops to get here from Dunkirk - French soldiers at Dover Marine on 4 June 1940; St John's Wood tunnel after temporary repair following bomb damage;

Yesterday's Observer - Feb 1950. 91.

Letters. 92.
Standard defects. Arthur Draycott.
ex -Toton fitter refers to difficulty of servicing Standard 9F 2-10-0 locomotives [refers back to Introductory issue].
Betley Road. Ivor Glover.
Refers back to page 15

Colour files. 93
Colour photo-feature. Llandovery on 7 August 1965 (K, Cooper) (see page 140) and SR E1/R 32697 on 28 June 1957 at Exeter St Davids (R.C. Riley)

Reviews. 94.
The railways around Stockport. G.K. Fox. Foxline Publishing. NT ****
Smartly produced large format picture album, with extended detailed captions and two useful maps. Sound knowledge and feeling for the subject are evident throughout.
The Somerset & Dorset at Midford. Mike Arlett. Millstream Books, LR **
"one for S&D buffs only, perhaps".
The Pembroke & Tenby Railway. M.R.C. Price. The Oakwood Press. LR ***
A welcome new history of a remote and interesting West Wales back- water which maintained a fiercely independent existence until succumbing to the GWR in 1897. P&TR locomotives and rolling stock are described.
The Bisley Camp branch line. Peter A. Harding & John M. Clarke. Published by first author. NT ****
The Bisley Camp branch, opened in 1890 and closed in 1952, linked the National Rifle Association's camp to the LSWR main line at Brookwood and was just 1¼ miles long. Very much in the style of the 'Branch Line Handbooks' published in the 1960s. The line's history is thoroughly covered and there are 44 photos, plus maps, diagrams and ephemera. a worthwhile bargain.
The Vale of Rheidol Railway. C.C. Green.
The Mid-Suffolk Light Railway. Peter Paye.
LSWR locomotives: the Drummond classes. D.L. Bradley.
Wild Swan Publications. NT. ***** [all three]
"Consigning these titles to a combined review should not be taken as dismissive; it merely emphasises the common strengths of this publisher's range." "Mr Green's astonishingly portrait of the Vale of Rheidol is a fine illustrated history of a narrow gauge railway. The human side is not forgotten. The text is detailed, affectionate and highly readable without being in any way sentimental.
The rambling Mid-Suffolk Light Railway traversed the rural fastnesses of Central Suffolk from Haughley (on the GER Ipswich- Norwich main line) to Halesworth (on the Norwich-Great Yarmouth line) with a branch to Westerfield near Ipswich. Partially opened in 1904, it was taken under the LNER's wing in 1924 and survived precariously until 1952. The line's construction, operation, structures, locomotives, rolling stock, etc are considered; coverage of closure, perhaps disproportionately, fills 14 pages, the same space as the line's genesis and construction. The unique atmosphere of the light railway is superbly captured.
In LSWR Locomotives, the late D.L. Bradiey turned his attentions to the work of Dugald Drummond. The photographs are outstanding, although the diagrams of the various classes, facsimiles of works drawings, are likely to be of limited value to those without some mechanical knowledge. Future volumes in the series intended to feature Urie and Beattie classes.

Locomotives of the LNER Part 2A Tender Engines Classes Al to Al0. Railway Correspondence & Travel Society. NT *****
Third impression for the RCTS's profile of the LNER Pacifics, first published in 1973. Engines are described in exhaustive and definitive detail. The photos are carefully chosen and illustrate detail differences. The value of the content really warrants a hardback format, but this remains an indispensable classic.
A pictorial record of Great Western engines Vol.1 Gooch, Armstrong and Dean Locos: Vol.2 Churchward, Collett and Hawksworth Locos J.H. Russell. Oxford Publishing Company. JC ***
The well-known 1975 volumes re-appear. While still a valuable pictorial record of some very familiar machines, these books have not dated particularly well. Although the printing standard is high the layout is not up to 1987 standards, the relationship between the photos and the captions (and some of the content of the latter) being sometimes not well thought out.

AEI Bo-Bo Class AL1 E3021 climbing out of Runcorn on 20 July 1963. M. Mensing. rear cover.

Part 3 (Volume 1 1987)

Britainnia Pacific Shooting Star No 70029 on the 'Red Dragon'. P.M. Alexander. front cover.

LMS Jubilee Victoria in experimental BR green ex-works Derby. J.M. Jarvis. inset front cover

Hazards on the line. Charles Meacher. 100-5.
Accidents to railway staff: blowbacks, scaldings (including those ftom train heating bags (hose), accidents in sheds (some fatal). damage from diesel fuel leaks, dangers of electrification, fly shunting, fires, structural defects on locomotives (e.g. loss of tyres), obstructions (loss of freight from train on adjacent line leading to derailment of A2 at Longniddry on 1953-12-17), floods, subsidence, bridges and tunnels. Illus. (colour): Caledonian notice  "as to tresspass" (see letter by Franks page 188) - why use one word when twelve will do? Normanton shed - general view in December 1967 (Joe Richardson); Severn & Wye joint rly warning notice in situ at Cinderford; (b&w): damage as the result of enthusiastic 'fly-shunting' on GER c1900; 0-6-0 ST Newcastle (Manning Wardlem 1532 of 1901) on Wissington Light Railway on 22 Nov 1964 (R.C. Riley); GWR 2-4-0 wading in flooded Creech cutting in 1894; derailment due to mining near Skinnergrove NER on 29 May 1909; down 'Pines Express' double headed about to enter Devonshire tunnel on 6 June 1958 (Ivo Peters).

The Banbury branch (LNWR) Bill Simpson. (Branch Line Notebook). 106-13.
The Oxford & Bletchldey Railway and the Buckinham & Brackley Junction Railway were promoted by the local landowners Lord Verney and the Marquess of Chndos. The two proposed lines were amalgamated as the Buckinghamshire Railway and were built by the LNWR partly as a measure intended to limit the extent of the GWR broad gauge. The railway reached Banbury on 1 May 1850. The Northampton & Banbury Junction Railway reached a junction with the Banbury line at Cockley Wood on 11 June 1872. Freight services finally ended in 1966 and the track was lifted in 1967. map, diagrs (plans) of stations, facsimile of 1909 timetable. illus.: Looking east from the bridge at Verney Jn. with Metropolitan Railway  'H' class ready to leave; Track diagram - the Banbury branch; Buckingham station during construction in 1861; two views of Mrs Allen at the small village station of Padbury; Buckingham looking towards Banbury in 1933; Buckingham looking towards Verney Junction; illus.: Track diagrams- Banbury; Brackley; Buckingham; Buckingham Goods Yard; Farthinghoe; Verney Junction; Timetable for the Banbury branch - 1909; A Beyer-Peacock No 16a of the Stratford-on-Avon and Midland Jn Rly at Cockley Brake; Diesel single unit at an unidentified station

British Railways' experimental liveries 1948. Clive. S. Carter. 114-17.
Tabulated data on locomotives selected for painting in light green and blue, and the selected train services for rakes in plum and spilt milk or chocolate and cream. Illus. (b&w): Empty stock at Waterloo (plum & spilt milk); LMS class 5 4-6-0 44999 in lined black leaving Perth (C.C.B. Herbert); Experimental liveries (colour) - ex-GW 'Castle' 4091 Dudley Castle in strange (non-Brunswick) green (K.H. Leech); ex-LMS rebuilt Patriot 45531 Sir Fredrick Harrison in lime green; ex-LNER A4 60028 Walter K Whigham in dark blue (J.M. Jarvis); ex-Southern Merchant Navy 35024 East Asiatic Company in darkish blue with three red stripes (S.C. Townroe). See letters (page 188 (Vol. 1) by  John Barker and Bob Danes..

On Southern branches. 118-19.
Colour photo-feature.: Eridge station on 2 April 1956 with U1 31896 (R.C. Riley), Swanage station.with M7 30379 and Rowfant station with H 31544 (both Sept. 1962 Roy Hobbs).

In the dumps [of withdrawn steam locomotives]. 120-1.
Colour photo-feature.: storage of redundant steam locomotives at Bathgate, Carnbroe (truncated NBR Bothwell (Hamilton) branch, Bo'ness and Redhill. (Hugh D. Ramsey, except last: Roy Hobbs)

The hydraulic age. 122-4.
Colour photo-feature.: D802 at Saltash station in August 1959, D7076 near Ledbury on 1 June 1963, D6320 (new) at Plymouth Laira on 25 Sept 1960, D1019 between Tyseley and Acock's Green on up Cambrian Coast Express on 31 May 1963, D1023 and D1000 at Old Oak Common (latter in desert sand livery) on 11 April 1964. (R.C. Riley and M. Mensing).

North Road Locomotive Works, Darlington. Ken Hoole. 125-9.
Part 1 was on page 52. Locomotives built during LNER and British Railways periods. illus. (b&w): W1 no 10000, the 'Hush-hush'; new D49 292 The Southwold; first Gresley class built at Darlington; pioneer Darlington-built B17 2810 Honingham Hall; first V2 no 4776 under construction; V2 4831 in the yard having its boiler filled for the first time; Darlington built locomotives: A8 4-6-2 T No 2162; Peppercorn Pacific 60130; pioneer B1 8301 Springbok; first Darlington 8F 2-8-0; 4MT 2-6-0 43070; Darlington's first Diesel shunter 12103; The last to be built at Darlington was 2-6-2; Darlington erecting shop with A4 60024, 8F 48272 and J27 65788. Personal memories of relatives at Works in post-WW2 period (Pattison).

Station Studies: Lancaster (Green Ayre). V.R. Anderson and G.K. Fox. 130-3.
In 1846 two Acts of Parliament were granted: the Morecambe Harbour & Railway Company for a harbour at Poulton which reached St George's Quay Lancaster on 12 June 1848, and the North Western Railway from Skipton to Low Gill with a branch to Lancaster. In October 1846 the North Western took over the Morecambe line, but the two were not conected until June 1850, by which time a connecting line had been built to the Lancaster & Carlisle Station. The Midland acquired the North Western in January 1871 and rebuilt Lancaster Green Ayre (sometimes known as Area). The line linking Morecambe with Lancaster was electrified at 6600 volts 25 cycle AC in 1906 and was later used by British Railways for trials at high voltage. All was closed in 1966 and much of the station site is a supermarket. Illus.: Lancaster [Green Ayres] station; Track diagram Morecambe branch; Lancaster [Green Ayres] shed; Two views of Lancaster [Green Ayres] station; Lancaster [Green Ayres] North junction; Lancaster [Green Ayres] shed; Track diagram - Lancaster [Green Ayre] 1915; A four wheeled coaling tub still in use in 1966; Track diagram - Lancaster; See letter by Crane p. 188.

Valves and Pistons. John Hilton. 134-5.
A practical examination of valves and valve gears: definitions/explanations of led and lap, slide and piston valves, eccentrics, hammer blow (this section led to a long explanation of the effect by Paul V. Evans on page 188), slide bars and faults which may occur in service. 

The Brill branch. John Healy. (Photofile).136-8.
Illus of stations and trains: latter in London Transport period.: LT No 23 leaving Quainton Road; Waddesdon Road station; Manning Wardle tank 'Brill no 1' at Brill; Westcott station; Wotton station; Aveling & Porter engine from the tramway now restored; Rigid 8-wheeled coach used on the last train; The last daylight train; Wooton Tramway paperwork;

Yesterday's Observer - Dec 1935. 139

Letters. 140.
Llandovery. Ian G. Morris.
See p.93: Vale of Towy Railway and Central Wales Extension Railway met at Llandovery: north thereof was LNWR; southward to Landeilo was joint GWR/LNWR; Llandeilo to Pontarddulais was GWR with LNWR running powers; thence to Swansea Victoria was LNWR.
Memories stirred. A.G. Coffin.
20-coach trains on Reading-Redhill line during WW2 double-headed by pairs of U class 2-6-0s and R.J. Billinton in photograph of Brighton old shed (page 39)
Brockenhurst. Bob Walters.
Memories of traveller to school, includes claim that 1366 class 0-6-0PTs reached the Ringwood line:
Princetown in colour. F.B. Smith.
Congratulations on quality of Dick Riley's colour photographs (page 69)
Sense of proportion. T.G. Flinders.
Standards set by journal
Political, Robert Adley.
Deprecated use of ex- as in ex-GWR.
Foreign content. A.E. Durrant.
Sharply critical of the narrow British view sought by many readers.
Rail Photo Print. Ian Kennedy.
Claim in Rail News that concern had closed was incorrect.

Colour files. 141
Cattal station, NER in 1966 (John Bateman); Duchess Pacific 46240 in BR red in August 1963 (W. Potter)

Mangotsfield station with a BR Std Class 5 73003 and LMS Royal Scot 46117 Welsh Guardsman on 5 Oct 1962. R.C. Riley. rear cover

Part 4 (Volume 1 Winter 1987)

Ex LBSC Atlantic Beachy Head leaving Norwood Jcn. R.C. Riley. front cover
13 April 1958 (inset shows nameplate).

Cornish Steam - the latter years. 148.
5572 at Lostwithiel on Fowey passenger train and 5069 crossing Tamar Bridge into Cornwall. (R.C. Riley).

The railway in Cornwall 1835-1914. Jack Simmons. 149-57.
Previously published in J. Roy. Instn. Cornwall in 1982. A very detailed history (given the space limitations) which includes not only the West Cornwall Railway, the aspirations for a Central Cornwall Railway, Brunel's southern (Great Western route) with its difficult gradients and curvature and the effect of the railway upon the County - notably to the decline of Bodmin by being off the route. See letters by B. Longbone and Jamie Field in Volume 2 page 46. .Illus. (b&w): Cambourne station in 1892; Track diagram - The railways of Cornwall; Penzance station in the early 20th century; Express running through Chacewater station c. 1906 (with Newquay branch train (steam railcar?) in siding; Redruth station with Milnes-Daimler 28h.p. motor bus and tiop of steam raicar visible; Penponds viaduct in original condition; Delabole station in LSWR days; Broad Gauge certificate; first 'Limited' leaving Penzance in 1904 with 'Builldog' 4-4-0 no 3450; Redruth station in 1906;

Cranbrook station. Bill Smith [Branch Line Notebook]. 158-61.
Cranbrook & Paddock Wood Railway incorporated 1877; opened piecemeal reaching Cranbrook and terminus at Hawkhurst on 4 September 1893 and absorbed into SECR in 1900. illus. (b&w): Class C 0-6-0 heads a Hawkhurst train on the last day of service; Track diagram (thumbnail version!) of lines round Cranbrook; Cranbrook station after the C class had left!; Track diagram Cranbrook station; Cranbrook station building elevations; Cranbrook station looking toward Hawkhurst; Signalling diagram; The 'St Trinians Belle' leaving Cranbrook empty after unloading. Additional information re motive power by R.C. Riley (2 92) and by Peter Erwood (2 46);

.LMS sheds in London 1935. Tom Middlemass. 162-4.
Scottish bank apprentice's trip to London and visit to sheds at Camden, Cricklewood and Plaistow See 2-46. Illus.: Camden shed with Royal Scot 6123 and Patriot 5527; with Royal Scot 6144; Cricklewood depot with pair of Beyer Peacock Garretts Nos. 4980 and 4968; Camden shed with Claughton 5999; Plaistow shed with 4-4-2T's Nos. 2130 and 2150; and with ex-LTS 4-4-2 T No. 2109. Criticism of certain points made about layout of Camden depot by L. Taylor.(2-46).

A green Atlantic - Ex LBSC No 2421 South Foreland. C.C.B. Herbert. 165.
In malachite green on Newhaven shed in 1947. Comment on state of other Atlantics by D.Paulton (2-46).

[Level] Crossings. 166-7.
Colour photo-feature.: of level crossings at Firsby, Tramway Crossing (Mablethorpe branch); Marsh Brook (near Craven Arms, GW/LNWR Joint) and Baynards.

Close-up on the A4. 168-9.
Colour photo-feature.: No 60008 A4 Dwight D Eisenhower (P.N. Townend); crew of No. 60015 Quicksilver waiting for the 'right away' at Doncaster ; No. 60027 Merlin at Haymarket [Edinburgh] shed having a clean (J.D. Gomersall); No. 60007 Sir Nigel Gresley backing on at Glasgow [Buchan Street] (Alan Tyson).

Type 4s in action. 170-1.
Col. illus.: D1823 descending Shap with a load of soda ash tanks; D231 west of Berkswell (M. Mensing: remainder R.H. Leslie); D217 climbing past Greenholme towards Shap; D75 passing Cotehill south of Carlisle with a BR std class 5 providing heating

Working with wagons. 1. Freights. John Hilton. 172.
Difficulties with working with loose-coupled, unbraked wagons. Some of these difficulties still remained with more modern motive power as freights are more difficult to start and stop than passenger trains. Illus (b&w): No. 3732 at Presthope (Much Wenlock-Craven Arms line) on 25 Sept 1954 with short freight (Geoff Bannister).

Working with wagons. 2. Shunting. Charles Meacher. 173-4.
Coupling and uncoupling, marshalling yards, duties of shunters (human).

Carnage at Cashmore's. Nigel Travena. 175-81
Scrapping steam locomotives

Valve gears. John Hilton. 182-3
Clear notes on Stephenson valve gear; Walschaerts; rotary cam poppet valves, inside valve gear, Joy Valve gear, derived gear, Hackworth valve gear and steam reversing gears

Ironstone engines. photos. Ivo Peters. captions. R.C. Riley. 184-6.
Kitson 5470 0-6-0ST at Corby; Robert Stephenson & Hawthorn 7004 0-6-0ST and Yorkshire Engine Co 2483 0-6-0ST at Exton Park; Manning Wardle 1875 and 1370 3ft gauge 0-6-0ST at Kettering Ironstone Quarries (also standard gauage Avonside 1849); Hunslet 344 0-4-0ST at Buckminster Ironstone Q; Peckett 1315 0-6-0ST at Scaldwell Ironstone Q; and several out-of-service at Eastwell.

Yesterday's Observer April 1955. 187

Letters. 188-9.
British Railways experimental liveries. John Barker.
Plum & spilt milk coaching stock at Southport and lining on Hawksworth chocolate & cream stock (original article p. 114).
British Railways experimental liveries. Bob Danes.
Locomotive liveries (dark blue): included A4 60029 and A3 60075: MN 35024 lost red bands when repainted with black & white lining in March 1949; 46117 also painted light green; 44762 was still in malachite green in April 1952. (original article p. 114).
Green Ayre remembered, Jack Crane.
Writer was junior porter at station during 1938/9 when the glories of the day were the "Resi"[dential] for Leeds in the morning and the 11.10pm boat train for Heysham. (original article p. 130)
Forgive us not... D.L. Franks.
Relates to photographs of "tresspass" signs (illus. page 100): writer formerly had a large collection, from which he inferes that such signs may have originated in 1878.
Valves and pistons. Paul V. Evans.
Hilton's explantion of hammer blow (page 134) in static terms was unsatisfactory as it is a dynamic phenomenom with distinctive reciprocating and rotating masses. The latter can be accommodated by balance weights, but the reciproacting forces increase with the square of the speed leading to fore and aft motion which will damage the track, may break couplings and cause passenger discomfort. Additional balance weights will help to cure it, but causes excess loading on bridges. Three and four cylinder engines cure the problem: two-cylinders are always a compromise. The letter also defines: axle loading, the vertical component of piston thrust and dynamic augment.
Darlington Works. M. Pattison.
Memories of relatives working at the Works in post-WW2 period (page 125 for article by Hoole).
Lickey banker. A.C. Sharpe.
Article by Atkins page 64: Writer confirms the original author's suggestion of a connexion with Italian design for the cyclinder layout used on the MR Lickey banker and also notes that J. Clayton had designed a 2-6-0 with taper boiler whilst still at Derby.
Boring numbers. Rodney Marshall.
Locomotive numbers are boring (answered 2-46 by G. Eades)
Distress signals. T. Stockdale.
Purchase of GER lower quadrandant signal - destroyed by subsequent owner of house where signal had been located.

Reviews. 189.
The Cardiff Railway. Eric Mountford. Oakwood. ILW ****
"altogether an admirable book"

Colour files. 189.
Settle, LMR in 1965 (A. Tyson); GWR 2-6-0 No 4358 in BR green at Swindon in 1957 (R.C. Riley)

Ex-CR Pickersgill 4-4-0 54465 at Blairgowrie. (Roy Hobbs). rear cover.
April 1962 during SLS railtour

Updated 2013-10-30